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TUE 



PUBLICATIOI^S 

OF THE 

SUHTEBS SOCIETY. 

ESTABLISHED IN THE YEAR 
M.DCCC.XXXIV. 




VOL. LIV. 

FOR THE YEAR MDCCCLXIX. 



tJbS30-i* ANf) CO., Tm^fB^S, 
MAREST-PIjACB. 



THE DIAEY 



OF 



ABRAHAM DE LA PEYME, 



THE YORKSHIRE ANTIQUARY. 



/ 



^l^a/uPC/^'^^Q^ /^ y^H/^^A^ 




'^ublishcb for i\t BomtQ 

BY ANDREWS &: CO., DURHAM; 

WHITTAKER & CO., 13, AVE MARIA LANE ; T. & W. BOONE, 

29» NEW BOND STREET; BERNARD QUARITCH, 15, PICCADILLY j 

BLACKWOOD & SONS, EDINBURGH. 

1870. 



^ 4'IO.SI /.^H 



At a Meeting of the Couucil of The Surtees Society, 
aeld in the Castle of Durham, on Tuesday, December 1st, 1868, 
the Rev. C. T. Whitley in the chair — it was 



Resolved, that The Diary of Abraham de la Pryme 
shoiild form one of the publications of this Society for 1869, to 
be edited by Mr. Charles Jackson. 

James Raine, 

Secretary, 



INTRODUCTION. 



The Council of tlu; Surtoos Society are enabled, l)y the eour- 
teoiis peniiissiou of Francis Westby Bag.shawc, esq., of the 
Oaks, near Sheffield, the owner of the original manuscript, to 
furnish its members with the volume now delivered to them. To 
that gentleman the cordial thanks of the Society are justly due, 
and, on their behalf, arc hereby presented. 

The manuscript consists of two volumes folio, in size about 
eleven inches by seven. Each volume is bound in rough calf, 
with folding flaps, originally secured by a single clasp of brass, 
with four catches. The i)ages of volumes the first are alternately 
numbered. Including several original letters, printed papers, 
etc., occasionally inserted by the Diarist, and numbered as pages, 
they amounted to 573. Several pages are, however, now want- 
ing. In volume the second, not so tlu'ck a book as the first, the 
pages are not numbered. Inclusive of its interleaved matter it 
appears at present to contain 133 pages. At the end of it many 
pages have been cut or torn out : but, as the lat(;st cidry is under 
date of the 2 5th Jan., 1703-4,andth(i writer lived oidy to the month 
of June following^ and since as the later portion consists merely 
of entries of copies of letters to some of his antiquarian corres- 
pondents, without any notes of daily t)ccurrences, it is probaljle 
that the missing leaves were Ibr the most part blank, and only 
taken out for other purposes. The handwriting is hold and clear 
in character. In places where some of the church notes are 
given, trickings of arms, hastily executed, are made; these it 
has not been considered worth while to represent by engraving. 
Upon the whole the manuscript may fairly be regarded as being 
in very good condition. 



VI INTRODUCTION. 

Mr. Bacrshawe informs me that he is unahle to state for what 
length of time these t\A'o manuscript volumes have been in the 
possession of ^is family, or how, indeed, precisely they were at 
the first obtained. His belief is that they were given by one of 
the De la Pryme family" to one of his ancestoi's, Mrs. Darling,* 
who was connected with Thorne, the last place at which the 
Diarist resided, and where also he died. 

The Diary has been, no doubt thi'ough the civility of its 
owners, lent at different times to various persons, and it is likely 
that transcripts of or extracts from it, printed or otherwise, may 
exist elsewhere. For historical purposes it was certainly, some 
years ago, entrusted to at least one distinguished topographical 
writer, than whom no one was more welcome, or more able, to 
extract the essence of it, and who has suitably acknowledged the 
benefits, which these, as well as other manuscripts of De la 
Pryme, afforded him in his compilation of the history of South 
Yorkshire.'' 

Upon undertaking the editorship of this work I had the 
pleasure of becoming acquainted with an existing member of the 
Diarist's family, Charles de la Pryme, esq., M.A., of Trinity 

" On the outside of the cover of vol ii. is written " Peter Pryme, his Booke." 
This was the Diarist's next hrother and successor, who died 25th Nov., 1724, (See 
Pedigree). The Diarist's nephew and namesake has also thus described himself 
within the cover of the same volume : — "Abraham Pryme, living iu ye Levils 
of Hatfield Chace, in ye county of York, in the West Eideing thereof, near 
Doncaster, Anno Domini 1722." 

* Ellen, daughter and coheiress of Richard Bagshawe, of the Oaks, 
married at Thorne, 8th March, 1733-4, William Chambers, of Hull, M.D., whose 
only daughter, Elizabeth Chambers, became the wife of Ralph Darling, of Hull. 
Their son, William Chambers Darling, assumed the surname of Bagshawe in 
lieu of Darling, and, being knighted, became Sir William Chambers Bagshawe, 
M.D. He wa.s the grandfather of Francis Westby Bagshawe, esq., now of the 
Oaks.— See Hunter's Hallamshire, 1819, p. 234 ; Gattifs Hunter's Hallamsliire, 
18G9, pp. 399, 400. 

' ''At the end of the 17th century Abraham dela Pryme, a clergyman, and 
early fellow of the Royal Society, made some not inconsiderable collections for 
the history, natural and civil, of the Level of Hatfield Chace, the place of his 
nativity. These collections, though injured by the carelessness of some former 
possessor, are now in the Lansdowne department of the British Museum, and 



INTRODUCTION. Vll 

College, Cambridge, who inFonned me that ho had been contem- 
plating the publication of notices, collected by his family and 
himself, relating to his worthy ancc^stor. With great politeness 
he immediately suggested that these should be introduced as a 
preface to the present volume, and that such portions of the actual 
Diary as he had previously copied should be merged in it. This 
arrangement, being a great mutual advantage, has been adopted, 
and Mr. de la Pryme's valuable addition accordingly appears at 
the conclusion of these few remarks. 

In this volume the original Diary is not printed verhatim et 
totaliter. A certain license, in these cases no less needful than 
discretionary, has been exercised in the rejection or omission of 
such portions as, on various accounts, seemed unnecessary in 
print. For the most part the original orthography has been 
followed, except in some instances, where the appearance of the 
book, and the more convenient perusal by non- antiquarian 
readers, seemed to demand a more modern variety of form. 

Though not equal, either in thesupply of information, or method, 
or general character, to the diaries of Pepys, Thoresby, and 
others, still it will probably be found that the references, as well 
to political as to private and personal occurrences, are of con- 
siderable interest ; and the quaint, unartificial language of an 
old Diarist, telling us naturally what happened in his time, is 
always attractive. 

Next to the owner of the manuscript my best tlianks, as editor, 
are justly due to our Secretary, the Rev. Canon Raine, M.A., of 
York, whose long and intimate acquaintance with compilations 

there I had access to them, through the kindness of Mr. Ellis, before they were 
generally placed in the hands of those who are admitted to the reading-room 
of the Museum. Besides these, De la Pryme left an Ephemeris or Diary of his 
life, in which he has inserted many historical and biographical matters. This 
last has been entrusted to me by William John Bagshawe, esq., of the Oaks, in 
Norton." (Mr. Hunter's preface to South Yorkshire, 1828). At page 179 of 
vol. i. the same author again recognises " the unsolicited and kind communi- 
cation" of this Diary. Mr. Hunter made copious extracts from the Diary, 
which are now amongst his MSS. at the British Museum. — Additional MSS., 
24475, pp. 33-94. 



Vlll. INTRODUCTION. 

of this character has cnaV)led him to render material help to one 
who cannot lay claim to similar experience. The Rev. Dr. 
Thompson, Master of Trinity College, Cambridge ; the Rev. 
J. E. B. Mayor, M.A., of St. John's College, Cambridge; the 
Rev. George Ornsby, M.A., vicar of Fishlake, near Doncaster; 
Edward Peacock, esq., F.S.A., of Bottesford Manor, near Brigg; 
and George William Cullen, esq.. Portcullis Pursuivant at Arms, 
have greatly assisted me with the information supplied in the 
notes. For the testamentary notices of the De la Pryme family 
and others, to be found in the Appendix,"^ and elsewhere, I am 
chiefly indebted to Robert Hardisty Skaife, esq., of York, and to 
Colonel Chester, of London. Those who know what it is to be 
engaged in the compihition of Pedigrees will readily appreciate 
the value of being permitted a free and unrestricted access to 
parochial registers and otiier records. For this privilege I must 
request the Rev. Canon Brooke, M.A., vicar of the Holj^ Trinity 
Church at Hull ; the Rev. Henry Hogarth, M.A., vicar of Hat- 
field ; and the Rev, George Jannings, B.A., vicar of Thorne, to 
accept mv most sincere acknowledgments. I must not omit the 
names of Rowland Heathcote, esq., of the Manor House, Hatfield, 
(for the liberal facility of inspecting the court rolls under his 
charge),* of Edward Shimells Wilson, esq., F.S.A.'^and AVilHam 
Consitt Boulter, esq., F.S.A. And there are other gentlemen, 
of whose friendly aid I bear the most grateful remembrance. 

In a work of this kind, involving for its elucidation references 
to so many scattered sources, so many old records, and so many 
manuscript authorities, errors are inevitable. I will only add 
that I have done my best to explain, for the Surtees Society and 
the Public, the obscurities which Time has thrown over the 
"observable things" recorded in this Diary by one who in his 

day was a remarkable man. 

CHARLES JACKSON. 

Doncaster, 1st November, 1870. 

"^ See Aj>jjrii(Ii.c, pp. 265-9. ' See jwstca, p. 257,71. / See Ajfjjoidix, p. 298. 



PREFACE. 



MEMOIR OF THE FAMILY OF DE LA PRYME, 
BY CHARLES DE LA PRYME. 



The antiquity of families has so long been a subject of interest 
to some, and of ridicule to others, that it is difficult to assign its 
proper limits in a biographical memoir. The De la Pryme ftimily 
has claimed to be the oldest of the Huguenots that have settled in 
this country, whether traditiinialiy or historically considered. 
Were this work intended for the votaries of what has been called 
the " science of fools with long memories," some pleasant j^ages 
miofht have been written about the descent from the last Idncr of 
Troy, the crossing the Mediterranean and settling in France — ■ 
first at Troyes and then at I'oj-is (hence so called), and their 
consequent assumption of the prefix De la. 

The "gentle reader" will, perhaps, be quite content to pass 
over in respectful silence the legendary period, and descend at 
OHce to the tamer level of the twelfth century, when we find 
them chief magistrates of the city of Ypres, in French Flanders. 

The earliest spelling of the name was Priem, the next Prijmey 
the next PAme, and the last Pryvie ; which an herald would 
perhaps call respectively the Trojan, the Flemish, the French, 
and the English variations. The prefix De la has had its vicis- 
situdes in this, as in some other families — as the De la Poles, 
Delafields, etc., where it has b(;en, as it were, "on and off" for 



X PREFACE. 

some time, and even finally dropped. In some eases it has been 
so with only the De^ and in others with only the La. The 
author of " Robinson Crusoe" has been accused of taking ex- 
actly the contrary liberty with his name, by calling himself [De] 
Foe, During the seven years' war (1756-1763), the anti-Galli- 
can feeling here was so strong, that Francis, who, in 1749, was 
elected mayor of Hull as Francis De la Pryme, was, in 1766, 
mayor as sinqilv Francis Pryme. His son, Christopher, con- 
tinued the mutilated form, and gave it to his son George, who 
revived the orioinal name, in its trisyllabic fulness, at the baptism 
of his son Charles, the present representative. 

There seem to have been two branches of the family, one of 
which possessed a chateau near Paderborn, in Westphalia, in the 
middle of the last century. The other, which was the original 
one, resided near Ypres, of which city several of them were 
chief magistrates. It was then one of the most important cities 
of northern and w^estern Europe ; its manufactures were cele- 
brated all over the Continent ; and it lent its name to the best of 
its fabrics, the diaper (which is merely a corruption of D' Ypres), 
just as our own worsted is so called from a place of that name 
in Norfolk.? 

Among the MSS. belonging to the flimily, there is an old 
paper, '' of which it will be sufficient to give the substance. 

It appears that in 1176, Philip of Alsace carried with him to 
the Crusade five hundred of the citizens of Ypres. Three years 

s WorsLead, a parish, and formerly a market town, eastern division of Nor- 
folk, 2-J miles (s.s.E.) from North Walsham, and 121 (n.e. by N.) from London. 
This place was once celebrated for the invention and manufacture of woollen 
twists and stuffs, thence called worsted goods ; . but this branch of trade was, 
on the petition of the inhabitants of Norwich, removed to that city in the 
time of Richard II., where it was finally established in the reign of Henry IV. 
— Lewis Top. Diet. 

'' Stated to be compiled from old papers, and considered by the family as 
trustworthy. Stories of the nature here given, are, however, when unsupported 
by evidence, generally tinctured with so much of what is romantic, that their 
reception is entirely a matter to be left to the judgment of the reader. 



PCEFACE. 



aftenvards, four hniidred and tliirty-six of these returned. Those 
were amply rewarded by their leader, some with knighthood, 
some, it is said, with grants of arms. Among those who were 
honoured witli tlie hist was the ancestor of the Dc la Prymes, 
whose coat-armour is thus described : — ■ 

"Hereunder is the coat of arms of Alexander Priem, which is 
Field azurSy with two gilt crosses and silver poinardsy vxiili a red bar 
in the middle. The motto, Animose certavit — He has fought as a 
If the Turks came with so many thousand men to attack 



hero. 



il 






rt-A 1 ( 



c 



all Christian people ; and if he came with 
such great fury, and with numberless to cover 
all the fields, yet Alexander Priem has shown 
to many Saracens that they were not able to 
fio:ht against him, for his dao-o-er is always 
Priem, being a poinard, which is the name 
of the family, and, as before the cross, has 
slain upon the ground many Turks and 
Saracens." 

The following are the names of the persons of the family of 
Priem that have been in the magistracy of Ypres since the year 
1179, when the first Alexander received his nobility.' 




1179. 


Alexander 


Priem 


1222. 


Leo 




1276. 


Arnauld 




1383. 


Ignatius 




1490. 


William 




1468. 


Paul 




1545. 


Christian 




1554. 


Nicholas 





1567. 




Priem 


1572. 






1581. 






1612. 


George 




1616. 


George 




1620. 


George 




1628. 


George 




1680. 


Robert 





• In a similar account of the early history of the family, as furnished in 
BvrJic'x Histonj of the Commoners of Great Uritain and Ireland, 1838, vol. iv., 
p. 705, it is stated tliafc Alexander Priem "received a patent of gentility and a 
grant of arms." The latter, however, it is believed, were unknown under 
Philip of Alsace ; and, upon enquiry, neither of these documents, if they ever 
existed, appear to be now in the possession of the present representative of this 
family in Eugland. 



Xll PREFACE. 

James do la Piyme, of Naze House, near Kirkham, Lanca- 
shire, went to Ypres, at the close of the hist century, to enquire 
after any of the family — their situation, property, etc. He 
found two persons of the name (which they spelt Piijme). and 
brought back their arms, and a long pedigree from the year 
1100, written in the language of the country. 

In August, 1851, I went with my father and mother to Ypres 
with the same motive. We had obtained an introduction from 
Lord Palmerston to the British embassy, at Brussels, from which 
we procured one to the burgomaster at Ypres, so as to enable us 
to inspect the archives of the city. We found several burgo- 
masters of the name of Priem, not only in the archives, but on 
the monuments in the cathedral. A widow, Madame Rix Priem, 
was living there, who had the same arms as we have, and she in- 
formed us that the ancestor who was the link between us had 
been ignored as a heretic. We also learnt that on the death of 
De la Pierre, the editor of Precis analytique des Archives de la 
Flandre occidejitale, De la Priem, of Bruges, had succeeded him, 
and was eontiiuiing the work, in the first volume of which (in 
1850), mention had been made of the family at Ypres. 

Alexander De la Pryme's descendants embraced the reformed 
religion, and have continued good Huguenots to this day; and 
their assum})tion of the original name shows that in the word 
good they included the word liberal. 

The number of good families that by religious persecution 
was thus lost to France, and gained to England, is very surpris- 
ing. Among them may be mentioned the fimilies of Romilly, 
Lefevre, La Touche, Delafield, Labouchere, De la Pryme, etc. 

The persecution which Richelieu had renewed against the 
adherents of the reformed religion, and the desperate resistance 
of those who were beseiged in Rochelle, in 1627, rendered a 
residence in French-Flanders so insecure and uncomfortable, that 
about eio-hty families fled to Eno-land, and settled in the Levels 
of Hatfield Chase, in Yorkshire, in 1G2S-9. Hatfield is a village 



PREFACE. xiil 

in the nildcllo ot" Ilatfiuld Chase, seven miles eastward of Don- 
caster, in the wcst-ridinf^, and was formerlj a royal village, in 
which the king had a palac-c/ of which De la Pryme says (1G94) 
*' there is part of the palace standing, being an indifferent large 
Lall, with great courts and gardens about the same."'^ 

Charles De la Pryme was the first of the family whose zeal 
induced him to take the sad alternative of sacrificing his country 
to his religion. The De la Prymes, however, retained an estate 
in French-Flanders, which, after the revocation of the« edict of 
Nantes, one of them vainly endeavoured to recover. On settlino- 
in England, he obtained a licence from Charles I. for a religious 
service in the French and Dutch languages, which was celebrated 
in my ancestor's house till the chapel at Sandtoft was erected for 
that purpose ; and the French and Dutch languages were pre- 
served among these emigrants for two or three generations at 
least. Charles, probably from a feeling of persecuted religion, 
changed the family arms, as emigrant dissenters in America did. 
He adopted the coat of a sun upon an azure ground, with the 
crest of a wyvern, on, what has been probably originally intended 
for a rock, or pile of stones, but which, by the mistake or care- 
lessness of sculptors and engravers, has been represented on 
monuments, and on some of our plate, as a pile of books — foliO;, 

■'' Hatfield, for nearly five centuries after the conquest, was subject to the 
feudal superiority of the Earls of Warren, lords of the castle of Conings- 
borough. It was owned by a series of earls till the 20th Edward III., 1346. 
It then came to the crown, and was settled on the princes of the house of 
York. When they ascended the throne, it became demesne of the crown. The 
earls of Warren were accustomed to resort hither for the enjoyment of field 
sports ; and, near the centre of the Chase, at what is now the town of Hatfield, 
they had a house at which they might remain, when, fatigued with their day's 
exertion, they were unwilling to return to Coningsborough. This house, when 
Hatfield became royal demesne, was sometimes dignified with the appellation 
of a palace. But, though occasionally the residence of our kings, it never 
could have been considerable. Leland calls it the Lodge, or Manor Place. In 
this house Queen Philippa was delivered of her second son, surnamed de Hat- 
field. Here, also, was born Henry, eldest son of Richard Duke of York, on 
Friday, 10th February, 1441. — Hunter's South Yorkshire, i., pp. 153-155, 

* See Diaxj, 2'ostea, p. 114, 



XIV PREFACE. 

quarto, octavo, and duodecimo, placed one upon another/ 





Warburton, Somerset Herald,"" who published a quaint map of 
Yorkshire, putting the arms of some of the nobility and gentry 
in the margin, gives among them those of the De la Prymes." 




\J)e ZR^rime] 
These we find also on the old plate, seals, etc., belonging to the 

' On the monument of Peter De la Pryme, 1724, in Hatfield church, the 
crest, formerly placed over the arms, has disappeared, but on the wreath are left 
two of these books, one upon the other. 

"• John Warburton, F.B.A. and F.R.S., born 28th Feb., 1G81-2. Somerset, 
6th June, 1720. Died 11th May, 1759. For the armorial illustrations on his 
Map of Yorkshire, it has been said that he has incurred some reproach, on 
account of having introduced several coats which are of doubtful authority. — 
Himter. Note in Thoreshifs Diary, vol. ii., p. 264. 

The seals here given are copies of two now in the possession of the Rev. 
Edward Ryley, rector of Sarratt, Herts, who is maternally descended from the 
family of De la Pryme. This gentleman is also the owner of a gold and red 
cornelian seal, oval shaped, upon which is represented a female figure, sejant, 
in an attitude of mournful contemplation, her head reclining on her right 
hand, the arm of which rests upon her knee. In the back-ground is a vision of 
a Roman soldier's helmet, shield, and breast-plate. It is said that this was 
engraved for some, or one, of the family refugees, in memory of their expatri- 
ation from fatherland ; and, consequently, a proportionate value is placed upon 
it by those concerned in its history. Judging from its ago and appearance, 
Mr. Ryley considers that it may have once belonged to Abraham De la Pryme, 
the Diarist. 

» In this instance, either Warburton, or his engraver, by mistake, has made 
the field of the arms gules, or red, 



rUEFACE XV 

family, and tliey are placed over the entrance of tlie house at 
Cambridn;e (Trinity Hostel) ; and arc still used by the last des- 
cendant of the family wjio remained at Yprcs, 

The De la Prymes joined with Sir Cornelius Vermuyden, and 
others of their countrymen, in the draining of the great fens in 
the Levels of Hatfield Chase ; and the knowledge they must 
have derived from the similar situation of their native country^ 
rendered them peculiarly fitted for such an undertaking. But, 
either through the disadvantageous terms of the contract," or 
from unexpected obstacles in executing it, although, as our 
Diarist tells us, " for a time they lived like princes, most of them 
were undone, and Charles de la Pryme lost many hundreds of 
pounds by it." Vormuy den's losses were still greater ; and 
losing money not only by the works, but by litigation connected 
with them, it is said that he died in poverty. Abraham De la 
Pryme has done him ample justice in his MS. Tlistory of Hatfield, 
where he says that he, " at the incredible labor a.^d charges of 
400,000/., did discharge and drain Hatfield On^ie, whose name 
deserves a thousand times more to be honorably mentioned and 
revered in all our histories than Scaurus' was in those of Pome, 
for draining a great lake in Italy, not a quarter so big as this." 
Charles De la Pryme left two sons, Matthias, or Matthew, and 
Abraham, the father and uncle of the Diarist. The latter was, 
according to his nephew, " an honest, learned, pious, wise, and 
understanding man,"'' and died in 1687. Matthias was born in 
1645, and married Sarah, daughter of Peter Smagge (or Smaqiie) 
"a rich Frenchman, that, with his whole family, was forced from 
Paris by persecution for his fiith, and was come to live on these 
Levels." They were married in the great hall^ of the Dutch 

♦ Dated 24 May, 1G2G. (Sec Uunter's South Yorhhire, i., p. 160). There 
ifl a copy in Lansdoivne 3ISS., Brit. Mus., 205, f. 193. See also appendix to 
Peck's Isle of Axholme, 1815. 

P Biaij, jwstea, -p. 13. 

1 These words, "great hall," etc., are struck out by the Diarist in the 
original MS. 



XVI PREFACE. 

congregation, called Mynheer Van Valkenburg's/ and came to 
live at Hatfield. In 1680 he removed to Crowtrees Hall, a large 
house on Hatfield Chase, built by Valkenburg, and died in 1694. 
His epitaph, so quaint and characteristic, will be found in the 
Appendix (page 26). 

Matthias had two sons, Abraham, the Diarist, and Peter, 
who, on his elder brother's death, succeeded to the family pro- 
perty, 13th Juno, 1704. Peter married, in 1695, Frances, 
daughter of Francis Wood, of Hatfield Levels, and died 25th 
Kovember, 1724, leaving two sons, Abraham, born in 1697, 
from whom descends the Lancashire branch. 

Francis, born in 1701, as a younger brother, went to reside 
at North Ferriby, seven miles west of Hull, where he became a 
very active and influential magistrate, and was twice mayor, and 
also sheriff in the important year, 1745, "when the town ditches 
had to be cleaned, and the walls repaired and newly strengthened, 
in fear of the Pretender and his army." 

He died 7th July, 1769, leaving an only son, Christopher, 
born in 1739, who married Alice, daughter of George Dinsdale, 
of Nappa Hall, in Wensleydale. Pryme-street, Christopher- 
street, and Alice-street, in Hull, were called after them, as 
George-street has since been called after their son, and Charles- 
street after their grandson ; the sixth street being very appropri- 
ately called Reform-street. Pryme-street, in Manchester, re- 
ceived its name from the Lancashire branch. Christopher died 
in September, 1784, leaving an only child, George, 

Born at Cottingham, 4th August, 1781. 

Admitted at Trinity College, Cambridge, October, 1799. 

Bachelor of Arts, January, 1803. 

Elected Fellow of Trinity, October, 1805. 

Master of Arts, July, 1806. 

Called to the Bar at Lincoln's Lm, November, 1806. 

•■ Not Halhenburg, as printed in JBwke, iv., p. 706. 



FREFACE. XVU 

Married Jane Towuloy Thackeray, August. 1813. 

Elected the Hrst Professor of Political Economy, May, 1828. 

Elected ]\r.P. for Cauibridgo, December, 1832. 

Re-eleetod in two siu^ceeding parliaments. 

Resignetl his scat in parliament at the dissolution in 1841. 

Died 2nd December, 1868,'' at his house, at Wistow, Hun- 
tingdonshire, leaving that best of all inheritances, a good name, 
to his only son, Charles de la Pryme, its present and only repre- 
sentative, by whom a volume, containing The Life and Literary 
Miscellanies of Professor Pryme, is in preparation. '^ Iluliis ille 
bonis flehilis occidit, mdli flebilior qnarn mild.'''' 

Abraham De la Pryme, the Diarist, was born "to all the 
miseries of life"' in 1671. Before he was twelve years old he 
began the " Ephemeris Vitcc ; or, a D'lary of my own Life; contain- 
ing an account, likewise, of the most observable and remarkable 
things that I have taken notice of from my youth up hitherto." 
In this, he says, '' My father can speak Dutch, and my mother 
French, but I nothing yet but English."" This is the only indi- 
cation we have of his early education, which, under such circum- 
stances, must have been the " pursuit of knowledge under 
difficulties." His great eagerness for the acquirement of it 
induced his father to give him the benefit of an university 
education. His father's inclination was in favor of Glasgow 
and Presbyterianism, and. the son's in favor of Candn-idge and 
the church of England, to which, after much persuasion, he was 
fortunately allowed to go. He was admitted a pensioner of St. 
John's College in A[)ril, 1690 ; " and, during his residence there, 
was a contem|)orary of Sir Isaac Newton, who was a Fellow of 
the neighbouring college of Trinity. Of the latter he speaks in 
the D'lary, and of the circumstances connected with which a 
separate notice is appended to this memoir. 

* See notices of him in the Dally News, 5th December, 18G8 ; and the 
Register, for January, 18G9, p. 48. 

* See Diary, joosto/., p. 1. 
" See Diary, postea, p. 4. 

" See Diary, postea, pp. 18-20. C 



XVIU PKEFACE. 

At Cambridge, he did not confine his attention to the ordinary- 
academic studies, but applied himself dilio-eatly to natural history, 
chemistry, and to Avhat was then considered by many a cognate 
subject, magic. Whatever smile this may now create, it was far 
otherwise then ; and even some of the Fellows of the college, if 
not addicted to it, were not disbelievers in it. In the intei'course 
attempted to be held with the other world, by himself and some 
brother students, he frankly confesses his disappointment" that 
" nothing would appear, quamvis omnia rite perada.'^ This frame 
of mind, however, did not last long; and, some time afterwards, 
he very candidly admitted this, and took pains to expose the im- 
probability of prseternatural appearances. It has been wittily 
said, in favor of the theory of gliosis, that appearances were in 
their favor, but not even this could be said of this form of 
demonology. He took his B.A. degree in January, 1693 ; and, 
soon afterwards, holy orders, and obtained the curacy of Brough- 
ton, near Brigg, in Lincolnshire. He entered upon a new course 
of study, suggested by the topographical antiquities of that part 
of the country, into which he made great researches, and of so 
valuable a nature, that the principal of them were published in 
the Pldlosopliical Transactions. 

Havino- exhausted all the materials that this neicrhbourhood 
afforded, he removed to Hatfield in IGOG, with a view of writing 
its history ; and entered into correspondence with the celebrated 
antiquary. Dr. Gale, dean of York. He speaks of it as a much 
more interesting place than we now suppose. It was a true 
"labor of love" to him; and (as he says), he was so " exceed- 
ingly busy in old deeds and charters, which they send me in on 
every side, that I cannot take time to think or write anything 
else." The work, with some other of his MSS., is now in the 
British Museum, though in a somewhat imperfect state.^ 

His antiquarian pursuits did not divert his attention from the 

" See Diary, postca, p. 26. 

* Lansdoyvne, 897-899. See notices in Appendix. 



PREFACE. XIX 

study of natural history, in which ho corresponded with Sir 
Hans Sloane, and others. From his observations on marine 
petrifactions, he attempted to solve the problem of the connexion 
of these phenomena with the deluge, as recorded in Scripture, 
the results of which were also published in the Philosophical 
Transactions. In estimatino: their value as contributions to 
science, we must not think lightly of them because they have 
been superseded by modern discoveries, and more extended 
research, for these subjects were then, as it were, in their 
infancy. Let us remember, as Professor Pryme has so well 
said, "Justice requires us, while we admire the modern super- 
structure, not to forget the merits of those who laid the early 
foundations, or, by unsuccessful attempts, showed what parts of 
them were unsound. They laid the groundwork of what has 
been since done more accurately and completely ; and by narrow- 
ing the limits of conjecture, contributed to the discoveries of 
those Avho might otherwise have been occupied, like them, in ill- 
directed researches, and in deducing erroneous theories." 

In 1698, he was appointed curate and divinity reader of the 
High Church, Hull, whei'c he applied himself with unusual dili- 
gence to methodising the records and antiquities of that town. 
Frost, in his notices of the early history of Hull, thus speaks of 
his labors in that department. " The first attempt to give a 
detached History of Hull was made by the Rev. Abraham de la 
Pryme, M.A., F.R.S., who filled the office of divinity reader in 
the Holy Trinity Church there, between the month of Septem- 
ber, 1698, and the year 1701. Ho was attracted to the place by 
his taste for the study of antiquities, which he hoped to indulge 
by obtaining access to the numerous MSS. and old deeds there 
understood to be deposited. A three years' i-esidence afforded 
him sufficient opportunity, not only to arrange and make a 
copious analytical index of all the ancient records of the corpo- 
ration, but to compile from them a regular and connected detail, 
which has formed the basis and groundwork of all subsequent 



.XX PREFACE. 

accounts and histories of the town. His labours, though evi- 
dently intended for publication, exist yet, in MS. only ; and a 
copy is to be found in the Warburton Collection, among the 
Lansdowne MSS., in the British Museum, in two volumes, folio, 
bearing the following promising title : T/te History, Antiquities, 
and Description of the Town and County of Kingston-upon-Hull, 
etc., collected out of all the Records, Charters, Deeds, Mayors^ 
letters, etc., of the said Town. By A. de la Pry me, Reader and 
Curate of the Church of the Holy Trinity of the said Town. 
—Lansdowne, MSS., in Bibl. Mus. Brit., No. 890-891." 

Such, however, was the labor and difficulty attending these 
studies, that he confesses that he " began to grow somewhat 
weary thereof."^ Although he inherited from his father an 
estate in Lincolnshire, as well as one at Hatfield, which, together 
with his stipend at Hull, procured him a very good income, the 
expensive nature of his studies, and the journies connected with 
them, seem to have crippled his resources. He says, "my zeal 
for old MSS., antiquities, coins, and monuments, almost eats me 
up, so that I cannot prosecute the search of them as I would. 
I am at very great charges in carrying on my studies of antiqui- 
ies, in employing persons at London, Oxford, etc., to search 
records, etc., even to the danger and hazai'd of my own ruin, 
and the casting of myself into great debts and melancholy."' 

In 1701, the Duke of Devonshire gave him the living of 
Thorne," near Hatfield, which enabled him to retire from his 
more laborious duties at Hull. He was also elected a Fellow of 
the Royal Society, which was then an honor of much greater 
distinction than it has since become, and he obtained it at the 
then very early age of thirty. 

He did not, however, live long to enjoy these honors ; and, in 
June, 1704, we meet with the following sad record of his death 

V See Diary, postca, p. 238. 
' See Diavj,j)ostea, p. 236. 
• See DiaiFj, jpostea, p. 245. 



PREFACE. XXI 

in Thoresby\ Diary, vol. i., p. 455 : ''Was much concerned to 
hear of the death of my kind friend Mr. Abraham de hi Pryme, 
minister of Thorne, who, visiting the sick, caught the new dis- 
temper, or fever, which seized him on Wednesday, and ho died 
the Monday after, the 12th inst., in tlie prime of his age." 
Thoresby has preserved some of his letters in his valuable col- 
lection. 

He was buried in Hatfield church, where are the monuments 
of most of the family,^ under a plain gravestone, bearing an in- 
scription, which will be found in the Appendix.'^ 

His death shows him to have been a good man, as well as a 
great scholar. He was a man of high principle and strong 
religious feeling, as well as rrenuine Avarnith of friendship. His 
great simplicity of heart, and singular modesty, may account 
for his never having married ; and his first, and last, and only 
love, Avas literature, to which he seems to have been too much 
wedded to allow the divisum imperium of matrimony. 

Tickell, in the preface to his History of Hull, says that '' Pryme 
was born at Hull.'^ Probably it might be at the time his father, 
Matthew, emigrated from the city of Ypres, in Flanders, pre- 
vious to his settling in the Levels of Hatfield Chase, soon after 
the same was drained by Vermuydcn. This Abraham was some 
time divinity reader to the High Church, Hull, and minister of 
Thorne. I have been able to gather very little respecting the 
life of this respectable person ; but the ample list of works at- 
tached will attract the attention of the anti(piarian, and awaken 
that respect which is due to his labours. He died in the 34th 
year of his age, as appears by the tablet erected to his memory 
in Hatfield church. 

" When Pryme was divinity reader to the Pligh Church, Hull, 
he was employed, by the bench of mayor and aldermen, to 

* See Appendix, p. 2G0. 

• Ibid, p. 2G2. 

"* This is, however, an error, as the Diarist himself tells us that he saw 
born in the Hatfield Levels. — Diary, p. 1. 



XXII PREFACE. 

inspect and arrange tlie ancient records of tlie corporation — a 
task he was, doubtless, well qualified to perform, and which he 
has executed with the greatest dilicrence and attention. From 
these original papers he has made long extracts, which are bound 
up in volumes, and lodged in the Guildhall, with a general index, 
directing us to the originals ; so that any record, previous to the 
period bounded by the present century, may be as readily exam- 
ined here, as an enrolment in one of our register offices." 

Tickell compiled his history principally from the preceding 
papers, which he published in 4to, 1769. He adds : — 

" Two folio MS. volumes of the above extracts were among Mr. 
Warburton's collections concerning Yorkshire, and are now in 
Lord Shelburn's library. — GoiigKs Bntish Topogixiphy, vol, ii., 
p. 447. 

" In the same library are deposited the following MSS. by 
Pryme. 

" History of Rippon, Selby, Doncaster, and the W. Riding. 
1vol. 

" History of Headon and the E. Riding. 1 vol. 

*' History of York and the N. Riding. 1 vol. 

" History of Beverley. 1 vol. 

" History and Antiquities of Winterton, 4to. 1 vol. (A copy, 
as corrected and enlarged by Mr. Warburton, was purchased at 
the sale of his books, in 1859, by Mr. Goodman, coal merchant. 
I have seen two copies of this MS.) 

" History of the Drainage of the Level of Hatfield Chase, 4to. 
1 vol. (There are many copies of this MS. in the country, but 
all of them very imperfect). 

" After Pryme became a member of the Roj^al Society, there 
were many of his papers published in the Transactions, some of 
which are the following : 

" Relation of two Waterspouts observed at Hatfield. 

" On certain Fossil-shells found in Lincolnshire, Louth, 
abridged, vol. ii., p. 428. 



PREFACE. xxiii 

" Oil Trees fouiul underground in Hatfield Chase. Yol. iv., 212. 

'' Experiments on Vegetation. Vol. iv., 310. 

" On Hvdroi)hobia. Vol. v., 366. 

" A Rouuin Pavfiufiit, near Roxby, in Lincolnshire. Vol. v., 
422. 

'' The Roman Way, called High-street, in Lincolnshire. Vol. 
iii., 428. 

'• On the Hermitage at Lindholme, a poem. Printed by T. 
Outybridge." 

Joseph Hunter says of him, "He died before he had the 
opportunity of pouring upon the world the results of a medi- 
tativ^e life, of which it may be truly said that in a short time he 
had fulfilled a long one."" 

Edmund Henry Barker wrote, on returning the MS. Diary 
to my father, "Your relation was a fine specimen of primitive 
honesty and simplicity ; learned himself, and a liberal encourager 
of leaiming; full of generous sympathies and Christian feelings, 
and patriotic sentiments. The whole Diary reflects so much 
honor on himself, that it ought to be published entire; and you 
may be proud of the publication. It contains many curious 
particulars of things and pei'sons ; and men of a right anti- 
quarian spirit will read the book with great relish. I can furnish 
you with many notes by way of garnisli^ or sauce to the meat." 

My father then (April, 1832) meditated the. publication of 
this Diary, tho' not in its entirety ; but, in December, he was 
elected member of parliament for Cambridge, and turned his 
attention to the great political questions which were then occupy- 
ing the public mind, and in which he took a very active part in 
the House of Conmions. Li consequence of this, the publication 
was postponed sine die; but, shortly before his death, in 1868, he 
entrusted it to myself; and the Surtees Society, without any 
previous communication from us, ofiercd to include the Diary in 

South Yorkshire, i., p. 131. 



XXIV PREFACE. 

their series of antiquarian works. I cannot regret this delay, as 
it has led to two great advantages — the publication of the Diary 
almost in its entirety, and the valuable assistance of Mr. Jackson, 
of Doncaster, to whose very great care, attention, and ability, 
this work is so much indebted ; and I trust he will accept this 
hearty and unreserved acknowledgment of his services, the value 
and extent of which no one has better known, or more cordially 
appreciated, than his ever very faithful friend, 

CHARLES DE LA PRYME. 

86, Gloster-place^ Portman-square, . 
London. 



P.S. — In reference to the ilhiess of Sir Isaac Newton, men- 
tioned in the Diary,' the following extract from Sir David 
Brewster's Life of Newton will be interesting. Edinburgh 
edition, 1860. Vol. ii., p. 89. Chapter 17 treats of the illness 
of Sir Isaac in 1692, and Sir David thus speaks of it: — " In the 
autumn of 1692, when Newton had finished his letters on 
Fluxions, he did not enjoy that degree ot health with which he 
had so long been favored. The loss of appetite and want of 
sleep, of which he now complained, and which coBtinued for 
nearly a twelvemonth, could not fail to diminish that mental 
vigor, and that ' consistency of mind ' (as he himself calls it), 
which he had hitherto displayed. How far this ailment may 
have arisen from the disappointment which he experienced in 
the application of his friends for a permanent situation for him, 
we have not the means of ascertaining ; but it is impossible to 
read his letters to Locke, and other letters from his friends, 
without perceiving that a painful impression had been left upon 
Ms mind, as well as upon theirs. The state of his health, however, 
did not unfit him for studies that required, perhaps, more profound 

/ See jJostea, p. 23. 



PREFACE. XXV 

tliought than liis letters on Fluxions and Fluents, for it was at 
the close of 1692, and durinn; the two first months of 1693, that 
he composed his four (Hilct)rat('d letters to Dr. Bentley." 

" The illness of Newton, which increased till the autumn of 
1693, was singularly misrei)vesented by foreign contemporary 
authors, to whom an erroneous account of it had been com- 
municated. During the century and a half which has elapsed 
since that event, it has never been mentioned by any of his 
biographers ; and it was not till 1822 that it was brought before 
the public as a remarkable event in the life of Newton. 

" The celebrated Dutch philosopher, Van Swinden, made the 
following communication to M. Biot, who published it with 
comments, that gave great offence to the friends of Newton : 
' There is among the manuscripts of the celebrated Huygens,' 
says Van Swinden, ' a small journal in folio, in which he used 
to note down different occurrences. It is note no. 8 in the 
catalogue of the library of Leyden, p. 112. The following extract 
is written by Huygens himself, with whose handwriting I am 
well acquainted, having had occasion to peruse several of his 
manuscripts and autograph letters :— ' On the 29th of May, 1694, 
M. Colin, a Scotchman, informed me, that eighteen months ago 
the illustrious geometer, Isaac Newton, had become insane, either 
in consequence of his too intense application to bis studies, or 
from excessive grief at having lost, by fire, his chemical laboratory 
and several manuscripts. When he came to the Archbishop of 
Cambridge,' he made some observations which indicated an 
alienation of mind. He was immediately taken care of by his 
friends, who confined him to his house, and applied remedies, by 
means of which he had now so far recovered his health that he 
began to understand the Principia.' Huygens mentioned this 
circumstance in a letter to Leibnitz, dated 8th June, 1694, m the 
following terms : — ' I do not know if you are acquainted with 

f Archiepiscopus Cantabvigiensis is perhaps a clerical error for Cantuar- 
ensis. 



XXVI PREFACE. 

the accident which has happened to the o;ood Mr. Newton, namely, 
that he has had an attack of phrenitis, which lasted eighteen 
months, and of which they say that his friends have cured him 
by means of remedies, and keeping him shut up.' To which 
Leibnitz replied in a letter, dated the 22nd June : — ' I am veiy 
glad that I received information of the cure of Mr. Newton at 
the same time that I first heard of his illness, which doubtless 
must have been very alarming. It is to men like you and him, 
Sir, that I wish a long life and much health, more than others, 
whose loss, comparatively speaking, would not be so great.' 

" The first publication of the preceding statement produced a 
strong sensation among the friends and admirers of Newton. 
They could not easily believe in the prostration of that intellectual 
strencrth which had unbarred the strono-holds of the universe. 
The unbroken equanimity of Newton's mind, the purity of his 
moral character, his temperate and abstemious life, his ardent and 
unaffected piety, and the weakness of his imaginative powders, all 
indicated a mind which was not likely to be ovex'set by any 
affliction to which it could be exposed. The loss of a few experi- 
mental records could never have disturbed the equilibrium of a 
mind like his. If they were the records of discoveries, the 
discoveries, themselves indestructible, would have been afterwards 
given to the world. If they were merely the details of experi- 
mental results, a little time could have easily re-produced them. 
Had these records contained the first fruits of youthful genius, 
of obscure talent, on which fame had not yet shed its rays, we 
might have supposed that the first blight of early ambition would 
have unsettled the stability of a mind unannealed by the world. 

'' But Newton was satiated with fame. His mightiest disco- 
veries were completed, and diffused over all Europe, and he must 
have felt himself placed on the loftiest pinnacle of earthly ambition. 
The incredulity which such views could not fail to encourage, 
was increased by the novelty of the information. No English 
biographer had ever alluded to such an event. History and 



PREFACE. XXVU 

tradilion were equally silent, and it was not easy to believe that 
the Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at Cambridge, recently a 
member of the Knolish Parliiunent, and the first philosopher and 
mathematician in Euro^x', could have lost his reason without the 
dreadful fact being known to his countrymen. 

" But if the friends of Newton wxTe surprised by the nature of 
the intelligence, they wore distressed at the view which was taken 
of it by foreign philosophei-s. 'The fact,' says M. Biot, 'of 
the derangement of his intellect, whatever may have been the 
cause of it, wdll ex[)lain wliy, after the publication of the Prmcj^za 
in 1G87, Newton, though only forty-five years old, never more 
published a new work on any branch of science, but contented 
himself with giving to the world those which he had composed 
long before that epoch, confining himself to the completion of 
those parts wdiich might require development. We may also 
remark, that even these developments appear always to be derived 
from experiments and observations formerly made, such as the 
additions to the second edition of the Prmcipia, published in 1713, 
the experiments on thick plates, those on diflFraction, and the 
chemical queries placed at the end of the Optics in 1704 ; foi*, in 
giving an account of these experiments, Newton distinctly says, 
that they were taken from ancient manuscripts which he had 
formerly composed ; and he adds, that though he felt the necessity 
of extending them, or rendering them more perfect, he was not 
able to resolve to do this, these matters being no longer in his 
way. Thus it appears that, though he had recovered his health 
sufficiently to understand all his researches, and even in some 
cases to make additions to them, and useful alterations, as appears 
from the second edition of the Prijicipia, for which he kept up 
a very active mathematical correspondence with Mr. Cotes, yet 
he did not wish to undertake new labours in those departments 
of science where he had done so much, and where he so distinctly 
saw what remained to be done.' 

" Under the influence of the same opinion, M. Biot finds ' it 



XXViil PREFACE. 

extremely probable that his dissertation on the scale of heat was 
written before the fire in his laboratory ; ' and he describes 
Newton's conduct about the longitude bill as exhibiting an 
inexplicable timidity of mind, and as ' so puerile for so solemn 
an occasion, that it might lead to the strangest conclusions, 
particularly if we refer it to the fatal accident which befell him 
in 1695/ 

" The illness of Newton was viewed in a light still more painful 
to his friends. It was maintained that he never recovered the 
vigour of his intellect, and that his theological inquiries did not 
commence till after that afflicting epoch of his life. In reply to 
this groundless assertion, it may be sufficient to state, in the 
words of his friend John Craig, that his theological writings 
were composed ' while ' his understanding was in its greatest 
perfection, lest the infidels might pretend that his applying 
himself to the studies of religion was the effect of dotage.' 

" Such having been the consequences of the disclosure of 
Newton's illness by the manuscript of Hnygens, I felt it to 
be a sacred duty to the memory of that great man, and to the 
feelino- of his countrymen, to inquire into the nature and history 
of that indisposition which seems to have been so much misrep- 
resented and misapplied. From the ignorance of so extraordinary 
an event which has prevailed for such a long period in England, 
it might have been urged with some plausibility, that Huygens 
had mistaken the real import of the information that was conveyed 
to him ; or that the person from whom he received it had pro- 
pagated an idle and groundless rumour. But we are fortunately 
not confined to this very reasonable mode of defence. 

" There exists at Cambridge a manuscript journal, written by 
Mr. Abraham de la Pryme, who was a student in the University 
while Newton was a Fellow of Trinity. This manuscript is 
entitled ' Ephemeris Vitce, or Diary of my own Life, containing 
an account likewise of the most observable and remarkable things 
that I have taken notice of from my youth up hitherto.' Mr. 



PREFACE. Xxix 

A. de lal'iyme was born in 1671, and begins the Diary in 1G8'>. 
This manuscript is in the possession of his cohateral decendaut, 
George Pryme, Esq., Professor of Political Economy at Cam- 
bridge/' to whom I have been indebted for the following extract, 
which is given verbatim, and occurs during the period when 
Mr. De la Pryme was a student in St. John's College, Cam- 
bridge : — ' 1692, February 3rd. What I heard to day I must 
relate. Tliere is one Mr. Newton (whom I have, very oft seen), 
Fellow of Trinity College, that is mighty famous forhis Icarninf^ 
being a most excellent mathematician, philosopher, divine, &c. 
He has been Fellow of the Royal Society these many years; and 
amongst other very learned books and tracts he's written one 
upon the mathematical principles of philosophy, which has got him 
a mighty name, he having received, especially from Scothand, 
abundance of congratulatory letters for the same ; but of all the 
books that he ever wrote, there was one of colours and light, 
established upon thousands of experiments, which he had been 
twenty years of making, and which had cost him many hundred 
of pounds. This book, which he valued so much, and Avhich was 
so much talked of, had the ill luck to perish, and be utterly lost, 
just when the learned author was almost at putting a conclusion 
at the same, after his manner : — in a winter's morning leavino^ it 
amongst his other papers, on his study table, whilst he went to 
Chapel, the candle, which he had unfortunately left burning there 
too, catched hold by some means of other papers, and they fired 
the aforesaid book, and utterly consumed it, and several other 
valuable writings ; and, which is most wonderful, did no further 
mischief. But when Mr. Newton came from chapel, and had 
seen what was done, every one thought he would have run mad, 
he was so troubled thereat that he was not himself for a month 
after. A long account of this his system of light and colours you 

* That would be, however, under loan only, as the manuscript was then the 
property of W. J. Bagshawe, esq., of the Oaks, near Sheffield, — See Introduction, 
antea. 



XXX PREFACE. 

may find in the Transactions of the Royal Society, which he had 
sent up to them long before this sad mischance happened unto 

him.'' 

'• The story of the burning of Newton's laboratory and papers, 
as stated by Mr. de la Pryme, has been greatly exaggerated and 
misrepresented, and there can be no doubt that it was entirely 
unconnected with Newton's illness. Mr. Edleston has placed it 
beyond a doubt that the burning of the manuscripts took place 
between 1677 and 1683, and I have found ample confirmation of 
the fact from other sources of information. 

" Dr. H. Newton, as we have seen, tells us that he had heard a 
report that Newton's Optics had been burnt before he wrote his 
Frincipia, and we know that no such accident took place during 
the five years that Dr. Newton lived with him at Cambridge. 
The following memorandum of Mr. Conduitt's, written after 
conversing on the subject with Newton himself, appears to place 
the event at an early period : — ' When he was in the warmest 
pursuit of his discoveries, he, going out, left a candle upon his 
table amongst his papers : he went down into the bowling-green, 
and meeting somebody who diverted him from returning, as he 
intended, the candle set fire to his papers, (and he could never 
recover them). Upon my asking him whether they related to 
his Optics or his Method of Fluxions, he said he believed there 
was some relating to both, and that he was obliged to work them 
all over again.' The version of the burnt papers, in which 
' Diamond ' is made the perpetrator, and in which the scene of 
the story is laid in London, and in Newton's later years, we may 
consign to a note, with the remark of Dr. Humphrey Newton, 
that Sir Isaac never had any communion with dogs or cats. 

• See Diary, postea, p. 23. 

> It should be observed, en passant, that what De la Pryme "relates" in 
his Diary, 3rd February, 1692, is only what he " heai-d today ; " but he appears 
to furnish us with no information as to the time when the accident befel 
Newton's papers by the fire, further than that it occurred " on a winter's morn- 
ing." 



PREFACE. XXXI 

" By means of this extract from Mr. do la Pryme's Diary/ we 
are enabled to fix the latest date of the accident by which Newton 
lost his papers. It ninst have been previous to the Hrd January, 
1692, a month before the date of the extract; Init ii'\vc fix it by 
the dates in lluygens' manuscript, we should phice it about the 
29th Noven-iber, 1G92, eighteen months previous to the con- 
versation between Colin and Huygens. 

" The manner in Avhich Mi\ do la Pryme refers to Newton's 
state of mind is that which is used every day when we speak of 
the loss of tranquillity which arises from the ordinary atHictions 
of life : and the meaning of the passao-e amounts to nothinfr more 
than that Newton was very much troubled by the destruction of 
his papers, and did not recover his serenity, and return to his 
usual occupations, for a month. The very phrase, that every 
person thought he would have run mad, is in itself a proof that 
no such effect was produced ; and whatever degree of indisposition 
may be implied in the phrase, ' he was not himself for a month 
after,' we are entitled to infer that one month was the period of 
its duration, and that previous to the 3rd February, 1(>92, the 
date of Mr. de la Pryme's memorandum, ' Newton was himself 
ao-ain.' These facts and dates cannot be reconciled with those 
in Huygen's manuscript. It appears from that document, that 
so late as May, 1694, Newton had only so far recovered his health 
as to begin to agairi understand the Prlncipia. His sui)posed 
malady, therefore, was in force from the 3rd January, 1602, till 
the month of May, 1694 — a period of more than two years. Now, 
it is a most important circumstance, which M. Biot ought to have 
known, that in tlie very middle of this period, Newton wrote his 
four celebrated letters to Dr. Bentley on the Existence of a Deity,— 
letters which evince a power of thought, and a serenity of mind, 
absolutely incomjiatible even with the slightest obscuration of his 
faculties. No man can peruse these letters without the conviction 
that their author then possessed the full vigour of his reason, and 
was capable of understanding the most profound parts of his 



XXXU PREFACE. 

writino-s. The first of these letters was written on the 10th 
December, 1692; the second on the 17th January, 1693; the 
third on the 11th February, and the fourth on the 25th February, 
1693. His mind was, therefore, strong and vigorous on these 
four occasions : and, as the letters were written at the express 
request of Dr. Bentley, to assist him in preparing his lectures 
for publication, we must consider such a request as showing his 
opinion of the strength and freslmess of his friend's mental 
powers." 

I am happy to be enabled to add that this opinion is enter- 
tained by Sir John Herschell, the Astronomer Royal, and the Rev. 
Dr. Edleston, to whose valuable work on Newton, the memory of 
that great philosopher is so much indebted. 



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and next heir, about 
Jd. lath September, 

John, son of John 
rch, 17-17-8, aged -."J. 
p. lOti ; anil Hunter, 
April, 17J6, guard- 
ork. deceased (from 
Thomas Johnson, of 
n^ surety in bond). 
Kin?ston-upon-Hnll, 
land and houses, of 



3, about half an hour 
er Bosv. My mother 
theT.—Famiti/ Bible. 

il of Hatfield Chace, 



etc., published in 17(j6, were numerous; out many ui tneiu >vcic ui <»ii oojc^,,.^/.,..,,.,. „.....„ . 

His journal is noticed in the CornhiU ila(jazine. May, 18()8, pp. ()Ui-G40. In it he speaks'oF'hig 
'"brother-in-law," and "half brother" (tho" it does not seem that, strictly speaking, he wa* 
either), Christopher Pryme ; to the memory of whom, an allusion, in a " rhymin? " form of words, 
is not of the most complimentary order. He mentions, also, a married '"sister Wright." He died 
on board the Grampus, of which he was commander, otf the coast of Africa, on 17th January, 
17S6. By his will, which was proved in Londc.n in April following, he left £100 to Mary, hig 
" ungrateful wife," in honour preferring doubly, by a bequest of ;e-'(K) and other things, a ce'rtain 
Miss Powell, whom he styles his " faithful compa ion" (probably the "Emma" of the journal). 
His burial is directed to be at St. Giles'-in-the-Fields, near that "glorious, honest citizen, Andrew 
Marvell," whose seal ring he bequeaths. 

p See Burke's Commoners of Great Britain and Ireland, 183S, vol. i., pp. 667-8 : Dictionani of 
Landed Genlru, 1868, p. 114. 

q See pedigree, Gatty"s Hunter's Hallamshire. 1869. p. 449. 

r Baptized at St. Mary's, Sculcoates, Hull, 1769. Oct. 4, Ann Elizabeth, dau. of Mr. Maysoa 
Wright, merchant. 177U, Dec. 1, Francis, sou of ditto.— See Monummlal Inscription in Hattield 
Church. 

•I .See biographical account of him in The Refjisti-r.Jmnnry, 1869, page4S. Also" Au'obiorjraphi* 
Recollections of George Pryme, Esq., etc. Edited by his daughter." Cambridge, Deightan and BelL 
1870. The Times, August -Jjth, 1870. 



nd next heir, about 
. IStti September, 

John, son of John 
h, 1747-8, asred-J'J. 
. lOti ; and Hunter, 
Lpril, 1746, guard- 
•k. deceased (from 
lomas Johnson, of 
f surety in bond). 
in?ston-upon-Hall, 
id and houses, of 



about half an hour 
Bosv. My mother 
\&c.— Family Bible. 

of Hatfield Chace, 



etc., published in 1706, were numerous; out many ui tiiem >vcic ui an v.ujcx,u..^.in„..,. ^,.,..„^.„.. 
His journal is noticed in the Cornhill Mayazuie. May, 1 8b8, pfi. 1)1(1-640. In it lie speaks of his 
'• brother-in-law," and "half brother" (tlio' it does not seem that, strictly speakin?, he uaa 
either), Christopher Pryme ; to the memory of whom, an allusion, in a " rhymiii? " form of words, 
is not of the most complimentary order. He mentions, also, a married "sister Wright." He died 
on board the Grampus, of which he was commander, off the coast of Africa, on 17th January, 
17S6. By his will, which was proved in Londi.n in April following, he left £100 to Marv, hi3 
" ungrateful wife," in honour preferring doubly, by a bequest of £-.>00 and other things, a certain 
Miss Powell, whom he styles his " faithful compa ion" (probably the "Emma" of the journal). 
His burial is directed to be at St. Giles' -in-the-Fields, near that "glorious, honest citizen, Andrew 
Marvell," whose seal ring he bequeaths. 

p See Buries Commoners of Great Britain and Ireland, 1836, vol. i., pp. 667-8 : Dictionanj of 
Landed Gentru, 1868, p. 1 U. 

7 See pedigree, Gatty's Hunter's ffallams/tire. \B&9. p. i-19. 

r Baptized at St. Mary's, Sculcoates, Hull. 1769. Oct. 4, Ann Elizabeth, dau. of Mr. Maysoa 
Wright, merchant. 1770, Dec. 1, Francis, sou of ditto.— See Monumental Jnsa-iption in Hattield 
Ckun/i. 

■■I See biographical account of him in 77i<; /Je(7i5?(>r,Jaiiuai-y, 1869, page 48. Also-' Au'obiotjrap/ii* 
RecoUevtinns of George Pryme, Esq., etc. Edited by his daughter." Cambridge, Deighton and BelL 
1S7U. The Times, August -'ath, 1870. 



EriIEMERIS VITJl 



ABEAHAMI PEYME, 



OR, 



A DIAEY OF MY OWN LIFE. 



CONTAINING AN ACCOUNT, LIKEWISE, 

OF THE MOST OBSERVABLE AND REMARKABLE THINGS THAT 

I HAVE TAKEN NOTICE OF FROM MY 

YOUTH UP, HITHERTO. 



ECCL 



Vaniti/ of vanitys. All is vanity cmd vexation of spirit. 

Man's life is but a vain thing, and a series of evils. Teach us 
then, Lord, so to ymmber our days, that we may obtain everlasting 
bli'Ss in thyne eternal kingdome. 



A DIARY OF MY OWX LIFE, CONTAINING 
AN ACCOUNT OF THE xMOST CONSIDER- 
ABLE THINGS THAT HAVE HAPPEN'D 
THEREIN. 



My father, whose name was Mathias Pryme, was the son of 
Charles Pryme, my grandfather ; he was one of those that came 
over in king Charles the First days from Flandei's, from a citty 
called Eper[Ypres], upon the draining of the great fens in the 
Levels of Hatfield Chace ;" but they were most of them undon by 
their great undertalcing, as my grandfather lost many hundred of 
pounds by it. 

My father being grown up to man's estate* marryd Sara the 
daughter of Mr. Peter Smaggc, who was a rich Frenchman, 
that with his whole family was forced from Paris by persecusion 
for his faith, and was comed to live also on these Levels. 

They were marryed April 3rd, in the year 1670, in the Dutch 
congregation in the chappie at Santoft f for these foiTeigners 
had divine service there for many years together, before their 
chappel was built at Santoft. 

I was the first born, and was born the 15 of January, in the 
year 1671'^ (to all the miserys of life) at a house about the middle 
of the Levels, about the middle way on the high road side on the 
left hand as you come straight from the Isle of Axholme, or 
Haxyhom, from Epworth to the little neat town of Hathld in 
Yorkshire, in which parish and which county I was born. 

" For an account of the general history of the Level of Hatfield Chace, 
its drainage, etc., see Hunter's South Torkshlrc, vol. i. pp. 150-197. 

* My father .was born the 31 of Aug., 1645. My mother, 17 of Nov., 1649.— 
Marginal note iy diarist. 

' Sandtoft is a hamlet in the parish of Bclton, which is in Lincolnshire, 
but close to the borders of the county of York. When Sir Cornelius Vermuy- 
B 



THE DIARY OF 



My father can speak Dutch and my mother French, but I 
nothing yet but Inghsh. 



1680. 

I can remember very little observable before I was ten or 
eleven years old, onely my going to school and such. But in 1680 
my father shifted dwelling, and went and lived at an old great larg 

den took a grant of the Manor and Chace of Hatfield, he had the privilege 
awarded him of erecting a place for religious worship, where the Dutch and 
French settlers on the Levels might assemble to hear divine service performed 
in a foreign tongue. In 1634 a chapel was erected at this place, which was 
probably chosen as being centrical to the whole drainage. It was built by one 
Isaac Bedloe, a merchant, and, many years after, he had not received the money 
stipulated to be paid him. In 1650 the chapel was much defaced and injured 
by rioters who assembled to resist the sheriff in the execution of legal pro- 
cesses connected with the drainage. The noted fanatic, Col. John Lilburn, who 
came to reside here, is said to have employed the chapel as a stable or baiTi. 
Mr. Hunter, when he wrote in or about 1828, mentions that the register of the 
chapel had been carefully kept from 1641 to 1681, and was then or then lately 
in existence. He gives from it what he terms " a pretty complete list " of the 
names of the foreign settlers. Much enquiry has been from time to time since 
made for this register, but it is supposed to be now lost or destroyed. The 
following ministers occur. M. Berchett. He died 18 April, 1G55, and was 
buried at Crowle. Phillip Castell, " Nantices, Franc, in Gallia," buried at Hat- 
field, 5 Sept., 1655. Johnston has a notice of the inscription over his place of 
interment, in the south aisle of the chancel. Jean Deckerhuel was minister in 
1659. M. de la Prix. Samuel Lamber was here in 1664. .Jaques de la Porte 
was minister in 1676. John Conrad de Werneley, or Werndley, was minister in 
1681. He had no successor, it is said, and the chapel itself did not long .survive 
the ministers. It was taken down, and cattle grazed upon its site. — Hunter, 
S. Y.. i. 165, 169, 170. Mr. W. 0. Chatburn, of Sandtoft, has in his possession 
an oak post, which is said to have belonged to the chapel. Mr. James Dunder- 
dale, of Tiverton Lodge, Cheetham Hill, Manchester, is the owner of a large Bible, 
with the Gospels, one foot three-and-a-half inches by ten inches in size, having 
an engraved frontispiece, and entitled La Sainte Bible Interpretcc par lean Dio- 
dartl. Imprimee a Geneve, M.D.C.XLiili. It is bound in brown calf leather, and 
fastened with two embossed brass clasps. This book is traditionally said to be 
the one which was used in the services of the chapel at Sandtoft, and has been 
handed down through the family of Le Leu, or Le Lew, from whom, I am in- 
formed, Mr. Dunderdale is descended. In the fly leaf is written, Appartient d 
Pierze le Leu ; and in several places occur the dates of births, marriages and 
deaths of that family. To me, however, it scarcely presents the idea of having 
done the hard work of a public church book. Mr. Werneley published in 1693 
a book under the following title : — " Liturgia Tigurina : or. The Book of Com- 
mon Prayers, and Administration of the Sacraments, and other Ecclesiastical 
Rites and Ceremonies, usually practised and solemnly performed in all the 
Churches and Chappels of the City and Canton of Zurick in Switzerland, and 
in some other adjacent countries ; as by their Canons and Ecclesiastical Law.s 
they are appointed ; and as by the Supreme Power of the Right Honourable 
the Senate of Zurick they are authorised, established, and commanded, with 
the Order of that Church. Faithfully translated out of the Helvetian into the 
English tongue, by John Conrad Werndly, formerly Minister of the French and 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYJIE. 5 

hall in the Levels, which was built by Mijn Heer Van Valkcn- 
burg/ one of the great drainers of the country ; and took two 
hundred akers of land belonging thereto, for which he payd above 
one huiidnNl pound a year, and Ave live now of that hall yet. 
It had stood eni[>(y a long while by reason of the great distur- 
bancys that liad been there by spirits and witches, of whonio 
there are many dreadfuU long tales; but however we have not 
this five or six years, that we have lived here, heard or seen any- 
thing more than ordinary. 



1683. 

In 1683 a memorable thing happend at our house relating to 
the long abstinence in live creatures. The thing is this. Esquir[e] 

Dutch Congregation of SandtofE, in the Isle of Axholme, in the County of 
Lincoln : and now Minister of Wraisbury-cum-Langley, in the County of 
Bucks. London : printed for D. Newman, R. Baldwin, J. Dunton. 1G93." 
The Book has the hnpriviatur of the bishops of London, Lichfield and Coventry, 
Bangor, Norwich, Chichester, and Peterborough. 

'^ See Genealogical Notices in appendix. 

' When the drainage of the Level of Hatfield Chace was undertaken by 
Cornelius Vermuyden, the celebrated Dutch Engineer, in 1G2G, his own capital 
being unequal to the design, he was supported by many of his countrymen who 
came over and settled in and about the neighbourhood of the works ; amongst 
them were the Valkenburghs, who took a principal share and acted a prominent 
part in the direction. Three brothers of the name, viz., Matthew, Mark, and 
Luke, came hither as residents. They appear to have held a large stake in the 
concern. It is shewn from The original MS. Boke of Accounts of the partici- 
2)a.nts of the dyckaqe of Haitfield chace of several taxes and aseasments hy 
then laide sints 1628 vntill 1634, in the possesion of Mr. Peacock, that the 
Van Valkenburg family possessed 3204 acres on these Levels ; Luke is returned 
as possessing 1247 acres, Mark 1146, and Matthew 811. 

Matthew Van Valkenburgh occurs as a commissioner of sewers at a court 
held at Epworth, co. Lincoln, in 1635. 

On the 22 Jan., 1638-0, Sampson Marples was fined £10 for serving a king's 
letter on Mr. Valkenburgh, one of the commissioners of sewers, during the 
sessions of sewers, and was committed till he paid the money. 

In 1636 Matthew married Isabella Eyre, daughter of Anthony and sister of 
Sir Gervas Eyre, of Rampton, Notts. He built a large house on the Middle 
Ing, on which he resided. In the very interesting volume of " Depositions 
from the Castle of York," published by this Society in 1861, we have (pp. 12 
and 13) an account of a riot that occurred on the 11th Oct., 1648, in which one 
Robert Kay, a Doncaster gentleman, was charged before the justices of peace 
with having come to the house at "Midlins" with sixteen or eighteen men, in a 
warlike manner, with muskets and swords drawn, and broken open the out gate 
and four other doors, committing various outrages, terminating in Mr. Matthew 
Valkenburgh being forcibly taken from his house for a quarter of a mile. 
Again, on the other hand, at page 174, we have notices of indictments being 
preferred, in 16.57 and 16G1, against Mark Van Valkenburgh, of Hatfield, Esq., 
and others, for taking horses away from their owners, probably for distresses 



6 THE DIARY OF 

Ramsden'^ sending from Hatfield to our house to desire us to send 
him half a score or a dozen of hens and cocks, he being to have 
some strangers, it being then about the middle of Christmas. 
So accordingly they were gotten up, but he sending word that 
his strangers did not come, so that he had no need of them, they 
were ordered to be turned out ; but through carelessness of the 
servant they were not, nor was any more thought of, till about ten 
days after, one [going] into that low vault or little [place where] 

they were, found them, and they and had not 

had anything to eat [all that] time, but being fat before, they 
were now poor ; but being turned out into the fould they all lived. 

1684. 
In this year, in Feb[ruary],? dyed King Charles the Second, 

for drainage " scots " or rates. So unpopular was the scheme of the drainage, 
that these acts of violence and disorder were neither few nor trifling. In the 
Court of Pleas, at Doncaster, 6 Sept., ]649, an action was brought by John 
Noades, gent., against Mark Van Valkenburgh, for having on the 7th May previ- 
ously, at Doncaster, publicly spoken of him these " falsa, ficta, scandalosa, et 
opprobriosa verba," viz., " you are a thief," to his damage of £50. The jury 
gave a verdict for the plaintiff for £6 13s. 4d., and ccsts £2 12s. 8d., making 
£9 6s. Od. By patent, 26 July, 1642, Matthew Van Valkenburgh was created a 
baronet, and in April, 1644, he died. His widow lived only to Nov. following, 
being then buried at Hatfield, with the addition of " Heroina" to her name in 
the register. Probably her courage had been not unfrequently put to the proof 
in defence of the great house on the Middle Ing. 

/ John Eamsden, Esq., son of Wm. Ramsden, a merchant of Hull, by a 
sister of Sir John Boynton, of Rawcliff. He built himself a handsome house 
at Norton, was a justice of the peace, deputy lieutenant, and member of parlia- 
ment for Hull. Died 26 March, 1718, aged 61, and was bur. at Campsal. By 
Catherine, his wife, dau. of John, Viscount Downe, of Cowick (who d. 20 May, 
1737, and was bur. in St. Martin's, Coney-street, York), he had William Rams- 
den, of Norton, Esq., bap. at Hatfield, 26 Jany., 1683-4, but died before his 
father, 8 June, 1717, tet. 34, and was bur. at Campsal. Dorothy bp. at Hatfield, 
1st, and there bur. 4 Sep., 1682. Elizabeth, bap. at H. 9 Oct., 1687, nv. to Richd. 
Roundell, Esq., of Hutton Wansdley. Ann, bap. 22 Aug., 1689, and bur. at Hat- 
field, 15 Feb., 1689-90. The wife of Wm. Ramsden, the son and heir, was 
Mary, d. and c. of Robert Robinson, Esq., of Folkerby, co. York. She d. 5 
Ap., 1745. The Norton Estate was settled on Mrs. Mary Ramsden on her 
marriage, and she purchased the fee simple. She also succeeded to her father's 
estate at Folkerby. Both these estates she gave to trustees, for making ad- 
ditional buildings, and the support of six fellows and ten scholars at Catherine 
Hall Cambridge. She directed that they should be called Skern's fel- 
lows and scholars, out of regard to the memory of her kinsman Robert 
Skern, who had heretofore been a benefactor to the same college ; and 
that natives of Yorkshire and Lincolnshire should have the preference.-^See 
Hunter's S* Y., ii. 470, 473. Richard Ramsden signs the register 1604 as 
minister'in sacris. He was bur. 3 March, 1628-9. Two of his children occur as 
baptized there, Henry, born 11 and bap. 14 Nov., 1606. Mauleverer, bp. 28 Oct., 
1610. Matthew Appleyard, Esq., and Mrs. Grace Eamsden were married at 
Hatfield 30 May, 1682. 

t Charles 11. died G Feb., 1685. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 7 

of a disease they call an appoplexy, as they say. He is mightily 
lamented by every one, as well by his enemies as friends ; and 
[I] heai-d a gentleman say that came from London, that the citty 
was in tears, and most of the towns through which he came. 
Yet perhaps it may bo that they wept not so much for the love 
they bore to him, as for fear tliat his brother who now reigns 
should be worse than he. Good God, prevent it ! 

1685. 

This Easter I went with some relations to see Hull. I did 
not tak much notice of things as I went, because that we rid 
pretty fast. The chief towns that we went thro' were Howden, 
etc. Howden is a very pretty town, there being many fine 
houses in it, and a pretty church. They say there [is a] mart 
kept there, etc. From thence we went many a long tedious mile 
over the Avoulds to Beverley, which is a larg delicate town 
indeed. There we stayed a day or two. The minster is a fine 
curius building, and there we saw several old monuments and 
inscriptions which [I] could not read ; and from thence we went 
to Hull, where we saw most of the raritys. 

\^At this point three pages are xvanting iri the MS., viz., 4, 5, 6.] 

1686. 

This year (1686) I had leeve given me to go visite some of 
our relations about York, by which means I got a sight of that 
famous tho' not very fine citty. The minster, I believe, is the 
biggest building in England, carrying with it in the inside a very 
majestick and awfull presence. 'Tis adorn'd within, especially 
in that side about the chappel, with a great many rich and costly 
statues and funeral monuments of those prelates and noblemen 
that have been buried there. The front of the chappel is adorn'd 
with the statues of a great many of the Saxon and other kings, if 
my memory faill me not. Up and down in the citty there is a 
great many reliques of famous and noble houses, but especialy 
there is one in the chappel yard which has been a prodigious larg 
one with delicate fine gardens, fountains, etc., and statues, seven 
or eight of which last (being some of the Roman emperors) are 
yet standing, tho' much consumed by time.'^ 

* The house to which De la Pryrae alludes is that of the family of Ingram, 
on the north side of the minster, which was one of the siglits of York. The 
chapel is that of St. Sepulchre, on the same side, which is now destroyed. 



8 THE DIARY OF 

The camp at Hiinslow Heath. This camp is ill resented all 
over, and everyone says that a standing army will be England's 
ruin. 

There is great dissentions amongst them ; for the papist Irish 
and the protestant officers are commonly striveing for superiority. 

The Dutch have picter'd the army here, and K[ing Jiames] at 
the head of them, shooting at butterflies in the air, which has 
given great offence to the king and court. 

Being reading this day a book entitled " The Countess of 
Kent's receipts," I asked my aunt Prym, who is an ingenious 
woman, who this countess was, etc. Shee answer'd me that 
when shee, my aunt, lived in London, she lived just over against 
her, and knew her very well. She sayd that the countess was a 
widdow and never had a child in her life : that she was an ex- 
ceeding good charitable woman, and that she spent twenty 
thousand pound a year yearly in physick, receipts, and experi- 
ments, and in charity towards the poor. Shee caused every 
other day a huge dinner to be got, and all the poor people might 
come that would, and that which spared they took home with 
them. My aunt says shee has seen the poor at her tables several 
times. Sometimes there would have been sixty, sometimes eighty, 
sometimes more, sometimes less. And shee sent vast quantitys 
of meat out to those that could not come. She would oft go to 
the houses of the poor, and visit them and dress their soars with 
her own hands ; and shee distributed a vast deal in money her- 
self yearly to all those that stood in need. Yet for all this, as I 
have since heard, lived in common whoredom with the famous 
Selden, who she entertained as her gallant.' 

' It is but an act of ordinary justice to the character of the noble lady 
whom the diarist has named in the text, to mention that the story to which he 
refers, whether true or false, does not, at all events, or in any way, relate to 
licr. The " good Countess of Kent," so called from her deeds of charity and 
hospitality, was Amabel, the second wife of Henry Grey, tenth Earl of Kent 
(who died 1651), daughter of Sir Anthony Benn, Recorder of London, and 
widow of the Hon. Anthony Fane. She lived to be 92 years of age, surviving 
her husband forty-seven years, and dying 17 Aug., 1698. But the " Countess of 
Kent " who was the real subject of the evil report, was an earlier lady, viz., 
Elizabeth, second dau. and co-lieir of Gilbert Talbot, Earl of Shrewsbury, and 
wife of Henry Grey, eighth Earl of Kent. The latter nobleman died in 1639, 
without issue, when the title passed to his cousin, Anthony Grey, ninth Earl, 
the father of Henry the tenth Earl, husband of the -'Good (Jountess " aforesaid. 
Elizabeth Talbot was born in or about 1581, and died 7 Dec. 1651, aged 70. John 
Selden, who is here (let u.s hope) so unjustly brought under our notice, was the 
famous patriot and lawyer. He was born at Salvington, near Tarring, co. Sussex. 
His baptism occurs at the latter place in 1584-5 — "John Selden, the sonne of 
John Selden the minstrell, was baptized the xxth day of January." For the 
life and history of this truly eiui)ieut man, the reader must be referred to 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 9 

This 25,^ Mr. Reading-'" being new come from London, was 
at my father's. I heard him sav that he saw Oats that discovered 
the popeish plot whipt according to his condemnation, most 
miserably; and as he was haild up the streets the multitude 
would much_ pitty him, and would cry to the hanrrsman or he 
whose office it was to whipp him, " Enouo-h ! Enou'crh f Strike 
easily ! Enough ! " etc. To whom Mr. Oats replyd,°turnincr his 
[head] cheerfully behind him, '•' Not enough, good people'^ for 
the truth, not enough ! " o ^ o F i , ^ 

_Mr. Woodcock, of this town, being lately come from the 
assizes at York, sayd before some gentlemen that he heard some 
Londoners say that judge Hayles did formerly say of my lord 
JeffnesVwhen he was onely . . . .) that he never saw a 
man m his life have more impudence and less law. This Encrland 
knows since to be very true. ° 

^ This judge is reckon'd to be a very impudent, rawmint,^ con- 
ceited fellow. " °' 

It happen'd once that he was judging a cause in the country 
and having heard much, and laughed much, and abused the 
cause and witnesses, as he commonly dos, he sees another witness 
coming in, a grave old white-headed fellow, "Ho ! Ho ! come 
old gray-headed father," (says he) "What say you to this?" 
And, as he was declaring what he knew, " Pish ! pish ! (says 
Jeffries to him) " Old father gray-beard, you talk you know not 
what ; you tell what you know herein, and all you know is not 

worth a , much knowledge has made you madd." " No 

no, my lord, much knowledge has not made me madd, but too 

Wood's Athena; Oxon., etc. Educated for the profession of the law Mr Sel- 
den appears to have been employed as solicitor or legal steward to the Earl of 
Kent, the husband of Elizabeth (Talbot) above mentioned, with both of whom 
he was necessarily much associated, and lived for many years in the strictest 
degree of friendship. John Aubrey, the Wiltshire Antiquary, a great collector 
of the rumours of the day, has not omitted to notice that which°De la Prvme 
had heard as to the countess and Selden. The general character furnished to 
us of Selden is that he possessed principles of the purest and noblest order 
and that he was moreover a resolved, serious Christian. It is difficult at this 
day, in the absence of any positive testimony, to believe that he was likely to 
be a party to any shameful intrigue like that suggested. Selden died 30 Nov 
1654, at the Friary House, in Whitefriars, London, which, amongst other pro- 
perty, he possessed as devisee of the countess, who, by her will dated ''0 June 
1649, and proved 12th Dec, 1651, appointed him her executor and residuary 
legatee. ■' 

J Nathaniel Reading, de quo vide Hunter's S.Y., i. p. 167. 

* A half-length portrait, which is said to be of this notorious judcre is in 
the possession of the Rev. F. W. Waite, vicar of Crowle, Lincolnshire" 'but as 
it bears a date which is read as 1615, there would seem to be a mistake some- 
where. 



10 THE DIARY OF 

little has made you a fool," sayd the fellow again. So they were 
all fit to 00 together by the ears; but the man got him gon, and 
whether the judge ever remembered him for it I do not know, 
only this I know, that they on whose sid the old man was lost the 
cause. 

The Irish soldiers that are come over are the rudest felloAvs 
that ever was seen, and talks nothing but of killing and destroy- 
ino; all the hereticks, and dividing their lands and goods amongst 
them. 

This year was published an order against bonfires and fire- 
works upon any account whatever. The vulgar and every one 
soon perceived what it drove at, viz., the hindering of rejoic- 
ino-s and sports on gunpowder treason night. Therefore, that 
nevertheless they might not loose the priviledge of haveing some 
merriment, and of shewing their abhorrence of popery, they 
invented illuminations; that is every house, when that night 
came, set all their windows as full of candles as ever they could 
hold in all the great towns in England, which caused a most 
delicate spectacle. 

1687. 

In the year 1G87 there were several memorable things hap- 
pen'd wln'ch we cannot but take notice off. Of the 28th of April 
it rained wheat in great abundance at Lincoln and the towns 
adjacent, several granes of which were sent as miraculous and. 
prodigious presents to several gentlemen about us.' 

' This was not the first time such a phenomenon is said to have been wit- 
nessed in Lincolnshire, as the following extract from Bloberf] J3lvrton's'} 
Arlmirahle Curiosities, Barities, and Wonders, in England, Scotland, and 
Ireland {second ed., p. 139), will show:— "About April 26, 1661, in Lincoln- 
shire, it rained wheat, some grains whereof, were very tliin and hollow, but 
others of a more firm substance, and would grind into fine flower (sic.) Several 
pecks of this were taken out of church leads, and other houses that 
were leaded. Several inliabitants who were eye-witnesses brought up a con- 
siderable quantity to London." Thoresby, in his Diary I., p. 85, says, that on 
the 11th June, 1681, in his"cousin Fenton's best chamber, I gathered some of the 
corn that was'rained down the chimney upon the Lord's-day seven night, when 
it likewise rained plentifully of the like upon Hedingly-Moor, as was confi- 
dently reported ; but those I gathered with my own hands from the white 
hearth, which was stained with drops of blue where it had fallen, for it is of a pale 
red or a kind of sky colour, is pretty, and tastes like common wheat, of which 
I have one hundred corns. What it may signify, and whether it doth proceed 
from natural causes (of which some may be prescribed) or preternatural, such 
an ignorant creature as I am cannot aver."— Mrs. Loudon, in her British Wild 
Flowers, says :— " The seeds of ivy when deprived of the pulpy matter which 
surrounds them, bear considerable resemblance to grains of wheat ; and hence 
the numbers which are sometimes found lying about are supposed to have given 
rise to the stories of wheat being rained from the clouds, which were once so 
popular.— P. 185, as quoted in Notes and Queries ; 2nd s. vol. ii. p. 335." 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRTME. " H 

• M* ^S"''.^ markate town about nine miles of us, was calved 
of ^;{,^°"7^"g \-lf -ith two heads. And at Fish kke no far 
nLr fifr' T"f '°r' ^^''^ ^^"^^ "P t^^^^^o i° the river 

;:r;of::^th:^£; o^^hi^h^ Tat '-^'^ - '- -' ^ ^^-' -^ ^ 

the^^of^^^^^^^^^^ 

those strange ^vorks of nature called spouts, or rather hum'canes 
It immediately filled ^e air with great black clouds, as iTbserved 
day over day And I observed that some moVed from this 
quarter, some from that, so that they meeting in the Siddle 
created a g;;eat arcumgiration or whirhng, which made a no^e 
somewhat hke the motion of a miJstonf' Ever and anon it 
darted down out of tself a long spout, in which I observed a 
"er t met wi?h ?/^"T' ^^^^^^^-^m'd [to] screw up what! 
bend blp t. 1 A ''^?^^ ''''•'' ^ ^°^" ^^ ^^^«' «"d made them 

bend 1 ke hazel wands ; then it came to a great barn, and catch- 

r£lf f^" *^P '^.T°^' P^"^^'^ ^" *1^^ thatch the'reofF iilL 
twmk mg of an eye, fiUmg the whole air therewith. Thence it 
^vent to a great oak tree, and falling upon one of the branches 
broke a huge branch thereof, and flung it a great way of of the 
same m a mmmt Then it came exactly over that part of Hat- 
held town Mhere I then was, so that I easily beheld the circum- 
gjration of the clouds and the whirling noise that they mX 
Thence it ^^nt about half mile further, and then dissolved. The 

Tnd a half ''°'^' ^^ '^ *'^^^^'^ °^'" ^^^ ^^«"* ^ ^^^^ 

Ho ! brave lihe queen's with child. Fine sport indeed ! Is 
It not an abuse to God to say one thing and think another, for no 
one scarce believes that she is realy with bam ? Is fitl not like 
a sin m us to thank God for a thing under the name [A uLslnt 

to her tl at that holy thing that shall be born of her shall be a 
son. ^They say likewise that the pope has sent her the Virgin 
Mary s smok, and hallowed bairn cloaths." ^ 

is Alur]b Kwi! ^""^ ^ t^!^ '°™^ gentlemen say that the king 

Lf .^ t A- "^l"^^ thejesuite, and that he dos anything 

that they bid him. This year, he says, there was great praverf 

and fastings, and pennancys amongst them, for the souls of all 

■• This blasphemons and ridiculous dodrptibp i'p t»,.,-„+^-:) _ i . , 
yrh^tv^^ the vox poj^h on this ^cZgt^pic ^ merely to show 



12 THE DIARY OF 

the royal hereticks fviz., the past protestant kings of EngQand]), 
and after much to do they got King Edw[ard] the Sixth, and King 
Charles the First, and King Charles the Second, out of purgatory ; as 
they reported in their sermons ; but as for Queen Eliz[abeth] and 
K[ing] Jam[es] the First, they were so fast in hell that there was 
no moving of them. God forgive them ! I mean these fools, and 
grant that they never come there. It seems that they are so fool- 
ish as to think that they can thus impose upon us. 



1687. 

Towards the end of this year there happened a great inunda- 
tion in the Levels by means of the much rains that fell, and the 
high tides, which increased the waters so that they broke the 
banks and drownded the country for a vast many miles about. 
My father and every one in general that dwell there lost very 
considerably in their winter corn ; besides the great expences 
they were put to by boating their chattel to the hills and firm lands, 
with the trouble of keeping them there two or three months. I have 
been several times upon these banks (which are about three yards 
in hight) when the water of one side has been full to the very tops, 
and nothing appeard of one side but a terrable tempestuous sea. 
The water remains about half a week, and sometimes a week at its 
full height, whose motions some hundreds of people are watching 
night and day. But if it chance to be so strong as to drive away 
before it, as it often dos, any quantity of any of the banks, then 
it drownds all before it, and makes a noise by its. fall which is 
heard many miles afore they perceive the water. And in the 
place where it precipitates it self down it makes apond,orhugepitt, 
sometimes one hundred yards about, and a vast depth, so that in 
that place, it being impossible for the bank to be built again, they 
all always build it half round about the same. Many of which pitts 
and banks so built may be seen beyond Thorn, a mai'kate town a 
little of of my town of Hatfield, etc." 

July the 20. God be thankt, the bishops are deliverd out 
of prison and are clear'd, and people at London shew the greatest 
joy that ever was, and the soldiers at Hunsley heath are so gladd 
of it they know not what or how to shew it. They tost up their 

• Quoted in a note p. 116 of the Hist. Isle of Axholme, 1839, by the Rev. 
(afterwards Dr.) W. B. Stonehouse, who in every instance where he alludes to 
our diarist invariably writes the name Prymne. 



ABRAHAM DE LA FKYilE. 13 

hats into the air, and made loud huzzahs for two houers together. 
Now our eyes begin to be open'd, and everyone sees that we are 
yet in danger of our hves and rehglon. God defend us and take 
both or none ! 

Ju. 23. My uncle and godfather Prym" is dead. He was an 
honest, learned, pious, wise, and understanding man. 

God knows Avhat will become of poor England. All the land 
quakes for fear ! never a day passes but one or other is asking 
concerning the French they ruin us all with, for the Jesuits and 
papists here bear all down before them, and many have been 
heard to say that they expect to wash their hands in heretick's 
blood before next Christm[as]. God prevent it, for his great 
mercy's sake ! 

This day I observed at Mr. Hatfield's'' a dunghill cock with a 
cock's spur growing upon his head like a little thorn. The way 
they do such things is this : — at the same minute they kill one 
cock they immediately cutt of one of his spurs, which they then 
clap upon another young cock's head that has just in that sayd 
minute also had his comb cut off. Then they tye it well on, and 
so it remains growing. The consideration of this made me reflect 
upon the story of Taliacocius's engrafting of one man's nose upon 
another's face, etc.^ 

Abraham de la Pryme, died 23 July 1687. See Pedigree. 

P John Hatfeild, the 3rd son of Ralph Hatfeild of Laughton-en-le-Morthing, 
CO. York, gent, (of whom and his ancestry see Hunters S. F., i. pp. 178, 290, 291), 
■was a captain in the Parliament Army. Soon after the civil wars he seated 
himself at Hatfield. Married 1 June, 1652, Frances, d. of Thomas Westby, Esq., 
of Ravenfield. She died 2 Sept., 1693, aged 62. Capt. H. died 28 Dec, 1694, 
aged 72. There is a monument for them in Hatfield Church, erected by their 
eldest son John Hatfeild, Esq., barrister-at-law, who died in 1720, aged 61. The 
great granddau. of this latter gentleman, Ann, became the wife of Wm. Gossip. 
Esq., of a family at Thorp-arch. This gentleman dying 26 March, 1830, left 
with other issue, an eldest son, William Hatfeild Gossip, Esq., who d. 15 Jan., 
1856, leaving an only surviving son, who eventually became heir to his uncle 
by marriage, the Rev. Cornelius Heathcote Reaston-Rodes, of Barlborough, co. 
Derby, assuming, by his desire, the surname of De Rodes, in lieu of Gossip, 
and is the present William Hatfeild De Rodes, Esq., of Barlborough. He m. 7 
Sep., 1854, Sophia Felicite, d. of the Hon. and Rev. Alfred Curzon, Rector of 
Kedleston, co. Derby. This lady (who had subsequently the precedence of a 
baron's daughter granted to her, on her brother becoming Lord Scarsdale), died 
without issue, 2d April, 1869. Of the above family of Hatfeild was the Rev. 
George Hatfeild, Vicar of Doncaster 1762-1785. Ralph Thoresby, the eminent 
antiquary of Leeds, says, 19 June, 1683, he "had the honour of a visit from 
Capt. Hatfield, of Hatfeild, with some pleasing discourse concerning the anti- 
quities of that place." (Diary ii. appx. 417.) On 31 Aug., 1694, he rode to 
Hatfield, and was " most obligingly entertained by the good family " there, 
(Diary i., 262, 263.) Again 17 January. 1695. (P. 289.) 

1 Tagliacozza was a learned Italian physician. For this feat of his see 



14 THE DIARY OF 

OcTOB. 2, Great talk of the prince of Orange. He is mak- 
ing great preparations beyond sea, and 'tis thought that they are 
designed for England. God's will be done ! 

3. They say that he has one hundred thousand men which he 
designs to bring over, amongst which twenty thousand are antro- 
pophagi, Laplanders clad in bear skins, that never lay in beds 
in their lives, but always like beasts under the open canopy of 
heaven. 

20. My father being at Doncaster last Satiu'day I heard him 
say that there was a man there with a strong sort of a glass that 
openly for lOd. lets any one see therein whatt they will. My 
father took him to be a conjurer. 

29. This day I heard that there wer lately arived out of 
Ireland six thousand Irish, the rudest fellows that ever were seen. 
Tyrconnel sent them.'' 

All the nation is in fear of being murder'd, and watch is set 
in all towns by the order of the magistrates to exam[ine] every 
passenger, etc. 



1688. 

ITovEMB. 5. About the end of this year happen'd here in 
England the greatest revolution that was ever known. I mean 
by that most bold and heroick adventure of the most illustrious 
and famous Will[iam] Hen[ry] Nassaw, Prince of Orange, who 
soon turned the scale of affairs, and delivered us out of all our 
fears of tyranny and popery, which, as farr as I can possibly see, 
would infallibly have fahi upon us. 

a vulgar jest in Hudihras, part i. canto i. line 280, et seqq. "VVTiat he really 
did was to make artificial noses, lips, ears, kc, by transplanting portions of skin 
from other portions of the face. At first people did not know exactly whether 
to treat him as a sorcerer or liar, but, after his death, his fellow citizens set up a 
marble statue to his memory, at Bologna, holding a nose in his hand. 

*■ Kichard Talbot (Malahide) was created Earl of Tyrconnel, in 1685, and 
afterwards Duke of Tyrconnel, after James the Second's abdication. He was 
slain, or at all events died, at Limerick, 14th Aug., 1691. He m. Frances, 
widow of Sir George Hamilton, Knt., the sister of Sarah Jennings, wife of John 
Churchhill, Duke of Marlborough. These ladies were the daughters of Richard 
Jennings, of Sandridge, co. Hertford, Esq. Richard Talbot was son of Sir Wm. 
T., of Courtown, Bart., who d. in 1633, and brother of Sir Robt., of same place, 
Bart., and also of Sir Griffith Talbot, who died 26 Dec, 1723, set. 82. The Earl 
of Tyrconnel was generalissimo of the Irish forces under King James II, 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 15 

Qui nescit dissimilare, nescit nee vivere, nee regnare. Politick 
frauds is and always has been in action in all kingdomes, revolu- 
tions, and nations, whicli is sufficient licence for their lawfiillness ; 
and, as for their usefulness, there needs nothing to be said about 
that ; any one that is wise must needs know that many a noble 
and excellent design would have perished in its birth had it not 
been brought into the world by such midwives as these. In this 
time of our revolution wee had many a strange story of long popish 
knives, gridirons, and instnunents of torture foimd in at least a 
hundred popish houses up and down the land, with suppositious 
letters, speeches, and such like, to irritate the people and encourage 
them to obey the revolution. 

But that which was the most observable of all was a general 
alarm, that was spread over all the land, of God knows how many 
thousands of Irish (who were disbanded by K[ing] James) who 
ravaged the country and slew and burnt all before them. This 
rumour begun in the south, and went northward so effectually 
that most people believed it, for there came expresses of it every- 
where to get everyone in arms, and to meet at such a great town, 
on such a day, where the whole country was to go and try a brush 
with the enemy. Now it was that the whole nation was in such 
a ferment that they sweat for fear ! Now all was up in arms, yet 
nobody knew where they were to fight ! AU ways was stopt up 
and passes, old forts, and castles mann'd, and nothing but arms 
sounded in everyone's mouth. Now it was that the papists was 
at the brink of the grave, for, wherever there was any, their houses 
was searched, examined ; and, if they were priests, were sent to 
prison, etc. In aU this bustle there was few that ofiered to nm 
away, but all joyfully and couragiously equipp'd and armed them- 
Belves, being resolved to fight Its almost incredible to think 
what a number of men there was in arms, aU of them resolved to 
conquer or dy. Everyone when they went to exercise and meet 
the enemy, took their last lieves of their wives, friends, and 
sweethearts, with farr more sorrow than they showed for any fear 
they had either of an enemy or death, etc. 

This newse or report ran, as I sayd, quite through the country, 
and for aU it was some weeks a running northward, yet no one 
letter appear'd out of the south concerning any such thing there 
till it was always gone past those places where these letters were 

various reports there was concerning the occation of this 
rumour. Yet most certain it is that it was nothing but a poli- 
tick alarm raised and set on foot by the king and council to see 
how the nation stood effected to their new king. 



16 THE DIARY OF 

Yet one thing that I exceedingly wonder at is that there was 
no men killed in this bustle, for I have asked and examined all 
over wherever I came, and I could never hear of any. But 
indeed tho' they kill'd nobody, yet they made most miserable of 
all the papist's houses that they came near; for, under pretence of 
seeking for arms, they did many thousands of pounds worth of 
hurt, cuting down rich hangings, breaking through walls, pulling 
in pieces of excellent ceihngs, and such like. But they carried 
nothing away with them but what they eat or drunk, and then 
they secured all the papists they could get, intending to carry 
them all away to prison. 

It is wonderful how such rumors as then was could be invented. 
Here came letters down from London that in a great vault hard 
by the parliament house they had discover'd a great many grid- 
irons, three yards long, with Strang sorts of pincers and scrus and 
long knives, all of which was to torment those great parliament 
men that would not agree with the king towards the fulfilling of 
his vrill, etc. Then again in another place there was discovered 
three score horses, kept underground, that had not seen light this 
many years, which were fed with humane bodys, and these were 
to tear us in pieces. Then elsewhere there was found under the 
earth great coppers full of oyl, and others of pitch, and tar, and 
lead, all which was to boyl hereticks in : and in many popeish 
houses round about in the coimtry we heard what strange instru- 
ments of torment was found in their possession, etc., all which 
the -vTilgar faithfully believed ; but, as for me, I gave little heed 
thereto, etc., for they were plainly nothing but politic frauds. 



1689. 



This year a strange kind of a violent and burning feaver, 
together with the small pox reigned so in our family that I lost 
two brothers and two sisters. 

Towards the latter end of the aforegoing year there landed at 
Hull about six or seven thousand Dains, all stout fine men, the 
best equip'd and disciplin'd of any that was ever seen. 

They brought over vrith them a great quantity of both money 
and plate, as silver tankards, tumblers, cups, spoons, pottingers, 
etc., which they sould up and down the country. 

Their money had a great alloy of copper in it, yet, for all that, 
the people here took for their commoditys. 

They were mighty godly and religious. You would seldome 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYMB. 17 

or never heard an oath or ugly word come out of their mouths. 
They had a great many ministers amongst them whome they 
call'd pastours, and every Sunday ahnost, ith' afternoon, they 
prayed and preach'd as soon as our prayers was done. 

They sung ahnost all their divine service, and every ministre 
had those that made up a quire whom the rest follow'd. Then 
there was a sermon of about half-an-houer's length, all memoratim, 
and then the congregation broke up. When they administred the 
sacrament the ministre goes into the church and caused notice to 
be given thereof, then all come before, and he examined them 
one by one whether they were worthy to receive or no. If they 
was he admitted them, if they were not he writ their names down 
in a book, and bid them prepare against the next Sunday. Instead 
of bread in the sacrament I observed that they used wafers/ 
about the bigness and thickness of a sixpence. 

They held no sin to play at cards upon Sundays, and common- 
ly did everywhere where they were suffered ; for indeed in many 
places the people would not abide the same, but took the cards 
from them. 

They were mighty good-natured, and kind, and civel, and 
many of them where they were quarter'd would thrash or work 
a week for what they could get. And indeed the English were 
all over hereabout extream kind to them and gave them free 
quarter, for which they were exceeding thankful.' 

Tho' they loved strong drink yet all the while I was amongst 
them, which was all this winter, I never saw above five or six of 
them drunk. 

They liked England very well, " Oh ! it was the finest country 
that ever they came in in all their lives," they would oft say, and 
many swore that they would be hang'd before they would leave 

* The wafer is still used throughout the whole of Scandinavia. The name 
given to it in Sweden is Ohlat, and the silver baskets in which the wafers are 
brought for presentation on the Holy Table are called Ohlaten schalten. — See 
an article on the Swedish Church in the Christian Remembrancer for April 
1847. 

' A memorial of the Danish troops which were quartered in Yorkshire, 
after the revolution, is to be found (I quote Allen's Hist. Yorks. v. iii., p, 285, 
not having seen the original), in the parish register of St. Mary's, Beverley. 
1689, Dec. 16. — Daniel Straker, a Danish trooper buried. 
„ Dec. 23. — Johannes Frederick Bellow, beheaded for killing the other, 
buried. 
The following doggrel is on an oval tablet on the outer side of the south 
wall of the nave : — 

" Here two young Danish souldiers lie. 
The one in quarrel chanc'd to die ; 
The other's head, by their own law, 
With sword was sever'd at one blow." 



18 THE DIARY OF 

it. There was snow in their country a foot thick before they 
came away, and they were so surprised, that when [they] came 
hither, they found not a bit, they scarce knew what to say. 

Many of them at this town, while they stayed here, acted a play 
in their language, and they got a vast deal of monney thereby. 
The design of it was " Herod's Tyranny; " "The Birth of Christ; " 
and the " Coming of the Wise Men." They built a stage in our 
large court-house, and acted the same thereon. I observed that 
all the postures were shewn first of all, viz., The king on his 
throne, his servants standing about him. And then, the senes 
being drawn, another posture came ; the barbarous soldiers mur- 
dering of the infants, and so on : And when they had run through 
all so, they then began to act both together. All which time 
they had plenty of all sorts of music of themselves, for [one] 
soldier played on one sort and one on another. 

I heard some of them say that some of those players belonged 
to the king of Denmark's play house that was set a fire, and 
burnt when most of the nobles were beholding a play several 
years ago, tho' how long I cannot exactly tell. 

This day I heard my father say that, as he went to Doncaster 
fair," he overtook a company of godly Presbyterians who were 
singing salms as they rid. Was not this a great peece of affected- 
ness, and more out of vain glory and pride than piety ? 

I have heard of a Presbyterian minister who was so precise 
that he would not as much as take a pipe of tobacco before that 
he had first saved grace over it. 

My father alas ! inclines mightily this way, as does all tho 
French and Duch of these Levels, and he would needs have me go 
to the University of Glasco, but I do not intend it, I hope God 
will so incline my father's will as to suffer me to go to Cambridge, 
which thino; I beo; for Jesus Christ his sake. 

One thing at present which makes a great noise ni the country 
is an act," not for liberty of conscience, as some call it, but only to 

" 5th April. 

" 1st W. & M., c. 18, "For exempting their Majesties Protestant subjects, 
dissenting from the Church of England, from the penalties of certain laws," 
commonly called the Toleration Act, which enacted that neither certain acts 
therein specified, nor any other penal laws made against Popish recusants 
(except the test acts) should extend to any dissenters other than Papists and 
such as deny the Trinity: provided, 1. That they took the oaths of allegiance 
and supremacy (or made a similar affirmation, being quakers) and subscribed 
the declaration against popery; 2. That they repaired to some congregation cer- 
tified to and registered in the court of the bishop or archdeacon, or at the 
County Sessions ; 3. That the doors of such meeting-house should be unlocked, 
unbarred, and unbolted ; in default of which the persons meeting there were 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYMB. 19 

exempt the dissenters from the penaltys of all the former laws that 
have been made against them, upon condition that they swear to 
be true to KLing] W[illiam] and Q[ueen] M[ary] and do not 
at anytime of their meeting keep the conventicle door lockd, barrd. 
or bolted ; and that they do subscribe to all the 34, 35, 36, and 
these woi'ds of the 20th Article, viz., — The Church hath power 
to decree rites or ceremonies and axdhority in controversys of faith : 
and yet : which they could not subscribe to. 

1690. 

In this year about the end of April I began to set forward for 
Cambridge, to bo admitted there an aceademian. The first day 
of our journey (which was from the Levels to Sleeford beyond 
Lincoln Heath) wee travelled forty-six miles, and so came through 
the Fenns of Ely to Cambridge. 'Tis a strange thing that great 
towns should so decay and be eaten up with time. I observed when 
I came to Lincoln that several stately houses and churches are let 
fidl down to the ground, piece by piece ; and this which has been 
such a famous citty heretofore, there is scarce anything worth 
seeing in it now but the high street, it being indeed a most stately 
and excellent structure, and is the chief ornament of the town. 
The minster indeed looks very stately too on the outside, but 
what it is within I do not know. There is an old open foilifica- 
cation against it castlewise, Avhich miglit (tho' there be gmis nor 
nothing in it) do the town some little hurt if it was well 
mann'd, because it stands upon the hill of the town, etc."' 

We arrived at Cambridge (which I tock to have been a much 
finer town than I then found it to bee) on the first of May, and I 
was admitted member of St. John's College the day following. 
First, I was examined by my tutor, then by the senior dean, 

Etill to be liable to all the penalties of former acts. Dissenting teachers were 
also to subscribe the articles of religion mentioned in tlie Stat. 13 Eliz., c. 12 
(viz., those which only concerned the confession of the true christian faith and 
the doctrine of the sacraments), with an express exceyition of those relating to 
the government and powers of the church and to infant baptism. 

" Lincoln Castle must have been one of the most majestic fortresses in 
England during the middle ages. It seems to have retained much of its 
ancient beauty until it was taken by storm on Monday morning May 6, 1C44-, 
by the Earl of Manchester, after which it fell into ruin. Samuel Buck's view 
of the castle taken in 1727, and of the city in 1743, represents it much as it is 
now ; neither of them show the interior of the fortifications. Probably in de la 
Pryme's time the precincts contained many interesting remains that were 
swept away when the present ugly shire-hall and prison were built. — See A 
True Relation of the Taking of the City, Minder, and Castle of Lincoln. R. 
Coates for John Bellamy. '4to. Lon. I(j44. 



20 THE DIARY OF 

then by the junior clean, and then by the master, who all made me 
but construe a verse or two a-piece in the Greek Testament, 
except the master, who ask'd me both in that and in Plautus and 
Horace too. Tlien I went to the reo-isterer to be registered 
member of the College, and so the whole work was done. 

We go to lecturs every other day, in logics, and what we hear 
one day we give an account of the next; besides we go to his 
chamber every night, and hears the sophs and junior sophs dis- 
pute, and then some is called out to conster a chapt[er] in the Now 
Testament ; which after it is ended, then we go to prayers, and 
then to our respective chambers. 

Our master they say is [a] mighty high proud man, but God bo 
thank'd I know nothing ot that as yet by my own experience. 
His name is Doct[or] Gower'^ and it was him that first brought 
up the haveing of terms in the college, without the keep of every 
one of which we can have no degrees. 

He came from Jesus College to be made master here, and ho 
was so sevear there that he was commonly called the divel of 
Jesus ; and when he was made master here some unlucky scholars 
broke this jest upon him, — that now the divel was entered into 
the heard of swine ; for us Jonians are called abusively hoggs. 

In this my fresh-man's year, by my own propper studdy, 
labour and industry, I got the knowledge of all herbs, trees, and 
simples, without any body's instruction or help, except that of 
herbals : so that I could know any herb at first sight. I studdied 
a great many things more likewise, which I h^pe God will bless 
for my good and his honour and glory, if I can ever promote 
anything thereoff".^ 



^ Humphrey Gower, a native of Dorchester ; the son of Stanley Gower, a 
minister there during the interregnum. Chosen Fellow of St. John's Coll. Camb. 
23rd March, 1G58 ; M.A., 1G62 ; D.D., 1676 ; Master of Jesus Coll., 11th July, 
1679 ; and of St. .fohn's, 3rd Dec. following. Died 27th March, 1711.— iVichols' 
Lit. Anecdotes, iv., 245, 246 ; v., 125, 128, 129. Dr. Gower was a man of great 
university mark, and a large benefactor to St. John's, although not originally a 
member of that college. 

y He was admitted Scholar of St. John's, 7th Nov. 1690. " Ego Abra- 
hamus Prim Eboracensis juratus et admissus sum in discipulum hujus coll. 
pro Dre Morton decessore Dno. Proctor." This Cardinal Morton scholarship 
was filled up 6th Nov., 1694, when Humphr. Davenport was admitted " deces- 
sore Dno. Primme." 

De la Pryme was never fellow, nor did he hold an exhibition. 

Tlie college entry of De la Pryme's admission is " Abrahamus Prym, 
Eboracensis, filius Matthaei Prym, generosi, natus infra Hatfield, ibidemque 
litteris institutus sub Mro, Eratt, setatis suae 19, admissus est pensionarius tutore 
ct fidejussore ejus Mro, Wigley, Mali 2ndo, 1690." 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 21 

1692. 

Jan. : Alas ! who can refrain from tears, what learned man 
can but lament at the sad newse that came the other night, viz., 
the death of the famous and honourable Mr. Boyl,'' a man born 
to learning, born to the good of his country, born to every pious 
act, whose death can be never enough lamented and mourned 
for. England has lost her wisest man, wisdom her wisest son, 
and all Europe the man whose writeings they most desired, 
w^ho well deserved the character that the ingenious Redi gives 
him, who calls him, Semper veridicus, et quavis suhliyni Laude 
dignus ! I have heard a great deal in his praise and commenda- 
tion. He was not only exceeding wise and knowing, but also 
one of the most religiousest and piusest men of his days, never 
neglecting the public prayers of the church or absenting himself 
therefrom upon any occasion. He was exceeding charitable to 
the poor and needy, and thought whatever he gave to them too 
little ! He was a mighty promoter of all pious and good works, 
and spent vast summs, as I have heard, in getting the Bible and 
several more religious books to be translated and printed in Irish 
and spred about that country, that his poor countrymen might 
see the light of the Gospel. He was a mighty chemist, etc. 

Jan. 7 : This day was in company with a gentlenian scholler 
Mr. Bennet" of our coll. a very learned, ingenious, and undcr- 

^ The Hon. Robert Boyle, the 7th son and 14th child of Richard, 1st Earl 
of Cork; Died 13th Dec. 1G91, unmarried. — See portrait and biographical 
account of him in Lochje^ Portraits of Illustrious Personages, ^^-c, vol. ix. 

His life was written by Dr. Birch. It may be found in his edition of Boyle's 
works, 5 vols, folio, 1744 ; and was in the same year issued separately in an 8vo 
form. 

" Thomas Bennett, son of Tho. Bennett, gent., born infra Caesaris burgum, 
Wilts., at school there under Mr. Taylor, admitted sizar for his tutor, Mr. 
Browne, 31st May, 1689, set. 15. This voluminous author was elected foun- 
dation fellow 26th Mar. (admitted 27th Mar.) 1694, in Boughton's room. 
He was catechis. 20 Febr. 1700-1 ; and appointed college preacher 12 June, 
1701. Edm. Waller was elected 26 Mar. (admitted 27 Mar.) 1705 in Bennett's 
room. B.A., 1692-3 ; M.A., 1696 ; D.D., 1715 ; rector of St. James's Col- 
chester, when he subscribed to Strype's Parker ; vicar of St. Giles's, Cripple- 
gate, when he subscribed to Strype's Annals, vol. 3 ; of Salisbury School 
ICarUle's Grammar Schools, ii. 746), Obiit. 9 Oct., 1728 {Histurical Pcr/lster 
1728, Chronicle p. 54) ; married to Hunt, of Salisbury, 8 Oct., 1717 {His- 
torical Register). Made rector of St. Giles's. 4 Apr., 1717 {Ibid.') Lecturer of 
St. Olave's, Southwark, 20 Febr., 1716, (Ibid.,p. 118).— See The Tanner MSS. 
William Gould, Fellow of St. John's, left him £50 in 1690, {MS. Bahcr, xxvi, 278). 
See Darling's Cyclopcedia, col. 2569, 2840. Subscriber to Spencer De legibus 
Hebr. 1727.— See Lampe's Commentary on St John, i. 221. Examination of a 
book lately printed by the Quakers, 8vo., Lond. 1737, pj}. 69, 72 ; Defence of do. 



22 THE DIARY OF 

standing young man, who comes from Salsbury, and was theer 
in all the time of the late revolution, and saw most of the things 
that happened there. He says that when King Will[iam] came 
first over, for three, four, or five days, he was mightily dijected 
and melancholy, fearing that nobody would joyn with him : but 
when the Lord Cornbury and several others were come over, he 
was very well content and cheered up. When ho landed he wore 
his own hair which was long and black, and looked as to his face 
very pale and wan : but now he has got a wig,* and looks as brisk, 
and has good a colour as anyone. 

This gentleman was at Salsbuyy when the late king was there, 
and he says all was in the greatest confusion imaginable. Ho 
saw K[ing] J[ames] ride backward and forward continnualy 
with a languishing look, his hat hanging over his eyes, and a 
handkerchief continnualy in one hand to dry the blood of his 
nose for he continnualy bledd. If he and his soldiers did but 
chance to hear a tram[)et or even a post-horn they were always 
upon a surprise, and all fit to run away, and at last they did so. 

All the nights there was nothing but tumult, and every ques- 
tion that was ask'd " Where are the enemy?" " Where are the 
enemy?" "How fiir are they oft"?" "Which way are they 
going ?" and such like. 

10. Yesterday I was at Mr. Hall's the bookseller, asking for a 
magical book, — "Zouns," says he " Doct. you'l raise the divel," 
at which I laughed. " But hark you," says he, " I have a 
friend about 7 miles off who has lost a great many cattle by 
witchcraft, and he is now in the town at the Three Tuns, prathee 
go with me thither to him, and tell him what he shall do to save 
the rest?" to which I made answer that 1 was unwillinir to iro : 
and besides that I knew not how to help him. " No matter for 
that," says he, " you shall then have some discourse with him 
and hear what he says, it shall cost you nought, I'll give you two or 
three pints of wine." Then I went and we had a great deal of talk. 
He told me that he was once, about thirteen years ago, with several 
others set to keep a witch in a room, and sayd that before them 

Loud., 17ii7,2jp. S5 seq. ; Life of A. A. Si//iCs,8S,Sd,03 ; NewcourV s liepertorium, 
ii. J 70; Watts' Blhliuth. £rit.,i. 100; Chalvter's Biogr. Diet.; Bodl. Catal. 
vols. i. and iv. Cutal. Brit. Mus. ; Notes and Queries, 2nd ser. iv. 171 ; Catal. 
C'odd. MSS. Bodl. iv. 8:31 ; Aijscoiirjh's Catal. MSS. Brit. Mus. 793 ; Darling's 
Cijclopoadia ; JS'iehoVs Lit. Anecd. iii., 11., i.. 412. 

'' In an original portrait of William III., by Sir Godfrey Kneller, in the 
possession of Mr. Feacock, he is represented in a long flowing wig of dark 
brown hair. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRTMi. 23 

all shee chang'd herself into a beetle or great clock, and flew out 
of the chimney, and so escaped. He told me also that a neigh- 
bour of his as he was once driving a loaded waggon out of the 
field, they came over against the place where a witch was shear- 
ing, and that then of a suddain (tho' there was no ill way or any 
thing to throwgh a waggon over) the waggon was in a minnit 
thrown down, and the shaves became as so'many piggs of lead, 
60 that nobody could for two hours lift them upright. 

Febr. : What I heard to-day I must relate. There is one 
Mr. Newton (whom I have very oft seen), fellow of Trinity 
College, that is mighty famous for his learning, being a most 
excdlent mathematician, philosopher, divine," etc. He has been 
fellow of the Royal Society this many years, and, amongst the 
other very learned books and tracts that he has writt, he's writt 
one upon the Mathematical Principles of Philosophy, which has 
got him a mighty name, he having received, cspecialy from Scot- 
land, abundance of congratulatory letters for the same : but of all 
the books that he ever writt there was one of colours and light, 
established upon thousands of experiments, which he had been 
twenty years of making, and which had cost him many a hundred 
of pounds. This book whicli he valued so much, and Avhich was so 
much talk'd off, had the ill luck to perish and be utterly lost just 
when the learned author was almost at putting a conclusion at 
the same, after this manner. In a winter morning, leavino- it 
amongst his other papers on his studdy table, whilst he went to 
chappel, the candle which he had unfortunately left burning there 
too cachd hold by some means or other of some other papers, and 
they tired the aforesayd book, and utterly consumed it and several 
other valuable writings, and that which is most wonderful did no 
further mischief But when Mr. Newton came from chappel and 
had seen what was done, every one thought he would have run 
mad, he was so troubled thereat that he was not himself for a 
month after. A large account of this his system of light 
and colours you may find in the transactions of the Royal 
Society, which he had sent up to them long before this sad m'is- 
chance happened unto him. 

' No less a personage than the great Sir Isaac Newton, de quo vide 
Nichols's Literary Anecdotes, vol. iv. pp. i. etc., etc He was born 25 Dec, 
1642. Admitted at Trin. (Doll., Camb., 5 June, 1661, as a sub-sizar, a class 
which still exists in the college. He .afterwards bpcame Fellow of the College, 
and a Professor of the University, for which he was twice elected one of the 
representatives in Parliament, an honour which was also attained by his illus- 
trious predecessor Lord Chancellor Bacon (a fact not generally known). He died 
20 March, 1726. — See preface of this work. 



24 THE DIABT OF 

29. Yesterday I began a work. God of His great mercy 
make me able to carrj^ on the same ! It is a book of travelling, 
to be entitled " The compleat Traveller, or full directions for 
travelling, and querys about almost everything memorable in all 
countrys." 

30. Doct[or] Burnet Bish[op] of Sarum has given notice in 
all our newse letters that he will undertake to write the famous 
Mr. Boyl's life, which is not to be doubted but it will be done very 
well, tho' nevertheless it is impossible that it should be done so 
well as it deserves, he having been the [most] learned, wisest, and 
godliest man that England ever brought forth. He was a mighty 
strict, pious man, and seldome or never missed the publick 
prayers in church, and was mighty charitable to the poor. Some 
condemns him for being too credulous and giving too much heed 
to the relations of his informers in philos[ophic8.1] matters, but this 
springs from nothing but ignorance and envy. 

April 1. The present BishLop] of St. Asaphs,'' Doctor [Lloyd] 
is a very famous man by reason of his pretending to interpret 
and comprehend that most hard and ambiguous book of the Re- 
velations : for he prophesyd nothing but good therefrom, of the 
downfall of the French king, and the Pope, etc. It happen'd once 
in the present reign that there came a poor Vaudois to begg alms 
of him, complaining that he was forced out of his countr}^ for his 
religion by means of the tyranny of the French king. " Well, 
well " (says the honest bishop) " I cann assure you that tyrant 
will not live long, for God has look'd upon your afflictions, and 
the tyranny of that monster, and will deliver you and every one 
else out of every apprehensions of danger from him, and that 
within six months : therefore you shall go to your own country 
again, and I will give you money to bear your charges thither," 
etc., which he accordingly did; but whether the Vaudois went 
home or no I cannot tell ; but the poor bishop has been sadly 
mistaken in many of his interpretations upon that obscure book. 
(Ex relatione filii Dr. Lloyd episcop. Norwich.^ 

1692 

Towards the end of this year I went a course of chymistry with 

* William Lloyd, S.T.P., conBecrated' Oct. 3, 1680. He was translated to 
Lichfield and CoTentry in 1692, and from thence to Worcester, 22d January, 
1699-1700. He died 30th August, 1717, and is buried at Fladbury, co. Worces- 
ter. Le Kevit Fatti., ed. 1864, vol. i, p. 658 ; iii. 68. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 2'5 

Signior Johannes Fransiscus Vigani, a very learned chemist, and 
a great traveller, but a drunken fellow. Yet, by reason of the 
abstruceness of the art, I got little or no good thereby. 

In this very time of my course it was that my very oreat and 
most intimate friend Mr. Bohun'' (of the year above me) hangd 
himself in his studdy. I missing him all that day began to in- 
quire for him, which I observed put a great many lads then in 
the hall going to supper in an opinion and kind of consternation 
that he had hanged himself, though they knew nothing of it, 
nor had any reason for what they spoke or imagined. Upon 
which I and some more got his chamber dore key of his bed- 
maker, and going in we found his wigg, cap, and gown hano-ino- 
over the chairs that were in his chamber : and not findino-lnm 
there wee forced his studdy door open, but none of them^durst 
go in to see if he was there. Upon which I rushed in, and found 
him hanging at the end of his studdy with his feet not above half 
or three quartersof a foot of theground, having hung so all the day, 
for it appear'd afterwards that he hanged himself in chapel time 
in the morning. The rope that he hang'd himself in was one 
that he us'd to hang dogs in when he anatomized them. 

Just before he dy'd he writt a very serious letter to his father, 
and dated it, and seal'd it up too, lying it on the table just at the 
door, desireing in another piece of paper that it might be sent 
home to his father, saying that he had given a sufficient reason 
to his father for the sayd act. But what this reason was I could 
never certainly learn. Sure I am that it was not out of any evil ac- 
tions that he had committed, for he was never given to any, neither 
was it for want of monney, or any unkindness of his parents, for they 
loved him very well and gave him what he desired. He was a "-reat 
student also, and a good scholar, having made great proficiency 
in most arts and sciences. I was one of those that was brouo-ht 
in to give my evidence what I knew of his nature. I depos'd 
that I had heard him several times talk that he was melancholly, but 
he knew not for what, it was his nature that led him to it, "as he 
thought. He loved to take walks in the dark, but yet neverthe- 
less was of as meriy and jovial a nature as any one I ever see. 

The night before he did this, he, I, and two or three more of 
us, had been walking into the town after supper, and when we 
were got home again he took his leave of us, and shak'd us all by 

* Humfrey Bohun, sdn of Edmund Boliun, esq., born at Pulham, Norfolk. 
educated at Woodbridge school under Mr. Candler, admitted pensioner 30 May, 
1689, agt. 19, under Mr. Browne. (See on him, who died 1 Dec, 1692, Bohun's 
Autobiography and pedigree prefixed). 



26 THE DIARY OP 

tlio hand, clenching them (as I observed) something hard in his 
(just as a dying man will catch hold of anything in his reach 
and hold it fast), but this we did not take much notice of because 
he was so free and merry; but so all o' us bid him a good night, 
as he also did us. And he having a chum, he say'd that he 
went to bed and slept very well till the morning, and arising 
then he put on his studdying gown and cap and his stockings 
and shoos, and going into his studdy lock'd the dore after him, 
and so having written the aforesayd letter hang'd himself with- 
out rnakinor any noise or struo-olino-. 

He was the eldest son to Edm. Bohun, esq.,'" him that has 
writt so many books. 

Dec. 23. Tho' my friend came to this so suddain and unfor- 
tunate end, yet I desisted not from raystuddysand searchings into 
the truth and knowledge of things : for I and my companion 
yester night try'd again what we could do, but nothing would 
appear, quamins omnia sacra rite peracta fuerimt ; iterum it- 
ei^umque adjuravimus. 

Last week I got two or three vol. of the Turkish Spy.^ As soon 
as I had read a little I suspected it to be a cheat, and the further 
I read I discover'd it the more. There are English proverbs in it, 
as — let him laugh that wins, vol. 2, etc. And it says in several 
places, — such a year according to the Christian Hegira — which 
is nonsence, and could never proceed out of the mouth of a 
Mahometan, etc. However, it is a book that sells exceedingly, 
and my bookseller says that the ingenious Doct. Midgley that has 
been licencer of the press several years is the author thercofif. 

1693 

Jan. 1. This year begins very ill for it is exceeding cold, the 
Parliament are fitt to fall out together by the ears. God prevent 
it I 

2. I dream'd yesternight that methought as I was walking I 

■^ A well known person, and for some time licencer of the press. 

f Letters writ hy a 'lurhish spy mJio lived five and forty years iindiscovered 
at Paris. First edit. 8 vols. 8vo., 1691. The work has gone through upwards 
of twenty-eight editions, the last of which was in 8 vols. 12mo., 1801. The 
work is usually attributed to Jean Paul Marana, a native of Genoa. It seems 
to be quite certain that the first thirty letters are his composition. — Gent. May. 
1840, pt. ii. p. 409 ; 1841 ; pt. i. p. 265, 270 ; JVotes and Queries, 1st series, vol. L 
p. 834 ; 3rd. series, voU v., p. 260. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 27 

overtook my old friend Mr. Bohun, but lie seemed to be melan- 
choly, and as we were walking, " Oh, Abraham ! " says he (cal- 
ling me by my name), I could never have imagined that my father 
would have taken my death so ill, or else 1 would never have 
done the act." And so me-thought we parted. I observed also 
in my dream how he had the exact gate that he used in his life- 
time, flinging out an elbow as he walked, and shaking his head 
when he spake. 

This year, 1 being soph, I began to look more about me than 
before, and to take better notice of things, as having got more 
knowledge and experience than I had before. 

I went lately to take a view of the new library of Trinity 
College in this University, and it is indeed a most miagnificent 
piece of work within, and it is very well built without. 'Tis raised 
from the foundations wholy of Portland stone, and has cost finish- 
ing thus flirr above three thousand pounds. 'Tis... yards lono-, ... 

broad, and high. It is bore up by three rows of pillars 

each foot about. The starecase up into the library is ex- 
cellently carved, and the steps are all of them of marble, which 
staircase alone cost above fifteen hundred pounds. 

Jan. 8. This day I received a very kind tho' a very severe letter 
from the famous Mr. Edm[und] Bohun, the father to him whose 
unhappy death I have already related. He persuaded me exceed- 
ingly to desist from all magical studdys, and lays a company of 
most black sins to my charge, which (he sayd) I committed by 
darring to search in such forbidden things. 

Jul. 9. Reading this day in Father Kircher's* ^d. ^g., 
how that the ancient Egyptians us'd commonly to have four or 
five or six children, it brought into my mind several relations of 
such great births, and, to speak the truth, it is not half so strange 
to have so many at a birth in England as it is beyond sea. 
About eight years ago the milner wife of the Leavels had four at a 
birth, two of which lived till they were thirty years old. Rich. 
More, now living at Hatfield in Yorkshire, his wife had three at a 
birth, about fifteen years ago,' and going to the parson to get 

* The iEdipus jEgyptiacus of this celebrated scholar, a work in four volumes, 
folio, published at Rome, 1652-4-. 

« This appears to have occurred earlier than the diarist names. In the 
parish register of Hatfield, No. III., I find in 1659-60 there were baptized 
" Richard, Susanna, and Anne, children of Richard Moore, jun., and of Anne his 
wife, ye 6t d. of Jan." and the same three were buried on the 10th of the same 
month. In 1718-19, Feb. 10th, at the same place " Elihue, Guliel., Carolus, 
Elinna, and Ricardus fili3e[sic] Guliel. Waller," were baptized. And on the 18th 
Dec, 1720, " Robertas, Abrahamus, et Isaacua filii Gulielmi Fox." 



28 THE DIARY OF 

thorn cliristened, he told him — that — that — that — he had got a 
ft'w children to christen, at which the minister hiugh'd; but they 
were all of them christened; but how long they lived I know not. 
J. Tompson's wife, about nine years ago, had three; and, about a 
year before I came to Cambridge, there was another woman in the 
sayd town that had four together. All this in but a little time 
and within our little parish where I was born. 

I have oft enough heard of women in the country round about 
that has likewise had sometimes two and sometimes more at a 
birth, but they being out of our parish I shall not relate them. 

I have likewise very oft heard of women who by superfoetation 
have had three, four, and some five, and some six or seven children 
in a year. There is now living at Bramwith, by our town of Hat- 
field, two sisters who were both born together, and the same 
year their mother was again of three more, which all dy'd. 

This year there was admitted of our college one Needham,-' a 
freshman of about twelve years old, a meer child, but had indeed 
been so well brought up that he understood very perfectly the 
Latin, Greek, and Hebrew tongues. But this is nothing in com- 
parison to one of our present fellows called Mr. Wotten,^' who 

■' Peter Needham, the well-known scholar, co. Chester, son of tlie 
Eev. Sam. Needham of Stockport, educated at a private school at Bra nam, 
Norfolk, under Mr. Needham, was admitted sizar for Dr. Bury, 18th Apr., 1G93, 
set. 12, under Mr. Orchard. On his death (I suppose at least that he is meant, 
and not \Vm. Needham,) See ihesanrus Ejjistolicvs Sacronnn i. 137 ; see also 
Index to vol. ii. He was elected foundation fellow 11th April, 1698, admitted 
12th April in Wigley's room. On 19th Mar., 1715-G, Jo. Peake was elected (ad- 
mitted 20th Mar.) in Needham's room. B.A., 1(596-7 ; M.A., 1700 ; B.D., 1707 ; 
D.D., by royal mandate, 1717 ; was rect. of Stanwick, Northants, when he sub- 
scribed to Knight's Life of Colet., rect. of Conington. Subscriber to Spencer De 
Legibus Hebr., 1727. Vicar of Madingley in 1711 (Madingley Rerjlster.) 
BlomeficUVs Norfolk, iii., 459. J. A. Fabricius sent him a collation of Hierocles, 
which was lost on the road, afterwards published by Wolf {Fahi-icii Vita, 54, 55). 
His collections for an ed. of ^Eschylus {Fabricil Vita, p. 335; MSS. Nn.. i, 16, and 
Nn. ii., 32, in Cambridge University Library, described in the Catalogue of 
Adversaria, preserved in the library of the University of Cambr., Cambr., 1864, 
pp. 5, 11 seq). jMonk's Life of Bentlc]/, 8vo., ed ii. i.,22G seq. Hentley's Corres- 
pond, pj):'^^!!, 572, 534, 812. 

In Baker's MS. xlii. 265, is a Latin epitaph by Sam Drake, D.D., on P. N. 
ridiculing''his"corpulence. Ob. Ash-Wednesday, 1730. Baker copied it from "a 
half sheet of paper, privately printed 8vo. " ; and says " These are libels upon 
two men of worth, both of 'em my friends ; I conceal their names." (The 
other was Ric. Rawlinson.) — Watt's Biblloth. Brit. ii. 697 ; Catal. Brit. Mus.; 
Darling' s\ Cyclop, p. 2166 ; MS. Lansd. 989, 13 ; Bloviefield's Norf. (8vo.) ii. 
267 ; vi. 145 ; Nichols' Lit. Ajiecd., iv. 271. 

* Wm. Wotton, son of Rev. Henry Wotton, was admitted, pensioner, 20th June 
1682, under Mr. Verdon. " We ye fellows of St Katherine's Hall in Cambridge, 
the master being absent, doe certefye yt William Wotton, who commenced Bat- 
chelor of Arts in January 1679-80, hath behaved himselfe soberly and studiously 
during his residenc amongst us, and hath free liberty to admitte himBelf of any other 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 29 

when he came up to be admitted was but eleven years old/ and 
understood (as I have heard from all the colledge and multitudes 
of hands besides), not onlj the aforesaid languages, but also the 
French, Spanish, Italian, Assirian, Chaldean, and Arabian 
tongues. When the master admitted him, he strove to pose him 
in many books but could not. He is yet alive, and I have 
seen him frequently, he being a most excellent preacher, but a 
drunken whoring soul. It is him that has lately translated Du 
Pin's new Ecclesiastic Bibliotheke into English. 

July 28. It is a true and excellent saying of the learned 
^neas Sylvius — De regimirie civitatuTn, de mutatione regnorum^ de 
07'his imperioj 7ni7iimum est qxiod liomines possunt (hinc vero de re- 
hgWTiis constitutione multo minus) magna ynagnus disponit Deus. 
This saying pleased me mightly, and it is really owing to a good 
consideration of it that I was satisfyd with the present govern- 
ment, etc. 

The prophet Daniel likewise has a most excellent saying, which 
yielded me a great deal of satisfaction, ch. ii., v. 20, 21, 22, — 
" Blessed be the name of God for ever and ever ; for wisdom and 
might are His : and He changeth the times and the seasons : He 
removeth kings and setteth up kings : He giveth wisdom unto the 
wise, and knowledge to them that know understanding : He re- 
vealeth the deep and secret things : He knoweth what is in the 
darkness, and the light dwelleth with Him." 

Many more were the places of Scripture which I collected and 
compared, and blessed be Grod, for He at length opened my eyes. 
Blessed be His Holy Name for ever and ever. 

colle2;e. In testimony whereof wee have hereunto subscribed our nanaes, June 
20, 1682.— Cath. Hall. Nicholas Gouge, Jo. Warren, W. Miller." B.A. (St. Oath.) 
1679-80 ; M.A. (St. John's) 1683 ; B.D., 1691. Darling's Cijclopcedla, col. 2622. 
St. John's Coll. Library, pp. 9, 25, and 33. Subscriber to Spencer de Leg. 
Feb., 1727. Evelyn and many others attest his extraordinary proficiency. 
Admitted Beresford fellow, 8th Apr., 1685, in Turner's room. Rob. Grove was 
elected in Wootton's (sic) place, 26th Mar., 1694 (admitted 27th Mar.) His 
correspondent Dr. Thos. Dent (BircKs Life of Boyle, 298) ; Wotton intended to 
write Boyle's Life {Ibid. 396-9). In the preface to the reprint of Stanley's poems 
he is said to have written an eulogium on Stanley, published at the end. of 
Scfsvolcp Sammartlianl Eloyia Gallorum. Letter to him from Tancred Robinson. 
Bodl., Catal. ill., 2'J\b. Bcntley's Correspondence (ed. Wordsworth, index and 
p. 719). Index to Tanner MSS. Wm. Wotton, M.A,, of St. John's has verses in 
Academiee Cantabrig. Affectus, 1684-5. sign. Q 3&. — See Nichols' Lit. Anecd., 
iv., 253-259 ; Dr. Gower's Testimony to his Precocity ib., 258. 

' Aubrey says that Dr. Kettle, President of Trin. Coll., Oxon., came to be 
scholar there at eleven years of age. Also, that Sir John Suckling went to the 
University of Cambridge at eleven years of age, M'here he studied for three or 
four years, as he had heard. 



30 THE DIARY OF 

Sept. 3. This day I was with a gentleman that was wateing 
man to Coll. Kirk, him that saved Londonderry from being 
taken by King James. He was with his master likewise all the 
while that he commanded at Tangiers, while the great fort there 
was in the English hands. Amongst a great deal of other talk 
that we had, he said that his master, that is Coll. Kirk, was 
closseted by King James, and that the king, after he had told him 
a great many things, spoke plain unto him, and told him he 
would have him change his religion. Upon which the coll. began 
to smile, and answered him thus — " Oh, your majesty has spoke 
too late, your majesty knows that I was concern'd at Tangier, 
and being oftentimes with the Emperor of Morocco about the late 
king's affairs, he oft desired the same thing of mo, and I pass'd 
my word to him that if ever I changd my religion I would turn 
Mahometan," etc. 

Oct. 29. This month came out a book at London, entitled 
the Oracles of Reason, written by Sir Charles Blount, which was 
sent to Cambridge and elsewhere by whole parcels, for those that 
sent them durst not be known ; and because they were aitheistical, 
the Vice- Chancellor sent the bedel to demand them all from the 
booksellers, and caused them to be burnt. The author a while 
after shot himself, because that a woman refused to have him, 
but the bullet did not mortally wound him, as he deserved."* 

" Charles Blount was not an atheist but his opinions were very far from 
orthodox. He seems to have been an idealist of the school of Lord Herbert of 
Cherbury. He was the brother of Sir Thomas Pope lilount, son of Sir Henry 
Blount, a Hertfordshire gentleman, known as an author by his "Voyage into the 
Levant." Charles Blount was born in 1654, educated in his father's house. In 
1679 he published a book called " Anima Mundi, an Historical Narration of the 
opinions of the Ancients concerning Man's Soul after this Life according to 
Unenlightened Nature." In this work he was supposed to have received the 
assistance of his father. The book created great excitement and was con- 
demned by the Bishop of London. In 1680 appeared the most celebrated of his 
works, " The Tsvo First Books of Philostratus, concerning the Life of ApoUonius 
Tyaneus," written originally in Greek, and now published in English. This book 
was suppressed immediately on its appearance, and is now very rare. There 
is a copy of it in the library of the British Museum, and also one in the 
library of Lincoln College, Oxford, but the Bodleian docs not possess one. It 
was supposed, at the time of its appearance, to contain notes drawn from the 
manuscripts of Lord Herbert of Cherbury. After this appeared " Great is Diana 
of the Ephesians, KcligioLaici." "Janua Scientiarum." " A Just Vindication of 
Learning," a treatise advocating freedom of the press, and a pamphlet maintain- 
ing the claims of William and Mary to the crown of England, Scotland, and 
Ireland, on the ground of the right of conquest. This book was burned by 
order of the House of Commons. He also wrote a pamphlet defending mar- 
riage with a deceased wife's sister. His last work published after his death 
was " The Oracles of Reason," Charles Blount had a personal object ih writing 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYIIE. 31 

Nov. the Srd. This day I beheld a strange experiment, which 
I cannot think upon without admiration. Being in company 
and talking of Mr. Boyl book of the strange effects of 
languid motion, and some storys that he mentions therein, 
one amongst us, a musitioner, to!d us that he would shew 
us as strange a thing as any of those there mentioned. So 
the company breaking up, the before say'd fellow led us to that 
exceedingly strong quadrangular portico of Kaius Colledge, that 
looks towards the publick schools. And when we was got there 
he began to sing the note of a dubble doj sol, re, which he had no 
sooner sounded but that the whole portico manifestly and visibly 
trembled, as if there had been a kind of earthquake, and I 
observed that the air round about (for I stood about half a dozen 
yards of of the sayd portico), was put into such a tremulous motion 
that I could perceive several hairs of my head to ti'emble and 
shake. This is a property that has been observed to be in this 
portico tliis hundred years together. 

Dec. 19, 1693. Yesternight we had good sport! There cam© 
a great singer of Israel into the college. He was a little, well- 
shap'd, good-like man, in handsome cloaths. He had a loner 
beard and a sheephard crook in one hand, a Psalm-book in meeter 
in the other, and wherever he went he kept singing. I as[ked] 
him where he came from, he say'd out of the land of sin and 
desolation. I asked him then where he was going : to the Holy 
Land of Canan (says he) and the new Jerusalem that's just now 
descending out of Heaven. And then he began to sing again. 
Several such like answers about many things I had, that I urg'd to 
him. The lads got him into the kitchin, and there they were as 
joyfull of him as if he was a mountebank, and they made him sing 
all their supper time, and then they gave him his. And after that 
they carried him in tryumph, as it was, into the hall, and set 
him on his feet on the high round table there, and made him sing 
to them for an hower together, and then what became of him I 
do not know. 



his tract on marriage with the sister of a former wife. He was anxious to form 
a contract of this nature with the sister of his own deceased wife. The Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury, and other theologians, having declared against it, the 
lady refused to marry him, and the unfortunate author died by his own hand 
in consequence — shooting himself with a pistol at a house in the Strand. He 
survived three days after this sad act of madness. His death occurred in 
August. 1693. See Sir Alexander Croke's Genealogical Hut. of tlie House of 
Blount, vol. ii., pp. 321, 331 ; Biograph. Universelle, and Biograph. Britt., sub. 
nom. 



32 THE DIARY OF 

Awhile ago another sort of an enthusiast, viz., a Quaker, ran 
up and down the streets of this town, crying out, " Repent, re- 
pent, the day of judgment is att hand, and you must all be tryed 
for your abominations," etc. 

1694. 

January. This month it was that we sat for our degree of 
batchelors of arts. We sat three days in the colledge and were 
examin'd by two fellows thereof in retorick, logicks, ethicks, 
physicks, and astronomy ; then we were sent to the publick schools, 
there to be examined again three more days by any one that 
would. Then when the day came of our being cap'd by the Vice- 
Chancellor, wee were all call'd up in our soph's gowns and our 
new square caps and lamb-skin hoods on. There we were pre- 
sented, four by four, by our father to the yice-Chancellor, saying 
out a sort of formal presentation speech to him. Then we had 
the oaths of the dutys we are to observe in the university read to 
us, as also that relating to the Articles of the Church of England, 
and another of allegiance, which we all swore to. Then we evezy 
one register'd our own names in the university book, and after 
that, one by one, we kneel'd down before the Vice-Chancellour's 
knees, and he took hold of both of our hands with his, saying to 
this effect, " Admitto te,'' &c. " I admitt you to be batchellour 
of arts, upon condition that you answer to your questions ; rise 
and give God thanks." Upon that as he has done with them one 
by one they rise up, and, going to a long table hard by, kneel 
down there and says some short prayer or other as they please. 

About six days after this (which is the end of that day's work, 
we being now almost batchellors) we go all of us to the schools, 
there to answer to our questions, which our father always tells us 
what we shall answer before we come there, for fear of his 
puting us to a stand, so that he must be either necessitated to 
stop us of our degrees, or else punish us a good round summ of 
monny. But we all of us answer'd without any hesitation ; we 
were just thirty-three of us, and then having made us an excel- 
lent speech, he (I mean our father) walk'd home before us in 
triumph, so that now wee are become compleat battchellors, 
praised be God ! 

I observed that all these papers of statutes was thus imperfect 
at the bottom, which makes me believe that they were very much 
infected with Jacobiteism. 

At this time Prince Lewis of Baden was highly caress'd in 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 33 

our court by tlio king and all the nobility. IIo had twenty 
dishes a meal allowed him, and the king, to honnour him the 
more, delegated a great number of his gentlemen pentioners to 
wait upon him. He was a man, thoy say, that could not drink 
for all he was a Dutchman, yet he loved Christmas games, and 
I have heard that he lost 1000/. Stirling to the Earl of Mulgrave. 
There was bear's baitings, bulls' sport, and cock fighting insti- 
tuted for his diversion and recreation. But above all he admired 
cock fighting, saying that had he not seen it lie never could have 
thought that there could have been so much vallor and mair- 
nanuTiity in any bird under heaven. He liked England very 
well, and once say'd, amongst some lords, that it was as happy 
and glorious a country as any in Eui'ope, but easily might bo 
the best of any in the world, if the inhabitants thereof would but 
understand and make use of the happiness thereoff. What he 
came about is as yet kept secret however. Pie sent an express to 
the Emperor that he had succeeded in his negociation. He being 
ready now for his departure, the king has presented him with 
twelve of the finest horses that was ever seen, and the queen has 
bestow'd upon him several household vessels of gold. Since I 
writt the former, our letters tells us further that the king has 
made him another gift of 1000 five pound ^^ieces. A noble pre- 
sent ! 

February. Being on the 3d instant in company we began to 
talk of the great strength of some men, botli of ancient arid 
modern times. There Avas some gentlem[en] by that instanced 
in a great many Engl[ish] of late years that we[re] prodigys of 
strength. There is one Kighly now alive, a gentleman akin to the 
the Earl of ... . who would kill the best horse or ox 
ith' world with a stroke of his bare fist. He is of so prodigious 
a strength that he would easily with one hand break the iron 
bar of a window in piece, or shatter an oak stick in pieces by 
shaking of it. He would take two men from of a table upon 
the palm of his hand and carry them twenty yards together. ] 
heard of several more that could take new horse-shoes betwixt 
their hands and easily straight them, etc. Several in our com- 
pany had heard of most of these things before from very good 
witnesses, and they confirm'd the same. 

Many believes it to be certainly true that K. Charles the 2d 

dy'd a papist, and I have heard several gentlemen say that, as 

soon as ever he was perceived to be sick, the papists would not 

let any of the reformed come to him, but only papists. Others 

D 



64: THE DIARY OF 

believe charitably that he dy'd a protestant, and that this story of 
his dying a papist was only an invention to delude the country, 
and it is manifest that the papists beyond see even doubted whether 
it was true or no, as appears from a ])assage in Voyages of the 
Jesuites to Siam, written by father Tascard. However, let him 
dy as he would, how it was is unknown to us, and only known to 
God ; yet we all know how he lived, giving himself up to nothing 
but debauchery, caring not what end went foremost if he but 
enjoy'd his misses. But I will not say any more, these things 
are better buried in oblivion than committed to memory. 

Febr. 14. This day I received twelve little retorts and three 
receivers from London, to try and invent experiments, and all the 
things that I shall do I intend to put them down in a proper book, 
and in imitation of the most learned Democritus, to give them 
the title of xeipiKM-ira, as he did his, which being interpreted im- 
plys E.vperhnents of my oivn Personal Trying. 

The retorts cost me 4d. a piece at London, and the receivers 
6d., and I pay'd for their carriage from thence hither Is. 6d. 

March. The 29th instant I began my journey from Cambridge 
(having now got my degrees) into the country. From Cambridge 
we went to Huutincrton, and then lea vino; the hiffh road on our rio-ht 
we went to Haverburough, commonly called Harburg, which is a 
very fine, stately, magnificent market town, having a great many 
good houses and tradesmen in the same. From thence wee went 
[to] Leicester, which is but a large open town standing in a 
valley, ofip no strength at all, nor indeed can it be of any, it is so 
badly situated ; neither is there a castle nor anything of defence 
that I could see, except a pittifull old foursquare fort, which is 
turn'd into a prison. There is a good many very handsome 
buildings in the town, and about five or six churches. From 
thence we went (through a great many little towns of no note) to 
Darby, which is a town mighty well situated, and adorned 
with many good and stately buildings, and is reckoned a rich 
town, tho' it is but built upon an indifferent soil. There is but some 
two or three churches in it at most. The spring and well waters 
tasts mighty strong of the limestone. Here are a great many 
rarities to see in and near this place, but having no time I could 
[not] go to see them. From thence, as I went along, I chanced 
to observe a leaden pump, and as I rid through Andslcy" by my 

" Annesley. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 35 

Lord Chawortli's park, I saw sheep therein with four horns 
apiece. There are also therein a great many wild beasts, etc. 
From thence I came to Mansfield, which is a very handsome well 
built town ; and from thence by mistake to Bedford, which is like- 
wise well built, and of great trade. It has two churches in it, etc. 
From thence in a few hours I came to Bautry, and then through 
Hatfield, and so to the Levils, where, blessed be God ! I found our 
whole family in indifferent good health. 

In my whole journey from Cambridge hither I observed 
several ruins in the little towns that I went through of ancient 
religious houses. 

Having rested myself a day or two, I went about some business 
to Doncaster. When Doncaster was builded is uncertain, however 
it sufiiciently appears to be a town of considerable antiquity. 
Some think that it was built by the Romans, because it has a 
Lattine name, being derived from the word Don or Dun, which is 
the name of the river that runs through it, and castrum, a castle 
or fort, which they built there : others say that it was built by 
the Dains, and called Doncaster, quasi Daincaster, a Danorum 

castris." About the year it was burnt down by 

lightning, and in Cromwell's days there was two or three valiant 
acts committed there by the royalists of Pomfract, etc. However, 
this is and always has been a town of good note, trade, and build- 
ings. It has had a strong castle in it, the ruins of which is 
visible in the walls of some houses. There has likewise been two 
churches, and a chappel which [has] now fiilln cpiite to ruin, except 
onely the great church which is dedicated to St. George. There 
is the reliques also of a religious house, in part of the ruins of 
which I have seen the entrance into a private subterranian pas- 
sage, which runs under the river in full length, two or three miles 
to another ancient monastry. 

April. The 5th of this month I went to pay my respects to 
that ingenious gentleman Mr. Corn[elius] Lee.^ After much kind 
reception he carry 'd me up into the chamb[er] to see his unkleCapt. 

" See Tlunfer's South Yorlishire, vol. i., p. 1. 

P De la Pryme appears to be in error in calling Capt. E. Sandys miclc to 
Mr. Cornelius Lee. It was the reverse. See ped. of Lee, Ihmtcr's South 
Yorkshire, I., 177. Cornelius Lee's sister, Elizabeth, however, married 
Thomas, afterwards Sir Thomas Sandys, and not Edwin Sandys, as there 
stated. They were married at Hatfield 12th May, 1641. Robert Lee, father 
of Cornelius, in his will, 5th April, 1659, names his son-in-law, Sir Thos. Sandys, 
to whom he bequeaths Is. in satisfaction of his wife's portion, which portion 
he had had with ample addition — names Edwin, Thomas, and Henry, sons 



36 



THE DIARY OF 



Edwin Sandys's armouiy, which indeed was very well worth 

6i said Sir Thomas S. To Katherine S., dau. of Sir Thomas S., 301., when 21. 
Residue to Thomas Lee, his eldest son, and he exor. 
The pedigree should stand thus : — 

Robert Lee, of Hatfield, Esq. Will d.=j=I'rances, bur. at Hat- 
5 Ap., 1659, p. at York, 8 Aug., 16G3. | field, 5th Sep., 1G55. 



1 

Thomas 


1 
Coi-nelius Lee.of Hat- 


1 
Eliza- = 


=Sir 


1 

Susan = 


=John 


Lee, eld. 


field, bap. 1 May, 1629, 


beth, 


Tho- 


bap. 19 


Walker, 


son, bap 


bur. 20 June, 1701, 


mar. 


mas 


Septem., 


of Mans- 


atH..2:3 


will d. 29 Oct., 1699, 


at Hat 


San- 


1626, m. 


field, 


Sep. 1624 


pro. 6th Feb., 1701-2. 


field. 


(lys, 


at H. 23 


Notts, 


died ill 


A cornet of horse in 


12th 


Knt. 


October, 


gent. 


June, 


the king's army in 


May, 




1654. 




1699. 


the civil wars. 


1641. 









r 

Thomas 
bap. 4th, 
bur. 9th 
Decern., 
1642, at 
H. 



Edwin Sandys 
Captain in the 
EarlofO.Kfords 
Reg., bur. at 
Hatfield, 19th 
Oct., 1702. s.p. 



Thomas Sandys 
bap. at H. 9th 
Nov. 1G46, of 
Tempsford, co. 
Bedford, clerk, 
living 1701. 



Henry Sandys, of 
the par. of St. Mar- 
tin's in the Fields, 
London, a capt. 
" Chiliarohus," liv- 
ing 1704. 



I 

Elizabeth, 
bap. 7th 
Feb. 1648- 
9. bur. 7 
January, 
1652-3. 



Kath- 
erine, 
bap. 7 
Feb. 
1648- 
9. 



Sir Thomas Sandys above named is described in the Hatfield register, at the 
baptism of his son Thomas, 1646, as Knight and Baronet (Mil. et Bar.), but 
tliat must be a mistake, for when he died, admon. of the goods etc " Dni 
Thomse Sandys nuper de Hatfield milltls defuncti" {York Act Soo/i) was granted 
to Edwin Sandys, Esq., his son, who, had his father been also a baronet, would 
then have succeeded to the same title. 

Captain Sandys's, baptism does not occur at Hatfield, that I can discover. 
Nor have I succeeded in ascertaining the dates of his commissions. The Earl 
of Oxford's Regt. of Horse Guards, or " Oxford's Blues," is now the Royal Regt. 
of Horse Guards Blue. Probably Sandys entered as captain, as men of position 
used in those days to do. From th.e Historical Records of the British Army, 
by R. Cannon, Esq., of the A. G. Office, it appears that Tangier being in 1680 
threatened by the Moors, a considerable force was embarked to place that 
fortress in a state of defence. A troop of the Royal Regt. of H. G. under Capt. 
Sandys was ordered to form part of the expedition, but was afterwards counter- 
manded. In 1685 Capt. Sandys's troop was at the battle of Sedgemoor. In a 
list of officers of the Royal Regt. of Horse, 1687, Harl. MSS., No. 7018, the fol- 
lowing appear as his troop — Capt., Edwin Sandys ; Lieut., Charles Turner ; 
Cornet, Samuel Oldfield. Capt. Sandys is mentioned in the terriers of Hatfield 
as the donor of a clock, or "watch," to the church there. — An Edwin Sandys, 
a royalist captain in the regiment commanded by Thomas Colepeper, was, in 
1663, a suppliant for the royal bounty. — List of Officers Claimirui to the Sixty 
Thousand Pounds Granted by His Majesty for the Relief of his Truly Loyal and 
Indigent Party, 4to, 1663, p. 29. 

Cornelius Lee was a collector of antiquities, etc., Thoresby, who was on a 
visit at Capt. Hatfeild's, at Hatfield, 2d Sept., 1694, says he " made also a visit 
to Cornet Lee's who shewed me his collection of rarities, pictures, and 
armoury." {Diary I., 263.) On the 18th Jany., 1695, he mentions that he went 
" to visit my cousin, Mr. Cornelius Lee, and view his collection of curiosities, 
when he presented me with his grand-father's pickadilly," (a ruff,) {Diary L, 
289.) Dr. Johnston states in his MSS. that he saw in the possession of Corn- 
elius Lee a large wooden cup which was found in the ruins of the castle at 
Thome, which had this verse carved about it in old characters : — 
Weel Tver hym yat wist 
In ivhoavi he movyht trist. 
It afterwards came into the possession of Lord Irwin. Will 29th Oct., 1699. 
Cornelius Lee of Hatfield, gent. All my houses and lands in Hatfield, or else- 



abraha:m de la pry.me. 37 

seeing, and amongst other things I beheld a whole suit of cloathes, 
coat, britches, stockings, shoes, gloves, and cap, all made of 
badger skins withe hair on, which was outward, and told me this 
story of the same. The Capt, when he was in the last Irish 
wars, was one of those that was sent into Limerick to agree with 
them about articles of surrender. When he knew that he was 
appointed to be one of them, he put on all this apparel, and went 
amongst the rest into the town ; but all those that saw the Capt. 
were so frighted that they did not know what to do ; all their 
eyes were upon him, and none had any mind to come near him. 
But one ask'd him who he was. " Zounds, man " (says he) " I am 
a Laplander, and there be aleim [i.e., eleven] thousands of us in dis 
country, and if yee will not agree to surrender soon, by the 
eternal God ! we will cut you all as small as meat for pyes. Wee 
be all clothed in de skins of beasts, and a piece of an L'ish child's 
flesh is as good as venison," etc. And so he hector'd them ith' 
town, and told several of them the same tale, which frighted 
the vulgar exceedingly. But, however, the town surrendered in 
a few days. 

At this town they were put to such want of meat for their 
horses that they, having eaten every thing that was eatable, were 
forc'd at last for to send the fori'agers out to cut down bows of trees, 
and bring them to feed on, and lived of them thus for fifteen or 
twenty days. This 1 had from the cap [tain's] own mouth. 

April. The 9th instant I was at the house of Peter Lelew,^ w^ho 

where within that manor, to John Hatfield, Esq., and Wm. Eratt, clerk, in trust 
(subject to a legacy of £50 to my niece Catherine Sandys, — an annuity of 243. 
to sd. Cath. and dole to the poor of Hatfield and Kirk Bramwith) to the 
only proper use and behoof of my dear nephew, Captn. Edwin Sandys, and 
his heirs for ever. All my tythes, lands and ten, in Campsall, Norton and 
Sutton to my two nephews, Thos. and Henry Sandys, and to their heirs for ever. 
To my niece Lee Barker, ^50. Sd. John Hatfield and Wm. Eratt, exors. They 
renounced 24th Jan., 1701-2, and admon. was granted, 6th Feb., 1701-2, to Capt. 
Edwin Sandys, nephew of sd. deed. This will is not registered. 

9 The name of Lelew does not occur in the "Lyste of the seueral owners 
of the Dyckage of Haitfielt Chace," Anno Domini 1635, in the before-quoted 
MS. in Mr. Peacock's possession. It is, however, one of those given by Hunter, 
in his list made from the register of the chapel of Sandtoft (see S. Y., i. 169-70), 
and it is of frequent occurence in the parish register of Hatfield. Pieter le 
Leu in 1681, along with others, on behalf of themselves and the rest of the ten- 
ants of the newly drained lands, represented to the Court of Sewers their want 
of a minister, in consequence of which many of the lands were at that time 
unoccupied. (See S.Y., i. p. 170). On 23 April, 1752, Susanna, dau. of Isaac 
and Mary le Leu, married Mr. Thomas Dunderdale, of the Levels, whose great 
grandson, Mr. James Dunderdale, of Manchester, now living, is the owner of a 
large French Bible formerly belonging to the Le Leu family, as noticed at page 
4. ante. 



38 THE DIARY OF 

because he had been cxceedincr sick last summer I asked him con- 
cernino- his distemper, and by what methods he was cured. He 
say'd he was taken ahnost of a sudden, as he was at an adjacent 
town, with an exceeding faintness, and by degrees a weakness in 
all his limbs, so that he could scarce go, attended with a pain in 
his syde, which increased day by day. He lay thus sick, pained, 
and weak, several weeks, nobody thinking he would ever* recover; 
but at last he did by this medicine (when all others were found 
inefficatious). He was order'd to take the jeuice of new stoned 
horse dung mingled with strong beer. No sooner had he taken 
a draught of this down but that it made all the blood in his 
veins boil, and put all his humours into such a general fermen- 
tation that he seemed to be in a boyleing kettle, etc. And this 
it was that cured him. He coveted strong beer mightily, but 
when he was recovered he could not love his horse for half a year 
after. 

It is very credibly and certainly reported that the King of 
France sayd to King James after some few complements when 
they first met, " Come, come, King James, sit down here at my 
right hand, I'll make your enemys your footstool ! " etc. But 
this he sayd after that he was a little pacify'd. But at first of 
all when he heard that the king was driven out of his dominions 
he was in an exceeding great rage, and, di'awing his sword, he 
swore by the blood of Christ that he would never put it up till 
he had re-established King James on his throne; and the queen 
swore that she would never put off her smock till she either see 
or heard that that was done. 

April 30. There came hither a while ago newse that the 
famous butcher of Leeds is going to run a great race on the 10th 
of the next month for five hundred pound. This man is the 
mix'acle of the age for running. His name is Edm. Preston,'' 
and yet follows his ti'ade, for all he has thousands of pounds 
by his heels. His common race is ten or twelve miles, which he 
will easily run in less than an bower. 

There was a great runner, a Cheshire man by birth, who was 
the king's footman, who, hearing of this man's fame, sent a chal- 
lenge to him. They both met about Leeds. The Cheshire gentle- 
men took their countryman's side, and the Yorkshiremen took 

'■ Thoresby alludes to this man, whom he calls " the Leeds butcher, 
Edwai'd Preston, who was esteemed one, at least, of the beat footmen in Eng- 
land. £3000 were said to be won by him in one day. in 1683."' — Dlarij I., p. 
169. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 39 

their countryman's side, and 'tis thought that there were five or 
SIX thousand spectators upon the spot. Both sides were sure, as 
thej thought, to wni, so that many of them layd all they had— 
houses and hinds, sheep and oxen, and anything that would sell 
B.xt when they ran, the butcher outran him half in half and 
broke almost the poor fullow's heart, who lived not long after. 
f3ut there was such work amongst the wagerers that they were 
almost a'l fitt to go together by the ears. Many people lost all 
they had. Many whole familys were ruin'd. A;id people that 
came a great many miles, that had staked their horses and lost 
were forced to go home af ,ot. This happen'd in the last year of 
Kmg James. After which he was sent up for to London, by 
some lord, whose name I have forgott, who kept him there under 
the name of a miliar, and disfigured him so that no one could 
know hnu. _ After that he had kept him a great while, he made 
a match with another man, a famous runner, telling him his 
miller should run with him. But, in short, the miller bet and 
won for his master many thousands of pounds. 

There are such strange storys told of this man that they are 
almost incredible : and 1 believe that Alexander's footman, that 
was so famous, was never comparable unto him for swiftness. I 
long to hear what he will win at this raise, for there is no fear 
but he will beat. There is gone four or five hundred people from 
hereabouts to see him run. 

May 19. Yesterday I received two letters from Cambridge, 
giving an account of all the newse, and whatever was most me- 
morable. In one of them I received a long account of a house 
that was pretended to be hanted, to this effect : — 

About a month ago it began to berumor'd abroad that Volantine 
Aust]n'shouse^overagainstourcoll[ege] began to [be] haunted, and 
strange noises were as it were heard up and down about the 
house, and thus it stood for the most part of the week, but were 
more and more buz'd up and down the town. The second week the 
noises began to be greater, and pebbles and little stones began 
to be thrown here and there through a hole under the door. 
Thus the sport continued most of that week The room, 
which was haunted, was a low ceeled room with a celler under it, 
having a bed in the room in which the Mr. and Mrs. lay every 
night. They pretended to be mighty fearfull, and gave any one 
liberty to go where he would and search about the house. But 
the third week now coming on, on Monday night, about 2 a clock 

* This man is by trade a painter, but a poor man. 3Iarginal Note by 
Diarist. 



40 THE DIARY OF 

at night it made a great hollow noise and gingl'd monney, and 
broke the windows by flinging Httle stones at them, and raised a 
stink of brimstone, and frighted several old poor women that 
watched, so that they run away into the street, and came there no 
more. But next morning all the town almost believed it, and at 
night there was above three score people flocking about the door 
to hear this spirit, among whom there was S'- Hall,' S""- Harrop," S'^- 
Millard," and several other scholars of our coll[ege] of my accquain- 
tance. "Come, sais one of them, " fetch us a good pitcher of ale, 
and tobacco and pipes, and wee'l sit up and see this spirit." 
" With all our hearts," say'd three or four more ; so they sent for 
the ale, and, as they went in, the people exclaimed against them 
sadly, crying " Oh, you wicked wretches, will you have the divel 
to fetch you?" etc. Then, as soon as they got in, the man and 
woman being in bed ith' room, they exclaimed against them 
again, but they cared not, but sat singing and drinking there till 
morning, but neither heard nor saw anything. But the night 
after, which was Wednesday night, Mr. Walker, minister of the 
Round Church, and some more with him, hearing of all that had 
pass'd, went to pray in the house, and, as they were praying, they 
heard a great bellowing voice, and in at the window out of the 
fold was flung a great pot of paint with such force that it broke 
all the glass window in pieces, and had like to have bitten Mr. 
Walker on the head. All which time there was at least a hundred 
people before the dore, but when they heard such a noise, away 
they all ran as if the divel was in them, and as soon as they had 
ended their prayers away went they, also sadly frighted, and 
fully satisfy'd that it was the divel ! Now the whole town was in 
an uproar, and nothing but the divel was in every one's mouth. 
Nay, Mr. Walker had no more witt but to make a long sermon 
the next Sunday to his people in the Round Church about it, and 
to tell them the whole story of the same. 

Thursday night, Friday night, and Saturday night nothing 
was heard, tho' there was a great many earnestly expecting the 

' Clifford Hall, of St. John's, son of the Rev. John Hall, born at Fording- 
bridge, Hants, educated at Eton, under Rodriok, admitted pensioner, 2Sth Aug., 
1688, aet. 18, under Mr, Browne. He has verses in Lacrymcc Cantabrig.KJ'di-if. 
Sign. P2.; was B.A., 1692-3 ; M.A., 1696. 

» Obadiah Harrop, of St. John's, B.A., 1693-4, M.A., 1697. Abdias (so it is 
in the Latin) Harrope, son of the Rev. Jas. Harrope, born at Lamesley, Durham, 
educated at Usworth, under Mr. Stannick, admitted pensioner 30th May, 1690, 
jet. 18, under Mr. Orchard. 

" John Millerd, of St. John's, B.A., 1693-4. John Millard (so writes himself) 
son of Henry Millard, Esq., born at London ; educated at St. Paul's under Dr. 
Gale ; admitted sizar for Mr. Armstrong, 1st May, 1690, let. 17, under Mr. Orch- 
ard. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PKTME. 41 

same But, Sunday night there being but few watchers, viz., 
toui- old women, it made a great noise and gingled money, and 
flung 6s mto the room, which ]ay there all the following day, and 
nobody durst take or meddle, with it. & >? ' 

It being nois'd about that the disturber was come atrain m 
Jienyon,'^feUow of our coll[ege] and Mr. Hope,' and Mr.%edlam ^ 
two of our fellows more, with young Sir Fran. Leicest^r,^ made aii 
agreement amongst themselves to go thither exactly when the 
disturber was playing his pranks, and to shoot off their pistols 
towards any place where the noise was heard. So having on 
Monday night by one of their spys had information that the dis- 
turber was heard, they all went, and rushing together into the 
room talked high and chairged their pistols before the people's 
faces that were there, and protested they would discharge tiem 
towards the place where any noise was heard, saying that it was 
a shame that a rogue and a villane should make such a noise in a 
town and disturb the whole neighbourhood with his knavish tricks 



etc. 



Edward Kenyon, 8on of Edward Kenyon, rectoi of Prestwich Lane 

ffi^^^ ,/* Stockport School, under Mr. Needham : entered pensioner 6th May' 

1681, set. 16 under Mr. Yerdon. Admitted Gregson fellow, 8th Apr. 1685 His 

place was filled by Eoger Kay, 19th Mar., 1688-9. B.A., 1684 ; M A 1688 

Roger Kenyon, son of Edward Kenyon, rector of Prestwich, Lanc.,''deceased 

At btockport bchool, under Mr. Needham ; admitted pensioner 10th Apr 1682 

ni^i^n'o ^ej'io^'.^t. 15 Admitted licentiate of the Coll. of Physicians, 22d 

T f f ' ' w 1 ^^^J""""^' ^1^*3 at St. Germains. Helped the publication of Chas 

on 28th FpS'-ifit T^"?,^ ^'^4°° ^^"°^' ^^^^ ^^"•' 1686-7, in room of Ashton. 
on ^bth J'ebr., 1694-5. Eoger Kenyon was elected to a medical fellowship in 

i/ac u t"^^^^^ ^°°™- Theobald was elected in Kenyon's place 10th June 
1696, but gave way again to Kenyon, 19th Apr., 1697. On 15th Mar., 1713-4* 
??■ ?«fi^^^° Z^^ ^^^.^^'^ (admitted 16th Mar.) into Kenyon's vacak room! 
a.A., 1680-6. Roger Kenyon " an able and orthodox divine," minister of Ac 
crington, 1650 (TOrtaA^r'# W?uilley, 123, 395) must have been of the family 
. -A ^o'^Ji Hope, son of the Rev. Mark Hope, bom at Keddlaston, Derbv • 
at Derby School, under Mr. Ogden ; admitted pensioner 24th Apr., 1682 set cast 

16, under Mr. Coke. Admitted Plat fellow, 19th Mar., 1688-9, in Churchman's 
room. On 7th April, 1707, Wm. Wigmore was elected (adm. 9 Apr 1707^ in 
Hope's room. B.A.. 1685-6. i"^;it<Ji )in 

y Richard Headlam, son of thelate John Headlam, Esq., bom at Kexbv York 
Educated at Pocklington School, under Mr. Elletson. Admitted pensioner 26th 
May, 1682, under Mr. BiUers. Admitted fellow of St. John's, 5th Apr 1688 in 
the room of Dr. Watson. On the 11th of April, 1698, Rob. Read, co York was 
elected into Headlam's room (admitted 12th Apr., 1698). On the 31st Mar 

, lol' -. J?^^^ ^^^ ^^^^^^ (a<im- 1st. Ap., 1707), into Headlam's room. B a'' 
1685-6 ; M.A., 1696. ' '' 

* Sir Francis Leicester, Bart., eon of Sir Rob. L., Bart., bom at Tablev 
Chester, educated at Eton, was admitted fellow commoner, 6th Apr 1692 st 

17, under Mr. Orchard. He took no degree. He was M.P. for Newton' co" 
L-anc; mar. Frances d. and h. of Joshua Wilson, Esq., of Colton.. co York 'and 
^dow of Bryan Thomhill, Esq., by whom he had one d. He died 5th Aug 
1742, when the baronetcy became extinct. ' 



42 THE DIAKY OF 

But the divelisli disturber having att this thought it best to be 
packing, and never to come there more, so accordingly they 
frighted him so that never any more disturbance was heard there, 
and so ended the whole scene of imposture, for every one but 
old wives and other such like half-witted people never reckoned 
it to be anything else. 

On Monday night likewise there being a great number of 
people at the door, there chanced to come by Mr. Newton," fellow 
of Trinity College : a very learned man, and perceiving our 
fellows to have gone in, and seeing several scholars about the 
door, " Oh ! yee fools," says he, " will you never have any witt, 
know yee not that all such things are meer cheats and impos- 
tures ? Fy, fy ! go home, for shame," and so he left them, 
scorning to go in. 

It is a strange and wonderful thinor to consider into what 
enthusiastic whimseys almost all the nation fell in Cromwel's days, 
but especially all those that were enemys to the king, for God 
surely blinded them in their own ways, and confounded them in 
their own paths. Yet these men were the onely saints of the 
times, every one that was not of their party were accounted sin- 
ners and reprobates, and those fine times were then the days of 
the reforming of the church, and the rooting out of vice. But 
where was there more vitious times than them ? where was there 
more wickedness ever done under the colour of reforming than 
they did? For they turn'd not onlly the whole land but all 
religion upside down, and never was a nation surely sinc€ 
the world begun so infatuated as they were then. The 
justices of peace raarryed people then, and the ceremony in many 
places was no more than thus — when they came before the 
justice, he would say thus, — "What is your name?" to the 
man, then, " What is your name?" to the woman. When they 
had told him, then he sayd, " Have you a mind to be marry'd 
together ? " " Yes." " Well, then take you this man to your 
husband, and take you this woman to your wife, — of all which I 
myself am witness," said he, and so the marriage was ended. 
They never heeded in what place they were married, but would 
have mett these justices a hunting, or courseing, or at the ale 
house or taverns, or anywhere, and they would immediately 
have marry'd them. Then, when a child was born, and was 
brought to be christened, it was thus : — The father himself brings 
his child to the church, to the reading-desk, where having a 
bason of water ready, the priest asks the father whether that be 

" Afterwards Sir Isaac Newton. — See ante p. 23, 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 43 

his son or no? then, "What will you have him called?" and 
then nameing the name, he ba])tized them with the usual words, 
In the name of the Father, etc. But they had such names for 
their children in them days that posterity will never believe, such 
as these, — Praise God, Love Chnst, Child of God, Faitliful, 
Increas, Chearfull, Blessed be God, Praise, Victory, Fear God, 
Conquer tliy Kneinys, and Cromwel had a commander call'd 
Praise God Ba7'ebones if you lire, and his surname was Ironsides. 
And I knew two, one call'd Love the Lord all your life Wilson, 
and the other Deliverance Smyth, etc.* 

I having oft heard that King James closeted several, nay even 
most, of the great men that were Protestants, and that were in 
office in his times, I never understood the business so thoroughly 
before as till this day that I chanced to be in company with a 
great man's son whose father was done so by. And this brings 
into my head that I have oft heard that ingenious young man, 
Mr. Bohun (Mr. Edm[und] Bohun's son), who is now dead, tell 
how that his father, who was a justice of peace, was sent for by 
the king, and examined about several things very privately in 
his closset, and at last he told him that if he expected his favour 
lie must be very kind to the Papists, and likewise be one of his 
communion. To which he answered immediately that he could 
not possibly be so. To which the king replyed in a great fury, 
" Well, look what follows," and the very next day he was turned 
out of his office, etc., etc., etc. 

I have heard of a great many more that gave the king such 
like answers, and they likewise were turned out of whatever office 
they had. Others turn'd themselves out for fear of the worst. 

Cap [tain] Edwin Sandys," a very ingenious man, a good 
scholar, and one that has been almost in all engagements whether 
beyond sea or at home for this twenty years, being of the Earl of 
Oxford's regiment, the king took occasion one day to send for 
him, and having brought him into his closet he begun to talk 

* In the parish register of Wadworth, co. York, occurs the marriage of 
Samuel Cockaine with Jesset Banishment Deliverance Saunderson, 22 Jan, 1694-5. 
The Kev. Samuel Bower, Rector of Sprotborough, 1632-1634, had a daughter 
named Deliverance, wife of William Beaumont of Doncaster, Alderman, 
whose widow she was in 1703. 

Mr. G. Steinman Steinman communicated to Notes and Queries (4th S. III., 
p. 215), the fact that in the church register of St. Andrew, Holborn, it is re- 
corded that there was buried 5th Jany., 1679-80, 

" Praise God Barebone, at ye ground near ye Artillery." 

'= The diarist has first written Esq., and afterwards altered it to Kt. without 
explanation. E. S. is described in the register of his burial, 19th Oct., 1702, as 
" Capt. Edwin Sands " only. Probably allusion was intended to be made to 
Sir Thomas Sandys. 



44 THE DIARY OF 

about this and that, and at last told him wliat he would do for 
him, and how great a commander he should be if he would but 
be a Catholik. To whom the Cap[tain] repHed (in a bigg hoarse 
voyce, as he always spoke), " I understand your Majesty well 
enough. I fear God, and I honour the king, as I ought, but 
I am not a man that is given to change," which unexpected 
answer so stopped the king's mouth that he had not a word to say. 
Within a few days after, the Cap[tain] went to the Earl of 
Oxford, and would needs have given his commission up and gone 
into Holland, etc., but the Earl would not accept of it, but 
whispered him in the ear, saying, " These things will not last 
long," meaning these actions of the king. And, just about a 
quarter of a year after, the revolution happened. 

Yet for all this, when it was happening, yet this good Cap- 
[tain] got into Windsor Castle, and kept it for the king, untill he 
run out of the land, etc. 

This relation of him I had from an intimate friend and rela- 
tion of his, and once I heard the Capt[ain] own it. But he is so 
modest a man that he never tells any of his actions but to his 
intimate friends in private. 

Not being well pleased with the country, the' I was mighty 
much made on there, and had every thing that I could desire, I 
however begun my journey for Cambridge again on the 1st of 
July, 1694. The first day I ridd by Newark (which is a very 
handsome town, well situated, and of great trade ; there are the 
reliques of a mighty large and strong old castle, built after the 
old manner like forts, which castle held out mightily in Crom- 
well's time for the king, to Grantam, which place is famous for a 
delicate high steeple. Having lodged there that night, the next 
day by noon I got to Stamfoi'd, which is a pleasant town, very 
large and well peopled. It has some six or seven churches in 
it, etc. From thence I came to Huntington, and from thence to 
my long wish'd for place of Cambridge. 

But I had like to have forgot, as wee were coming upon the 
road, wee saw Belvior Castle, a castle indeed, strongly seated 
upon a steep mountain, and in very good repair. 'Tis the seat of 
the Earl of Rutland,'' whose estate is near twenty-three thousand 
per annum. He keeps constantly seaven score servants in pay, 
and is a man mightily beloved round about in the country. At 
the foot of this castle on the one side is as fine gardens as can 
possibly bee seen, and on the other is my lord's bakehouses, brew- 

<* John, tenth Earl of Rutland, created 29th March, 1703, Marquess of 
Granby, and Duke of Rutland, died 11th January, 1711. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PKYJIE. 45 

houses, stables, and other such hko out (IwclHiigs. All tlioir pro- 
visions the[y] get up with a mighty deal of trouble, the hill is so 
steep, and there is no riding up it no sort of way, unless people 
have a mind to break their necks, but as it were by winding 
stairs. 

The next day I got to Cambridge, and was very well pleased 
to find all my friends and acquaintance in heakh. I blessed God 
for my being got out of the country, for when I was there they 
wearyed me almost of my life by [saying] that all learning was 
foolish further than that that woidd make the pot boyl. So little 
praise and thanks had I for studdying so much at Cambridge, 
etc. 

4th.^ This morning I enquired of several about the truth of 
Vol, Austin's house beino: hanted, and I found it confirm'd on 
every hand, and that it was all just so as I had it wi'itten to me 
some months ao;o from Cambridge. But none that I can meet 
with, except old foolish women, believes that it was any thing 
else than a meer cheat and imposture. 

5th. Memorandum. I have heard Capt[ain] Sandys, a learned 
ingenious man, protest that he himself has seen Will[iam] Pen 
the great Quaker's name up in King James's da3'S amongst the 
name of the Jesuit converts at Doway. I heard likewise from 
one who had been several times at Pen's house that he lives like 
a king, and had always plenty of all sorts of wine in his house, 
and good victuals, and that commonly, when he had any 
strangers, their meat was all served up in silver plates. I have 
heard likewise several times how he came to turn Quaker, from 
several good hands, which was this. He being brought up in 
Oxford was a fellow commoner there, and after that he had been 
there a great while desired something of them, which they would 
not grant. Upon which he swore he would make them all re- 
pent it. Upon which, in a great huff, he left the college, and, 
going down into the country, joyn'd himself to the seism of the 
Presbiterians ; but they having cross'd him in one of his projects, 
he turns to the Quakers, and immediately they made him 
their head; and he could rule them, foolish enthusiasts, as he 
pleased, and so he has continued amongst them unto this day. 
He carried many hundreds of familys with him into Pensilvania, 
which he so called from himself, and gave them land there. 
But, alas ! they were in a few years most of them either pined 
to dead, or else knock'd oth' head by the wild Indians. 

' Month not given. 



46 THE DIARY OF 

Pen bono-ht a great many of their estates of tliem, and then 
sent tiit'in over. He changed so many hundreds of akers there 
with the like number of akers here, and then sent the silly 
deluded people over to possess it. He did abundance of such 
tricks in K[ing] Ch[arles] the Second's days. 

On the instant there passed the seals at London a grant 

to a gentleman to make and use post coaches, which he undertakes 
shall carry several persons a hundred miles in twenty hours. 

\_Here several pages seem to he loantincf, and the diarist next 
appears to be referring to Peter borougli^. 

My observations on the famous minster, or religious house, 
that was formerly thereby. 

The Mi[n]ster is a most stupendous piece of work, built after 
a most wonderfull, majestick, manner, it being almost inconciev- 
able what a prodigious deal of pains, cost, and labour has been spent 
in the raising and perfecting of the same. When I went in it, I 
found how much it had suffer'd in the late damnable wars, for 
here it was that they kept their horses, and defiiced all the curious 
monuments therein. They pull'd some thousands of pounds of 
brass from the grave-stones and monuments ; and wherever there 
was a curious statue they pull'd it in pieces. But yet there re- 
mains several old tombstones with Saxon letters upon. They 
defac'd likewise [the] tomb of Quefn Catharin wife to Har[ry] 
8, who lys on the left side of the chappel in the minster, and 
likewise that of Mary the Queen of Scots, who lay on the right. 
There lay likewise two bishops of York, hard by the altar, who 
dyd above 690 years ago, but their curious monuments were like- 
wise destroyed. The altar was one of the finest in the whole 
world, most of black and white marble, exalted by curious pena- 
cles, carveing, and stately figures, almost to half the hight of the 
chappel, but this likewise was utterly destroy'd in Cromwell's 
days. Harry the 8th, whose covetious fury deserves condemna- 
tion by every one, intended to pull all this stately minster to the 
ground, but that one desired him not to do such a think for the 
love of his dear queen that lay buried therein, which he heark'ned 
to, and so it was saved. But, alas ! the most stately and magni- 
ficent monastry that in a manner encompas'd the whole minster, 
felt the heavy hand of covetious Harry, and was all pull'd down 
and defaced, onely the walls, most curiously carved, yet stands to 
shew what they formerly were, dwelling houses now being made 
out of them, and a most stately chappel or two that were in the 
said monastry, bigger than many churches, is converted into 
dwelline: rooms. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 47 



'Tis not long ago that the sexton, beino; clinging to make a 
grave in the minster yard, fi)und the body of one of the old 
monks, not consumed by time, buried, as it was the custome in 
their days, in all his best habiliments, with a sort of croiser staff 
in one hand and a book in the other quite rotten. He had like- 
wise boots and spurrs on, not in the least cankered. 

While I was here a gentleman told me that, as he was lately- 
coming over Lincoln heath, suddainly the[re] arises just before 
him, with a great cry, a buzzard, which flew straight up a great 
height into the sky, and then came tumbling down again. He, 
being surrpris'd at this, immediately rid to the dead bird, and 
found that it had got in its claw a great weesel, which had fixt 
its teeth in the breast of the buzzard and suck'd it's blood. 

Here was formerly about this town or rather citty of Peterbur : 
four or five miter'd abotts here, another at Thorny, another at 
Ramsey, and others in other places. They were esteem'd as lords 
and sat in the house of pears in time of JParliament. 

Old Rich[ard] Baxter is dead, the great and flimous preacher 
up of reformation and puritanism. To give the divel his due, as 
the proverb is, this Baxter was a man (as far as my accounts can 
reach, as well oral as printed), of great virtue, piety, and holiness 
of life, but exceeding passionate, and so fond of his own oppinions 
and affections that he could not abide to hear them contradicted. 
He writt much against the Chiirch of England, but, tho' he was 
sufficiently and excellently answered by several, yet he would 
never vouchsafe to peruse the sayd answers, but had the im- 
pudence, in several of his books, to boast that his books were never 
answered, that his enemys could not confute him, and such like. 
But the older he grew he was the more peevish, and became mighty 
enthusiastical, conceited, and dogmatical in his opinions. 

As for his learning it was onely superficial, as is manifest from 
several of his books, from which it appears that he was very little 
versed in the writeings of the Fathers, and had little knowledge 
in antient Church history. About seven years ago I read one book 
of his, and I remember very well that he says therein, that from 
his birth 'till the time of his writeing that book he had but com- 
mitted about five or six sins, and one of them was that he had 
whetted a knife on the sablath day, etc. 

He was the great upholder of his sect of the Presbyterians, 
and gave that sect such roote that it is to be feared it will never 
be eradicated. 

His arguments in almost all his books that I have seen and 
read (which are above half-a-score^, are very weak, and has more 



48 THE DIARY OF 

of passion in tliem than sol lid reason. Yet he strives to run all 
down before him, and calls them demonstrable, unanswerable, 
impregnable, and such like ; and has the impudence to affirm 
things for truth that are notoriously known to be false, as, 
amongst the rest, where he says,'' that the dissenters were, under 
K[ing] James' reign, the chief that fought against popery, and 
asks the question likewise, who had done or suffered more to keep 
out popery ? yet it is well enough known that there were above 
two hundred discourses published against popery in that reign, 
and there was but three of them writt by the dissenters. 

He was a man that was even blinded with passion and interest, 
so that he condcmn'd things before that he understood them, and 
would not hear any one that should chance to contradict him ; so 
that as well in his history as divinity there are a great many 
errors and mistakes. 

All the publick affairs of state went on very well this year, and I 
observ'd that the common people were mighty well pleased thereat, 
so that there was not the least murmering either by one or 
other. But thre years before, the nation was sufficiently full of 
discontents and grumbhngs, so that the last year but this the king, 
when he landed out of Holland was so coldly received that he was 
scarce so much as welcom'd when he arrived at London. But, 
alass ! as many a fair day ends in a foul shower, so this year, tho 
it begun and continued well, yet it ended the most to our soi'row 
that anyone ever did since the reign of Q[ueen] Eliz[abeth], and 
that by the death of our dear Queen Mary, which caused an 
universal sorrow in the whole nation, as well in the malecontents 
as others, for shee was univei'saly well beloved of every one, and 
the most esteem'd of any that ever was since the death of Q[ueen] 
Eliz[abeth] ; and by her prudent management of all sorts of affairs 
got the love of every one, she being generaly observ'd to be a 
woman of very great witt, prudence, and cunning, yet of a free, 
liberal, and open behaviour, but never to her own hurt and dis- 
honour by blabing out of things that ought to be kept secret. 

She brought a fashon into England that was as rare here as it 
was excellent, that was, that tho' shee had no need of working, 
yet she hated nothing more than idleness, so that wherever shee 
was going in her coach, or a foot, shee would either be knitting, 
or making of fringes. And when she had occasion to visit any 
one, she would always take her work with her, and work and 

/ In his " English Nonconformity under King Charles II. and King James 
II. truly stated, etc." London, 1689, 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 49 

talk faster than any four or five people else. So that this sedulitj 
and laboriousness of her's became a custome or rather fashion in 
London, and every lady follow'd the same, and wrought at their 
frino-es, networks, and knittings, as they ridd in their coaches 
along. 

They have a characteristic saying here of the K[ing], Q[ueen], 
and her brothfers] and sist[ers], and that is, that — 

King William thinks all, 
Queen Mary talks all, 
Prince George drinks all, 
And Princess Ann eats all. 

But this excellent Queen Mary of our's dy'd of the small-pox, a 
disease that has been fatal to several of the family, and her death 
so affected the king that he layd it most to heart that ever was 
seen, and fell into two swounds when he was taking his last leave 
of her. Her funeral obsequies is appointed to be in March ; and 
it is certainly thought that there will be the greatest mourning 
for her that ever was for a king or queen in Europe. Black cloth, 
that was but ten shillings a yard one day, got to be twenty 
the next, and well were those that could get it so. I liear 
that, up and down the country everywhere, all that can afford it 
do intend to be in mourning ; but they say that they do not mourn 
for the Queen of England but for the Pi'incess of Orange. 

This month came about for a sight a little Scotchman, the 
least man that ever was heard on, for he was but two foot and 
seven inches in height. He was thirty-two years old, and had 
a son with him tlmt was twice as bigg as himself. He taught 
school in Scotland many years, and was a harsh and severe 
master. And having spent all he had there in good ale, he 
suffered himself to be carryd about for a show, so that he might 
but enjoy that good creature, night and day, which he constantly 
did in such abundance that he was very seldome sober. Telling 
this to a gentleman that was lately come from London, in re- 
quitealfor my relation— he told me another, which he would have 
counted well worthy of his time if he had gone thither on purpose 
to see him, and it was this. He saw a young, tall, slender man 
there, about twenty-five years of age, that did with his voyce 
imitate any sort of musical instruments, and play several tunes 
therewith so lively and so exactly that there was but few that 
could perceive the difference. He imitated the fiddle, the trumpet, 
the flute, the organs, the virginals, etc., with his voyce, and 
played them several tunes. Then this gentleman ask'd him if he 
could rino- the bells, and he did it the most exactly that could be, 

E 



50 THE DIARY OF 

raislno- them by deo-rees, then rin.crino; a o-ood round peal there- 
with, then setting of them all one immediately after another, and 
then ringing another ; and then letting them settle one after 
another, etc. 

Feb. 9, [169]4-5 This day viz., the 29th inst. [sic.'] being in 
company with Mr. Cornelius Lee,? who was a great royalist and 
cornet of horse in the time of the late troubles, in our discourses 
about Cromwel, he gave me an account of several things that I 
had not heard or red on concei'uing him. 

He says that he himself and three more bound themselves in an 
oath that they weukl be Cromwel's death one way or other, and 
that for that end they posted incognito to London ; and after that 
they had been there a consid[erable] while, one of them inveigled 
himself in with Cromwel's cook, and on a time cunningly cast a 
slow but most certain poison upon some dishes of meat that was 
going to his table, and convey'd himself away. And within a 
fourtnight he fell sick, and of that sickness he dy'd. This he does 
most constantly aver, and realy believes that ho was poisn'd. 

This Ml'. Lee was at Lon[don] when the king return'd, and 
hearing that Cromwel and Ireton and Bradshaw were going such 
a day to be pul'd out of their graves and hang'd at Tyburn, he 
went with a great many more to see the tragedy. Now it 
happen'd that there was a plank layd over a little goit or water- 
course, over which they should go. When Mr. Lee had just got 
over there was an old woman that asked him where he was going. 
" Going, good woman," sayd he, " I am going to see Cromwel 
executed." " I, I," says shoe, " many of you gos now to see 
him being dead that durst not look in his face when he was alive." 
" Very true," says he to her again as they walk'd along, " and 
if I could get the same way back I came, 1 would go no further, 
but the multitude of people coming will hinder me." So he 
walked on, (as he told me before several gentlemen), and v/hen 
the[y] came there they found them all hung up but Cromwel, 
and getting as near as he could be, just came in time to see 
Crom[wel] open'd by the hangsm[an] who had no sooner cut 
the sear deaths open, but he catches hold of a great plate 
whereon was written all Crom[wers] titles, and what he was, 
and when he dy'd. " This is it," say'd the hangsman, " that I 
look for, I have now got it." He thought it had been gold, and 
that made him so joyfull, but, to his sorrow, he found it to be 
only iron dubble guilt. 

? '&&Q ante p. 35. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRY.ME. 51 

The same gentleman told me several relations and storys of 
Hugh Peeters, which tho' they vvere very memorable, yetj be- 
cause the[y] relate to such a rogue, they are not worthy of 
setting down. 

Yet, perhaps I may spoil paper with one or two. As this 
Peters was one [day] walking in St. James's Park, in the times 
of our late destractions, there enters Cromwel likewise to take the 
air also ; but neither the one nor the other had walked very lono- 
before that it began to rain very hard, and Cromwel got under the 
shade, and bidd them carry his cloak to Hu[gh] Peters to cover 
him from being wet. But he refused it, and told the bearer that 
he begg'd his highnesses pardon, and would not be in his cloak 
for a thousand pounds. 

A gentleman met him once in the street and whisperd him 
ith' ear, saying, " Peters, thou art a great knave." But he 
answ[ered] him again saying, " S""- your fool, or else you would 
have been what I am." That gentleman had been a great 
sufferer in the royal cause. As he was preaching once "in a 
church, and telling his auditors a company of delicate fine storys, 
as he usually did, he perceived a gentleman to be shrinking 
away out of the church: " Hark you, you gentleman," says he', 
" I have something to say to you, come hither, I'll tell you a 
story. There was a cock, and a frog, and an ass went once 
a traveling, and it came to pass that at length they came to a 
great river. " Well," say they one to another, " how'^shall we get 
over here ? " " As for me," says the ft'ogg, I'll swimm it," " aiid 
I," sayd the cock, " I'll fly it over." " But the poor ass," says he, 
" not being willing to wet his feet wandered away be river side, 
and was at length taken and beat with many stripes. Verily 
(says he), thou art an ass or I am much mistaken, else thou 
woulds't not have left thy company hearing good and profitable 
things, and turn'd back to give heed to a simple story ; and if 
thou haddest thy right thou shouldest be scourged with many 
stripes, for, as our King Jesus says, thou deservedst it." 

This Peeters was hanged amongst the regicides, and there 
are many that dos believe that it was realy him in disguise that 
cut the said king's head off. And I heard a gentleman say that 
he had a very great hand in those unhappy times ; that "^ there 
was one that, coming by chance into this Peeter's lodgings, 
found in one of the windows, Avrit with a diamond rino- this 
verse, 

The greatest head ith' world since Cssar's 
"Was lately crop't by Doct[or] Peters, 



52 THE DIARY OF 

for SO he used to stile himself. Which inscription, when he saw 
the gentleman take notice oft, he up with his kain and broke the 
pain in pieces. 

This fellow, I mean Peters, was the greatest buffoon in all 
London, and the church he commonly" preached in was usually as 
full as ever it could hold : for he made the people more sport than 
any play could do. And they would laugh as loud as if they 
were at some publick bull or bear bateing. 

The same gentleman and me talking about Selby church 
steeple that fell down about six or seven years ago,^ [by] means 
of the river's undermining it, he told me that in Cromwell's days 
there was the finest painted window there that was thought to be 
in all Europe. He himself saw it several times, and heard from 
very good hands that formerly, before the troubles began, they 
had twelve thousand pound offerd for it by some popish lords, to 
send it to Rome, but they would not take. Yet in the aforesayd 
holy times Crom[weirs] sold[iers] broke it all in pieces. 

March. This 2d inst. I was in company with one Th()m[as] 
Oldham," a Quaker. That which made it observable to mo was 
because that he was the first learned one that ever I heard on or 
saw. He understood Latt[in], Greek, and Hebrew, but especialy 
the two former languages very well. His father was carried before 
the judges once for some misdemeanour that the light witliin had 
promp'd him to, and because that he would not put of his hat, one 
that stood by pul'd it off and flung it down, at which he took such 
offence that he would never put on a hat after as long as he 
lived, but went to the markets and follow'd the plow, and did all 
his business ever after barehead. 

* This tower fell clown on Sunday Marcli oOth, lGdO.—3forreirs Sclh/, p. 204. 

* Aldam. Amongst the freeholders of the manor of Warmswoith, near 
Doncaster, the principal have been of the family of Aldam, who are reputed to 
have been located here since before the conquest. Their names are said to be 
among witnesses of deeds in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. The 
Thomas Aldam, referred to by the diarist, was the grandfather of Mrs. Catherine 
Aldam, a maiden lady, on whose deatli, in 1807, the family became extinct at 
this place. He and his father, another Thomas, were among the first persons 
who were induced to adopt the peculiarities of George Fox and his associates. 
The father was one of the two Friends who attended the delivery of Fox's 
memorable declaration to the messengers of Oliver Cromwell. In Fox's jour- 
nal we have an account of the interruption of one of the religious assemblies 
at Warmsworth ; and it appears that one or both of the Aldams were for a 
time imprisoned in the Castle of York. {ILinter's S. Y., i., 129). The property 
passed, by devise, to a family called Pease, which assumed the name of Aldam, and 
the present representative is William Aldam, esq., of Frickley and Warmsworth, 
who was elected M.P. for Leeds in 1841, and is justly regarded as an active, 
experienced, and useful magistrate for the West Riding of Yorkshire. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 06 

The Quakers now are nothing like what they were formerly. 
They are the most reformed that ever was seen. They now were 
fine cloathes, and learns all sorts of sempstry and behavour, as 
others do that are not of their opinions. And within this quarter 
of this year they have begun all over this country to put off their 
hats whenever they name the name of Jesus Christ. 

They do not now quake, and howl, and foam with their 
mouths, as they did formerly, but modestly and devoutly behave 
themselves in their devotions, making commonly long prayers, 
and then a sermon, and then a prayer after it, but this is the evil of 
them that [they] are full of tautology and vain repetitions, 
which the Apostle Paul has condemned in the service of the 
heathen. 

When any one has a mind to marry, he did formerly take the 
woman that he would have into his house, and callino- in six or 
seven of his friends and neighbours, would say thus unto them, 
taking the woman by the hand — " Witness, friends and brethren, 
that I take this woman to me to be my wife." And so there was 
no more to do. 

When a cliild was born unto any of them, the fixther would 
call some neio-hbours too^ether, and then would sav thus — " Bear 
witness, neighbours, that I call this child of mine Thomas, Mary," 
etc., but they never christened them with any water, or any thing 
else. 

But now, times being altered, none is wed amongst them be- 
fore that they have been ask'd two years together in their meet- 
ino[, etc. 

Every year four or five and sometimes more of them, within 
the precincts of this little lordship, come over to our church, and 
tlio' they be men and women they are baptized in full congrega- 
tion. 

And likewise of the Presbiterians a great many round about 
come over to the church. God grant, for the love of his dear Son 
Jesus Christ, that they may all shortly and speedily do the same. 
Amen. 

5th. This day I heard of a workman at Sheffield that is much 
cryd up for his skill and ingenuity; one exper[iment] of which 
was, that he could and had smooth'd two pieces of steel so exceed- 
ing smooth and plain that they stick so fast, the one upon the 
other, that a man could scarce sever them with all his strength. 
This is common in marble. 

I was likewise in the church seein<x the stone cutter make a 



54 THE DIARY OF 

monum[ent] — which should have the names of the benefactors 
thereon to the church, the school, and the poor. Amongst other 
talk he told me that marble was a sort of stone the easiest to be 
stain'd of any, aud that it is no choice art to do the same, even 
through the whole stone, if it was a yai'd thick ; but he could give 
no reasons for the same. Pie says also that there is the best alabas- 
ter that ever was seen, gotten a little way beyond Nottingham. 
He says the[y] frequently wett the same, or raither, to use his 
term, the[y] boyl it in iron pottoks till all the humidity be 
evaporated, and then it becomes a most pure white powder, which 
when they have a mind to use (for molding or such like uses) 
they mix water therewith, and then it makes an image or any 
thino- harder bv half than it would do otherwise. 

1695. 

11. God, I give the humble thanks for inabling me 
to make and finish now this day a book of some sixty or 
seventy sheets, which I have entitled Curiosa de se/ or, The 
Curious Missellcaiys and Private Thoughts of one Inquisitive 
into the Knowledge of Nature and Things. be gratious unto me, 
enable me to finish the others that I am about making, for thy 
dear Son's sake. Amen. 

Ap. 3. Mrs. Dewey, of this town, dy'd about twelve years ago 
of the small pox.'*^^ The thing that is observable about the same 
is that, as soon as ever she went into a house where the small pox 
Avas, she felt as it was a vehement damp, and was almost choak'd 
therewitli, tho' not one in the room felt or perciev'd it but her- 
self. But this pi'oved her death, for shee came home and dyd of 
them. 

My mother, being once gon to Thorn, went to see the children 

J Hunter observes that " this manuscript is supposed to be lost. Antiquaries 
are, of all classes of men, least prone to destroy the lltcra scrlpta. But perhaps 
his raaturer judgment might urge him to commit this to the flames." (<S. K, i., 
ISO). Mr. Peacock, in his preface to De la Pryme's History of VVinterton, 
{Arclixolorjla XL.), considers that Mr. Hunter's latter suggestion was made 
"perhaps without sufficient authority." 

'' Will of Kcbccca Dcwie, of Hatfield, spinster, dated 13 December, 1678. 
— to my kinsman Gregory Betncy, £10; to Mrs. Lee (Leah?) Walker, 20s. ; to 
Mr. Cle worth, 20s. ; to Mr. Simon Simpson, to preach my funeral sermon, 203. ; 
to the poor of Hatfield and Woodhouse, £5 ; residue to Cornelius Lee, gent, 
lie sole cxor. Proved at York, 19 April, 1G83, by Cornelius Lee. — Reg. Test. 
60, fol. 18. 

'• Mrs. Eebeccah Dewy buryed in linnen contrary to ye Act of Parliam'" 30 
March, lii:<2-3.—I/atJield Reijister. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 5.5 

of Christian Middlebrook, who were sick, tho' she did not know 
of what disease. Yet as soon as ever shee open'd the curtains, 
" Oh !" says she, "• these children are sick of tho measels, I feel 
so by the strong smell or damp," and shee came home and fell 
sick of them in a day or two. 

Some ascribe this dampish smell onely to fancy, because every 
one does not perceive it. But I believe that every body's corps 
are not equaly subject to these diseases, however, not at a time or 
together, therefore believes that those bodys that are fully ripe 
and apt to receive the morbific matter, imbibes the same, and 
that then they smell and perceive things that others may not do, 
by reason of their bodys not being so open as the others that 
are subject to infection. 

20. I was with Mr. Corn[elius] Lee yesternight, and amongst 
other things he assured me on his own and a great many more 
people's words, that foxes, so many years old they are, so many 
livers they have, and that he himself saw one opened that had 
eight, and so they all judg'd him to be eight years old. I 
ask'd Mr. Lucas about it this day, and he says it is true. But 
that which I most boggl'd at is this. They sayd that, for a 
certain, the whelps of a shee fox never breed so long as the dam 
liveth, tho' they be never so old, and this is the reason, sayd 
they, that there are more sheep than foxes. 

24. Talking with Mr. Horatio Cay,' he says that the ancient 
Romans when the[y] conquer'd this country, as they travell'd 
through this part of Yorkshire, they seeing a part of the country 
for a huge way round about boggy and full of quagmires, they 
gave it the name of Balneum, which now is called Baivn. 

Yesterday, which was the last of this month, I preached at 
Bramwith,"' about two miles hence ; it was the first sermon that 

' Horace Kaye, vicar of Barnby-Don, son of William Kaye, by Elizabeth, 
daughter of Horace Eure, sister and coheir of George Lord j]ure, married IG 
May. 1673, Frances, widow of Francis Gregory, esq., of Barnby-Don. — Hunter's 
S. Y.. i., 211. 

'" Kirk-Bramwith. At a ford over the Don are two villages, one on each 
side, both called Bramwith, of wliich that on the south was included in the 
Warren fee and the chace of Hatfield. At the Bramwith on the north side the 
stream a church was erected, to which was assigned, as the parish, the vill of 
Bramwith. Hunter, {S. F., ii., 477) in speaking of the church of St. Mary here, does 
not say anything respecting the '•ten or twelve Knight Templars or monks" 
there lying in the days of the diarist. He remarks that "no family of any 
consequence having ever being settled within the precincts of this parish, we 
have no monuments, or other memorials, except of former rectors or their 
curates." 



56 THE DIARY OF 

ever I preach'd. I observed in that little church that ther lyese 
about ten or twelve Knight Templers, or monks, who it seems 
had great lands and liveings in these parts. That which is now 
the parsonage was in old time some castle, and moated about. 

April 8." For this fortnight last past thei'e has been a 
fortune-teller in this town, which, as soon as I heard on, I caused 
him to be apprehended and brought before the sages of the town, 
where he was examined and search'd, but tho' he was a very- 
handsome, genteel, young man, every bit like a gentleman born, 
yet he was the greatest fool that ever I cast my eyes [on] . We 
got all his books and papers, but what were they, think you ? 

Spcctatxun admissi risuni tencatis amici, 

a company of old mouldy almanacks, and several sheets of astro- 
logical scheems, all drawn false and wrong, and Wingate's 
arithmetick. The fellow had scarce any sence in him, and 
in his discourse frequently betray'd himself, and confest things 
which the law would have taken hold on otlierwise. Yett was 
never a bitt under any surprise of mind, nor ever gave any one 
an ill word, but as all such vagrant rogues commonly do, 
prayed heartily for the good company's health, biding God to 
bless them, and such like. I examined him almost an hower by 
myself, but he knew nothing of any art or science, nor did not 
understand that which he pretended. He behaved himself so 
that every one pittyd him, and he sayd that whereever he came 
the women were always his best friends. He confesses at last 
that he gets thirty or forty pound per annum thus, tho' at first he 
sayd this was the first time that ever he did so. He told about 
fifty people in this parish that they should come to suddain death, 
some be hang'd, some be drown'd, and he told several people 
the divel Avould fetch them, others that they should be bewitched, 
and named the witches, which were poor good harmless women. 
In a word, he has done incredible mischief in this parish, and rob'd 
the people of above five pound. It is their custom to deny every 
thing that's objected against them, tho' witnesses be brought 
against them. They likewise always keep a serene countinance, 
sober life, and a pretended ignorance, when they come to be 
examined, that they may raither be pitty'd than punished, tho' 
indeed this fellow I take to have been a real fool, for he under- 
stood no Lattin, nor no art nor science, nor could scarce spell 

" The dates are not very regularly inserted in the Diary, and cannot there- 
fore be entirely depended on. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 57 

words right, nor write but inditFerentlj with his pen. He 
should have been whipp'd, bat that the women of this town 
begg'd his pardon, and help hiin to contrive his escape. We 
hear since of his having broke a house and stolen several things 
at Barmby-upon-the-More, and of several of his mad pranks, etc. 
April 10. Ho, brave llussell !" what honour have you 
brought to the English nation by your thus rideing two years 
together emp[eror] of not only the English, the French, the 
Spanish, but also of the Mediterranian sea itself. We hear that 
he will not let a ship of any nation pass the straits without his 
licence. As soon as he brought his navy hither all the kino-- 
doms and principalitys round about trembled. The great Duke 
of Tuscany, and the Duke of Mantua, that before would not 
winter the Germans, as soon as they heard of the English being 
passed the straits, they agreed with them about their winter 
quarters. The Pope, likewise being afraid, confirm'd the Bish[op] 
of Leige and Collen, tho' the French did what they could to 
prevent it. The French in Catalonia being flushed with victory 
as farr as they went, being just ready to besiege Barcelona, 
(which if they had done they had certainly taken it) as soon as 
they heard of the approach of the English, they left their under- 
taking of, and never had any such thoughts again. The governors 
of Tangiers and the Algerines have sent long letters of comple- 
ments to him, and promises to furnish them with Avhat they want, 
and to be true friends to them. Marseils and Thoulon trembled 
when they heard of their approach, and many of the inhabitants 
sent the best of their goods farr into the country. This has 
rebounded more to the honour of the English than anything that 
has happen'd these several ages. 

" Edward Russell, second son of Edward, the fourth son of Francis, fourth 
Earl of Bedford, the principal undertaker of that great work known as the 
" Bedford Level." He was gentleman of the bedchamber to the Duke of York, 
but on the beheading of his cousin, William Lord Russell, he retired from 
court ; and after the accession of James II. e.xerted himself to the utmost in 
promoting the revolution. Upon the advancement of the Prince of Orange to 
the throne he was made one of the privy council, and in 1690 was appointed 
admiral of the blue, advanced to tlie command of the navy, and appointed first 
lord of the admiralty. On the 19th May, 1092, he gave a signal defeat to the 
French fleet, commanded by Mons. de Tourville, at La Hogue ; in 1695, he by his 
diligence, prevented the intended invasion of James II., who lay with a French 
army ready to embark near Dieppe. For these and other gallant services, he 
was, 7 May, 1697, created Baron Shingey, co. Cambridge, Viscount Barfleur, in 
the duchy of Normandy, and Earl of Orford, co. Norfolk. In May, 1701 he 
was impeached by the House of Commons, but was unanimously acquitted of the 
articles exhibited against him. His lordship died without issue 26 Nov., 1727, 
having married Lady Margaret Russell, youngest daughter of his father's 
brother William, fiji'st Duke of Bedford. 



58 THE DIARY OF 

Ap. 26. This being tlae visitation time, I went to Doncaster to 
see the ceremony thereof. Amongst many other observable 
things that Doct[or] Chetwood/ the archdeacon, took notice of 
in his charge to us, he sayd that he did not question but that we 
should deliver this age down to our posterity in a better condi- 
tion by half than we received it from our ancestors ; he meant in 
matters relating to the good unity and quiet of the Church of 
England. " For," sayd he, " whereever I go, I hear of dissen- 
ters coming in unto the blessed Church of England," etc. 

1695. 

June 11. About this time I was sent for into Lincolnshire, to 
Roxby, about a liveing. Having passed over the Trent at 
Althorp, or Authrop, in my going to the aforesayd town, I saw 
nothing observable but the barrenness of the country, and the 
sandy commons that I passed over ; which I no sooner saw, but 
it brought into my mind the sandy desarts of Egypt and Arabia, 
which I had a most clear idea of when I beheld these sandy 
planes. For here the sand is di'iven away with every wind, and 
when the wind is strong it is very troublesome to pass, because 
that the flying sand flys in one's face, and shoos, and pockkets, 
and such like, and drives into great drifts, like snow-drifts. 
This sandy plane is some miles in length, and about a quarter of 
a mile in bredth. In m-eat winds it does ereat damao;e, for 
sometimes in a night's space it will cover all the hedges that it is 
near, and cover all the corn land adjacent, etc. I have observed 
huge hedges quite sandyd up with it to the very top ; and a cloas 
of thistles that was one day almost a yard tall, the wind chang- 
ing, and I returning the same way the next day, I could but 
just discover the tops of them. This plane was formerly a much 
hicrher country than it is now, for here and there are left a few 
hills (now we may call them) three yards in height perpendicular, 
which blows away by degrees, but were formerly eaven vv^ith the 
rest of the blown away land, etc. 

June 15. I Avas this week at most of the toAvns in this corner of 

P Knightley Chetwood became Archdeacon of York in Jan., 1G88-9. In 1707 
he was made Dean of Gloucester, and died in April, 1720. He was son of 
Valentine Chetwood, of Chetwood, esq., and was born in 1652. Educated at 
Eton, and King's College, Cambridge. He was a great friend of Drydeu the 
poet, and had some literary repute. Thoresby records in his Diai-y (II., p. 261) 
21 September. 1 7 H, that lie had been visited by "Dr. Chetwood, Archdeacon 
and Dean of Gloucester." 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 59 

Lincolnshire. I observe that it is but a poor, barren country. 
Here is no land to be met with about Roxby and most of the rest 
of these towns that is above two, three, or four shill[ings] an aker. 
I was at Burton and expected to have found a fine large town there, 
but I was much mistaken, it being but little and ill built, and the 
worst market place that ever I saw.* The Trent runs hard by it, 
and [I] heard several that was in company with me say that at 
low water it is fordable in several places, etc. 

25. Being Monday I went to Hull from Roxby to Barton, 
and from thence over the water, which is about five miles, to 
Hull.' We payd a groat for our passage, and a shilling for a 
horse. Hull is mightily improv'd since I saw it last ; but it is a 
mighty factious town, there being people of all sects in it. 

The 29. I agreed with Mr. Hammersley,' minister of Roxby, 
to be his curate at Broughton in this shire. He ask'd me what 
I would have a year. I told him no more than others, viz. 30/. 
per an. out of which I gave 10/. a year for my table. 

Broughton is as much as to say Burrow town from the vast 
plenty conney borrows that are round about it.' I do not find 

v The little town of Burton-upon-Stather has ceased to have a market for 
many years. The market place, which was on the brow of the hill west of the 
church, has long been enclosed and become private property. — Hatfield's Terra 
Incognita of Lincolnshire, p. 32. 

'■ There has been a ferry over the Humber from Barton to the mouth of the 
river Hull from very early times, probably prior to the foundation of Kingstou- 
upon-HuU by Edward I. A traveller, who is believed to have been none other 
than the author of Eobinson Crusoe, crossed over this ferry a few years after 
Abraham de la Pryme was there. He had not a pleasant passage. " There are 
some good towns on the sea coast, but I include not Barton, which stands on 
the Humber, as one of them, being a straggling mean town, noted for nothing 
but an ill-favoured dangerous passage, or ferry, over the Humber to Hull, 
where in an open boat, in which we had about 15 horses, and 10 or 12 cows 
mingled with about 17 or 18 passengers, we were about 4 hours tos'd about 
on the Humber before we could get into the harbour at Hull." — Tour thro' the 
whole Island of Great Britain by a gentleman, 3rd ed., 17'i2, vol iii., p. 11. 

* He was ancestor and namesake, I believe, of Mr. Hugh Hammersley, of 
Doncaster, attorney at law, and one of the aldermen who was elected mayor 
24 Sep., 1741. Alderman Hammersley married, 7 May, 1728, Elizabeth, eldest 
daughter and coheir of Wm. Wade, town clerk of Doncaster, and died in 1757, 
leaving an only son, Thomas, baptised at Doncaster 3 Nov., 1747. The latter 
settled in London, and originated the banking house of Hammersley and Co., 
in Pall Mall. He died in 1812, leaving issue. 

' Borotona, Bertone, Broctone, (Domesday, i., 365, 376J, Berghton, (Taxatio 
P. Nicholai, 75, col. 2). The name of this place has assuredly nothing to do 
with rabbits, though they have for ages abounded there. Beorh, or Beorg, a 
hill, and Tun, an enclosure — a town in the old sense still retained by the Lin- 
colnshire peasantry — are the words from which this name has grown up. The 
hill from which the name has been derived is a large circular sand hill, like a 
huge grave hill, but almost certainly natural, not far from the church. Thia 
mound abuts upon the old Roman way, known in books as the Ermine Street, to- 
those who live near it in Lindsey as the " Ramper,"' or "old street." 



60 THE DIARY OF 

anything in history about it : but, however, it seems to be ancient, 
there being some lady and warriours buried therein, who per- 
haps were the founders of the church. 

12. I was with my uncle Bareel," and he tould me for a most 
certain truth that the swine herd place at Barrow, in this country, 
is worth above 30L a year, by reason that they keep such a vast 
company of swine in that town. 

13, 1G95. Being in company at Brigg this Friday with 
several clergymen and others, we had a great deal of good dis- 
course. Some mightily talked against the late famous and ex- 
cellent edition of Cambdens Britannia,^ saying that it was not 
worth bying, and that there was a great many memorable places 
in England that had not been taken notice off, and such like. 
But, however, let them talk as they please, I am sure that it is 
twice as good and excellent as it was before, and I am sure that there 
is no book in the world of a particular country that can compare 
with it. Rome was not all built of a day, and it is impossible that 
everything memorable should of a sudden be comprehended and 
put in any book. Every age sees something more than another, 
and every year almost some monuments are digg'd up out of the 
earth some where or other that was not discovered before, so 
that it is impossible that such a book as it should be perfect 
in toto et qudlibet parte. 

Talking likewise of Doct[or] Busby", who is lately dead, one 
of this company told this pleasant relation of him and Fath[er] 
Peters. 

As the doct[or] was walking out one evening in K[inor] 
James reign, to take the air, he met by chance with Father 
Peters, who had formerly been his scholar. Peters saluted him. 
" How," says the doct[tor] " are you that Peters that was our 
scholler?" " Yes," says he again. " Well, but how come you 
to have this garb on?" (he being a Jesuit) ; to whom he reply 'd, 
"I had not had it on, honourable master, but that the Lord Jesus 
had need of me." " Need of thee"? (say'd the doct.) " I never 
heard that our Lord and Saviour had need of anything but an 
ass." And so he turned him about in a fury and left him. 

" Fnrsan Beharell. — See Hunter's South Yorkshire, i., 1C9. 

" The first edition of Gibson's Camden's Britannia was published in one 
volume folio, 1G95. It is a learned and painstaking work, but inferior to the 
second edition in two volumes, published in 1722. 

^ The well kuovvn head master of Westminster school. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 61 

19. This day I went with some other company to Castor. I 
expected to have found it (that is so famous in both the Roman 
and Saxon historys) to be some great and large town, but when I 
got there I was deceived, it being but a little place, yet mighty 
famous for its great markits and fairs. It was very ill built 
before the great fire,'^ but now there are a great many good 
modern buildings therein. It was here that Heno-ist be^o-'d so 
much ground of Ivmg Vortigern as he was able to encompass 
with an ox-hide ;" who, not well under stan ding his meaninir, 

^ "The great fire" at Caistor happened in 1681, or the following year. A 
brief was issued for collecting money to repair the losses sustained. At Youl- 
grave, in the county of Derby, the sum of 9s. 7d. was collected for this purpose 
on the 5th of June, 1682. — Reliqu-iry, vol iv., p, 193. 

y The well known legend of the hide cut into strips is told of sundry places 
in every country in Europe. It was probably an old story when it became 
dovetailed into the legendary history of the foundation of Carthage. It need 
scarcely be added that there is no ground for believing, even in a substratum of 
fact, in the stc)rv as told above. The Diarist's authority for it, and a very poor 
one it is, is Geoffrey of Monmouth, who in book vi., chapter 1 1, gives the legend. 
His tale is that Hengist received as much land as he could encompass by an ox 
hide from Vortigern. The place so gained was called in the British tongue 
Kaercorrei, in iriaxon Tliancastre, that is Thong castle. Kemble, in his Saxons 
in Eaglund, i., p. 17, says that the same myth appertains to Kagnor Lodbrog. 
He quotes Rafj. Lodb. Saga, cap. 19 and 20. As an instance how these old pre- 
historic legends multiply and engraft themselves on the new facts of history, he 
tells us that "the Hindoos declare we obtained possession of Calcutta by similar 
means." 

A singular ceremony annually takes place at the church of Caistor, by the 
performance of which certain lands in the parish of Broughton, near Brigg, are 
held. On Palm Sunday a person from Broughton brings a large whip, called a 
gad whip, the stock of which is constructed of ash, or other wood, tapered 
towards the top : the thong is large, and made of white leather. The man comes 
to the north porch about the commencement of the first lesson, and cracks his 
whip in front of the porch door three times ; after which, with much ceremony, 
he wraps the thong round the stock of the whip, and binds the whole together 
with a whip-cord, tying up with it some twigs of mountain ash ; he then ties 
to the top of the whip stock a small leathern purse containing two shillings, 
but originally twenty-four silver pennies, and taking the whole upon his shoul- 
der, marches into the church, where he stands in front of the reading-desk, 
until the commencement of the second lesson ; he then goes up nearer, waves 
the purse over the head of the clergyman, kneels down upon a cushion, and 
continues in that position, with the purse suspended over the head of the clergy- 
man, until the second lesson is ended, when he retires into the choir, and waits 
the remainder of the service. After the service is concluded, he carries the 
whip and purse to the manor house of Hundon, a hamlet in the parish of Caistor, 
where they are left, and are generally given to some person as a curiosity. A 
new whip is made every year. In the performance of this ceremony it is said 
that the whip used to be cracked over the head of the clergyman in the reading- 
desk ; but, on one occasion, the whip coming sharply in contact with the face 
of the clergyman, caused that part of the ceremony to be omitted, and the 
purse only waved over the head. It is remarkable that this tenure is not noticed 
either by Camden or Blount. — Historical Account of Lincolnshve, anonymous, 
182(5, vol. i., p. 18G. 



62 THE DIARY OF 

granted him his request, thinking that he meant no more than he 
could cover with an ox-hide. But Hengist cut it all into small 
thongs, and by that means encompast in round about a great 
compass of land, and built an exceeding strong castle upon part 
thereof, part of whose ruins I took notice of, it being a wall five 
or six yards thick. But, when Christianity came in, they pull'd 
the castle down, and built the church in the place where it stood, 
of the stone that it was built off. In which church I observed 
one of the Knight Templars, lying with his legs a cross and his 
shield on his left arm, besides some few monuments besides. 

Mr. Baxter, minis[terj of that place, let me see about half a 
score old coins that had been digg'd up about that town, some of 
which were Roman and others Saxon coins, and he told us, in the 
pinfold hard by the church (which was in the limits of the old 
castle) that, about six years ago, there was digged up several 
huge men bones, a jaw bone of which, a very fat man, that was 
standing by, easily slipt upon his own jaw. 

This is a good town for water, for there is springs runs out 
of it on every side, and one or two is so bigg that they drive a 
water mill about. But it is no town of strength, there being 
several hills that can easily command it. 

About half a mile beyond the town, in the high road betwixt 
Horncastle and Barton, there are a great many hills cast up all 
along betwixt these two mentioned towns, which were undoubtedly 
done by the old Romans to direct their way from one place to 
the other. 

Most of the outward stones in this wall of the castle of Castor 
were charg'd with lead, as Mr. Baxter told me, who had seen 
several of them so done. 

27. It is very observable what I henrd this day about Rawby 
church" in this county, nine miles of of Brigg, to witt, that for 
all that it stands half-way upon the side of a great hill, yet in 
one side of the church, and in part of the chancel, there are such 
great springs, that they can scarce dig any graves there for the 
great quantity of water that springs there upon them. The 
graves are always above half full when they come to put the 
corps in, and that the water may not be seen, they always strew 
chaflF or straw thereon before that they put the corps in, to hinder 
the water being seen by the people." 

^ Eawby is, I suppose, Wrawby, but that place is only about a mile from 
Brigg ; a portion of the town of Brigg is in Wrawbj' parisli. 

" The practise of putting straw at the bottom of graves when there is 
water in them is still common in Lincolnshire. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 63- 

About the becrlnnino; of this year I went to preacli at a toon 
called Bramwith,* a mile or two of of Hatfield. There was then 
an old clerk there that could scarce ever get a pair of spectacles 
that he could see with, his sight was either so vitiated or destroyed. 
At last an old wife tells him a way how he might see without 
spectacles — to get a prayer book printed upon yellow paper. At 
last he got such a one, and tho' it was but a small print, yet I 
observed that [he] saw and read with as much ease as if it had 
been ever so bigg. 

About half a year before my father dyd he sent one of his men 
to Doncaster about some business; who, as he wascoraino- whome 
in the night, when it was very dark, chanc'd to meet with an 
Ignis fatiais" in one of the lains, which went danceing and leap- 
ing before him, and frightened him sore. But, plucking up 
good courage within a little while (he realy takeing it to be the 
divel) was resolv'd to light of of his horse and beat it. And so, 
accordingly, he observeing that when he went it went, and when 
he stood still it stood still, he lights and tys his hors to the hedge, 
and falls at it manfully with his great stick, and beat it all to 
pieces, making one piece fly one way and another. And then, be- 
ing all in a sweat, he got tryumphantly upon his horse and came 
home, attesting seriously and soberly that he had kill'd the divel, 
which he did realy believe for a great while after. 

The like story 1 have heard of another man in the south ; that 
as he was coming from his work one dark night, in a lane, there 
came whisking over the hedg to him an Ignis fatuus, which he 
getting a sight on ran away from it. But the faster he ran, the 
faster it followed him, so that he did not [know] what to do. At 
length, turning him about, he up with his stick to strike it, but it 

* See ante, p. 55. 

" Mr Ernest Baker, of Mere Down, Bath, communicated to Notes and 
Queries, 6 Feb., 1869, (4th S., iii., p. 125), that on the 18th December previous, 
at about 6.45 p.m., he was riding over the Downs to Mere, when there suddenly 
appeared on his horse's head five lights, one on each ear larger than the rest, 
about the size of the flame of a small taper, of a bluish colour ; two on the 
left eyebrow, and one on the right — these were like glow-worms, or as if the 
parts had been rubbed with phosphorus. It was pitch dark, with a steady rain 
falling, yet, while the lights lasted, (which was while he rode upwards of a 
quarter of a mile), he could see the buckles on the bridle. There had been 
thunder and lightning in the afternoon. He rode steadily, trying to make out 
what it could be ; when it disappeared as suddenly as it came. The horse had 
been taken from the stable, and had only travelled half-a-mile, and did not 
perspire in the least. At page 182 Mr. C. W. Barkley suggests that this pheno- 
menon was a "Will-o'-the-wisp," or " Jack-a-Lantern," and he relates a similar 
instance, in his own family, of its appearance. In Norfolk, he says, this lumi- 
nous gas is exhaled from swampy ground, and is there called "a Lanthorn-man," 
and the appearance is feared to this day. 



64 THE DIARY OF 

flincb'cl his stroke two or three thiies. But he being resolved to 
vanquish or dy, he followed on his strokes as if it had been for 
his life, but always when he lifted up his great stick above his 
head to strike it, then it flew about his ears and put him in a 
most miserable condition. But, however, tho' the fight was long 
and fearful, yet the fellow got the victory over this divel, and beat it 
all in pieces. And he told it all over that he had killed the divel 
that would needs have carry 'd him away ith' lane, if he could but 
have gotten hold of him. But (says he) I mall'd him. 

He that told me this story affirm'd that he saw the stick that 
this fellow kill'd the divel with, and says that it was stained all 
black within towards the end with its strokes over this Ic/nis 
fatinis. 

I remember likewise that I have heard a gentleman in the 
country say that he once got an Ignis fatau^, and aflfirm'd that 
it was nothing but a shineing froth. He sayd that it was as like 
the froth of water that is made from any high dcssent as can be. 

Aug. 9, 1695. Guinnes has been the greatest price this year 
that ever was known. At first when this warr begun they rise, 
and they have kept riseing ever since, so that now this year they 
go current all over for thirty shillings, and has done ever since 
the king went out. The reason how they came to rise so was the 
vast quantitys that the lords and gentlemen in the king's service 
carry'd out of the land. But now I hear that, for all this, yet 
there is more guinnys stirring at London than ever has been 
known, so that they are more plenty than silver. And the reason 
thei'eof is this; everybody seeing how much guinnes goes for, 
all that had any gold, cups, spouns, etc., carry them all into the 
Tower and gets them coin'd into guinnes, paying some little for 
their coining, which indeed is the true i'eason that they are there 
stirring in such vas quantitys. 

These warrs went very hard the two or three first years after 
that the king came in, and there were general complaint-; about 
the heaviness of the taxes, and everybody was auctions about the 
affairs of state, and full of cares, and doubts, and fears. But now 
the nation haveing become used to the taxes there is none that 
either now complains or that troubles them about the state afl^iirs; 
the whole country being now in as much peace as if there was 
neither any taxes nor any warrs. 

Silver money being exceeding scarce, and several beginning 
to complain of the little money that there was in the land, per- 
haps it was a piece of pollicy of K[ing] Will[iam] to make 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 65 

gi'nnes go so_ much above their intrinsick worth, that, by that 
means, the rich misers, for lucre sake, niiglit be cutis'd to coin 
what gold thev had, (as tliey have done), to the end that moimey 
might be the more plentiful! : which trap has taken effect, and so 
everybody talks that this great price of guinnos will fall. ' 

About seven years ago as they were digging a cellar in Lin- 
coln, in the chief street, the[y] found a whole large boat with a 
great many cut and squar'd stones therein.'' 

Mem. They have boar'd for coals oft hero in this parish of 
Broughtou, and other parts of Lincolnshire, and found that there 
was coals in the soyl, but that they lay so exceeding deep that 
they were discourag'd from proceeding on in their wo'rk.^ 

Aug. 12. Yesterday I was with an ingenious old man who had 
been a great royalist in King Charles the First days. Amongst 
other very observable things that he told me, and that we talk'd 
about, he says that they had a dog in their ti-oup that e^'ery night 
had letters put betwixt his neck and his collar, which was made 

'^ Many canoes and boats have been found in the low lands in Lincolnshire, 
but all, except one which is preserved in the British Museum, have perished! 
Mr. Peacock's grandfather, Mr. Thomas Peacock, could remember one being 
discovered by some workmen, whilst making a drain in the parish of Scotter. 
He communicated the fact to Sir Joseph Banks, who came over to see it, but he 
considered that the workmen had mutilated it so mucli that it was not worth 
preservation. When found, it lay in the earth, bottom upwards, and the exca- 
vators cut it in two before they discovered that it was a boat. A raft, of very 
primitive construction, the several pieces fastened together with wooden pegs, 
was found about fifty-five years ago at the foot of a sand hill, called Greenhoe', 
in the township of Yaddlethorpe, parish of Bottesford. The wood of which it 
was constructed was so sound, that the late Mr. William Hall, of Hull, to whom 
the property belonged, used the greater part of it for spars for some farm build- 
ings, which were being erected on the sand hill, but a stone's throw from the place. 
The hill has now nearly lost its old name, by being miscalled by a former tenant 
Yaddlethorpe grange. The late Mr. Stark, in his Histvnj of Galnshrough, second 
ed., p. 5, mentions a canoe found, at a depth of 8 feet from the surface, near the 
river Witham "about two miles east of Lincoln, between that city and Horsley 
Deeps." It was thirty feet eight inches long, and measured three feet across in 
its widest part. The thickness of the bottom was between seven and eight 
inches, and it was hollowed out of a single oak tree. Another canoe was dis- 
covered about two years before, in cutting a drain near Horsley Deeps, but was 
unfortunately destroyed by the workmen. Another has been found in a meadow 
near Gainsbrough, not far from the bank of the river Trent ; and two others in 
cutting a drain through the fens below Lincoln. Stark derived the foregoing 
facts from a communication made by Sir Joseph Banks to The Journal of 
Science and Art, No. ii., p. 244, 

' The coal beds, if coal there be in this part of Lincolnshire, are far too 
deep to be worked. In sinking wells, thin beds of a carboniferous .shale, strongly 
impregnated with iron, are frequently come upon. They are not true coals, but 
are probably the fossil remains of sea weeds, as ammonites and other shells, once 
the inhabitants of salt water, are usually found imbedded in them. 
F 



66 THE DIARY OF 

larg a purpose, and that he would have gone to any gan'ison or 
place they told him off within twenty miles round about. Talk- 
ing of other ways of sending letters privately, he sayd they had 
but two more ways, and they were these : the one was to make 
hollow the wooden heells of a pair of old shoos, and so stopping 
letters therein, and then letting a flap of the inner seal fall upon 
the covering, and so to put them on a beggar's feet and send 
him where they pleas'd. The other way they had was to carry 
them in a hollow stick or crutch, that beggars walks with. 'Tis 
an observation all over England, that all these great captains and 
officers, that had any hand in fighting against King Charles the 
First, are all or most of 'em become beggars, as the[y] deserve, for 
committing such an abominable act as rebellion against one of 
the best of men. 

1 5. Yesterday I was at Brigg, to hear what newse there was 
stirring, but there happen'd to be none observable, the Holland 
males being not come. 

Yet, however, it is mightily to the honour of old England to 
hear what valiant sons she now brings forth, when all forreign 
nations expected her past bearing coragious men. 

When the king came over in 88,-^ there was but very few 
Englishmen that knew anything of the feats of wan*. In Ireland 
there was but very few commanders English, all the rest being 
Dutch and French. When they besieged Lyaierick, the ingencers 
were all forreigners. But a private soldier, called Brown, taking 
notice how they cast their bombs, and how slow they were in 
doing of it, he desired lieve to see what he could do, and he was 
so fortunate as to outdo them, and to cast two into the citty to 
their one ; and he was the first ingeneer that we had since this 
warr begun. 

But now capt. Phillips, capt. Bendbow, my lord Barclay, 
and innumerable others, are so expedite and skillfull thereat, that 
they cast them as well as any one ever did. Last year, when 
they burnt Deep [Dieppe], the Marq[uis} of Choiseul, the com- 
mander, sent letters to the French king, complaining that the 
Enghsh mortars were so bigg that they could stand far off at sea^ 
out of any cannon reach from the town, and cast their bombs 
therein as they pleas'd ; and we have several mortars now that 
flings or casts bombs above two miles and an half, as the French 
know to their sorrow. 

■f William began his reign February 13th, 1689, 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 67 

25. Mr. Selden, the famous antiquary, gatherd up all the old 
ballets he could meet with, and would protest that there was 
more truth in them than there was in many of our historians. 
Ex relat. amid mei doctiss. dom. Lewis, minist. 

26. I have been at Castor again yesterday, on some business, 
and from thence I went to Nettle[ton],? a little mile, to see some- 
thing there that I thought memorable. All along the hill side 
there, for at least a mile, lyes a long bed of sand, which has 
sprung somewhere thereabouts out of the ground, and encreas'd 
to the aforosayd bigness, having cover'd a great quantity of good 
ground, and by that means undone several poor people. Within 
these twenty years it begun to move towards this town, and all 
that part of it that layd close to the hill edge (which was about 
twenty-five houses, with their folds and garths) has been destroy'd 
by it this several years, onely there is one house, which is a poor 
man's, that has stood it out by his great pains and labour ; but as 
for his folds and gardens they are all cover'd. It had destroy'd 
a great deal more of this town, but that, betwixt it and the aforo- 
sayd houses that were destroy'd, there runs a strong water sprino-, 
or brook, which it cannot get over, neither can it fill it, for as 
soon as any great rains falls, either in summer or winter, upon 
the hills, it dissends through this brook, and soon washes it to its 
old channel again, etc. So that this quicksand, not being able to 
get over, it goes all along by its side and the side of the hill, and 
last year broke a great hedge down, and has begun to enter 
into a piece of excellent ground, which it will most certainly 
destroy. And this was the memorable thing that I went to see. 
I have read in the Transactions of the Royal Society of a such 
like sand in the borders of Norfolk, which has almost destroy'd 
a whole town ; but that moves southward, as I remember, but 
this northward. 

\_Three pages wanti7ig~\. 



1695. 

8 (Sept. ?) This day I was asking several how they got wells 
digg'd in this country, seeing that it is so very rocky. They 
told me that a well will cost five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten 
pound digging, and sometimes more at after, as the stone proves 

*■ Nettleton is a small village, about one mile south of Caistor. 



68 THE DIARY OF 

softer or harder. Justice Nelstrop/ of Scavvby, our next town, 
had a well digg'd about a year ago, and they were forced to digg 
through five or six layers of stone, some three, some four, some 
six, some eight inches thick, betwixt which commonly was a 
layer of clay. The way the[y] took to get through the stone was 
this : they swept the surface thereof clean, and made a great fire^ 
of wood thereon, in the well, and then cast a sackfull or two of 
coals on, so that there was a great fire, by the heat of which the 
rock gave cracks as bigg as cannon, and pieces of four or six 
pound weight would have flown out of the very top of the well 
with great force. And then, when the fire was out, they fell on 
with their picks and chizels, and having cutt as farr as they 
could, then thc[y] fired again, as before, untill the[y] found a 
spring and gott throw the rock. 

16. This day I observed a Roman way to run from Lincoln, 
and by this town, in a direct line to Humber side. ]t has been 
paved, and in many places the pavement is very obvious at this 
day,' as, for example, a little on this side Scawby wood, where 
I measur'd it seven yards broad. 

Septem. About the beginning of this month happen'd a most 
vehement storm. The wind was north, which has done an 
incredible deal of damage, there being reckon'd to be lost above 
two hundred and fifty coUiars' vessels, with all their men, and of 
other ships, such as pinks,-^ and such, about thirty-six ; and men 
are cast ashore in such plenty, all along these coasts of Lincoln- 
shire, that people are forc'd to leave their harvest and carry them 
away in carts to bury them. Yesterday I was with one at 
Brigg that was in the whole tempest, and yet escap'd. He saj's 
that about an houer before it begun, they being at sea, saw a 
prodigious black cloud in the north, which swelled bigger and 
bicrcrer, and at last it burst asunder with the dreadfulest thunder 



C5C3 



'' Justice Nel strop is Sir Goddard Neltliorpe, the second Baronet. Tie 
married Dorothy, daughter of Hugh Henne, esq., of Rooksnest, in Surrey, and 
relict of Nicholas Poultney, esq. The title became extinct, 22 Nov., 18(35, on 
the death of Sir .John Nelthorpe, Bart. ARMS. — Argent, on a pale sable a sword 
erect of the field, pommel and hilt or. 

* The pavement of the Ermine Street yet exists in several places. It is 
usually visible, especially after heavy rains, in the declivity of a little hill, 
immediately to the south of the gate leading from the Ermine Street to Manby 
Hall. Probably this is the place where De la Pryme saw it. It is in the parish 
of Scawby, not more than two miles from Broughton. 

J "A small vessel, masted and rigged like other ships, but built with a round 
stern ; the bends and ribs compassing so that her sides bulge out very much.' 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 69 

and lifrlifcning that ever was seen, but especialy with the hitter, for 
it came down in such flakes that all the whole sea scem'd to be 
of a flame, and then, immediately after, the storm arose out of 
that dreadfull cloud. 

29. I being in Yorkshire last week, at Sir George Cook's,* 
we heard there how that Sir William Lowther,' a presbiterian, 
hearing of a great meeting of the townsmen of Pomfrit together, 
he goes thither, and sends them in, in the first place, a duzen of 
bottels of claridd, and then a duzen more, by which time, think- 
ing they had been a little drunk, he makes bold to go amongst 
them, and, after haveing complemented them exceedingly, he at 
length begins to tell them what he drive at, to witt, of cretino- 

OO --111 ^ /oo 

their votes that he might be made a parlament man, and did tell 
them so many fine things, and what favours and kindness he 
Avould bestow upon, so that they scarce knew, what to say. But 
immediately one Mr. Stables,"* sitting at the end of the table, took 
him up, saying, "Sir William, we thank you for your wine, but, 
had we understood that this was the design thereoff, we would 
have raither been without. And for our votes, I must tell you 
truly, if I had ten thousand I would not give one of them to you, 
nor to any such Commonwealth's man as you are." "la Com- 
monwealth's man!" (says Sir William) "I defy it; I scorn to be 
scandaliz'd so," etc. Upon which, and a great many more 
words. Sir William challeng'd Mr. Stables to the door. To 
which Mr. Stables answer'd, "To the door! I scorn to come to 
the door with any such presbiterian raskal." Upon which Sir 
William drew at him ; but the company riss up against him, bid 
him get him gone ; what had he to do to intrude into their 
company, and to disturb them. And so Sir William went away, 
curseino; and swearincr how he would be reveno-'d of them. 
Thus this Mr. Stables saved the votes of all his company ; for 
undoubtedly, if he had not stood up to him, he had got all their 
votes. 

Oc'TOB. 2. I was yesterday with Mr. Anderson, of this town, 

* Sir George Cooke, of Wheatley, near Doncaster, third Baronet, died 5 
October, 1732. 

' Sir William Lowther, of Swillington and Great Preston, Bart. 

™ Probably William Stables, Alderman and twice Mayor of Pontefract. 
Alderman [Richard] Stables was one of the volunteers in Pontefract Castle on 
Christmas day, 1644. Mr. Pdchard Stables, no doubt the same person, was an 
inliabitant of that borough in the following year. — Drake's Journal; S'urtees, 
Miscellaneous, pp. 3, 5, 52. There is a pedigree of this family, the Stables of 
Tanshelf, in Ltirjdale's Visit. Ebor.,\{j(i5-ii,]>. l\. 



70 THE DIARY OF 

a fine gentleman, and of a great estate. Talking of the spaw 
waters of Knaresbrough, but especialy the sulphur well, and of 
the great virtue it has, amongst other things he told me that he 
was there this year, and had a waiting boy with him, that for 
about a month before, had been subject by times to have something 
to rise up in his throat, and then to vomitt blood. He caryed 
this boy to the sulfer well, and, having made him drink heartily 
of the water, he vomited up a skin, somewhat like a bladder, full 
of clotted blood. It came up, he says, by pieces, at three or four 
vomits. This is very strange, and well worth taking notice of. 
This gentleman's eldest son, about fifteen years old, often 
times of a sudden falls down, and cannot get any breath, yet 
nothing arises in his throat, and he is as lively and vigorus a 
young man as can be seen. The only thing that dos him good, 
and recovers him, is the anointing his nostrills with sweet oyl, 
and the pouring a little down his throat. 

OcTOB. 3. Some may be asking in future times how the 
Jacobites behaved themselves under this government, which they 
were so much against. I answer, that when anything went of 
their side, they were very merry and j'oyfull ; and, on the con- 
trary, were as much cast down when anything went against 
them. They were frequently' exceeding bold, and would talk 
openly against the government, which the government conniv'd a 
little at, for fear of raising any bustle, knowing that they were 
inconsiderable by reason of their paucity. They set up separate 
meetings all over, where there was any number of theni, at which 
meetings I myself have once or twice been iu Cambridge, for we 
had above twenty fellows in our coll[pg3] that were nonjurors. The 
service they used was the Common Prayer, and always pray'd 
heartily for King James, nameing him most commonly ; but, in 
some meetings, they onely prayed for the king, not nameing who. 

About three years ago they hold a great consultation at the 
then nonjuring arch-bish[op] of Canterbury's house, where about 
all the chief nonjurors were present in all England, in which the 
arch-bish[op] gave them rules how to behave themselves, and 
how they should pray for the king, and such like. 

Their meetings in Cambridge were oftentimes broken up by 
order of the vice-chancellor, but then they always met again in 
some private house or other. 

They had a custome in our college, while I was there, which 
I did not like, and that was always on publick flist days, which 
was every first Wednesday in every month, they always made a 
great feast then and drunk and was merry ; the like they did at 
London. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 71 

And at that latter place made bonefires and rung the bells on 
King James the Second's and the Prince of Wales's birth nights. 
This is all I can at present remember of them, for, God knows, 
I was once one of them myself, untill I was at length better in- 
form'd. 

Yesterday was Castor fair ; there was almost no silver to bee 
seen at it, nothing but gold. Every one had five, or ten, or 
twenty, or one hundred guinnes a piece. There was nothino- 
almost to be seen for all sorts of thino-s but o-old. 

OcTOB. 20. This [day] examining and talking with several of my 
oldest parishoners of this town about what was memorable relating 
thereto, they tell me that this Roman way, of which I have already 
made mention, is commonly call'd amongst them the High Street 
way. 

This country has been exceeding woody to what it is now, 
above half of the woods being cut down and sold about forty years 
ago. Here was formerly very great roberys committed in them, 
this being the most dangerous place in the whole country, so that 
people durst scarce travel in companys. In this wood towards 
Thorholm more, is a low sunken place call'd Gipwcll," w'^'^ was 
formerly a mighty deej) hole, so thick beset with trees, that it 
was impossible to see the sun. Here it was that the rogues kept 
their rendisvouz and carryd all those thither that they rob'd, 
oftentimes murdering them and casting theni therein. Within 
these twenty years stood a mighty great hollow tree, in which, 
when it was cut close up by the roots, was found a pair of pot- 
hooks. 

Thare stood a mighty great famous tree likewise by this way 
side, which was cut down about thirteen years ago. It was nine 
yards about, had twenty load of wood in it besides it's body, and 
spread at least twenty-five yards each way when it was standing. 

There is a good law at Worlebee, a town some few miles off, 
which every temiant, according to the quantity of land that he 
takes, is bound to plant yearly so many trees thereon ; but, tho' this 
law is yet in force amongst them, yet it is a great pitty that it 
is not so much regarded as formerly." 

» There is no such place as Gipwell now. There is a deep black bog on two 
sides of Thornhohne, and it must, I think, liave been some part of this that 
was formerly a pond or pool ; and if they put their victims in, I have no doubt 
they would soon sink into the bog, and never be heard of again. 

There were bye-laws, in many manors, requiring the tenants to plant 
trees yearly. At a court of the manor of Bottesford, held April 1st, 1579 the 
following, among other regulations, was decreed by the lord and jury. 

"Item, that everie husbandman within this lordshippe [is] to sett euery 
yere vj willowes, and euery cotiger iij, and to preserve them from cattel ; in 
doing the contrary euery husbandman to forfayte xijd., and euery cotiger vjd." 



72 TPIE DIARY OF 

OcTOB. 25. The other day I was at the visitation at Ganes- 
burrough. I met with nothing observable by the way but some 
phices that looked like old fortifications; only at the veiy entrance 
of the town is a large green burrow, hollow at the top, under 
which, as I concieve, many Dains have been buried, because 
that they mightily infested this town in King William the Con- 
queror's days. The church is no S[)lcndid piece of workmanship, 
but low, narrow, and dark. I had not time to observe what in- 
scriptions there were in it.'' 

Stow' caused a letter to be read nnto us that came from the 
bishops, which commanded us, amongst other things, to observe 
to pray for the bishops and the universitys of this land in our 
prayer before sermons,'' and that we should always conclude the 
same with that most excellent and divine of all [)rayers, called the 
Lord's Prayer. It commanded also that every Oiie that kept a 
curate should allow him proportionable to the greatness of the 
livings in which he officiated. And ordered likewise, that every 
Sunday, in the afternoon, wee should catechize and make chate- 
chetical lectui'es, or else preach twice on the day, etc. 

Everything was exceeding dear by reason that the king intends 
shortly to visite some of these parts. 

]sfQyBER 9j.|j_ ijij^g latter end of the last month the king made a 
journey to Lincoln, and so to Welbeck and Nottingham. He 
brought with him not above twenty nobles from London, and 
his guard, besides gentlemen that he liad pick'd up in the country 
as he came alono;. He got into Ijincoln about seven a clock at 
night, and next morning went to prayei's in the minster, where, 
after prayers, all the clergy had the honour to kiss the king's 
liand ; and then, when that ceremony was over, the king went 
away, and immediataly took coach for Welbeck. 

He brought with him from London all his own provision, but 
made little use of the same at Lincoln, for he eat nothing there 
but a porringer of milk. As he was at prayers several throng'd 
mightily about him, so that he could scarce get any wind, upon 

P An encjraving of the old church at Gainsbrough may be seen in Stark's 
History of Gai)isbro\ second edition, 1843, p. 364. It was evidently a building 
of late perpendicular date, probably erected not many years before the Refor- 
mation. With the exception of the tower, it was pulled down in 173G. 

1 The Diarist has run his pen through" Doct." before Stow, and after it ("3'e 
Chancellour as I think "). He must mean the Archdeacon of Stow, who, at this 
period, was John Ilutton, M.A. ; he was collated to the archdeaconry 4 November, 
1684, installed 21 February, 1684-5. He died 29 April, 1712, aged 63 years, and 
was buried at Wapenham, in Northamptonshire. — Le Nere. ii., p. 81. 

"■ This evidently enjoins the use of the " Bidding Prayer."' 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 73 

which he made signs to them with his hands to stand off. 

His comeing made a vast noise in the country, and prodio-ious 
number of men went from all parts to see him ; ev^en from York, 
and Carlisle, and Newcastle itself, as I was credibly told. 

In Lincoln there was so many, that people of all sorts were 
forst to Iv in stables and barns, and every thino- was soexceedino- 

1 !"••• I'll 

dear that it is incredible. 

The parriters [apparritors] were sent out, all ten miles round 
about Lincoln, to bid the clergy come in to kiss the king's hand, 
and all the constables had order to acquaint all towns and gentle- 
men with the kino-'s comeincr to Lincoln. 

I am credibly told that the town of Newark presented him with 
a silver scepter, curiously cut and ingraved, but he would not 
accept thereoflf. Then they presented him with a bagg of gold, 
but he refused that also, he telling them that the taxes were great, 
etc. But at Lincoln he received one of fifty broads and fifty 
guinneys. 

1695. For all the stirr that was made at Pomfrit about S""- 
Wil![iam] Lowther, yet I hear to-day that, upon better considera- 
tion, when they had not got so much wine in their heads, they 
have chosen him for their parliament man, after that he had 
clear'd himself from being a Puritan.^ 

2L Having heard several more things from very good hands 
relating to the king's being in this country, I cannot but take 
notice of the same. The king was mighty nobly entertained at 
S"^- John Brownley's,' twelve miles or thereabouts beyond Lincoln, 
S''- Jo. killed twelve fat oxen and sixty sheep, besides other 
victuals, for his entertainment, and made the most of him and his 
followers that can be imagin'd. The king was exceedinor merry 
there, and drunk very freely, which was the occasion that when 
he came to Lincoln he could eat nothing but a mess of milk. 

When he got to Lincoln, Mr. Dorell made as much of him as 
he possibly could, and 'tis say'd that that night's treat cost him 
above 500 pound. 

When he came to the Earl of Kingstone's, there was provided 
for him the most quantity of victuals of all manner of sorts that 
can he imagined. There was near twenty oxen kill'd, besides 

* Sir William Lowther, Mr. Monckton, and Sir John Bland, stood candi- 
dates ; the two first gentlemen were returned. The latter petitioned, but after- 
wards withdrew the petition. 

' Sir John Brownlow, of Belton, near Grantham. 



74 THE DIARY OF 

great numbers of sheeps, and twenty-five messes of different 
meats were all served up to the king and the nobles in huge 
dishes of plate, and they had all sorts of wines that can be 
imagined. Tlie king's guards had every one of them two bottles 
of difterent wines set at their trenchers, and liberty to go in the 
earl's cellars and drink what they would. 

But as for the Duke of Newcastle, tho' he went to meet his 
Majesty at Dunham ferry, and tho' he carryed him home to his 
house, yet he behaved himself the sneakinglyest to him that can be 
imagined for a man of his quality and figure. For, as he is com- 
monly recon'd to be one of the richest and one of the cove- 
tiousest man in all England, so he made it appear so by bis 
entertainment of the king, who was nothing at all made ofi" in 
comparison to what he was at S""- Jo[hn] Brownley's, or Lincoln, 
or the Earl of Kingstone's, so that 'tis sayd that the king is sayd 
to have sayd that Brownley entertained him like a prince, King- 
stone like an emperor, and Newcastle like a clown. 

The king, because that he had the first good entertainment 
that he mett with in the country at S""- Jo[hn] Brownley's, he has 
sent up for him to London, to honour him the. more, and to re- 
quite him for his kindnesses. 

All gentlemen and great men whenever they came were per- 
mitted to kiss the king's hand. 

The king was, as they say, mighty nobly treated at Oxford by 
the Earl of Ormond tho Chancellour, and, in a word, has got 
the greatest affections that ever was known by this progress 
into the country. 

At Lincoln, before the clergy had the great honour done unto 
them to be admitted to kiss the king's hand, the chanter" made 
this following short speech to his Majesty — 

May it please your Majesty ! 

Wee, yonv Majesty's most dutifull and loyal subjects, ye chapter of this 
your cathedral church, together with our brethren the neighbouring clergy, 
humbly begg lieve to bear a part in that publick joy which ye honour of your 
Majesty's presence has spread through their country, and presume to take this 
opportunity to make your Majesty ye most humble tender of duty ; and 
wee beseech your Majesty to believe that we are thorougly sensible of 
ye wonderfull preservation and continued favours which ye people, ye laws, 
ye church, and religion of England owe to your sacred Majesty, and by ye bless- 
ing of God will studdy with all our might to make such a return of duty for 
the same as becomes our holy function ; and, as in duty and gratitude bound, we 
daily beseech Almighty God to preserve and bless your Majesty's person, to 
prosper your arms, and prolong your reign, to continue your Majesty a terror to 
your enemys, and glory and blessing to these your kingdoms, and a successful 

" The Precentor. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 75 

defender of the church and religion you have so happily preserved and estab- 
lish'd. and, in God's good time, to crown your victorys with making your Majesty 
the glorious instrument of restoaring and establishing the peace of all Chns- 
tendome. 

This is the speech, and I had it sent to me from Lincoln 
under Doct[or] Holm's own hand, having imploy'd a friend to 
get it for me. 

29. It having been hitherto the finest weather that can be 
desired, more like summer than winter, I observed that the crows 
are bnsy in building their nests just as if it was spring. I have read 
somewhere that there has been found young crows at Christmass 
time, and I remember that it was look'd upon as an ill omen, but 
there's nothing ominous in it. 

j)gQBER. 7^ 1695.- I was with Mr. Castor, a learned and in- 
genious man, this evening, and, talking of diverse things, he tells 
me that the same Collonel Lilliston" that was a soldier in Crom- 
wel's days for the parliament, was a relation of his, and, Ihat which 
is observable, he saj's that he, the same Lilliston, was the twentveth 
child of his parents, by one man and one woman, and that they 
all lived to men and woman's estate. After which Col. the same 
two people had some three or four children more, all girls, which 
lived. 

He says that Cromwel had a great many soldiers in each 
country which they calld eight-pound men, because they had 
sallerys of eight pound a year whether they served in the warrsorno. 

" Recent investigations into the pedigree of Lillingston can only discover 
the existence of thirteen children. Colonel Lillingston married Elizabeth, dau. 
of Marmaduke Dolman, of Bottesford, co. Lincoln, and is said to have died in 
Holland in 1682. Some dim tradition of him is remembered by old people 
sixty years ago. He was spoken of as a hard featured man, who always wore 
a steel breast-plate, and held very strong puritan opinions. He had several 
children, the only one whom it is needful to mention is Luke Lillingston, born 
at Bottesford 22 October, 1655, when his father was the owner of the property by 
parliamentary title. He entered the Dutch service, and had a subordinate com- 
mand at the siege of Grave. He was afterwards appointed Colonel of an English 
regiment. He served in Ireland and the West Indies, and rose to the raiik of 
Lieut.-General. He contributed to literature a pamphlet called " Reflections 
on Mr. Barchet's Memoirs," 8vo., London, ITOi. I am not aware thatithas any 
other interest now, except that which attaches to excessive rarity. Only some 
three or four copies are known. There is one in the British Museum. He died 
at North Ferriby, co. York, G April, 1713, and was buried in the church there 
on the 9th of the same month, where there is the following inscription to his 
memory. " Here lye the bodycs of Brigadier Luke Lillingston (Son of Colonel 
Henry Lillingston, late of Bottesford, in the County of Lincoln) who departed 
this life April the Gth., 1713, in the 60th year of his age ; and of Elizabeth his 
wife (daughter of Robert Saunderson, late of Bommel, in the Province of 
Guelderland), who dyed October the 18th, 1699, aged 58. 



76 THE DIARY OF 

23. I heard tliis of my patron, that is just come from London, 
that the king, as he was going to Oxford, was told by one of his 
nobles (but upon what grounds it is uncertain) that his Majesty 
should be poison'd at Oxford, and desired him not to tast of any 
of their entertainment. Upon which, when he came to Oxford, 
he was exceedingly welcom'd, and carryed to the theater, which 
was full of geiitry in all the gallerys, and there was a most 
splendid repast provided. But the king came in with his lords 
and nobles, and took a view of all, and having walked about for 
a while went out. As he was going out several of the mobb 
throng'd in, upon which the gentlemen in the gallerys hist at them ; 
and the king, not understanding the meaning thereoflP, thought 
they hiss'd at him, and took it very ill, until that the Chancellor 
and several of the heads of the university hearing thereoff went 
and told the king the true reason of their hissing. 

A great many more things I could relate about the king's 
being in the country, but I am very suspitious of them, therefore 
shall not set any of them down. 

29. Yesterday, James Middleton came over from Hatfield. 
He tells me a very merry thing that happen'd at Wroot, in the 
Isle, lately. Mr. Parrel there had a great lusty man-servant, 
but, as appears by the sequell of the discourse, not of very much 
witt. About two months ago, there comes a maggot into his 
head to turn padder upon the highway ; so he acquaints his 
master with his resolution. "Master," says he, "I have been 
two years in your service, and what I get is inconsiderable, and 
will scarce suffice my expenses ; and I work very hard. I fancy," 
says he, "that I could find out a better way to live, and by 
which I should have more ease and more money." "Ey," says 
his master, "pray what is that?" "It is," says he, "by turn- 
ing padder." " Alass ! John," says he, "that will not do; take 
my word," says he, "you'll find that a harder service than 
mine." "Well, but I'll try," says the man. And so, next 
morning, away he went, with a good clubb in his hand ; and, 
being got in the London road, somewhere about Newark or 
Grantham, there overtook him on the road a genteel man on 
horseback. John letts him come up to him, and taking his 
advantage, he catches hold of his bridle, and bidds him stand 
and deliver. Upon which he of horseback, being a highwayman 
himself, he began to laugh that a thief should pretend to rob a 
thief "But," says he, "barken, thou padder, I'm one of thy 
trade; but surely, thou'rt either a fool or one that was never at 
the trade before." "No sir," says John, "I never was at this 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 77 

trade in my life before." "I thought so," says the highway- 
man; "therefore, take my advice, and mind what I say to 
you. When you have a mind to robb a man, never take hold of 
his bridle and bid him stand, but, the first thing you do, knock 
him down, and, if he talk to you, hit him another stroke, and 
say, 'Sirrah! you rogue, do you prate?' And then," says the 
highwayman, "you have him at your will," etc. Thus they 
walk'd on for about a mile, the highwayman teaching the other 
his art; and as they were going a by way to a certain town, they 
comes to a badd lane. Says the padder to the other on horsback 
" Sir, I am better acquainted with this country than perhaps you 
are, this lane is very badd, and you'll indanger [of] lying fast, 
therefore you may go through this yate," and along the field 
side, and so miss all the ill way." So he took his advice, and 
going that way the padder went the other way, and coming to 
the place where the highwayman should ride through a gapp into 
the lane again, this rogue, this padder, stands under the hedge, 
and as soon as ever he sees the highwayman near him, he lends 
him such a knock over the head that he brought him down 
immediately. Upon which he began to say, " Sarrah, you 
rogue, is this your gratitude for the good advice that I gave 
you?" "Ah! you villain, do you prate?" And with that 
gave him another knock. And so, having him wholy at his mercy, 
he takes almost fifty pound from him and gets upon his horse, 
and away he rides home to his master at Wroot, by another way, 
as fast as he could go, and being got home he goes to his master 
and tell's him, saying — •" Tash ! master, I find this a very hard 
trade that 1 have been about, as you sayd it would prove, and I am 
resolved to go no more, but be contented with what I have gott. 
I have got a good horse here, and fifty pound in my pocket, from a 
hio-hwayman, and I have consider'd that I cannot be prosecuted 
for it, therefore I'll live at ease," etc. 

1696. 

Jan. 2. The king having issued out his royal proclamation, 
towards the end of the last year, that no clipped money should go 
but unto such a day, it has made a vast noise in the country, and 
most people grumbles exceedingly because that the time is so 

'" Yate. Gate, the common form of the word throughout the north of 
England and Lincolnshire. 

"Seest thou not yonder hall, Ellen? 
Of redd gold shine the yates." 

Ckilde Waters, 1. 72, Percy's folio MS., vol. II., pt. ii., p. 274. 



78 THE DIARY OF 

short, and there is no penalty layJ upon those that refuses it 
until the appointed time. They say the rabble has been up at 
Lo!idnn about it, but they are settled ao:ain, and there was a 
libell flung up and down the streets, which the king and parlia- 
ment have promis'd two thousand pounds to any one that will 
discover the author thereoff'. 

19. Chattel eats turneps in this country better than they'll do 
hay, and they make them so sportly, lively, and vigorous that 
they play and leap like young kidds. 

Three pages wanting. 

Doct[or] Pierce' is a very learned and ingenious man, (if he 
be vet alive), he preached a sermon that got him a great deal of 
reputation and honour, takeing for his text these words, " From the 
beginning it was not so." This was chiefly levell'd against the 
papeists, and shew'd the novelty of popery, how that it was not 
known in the primitive times of Christianity. Not long after 

this, the Doct[or] (being of coll[ege] in Oxford), caused 

the bowling-green of the saycl coll[ege] to be plow'd up 
and sawn with turnips, because that the schollers spent a great 
deal of their time there in that sport. Upon which, one of them, 
a while after, when the turnips were grown up, made the fol- 
lowino- copy of verses, and pasted them one night upon his 

dore : — 

Where bools did run, now turnips grow, 
But from ye beginning it was not so. 

Reflecting ingeniously in the latter line upon the Doct[or's] 
celebrated sermon. 

' Thomas Pierce, son of John Pierce, was born at Devizes, co. Wilts., (of 
which town his father was several times Mayor), was Rector of Brington, co. 
Northampton, President of Magdalen College, Oxford, and was installed Dean 
of Salisbury 4th May, 1675, which dignity he kept to his dying day. In the 
year 1683 arose a controversy between him and Dr. Seth Ward, Bishop of Salis- 
bury, concerning the bestowing of the dignities of the church of Salisbury, 
whether by the king or bishop. Dr. Pierce wrote a narrative on behalf of the 
king, which was answered by Dr. Ward ; but neither was published. Pierce, 
however, wrote a pamphlet in vindication of the king's sovereign right, which 
was printed in London in 1683. He also wrote many other works, a list of which 
may be seen in Bliss's AthencB Oxonienses, vol. iv., p. 299. He, dying 28 March, 
1691, was buried at North Tidworth, near Ambersbury, co. Wilts., (where, several 
years before, he had purchased an estate), at which time a book, composed by 
Dr. Pierce, was given into the hands of every person invited to the funeral, in- 
stead of rings and gloves. This book was entitled " Death considered as a door 
to a life of glory, penn'd for the comfort of serious mourners, and occasioned 
by the funerals of several friends, particularly of one who died at Easter, and 
of the Author's own funeral in antecessum." There is a long account of him 
in Catalogue of Felloivs of Magdalen, College, Oxen, 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 79 

Guinneys gos yet at thirty shil![ings] a piece. 

All sorts ofcommoditys has sold very well ever since the warr 
begun, and bears a good price to this day. Wool is nineteen and 
twenty shillings a stone. Barly is twenty two sh[illings] a quarter, 
and in Yorkshire twenty-eight, etc. 

Febr. 5. At Upper Reasby there has been a pretty large 
handsome town formerly, but now 'tis all vanished but one single 
large farm-house. There has been a pretty larg church there, 
well_ built, as appears from part thereof now standing, and the 
tradition of the place says that it has had four bells, two of which 
were broke, and the other two given to the church of Roxby, 
within the memory of man.^ 

6. And this day I went to Gokewell,' formerly called Goy- 
kewell, which was a nunnery. It seems to have been a most 
stately place." The walls has compassed in betwixt twenty and 
thirty akers of ground. They shew'd me a little well, which, by 
tradition, was once very great and famous ; this they called Nun's 
Well. It has run straight through the midst of this ground, 
being a great spring, and it fedd all the house with water, and 
several statues or water fountains in the courts and o-ardens. The 
part of the old building that stands is but very small, one room 
at most. Here was a church within this nunnery, as the con- 
stant tradition says, part of which, bem^ fitt to fall, was puU'd 
down about ten years ago ; and as they digged deep, to set down 
a stoop for a yate, the[y] found, at about four foot deep, the pave- 
ment of the sayd church consisting of larg four square pavers all 
leaded. Part of the orchard walls of this nunnery is yet stand- 
ing, and there has spread upon it and knitt into it an ivy that has 
mightily preserved it, and will keep it firm and strong many 

y There is evidence of there once having been a village at Risby. Green 
moundd may still be seen, by which the forms of houses may be traced. They 
were probably simply cottages around the hall. This hall, once the residence of 
Sir John Aylmer, Kt., third son of John Aylmer, Bishop of London, has lono- 
disappeared. Its site is occupied by a farm house of the better class. The 
estate has been in the possession of the family of Ehves, of Great Billino-. in 
Northamptonshire, for several generations. The church of Risby has long°dis- 
appeared, the foundations alone remaining. The form of the chancel, nave 
and tower, may still be distinctly made out, as also the enclosure fence'of the 
church-yard, now but a green bank. 

^ There is but little known about this small religious house. A few sculp- 
tured stones remain of its buildings. Among the proceedings of the Lincoln- 
shire Architectural Society for 1854, pp. 104-8, are transcripts of four grants of 
land which were once made to it. 

" It was built by one ilr. Will. D'Awtrey, in lattin De alta xiv^.— Marginal 
Note hj diarist. 



80 THE DIARY OF 

years, in tlie stones of whicli wall are innumerable belemnites. 
There was a little town, as there most commonly was wherever 
were religious houses ; the chappel that belonged to it was pulld 
down and converted into a dwelling; house, which stands on the 
north side of this nunnery, and is, to this day, called the chappel 
house. 

7. This day I made another journey, and that was to Ran- 
trop,* to enquire for antiquitys there. I find that it's true name 
is Ravensthorpe, and that there has been a town there, as is 
apparent from the foundations of many houses. I was shewed 
a place likewise, which the constant tradition of" the inhabi- 
tants says was a chappel, and the cloas is called Chappel cloase 
unto this day. This place is in Appleby parish, for all that 
our parish of Broughton is betwixt. They talk that there has 
been a religious house here, or however, as I am rather apt to 
believe, a college of monks belonging to Thornholm in the 
parish of Ap])leby, and very probable it is that the lord of this 
Rantrop, tho' it was in Broughton jjarish, might give the same 
unto the monks of Thornholm, and so by that means it perhaps 
came to be annexed to Appleby parish, tlio' it be realy and truly 
in this of Brourrhton. All the houses at this Ravensthori) is now 
but three or four. 

When the religious houses were standing in petty towns, the 
towns got a great sustinence by them ; but they being pull'd 
down, was the reason of the towns falling to ruin. Tomorrow I 
go see Thornton, if it be fair weather. 

8. Yesterday I could not go to Thornton , as I proposed , but how- 
ever went to Castrop" in this parish, which town was formerly 

* Raventhorp, pronounced by the common people Rantln-up, is a detached 
township belonging to the parish of Appleby. There are some obscure traces 
of foundations yet visible. It is not probable that the place, was ever much 
more populous than it is now. There is at present but one f arui house and a few 
cottages. The last census return gives the population as 26. 

<^ Castlethorpe, pronounced by the common people Castorp, the same exactly 
as the Domesday spelling. When the Domesday survey was made, it formed 
a part of the possessions of Durant Malet ; and the following charter shews that 
this township, or a portion of it, was in the hands of the family of Painel, at 
a shortly subsequent period. The hand in which the charter is written and 
other circumstances, I am informed, indicate that it is not of later date than 
the reign of Henry II. 

" Notum sit omnibus, tam prsesentibus quam futuris, quod ego Willelmus 
Painel dono, & concede, & hiic mea carta confirmo Philippo de Alta Ripa, filio 
Antonii de Alta Ripa, diraidiam carucatam in Kaisthorp, quam Antonius de Alta 
Ripa tenuit de me ; cum tofto quod idem Antonius tenuit in eadem villa in feudo 
&c hsereditate ; sibi & hseredibus suis tenendam de me & haaredibus meis, in bosco 



ABRAHAM DE LA PUYME. 81 

call'd Castlethorpjfrom a great castle tliat was therein King John's 
days, the ruins of which are now scarce to be seen, onely the 
place where it stood is called Castle Hill to this day. On the 
east side on the town, on your right as you go down to the com- 
mons, here are a great many foundations of houses to be seen. 
It has been as bigg again as it is, and was „nce a parish of 
itself. They say that it had a larg chappcli at it formerly, where 
now stands the stable on the south side of the east fold. I fancy 
that there has also been a religious house there where now the 
hall stands, because that I have observ'd, in the walls thereoff, 
arch'd windows, very low, near the ground, with cherubim heads 
on, and, m a neighbouring house over against the way, I say 
[saw] a piece of ceiling with these letters on in great characters, 
J.H.C., which signifies Jesus hominum Salvator ; and this hall, I 
observe, has been moated about with a very deep ditch, as most 
religious houses were. This hall was built about the year 1600 
(as appearsfrom a stone over the gate), out of the ruins perhaps 
of the religious house. 

About fifty years since there was another great hall here, that 
stood in the great cloase that lyes full west of this hall, the founda- 
tions of which are yet visible. There is to be seen about this hall 
these two coats of arms in stone.'' 

1695-6. 25. Being at Brigg yesterday with Mr. Morley, of 
Redburn, or Retburn, as it is in old deeds, and being talking of 
various things, he says that about four years ago there happened a 
mighty rain and a great flux of the springs, which are all about 
these townes here in Lincolnshire, and he says that he himself saw 
and beheld, in all the gutters and rivelets of water in the streets and 
in the flodges," great quantities of little young jacks, or pickerels, 

& piano, ia pratis & pasturis, in viis & semitis, in aquis, infra villam & extra 
viUam, & m omnibus locis, pro homagio suo, liberam & quietam ; reddendo mihi 
& hsredibus raeis xijd. ad Pentecosten pro omnibus serviciis quaj ad me per- 
tinent & hajredes meos. His testibus, Roberto de Gaunt, Petro de Alta Ripa 
Toma Peitevin, Willelmo de Hedune, Pliilippo de Alta Ripa, Nigello filio 
Wimarc, Alexandre de Alretune, Adamo Painel, Theobaldo, Ricardo Painel 
Gilberto Painel, Willelmo filio Gamelli, Willelmo de Plaiz, Hugone de Startune' 
Jordano filio Roberti." (Seal gone). ' 

The township most probably takes its name from an earthwork. A castle, 
in the sense in which the word is now commonly used, can scarcely have existed 
there at so early a time. 

•^ Two shields are here sketched, one of them quarterly, but the charges 
have not been inserted. 

^ Flodge. A small sheet of water of very slight depth, on a nearly level 
surface. It is no doubt a hard form of the word Flash, Flosh, or Fleesh It 
bears the same relation to Flash as Splotch does to Splash, Slod'ge or Sludge to 
G 



82 THE DIARY OF 

about the length of a man's fingure, and that Avhen the waters 
were gone they all dy'cl. I ask'd him whence he thought they 
came. He sayd he could not certainly tell, but that some thought 
they came from the clouds with the rain, but that he for his part 
believed that they came out of the springs, and that they bred there 
in great caverns of the earth. Upon which I told him the history of 
the gz'eat lake in Caruiola,^ which mightily pleas'd him, and con- 
firmed him in his opinion. 

We had the newse yesterday of a great plot being discovered, 
and how the king had like to have been kill'd, and how that K[ing] 
J[ames] was ready to land, etc., which has putt the nation into 
an exceeding great fright; they resolving every[where], as well in 
citty as country, to stand by the king with their lives and fortunes. 

[March] 10. I was yesterday with one Mr. Nevil, of Winter- 
ton,^ who I found to be a very ingenious man. He has several 
old MSS. by him. One is a history or chronicle of England in 

Slush, or Pitch to Pick. The other form, Flash, ia yet a common provincialism 
in Lincolnshire. Ferry Flash, near Hardwick Hill, on Scotton Common, appears 
in the Ordnance map. 

/ Carniola, a duchy in Germany, of which Lanbach is the capital. 

s John Nevil, of Winterton, was a member of a family that had been settled 
at Faldingworth, in the county of Lincoln, from an early period. The late Mr. 
Williamson Cole Wells Clark, of Brumby, had a pedigree of this race, labelled 
" Nevil's pedigree of Faldingworth. Collected out of evidences and ancient 
records in the custody of Mr. John Nevile, nunc de Faldingworth, 1641, by 
Dr. Sanderson, bishop of Lincolne." It was not in the doctor's autograph, and 
contained some entries of a later period than his death, but there is no reason- 
al)le doubt of its genuineness. Many of the charters from which it was compiled 
are in Mr. Peacock's possession. The pedigree begins with a certain Thomas 
de Novii Villa, " circa tempus conquestoris Angliaj," after whom follow four 
generations, for whose existence there is no other evidence except in this table, 

then comes a Thoma.s de Nevil, whose wife was named Johanna they are 

the first of the race whose existence appears to be proved by record evidence. 
From this Thomas, John Nevil, in whose possession the family papers were when 
Sanderson made the pedigree, was the twelfth in direct succession. He was born 
in 1605 ; his wife was Jane, daughter of Henry Nelson, of Hougham, co. Lincoln. 
This gentleman's second son was John Nevil, the person mentioned in the text. 
He married for his first wife, Ann, daughter of John Morley, of Winterton, 
(See Peacock'' s Church Fariiiture, p. 164), but had no issue by her. His second 
wife was Effame Gravenor, one of the Gravenors of Messingham, but whose 
daughter is not quite certain, as the parish register is defective at the tinie her 
baptism would be entered. They were married 20 Nov., 16G1, at that village. 
By this latter match he had three children, John, Edward, and Anne. Mr. 
Nevil filled the oflice of coroner for this part of Lincolnshire at the end of the 
seventeenth century. His papers relating to inquests are in Mr. Peacock's 
possession. The following is from the Winterton parish register. 1701. "Mr. 
Johnc Neville was buried December the thirteenth." His son John, who lived at 
Ashby, in the parish of Bottesford, was buried at Winterton 19 April, 1730. 
There is no stone to either of them in church or church-yard. The Arms of the 
family arc, Or, a chief indented vert, over all a bend gules. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 83 

■many vols, folio, writ by one of his cancestors in 1577. He has 
also a book of heraldry in a vast large fol. as bigg as a church 
bible, made by the famous Bish[op] Sanderson, etc. He tells 
me also that Mad [am] Pelham, of Brocklesby hall, has several 
old MSS. belonging to mon[as]tres. This Mad[am] Pelham 
was daughter to Mr. AVharton, of Beverly, frequently call'd the 
rich Wharton, because that he was the richest man, for to be a 
gentleman only, that was in all England, for he was worth fifteen 
thousand pound a year, etc. 

14. Yesterday I was sent for upon extraordinary business 
into _ the Levels, which having dispatch'd, I was told a very 
tragical story that happen'd at Epworth about three weeks ao-o ; 
which is this. Ann, the wife of Tho[mas] White, being turned 
anabaptist, or di})per,'' they went with her, to perform the cere- 
mony of dipping upon her, to a pond or well in one of the cloases 
near_ adjoyning on the south side of the town. So the[y] put 
her in ; upon which shee cryd out, " Oh ! something pricks 
me ! something pricks me ! " Upon which the godly that stood 
by cryd out, " It's your sinns ! it's your sinns ! Lord have 
mercy upon you! it's your sinns!" tjpon which they sayd to 
their elder, '^ Dipp her again over the head;" she yet crys out 
something pricks her ! and thus they dipp'd the poor woman over 
the head five or six times, untill they almost drowned her, and 
when shee came out shee lived not over a day. It seems that 
there was fall'n some thorns in the well, or else some unlucky 
lad had put them in, and it was them that prick'd her so, and 
not her sins, as the godly thought. The woman was a youno- 
pretty woman, one that I had often seen formerly, and had been 
marry'd about half a year. 

12. 'Tis a very strange thing most of the soil of this country 
is full of shelfish ; and such shelfish as are not described by any 
writers. In a quarry at Ravensthorp, or Rantrop, in this parish, 
was found, about half a foot within the stone, whole branches and 
boughs of trees, all petryfyd, and I have by me now a sort of 
fruit somewhat like a gord which I myself struck out of a huo-e 
stone, etc' 

13. I heard an old man this day, that was one [of] Crom- 

'^ In the parish register of Crowle, co. Lincoln, is the following baptism ; 
1714-5. " Mary Stabler (aged about 21 years & bom of Dipper parents)." Feb. 20. 

' The fossil like a gourd was probably an Echinus, three or four species 
■of which have been found in the Lincolnshire oolite of this neighbourhood. 



84 THE DIARY OF 

well's soldiers, say that clergymen in his great master's days 
were no more esteem'd of than pedlars. He added that they 
cotild not go any where from home but they were dispiz'd and 
scoff'd at, and the little children in the streets would point at 
them, and call them blackcoats, such was the abominable wicked- 
ness of them times ! He says that it was not onely the Epis- 
copall clergy that were thus despis'd, but also even the Puritans 
themselves, "for," say'd he, "the people grew perfectly atheis- 
tical." 

14. All sorts of money now goes very well again, great and 
little, nobody refuses it, tho' the proclamation says that it shall 
not go beyond such a time. The nation was at a great chock at 
first about it, but all is well enough now. It was it undoubtedly 
that gave breeding unto the late great plot, etc. 

20. This day I was with Mr. Parker,-' a great papist. (He's 
an esq., and an ingenious man, but hot as fire). I ask'd him a 
great many qviestions relating to this plott,* but would answer 
but little. Then I asked him if it was true what was related of 
his seing an apparition two days before that we heard that the 
late great plot was discovei'd, and he did boldly attest it to be 
true, and is as certain of it as ever he was of anything that ever 
he saw. He related it thus to me. " Coming," says he, " home 
from Gainsburrow, not being at all in drink, by moonlight, 
being about ten a clock at night, I chanc'd to look on my left 
hand, and I saw walking hard by me the appearancys of six men 
carrying a corps, uppon which, being somewhat frighted, I 
held my horse fast, and set forward, but saw it following of me 
yet as oft as I look'd back. Then, having got pretty far, I 
look'd behind me once more, and instead of the corps and men 
followino; of me I saw a bear with a great huge uo-gly thing 

ry ^ ^ & o OCT) J o 

sitting thereon, which thing I saw as oft as I look'd. Then of a 
suddain it disappear'd in a flash of fire, which made my horse 
leap out of the way and through [threw] me just when I had 

<Tot to town end. Goinof into the town, much 

affrighted, but telling nobody, I hired a man to seek my horse, 
and there I lodged." This he will take his oath off". But I 

J Parker the papist was no doubt one of the family of Parker of Castle- 
thorpe, some of whose monumental inscriptions are in Broughton church, (see 
postea). The family became extinct in the last century, and their property is now 
in the possession of the Earl of Yarborough. 

* The plot mentioned is the conspiracy against the life of William III., 
known as Barclay and Feuwick's plot. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 85 

not giveing mucli heed to such things as these—" Come," sayd I, 
" Mr. Parker, I'll interpret yom- vision nnto you, that you"^may 
know what it means. The corps you saw carryd is the dead plot, 
which some papists have been carrying on to destroy the relm. 
The bear is King James that was coming, and the great uggly 
thing riding upon him was the King of France, for never prince 
would have been so ridden by the French king as he woidd have 
been had the plott taken. And the flash of fire (sayd I), in the 
exit of the scene, shews the suddain exit out of this life of these 
wicked conspirators, and their reward for the same hereafter 
must be fire everlasting." At which words he was so mad he 
did not know what to do, and went his way out of the room. 

This Parker is thought most certainly to have been in the 
plot, and so this apparition appeared to him two days before the 
knowledge of the discovery of it was known in the country. 

March the 29th. This day I was at Mr. Edwin Anderson's,' 
and his lady and I fell into discourse about old age, and how 
old people lived formerly to what they do now. Shee told me 
that shee herself knew a woman very well that got all her teeth 
again, and her hair, after shee was eighty years old. Shee lived 
at Scotter ; and I have heard since that it was most certainly 
true. 

Shee told me also that, about twenty years ago, as her father 
was dressing a great pond, by or in Scotter, there was cast up 
out of it three or four score little pretty images about a foot lono-, 
some in one posture some in another, but delicately cutt of ala- 
baster and other sorts of stones, and one or two there was of bras, 
one of which had a leg broken of. 

What these has been I cannot imagine,"' whether popish or 
pagan idols. Shee has promised me shee'l procure me one or 
two, and then I shall be better able to judge what they are. I 
never heard of any monastry or religious house being at Scotter, 
so that I cannot conceive what they have belono-'d to. See 
Cambd[en], new ed., p. 829. Such have been frequently found 
in old Roman towns in Cumberl[andJ. 

' Edwin Anderson. — ^ee postea. 

"' Portions, no doubt, of tabernacle work out of some church. Some images, 
exactly corresponding to this description, were found at Epworth, in the Isle of 
Axholme, some years ago. An account of them, with engravings, was com- 
municated by Archdeacon Stonehouse to Willlx'' Current Notes. Mr. Stone- 
house's original drawings are in his interleaved copy of " The Isle of Axholme," 
in the library of the Dean and Chapter of Lincoln. 



86 THE DIARY OF 

There are a vast number of men taken up that had a hand 
in the Uite plott. They reckon that there are above two thousand 
five hundred warrens out for takeing of the rogues up. Bat 
they are taken fast enough without warrens, the 1000/. in 
new mill'd monney for the greatest rogues, and 500 for 
the less, dos feats, and there could never [liave] been 
invented a better way to apprehend them than by doing so. 
Besides, some of them have got their pardons and 1000/. to boot 
for discovering the whole conspiracy, so that in a little time we 
shall have a full acount of every thing that these rogues did 
intend to do. 'Tis sayd that there will be a great many men 
suffer. 

Apr. 1. I went this day to see Mr. Sy, minist[er] of Win- 
tringam. I enquired and lookt about for antiquitys, but could 
find none scarce. The old Roman way has come streight 
from Lincoln thither. It leaves Winterton on the west and 
Wintringham on the east, and there are gi'eat foundations dug 
and plough'd up hard by this way near Humber, which J take to 
have been some old beach made by the Eomans to bring and 
secure their shipps in, because that it encompasses a great piece 
of land, and is warp up. Here is a place in the town call'd 
chappel garth, from which we may gather that there has been a 
chappel. In the church there is nothing observable but a 
Knight Templer. Formerly, on the south side of the parsonage 
or minister's house, there stood a great hall, but now it is all 
gone. The minister of this town pays to the king two shillings 
with a few pence as due for the nunnery of Goquell or Goyk- 
well. I saw also an old coin or two of the Roman empLire] 
that had been found there. 



7. On the seventh instant I went to Lincoln, and took notice 
of the country all along as I rid, but saw nothing at all observa- 
ble but the old Roman way upon which we rid to the citty. It 
is twenty long miles, I think, from Broughton thither, and I 
wonder that the Romans has left us no monuments all along this 
way but the way itself. Some miles of this side Spittle, as you 
go, here seems a bury, etc. The reason why we meet with none 
here is perhaps because that this part of the nation was but 
meanly inhalnted by the old Brittons, so that when the Romans 
came hither they liad nobody all this way to oppos(> them, so 
had no need to cast up any fortifications or ititrenchments. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME, 87 

Spittle seems to have been an old place ; " there being some 
old buildings there perhaps gave name to the town, that an old 
spittle or hospital or two, wherein were niaintaind poor people 
infected with any contagious spreading distemper, as the plao-ue, 
leprosy, or the like. Perhaps there; may be some other pieces of 
antiquitys there also, but I had not time to alight or stay. The 
town seems to have been much bigger tlian it is now. 

From thence we went to Lincoln. The old citty stood all upon 
a hill ; and there was one inhabitant of the citty with us that let 
us see how farr the bounds of it had formerly gone, and that is 
as farr as the field now goes, which is a mile, so that now here 
is corn where once the citty stood. When we got near the 
town we observed some deep trenches, and saw the fort, and the 
minster, which last place is a most delicate building and mighty 
stately. 

We overtook upon the road an English gentleman, factor in 
Norway, with a Norwegian gentleman in company with him, so 
we went to Lincoln together, and lodged together, and had a 
great deal of talk about Norway, it's people, religion, soil, 
woods, trees, beasts, birds, buildings, etc. He says that the 
nation is exceeding poor, and that the king gets one part of a man's 
yearly estate throuought the whole land ; that the commonality 
are almost meer slaves, and mightily lorded over by their land- 
lords. He confirms that which Mr. Boyl says of the exceeding 

" Spital-in-the-street is a hamlet in the parish of Hemswell. A hospital 

existed here from a remote period. Its funds were aut,nnented by Tliomas de 

Aston, canon of Lincoln, in the reign of Richard II. The chapel, a mean modern 

building, stands on the old site. On its front is the following inscription : — 

Fvi AO D'NI 1398 1 

NoN Fvi 151)4 V DOM. Dei & pavpervm 
SVM 161G \ 

QVI HANC DEUS HVNC DESTRVET. 

On the wall of a cottage, once an alms-house, is this : — 
Deo et divitibus 

AO D'NI 1G20. 

The sessions for the parts of Lindsey were held here in the seventeenth, and 
early part of the eighteenth, century. The court house remains, but it is now- 
used as a barn. Daniel De Foe, or whoever was the author of the Tour thro'' 
the wliole Island of Great Britain, (ed. 1742, vol. iii., p. 10), gives an inscription 
which he saw upon this building. 

HiECCE DOMUS DAT, AMAT, PUNIT, CONSERVAT. HONORAT, 
^QUITIAM, PACKM, CRIMINA, JURA, BONOS. 1G20, 
Which he renders into English verse a shade more rugged than the original. 
This court does right, loves peace, preserves the laws, 
Detects the wrong, rewards the righteous cause. 
The stone remains still, but in a mutilated state.^See Allen's Lincolnshire, 
vol. ii., p. 38 ; Notes and Queries, 1st S., vol. ix., pp. 492, 552, 602 ; vol. x., p. 273. 
The old court-house has the arms of Sanderson upon it, with the badge of 
Ulster. 



88 THE DIARY OF 

great heat sometimes there, so that it is not possible almost to 
abide it. The religion there profes'cl is Lutherane, and they are 
mighty religious and great maintainers of the same. 

They have none of our blind enthusiasticks amongst them, but 
has an excellent law which commands most strictly any one's 
head to be cutt of immediately that shall pretend to teach or 
inculcate any other doctrine there than that of Luther's, so that, 
by that means, they preserve the peace of the country and their 
religion mightily. There is not any one suffered to preach there 
unles of their faith, no not if they belong to envoys, ambassadors, 
or any factorys. 

There are vast quantitys of bears, foxes, leopards, and wild 
ravinous beasts, which impoverish the country mightily by their 
destroying of cattel, and wolves are seen there in whole flocks 
like sheep. 

The gentleman's name was Mr. Heddon, and the Norway 
man's name was James Beorgdendish ; they both came from 
Dram," in Norway. 

When I came from Lincoln I left Spittle on the east, and so 
passing through Kirton, a fine larg town, (it having one of the 
three largest fields about it that is in all England),'' came to 
Bottsworth,^ which signifyes apple-town, and haveing some 

" Probably the sea port of Drammen, near Christiana. 

P Kirton-in-Lindsey. When De la Pryme says that this place had about 
it one of tlie three largest fields in England, he could not mean that tlie open 
fields in the parish of Kirton were very vast, as the whole parish, including the 
old enclosure, only contains 4,510 acres. In his time the whole of the country, 
with the exception of some small plots of enclosed land, was open on all sides 
of this place for many miles. 

9 Bottsworth is the present popular name for the village of Bottesford. 
Budlesforde, Bulesford, {Domesday) ; Botlesford, {Hot. Chart., 55, Hen. III., 
pars 1) ; Botelford, Bottilford, {Testa de Nevll, 311b., 344) ; Botenesford, {Tax. 
p. Niclwlai, iv., circa 1291, p. 75b. The manor belonged to the Knights of St, 
John of Jerusalem. Bottesford passed through the hands of many owners 
during the first fifty years that followed after the fall of the Religious Houses. 
In 1595 it formed a part of the large estates of the Tyrwhitt family ; on 
the 20th Septeuiber in that year Marmaduke Tyrwhitt, of Scotter, and Robert 
Tyrwhitt, his son and heir, sold it to William Shawe, of Brumby, and Thomas 
Urry, of Messingham, from the former of whom, the present owner, Mr. 
Peacock, is lineally descended. The Diarist is very far wrong in his derivation 
of the name. It may be taken from some Sa.xon or Danish personal name, but 
it is far more probable that it is simply the village or dwelling at the ford B5tel, 
Both Biitl, Anglo-Sa.xon for dwelling, and Ford, a ford. 

The church is a very beautiful one. The chancel being, for its size, one of 
the finest specimens of Early English architecture in existence, but the Diarist 
is wrong in saying it is "all of squared stone." The walls are rubble, with the 
e.xception of the door and window jambs and the buttresses. Tlie clerestory 
wmdows are alternately circles and short lancets. The chancel lights are very 
narrow lancets, some of which are engraved in Sharpens Window Tracery. The 



ABKAHAM DE LA PRYME. 89 

business there, I stay'd a while, and then went to see the cluii-cli, 
which is indeed very well and very artificialy built all of s(|ii;ii( d 
stone. There is no monuments in it, but it is very obscrx alilc 
for its strange sort of windows. In the upper story of the 
church they are all round, bvit in the lower, almost all over the 
church, they are very long and narrow, scarce a foot wide, with 
a great deal of painted glass in them, representing many pas- 
sages in the Bible, which renders the church somewhat dark, 
and, by that means, strikes some sort of a divine fear and horror 
in the minds of the religious that come to perform their devotions 
thither. 

I ask'd the Norway gentl[man] about witches,'' and he says 
he never saw any, nor heard but little talk of them. 

1696. April 10. I was with an old experienced fellow to-day, 
and I was shewino- him several oreat stones, as we walked, full of 
petrifvd shell-fish, such as are common at Brunibe, etc. He 
sayd he believed that they grew ith' stone, and that tlioy were 
never fish. Then I ask'd him what they call'd 'em : he answered 



stcained glass has all perished. Among some manuscript memoranda of the 
late archdeacon Stonehouse occurs the following notes on Bottesford church. 

" In this church I commenced my ministerial labours as curate to Dr. Bayley, 
on Sunday, 16th day of October, in the year 1815. The church was then in a 
somewhat dilapidated condition — old benches interspersed with high square 
pews — there were then many remnants of fine old stained glass in the windows, 
especially in the great chancel and in the north transept. That in the north 
transept contained a representation of the crucifi.xion. It was purloined out of 
the church during some repairs. Mr. Clarke, of Ashby, told me that, when he 
was a boj', he used frequently to go with his playmates and break these wmdows 
to make toys of the glass ; that the church was open both by night and day, and 
in bad weather cattle were driven in for shelter." 

One monumental stone still exists in tlie church, in a mutilated condition, 
which De la Pryme appears not to have noticed. It reads, Hic jacet joh'a 

UXOR RiCARDI BELLINGH'M ARMIG' CVI A'I'E P'PI'ET' DeV AMEiNT. 

The lady commemorated was Johanna, daughter of John Harbert, and relict of 
"William Morley, of Holme- The remains of an early English cross exist in the 
church-yard : it is probably coeval with the earliest part of the church. Some 
fragments of a Norman, or perhaps Saxon, font were found during the restora- 
tion of the chancel, about ten years ago. The present font is of Early English 
character. An ancient gravestone, 5 feet 83 inches in length, was found, in 
1865, over a body in the church-yard at Bottesford, in the angle formed by the 
north wall of the chancel and the east wall of the north transept. Bottesford 
was a preceptory of the Knights of St. John of Jerusalem, and it is possible 
that the gravestone is a memorial of one of that brotherhood. The cross on the 
stone is incised. A sketch of it was communicated to the Society of Antiquaries 
by ]Mr. Peacock, the local secretary for Lincolnshire, and was engraved in 
vol. iii. of their proceedings, 2nd S., p. 164, 

'■ The word has been partly erased in the original. 



90 THE DIARY OF 

milner's thumbs/ and adds that they are the excellentest things 
in the whole world, being burnt and beat into powder, for a 
horse's sore back : it cures them in two or three days. He says 
that there has carryers' men come out of Yorkshire to fetch the fish 
thither for the sayd purpose. So I have heard that some mid- 
wifes will give anything to get these sorts of shell-fish that [are] 
found here about this town of Broughton, especialy muscles, 
coclites, etc., which they beat into powder, and give to their sick 
women, as an exceeding great medicine ad constringendas partes 
post pactum. 

10. This afternoon I went to see Kettelby, but I found that it 
had never been a religious house, as I had been informed, but 
only a gentleman's hall. An old fellow told me that it was built 
in K[ing] James the Fii'st's days to entertain him when he came 
a hunting in these parts. The old man sayd that he had often- 
times heard say that the king, whereever he rid, never held the 
bridle fast in his hand, but always let it ly upon his horse's neck, 
and so he did when he rid a hunting. I think I have read this 
also of that king, but I have forgot where. 

This Kettleby liall has been a very fine structure, but they 
are now pulling it down. There are stables with almost as fine 
carvings in them as ever I saw in my life.' 

12. I was talking with this gentleman likewise about Greatrix, 
the famous Irish stroker. He says that he knew him very well, and 
lodged over the way just against him in London. He has talk'd 
with him several times, and says that he seem'd to be a Strang 
conceited fellow, believing Strang things of devils, spirits, and 
witches, etc. He says he fancyd him himself to be an impostor. 
He had two or three young men wateing upon him, who always 
])ump'd the persons that were going to be stroak'd, how long 
they had their distemper, whether they thought that their master 
could cure 'em, etc. He never took one farthing for any cure 

* The " milner's thumb " occurs literally, I am told, by millions in the lias 
beds of North Lincolnshire. Their medicinal properties may still be known. 
They are curved bivalves, tlie perfect ones have lids to them. The name which 
geologists give them is Gryphoca Inr.nrva. They are found wherever the lias 
occurs in England, France, and Germany. AVhen burnt they fall into lime, and 
if they are good for wounds, can have no other effect than a mineral one. 

' Kettelby hall, near Brigg, was the chief residence of the family of 
Tyrwhitt. The present structure is a modern farm house. The old liall was 
moated, and the present house stands within the enclosure. A private burial 
ground was attached, over the site of which the Manchester Sheffield and Lin- 
colnshire railway now runs. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 91 

that he did, nor would suffer his servants to do the same ; but 
those that were cured, out of gratitude, a good while after, pre- 
sented him and his servants with anything that he or they stood 
in need of. While this gentleman lodged over against him, 
which Avas for about three weeks, there was brought unto him 
near one hundred people, of which he says that there was not over 
fifteen of them cured : upon which some people took notice there- 
ofF to him. " Arc they not so," says he, " I thought they had 
been all cured. Either they want faith, or some of my men has 
received money." So he called up his men, who having heard 
what was sayd, — -'Sarrah, you rogues," says he, "some of you, 
I believe, has made my cures ineffectual by your roguerys. John, 
James, Thomas, Macko, Matko," says he, " I find you are the 
rogue that has received some of the poor's money, tell me ? " So he 
confes'd it. " Well," says he, " get you gone, I'll make an 
example of you." So he went down. And the next morning the 
stroker and all his men went out of town. Thus this gentleman 
told me word for word. He saw this fellow at my Lady Con- 
way's likewise, and dos confess that he did by some way or other 
strange cures there. But there were several likewise that he 
couhif not cure. Pie might say perhaps that his servants received 
money, etc. 

13. This day I took a walk in the woods, and the country 
hereabouts being full of springs, I diverted myself by weighing 
the waters, and casting strong spirits into them, and such like, to- 
try whether they ran through any minerals or no, etc. ; and 
coming upon Thornham moor, just on the north side of Brough- 
ton wood, near the same I found a spring that turned all the 
grass and moss that grew about it into perfect stone (which pro- 
perty belonging to that spring was never known before.) I brought 
a great many pieces of the petrifactions thereoff" home with me 
in curious shapes. I tryd the water, and found it^ to proceed 
from iron," etc., so that I do not question but that it is good in 
many distempers, for several spaws turas moss into stone, and 
the water itself condenses into perfect stone, as that dos at Scar- 
burrow, etc. 

Hermeston is a manour in this shire, and town is very ancient." 
It has it's name from a great stone erected there on the highway, 

" Iron has been worked in this neighbourhood by the Romans. On the 
estate of Charles Winn, esq., of Nostel, at Scunthorpe, about four miles from 
Broughton, are now very extensive iron works. 

" There is no place called Hermeston in Lincolnshire. Harmston is aparish, 
in Kesteven. I am not sure that this is the place meant. 



92 THE DIARY OF 

dedicated to Hermes ; for it was a custome to erect and dedicate 
stones up to him, etc. 

29. Mr. Howson, our apparitor, came this [day] unto me, 
with the Association to sign, and I sign'd it accordingly; and over 
all the whole nation there are few or none that refuses the same, 
but every one signs it with the greatest alacrity imaginable. I 
was not bound with any oath or tye of allegiance to K[ing] 
J[ames], therefore I might do it with more freedome and boldness. 
The reason that it had not come amongst us sooner was because 
that it was put off till the Visitation, but because that cannot 
be in hast so it is sent about now. 

There lately happened a pretty (tho' inconsiderable) thing at 
London, which is mightily talk'd off all over the country. There 
are a company of rude sparks there commonly calld bullys or 
baux,"" [beaux] who, tho' most of them be but meer cowards, yet 
are for picking quarrels with one, and for hectoring, cursing and 
swearing, none can outdo them. They had lately got up a 
fashion of wearing great huge buttons, and these they called 
bully buttons. A maggot comeing lately in some nobleman's 
head (for so he was thought to be) to affront the conceited fopps, 
and so accordingly one evening he went to one of the coffy houses 
where these bans commonly meet, thus cloathed ; his coat was 
beset all with great turneps instead of buttons ; his hatt was 
buttoned upon the side with a huge onion ; his sword had a 
dishcloth hanging about it instead of a bunch of ribbons ; his 
mufll'that he wore before him was made of a little ovster barrel, 
and the wigg that he had on was all powdered with meal. He 
had six good bigg footmen wateing upon him, some of which 
carryed dridging boxes by their sides, instead of powder boxes, 
for his wigg. Thus cloathed, and thus attended, he walked 
through the streets of London to the bans' coffee-house, where 
being entered, and having strutted about the room two or three 
times, and view'd himself in the looking-glass, he went and sat 
down by the fireside, because that it was winter, and because 
that there was set four or five bans there. Haveing sat there a 

"" Manningharn, in 1602, says that "there was a company of young gallants 
sometyme in Amsterdame, which called themselves the Damned Crue. They 
would raeete togither on nights, and vowe amongst themselves to kill the next 
man they mett whatsoever ; so divers miirthers committed, but not one punish- 
ed. Such impunity of murder is frequent in tliat country." Tlie editor in a 
note adds : — "'This association was not confined to Amsterdam. A club of pro- 
fligates, under the same name, e.xisted in London, much about this time, under 
the captainship of Sir Edward Baynham, a well known young roysterer." — 
Bianj, Cciiiideii Society, pub. 1868, p. 142. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 93 

bitt, he began to cast his long meald wigg backward first over one 
shoulder tlien over another, almost in the very faces of tliose that sat 
near him, on purpose to affront them. Then says he in hector- 
ing note — " Wee bans are peaceable men," and ?o he over with it 
two or three times. But they, tho' thej whisper'd amongst them- 
selves, and were sore vexed, yet durst not attae liim. Then he 
called for a dish of chocolate, and, having drunk it, he gave the 
coffy man half-a-crown, who having asked what ho would please 
to have again, answered, " We bans never ask any thino- ao-ain." 

1 1 All* OO 

and so he went out. And hearing some that begun to talk 
behind his back that durst not say a word before his face, he 
steps in again in a great fury saying, " Who i.s that that has the 
impudence to say that I deserve to be kick'd?"' (f)r so one sayd), 
but nobody sayd a word to him ; upon which he sitts down ao-ain, 
calls for another dish of chocolate, and in his paying for it he put 
his hand into the wrong pocket, as he pretend[ed], and drew out 
a handfuU of guinneys. Then, putting them uj), he put his hand 
in the other pocket, and gave the coffee man half-a-crown, and 
so went his way, haveing sufficiently affronted and hector'd all 
the town's fopps, and out-braved them on their own dunghills. 

[May] 8, 1696. No clipped money being to go beyond the 
4th of May, it has putt all things to a stand, and makes the 
markates very small that was larg ones a little while since. But 
the people dos not half so much grumble thereat as they did at 
first, because that they are now used to it. This being the 8th of 
May, I was at Brigg, and nothing would be taken there but 
broad, and for all that there was not a piece of broad money 
to be seen before that day, everybody thinking there was 
none in the nation, yet now it comes out in plenty. I let with a 
gentleman at the inn that was just come from London, I asked 
him whether the king was gone or no, and he sayd "yes." 
Then I asked him about the conspirators and their number, and 
he told me that it was the deepest layd plot that was ever almost 
known, — "for" says he, "it appears that there was not a 
papist nor Jacobite in the whole nation but knew of the same, 
etc." 

15. Strang and wonderful are the actions and fancys of 
melancholy men ; so rideculous and sui'prising, that one that is 
not acquainted with books that treats of them, and that has 
not seen such people, could never believe them to be true. I 
have oft heard of S"^- James Brooks his thinkino; to shoot himself 



94 THE DIARY OF 

to death, but never heard so whole and particular an account of 
him as this day from some gentlemen that I was with. 

This S'^- James was melancholy, and had the strangest sort of 
actions that ever man had. In the beo-innin"' of his disease he 
would have stood on his head, pull'd of all his cloaths and danced 
naked, sung in his sleep, etc. But, in length of time, growing 
worse and worse, he scarce ever laugh'd, and when he walk'd he 
went as easily as ever he could. One day his distemper drove 
him to such a height that he was resolved to destroy himself, and 
according[ly] having got a pistel somewhere, he goes into his 
chamber and charges it, and then, seino; himself in a lookino-alass, 
he holds out his pistel to his own representation in the glass and 
shoots it off, and falls down flat on his back, crying out, " I'm 
kill'd, I'm kill'd ! " upon which his servants running up in all 
hast saw the looking-glass all shot in pieces, and a great hole 
through the ceilino; into the next room, and found their master 
lying there all his length, pretending he was kill'd, but, finding 
how it was, they were very well pleased that it was no worse, etc. 

We began likewise to talk of the indirect and foolish dealings 
and actions of K[ing] James while he was here in the nation, and 
talking of several that had turned papists he told me this observa- 
ble about the Eaxd of Salisbury, which I had heard several times 
before. This Earl had the ill luck to turn papist just two or three 
months before that the Prince of Orange came in, and became a 
mighty fat, unwieldy man, so that he could scarce stirr with ease 
about, tho' he was not over thirty-nine or forty years old. When 
the rumor was that the prince was coming he would almost every 
hower be sending his man to Whitehall to hear what newse there 
was. Then, when he heard that the prince was comeing and 
landed, and how he was received, he lamented sadly, and curst 
and damn'd all about him, crying, " God ! God! God ! I 
turn'd too soon, I turn'd too soon," etc. But, a while before this, 
somebody made a long copy of ingenious verses upon him, and 
scattered them in his chamber and about the streets. They begun 
thus : — 

If Cecils the wise 

From his grave should arise, 
And see this fat beast in his place, 

He would take him from Mass, 

And turn him to grass, 
And swear he was none of his race. Etc. 

I have forgot the rest. 

' The Earl's surname is Cecil. — I^^ote hy Diarist. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 95 

June 5. Being this day in Yorksliii-e I hear that a mint has 
come to York^ to coin silv^er tankards, plates, cups, etc. The 
poor people has been up in great numbers in Ratsdale' by reason 
that their clipp'd money would not go, and was marching in great 
furv to one of their parlament men's houses, which thej swore to 
pull down to the ground and ransack. But the gentlemen round 
about, getting immediate notice of it, soon pacifjed all by com- 
nuinding that tlieir clip'd sixpences should go if not clippd within 
the innermost rimm, and by promising that they would take care 
to change their little old money for great money, and such like, 
or else they would have done a great deal of mischief. 

Talking this morning with Capt, Sandys of birds flying over 
sea in winter into hotter climates, and such like, [he] told me 
this very observable thing. That he himself being at Deal, in 
Kent, wateing to take shipping, at that time of the year when 
woodcocks were just a comeing over, saw a huge hurricane upon 
the sea, and beheld himself, the next day, some hundreds of wood- 
cocks cast upon the sea shore all about Deal, which he conjectured 
had perished in the sayd storm. 

7. This day I heard of one that is come from Lincoln, that the 
country people has been up about Stamford, and marchd in a 
great company, very lively, to the house of S''- John Brownley. 
They bi'ought their officers, constables, and churchwardens amongst 
them, and as they went along they cryd, " God bless King 
William, God bless K[ing] W[illiam]," etc. When they were 
come to S""- John's, he sent his man down to see what their will 
was, who all answered — " God bless K[ing"j W[illiam], God 
bless the Church of England, God bless the Pai'liament, and the 



y Although milled money had been coined from an early time in the reign 
of Charles II. (1662), the old hammered money had never been withdrawn from 
circulation. The coinage had therefore, at this time, become so diminished in 
weight by wear, and by the frauds of clippers, that it was not worth intrinsi- 
cally more than half its current value. A tax was laid on houses for the 
purpose of raising the sum of £1,200,000 to supply the deficiencies of the clipped 
coin. That the new money might be issued as soon as possible, mints were set 
up at Bristol, Chester, Exeter, Norwich, and York. The coins struck at these 
places are marked respectively, B, C, E, N, Y, under the king's bust. — See 
Hawkins' Silver Coins, p. 226. 

Thoresby says that, 5 Nov., 1703, he went '"to visit Major Wyvil (son to 
Sir Christopher, the author of some learned tracts against popery). The Major, 
being concerned in the late mint at Y'ork, when the old monies were called in, 
I desired an account of what monies were coined at the mint, which, by his 
books, he showed me was 312,520^. 05. 6d." — Diaiy, i., p. 44:7. 

= Query Rochdale. — Sic orig. 



96 THE DIARY OF 

Lords Justices, and S'- John Brownley ! We are King William's 
true servants, God forbid tliat we should rebel against him, or 
that anything tliat we now do should be construed ill. We come 
only to his worship to bosieeeh him to be mercifull to the poor; 
we and our flxmilys being all fit to starve, not having one penny 
ith' the world that will go," etc. S'- Jo[hn] hearing all this (as 
soon as his man) at a window where he was viewing them, sent 
them a bagg with fifteen pound in it of old mill'd money, which 
they received exceeding thankfully, but sayd the sum was so little, 
and their number and necessitys so great, that they feared it Avoukl 
not last long, therefore must be forced out of meer necessity to 
come see him again, to keep themselves and their familys from 
starving. Then they desired a drink, and S""- Jo[hn] caused his 
doors to be set open and let them go to the cellar, where they 
drunk God bless King William, the Church of England, and 
all the loyal healths that they could think on, and so went their 
ways. 

8. This day I was with Francis Anderson, esq., lately come 
from London. I ask'd him, I believe, a hundred questions about 
this and that. He says that Ferguson (who has a great hand in 
this plot) being brought before the councell, one of them sayd, 
" Mr. Ferguson, I'll ask you but two questions" — to whom ho 
answered as angerly as could be, " You ask what you will, I'll 
answer none." No more he did, but was sent straight away to 
Newgate. When he came there, one of his disciples seeing him 
go in, "0, dear S"^-' (says he), what, are you got hither?" 
" Yes, that I am, but I would not have thee to think that I was 
put in here for picking of pockets;" intimating that it was for 
something more worthy and noble (as he thought) than for such 
a base thing. 

About a fortnight before the late great plot broke out there 
went several spys from London to pump the clergy almost all over 
England, tho' who sent them, or what their design or intent 
was, God knows. However, they were well arm'd, and had their 
pockits full of gold and silver, and were well mounted. They 
commonly let at an ale-house ith' town, and having learn'd what 
the minister's name was, and such like, they sent for him, saying 
they were strangers and travilers, and would be very glad to 
drink a pot of ale or wine with them for company sake. I 
myself was with a friend of mine, an ingenious clergyman of 
Fishlake, near Doncaster, in Yorkshire: one of them met with him 
at Doncaster, and being both in the house together, the gentle- 



ABRAHAM PE LA T'RYME. 97 

man desired Mr. Hall," the clei-o;ym:iii, to sit down and drink with 
him. So having asked Mr. Hall wh;it was his name, where he 
lived, and having pump'd all ont of him that he conld about King 
\V[illiam] and the Church of England, he writt it down in a table 
book. The gentleman sayd he came from London, and that he 
was to ride all the north part of England round, and then to 
return to London again, and I have heaixl from several ministers 
of the towns round about, that lie always drew them on to dis- 
course about the aforesajd things, and whatever they sayd, he 
was never angry, but noted all down in his book, and always 
treated those that he sent for. Some thought this fellow was a 
spy to see which of the clergy stood true to K[ing] W[illiam], 
which not. Others thought him sent down by some preslbiterians 
to see how many of the clergy stood atiected to them ; and some 
thought him sent for other things. 

This day I was at Brigg to hear the newse. We had nothino- 
observable but a great riseing of the mob, at and about New- 
castle, about the money not going, and we do not hear that they 
are yet quelled. 

Most people seems mightily dissatisiyed, tho' they love K[ing] 
Wplliam] very well. Yet they curse this parliament, not for 
their design of coining all new, but for their ill mannagementof it 
in setting so little time, in takeing no care to coin fast and send 
new monney out, etc. 

In most places the people has got such a way of takeing 
money now as was never in use before : I mean not in England ; 
and that is they take all by weight. Every one carry a pare 
of scales in his pocket, and if he take but a shilling in the market, 
he pulls out his scailes, and weighs it before that he will have it, 
and if it want but two or three grains they refuse it. 

And for all that the act of parliament says sixpennys shall go 
not clip'd within the innermost rim, yet nevertheless no body will 
take sixpences unless they were never clip'd and be full weight. 

Poor people are forced to let their clip'd shillings go for 6d., 
8d., and some at lOd. a piece, and some at shops are forced to 
give as much more for anything they by as is ask'd for it, etc. 
These are very hard things, and iDut that the nation is so mightily 
in love with the king they would all be soon up in arms. 

The parliament promiss'd that no man should loos anything 

" John Hall does not occur amongst the vicars, and was probably curate 
only. In an Act of Chapter, 20 Nov., 1693, at Durham, it was ordered, "That, 
if Mr. Maurice Lisle resigne the vicarage of Fishlake, Mr. John Hall shall 
shall have the next presentation." It does not appear that Mr. Lisle did resign. 
See more concerning him jpostca. 
H 



98 THE DIARY OF 

by this thing, and laycJ a tax for seaven years for the makeing up 
the deficiency of the chp'd silver, yet everybody must pay the 
tax and loose vastly in their little money to boot, 

I have seen iinclip'd half crowns that has weigh'd down fifteen 
shillings dipt. Some have weigh'd more. Shillings I have seen 
that has outweigh'd three, four, five, six shillings clip'd. 

And that which surpriz'd me to-day, one said unto [me] " S*'" 
I have been weighing a shilling and it wanted seven groats of 
weight"; that is, he put a broad shill[ing] into one skale and a 
clip'd one into the other, and seven silver groats to it before he 
could bring it to the weight of the broad shilling. 

'Tis sayd that the parliament was not half so wise in this 
affair about money as the[y] might have been. They studdyed 
and computed that all the clip'd money in the nation came not 
to above . . . millions, and having guessed how much would 
make up the difficiency in that summ, they lay'd this tax upon 
the houses for seven years. But now it appears since that there 
are above one hundred millions in the nation clip'd, so that it 
will not be a tax of many seaven years that can make out so vast 
a deficiency. 

And people percieving this, and finding that for the future (by 
reason of the narrowness of the coinage acts), that no money will 
be taken of t-hera to be new minted but by weight, they will not 
receive any but by weight likewise. There are reckoned to be 
now in the Exchecker .... millions of clip'd money, and 
yet it is as plenty here in the country as ever, so that not half 
nor quarter is yet put in thither. 

There was a sad thing happen'd the other day at Ferriby-by- 
Humber. A carefull honest pedlar woman, who had got a great 
deal of clip'd money by her through her trading, was almost 
maddfor a week together when shee percieved that all her labour 
and pains to scrape up portions for her children had been to no 
purpose, and that not a penny of her money would go. Shee 
took a knife and cut her own throat, and dy'd. 

Several jDeople went to see her, and amongst others there was 
one there who sayd thus — " It may be questioned (says he) 
whether this woman be guilty of her death or no ; I would have 
all the parlament men come and touch her."* 

I was in Yorkshire about a week ago, and there was some 
that told me this sad story. A gentleman in Nottinghamshire, 
near Mansfield, having a huge flock of sheep, had several shep- 

'' Alluding to the old belief that blood would flow at the murderer's touch. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 99 

pards to keep and take care of them. The head slieppard was a 
marryd man and had a family. He came to his master saying, 
" S"^-'" says he, " I want some money, I have had none of so 
long." "John," says [he], "you shall have the best money 
that I have," so he fetches him twenty shillings, and gave him 
them. But John told him that he believed they would not go. 
His master bid him trye, and if they would not, bring him 'em 
again, for they were the best he had. So he did try, and did 
bring them again because they would not go. So the ])oor man 
was forced to go home without any money, and he and his family 
lived of grass, rape, leaves, and such like, for above a week, 
until they were almost starved. At last it comes in his mind, 
what signifyze it, thinks he, if I take one of my master's sheep, and 
kill it and eat it, to keep me from starving : my master owes me 
a great deal more money than one sheep's worth. So having 
taken one, killed it and eaten it, his master, hearing thereoff, 
sends for him and carry s him before a justice of peace for 
stealing one of his sheep. When they were come there, and that 
the poor man had made his whole case known, the justice shaked 
his head, and said nothing for a good while, but at last dismissed 
the poor man, after a little reprimand for his boldness, but told 
the master if he had no broad money he must get some, must sell 
his sheep, etc. 

17. I was at the Visitation at Gainsbur this day, and we were 
putt to sign the Assosiation, and all did it, but onely one parson 
who had been mad formerly, and was never right well since. 
We signed one before, but it would not do, not being upon 
parchment. 

25. This day I was with one Mr. Holland, at Winterton, who 
had under King James' days got a great estate by unlawful! 
means, and being fear'd to be call'd to an account for the same, he 
fled into America, into one of our plantations there, and is become 
a great man, having many fields, and houses, and slaves. But, 
finding that he was never call'd here to an account, so he ventered 
to come over to see all his friends. I ask'd him a great many 
things, which he gave o-ood answers to. 

July 10. These three or four days last past I have been at 
Hatfield in Yorkshire, the place of my birth, and where many 
of my relations and very good friends lives. I was in company 



300 THE DIARY OF 

Avith S'- Brotherdine Jackson/ John Ramsclen, esq., Jo. Hat- 
field, esquire,"^ Tho[mas] Lee, esq., Corn[elius] Lee, gent., 
Capt[ain] Sandys, and several others, all of them learned and in- 
genious men, and worthy of all credit and honour. I heard them 
tell many observable and remarkable storys, some of which I shall 
here set down. 

Capt[ain] Sandys sayd that as a certain man was digging iii 
his gaixlen at Rumford, in Essex, about fourteen years ago, he let of 
a small vault, which he was a long while before he could get opend. 
At last having opend the same he cal'd for a candle, and looking 
in he perceived a kind of a coffin therein, which haveing taken 
out, he perceived that it was made of a green sort of glass, and 
was in leng[th] just two foot nine inches. It was excellently 
well soldered or run toofether, so that no air could get in : but, 
being broke by the country clown, he found nothing therein but 
ashes or dust, and the bones of an infant. The truth of this was 
asserted likewise by Jo. Hatfield, esq. 

Capt[tain] Sandys adds that he saw part of the glass coffin, 
and says that it was very rudely run, and was about half an inch 
thick. Whether this might be the onely child of some great 
king or queen, or the reliques of some little martyr layed up 
there in the times of popery, I shall not take upon me to decide. 

The same Capt[ain] told us also the following relation, to 
witt. That when he was quarter'd at Chelmsford, in the same 
county, a gardener, for the improvement of his garden, cast and 
cut away the skerts of a great hill or old burrow that was on one 
side of his garden ; and having done so several years, sometimes 
he found pieces of arms therein. But at last he discovered (under 
the bows of a huge old oak that grew on this hill) a great stone 
coffin between eight and nine foot long, which being open'd, there 
was nothing found therein but the ashes of a burnt body, and 
some parts of huge bones, and a bust of gold, as bigg as an egg, of 
the head of one of the Csesars. This bust he sold, takeing it to be 
brass, for two shilling, to the minister of the town, who (out of 
requital for some favours) presented it to the Repository or 
University at Oxford. The fellow, upon discovery of all this, setts 
up a shed under the aforesay'd tree, and sold ale there, haveing 
caused it to be cryed up and down the country what he had dis- 

'^ Sir Bradwardine Jackson, third and last baronet of Hickleton, named in 
the Baronetage of 1727 as then living and unmarried, but what ultimately 
became of him has not been ascertained. — See Hunter's South Yorkshire, ii., 
p. 136 ; Ucrald and Genealogist, part xxvii., p. 270. 

''■ Of Hatfield. — Hunter's South Yorkshire, i., p. 177, 178 ; see ante, p. 13. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 101 

covered, so that he got a great trade, and the capt[ain] hearing 
of it sent word thereof to the Duke of Albermarle, who, being not 
flirr of, came amongst others to see it, and [the] duke, being very 
inquisitive, he took some of the dust out of the coffin in his hand, 
and smelhng thereoff percieved it to be most excellently sweet, 
so that he carry'd some handfulls away with him. 

The ingenious Mr. Lee told us that he was present at the siege 
of Colchester, and that he saw the two loyal and couragious 
gentlemen, S''- Ch[arles] Lucas, and S''- George Lile, executed 
there, when the rebeUs took the town. He says that they were 
both brought bound into the castle-yard, and being loos'd, 
they then prayed together, and, haveing hugg'd one the other, 
they stood expecting the fatal bullets, which accordingly came 
and killed them both stark dead in a minnit, wlio, falling back- 
ward, lay there a good while before that they were taken up and 
buried. But, from that time to this, 'tis observed that no grass 
will crrow where these two brave men fell, but that there is to this 
day the exact figure on the ground in hay time that they fell in ; 
for it is good hay and grass round about, but in these places. This 
was attested by Tho[mas] Lee, esq., and Capt[ain] Sandys says 
that he has observed it himself 

But when the king returned, the L*^- Lucas, the brother to the 
dead of that name, erected a stately monument to the memory of 
these two brave men, with this inscription thereon,^ 

Here lyes buried the renown'd 

Sr- Ch[arles] Lucas, and Sr. George Lile. basely 

Murder'd by the L^. Fairfax, general 

Of the Parlament army. 

Several years after that the king was come in, and after that this 
was erected, the Lord Fairfax came to kiss the king's hand and to 
desire a favour from him, and as he was on his knees, kissing the 
the king's hand, he desired that the aforesayd monument might 
be demolish'd, for it was a skandal and stain to his family. Upon 
the hearing of which the Ld. Lucas (that erected it), standing by, 
humbly entreated the king that, if he was pleased to grant Fair- 
fax that favour, his majesty would be pleased to suffer him to 
erect another after the same shape. But the king answered thus, 
laying his hand on Fairfax's head, " No, no, my L''- you have 
been a great rebell, and I was so kind as to pardon you. And as 
for the monument it shall stand as long as the world endures." 
This Mr. Lee, while he was cornet for the king, was with 

« In his chapel at Colchester, — 3Iarginal Note ly Diarist. 



102 THE DIARY OF 

his friend Robin Portington/ at the fight at Horncastle, in this 
countyj but it happen 'd that after a sharp fight they were beat, 
so that one was forc'd to fly one way, one another. This Robin 
in his flight and escape was met in an odd place by a country 
parson, to whom this Robin sayd thus — " Ey, by God, we have 
now beat these damn'd king's men, these roges that thought to 
have destroy'd the whole nation," etc. " Ey, S""-' ey, (says he) 
I hear of it, God bo thanked for the victory, their vanquish'd, 
I wish their king was but as dead as many of his adhearents are." 
'' Ey, you rogue," says Mr. Portington to him, " Say you so, by 
God you'r a dead man," and, whipping out a pistol, he shot him ; 
and, as he was falling of horseback, he cryd, "Lord have mercy 
upon my soul ;" to which Robin answered, " Ey, by God, but it 
is a question whether He will or no ; however, I cai"e not whether 
He have or no." 

This Robin came into Marshland and lurked there, and not 
very long after, as he was going over Whitgift ferry, he say 
[saw] an ape, and playing with it, it bit his hand, which bite he 
slighting, it ganger'd and kill'd him. Mr. Hatfield sayd that he 
had several times heard his fixther (who was a capt[ain] in the 
parlament's army) tell this sadd story. 

After which, " Come (says Mr. Corn[elius] Lee) I'll tell you a 
fine comical story, after such tragical ones. When I was last at 
London there was this cunning trick played. There was two 
rogues sitting in the chamber of a tavern next to the street, over 
against which was a merchant's house. These rogues percieves 
throvigh the window a casement open in a roome of the mer- 
chant's over ao-ainst them, and observed that the merchant was 
taking his morning draught with his wife before that he went out 
to the exchange. They observed likewise that they drunk out of a 
great silver tankard, that had part of the lidd broken off". ' See 
you,' sayd one of them to the other, ' yon tankard shall be mine 
before two houers end. I like it very well, it is a larg one,' etc. 
'Pish,' say the other, 'how will you get it?' 'Let me alone 
for that,' says he ; and so he go's, and in the first place went 
streight into the market, and buys a great pike, and brought it to 
the merchant's house, saying, ' Madam, your husband has mett 
with two or three gentlemen of his relations, and intends to bring 

/ Of a family at Barnby-Don, co. York. Hunter {South Yorlisliirc, i..,p. 213) 
states that he was a major in Sir William Savile's regiment, and was at the 
fight at Horncastle on October 11, 1G43, when Sir Ingram Hopton was slain. 
Portington was taken prisoner at the battle of Willoughby and sent to Hull, 
where he was confined until the Restoration. He died 23 December, 1G60, and 
was buried at Arksey, a few miles from Barnby-Don. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYJIE. 103 

thorn home to dinner, therefore, fearing that you miglit have 
nothing in the house, he has sent you this pike to prepare for 
them. And, madam, (says he) your husband bid me ask you for 
a silver tankard that has part of the hdd broken of, and desires 
you to send it to him, and he will get the Hdd mended and bring 
it with him, by the same token that both of you drunk your 
morning draughts in it/ ' Ey,' says shee, ' we did so,' and 
so shee fetched it, and delivered it to him. And away go's he 
with his tankard, and shews it to his companion, saying, ' See 
you here, sarrah ! (says he) I have got what I look'd for, 1 have 
brought it with me,' etc. So they sat them down at the afore- 
sayd place and drunk on. At noon the merchant comes home, 
and as soon as his wife saw him shee fell a scowlding him, saying, 
' Ey, husband, you'r always a troubleing us thus with somebody 
or other, youv'e no prudence in you.' To which he sayd, 
'Pray, dear, what do you mean? What do you mean, to bo 
thus angry with me ? ' ' What do I mean ? (says she), 
nay, what do you mean, to play us so many foolish tricks?' 
' What strangers are those you'r bringing to dine with us ? ' 
' To dine with you ! I know of none — I am bringing none.' 
' No ! (says shee) what did you send yon pike for then ? ' ' I 
sent none,' says he. ' Nor you did not send for the great silver 
tankard to get mended neither, did you?' ' No,' says he, ' no 
more I did ! ' At which they both stood amazed for a while, but, 
recollecting themselves, they both concluded tliat some rogue had 
imposed upon them and cheated them, upon which they both ran 
out of doors, one to one goldsmith, and another to another, to lay 
wait for the plate, and so they took care for the reco^•ering of it, 
and for the apprehending of the rogue." 

" But, in the meantime, he sat looking out of the hole in the 
glass window, and seeing them run'd one one way and the other 
another way, says he to his companion, ' Jack, I'm hungry, I'll 
'een go steal my pike again that I gave yon merchant, and we 
will have it dress'd.' 'Pish! pish!' says the other to him, 
' you'l certainly be taken and hang'd for your being so venter- 
some. ' ' No, no,' says he, ' I will go,' and so being some- 
what disguised by pulling his sleeves of, and by tying a speckled 
handkercher about his neck instead of his cravat, he aocs a back 
way, and comes runnmg up the street to the merchant's, and with 
great joy runs in crying, 'The rogue's taken, the rogue's taken, 
God be thank'd, he's taken that stole your master's tankard, and 
he has got it again, and sent the thief to Newgate.' ' God be 
thank'd for it,' says the maid, 'I'm gladd of it.' 'And,' says 



104 THE DIARY OF 

he, 'Your master and mistris is met at such a tavern, and they 
sent me to command you to send them the great pike that the 
damn'd rogue brouglit here ith' morning, for they intend to get 
their diimers there : there are several of the neighbours met there 
also, and they are very merry.' ' Well, well,' says shee ; so 
shee delivers him the pike, reddy to be used, and takes down a 
large silver platter and lays it thereon, and so the rogue went of 
with more than what he expected. As soon as his partner saw his 
creat fortune he Avas amaz'd, but both of them thinkina; it was 
not safe for them to stay any longer there, they contrived a way 
in a box for the carriers to get their prize off, and then shifted 
for theirselves." 

" But about two houers after the maid had delivered him his 
fish, in comes her master and mistris, and as soon as ever she 
saw them, ' I'm glad at heart,' says shee to them, ' that you 
have got your tankard again, and discovered the rogue, God be 
thank'd for it, Grod be thank'd,' etc. ' What, what, what ails 
the lass,' say they, ' is shee madd ? Surely shee's madd, 
she talks she knows not what.' ' Well, well ! tho' you 
make as if you had not got it, yet you have, and I am heartily 
glad of it. I sent you the rogue's pike on the great silver platter,' 
etc. ' God ! (says he) has this rogue cheated me again, 
he has not onely got my tankard but my platter also,' etc. 
Upon which they were all so mightily surpriz'd that they did 
not know what to do, but stood as thunderstruck, amazed at the 
strangness of their losses." 

It is very observable what Mr. Ramsden sayd touching clip- 
pers, which we had been talking of. He says that about nine 
yeai's ago, when he was at London, there was a clipper taken, 
who, being a shoemaker by trade, wrought at the aforesay'd art 
openly in his shop, singing aloud, " I shall ne'er go the sooner, I 
shall ne'er go the sooner to the Stygian ferry." Thus he did for 
some two days together, but on the third he was taken, and in 
the next assises hang'd. He had been long at the trade, but 
always did it in secret ; but being turn'd a rigid predestinarian, 
he believed it in vain to work any more in secret, but took it to 
be the very same to work in publick, for no one could anticedate 
his own death. 

11. This day I went to see Madam Anderson, and flilling a 
talking from one thing to another, shee ran and fetched me down 
several old coins to look at, amongst which one was a rose noble, 
one of those that Ramund Lully is sayd to have made [by] 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 105 

clijmistry. Tliore was another of silver, which was a medal made 
upon the return of K[ing] Charles the Second; and there was 
two or three old kSaxon coins, such as is seen in the beginning of 
Cambden, and one which was a Danish one. Concernino- which 
three or four last slice told me this very observable thin o- ; to witt, 
that about four years ago, as a man was digging in the field near 
unto Boston, in this county, he light upon a cave, which having 
broke through tlie wall thereof, he discovered therein the dead 
body of a man, layd in a kind of a stone coffin, which body fell 
to ashes as soon as ever he touched it. And in the cave he found 
great heaps of money, all black with age, which money he sold 
in whole baggs full, by weight, to all the neighbouring country, 
and carry'd a great quantity of it to Gainsburr, and sold it by 
weight there, and there it was that this lady got those pieces 
thereof that I saw. They were full as bigg as large sixpenys, 
and wei'e all of them of silver, and of a great many different coins. 

Shee relates likewise that about thirty years ago there was 
discovered a very Strang thing at Godstow, which shee had from 
many eye witnesses, and was this. As a gardiner was dio-aing 
on the side of a great hill nigh the town, he could never proceed 
on his work for the great stones that he continnualy encounter'd 
with, therefore one advised to digg on the top of the hill, and 
having done so for half a day, he came to a cansy, as he cauld it 
at first, but, having puU'd up many of the stones, it appear'd to 
be the roof of a great arched cave, built in manner of a church, 
in which there were several old monuments and diverse images. 
Some of the latter she says were taken out and putt in the church 
of that place. 

This brings into my mind what I heard a gentleman sav, last 
time I was in Yorkshire, to witt, that about the year 1659, when 
he was in Somersetshire, there was discover'd in a hole on Mal- 
vern hills, a pot full of money, many of which this gentleman 
had, but has lost them all. However, they were brass and 
copper, and had most of them the name of Lewellin on. The 
same gentleman let me se an old Athenian coin, with an owl on 
it on one side, on each side of which was an omicron and a 
eupsilon, on the other side a royal head with a crown on, with 
two ill shaped unknown letters. 

16. I was with a gentleman or two this day that came from 
London, an ingenious, knowing, understanding man, and he says 
that many of the commissioners and great men for the king 
keep spys in the citty of Jjondon, and in the nation, who they 



106 THE DIARY OF 

find with monej", and gives them Have to swear at K[ino;] 
Wil[Ham]^ and to drink K[ino] James his health, and to talk 
against the government, and to join themselves to all companys, 
on purpose to pump them, and to find how they are inclined. 
And when that they discover any thing they immediately give 
notice thereof to their respective masters. He says that Mens'- 
de la Rue, who is one of the chief discoverers in this plot, is a spy 
of the L*^- Portland's, and that the Duke of Devonshire, the Earl 
of Ormond, and others, keeps a great many more, some one, some 
two, and some three, a piece. 

The 18th instant, being Saturday, I went to see a place, be- 
tween Sanclif and Conisby, called the Sunken Church,^ the tradi- 
tion concerning which says that there was a church there formerly, 
but that it sunk in the ground with all the people in it, in the 
times of popery. But I found it to be only a fable, for that 
which they shew to be the walls thereof, yet standing, is most 
manifestly nothing but a natural rock, which lifts itself out of 
the ground about two yards high, in a continued line, like the 
wall of a church, etc. 

S'- Rob[ert] Swift,'^ in 1612, had a great estate at Laneham, 
Upton, Gamston, etc., in Nottinghamshire. He was son to 

^ Sunken Church at Sancliff yet exists, and is known by that name. The 
story is that the church and the whole congregation were swallowed np by the 
earth, but that on one day in the year (the anniversary, it is believed, of that 
on which the church went down), if one goes early in the morning he may hear 
the bells ring for Mass. The legend cannot be accounted for. A similar tale 
exists, I understand, about various other places in Britain and Germany. There 
has clearly been no church here. The stone is certainly natural. It is not so high 
now as Pryme reports. The earth has probably washed down the hill and raised 
the ground about it. Tiiere are some marks or furrows on it, which may be 
•very rude carvings, but this is doubtful. As large stones are a rarity there- 
abouts, and as this is visible at a considerable distance, it may have had heathen 
rites connected with it, which liave given a weird memory to the spot. 

'' See pedigree of Swyft, of Rotherham, Doncaster, and Streetthorpe, {South 
Yorlisldre, i., p. 204), where it appears that it was his cousin Frances (and not 
his daughter), third and youngest daughter and coheiress of his uncle, Robert 
Swyft, esq., who married Sir Francis Leake, as stated. Our Diarist, in another 
of his MSS., says of Sir Robert Swift that he bought Stristerop [Streetthorpe] 
where he dwelt. " He wa.s an ingenious, witty, and merry gentleman, concern- 
ing whome this town (Hatfield) has many traditional storys. They tell how 
tliat he having once discovered a gentleman of Cantley, a town hard by, whose 
name was Mr. Slack, stealing one of the king's deer, lie apprehended him, and 
having heard that he was a constant transgressor, (the assizes being then at 
York, and all ye other delinquents being sent from Thorn prison), Sir Robert 
set out with this gentleman to ye same place ; but night coming on, they took 
up their lodgings by ye way, and finding there by chance a pot of good ale, this 
Mr. Slack told him so many merry tails over ye same, and enticed them to drink 



ABRAHAM DE LA TRYJIE. 107 

Will[iam] Swift, esq. S''- Rob[ert] marry'd one of his 
daughters to S"^- FrancLis] Leek, who had a §on that was made 
L'^- Deincourt and Earl of Scarsdale. Another daughter he 
marry'd to S""- Rob[ert] Anstrudder. Of this S"^- Rob[ert] 
Anstrudder, or of his father, I do not know whether, is related 
this pleasant but certain story. 

He was sent over ambassador to the King of Denmark, and 
having been there several times before, he was highly caress'd 
by the king and all the court ; and after that dinner was ended, 
as the custome is, the king and him, and many others, fell hard 
to drinking, and, being merry, the King of Denmark made this 
pleasant proposal. " Come," says he, " my P- ambassador, I'll 
tell vou what we will do. I'll send for my crowm, and will set it 
on the table, and you and me will drink for it. If you make me 
drunk, you shall wear it till I be sober. If I make you drunk 
I will wear it till you be sober." So they soon agreed to this, 
and the crown was brought and set before them. So they \vent 
to it ; but, in short, Anstrudder made him so drunk he fell under 
the table, and the nobles, as they were commanded, set the 
crown on Anstrudder's head, who, being thus crowned, made 
them call him king, and sending for the secretary of state, he 
made several new laws, and commanded him to write them down, 
and these laws are many of them yet kept, and call'd to this day 
Anstrudder's laws. The ambassador, being thus made king, was 
resolved to reign as long as he could, and took such care that he 
kept the king drunk three days together, and had done it longer 
had not they feared that it might have killed him, and then, with 
a great many complements, he return'd him his crown again. 

About a year after, Amstrudder' was sent again, and the king^ 
meditateing reveng, sent for him in all hast, and he comeing out 
of a close shipp in a great amaze unto the king, the king after 
haveing saluted him and he him, begun full bumpers, and after 

so long, that he got Sir Rob. and those with him dead drunk. Upon which 
takeing a piece of paper, he writt thereon these following verses : 

To every creature God has given a gift. 
Sometimes the Slack dos overrun the Swift. 

and, having stop'd them into Sir Robert's pocket (where he found them by 
chance next morning), he made his escape that night, and was not heard again 
of, of a long while. But Sir Rob., seeming as if he was not at all concerned, 
kept on his journey to York, and, haveing performed his business there, returned 
again to his station. This Sir Rob. dyed, very much lamented by every one that 
knew him, in ye year 16--, and was buried in Doncaster church." Hunter 
furnishes the date of his death 14 March, 1G25. 

' This Amstrudder was also sent ambassador into Germany in 1G30. — Mar- 
ginal Note by Diarist. 



108 THE DIARY OF 

a pretty hard tngg he fell'd Amstrudder down, so that he fell fa>t 
asleep. Upon which he searched his pocket, and found his 
papers, and what things they were that he came about. He 
immediately dispatch'd the same, and caused them to be put in 
his pocket again, and so sent him away a shippbord again, com- 
manding them to depart immediately, and be gone. Which being- 
performed, and being in their full course to England, Amstrudder, 
awakening out of his sleep, begun to stare and wonder where he 
was, and to be so amaz'd that he did not know what to do (after 
they told him that the king commanded them to be gone in all hast 
from his coasts), fearing that he should be hanged when he got 
into England ; but then, searching for his papers, he found his 
business done, and that pleased him very well. Upon which 
beino- got into England, and noinD- to meet the king on asuddain, 
the king begun to swear at [him]. " By me shaul, mon, thou 
art not fitt to gang about any business, thou art so slo," etc., 
thinking that he had not yet set out on his embassage, but hear- 
ing of him that he had, he was mightily well pleased thereat, 
and asked how he came to get his business so soon done, upon 
which Amstrudder told him the whole, which made the king 
lai;gh heartily. This was told me by Mr. Corn[elius] Lee, a 
relation both of S''- Ilob[ert] Swift's, and S'^'- Rob[ert] Amstrud- 
der's, and dos attest it to be a real truth, and is mentioned in 
Loyd's Worthys in his life.-^ 

The Marquis of Carmarthen and the L'^- Cutts has been lately 
in disguise in England, sent from the king to pump the nation, 
and are lately returned back. 

On the 20th was taken five huge porpuses in Trent, near 
Authorp, etc. 

July 30. This day I was with one Mr. Cook, who says that 
as his brother was plowing in the fields of Darfield in Yorkshire, 
about sixteen years ago, his plow bared a all \_sic] the earth of a 
great pott like a butter pot, which, he taking notice of, he found 
and discovered that it was top full of all Roman coins, amongst 
which was several of gold, which he carry'd home, and sending 
for a goldsmith he sold them to him for one pound, tho' they 
were worth above three times as much as he gave for them. 

My L*^- Portland is lately come over in disguise from Flan- 
ders, and, being unknown, was taken up in Kent for some great 
person lately come from France ; but he soon discovered himself 

•' See quotation therefrom, etc., in Hunter's South Yorkshire, i., p. 55. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 109 

who he was, and so was accquitted. He came to pump tlie 
nation, and see how they were affected. He has a great many 
spys, and so has my L'^- Cutts, Devonshire, etc. 

There are, they say, about ninety justices of peace turned out 
for not signing the Assosiation, and about one hundred and 
twenty officers in the trainbands. 

Aug. 12. 'Tis sayd that the king looses above 1000/. per day 
in the excise, by reason of the ill management of the clipp'd 
money : for a great many ale houses all over the country, and 
some almost in every town, has given over brewing and sellino; of 
ale, because that they can get no good money for the ale that 
they shall sell. 

There is great striveings now to get interest and votes to be 
chosen parlament men, before that they know that the parla- 
ment will be dissolved ; and for all that there was an act made 
the very last year that they should [not] treat the country and 
bribe for their votes, yet, nevertheless, they carry on that course 
yet, and say that the act of parlament can take no hold of them, 
because that the old parlament is not yess [yet] dissolved, but 
that when it is dissolved that then they must not do so. 

I have promiss'd my votes for Capt[ain] Whitchcot, and 
champion De Moc, commonly call'd Dimmock.* This champion 
holds certain lands by exhibiting on a certain day every year a 
milk-white bull with black ears to the people who are to run it 
down, and then it is cutt in pieces and given amongst the poor. 
His estate is almost 2000/. a year, and whoever has it is cham- 
pion of England ; but he ows more by farr than he is worth, 
and has no children, so that it will soon get into another family. 
The Dimmock has enjoyed it ever since Will[iam] the Con- 
queror's days, if I do not mistake. 

13. This day Mr. Rawson, an old, learned, and ingenious 
gentleman, that was at the sieg of Newark in Cromwell's days, 
in one sally that the besieged had made, a blackamore took a 
Scotch soldier prisoner ; upon which the poor Scot, being almost 

* Charles Dymoke, referred to by the Diarist, was champion at the corona- 
tion of WiUiam and Mary, and Queen Anne. He represented the county of 
Lincoln in parliament from 1698 to 1701. Dying s.p. 17 January, 1702-3, he 
was succeeded by his brother, Lewis Dymoke, M.P. for Lincoln 1702-5, and 
1710-13. He died, unmarried, at the age of 91, in February, 1760, when the 
estate at Scrivelsby devolved, under his will, upon his cousin, Edward Dymoke, 
who was at that time an eminent hatter in Fenchurch Street, London. He died 
12 September, 1760. — Seej)ostea. 



110 THE DIARY OF 

frio-btened out of liis wits, pray'd heartily, saying " God ! 
God ! God ! have mercy upon me sawl, have mercy upon me sawl, 
de deel's got my body, the deel's got my body ; " and the fellow was 
so frightened he would not follow the black, so that he was forc'd 
to kill him. He says he was in this sally, and saw this thing. 

The same gentleman says he saw a young spare thin man 
there of abovit twenty years old, but of vast strength. He would 
oft [have] lifted more than five men. 

He says that at Nonersfield,' about twenty miles beyond 
York, is a vast great fortification, and that there was many 
silver and gold coins found there in Cromwel's days. 

S^- Rob^^ert] Amstrudder had a black, who was mighty 
religious, and would every morning walk out into the open field 
and pray to the rising sun. At last he was converted to Christi- 
anity, and lived a very examplary and pious life. 

Here is very little or no new monney comes yet down 
amongst us, so that we scarce know how to subsist. Every one 
runs vipon tick, and those that had no credit a year ago has 
credit enough now, the parlament has done that which God 
himself could scarce do, for they have made the whole land out 
of love [with] monney, so that, whether it be clipp'd or full weight, 
they know not what to do with it, etc. 

September 3. I heard an old gentleman say that has lived at 
London all his time, that it was always the custome of Cromwel, 
when he had any great business in hand, or when his council 
asked him whether such a thing should be so or no, or whether 
such or such a great man should be executed for his loyalty or no, 
etc., — says he always, " Stay a bitt, stay a bit, I'll go consult the 
L^- ! " and then he went up into his closset and stayed commonly 
about half a quarter of an hower, sometimes more, and then he 
always discided the thing when he came down, saying " The 
Lord will not have it so !" When the king was to be executed, 
Cromwell's daughter who was marryed to ... . begged 
upon him, as it were for her own life (all in tears and morning) 
that he would not suffer such a monstrous piece of murder to be 
performed, " which, says she, " will for ever reflect upon you, 

' No such place occurs in the Yorkshire Directories. There is a place called 
Nosterfield, in the parish of West Tanfield, and liberty of Richmondshire, about 
three-and-a-half miles from Masham ; and we have Nunburnholme, three-and-a- 
half miles from Pocklington, where there was formerly a small Benedictine 
Nunnery, and where the villagers show a mound, a little above the village, at 
the bottom of a wood, as the site where the Nunnery stood. 



ABRAHAM DE LA rRYME. Ill 

and make you odious to the end of the world." " W^jl!," says he, 
"I'llgocojisult the L^' and what the L'^- says that will I do." So 
upon that he ran to his studdy, and [the] poor lady followed him, 
almost dround in tears, and fell down at the studdy door, weep- 
ing and lamenting. After a while Oliver comes out, crying, 
" He shall dy, he shall dy, the L^- commands it, the L*^- commands 
it." 

This is somewhat like the actions of Baalam the sorcerrer, 
who went so oft to consult the L^- to curse the anointed of God 
his Israel. But now, whether Oliver, who was a great polititian, 
did this on purpose to blind the eyes of the vulgar, and to make 
them believe that whatever he did was according unto the com- 
mand of God, I cannot tell ; or whether he held correspondence (if 
there can be any such thing), with the divel, who was the l'^- his 
god; whom he consulted upon all occasions, I shall not determin; 
but most certain it is that he was a very wicked man, one of no 
religion nor piety, but lived like an atheist. 

OcTOB. 10. Things are very quiet yet, but the Jacobites are 
of undanted spirits, and continues their high, impudent, treason- 
able talkings and discourses, almost as much as ever. 

New money beginns to grow plentyfull, there is no one almost 
but has some little quantity. All the mints are now in motion, 
and they give satisfaction to the country. 

13. I have heard from S''- Edwin Sandys'" and others, 
that the Lady Amstrudder had a child when shee was ten, and 
continued to have till she was threescore, tho' indeed most of them 
dyd after they were born. I knew a woman myself that was 
brought to bed of two children when she was eleven, and another 
I knew that had a child when she was thirteen, and shee bears 
children now, tho' shee is above fifty years old. 

Oct. 18. I have been told by several learned men that some 
of the virtuosi both at London and beyond sea have, with their 
telescopes, observed that the sun has these several months been 
cursted over its face with some sort of tough digested matter, 
and some says that the same was observed above a year ago, so 

"• In a former page (43) the Diarist has called his friend Edwin Sandys 
"knight," and here again he has given him the prefix of " Sir," that is if he 
is alluding to the same person. His father, Sir Thomas Sandys, is styled " knight 
and baronet" in the parish register of Hatfield, but the latter title must be an 
error. — See a?Ue, p. 36, 



112 THE DIARY OF 

that it is notable to exert its power and heat upon those northern 
countrys (if not all others likewise) as much as it used to do, 
which is the reason that we have had no summer this year, nor 
very little last year, but continual rains and missts, to the great 
damage of harvest. 

23. I was with the ingenious Doct[or] Smart, at Brigg, and 
having asked him several questions about antiquitys and old coins, 
he says that, Avhen he was a boy about sixteen years old, as he 
and some more of his companions where playing and casting 
handfulls of sand one at another, some of them grasped three or 
four old coins amongst the sand, and, looking further, they found 
above a peckful hid in the sand hill. They were all Roman 
emperors, and as fresh as if they were new coined, being all of 
brass or mixt mettal, and about the bigness of half crowns. The 
town's name, where they were found, is Whitburn, a fisher town 
by the sea-side, and betwixt Sunderland and Schields. 

About twenty miles beyond Doncaster there is a town they 
call Eccleston," which has an old church at it, which for its 
antiquity is become the subject of a pi-ovei'b amonsgt the country 
for a great many miles round about, who, when they would ex- 
press a thing of any great antiquity, they immediatly say that it 
is as old as Eccleston church. 

10 NovB^- I have observed it two or three times, that when I 
have been in trouble, that I have always met with very comfor- 
table hopes in my reading accidentally the very appointed ser- 
vices of the church, so the last week I was presented for not 
being at the last Vissitation, and for some malitious thing layd to 
my charge, and the Sunday following, which was the third day of 
the month, in the evening prayer, I mett with those appointed 
Psalmns, the 41, 42, and 43, which yielded me a great deal of 
comfort ; and being to be at Lincoln, at the court, on Monday 
following, when I came there, the court was exceeding kind unto 
me, and sayd that I might not have troubled myself in coming, 
but might have but sent a line or two, and I should not only have 
been excused and cleer'd; and so nothing was ill. 

The last week I took two or three new counterfeit sixpences, 
but exquisitly made, and washed with silver, being copper within. 
Munday was a sennit, they had many new sixpences stirring at 
Hull, with a Y for York on them, tho' they did not begin to coin 
such sixpences at York till the Wednesday following, so soon is 

" Probably Ecclesfield is intended. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 113 

our new money counterfeited, so tliat now tliey take new milled 
nionney as well as old, onely by weight. 

The k[i ng] and the parl[iaraent] agrees mighty well. 

11. Doct[or] Johnston," after thirty years labour in compiling 
his history of Yorkshire, gives us now some hopes to see it 

" The name of Dr. Nathaniel Johnston is one which no Yorkshire antiquary 
can pass by unnoticed. He made very considerable collections, consisting of 
transcripts of records, copies from Dodsworth, trickings of monuments in the 
churches, and of old mansions, in Yorkshire, abstracts of evidences illustrative 
of the property, descent, and alliances of some of the principal families of the 
county of York. He put together many volumes of genealogies ; some were 
copied from public documents, but others were the compilation of the doctor 
himself, and are extremely valuable, since the facts which they contain are not 
perhaps elsewhere to be found. The whole is in fact the apparatus for a topo- 
graphical account of Yorkshire. The value of these collections is however 
diminished, to a great degree, by the hasty manner in which the manual art of 
writing was performed by him, nor can any practice in reading after him enable 
a person to determine with certainty what proper name is meant in some cases 
where it is of importance to determine it. Canon Raine says of them that " they 
are, most unfortunately, written in a hand so crabbed and obnoxious that even 
the most practised eye must look upon them with horror and amazement." — 
Yorkshire Arclueolog. and Topog. Journal, 18G9, part i., p. 19. 

The father of Dr. Johnston, a native of Scotland,, was a member of the 
English Church, and, at the time of his death, held the Rectory of Sutton-upon- 
Derwent. He seems to have resided, at one period of his life, at Reedness, 
in Yorkshire, for there, it is believed, the doctor was born in 1627, and was 
baptised at Whitgift. Early in life he married and settled at Pontefract. 
His wife was a daughter and coheiress of the Cudworths, of Eastfield, in the 
parish of Silkstone, an ancient family of the better yeomanry or lesser gentry. 
His practice was extensive, lying amongst the superior gentry of the West 
Riding. An account of his family was furnished by him to Sir W. Dugdale at 
the visitation of Yorkshire in 1GC5. At that date he was 38 years of age. 
{Surtees Socicti/'s Publications, vol. xxxvi., p. 6). He went to reside in London, 
and there, it is said, he was for ever giving out that he had methodized his 
collections for the history of the county, and intended to publish them. The 
work was to be in ten volumes. It was thus when our Diarist above refers to 
him. The Earl of Peterborough was the antiquarian earl whom perhaps he 
assisted in the compilation of the history of the House of Mordaunt. From 
the state of obscurity into which he fell he seems not to have emerged, and 
Hunter says that he accidentally discovered that he died in 1705. Relative to 
his property, the following is a copy of an advertisement, which appeared in the 
Gazette from Monday, March 2ith, to Thursday, March 27th, 1707. 

" All the Estate of the late Dr. Nath. Johnston, consisting of a Great House, and several otiier 
houses and lands at Pontefract, Eastfield, lladley House, Cravemore, and Thurgoland, in the County 
of York, is to be sold by vertue of a Decree of the High Court of Chancery, before Dr. Edisbury, 
one of the Masters of the said Court, at his Chambers in Symond's Inn, where particulars may 
be had." 

His collections fell into good hands, for they were purchased by Richard 
Frank, esq., of Campsal, Yorkshire, F.S.A., recorder of Pontefract and Doncaster, 
himself a diligent labourer in the cause of literature, and one who carefully 
preserved the accumulations of others. The MSS. are now the property of the 
descendant of his brother, Frederick Bacon Frank, esq., the pre.-^ent possessor 
of Campsal. — See Hunter's South Yorkshire, ii., pp. 465, 466 ; lb., prefaces to 
vols. i. and ii. ; Tliorcshi/s Diarij, i., p. 39. 
I 



114 THE DIARY OF 

brought to light. He has collected, for the time, all that ever he 
can find in most antient authors, and has lately sent several 
volumes thereof down into the country to crave any one's addi- 
tions or corrections. That concerning Hatfield, Thorn, Fishlake, 
etc., came to me, but I would not meddle to add anything in 
Hatfield, because that I am writing the history of that place,'' but 
I have added abundance of things to Thorn, Fishlake, Bramwith, 
Sandal, etc. 

The Doct[or] is exceeding poor, and one chief thing that has 
made him so was this great undertaking of his. He has been forced 
to skulk a great many years, and now he lives privately with the 
Earl of Peterburro, who maintains him. He dare not let it be 
openly known where he is, and the letters are directed for other 
people that goes to him. When I write to him he desired me 

P The following extract, relating to Hatfield, out of De la Pryme's MSS. in 
the Lansdowne Collection in the British Museum, may not be unacceptable : — 
" It is situated (as almost all ye towns of its name are), upon a pleasant, 
fruitful, and happy soil, neither too high, nor too low, too subject to durt in 
winter, nor too troublesome in summer by reason of its dust ; 'tis not too much 
exposed to winds, nor rendered unpleasant at any time by vapours or mists, but 
every thing conjoins in one to make it pleasant and neat. It stands in ye midst 
of an almost round field, not disfigured by hills and dailes, perpetually green 
with corn in one part or other, and ye pleasant oaks, and woody pastures and 
closes, which encompass this field and town round about, gives a most delectable 
prospect to ye eye. 

"The to^-n itself, though it be but little, yet 'tis very handsome and neat: 
ye manner of ye building that it formerly had were all of wood, clay, and plaster, 
but now that way of building is quite left of, for every one now, from ye richest 
to ye poorest, will not build except with bricks : so that now from about 80 
years ago (at which time bricks was first seen, used, and made in this parish), 
they have been wholy used, and now there scarce is one house in ye to\vn that 
dos not, if not wholy, yet for ye most part, consist of that lasting and genteel 
sort of building ; many of which also are built according to the late model with 
cut brick and covered over with Holland tyle, which gives a brisk and pleasant 
air to ye town, and tho' many of the houses be little and despicable without, 
yet they are neat, well furnished, and most of them ceiled with ye whitest 
plaster within. 

" And as this town was formeily a royal village, in which ye kings had a 
pallace, so there is part of ye pallace standing, being an indifferent larg hall, 
with great courts and gardens about the same. There is likewise a hall or 
two of good workmanship and curiosity, with several large well buUt houses, 
an ingenious and well contrived school -house, and the most stately, magnificent, 
and beautifullest church that is to be seen in the whole country ; and another 
glory of this town is, that it is not plagu'd with any dissenters. 

" Altho' this town be not dignify'd either with a market or fair, yet it stands 
so conveniently that it is not far off of any, haveing Doncaster five miles 
distant on the west, Thorn two miles of on ye east, and Bautry seaven miles 
on ye south, so that if it stands in need of any thing, there is but a little way 
to fetch ye same. But indeed ye town of itself is so well furnished with one 
or two of almost every trade, as butchers, mercers, chandlers, joyners, cutlers, 
chirurgians, etc., that other places stands in more need of them than ye latter 
of ye former," 



ABRAHAM DE LA PKYMK. 115 

superscribe his letter onely thus— For the Doctor— and then to 
wrap it in another paper, and sealing it, to superscribe it thus : 

This for the right reverend father in God, 
Tho[ma3] Lord Bishop of St. David's, to be left with 
Mr. Monah, postmaster, over against 
Ax Yard, in King's Street, Westminster. 

And then, under all, he desired me to make two strokes, thus, 
~ which was a private mark. 

24. I have lately written several letters to Doc[tor] Johnston, 
and informed him of a great manv things of Thorn, Fishlack, 
Sandal, Doncaster, York, Pomfrit, Thorp, Burrowbrigs, Middle- 
ham, Darfield, Beverley, etc. 

About the year 1638-9 the Levels of Ancham, where the river 
Ank runneth, were drained by the instigation of the Dutch, 
several of whome were overseers in the business. The cut or 
river called New Ankam (falsly for New Ank), from five miles 
beyond Newstead to Humber, in the cutting of which river was 
found oak trees lying with their tops north east, and nothing else 
of any note. Some of the trees were plainly broke by stress of 
weather ; others, tho' very few, were plainly cutt, but the most 
were driven down root and all. The great since that they built 
at Ferriby cost above 3000^., and had twenty-four doors, each of 
which doors were able to laid a cart and eight horses, by reason of 
their great thickness and weight, and the great quantity of iron 
that was therein. The sluce is sayd to have two or three flowers 
[floors] , and it is added that twenty-nine waggon load of the best 
timber that could be found in these woods went to the pileing 
and the laying of the foundation of that sluce. This I had from 
several old men. 

In Haxey Carr there are several great hills not farr from one 
another called Fort Hills : when the[y] were built, or what foi', 
is not easily known. 

The last time that I was in Yorkshire I was with an ingenious 
gentleman, a virtuoso, who had been in all the Irish warrs. He 
gives most lamentable accounts of every thing, too long here to 
mention. He says that one time he saw our carriages drive over 
a field in which there had been a sharp fight for the pass, and 
they drive over all the bodys of the men there killed, some of 
which was not yet dead, and their bones crack'd and broke as 
they drive over them. He says he saw three Irish men quarter'd 
alive by command of K[ing] W[illiam]. They put their knives 
in their breasts and so cut them up. They had impail'd two 



116 THE DIARY OF 

Englishmen that they had treacherously taken. He was likewise 
att the time in the camp at Caricfergus, where they were almost 
all pined to dead, and, being but 30,000 weak sickly men, were 
encompass'd by 50,000 of their enemys, yet durst not attack them. 
He says, as I have related before, that the common soldiers when 
they wanted any seats to sit on, they would commonly run to the 
next tents and pull out a dead man or two, stiff with cold, and, 
drawing them to the fireside, would sit on them instead of a 
bench, and smook tobacco, and sing and drink, etc. 

Decb^- 20. Monney goes for no more than it weys, nor for 
that neither. I mean no dipt monney will go now for more than 
5s. 2d. an ounce, and sometimes ten, fifteen, or more shillings 
will but weigh that, so badly was our money cliped. 

21. I was told this day a very observable thing by a very 
good hand, which is this. When Champion Dimock' let of his 
horse to kiss K[ing] James the Second's hand, after that he had 
challenged any one that durst question the king's rights to 
the crown, as the custome is, the champion in moving towards 
the king fell down all his length in the hall, when as there was 
nothing in the way that could visibly cause the same ; where- 
upon the Queen sayd, " See you, love, what a weak champion you 
have." To which the k[ing] sayd nothing, but laught, and the 
champion excused himself, pretending his armour was heavy, 
and that he himself was weak with sickness, which was false, for 
he was very well, and had had none. 

In Haxey carr, in the Isle of Axholm, formerly called Haxe- 
holm, is to be seen several great hills which have been cast up, 
and are called by the vulgar Fort hills. 

I have writt to Doct[or] Bernard again, and have sent him a 
cattalogue of several more MSS., that are in the hands of some 
gentlemen on this side the country. 

Being this day in company with one Mr. Nevil, an ingenious 
man, of Winterton, we fell into discourse about the great Irish 
hubub that happen'd soon after K[ing] Will[iam] came in. He 
told me of several men that was kill'd in the same, one perhaps 
is not unworthy of relating, and that is as follows. In the afore- 
sayd time there was one John Smith, who, belonging to Hull, 
had a vessel in Grimsby Road, and, at the same time, when all the 
great stir was, one of his men went with the country mobb to 

9 See antea, p. 109, 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 117 

search a papist's house not farr of. When they were come to 
the house, this man, because that they would not give him 
entrance, he puts his musket into the window and shoots a servant 
that belonged to the house quite through the head, upon which 
he dyd immediately. This being done, they got in and haild the 
people away to the next town. But the afbresayd Smith, hear- 
ing what his man had done, he calls him al)ord, and so away 
they steard for Hull. But, on their course, as they were sailing, 
this man fell by chance from off the deck of the shipp into the 
sea, and was drounded, etc. 

The Andersons is a worthy and honourable family, great 
lovers of the church, and of unity and peace. Stephen Anderson 
was a great loyalist in K[ing] C[harles] the First's days, and 
was almost ruined thereby, altho' that he had a vast estate. All 
Appelby then was his, and he sould it to aid the king. He gave 
at one time 800 pounds to compound for his estate. He main- 
tained for several years a troop of horsemen at his own charges, 
and had his house at Manby thrice sacked, and every thing that he 
had taken away from him, not onely household goods, but also all 
his beasts and horses. He was in the siege of Newark. He 
had four sons, which was then but young ; which four are now 
alive, viz., S"^- Stephen Anderson, Edmund Anderson, Francis, 
and Edwin. When a party of the enemy sacked his house the 
last time, they enquired hard for Frances his little son, who was 
then at nurse in the town of Manby, to have got him, and to. 
have made his father redeem him, Avhich so frightened the nurse 
that she takes the child, dresses it and herself all in raggs, and 
ly's it on her back, and away she ran with it to Newark, and got 
safe into the town. Mr. Edmund, and a sister that he had, was 
carry'd about almost a whole year, from place to place, the one 
in one panyer, the other in another, but, God be thank'd, never got 
any harm. These four brothers are yet alive. This I had yes- 
terday from one of them. 

S''- Steph[en] lives at London, in Bedford Walks ; Mr. 
Edm[und] at Ey worth, in [Bedford]shire, in the south; 
Mr. Frances at Manby, and has about 800^. per annum ; and Mr. 
Edwin at this town of Broughton. 

This day I read Mr. Bohun's character of Queen Eliz[abeth]. 
I remember that I have heard his son, who hang'd himself, 
several times say that his father had had that book a long while 
by him to print, and had sent it several times to be licenced 
towards its printing, but it was not suffer'd to be printed. At 
last of all, when I was at Cambridge, ho was made a licencer to 



118 THE DIARY OF 

the press, then it was printed. But a short Avhile after happened 
the death of his son, Avhich so disturbed him that he licenced 
several books which he should not, whereupon he was brought 
to the barr, and, after a confession of his fault, he received his 
demitts, and was turned out of his place of licencer. 

1696-7. 

Jan. 2. In this church of our's, of Broughton, is an antlent 
monument of white marble, being the statues of one S""- Henry 
Redford and his lady, who is sayd (by tradition), to have been 
the builders of this church. They are both cut of one great 
stone, and are made holding one the other by the hand. They 
did formerly lye in a little quire on the north of the chancel ; 
but, when S""- John Anderson dy'd, his executors, that set up a 
curious fine monument to him, removed the two aforesayd statues, 
and new built the quire, and made his monument to be put 
therein, and removed the aforesayd into the rails of the communion 
table, and layd the first mider an old arch which had another 
monument on it formerly, and layd his lady below by him. He 
lyes all in armor. Upon his leg, in modern but well cut letters, 
is engraved these words, "Here lyeth S""- Henry Retfoi't, 
Knio-ht."'' There is his and her sravestones likewise, with their 

'' The inscription on the knight's leg is effaced. Tlie Arms are correctly 
described. There is also a rampant lion in a narrow compartment at the west 
end of the tomb. The knight and lady wear each a collar of SS. Her feet rest 
on two dogs collared ; his on a lion with an uninscribed label coming out of 
his mouth. His surcoat has the arms of Redford upon it. The two figures 
are each cut out of a separate block of alabaster, which has been painted stone 
colour. 

Gervase Holies, in his Lincolnshire collections, noticed the following shields 
in the windows. " In fenestra australi, 1. — Rydford : argent, fretty s., a chief 
s., impaling Strange (gules, 2 lions passant arg). 2. — Rydford impaling a chief 
gules. The crest defaced." 

Henry Redford was sheriff of Lincolnshire in 1393 ; Sir Henry Redford, 
knight, in 1406 ; and Henry Redford in 1428. 

Mr. Peacock has a transcript (made by himself from the original in the 
possession of a friend), of a charter of Henry Redford, of which an abstract 
is annexed. 

" Sciant, quod ogo Henri cus Redford milesdedi Willielmo Laken, Ricardo Bedford, 
& Willielmo Staveley, maneria mea de Carleton Paynel, Irby, Worlyly &. Kyllyng- 
holm, cum advocacione ecclesioe de Irby, ac reversionem manerii de Casthorp 
[Castlethorpe, in the parish of Broughton]. Quod quidem manerium Maria, 
domina de Clynton, mater mea, tenet ad terminum vitas suse. Testibus Hamone 
Sutton, Willielmo Percy armigero, Thoma More, Thoma Chambr, & Ricardo 
Gunne. Dat. apud Carleton Paynel, 19 Nov., 29 Hen. vi. (Seal circular. 
Arms. — Argent, fretty sa., a chief sa. Crest. — A bull. Inscription.— Sigil — 
Redford militis.)" 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 119 

statues thereon, in brase, and has had their arms and inscriptions 
on formerly, but are now pull'd of. The arms of this knight and 
his lady is thus in the stonework : — 

1. — Two lion3 2. — A fret of six, 3. — Redford. . 

passant. and chief, impaling two 

[Strange.] [Redford.] lions passant. 

In the aforesayd little quire ly's the efBgies of judge Ander- 
son, curiously cut of alabaster, leaning his head on his arm, and 
holding a book in the other hand. Round about the monument 
are many inscriptions, which here follow. 

Sr. Edmund Anderson, Kt, Ld. Chief Jus. of y^ Common Pleas, had, by- 
Magdalen his wife, ye daughter of Nich. Smith, of Anables, in ye county of 
Hartford, esquire, to his 3d & youngest son Will., who lived part of his time at 
this town of Broughton, & dying here, lys buried in ye chancel of this church. 
Ye sayd Will, marry'd Joan, ye daughter of Henry Essex, of Lambourn, in ye 
county of Barks., esq., & had by her one onely son, Edmund, born at Redburn, 
in ye county of Hartford, August ye 1st, 1605, who also dyed at this place, ye 
19 of January, 1C60, haveing been promoted to the degree of Baronett, ye 11 
day of Decemb. before. In memory of whome this raon. was placed here, he 
haveing so order'd it to be in his last will & testament. 

In another oval table thus : 

Sr. Edm. Anderson, Barr*-. marry'd to his 1st wife, Mary, ye daughter of 
Tho. Wood, of Audfield, in ye county of York, Esq., & heiress to Barnay Wood, 
of Killenwyck Percy, in ye county of York, Esq. He had issue by her 7 sous 
& 3 daughters, Will., Edm., Jo., Edm., Franc, Charl., & Steph., Mary, Franc, & 
Susan. After his 1st wife deceased, who dyed at Carleton, in this county, 1636, 
& lyeth interred there, he marryd to his 2d wife, Sibilla, ye relict of Edw. 
Bellot, of Morton, in ye county of Chester, Esq., & daughter of Sr. Rowl. 
Egerton, of Fardingoe, in ye county of Northampt., Baronet, who survived him 
but few months, dying at this place, 1661, & lyes interred by his side in this 
burying place. 

In another oval thus : 

Sr. John Anderson, Baronit, 3d son to Sr. Edm. (his elder brothers dying 
before his father) succeeded to his father's dignity & estate. He was born at 
this place, December ye 23, 1628, & was marryed the 5 day of Nov., 1659, to his 
wife Eliz., ye daugh. of Hugh Snawsell, of Bilton, in ye Annesty of ye county 
of York, Esq., & by her had issue one son & 4 daughters, Edm., Eliz., Kath., 
Frances, & Mary. He dyed at this place, ye 18 day of March, 1670, & lyes 
interred in this burying place, which he built according as his father had 
ordered it to be. 

On the east end of this great monument on an oval table there 
thus : 

Here lys also interred ye body of Mary Wood, widdow to Tho. Wood, of 
Audfield, who dyed at this place, November ye 16, 1665. 

And likewise ye body of Frances, ye daughter of Will. Staresmoor, of 
Froulsworth, in the county of Leicester, who was ye 1st wife of Francis, ye 5th 
Bon of Sr. Edm. Anderson, buryed here Decerab. ye 20, 1667. 



120 THE DIARY OF 

The arms of the Woods was thus : 

On a bend engrailed 3 fleur-de-luces, with a ■wolf's head grinning, collor'd, 
for it's crest/ 

Over the door of this Httle quire is the bust of a young man, 

thus under-written : 

In memoriam Domini Edmundi Anderson, Baronetti, qui natus est Biltoni, 
in agro Ebor., 15 die Augusti, 1660. Obiit autera Londini, 17 die Septemb., 
1676, hocq in loco sepultus jacet (rosa immatura sic rudi carpitur manu). Mses- 
tissimus patruus Carolus Anderson hoc monumentum poni curavit, Anno Dom. 

Upon a great gravestone of Wack marble, in the midst of the 

chancel, is this following inscription : 

Here lyeth y^ body of Will. Anderson, youngest son of Sr. Edm. Anderson 
(who, by his first wife Jone, daughter to Henry Essex, of Lamburne, in ye 
county of Birks., Esq., had issue Edmund Anderson, now liveing, and by his 
second wife, Eliz., daughter of Sr. Tho. Darnes, two daughters, which dy'd 
young). He departed this life ye 2d day of August, Anno Dom. 1643, aged 62 
years. 

Upon a brass, in the midst of another black gravestone, is this 

following inscription : 

Here lyeth y" body of Katharin Anderson, y^ onely daughter of Stephan 
Anderson, of Broughton, in ye county of Lincoln, Esq., & of Katharin his wife, 
daughter to Sir Edwin Sandys, of Ombersley, in ye county of Worster, Knight, 
who dyed ye 25 of September, Anno Dni 1640." 

Upon another stone : 

Here lyeth y^ body of Mary, daughter of Edwin Anderson, Gent., and Mary 
his wife, who was buried May ye 31, Anno Dom. 1681." 

Upon an alabaster stone thus : 

Here lyeth ye body of Elizabeth, the onely daughter of Josias Morley & 
Elizabeth his wife, who departed this life ye 22 of May, Anno 1677. 

* The crest is now broken off. The following is an inscription yet remain- 
ing. — The Coate Armour of Barnabye Wood, op Killnwick, Esq., whose 
HEYRESS, Mary, was first wife to Sir Edmund Anderson. And opposite 
to it is this. [Arms, quarterly, 1 and 4, Anderson, 3 and 4, five stars of five 
points]. The coat armor of Sir Edmund Anderson, Knt., Ld- Chiefe 
Justice of the Common Pleas. 

' The following explanation of the 0xn (signifying 1678), appearing on 
the monument in Broughton Church, is from Mr. W. H. Black, F.S.A., of Mill 
Yard, London. 

" is a circle divided into quarters, and therefore containing a simple cross : 
it so becomes a monogram of 1666, constructed thus : — 

The circle with the upright or polar diameter represents CO, the old Roman 
numeral mark for M (Mille) ; while the two halves, or E and w sides, signify D 
and C respectively. The cross represents L, X, v, and i. All these elements, 
if used once only, make up mdclxvi. Add the Xll, then 1666 -|- 12 = 1678, 
two years after the man's death, in 1676 (q. e. d.), the date of the monument." 

» Tliis is now over the chantry door. 

" Now destroyed. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRTME. 121 

This Mr. Morley was steward to S""- Anderson, and has 

got a mighty estate under him. He Hves now at Redburn, in 
this county."" 

On an old gravestone, in the quire, in letters so old that I 
could scarce read them, is this inscription : 

Hie jacet Dom. Tho. Wats, quondam Rector hujus ecclesise, ciijus animae 
propitietur Deus. 

There is another gravestone or two written on, but they being 
modern, are so worn out, that I could not read them. 

There is a narrow black, or raither blew gravestone, with the 
superficies elevated, with a long cross thereon : and there I saw 
part of another also, which had a cross and a sword on, being a 
man of some millitary order. 

On one of the bells is written, in old text letters, this sentence: 

In MULTIS ANNI3 RESONET CAMP>NA JOHANNIS. 

from which it seems to appear that this bell is dedicated to St. 
John.-" On the other side is this : — 

Cum voco ad templum venite, 1669. 

This family of the Andersons is of no great antiquity. Judge 
Anderson's grandfather, from whom all those Anderson's are 
descended, was onely a miserly gripeing husbandman of Flix- 
burrow, in this part of the county, who had such good luck to 
scrape together as to make all his posterity great even unto this 
day.^ 

'" There were two families of Morley in tliia neighbourhood. The Morleys 
of Holme Hall, in the parish of Bottesford, who were distinctly in the. rank of the 
gentry, and the Morlcy.i of Winterton, who were somewhat less clearly so. 
There is no evidence, that I am at present aware of, which demonstrates the 
connection of the two ; but I have little doubt that the Winterton Morleys 
were a branch of tliose of Holme. Fragmentary pedigrees of both are in 
Peacock's Church Furniture. It is next to ceitain that Josias Morley was a 
cadet of one of them, but he is not named in either pedigree. 

' The bell inscribed In multis annis resonet campana Johannis was 
broken up and recast about two years ago. A bell with a similar legend yet 
exists at Scotton, near Kirton-in-Lindsey. 

y Our Diarist had been misinformed when he spoke thus contemptuously of 
Judge Anderson's father's family. I believe that record evidence could, if neces- 
sary, be produced to disprove it. The Andersons are believed to have come from 
the North of England. We first find them at Wrawby, afterwards at Flix- 
borough, near Burton Stather, where the moat, which once protected their 
mansion, is still picturesque with trees and flowering brushwood. Edmond 
Anderson, the judge who tried Queen Mary of Scotland, was the founder of the 
families now represented by the Earl of Yarborough and Sir Charles Henry John 
Anderson, of Lea Hall, baronet. The arms, as now borne, are : argent, a chev. 
between three crosses flory sable. On the Judge's seal, and others of later date, 
the charge is, a chev. between three crosses crosslet. 



122 THE DIARY OF 

Jan. 15. New money begins now to be pretty plentiful, and 
tbe country people have now left of thoir curseing and darning 
parlament, and begins on the other side to praise and commend 
them. 

Brigg, in this county, that I go so oft to, to see the newse, 
is a pretty large town : it has a good trade, there being no mar- 
ket-town of less than eight miles of of it. It seems not [to] be 
of any great antiquity. It stands in four parishes, and has no 
church nor chapel, so that it is plagued with dissenters. It's 
riffht name is Glenford Brier a/ from the consideration of which 
name it plainly appears either to have had its name and origin 
from one Glenford that built a bridge there, or else from a ford 
and a bridg over the river Ank (falsly called Ankam), which 
ford and bridg was in a shady vally, for so glen or glin signifiys 
in Welsh. 

The ground upon which the town stands seems to have been 
all washed thither from the neiorhbourino- hills, because that 
under it is a plain moor, as they do easily find when they digg 
wells ; and in the sayd moor, and in the commons round about 
the town, is found and digged up great quantity of wood, most of 
it oak, which shows that there was indeed a shady vally here 
formerly. 

Jan. 29. This day I was with one Mr. Dent," of Roxby, who 

^ The town of Glamf ord,Glanford, Glandford, or Glemford Bridge, commonly 
called Brigg, stands in the four parishes of Broughton, Scawby, Wravvby, and 
Bigby. Till about twenty years ago there was no church, but a very mean room was 
used for the services of the Church of England. A church has now been built, 
sufficiently large for the accommodation of the people, but in a style of archi- 
tecture, which, although we must call it Gothic, in no way reminds us of our 
ancient ecclesiastical edifices. As might be anticipated, the place is not in the 
Domesday Survey. It no doubt arose out of a collection of fishermen's huts 
around the ford of the Ank, or Ancholme. The first notice Mr. Peacock 
remembers seeing of it is a papal rescript of the time of Henry III., from which 
it appears that a hospital existed here, founded by the ancestors of Ralph Paynel. 
This hospital was subordinate to the Abbey of Selby. It seems that Ralph 
Paynel had complained to Pope Gregory IX. that the abbot and convent of 
Selby had converted to their own use this hospital. The pope therefore orders 
the Bishop of Lincoln (Grosseteste), and the dean and chancellor of the same 
church, to examine the case and do justice therein. It seems to have been 
decided that one of the bretliren of Selby should have custody of the hospital, 
and reside there, but that the revenues should be expended upon the poor only. 
— Monast. Anglic., vol. vi., p. 688. There is a notice of the chantry at Glaunford- 
Bridge in the Patent Roll, vii. Edward III., part i., no. 16 ; and of the Tolls at 
the bridge in that of Richard II., part i., no. 14. 

" Probably of the family who were sometime afterwards settled at Winter- 
ton ; of whom John Dent, of that place, who was born 25 June, 1703, and died 
in 1771, by laabella, daughter of Thomas Aldam, of Warmsworth, was father of 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 123 

tells me that he was about fifteen or sixteen years ago servant to 
one Mr. Van Akker, an Englishman, who haveing above 700^. 
per annum, travelled with him and his chaplain (one Mr. Broom, 
who has a liveing now somewhere by Dover), over all England, 
Wales, and Scotland, and into Holland, where this Van Akker 
dyd. He savs that the aforenamed chaplain writt every thing 
down that they saw in Engl[and], etc., in two larg vol. folio, 
which the aforesayd chaplain yet preserves by him in MSS. 

Feb. 7. I have found in an old bit of paper that there was a 
castle at Redburn,* in this county, and that when the Barron 
warrs was at an end, the lord of the manor pulld it down, and 
built the church of the town out of part of it, and a monastry 
out of the other part, and sold w^hat stones spared. 

Febr. 11. Being with one Mr. Jo[hn] Worsley yesternight, 
a learned and ingenious clergyman, wee had a great deal of dis- 
course about old things." 

He says that when that Gen[eral] Monk called a free parla- 
ment, in which was proposed the bringing in of K[ing] Ch[arlesJ 
the Second, that one Cornal King, parlament man for Grimsb}^,'' 
started up when he heard the motion made of bringing him in, 
and declared that tho' he was not against it, yet he would desire 
them that, considering they had all been in rebellion against 
him, they would take care to bring him in upon such and such 
articles, that he might not be able to hurt them. Upon this 
Gen[eral] Monk answer'd, that he should be brought in like a 
king, and not like a slave with his hands tyd ; upon which fol- 
lowed many warm disputes in the house, but it at last passed 
that he should be brought in so as the gen[eral] bad sayd. 

Jonathan Dent, of Winterton. The latter individual amassed very consider- 
able wealth, which he left to a son of his sister Catherine, wife of Robert 
Tricket, of Hill foot, near Sheffield, viz., Joseph Tricket, born 1 May, 1791, 
who, by royal license dated 11 Sep., 1834r, assumed the surname of Dent in lieu 
of Tricket, purchased the estate of Ribston, Yorkshire, and was High Sheriff of 
that county in 1847. — See Burke's Diet, of Landed Genti"ij, ed. 186S, p. 363. 

* Redburne. The statement about there having been a castle here and the 
church being built out of it is very doubtful. It is stated in the Monaxticon 
that Richard I. confirmed to the monks of Selby the church of St. Andrew, of 
Redburn, which had been given by Reginald de Crevequer, with the consent of 
Mary his wife, and that he also gave the town with forty acres of land. It 
remained a part of the possessions of the abbey until the fall of the religious 
houses. 

' It is believed that Mr. Worsley was an old member of the Royal Society. 

"^ Edward King was one of the members for Grimsby in the Parliament 
that met 25th April^ 1660. 



124 THE DIARY OF 

This King was afterwards, when the king was restored, taken np 
for these words, and sent to the Tower, where after sometimes 
imprisonment, he was set at liberty, [on] paying his fee or enter- 
ing penny, as they commonly call it, which always is 501. King 
would not pay this so great a sum, so that there was a great stir 
between him and the govern[ment], but at last they agreed to 
refer the thing to the famous or raither infamous Mr. Pryn, that 
was then in the Tower digesting all tbe records in order. So 
having gone to him he immediately answered that no prisoner 
should pay above fourpence for his entrance, and brought an old 
rect. and proved it. Upon this there were many hard words, but 
in fine, King got out by that means for nouo-ht, the governor 
biddmcr bun get him gone. 

This Pryn that I have here mentioned was the great rogue in 
Cromwell's days, and one of the very beginners of our civil 
warrs. When the king came over, the Privy Councel did not 
know what to do with this great man, nor how to keep him from 
plotting against the government, so therefore, the king (to keep 
him employed), made him keeper of the records in the Tower, 
and commanded him to digest them all in their propper order oi" 
time, Avhich he did, to the great ease of any that go's to search them. 
lie also made him search for many particular cases, on purpose 
to keep him imployd, knowing that it was almost impossible for 
him, who had been a plotter and rebell so long, [to keep] from 
plotting again, unless that he was so fully imployd otherwise that 
he could not have time to invent and hatch mischief. He writt 
his history of K[ing] J[ames], etc., in the Tower also, to which 
work he was instigated by a certain great man, for nothing 
but the reason aforesayd, and afterwards became a mighty stiff 
man for the king and the church, and writt a " Historical Vindica- 
tion of the Supream Ecclesiastical Com-t," and many things be- 
sides. 

The Winns (formerly called Gwins), lords of Appleby, Thorn- 
ton, etc., in this county, is but a family lately sprung up, tho' 
now they are dignifyd with knighthood.* George Win, in King 
James the First's days, was but a country gentleman, but 
reckon'd very rich by the gripeing methods that he used. He 
bought a great deal of land, and flourished mightily in Crom- 
wel's days. He bought Appleby of Stephen Anderson of Manby, 

' See pedigree of Winn {Hunter's Smith Yorkshire, ii., p. 216). George 
Winn, here mentioned, purchased Nostel, in Yorkshire, of his younger brother, 
Eowland Winn, an alderman of London, who had bought the estate of the 
Wolstenholms, 25 May, 1G54. He was created a baronet 3 December, 1G60. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRY3IE. 125 

who, being a great loyalist, was forced to sell the same to carry 
on bnsiness. The next of the name was Edmund Win, who was 
knighted in K[ingJ C[harles] the Second's days (or pretended 
to be so). He marryd to his second wife his maid servant, who 
was the daughter of one Jackson, a baker in Gainsbur, by 
whome he had two sons and three daughters. His first son. S"^- 
Rowland, came to his estate about a year ago. He owns Apple- 
by and Thornton, in Lincolnshire, and Nostell, and many more 
places in Yorkshire, to the whole valluo of about 3,5001. per 
annum. He is a mighty mad, proud, spark, exceeding gripeing 
and penurious, and a great oppressour of the poor.-^ 

1697. April 1. I was asking the dark of this town of 
Broughton, this day, if never anything observable of antiquity 
had been ever diggd up in this town ; to which he answered 
nothing that ever he observed or heard of, but onely he can re- 
member very well that, when he was a boy, he saw the then clerk 
digging a grave just under the communion table, and having 
opend a coffin theyfoimd askelliton, and, about the skull, an antient 
caul, which was a sort of cap or cornet that women wore for- 
merly on their heads, which caul was of massy leaves of gold, 
cm-iously embossd and flowered. He adds that the then minis- 
ter's wife got it (who was Mrs. Waterland), having given the dark 
something to hold his peace ; and he says that it was constantly 
reported that shee sold it at Gansburg for a great many pounds. 

" Scarburg Warning " is a proverb in many places of the north, 
signifying any sudden warning given upon any account. Some 
think it arose from the sudden comeing of an enemy against the 
castle there, and haveing dischai'gd a broad side, then commands 
them to surrender. Others think that the proverb had it's 
original from other things, but all varys. However, this is the 
true origin thereof. 

The town is a corporation town, and tho' it is very poor now 

■f Sir Rowland Winn died 16th Feb., 1721, and was succeeded by three 
other lineal descendants of the same name. Mrs. Cappe, of York, who has left 
many notices of the Winns in the memoirs of her own life, was accustomed to 
distinguish the four baronets of the name thus : — 

Old Sir Rowland, 
Good Sir Rowland, 
Profligate Sir Rowland, 
Unfortunate Sir Rowland. 

Mrs. Catherine Cappe was the daughter of the Rev. Jeremiah Harrison, by 
Sarah, daughter of Edmund Winn, Esq., of Ackton, second son of Sir Rowland 
Winn, the second baronet. — See Hunter's South Yarkshire, ii., p. 216. She 
died 27 July, 1821. 



126 THE DIARY OF 

to what it was formerly, yet it has a . . . . who is com- 
monly some poor man, they haveing no rich ones amongst them. 
About two days before Michilmass day the sayd .... 
being arrayed in his gown of state, he mounts upon horseback, 
and has his attendants with him, and the macebear[er] carrying 
the mace before him, with two fidlers and a base viol. Thus 
marching in state (as bigg as the lord mare of London), all along 
the shore side, they make many halts, and the cryer crys thus 
with a Strang sort of a singing voyce, high and Ioav, — 

Whay ! whay ! whay ! 
Pay your gavelage, ha ! 
Between this and Michaelmas day, 
Or you'll be fined, I say ! 

Then the fiddlers begins to dance, and caper, and plays, fit to 
make one burst with laughter that sees and hears them. Then 
they go on again, and crys as before, with the greatest majesty 
and gravity immaginable, none of this comical crew being seen 
as much as to smile all the time, when as spectators are almost 
bursten with laughino;. 

This is the true origin of the proverb, for this custome of 
gavelage is a certain tribute that every house pays to the . 

. when he is pleased to call for it, and he gives not above 
one day warning, and may call for it when he pleases. 

Capt[ain] Hatfield' was first of all in Lambert's regiment, 
but when the king came in, and all the old rebellious regiments 
broke, he got to be in Gen[eral] Monk's regiment, and Mr. 
Corn[elius] Lee was his cornet. 

S''- Corn[elius] Vermuden sold a great deal of the land in his 
lifetime. He sold the man [or] of Hatfield to S"^- Edw. Osburn, 
who sold the same to Mr. Gibbons, and he sold it to S""- Art[hur] 
Ingram. 

Mr. Corn[elius] Lee told me this as a most certain truth ; that 
Sir Phil[ip] Stapleton, who was Oliver Cromwell's great friend, 
went to .... to desire him to advance Mr. Cromwel to 
the honor of a lievetennant or captain's place, I have forgot 
whether, in his regiment, which thing he readily granted, and 

calling Mr. Cromwel in, the had a great deal of 

talk together, and sayd that he would grant him a commission 
for the place as soon as he had time. S'- Phil[ip] Stap[leton] 
came three times to the earl for his commission before he coidd 

«■ John Hatfield was a cornet in Sir Hugh Bethel's regiment of horse, 9th 
April, 1660. — The Remonstrance and Address of the Armies of England, Scot- 
land, and Ireland, to the Lord Monck, 4to, 1660, p. H ; see antea, p. 13. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME, 127 

get it. Says the earl to him the hist time, " S''- Phil[ip], I have 
not withheld this favour from you nor your friend on any ill will 
to either of you, but the first time I saw him, his presence made 
such an impression on my spirits that [I] cannot get shut of it, 
and I see by his face that if I advance him hee'U dim higher 
than us all, and be our ruin. I had the commission all this 
while written by me, and could not deliver the same before I 
declaird this ; and now, I being somewhat at ease, take it, and do 
what you will with it." S""- Phil[ip], having got it, gave it to 
Mr. 0. Cromwell, who gladly received the same. 

Wee have had a great many fast days every year since the 
king came in. They were, at first, every first Wednesday in a 
month as long as the king was away ; but they grew from little to 
little to be so neglected that nobody heeded them, almost every 
one went to their work and about their worldly concerns. The 
king's council and chief magistrates considering this, thought it 
not best to call the people to account for this, for fear it should 
inrage them ; therefore these fast days were appointed to be kept 
upon Sundays, tho' it is not handsom to fast on the day which 
has always been accounted a festival. Yet the necessity of affairs 
made it to be so. 

19. In the chancel of [Broughton] church, in the wood work 
thereof, is a coat of arms that I formerly overlooked, which is 
thus. (A rough drawing of a St. George s cross). 

21. This day I took my horse and went to see a place called 
Grainstrop, which lys in a hollow on the right hand, and about the 
middle way, as you come from Kirton, formerly called Chiric- 
town, to Scawby. Tradition says that the aforesayd Gainstrop 
was once a pretty large town, tho' now there is nothing of it 
standing but some of the fovmdations. Being upon the place I 
easily counted the foundations of about two hundred buildings, 
and beheld three streets very fare. About half a quarter of a 
mile from the sayd ruind town, on the left side of the way as you 
come from the aforesayd town of Kirton, just in the road, is a 
place called the Church Garth, and they say that the church 
which belonged to Gainstrop stood there, with several houses 
about the same, all which are now ruind and gone. 

Tradition says that that town was, in times of yore, exceeding 
infamous for robberys, and that nobody inhabited there but thieves ; 
and that the country haveing for a long while endur'd all their 
villanys, they at last, when they could suffer them no longer, 



128 THE DIARY OF 

riss with one consent, and pullcl the same down about their cars. 

But I fancy that the town has been eaien up with time, 
poverty, and pasturage. 'Tis true indeed that as this roade from 
Lincoln to Wintringhara was the onely great road in former 
times unto the north, and all those that travcl'd thither came here- 
on, so by reason of the great woods, which reach'd on both sides 
of the way from Scawby as farr as Appleby, there were so great 
robberys commited that travellers durst not pass but in whole 
caravans together : and in this our wood of Broughton was a 
place called Gyp or Gip-well, which was a huge great spring and 
hole in the earth, near to which place a company of rogues always 
had their rendizvouse, and those that they robb'd they carryd 
them thither, and, haveing ty'd them hand and foot, cast them 
therein, as is certainly related here by all the whole country 
round about. By this well grew several huge elm and willow 
trees, which was cutt down and cast therein, with several loads of 
earth and stones to fill the same up. Near the same also the 
thieves had several stone cabbins, and a stable for their horses, 
these were likewise cast into the said well, and so choked up the 
same that it is scarce now to be found. 

These great roberys were one of the causes that made this road, 
from Scawby northwards, to be neglected, so that Broughton, 
Apleby, Winterton, and Wintringham, that were great and pop- 
pulous towns formerly, and most of them had marckets, soon 
decay'd and came to nothing ; for travelors, that they might avoyd 
the aforesayd dangerous woods, went over at a ford in the river 
Ank, then called Glenford, and now Brigg, and, so passing along, 
they cross'd the Humber at Barton. 

While these roberys were thus frequent, no question but some 
thieves did live at the aforesayd place of Gainsthorp, but whether 
they might be the occasion of the ruin of it, or raither time, 
poverty, and pasturage, I shall not trouble myself to examin nor 
decide. 

April. There was a commission* lately at Louth ; amongst 
other dishes of meat that was brought up, there was towards the 
latter end thereof a tansey.' After they had eaten of this tansey 

* Commission. The Diarist means a meeting of the Commissioners of Sewers. 
Much about the Lindsey Commissioners of Sewers is to be found in Dugdale's 
Evxhanldng and Draining. 

» Tansey was commonly used in cookery among our forefathers. It will 
be remembered by readers of the Sprctato?- how beautiful the widow's 
hand and arm appeared to Sir Roger de Coverley, when she was helping him to 
some tansey (Spectator, No. 113). It has not quite gone out yet in some parts 
of the country, but its use is rare. Most of the older cookery books contain 
recipes for making tansies. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 129 

all the commissioners fell sick. Immediately some vomited, some 
pur(i:ed, some tainted, others were so gryp'd they did not know 
what to do, yet put as good face on everything as they could. 
After dinner their servants were call'd in, and being asked what 
sort of liquor they had drunk, and what sort of meat they had 
eatfii, they told them the very same that came from their table, 
only they did not eat any tansey, because there was meat enough 
besides, and they sayd they wei'e very well. Upon this they sent 
for their hostcs up, and asked her where shee got so much tansey 
grass this cold and backward year, to make her tansey so green 
as it was. Shee told them shee knew what they ment, and, beg- 
ging their pardons, told them that truly shee could not get any 
[thing] to make her tansey green, and that therefore, going into 
the garden, shee got a great handful of daftadilly leaves and stalks, 
and having brused them andsqueezd the juse out, it was with them 
that shee had coloured it green. So they concluded that it was 
them alone that had wrought such effects upon them. 

1697. May 1. This day I went to take a view of the country. 
Having passed through Brigg in our way towards Melton, we 
went by a great spring, famous in days of old, called St. Helen's 
Well.-'- ' ^ 

Being come to Melton, I could find little or nothino- observable 
there, it bemg but a little poor town. The church is such a one that 
it dos not deserve the name of one, neither is there coats of arms, 
monuments, nor epitaphs therein. There is a close over against 
the chuz'ch, on the south side, called the Hall close, from a great 
hall having formerly been there. Towards the north end of that 
close is a place which has been moated in, which perhaps has been 
some antient cell. 

From thence I went to Kennington, where I could find no- 
thing observable, nor any thing of antiquity. In the church, if I 
may give it so honourable a name, was only two or three recent 
coats of arms, the one being one Mr. Airy's, as we were told. 

From thence I went to Crowston, betwixt Melton and which 
place there are certain hills (as I am told), call'd Fort Hills, but 
I had not time to seek the same. There is a church, but not 
worth seeing. 

From thence I went to Ulsbee, now called Housby, which is 
a pretty large town. As you enter the same on the south side is 

-' Saint Helen's Well, so named after Helen, the mother of Constantine the 
Great. The water with which the town of Brigg is supplied comes from this 
spring. 

J 



130 THE DIARY OF 

a large tumulus, or bury, all hollow on the top, under which 
there has been some numbers slain in some battel that has been 
fought there. The church is pretty handsome and neat. In the 
quire, which belongs to the Appelyards, is a great deal of painted 
glass, and in the glass this coat of arms. \_Sable, five fusils in 
fess between three mullets pieixed or.~\ 

From thence I went to Thornton.'^ I was amazed to see the 
vast stupendious fragments of the buildings that have been there. 
There is all the gait-house yet standing, of a vast and incredi- 
ble biggness, and of the greatest art, ingenuity, and workman- 
ship, that ever I saw in my life. There is four or five images, 
standing in the front thereof, of excellent simitry and workman- 
ship, and upon every exalted or turrited stone in the battlements 
of the gatehouse, and on the top of the turrits, stands images, 
from the middle, of men with swords, shields, pole-axes, etc., in 
their hands, looking downwards ; and I was told that upon the 
battlements of the whole college, when it was standing, was in- 

* Thornton College, founded by William le Gross, Earl of Albemarle, 
aboiat 1139, for canons regular of the order of St. Augustin. After the sup- 
pression of the religious orders, the site of this monastery was reserved by 
Henry VIII., for the purpose of founding a college there to the honour of the 
Holy Trinity. This continued only till the second year of Edward VI. {3Ionast. 
Angl., vi., 325). On 13th June, second Edward VI., the site of the college, with 
the greater part of the precincts, along with divers other estates, in Thornton, 
Barrow, Goxhill, Hal ton, and Ulceby, were granted for a term of twenty-one 
years to Henry (Holbeche), bishop of Lincoln, for a rent of 44^. 95. 8^. : and by 
letters patent dated 3rd July, third Edward VI., the reversion of the same was 
granted to Robert Wode, of the Inner Temple, London, gent., from whom the 
said Henry, bishop of Lincoln, purchased the site in perpetuity. The above 
Henry " Holbeache, alias Henry Raiides, by the goodness of God, bishop of 
Lincoln," by his will dated 2nd August, 1551, disposed of this property to his 
wife, with remainder to his son, Thomas Randes. Thomas Randes, of the city 
of Lincoln, gentleman, sold the same, 1st September, 1575, to Sir Robert Tyr- 
whitt, of Kettleby, knight. In 1587, dame Elizabeth Tyrwhitt was in possession 
of the premises, and by feoff mcnt dated 24rth November, 1588, she conveyed the 
same to her grandson, Robert Tyrwhitt, the son of her son William. On the 
28th February, 1602. Robert Tyrwhitt sold the aforesaid to Sir Vincent Skinner, 
of the city of Westminster, Icnight. In 1720 the property passed from the 
Skinners, by purchase, to Sir Robert Sutton, of Kelham, in the county of Not- 
tingham, knight, from whose family, in 1792, the estate passed by sale to 
George Uppleby, esq., of Barrow, upon whose death, in 1816, it was again 
sold, and conveyed to Lord Yarborough. {Notes jpenes Mr. Peacock, by the 
late Mr. W. S. Heaelden. of Barton-npon-IIumher'). 

The figures which the diarist saw on the ramparts of the gateway have 
perished. There have been many views of the magnificent gateway of this 
house published. By far the best is a large engraving issued by subscription, 
by Mr. William Fowler, of Winterton, from a drawing by his son, Mr. Joseph 
Fowler, in the year 1818. The view of it in the ^^ Monasticon, " by a strange 
blunder, is attributed by the engraver to Thorneham, or Thornholme, an Augus- 
tinian house, in the parish of Appleby, in Lincolnshire, not one stone of which 
has remained upon another for many years. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 131 

numera1)le statues of tlie greatest ingenuity and workmanship 
imaginable, some in sha[)e of soldiers, others of astronomers 
others of carpenters, others of all trades and sciences,' so that 
looking np, the battlements of all the whole building seemed to 
be covered with armed men. There are abundance of images yet 
on various places of the gait house, of dogs, bulls, bears, foxes 
lions, etc. The passage all over a vast moat is of delicate work- 
manship and ingenuity, so that I cannot easy describe the same 

There is ther the hugest finest court that ever I saw in my life 
with two rows of trees on each side, on both sides of which trees 
is the ruins <>f vast buildings to be seen, and the like almost all 
over. At the north side is the fragments of the chappel, of 
mighty fine stone, and curious workmanship, which, by the arches 
that is now stand [ing], appears to be above half buried in the ground 
in its own ruins. The drainers that drained these levels of Ank, 
vidgo Ankham, fetch'd all the stone from this chappel that they 
built Ferry Since with,'" and, by a just judgment of God upon 
[them], for applying that to profane uses that had been given to 
God, the drainers were all undon, and the sluce, which cost many 
thousands of pounds building, is now coming down. 

Out of part of the old buildings is built a large but somewhat 
low hall, not farr of of the aforesayd chappel, which, with the 
whole estate, belongs to the Lady Skinner," who lives at London. 

There is a current story" that about one hundred years ago, as 
one was pulling down some of these old buildings, they dis- 
cover'd a little hollow room, which was a monk's cell, with the 
exact figure of [a] monk in all his cloaths, set before a little table, 

' This I had from tv2i6.\tion.—3Targi>ial note by Diarist. 

"» Ferry Sluice should perhaps be Ferriby Sluice. There is no sluice at 
Ferry, that is Kinard Ferry, in the parish of Ouston, in the Isle of Axholme. 
De la Pryme gives a different account in his history of VVinterton. Both state- 
ments may be true however. See Archceologia, XL. 

'» The Thornton College estate was purchased, in 1602, by Vincent Skynner, 
of the city of Westminster, esq., from Robert Tyrwhit, esq., of Kettleby. Skyn- 
ner, who was secretary to Lord Burleigh, was knighted at Theobalds, 7th May, 
1603, and was buried at St. Andrew's, Holborn, 29th February, 1615-16. He 
had represented in parliament Truro, Barnstaple, Boston, Boroughbridge, and 
Preston. His wife was Elizabeth, daughter of William Fowkes, of Enfield, and 
widow of Henry Middlemore, of that place. She died in 1633. The widow of 
Sir Vincent's grandson, Edward Skinner (who was Anne, daughter of Sir Wil- 
liam Wentworth, second brother to Thomas, earl of Strafford), was probably 
the " Lady Skinner " referred to in the text as being the owner of the college 
in 1697. She died 20th September, 1707, and was buried at Goxhill. The pro- 
perty now forms part of the estate of the Earl of Yarborough, of Brocklesby. 

Stukely tells this story about some one being found walled up here with 
a book and a candle, and it is repeated in Greentvood's Tour to Thornton Mon- 
astery, 1835, p. 26, only there we are told that the discovery was made in the 
last century. 



132 THE DIARY OF 

with an old parchment book before, and a pen and ink and paper, 
all which fell to ashes when they were shaked and touched. 

This has been the finest place that ever I saw in my life. If 
the gaithouse be thus neat, undoubtedly the building of the col- 
lege and the abby was one hundred times more excellent. 

From thence I went to Barton. Barton has been a very great 
and rich town formerly, but Hull, growing up, has robb'd it of all 
it's trade and riches. There are two delicat fine churches, in ex- 
cellent repair, the one dedicated to St. Peter (which church, and 
the chappel of All Saints, which formerly was in this town, but 
now is quite forgot, were given by Walter of Gant to Bardney 
Abbey in Lincolnshire), the other is dedicated to St. Mary, but, as 
I remember, they told me that the former is the mother church. 
In these two churches has formerly been a great many grave 
stones with brasses upon them, but they were pull'd of in Crom- 
well's days, when the organs also were pull'd down. There are a 
few brasses left. I had not the time to write all their inscriptions 
down, but onely this as the most observable. Upon a great black 
stone is the image of a monk in brass, treading on two barrels. 
He was not a monk, as appears from the inscription, but it was 
common for people that would to be buried in monks' habits, 
believeing there was such divine power therein the divels durst 
not touch them. The inscription'' is this : — 

In gratia et misericordid Dei hie jacet Simon Seaman, quondam civis et 
vintinarius Londonise, qui obiit 27 die mensis Augusti, anno Domini millessimo 
tricessimo tertio, cujus animEe et omnium fidelium def unctorum Deus propitietur. 
Amen. Amen. 

In a brass about his head this : 

Credo quod Redemptor mens vivit, et in novissimo die de terra surrecturus 
sum, et in carne meS, videbo Deum Salvatorem meum. 

There is a great many coats of arms, which, being fresh, I did 
not take down. On a long kind of a cornish between two pillars 
is drawn the coats of arms of all the kingdoms in the world 
which traded with this town, as the tradition says. There is the 
arms of Jerusalem with this inscription in old letters, 

EEX HiEKOSOLIMiE, ETC. 

Not farr of this town is a great old tree call'd St. Trunyon's 
tree, under which that St. had an altar and religious rights.' 

P The inscriptions in the churches here were printed in a history of Bar- 
ton, compiled (anonymously), from Mr. Heselden's notes, and published by 
Mr. Ball, bookseller, Barton-upon-Humber, about eight years ago. It is, I am 
informed, a carefully edited little book. 

9 St. Trunion. There was, half a century ago, at Barton, a spring, called 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 133 

The field of this town is reckoncl the biggest in all England but 
Godmanchester. It is a custome here, as it is at Godmanchester 
also, whenever a king come by, all the husbandmen wait upon 
or go's to meet him with their plows. 

_ There is smook money'' payd at this town, which is the same 
with the old Peter's pence. 

I will go visit all these things again some day, and take a 
more particular account of them. 

23. This day I was at Brigg, towards night, and meeting 
with a very ingenious countryman he tells me that but a while 
ago, he himself saw a huge ash tree cut in two, in the very heart 
of which was a toad, which dyd as soon as it got out. There was 
no place for it to get in, all was as firm about it as could be. I 
have heard of a great many toads that have been found so like- 
wise.'' 

1697. May 7. Mr. Castor, of this town of Broughton, sent me 
this day one of the finest and largest Comu Ammonis, as it came 
out of a larg round blew clay stone, that ever I saw in my life. 
It was found in the clay pit at the east end of this town. 

I was at the Visitation the other day, and there was nothing 
that I heard observable. There is a project come out for a lend- 
ing library in every deanery. I subscribed five shillings towards 
the first trial of it. 

I pay ten shillings a year towards the mantaineing of one 
Mr. Cleworth, at St. John's, at Cambridge, because he is a poor 
youth.' 

St, Trannian's Spring ; and in the open field a thorn, called St. Trannian's 
Tree. 

The Very Eeverend Dr. Rock suggests that St. Trannian may be St. Tron, a 
native of Brabant, who preached the faith in that province in the seventh cen- 
tury. He built a monastery there, which was called St. Tron's, or St. Truyen's. 
His death took place A.D. 693. — See Butler's Lives of the Saints, November 23. 

'■ Smoke Money. Smoke silver, or reek pennies, were paid to the vicar in 
many parishes in Lincolnshire, as a kinil of small tythe ; in lieu of tythe of fire 
wood, it has been thought. Jacob says that in 1444 the bishop of Lincoln 
issued his commission "Ad levandum le Smoke-farthings." 

* Stories of this kind have been common enough. 

' Thomas Cleworth, son of the Rev. Thomas Cleworth, of Hatfield, York- 
shire, baptized there 15th January, 1677-8 ; educated at Hatfield, under Garett ; 
admitted sizar for Wigley, 4th June, 169G, aged 18, under Mr. Nourse ; B.A. 
1699-1700 ; ordained deacon 21st September, 1701 ; priest 1st March, 1701-2, at 
York ; and then admitted to the vicarage of Campsal, co. York, on the nomin- 
ation of Colonel Lee. He died 22nd April, 1754, having been vicar fifty-two 
years. James Fretwell, a neighbour, in his diary, alluding to his death, says, 
that " He was universally respected, and that deservedly. He was a grave, 
sober, pious man, but not at all morose or cynical, but of a cheerful temper, 
and innocently pleasant in conversation." 



134 THE DIARY OF 

I pay 13d. a quarter to the king, for my head, according to 
the great tax, but I was not cess'd for any money, etc. 

Being this day near unto ThornhohTi moor, I was asking 
several okl men what was the names of such and such great hiils 
in that moor. When you [go] through our wood on the Roman 
highway, as soon as you enter through the gate on Thornhohn 
moor, the place round about is called Bratton-grave-hill. The 
vulgar says that there has been by that yate several people buried 
that have hano-ed themselves ; amoncrst which there was one 
which was called Bratton, but I suspect that there is something 
more than this in the antiquity of the name. 

About a half or rather quarter of a mile furder by the road are 
several hills called Gallow hills," which sound very ancient. 

A little furthur over against, and by a little house standing in 
Thornholm wood side, formerly called Sand Hall, are some hills 
called Averholms." On the south side of Thornholme, on the moor 
side, is two or three great hils, called Maut Hills. I have not at 
present my Saxon nor my Welsh dictionary by me, or else I 
would strive to find out the meanino; of them. There are several 
more parts of the same moor called by other name, but they are 
modern names. 

Yesterday, being a day of great thunder. Mad™'- Anderson 
told me that about three years ago the thunder fell upon their 
house, or raither hall, at Broughton where they live. Part of the 
liohtnino; flew in at a chamber window as a woman was shutting; 
the casement, and scorched all the length of one side of her 
arm, and felld her down and almost stifled her. At the same 
time it came down through the chimney into the kitchin, where 
the family was all set, and, rebounding from the ground, part of 
it flew in a huge flame betwixt some of the people out of the 
south window, without breaking a bitt of the glass or making 
any hole, and the other part flew to the north side of the kitchin, 
and so into a little room, and through the north window thereof, 
makeing a larg hole. For all this nobody was hurt in the house 
but the aforesayd woman servant. But there was so great a 
smook therein, and so great a smell of gunpowder or brimston, 
that they were almost choked. Some that saw this lightning- 
fall upon this hall compared it to a whole river of fire falling out 
of the air, and the hall scem'd to be totaly encompassed with 
flames. 

" That is gallows hills, -where the gallows stood in antient times, that be- 
longed to the priory. {Marginal note by Diarist'). This seems to shew that the 
Prior of Tliornholme had capital jurisdiction here. I am not, however, aware 
of any other evidence of this. 

" For Moot Hills, perhaps. — Vide Spelman. {DiariU.) 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 135 

_ 14. I was at Hatfield in Yorkshire last week with the Com- 
missioners of Sewers. Justice Simpson, of Babworth, in Noting- 
hamshire, being one,"" tokl me that either last year or this, I have 
forgot whether, as the workmen were digging very deep to lye 
the foundation of the steeple of Babworth Church, they found the 
skull of a monstrous giant, and some of the bones. The skull 
was almost two foot diamiter, in which were many teeth, but the 
w-orkmen casting several great stones upon the same, as they dig'd 
deeper, they broke it in pieces. But the justice, hearing thereof, 
made the stones be removed, and tho' that the skull was found all 
broke in pieces, yet they gathered up about eleven teeth, all 
which he gave away but three of the greatest, which he keeps by 
him, which are about three times as great as our's. 

16. This day I went to Redburn, formerly called Eetburn, as 
the ingenious Mr. Morlay tells me. This town was very much 
larger than it is now. Mr. Morlay tells me that within the 
memory of man there were above eighty farmers therein, whereas 
now there is not above thirty. It is pastureing that has undon 
it. There has been a larg castle there, with a great moat about 
it, the foundations of which is yet to see. As a man w^as dig- 
ging therein for stone, he found a silver cupp. This castle was 
pulf'd down towards the latter end of King John's days, and out 
of part of it was the church built which is now standing. The 
church is but little, yet was given to Selby Abby, in Yorkshire, 

in K[ing] Edw[ard] the Third's time, by as we 

find in the first vol. of the Monasticon. The church is very beau- 
tifull ; there ly's an old stone in the quier under an arch on the 
northside, with the figure of a man engraved thereon, with a short 
dagger in his hand, with this inscription by him.-" [Not in- 
serted]. 

" 11th May, 1697, court held at Hatfield, before Samuel Mellish, Henry 
Cooke, William Sympson, Thomas Lee, John Hatfeild, esquires, and others. 
This was William Simpson, of Sheffield, and afterwards of Babworth, Notts.— 
See pedigree, Hunter's South Yorkshire, i., p. 184. Genealogical notices in Hun- 
ter's Hallamshire, 234. 

' This monumental slab yet exists ; it is put up sideways, near the north 
wall of the chancel. An engraving of it was made by the late ilr. William 
Fowler, of Winterton — the last work that admirable artist ever executed. The 
inscription, in a bold black letter character, forms two lines on the right band 
of the figure. It runs thus : — Hic jacet dns gkraldus sothill miles qui 
OBiiT Anno d'ni mill'io cccc cuius anme miserere Deus. amen. The 
knight is clad in a complete suit of plate armour, girt with sword and dagger. 
His feet rest on a collared greyhound, which has a bell to its neck. He has a 
long drooping moustache, and wears a conical helmet, without visor. The head 
rests on a double cushion, supported by two angels. There were five Gerard 
Sothills. This one is probably that Sir Gerard who married a daughter of 
Sir Gerard Salvin.— ,1/;?., Queen's College, Oxford, F. 22, fol, 15. 



136 THE DIARY OF 

In Cromwell's days there was a great deal of painted glass in 
the windows of the north alley of this church, which the soldiers 
broke down with such fury that they broke also the stonework of 
the windows, and pulld of the sacred lead that covered that ally, 
and said that, seeing it was polluted and defiled by idolatrous 
images in the glass underneath, anybody might take it away, as 
they did, so that this ally fell to ruin, and was some years after 
totally pulled down, and the wall built under the arches of the 
great pillars. 

Out of the ruins also of the aforesayd castle was also built a 
large great house or hall, on the east of the castle close (which is 
eighteen or nineteen acres), which, I fancy, has been a religious 
house, a cell to the monastry of Selby, the markes of it being a 
religious house are these, the cherubim heads that are to to seen 
in many places in stone, and the heads of men in stone in many 
places. The shape of the hall like such a publick hall as we dine 
in in the Universitys, and several windows is to be seen like 
chappel windows. 

Of all heresys that ever were raised by the divel from Christ's 
days unto these, Quakerism is one of the boldest, and one that 
has made as great encrease, as I lately got a new book writt by 
De la Croese,^ a Calvinist, an impudent man, who, to palliate 
their heresy, defends their monstrous tenents to the seduceing of 
many iznstable souls, and who has writt as many lys almost as 
there is pages in the book, besides the impudent reflections he 
casts upon the glorious Church of England, the best and most 
pure church in the whole woidd. 

God be thank'd I have onely one family' of those damn'd 
he[re] ticks in my pavish. The woman is a great speaker, makes 
three or four sallys a year into the country, and has stayd out 
sometimes a month or two or three at a time, and never re- 
turned home with less than thirty or forty pounds in her pocket, 
which shee gets for the wages of her unrightiousness and 
heresy. 

This trick of the new coining of the money at such an unreason- 
able time, when we were, and yet are, engaged in a doubtfull 
warr against France, was most certainly a French trick, as I 
have been lately inform'd ; for, amongst the letters that were 

y Gerard Croese, a protestant minister of Amsterdam, born there, 1642 ; 
author of a History of the Quakers, 1695, octavo, in Latin, of which there exists 
an English translation. He also published " Homerus Hebrseus, sive Historia 
Hebrajorum ab Homero." 1704, octavo. He died in 1710, at a place near 
Dordrecht. 

= The Nainbys. — Marginal note by Diarist. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PKY.ME. 137 

intercepted and taken comeincr from France, when about the 
great plot was discovered, tliere was plain proofs thereof; in one 
of which letters was mentioned a saying of the French King, to 
this purpose. When he had heard that the design did go on in 
reforming our coin — " This is well (says he), if this do not set 
the English doggs together by the ears, the divel himself cannot 
do't." But tho' this work has plainly done the nation more 
liurt then all the warr and the taxes, yet, God be thank'd, we 
are pretty well content. 

19. The flowers of the lillys of the valley, which grow in 
vast quantitys in these Broughton woods, are now ripe and open. 
Here is come some men from Coronel Bierly's, that is above 
fifty miles of, to begg lieve to gather some. Others are come, 
some twenty, some thirty, some forty miles. There are at least 
gather'd in these woods yearly as many as is worth GOl. or 100/. ; 
for when they are dry'd they are commonly sold for seventeen, 
eighteen, and nineteen shillings a pound.'' 

29. This day being Saturday I made an inroad into the 
country to see and to examin what I could about the history and 
antiquitys thereof. 

In the first place I went to Normanby. It is but a small hamlet 
belonging to the L^' Mulgrave, who was made marquis of the 
same since this king came in. He has a very fine well built hall 
or pallace there, but it is not great nor very stately. It is of 
modern buildino-. 

From thence I went to Burton, which is a mile further. It is 
but a small town, for all it is a market town, and is of itself very 
poor. They have a little inconsiderable market there every 
Tuesday. It stands upon the very height of the hill, and has a 
mighty fine prospect all to the SW and WN. The church is 
built of rough stone, and lias nothing worth seeing in, there be- 
ing no monuments nor no epitaphs, tho' there has been consider- 
able men buryed there, as the late L"^- and Lady Mulgraves, and 
others. This church was, in times of popery, given with the 
tithes to Freston Priory, in this county, by Alan de Creun. At 
the east end of the quire, out of the same, ly's the body of one, 
who was in times of old, vicar of the church. There has been 
several brasses on the great stone, but they are now gone. With 

" There are great quantities of Lilies of the Valley in Broughton and 
Manby woods. People still come from a great distance to gather the flowers 
and take away their roots, which are medicinally valuable. 



138 THE DIARY OF 

much to do I made out these words, Orate pro anhna. In the 
chancel is the Marquess of Normanby's arms, thus, [shield blank"] 
with two bores, supporters of the crest, which is a blew bore's 
head upon a crown. 

Not farr from this town is two hills like butt hills, they say, 
for I did not see them, onely they are too farr one from another. 
They are called Spillo hills.' 

From thence I went all along upon the brink of the hill to 
Alkburrow, commonly called Aukburrow. By the wayside I 
saw a little buiTOw," very hollow in the middle. As soon as I 
came to the town I observed a four square trench encompassing 
many akers of land, which tho' it be old, yet it seems to be 
Roman, tho' it is but a small one.'' That which makes me believe 
that it is Roman, besides the squareness of it, is a tradition which 
the people has, that there is a passage under ground from it to 
Holton Bolls, which is a mile of, it being common with the 
Romans, and no nations else, to make passages under ground 
from their forts and camps to other places, to get aid and pro- 
visions into them the more secretly and safely in time of need. 
They say likewise that there has been digg'd up about the town 
several skellitons of men's bones, some of which were of a 
monstrous greatness. Below this hill, hard by the waterside, 
was built a strong little fort in Cromwell's days, which is since 
fall'n to decay. This town is certainly of greater antiquity than 
any town hereabouts ; Alkburrow signifying old town, and that 
there were several old burrows there, under which men were 
wont to be buried in time of warr. There is a pretty good 
church there, but no epitaphs nor monuments in it at present 
visible, because that the chancel, being fall'n, has buried all. 
However, these words are written on a great stone in the wall of 
the sayd chancel, now almost illegible : — • 

Richardus Bruto, nee non Menonius Hugo, 
Willelmus Trajo templum hoc lapidibus altum 
Condebant patria, gloria digna Deo. 

! 'tis a great shame and a skandall to see that chancel as it is. 
It belongs to one .... Denman, esq., to repair and keep 
in order, who has near lOOOZ. p[er] ann[um], and lives hard by, 
and is lord of the town. Yet to his eternal shame he takes no care 
thereof. 

* A place in this parish is still called Spihoe or Spelhoe. There are also 
two artificial mounds on the south side of Burton, on the declivity of the hill, 
which seem to have been butt hills. No special name is attached to these. 

' Called Lady, or Countess Burrow. — Marginal note by Diarist. 

<* Alkborough. There is a plan of the camp here in Stukely. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PliYME. 139 

From thence I went to Whitten/ The town is but a little 
inconsiderable town, as most of these Lincolnshire towns are. It 
is seated mighty advantagioiisly, liavitig the Humber running 
close by it. When I saw the town it })ut into my mind a song 
that I had heard of it, which ended at every verse thus : — 

At Whitten's town end, brave boys ! 

At Whitten's town end ! 
At every door 
There sits a . 

At Whitten's town end ' 

There is nothing worth seeing in the whole town. The present 
lord of it is one Mr. Pleadwcll, who lives at London, who got it by 
marrvinsi; the daughter of S"^ John Morton, who was lord thereof 
before. 

About twenty years ago was part of a great hall standing on 
the west side of the chiirch,^ in a cloase where the Mortons lived, 
but now onely part of the foundations appear. 

It is exceeding probable, and that not without some grounds 
in history also, that there was a time when that the Humber broke 
through the woulds into the now called Ouse and Trent, and 
drounded and sunk many hundreds of thousands of akers of land, 
which now lyes all on the west of it; and, besides, Ti'ent and Ouse 
falls about a mile west of this town at present (tho' I believe that 
formerly it fell even against this town) into Humber, and caused 
abundance of shipp wraks, and such like, which occasiond this 
common saying : — 

Between Trent-fall and Wliitten-ness 
Many are made widdows and fatherless. 

That which they now call the ness ly's about a mile from that 
place which they now call Trent-fall, which is against Foxlet-ness, 
in Yorkshire, Avhich answers almost over against Alkburrow. 

But, as I sayd, I do not believe that the Trent-fall was there 
first of all, but just over against this town, from which thing this 
town had it's name, for Wite, or Witen in Saxon signifys 
sorrow or sorrowfull, which answers to the afore going verses. 

The hill which sloped the Humber, which afterwards was 
broke through, ran from Whitten high hill or ridge very much 
north east, and so butted upon the Yorkshire woulds ; but, being 
worn through by long success of time, it was all carry'd away 
and layd all along the midst, and all the north side of the 

' Whitton is situate at the north-west extremity of the county of Lincoln, 
on a bold cliff overlooking the Humber. 

/ The present church is a modern structure, built about sixty years ago. 
Not a trace of the old one is left. 



140 THE DIARY OF 

Humber, where it lys to this day, for a mile in length in a great 
long bed, which is very dangerous for vessels that is not well 
acquainted with the river ; for commonly at low water the only 
channel which lys all on this side is not above twice twelve score 
yards over ; so that tho' the river be very broad here, yet that 
arises from the resistance to the tide that the reliques of this 
hill made, which caused it to overflow, and dround so much 
more on the Yorkshire side. 

The church of this town is but mean, and there [is] nothing 
worth seeing in it. The people has their seats full of straw to 
kneel on instead of basses. 

From thence I went to West Halton. This town tho' it bee but 
little now is nevertheless of great antiquity. It's parish is very 
large, which [is] also a good sign of its antiquity. The church 
is all now fain to ruins, but appears to have been very stately, 
magnificent, and larger than any one for a great many miles 
round about it. There are two great bells lyes buryed amongst 
the rubbish with these inscriptions upon the them .... 
and in the quire is a great stone with this epitaph on it^ . 

As you come to this town from Whitten there is two great 
burys, hollow on the top ; and in the town, on the north side of 
the church, is a huo;e hill called . . . hill, where has been 
formerly a great .... 

«■ Spaces are left for the insertion of these, but have not been filled up. 

'' The writer has entered in the Diary a copy of a brief that had been 
issued for the rebuilding of the church, which sets forth " that the parish church 
of West Halton, together with the steeple and bells, did immediately after 
a violent tempest fall down, so that there has not been any public worship or 
preaching therein for many years, save only in a little chancel, which is now also 
become so very ruinous that the minister's dwelling-house is the only place to 
which they (tlie inhabitants) can resort. That the charge of rebuilding the 
church, chancel, and steeple is computed at £840," etc. To this brief the 
Diarist has appended the following annotations. 

" Ye chancel is all pretty good and firm. It will want onely a little strength- 
ening and cementing together. This church at first cost, in all likelihood, some 
thousands of pounds building at first, there having been a great deal of ex- 
cellent good workmanship about it. Ye old material is very good and fresh, 
and will do good service. 

" Ye quakers are a mighty refractory people, and mighty backward to pay 
anything of dues to ye churches. Undoubtedly there will be but little money 
got for this good use from them. I remember that awhile ago I was with ye 
pious and learned Mr. Tho. Place, Winterton, who told me, that when he began 
at first to build and repair that church, that there met him suddenly in the street 
a grave old long-bearded quaker, who accosted Mr. Place thus : ' Thou Place, (says 
he) I have a message to thee from God, who commanded me to tell thee that 
thou must desist in going out this work of the devil, ye repairing of ye steeple- 
house of this town ! ' And then ye quaker stamped at him, and denounced 
several woes against him if he did go on. These unexpected words so frightened 
and surprised Mr. Place that his hair stood almost upon an end ; but having 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. ' 141 

When I was in the chancell I found tliat tlie town's chest 
was broke in pieces, and all the papers torn in small bitts by the 
birds, or else by some children. Three or four papers relating 
to the town's business, tho' of very small concern, I brought 
away with me, which I shall transcribe here, especially the 
most observable things in them.' 

About ten years ago almost all Castor in this county was l)urnt 
down. The houses were poor mean things before, but are very 
neat and handsome now, and it is observed that every town is 
betterd exceedingly by being purified by fire. 

Yesterday I was at Brigg with Doct[or] Smart, Mr. Jollence, 
and a gentleman call'd Mr. More,-^ who comes out of Derbishire. 
He says that about twenty years ago, as his father was digging 
very deep in Staley parish, near Chesterfield, in the said county, 
that they found the perfect skeliton of a man of a monstrous big- 
ness ; the head was able to hold two pecks of corn, and this 

considered thereof, he fell more hard to ye work than ever, haveing really taken 
this fellow to have been employed by ye divel to stop ye same." 

Among the political offenders of the seventeenth century the quakers of the 
day must be enumerated. They were concerned, more or less, with exceptions 
of course, in all the plots cf the time. It was their delight to abuse the minister 
in the pulpit, and the judge upon the bench. They were continually violating 
public order and decency in the grossest manner. They prophesied. They 
walked about the streets in the unadorned simplicity of our first parents. They 
howled and bellowed as if an evil spirit was within them. They professed to 
use earthly weapons as the sword of the Lord and of Gideon. Madness like 
this was of course intolerable. In 1664-5, at Beverley, John Thompson, of 
Hollin, yeoman, deposed before the justices that discoursing with Peter Johnson 
(a quaker) concerning tithes, the said Peter took the deponent, gript and shook 
him, and told him that tithes should quickly be put down, and if the Lord 
would put the sword into their hand they would fight the Lord's battle. Further, 
that on Sunday after Lammas day, 1663, Peter said to Mr. Henry Salley, minister 
of Hollin, as he was going to Kilnsey to preach, " Harry, art thou going to tell 
lies as thou hast done in Hollin? repent, repent, thy calamities draw near," 
which he often repeated. Thomas Slinger, vicar of Helmsley, being about to 
inter a corpse, was openly assaulted by a party of quakers, who tore both the 
surplice and the book of Common Prayer. It was one of their practises to enter 
churches with their hats on during divine service, and to rail openly and exclaim 
aloud against the ministers with reproachful words, calling them liars, deluders 
of the people, Baal's priests, etc. One instance of this kind may be related. 
Mr. Fothergill, vicar of Orton, one Sunday exchanged pulpits with Mr. Dalton, 
of Shap, who had but one eye. A quaker, stalking in as usual into the church 
of Orton, whilst Mr. Dalton was preaching, said " Come down, thou false 
Fothergill !" " Who told thee," says Mr. Dalton, " that my name was Fothergill." 
" The Spirit," quoth the quaker. " That spirit of thine is a lying spirit," says the 
other, " for it is well known that I am not Fothergill, but peed Dalton, of 
Shap." — Raine's Dejjositlons from York Castle, preface, etc. 

' " The Cargraver's account, 1626." " Money disbursed by Antony Wright, 
churchwarden, 1628." "A whole Cargraver's bill of disbursements, but there 
is no year named." 

J Forsan Jalland and Mower, 



142 THE DIARY OF 

gentleman says that he has by him now one of the teeth that was 
then taken out of the skull, which weighs four pound nine ounces,* 
and that whieli is most strange is that this skelliton was in an 
erect or standing posture. 

25. I was at Barton yesterday with one Mijn Heer Peter Van 
Schelsbroot, an ingenious young Dutchman. 

Hard by the church of St in Barton, towards 

the north side, stands part of an old building which has been a 
chantery, called chantry house to this day. There is a famous 
well at Barton which is called S*^- Catharin's well, which had the 
image of that S'- well cut in white marble standing by it, within 
the memory of several men now liveing, but it was all broke in 
pieces in Cromwclfs time. There is a well in Barton Fields, that 
always rises and falls with the river Ank, now called Ankam, 
tho' the well is two or three yards perpendicular above the river, 
it being on the top of the would. 

This day I was at a place called Kell Well,' near Aukbnrrow, 
where I got a great many pretty stones, being a kind of the 
astroites or starr-stones. There is many of them also at Whitten, 
on the cliifs, and in Coalby beck. The country people have a 
Strang name for them, and call them kestles and postles, which 
somewhat sounds like Christ and his Apostles.'" 

Mr. Tho[mas] Place, of Winterton, is a very ingenious 
publick spirited man." He spends his time in building, repairing, 

* These are the figures stated in the diary, but it is difficult to imagine the 
writer gravely giving credit to the statement. If the story be not a joke, it is 
probable that they were the remains of an elephant. The bones of that animal 
have frequently been mistaken for human relics. 

' Kell Well is a bubbling spring, which runs out from between the layers 
of Lias rock on the western face of the hill, near the Trent, between Burton- 
Stather and Alkborough. Keld, Keal, or Kell, is a common name for wells. 

"■ The Diarist's explanation seems to be a fanciful one. The stones he 
speaks of are fragments of the arms of Pentacrinites. 

« The name of sucli a man deserves all the perpetuity that can be given to 
it. In De la Pryme's History of Winterton, co. Lincoln, published by Mr. 
Peacock in vol. XL. of the Archceologia, he alludes to the miserable condition 
of the church of that parish after the civil wars, when so many suiiered. "This 
particularly of this town was," he says, " through ye same, in such a state of 
decay that, for many years after ye Restoration, there was scarce either a bit of 
glass in ye windows, or of lead upon ye roof, or any good timber about it. _ It 
lay almost open to all storms, so that if either rain or snow fell ye congregation 
were sure to su2er thereby. Thus it continued, until that Mr. Tho. Place, a 
most worthy gentleman of ye said town, and general promoter of everything 
that is great and good, begun to commiserate its sorrowful condition and repair 
ye same, which he so effectually promoted and performed, that in a few years 
all its breaches and cranies were mended, its roof most of it cover'd with new 
timber and lead, its windows new glaz'd, its floors new layd, its old seats turn'd 
into oak pews, its walls beautifyd, its bells new cast, and its yard made level, 
handsome and neat, and most of this at his own proper costs and charges, so 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME, 143 

and beautifviiio- of cluirches, and most of this at his own cost. 
There is a must exet-lleiit project corned in his head of building a 
chappel at Brigg, because that that town being larg, farr from 
their churches, and having in it all sorts of sectarys, becomes 
by that means a seminary for all suchlike cattel the whole county 
over. To stop all this, and to quell them, he is resolved to pro- 
mote all he is able the erecting of a chappel" in the same ; and 
that the sectarvs may not, as they commonly do, call us hier- 
linss, he is fjr havino; the whole nei^hbourino; clero;y to preach 
there every Sunday gratis, which no one refuses, and seeing that 
the Bish[op] of York has erected several weekly lectures on the 
market days in many schismatic towns in Yorkshire, as at Ponte- 
fract, etc., so he is for having one to be here also, at which I have 
promised to preach twice a month, besides as oft as the Sunday 
preaching comes in my course. 

Mr. Place being a layman is much envy'd by lay gentlemen 

that it is now one of ye most beautiful churches in y^ country." There are 
many rich men of our own day to whom it may be said " Go and do likewise." 

The Winterton Register contains several notices of this family. 

1599. The 25 of December was .... Place buried. 

1601. December the 7 daye, was Henrye Place beried. 

1613. Isabell, the daughter of Will'm Place and Elizabeth his wife, May 
the 24th (bap.) 

16U. (?) William Place, September the 5th (bur.) 

1616. Jone, ye daughter of Will'm Place and Elizabeth his wife, April 14th 
bapd (buried April 23). 

1617. Thomas Place, the sonne of Will'm and Elizabeth his wife, was bap- 
tised August decimo die. 

1618. Mary, daughter of Thomas Place, gent, and Elizabeth his wife, No- 
vember 5 (bap.), [buried March 1st, 1620]. 

1622. Thomas, the son of Thomas and Elizabeth Place his wife, July 30 
(bap.) 

1624. Thomas Place was buried Desemb. 23. 

\_There is a break in the Parish Register from 1639 to 1681]. 

1683. Mrs. Mary Place, wid., was bur. August ye tenth. 

1691. Mary, daughter to William Place, gent, and ffines his wife, was bapt. 
April ye twenty first. 

1691. Thomas Place, gent, was bur. July ye twenty third. 

1693. Thomas, son to William Place, gent, and ffines his wife, was bapt. 
July ye sixth. 

1695. William, son to William Place, gent, and ffines his wife, was bapt, 
November ye eight. 

1697. John, son to William Place, gent, and ffines his wife, was bapt. 
September ye fifteenth. 

1703. Mrs. ffinis Place was buried April the sixth. 

1720. Thomas Place, gent, was buried July the eighteenth. 

[This is probably the gentleman whom the Diarist mentions]. 

1728. Mr. William Place bur'd November ye second. 

» It is stated in Allen's Lincolnshire, vol. ii., p. 224, without any authority 
being given, that the chapel at Brigg was founded by four gentlemen, whose 
names are not told us, in 1699. 



144 THE DIARY OF 

for these good deeds, therefore he has got Mr. Sye, Mr. Har- 
grave, and myself, who are pubHck spirited clergymen, to pro- 
mote openly the design, and he liimselt" will do all for it that he 
can underhand. 

Wee was to have had a private meeting about it this day 
at Mr. Sy's, at Wintringham, but Mr. Place, happening to be 
not well, could not come, so our design was let fall. I had 
sent a letter to Mr. Brown, schoolmaster of Brigg(now preferred 
to three liveings in Ireland by the Bishop of Clohar), to desire his 
company, but he was pre-engaged, and so writt unto me. 

Mr. Baldwin, who was born at Doncaster, told me that about 
twenty-six years ago, in his time, there was a new window built 
in the church there, and that the cement to join the stone together 
was made of quick lime, ale, and tan water. He says that the 
whole in ale and tan water came to fifteen pound. 

There is lately cast upon the shores of Yorkshire, in Holder- 
ness, vast quantitys of a mineral, exactly like bismuth or tin glass, 
many hundred cart loads. Some believes it to be silver oar. I 
have sent for some to try what it is. I hear that they are trying 
it in many places. They used to sell it at first for Is. a bushel, 
but now they have raised it to three. 

I was with one Mr. Kidson, of Barton, yesterday, who has 
been in many countrys. He says that, when he was last at 
Amsterdam, he chanc'd to meet with a great merchant in that 
citty with whom he was acquainted, and going to the coffy-house, 
the merchant began to tell him what he was going to do with his 
son. " In the first place," says he, " I will place him for a year 
or two with a wine-cooper in this citty, to teach him thoroughly 
the excellency of wine vessels and tuns, for there is non in the 
world have so good as them made at Amsterdam. Then," says 
he, " I'll send him some more years to London to learn of the 
English the art of makeing of wines, for," says he, " there is 
none in the world like unto the English for that. They'l take 
a small vessel of wine worth about 51., and they'l make it im- 
mediately worth 50^. ; whereas we useing the same art in Amster- 
dam cannot give it so lively a flavour and so natural colors. 
Most wines," he says, " cannot be drunk unless they be thus diluted 
and sophisticated." Doct[or] Merrel has writt a whole book of 
the mistery of Vintners.^ 

P In a previous part of the diary De la Pryme says he had heard it certainly 
related some years ago "that there was a man at York that made artificial wine 
so pure and natural like that nobody could discover it from the best wine that 
comes from beyond sea." 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 145 

In King Charles the Second's time there eame over an am- 
bassador from Muscovy. Killeorevv^ went one morning to his 
lodgings to complement him, and j)ay him a visit. After a few 
ceremonys was past, the ambassador calls for his morning's 
draught, which was soon brfmght, to wit, a huge quart glass of 
brandy, and a great paperfull of pepper, a handfull of which he put 
into the glass, and haveing stir'd it well in, he drank it of to Kille- 
grew ([who] was the king of drinkers in them days), saying 
" this is the Kins of England's irood health." Killeo;i'ew look'd 
at him as if he would have look'd through, and was mighty 
loath to take such a drench next his heart, yet not knowing how 
to deny it, be took it off. The ambassador was for drinking 
several more such healths, but Killcgrew (with a great deal of 
sorrow and shame), declined them, and takeing his leave he went 
to the kino;, swearino- that ho thouoht the divel and bell itself 
was in it : he had got a morning's draught that almost burnt him 
in pieces, and having told the whole story to the king, he laught 
heartily at him, 

July 24. Wee had a Bishop's Visitation'' on the 21st of this 
month at Gainsburg, and on the 24th I went to wait upon his 
lordship at Barton. Somebody told the bishop of the staitli- 
ness of the remaining buildings of Thornton College, upon which 
he went to see the same, and stood amazed with the august 
appearance thereof, he having never in all his life seen any build- 
ing more curious and finer wrought than it. S""- . . . . 
Skinner,' that pull'd the college down, built a most staitly hall 
out of the same, on the west side of the abby plot within the 
moat, which hall, when it was finished, fell quite down to the 
bare ground without any visible cause, and broke in pieces all 
the rich furniture that was therein. Then S''- Edm[und] Win, 
seeing no building would thrive there, he caused all the stone to 
[be] fetched away, and built a most delicate hall at Thornton 
town, but that prospered not neither, so that there is now onely 
a few of the lower walls to be seen thereon. After that . . . 
Skinner built another hall out of part of the stones that the other 
was built of, which hall now stands on the east side of the court 

1 Tom Killigrew, the famous wit, about whom so many stories are told. 
He died at Whitehall in 1GS2. 

'■ He gives the following extract, " Out of ye church book of Broughton, 
anno 1540 or thereabouts. At ye Visitation :.t Spittle :— A quart and a half of 
claret wine, Is. 3d. ; 3 quart of sack, 2s. ; half a quart more, 4d. ; one pound 
of sope, 3d. ; spent in ale upon St. Hew's day, 2d." 

James Gardiner, S.T.P., was Bishop of Lincoln at this time. He was con- 
secrated March 10th, 1094, and died March 1st, 1704.— Xe Neve, p. 143. 

* Sir Vincent Skinner.— See antea, pp. 130-131. Nute. 
K 



146 THE DIARY OF 

of the abby, and is all built on arches of some of the old building. 
We observed the place of the huge portcullice, which was in the 
gait house of this abby, etc. 

28. Haveing been in Yorkshire this last week, I mett with 
diverse learned and ingenious gentlemen, who told me a great 
many observable things. 

It was upon Hanson's house at Hale's Hill, in Woodhouse,' 

' Hatfield Woodhouse, near which place, in the centre of the great Hatfield 
turf -moor, were formerly about sixty acres of land, known by the name of Lind- 
holme. " It is a prevalent opinion," says Hunter (S.Y., i., 196), "that here 
once dwelt some extraordinary personage who is known by no other name than 
that of William of Lindholme ; a species of Prospero, one who was in league 
with infernal spirits, and who was endued with strength far surpassing the ordi- 
nary strength of man. Two immense boulder- stones called the 'thumb-stone ' 
and the ' little-finger-stone,' are supposed to have been brought hither by hi m,'" etc. 
Amongst the many traditionary stories related concerning him is one to the effect 
that, when he was a boy, his parents went to Wroot feast, and left him to keep 
the sparrows from the corn or hemp seed. The account is that he drove all the 
sparrows into a barn, which was then being built, and still unroofed, and con- 
fined them there by placing a harrow against the door. After he had done this, 
William followed his parents to Wroot ; and when scolded for so doing, he said 
he had fastened up all the sparrows in a bam, and where they found them on 
their return in the evening, one version says, all dead, except a few which were 
turned white. Since this transaction it is said that no sparrows were ever seen 
at Lindholme. Probably the setting of the waggon in the text refers to the 
story, as above, of placing a harrow against the barn door. — See more of William 
of Lindholme in Hunter ; and in Stonehouse's Jsle of Axholme, p. 393. 

The following verses on the Hermit, William of Lindholme, are by the 
Eevd. Abraham de la Pryme, F.R.S., our Diarist : — 

Within an humble lonesome cell 
He free from care and noise does dwell. 
No pomp, no pride, no cui'sed strife. 
Disturbs the quiet of his life. 
A truss or two of straw's his bed. 
His arras, the pillow for his head. 
His hunger makes his bread go down, 
Altho' it be both stale and brown. 
A purling brook that runs hard by 
Affords him drink when'eer he's dry, 
In short, a garden and a spring, 
Does all life's necessai'ies bring. 
AVhat is't the foolish world calls poor. 
He has enough ; he needs no more. 
No anxious thoughts corrode his breast. 
No passions interrupt his rest, 
No chilling fear, no hot desire, 
Freezes or sets his blood on fire. 
No tempest is engeniler'd there, 
AU does serene and calm appear. 
And 'tis his comfort when alone. 
Seeing no ill, to think of none. 
And spends each moment of his breath 
In preparations for his death. 
He patiently expects his doom, 
When fate shall order it to come. 
He sees the winged lightning lly 
Through the tempestuouc angry sky, 
And unconcerned its thunder hears. 
Who knows no guilt can feel no fears. 

See Gentleman'' s Magazine, vol. xvii, p. 23, 1747. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 147 

that S"- W[illiam] a' Lindholni set his wao-on. One Hanson 
lived there then. Look and see when the Hansons h"ved, and 
then you may find perhaps when W[iIIiam] a' L[indhoIme] lived. 

Near Gaiibur Hall," a mile beyond Barnsley, there is a great 
coal pitt which is on fire, and has burn[ed] many years. 

There is a most delicate fine freestone at Brodsworth,"" but so 
porose, tho' not visible, that, troughs being made of it, it will let 
the water run out for a year or two before that the pores are 
filled up with the sediment and sand carryd in the water. 

The ingenious Mr. Place told me that, about ten years ago, 
when he was at London, he was well acquainted with one Mr. 
Kettlewell, a learned and ingenious barrister-at-kiw, wlio chanced 
to dy when he was there. When he perceived that he had but 
a small time to live he made his will, disposed of eveiy thing, 
and sent for half a dozen fiddlers, two base viols, and other 
musick, and made them stand round about his bed, and play the 
most sweetly that ever they could, and charg'd them to phiy there 
till he was dead and an houer after, which thing thev accordingly 
perform'd. He dyed that night, after that they had played a 
whole day before him; and when his will came to be look'd at,"" it 
was found there that they were to continue playing before him 
night and day untill that the time came for him to be bury'd, and 
that then also they should play him even to the church porcli. 

Aug. 10. Mr. Place, of Winterton, being four miles from 
Humber, and two or three from any river, digging very lately 
for a well, found the ground undigged before, and at five yards 
deep came to the root, or stratum, or layer, or shell of stone, that 

" Gawber-hall, in Bargh (Galbergh) occurs in the inquisition of Alice de 
Lund, in 32 Edward I. It was the estate of a family named Dodworth, after- 
wards of Jenkinson, Barber and Sitwell. — Himtcr's S.Y., ii., p. 378. 

" Near Doncaster. {See Bunte)-'s S.Y.,i., p. Sli). The estate at the con- 
quest was given to Roger de Busli. It passed through the Darels, and Went- 
worths, to the family of the Earl of Kinnoul, of whom was Dr. Robert 
Drummond, Archbishop of York, who died in 1777. By the sale of it by Robert, 
ninth Earl of Kinnoul, the Archbishop's eldest son, to Peter Thellusson, a 
London merchant, it was one of the places which, Hunter observes, became a 
name familiar in the courts at Westminster, under the extraordinary provisions 
of that gentleman's will, the particulars relating to which he supplies. The 
testator's eldest son, Peter Isaac Thellusson, was created Baron Rendlesham, of 
the Kingdom of Ireland, in 1806. From Charles, the third son, is descended 
C. S. A. Thellusson, Esq., born 6th Feb., 1322, who, within the last few years, 
has built an entirely new mansion at Brodsworth, and has greatly improved the 
village. This gentleman served the office of High Sheriff of Yorkshire in 1866. 

"" Colonel Chester, to whom I am greatly indebted for many other similar 
acts of kindness, has most obligingly made a careful search for this will in Lon- 
don, from 1680 to 1697, but without meeting with it. 



148 THE DIARY OF 

is all over this country. Upon it they found a great old-fiishioned 
pot ear, and in the stone, which they were forced to cut through, 
the[y] found several pieces of wood somewhat heavy, but not 
petrifyd, which cracked and broke in pieces when it came to be 
dry. He gave me a larg piece in the stone, and takeing some of 
it we put it in water and it swum. 

Upon the top of the great ridg of the flying sand hills as you 
go from Santon to Burton market, in Santon parish, has been a 
great treasure of old copper coins hid ; they have frequently been 
found there by whole handfulls, but are all so eaten away that 
nothing can be observed upon them. There was in tlie sayd 
sands, not long since, a fine wrought cross found, also of copper, 
about a foot and a half long, etc. 

Sept. The churches of Burton and Butterwic were given to 
Freston Priory in Lincolnshire by Alan de Creun. Frodingham 
belonged to Birstal Priory, Messingham, Cletham, Scotter, 
Scotten, etc., to S*^ Peter's in Peterburg."' 

I hear that the sea formerly came up over all the marshes to 
Lincoln citty side, and that the parish of 8*^ Botulp's was once 
fined for not keeping the sea-dike banks in repair. There is 
reckords of this to bee seen in the aforesayd church. 

The Trent, before that the Humber broke it's way into it, all 
ran by Lincoln over those marshes into the sea. There has, in 
the citty of Lincoln, been found great stathes and huge piles 
stuck down into the earth. There was, not many years ago, an 
old boat found very deep, as they were digging a well, with hewn 
stone in it, sunk perhaps in the Roman time, when they were 
bringing stone to bnild their collony here. There has also been 
found many scaled fish wholy petryfyd. 

^ Our Diarist has been led far astray here by the similarity of the names of 
places in the County of Lincoln. He thinks he is writing of Burton-upon- 
Stather, and East or West Buttcrvvick in the Isle of Axholme, but the places he 
is really telling us of are Baston in Kesteven, and Butterwick near Boston. The 
Charter of Alan de Creoun and Muriel his wife to the priory of St. Guthlac 
of Croyland is given at length in the Monasticoti, vol. ii., p. 120. By a typo- 
graphical error Baston is printed Burton in the charter, but is given rightly in 
the Minister's Account, p. 125. Frieston was a cell to Croyland, and these 
properties were given "in perpetuum ad victum et ad vestimenta monachorum 
qui servient Deo in ecclesiti sancti Jacobi Frestonite." 

Frodingham belonged to Revesby Abbey. — Monast. Anglic, v., p. 456. 

The Rectory of Messingham belonged to the Augustinian Abbey of Thorn- 
holme. — Monast. AntuHc, vi. p. 357. 

Cleatham, Scotter, Scotton, •' et tres partes de Messingham," were in the 
abbot of Peterborough's iee.— Chron. Petrihurgense, ed. Stapleton, p. 153, et 
passim. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 149 

Not far off of the Roman street that runs by Hibberstow, in 
Hihberstow Fields, appears to have been the foundations of many 
buildings. Tradition says that there has been an old citty there. 
] asked all ways that I could imagine to know the name thereof, 
but they could not tell me. Not farr from it is a place where tradi- 
tion says stood a great castle belonging to this citty. I then 
asked if there was any old coins found there, and they answer'd 
some few Romans. I then asked if there was any springs hard 
by, and they answered that there was two ; the one called Castle 
Town spring, and the other called Jenny-Stanny well,^ perhaps 
Julius's Stony well. This was undoubtedly some Roman town, 
because that it is so near the Roman street, etc. 

There is a famous spring at Kerton, called Diana's head.' 

This coat of arms is in Wintringham church: — 

Or, a cross of St. George vert. Hussey, a knight family." 

I am told that at Lindwood, in Lincolnshire, by Marcket Rasin, 
ly's buried the famous civil laywer, Lindwood, under a fair 
monument.* 

16. There is a great teacher amongst the quakers, who has 
for this last two months made it his business to go from meeting 
to meeting prophesying unto them that the day of judgement 
was to be on the six|_th] day of this month, but this sixth day 
is over, and the quaker proves to be a lyar and deciever. 

1 was with Mr. Holms, min[ister] of Wrawby, yesterday. 
He tells as a most certain truth that about thirty-seven years ago 
he lived at Giggleswick (as I remember in Yorkshire, where the 
great school is), at which time one Mr. Lyster was min[ister] of 
the town. There was a quaker there, who was revelation mad, 
whome the spirit moved mightily to go to the church to repre- 
hend the congregation. Accordingly, upon a fine clear Sunday, 

y Jenny Scanny Well. This is at a farm in the parish of Hibuldstowe, now 
called Staniwells. 

2 No well called Diana's Head is now known at Kirton-in-Lindsey. There 
are several bubbling springs tliere. One is called White Well ; another Otchen 
Well ; and a third Esli or Ash Well. iMention has been met with of this last in a 
record of the early part of the sixteenth century. 

" Hussey, Dorsetshire, Hador, Gowthorp, and Linwood, co. Lincoln ; and 
of Wiltshire, or a cross vert. — Burke's Armoury. 

* Lyndwode, Bishop of St. David's, the canonist, was born at Linwood. in 
Lincolnshire, but not buried there. Of his birth-place there cannot be a doubt ; 
he says in his will, " Lego ecclesiaj de Lyndewode, ubi natus sum, antiphonarium 
meum minus de tribus." There can be no reasonable doubt but that he was 
buried at Westminster. He provides by his will "corpus meum sepelien- 
dum in capella Sancti Stephani apud Westmonasterium ubi munus consecra- 
tionis accepi." 



150 THE DIARY OF 

the quaker doffs him stark naked, and takeing a burning candle 
in his hand he goes to the church, and as he entered into the 
churchyard on the one side, a gentleman of the town hapened by 
chance to enter in on the other side, Avho was amazed to see 
him in such a state: who, cahing him by his name, sayd, " N., 
where are you going ?" "I am going (says he), to the house of 
Baal." " What house is that ?" sayd he : " That great house," 
says he, "whether thou art going." "Why so?" sayd lie: 
" The spirit of God, speaking within me, commanded me to do so, 
to reprehend that conjurer Lister." " Did the spirit bid thee go 
this day to reprehend the preacher Mr. Lister at this church to- 
day?" " Yea verily," sayd he, " the spirit did." " Well, well, 
fy for shame, N.," says he, " the spirit of delusion is in thee ; it is 
the divel that leads and decieves ; this day Mr. Lister dos not 
preach here, but one Rogers, therefore you may see how you are 
deluded ; go, go home and be wiser," etc. These words so 
wrought upon the quaker that he went home much ashamed." 

This Mr. Homes was at London the year K[ing] W[illiam] 
came in. He says that, towards the latter end of the first parla- 
ment, the House of Commons had the ini])udence to pretend to 
meddle with the holy things of the church, and would needs have 
the cross in baptism, the surpless, and the use of the ring in mar- 
riage made indifferent things, so that people that would have them 
might, and those that would not might not ; but the House of 
Lords, tho' they argued long upon the bill, yet at last they cast 
it out of the house. 

The House of Commons are commonly a company of irreli- 
gious wretches who cares not what they do, nor what becomes 
of the church and religious things, if they can but get their 
hawkes, hounds, and whoi'es, and the sacred possessions of the 
church. It is plainly visible that the nation would be happier if 
that there was no House of Commons, but onely a House of 
Lords, who yet, nevertheless, should not have so much poAver as 
they have, but should be onely the eyes of the country, and of the 
council of the king, who should also be bound by his coronation 
oath never to yield to any chang of the fixed ecclesiastic govern- 
ment, etc., for we commonly see that whatever mischief has been 
Avrought in the nation has been carry d on and back'd by the 
House of Commons, etc., who valines the weal politic above the 
ecclesiastic, and their own worldly ends above their salvation. 

<= See a similar anecdote in Canon Raine's preface to Depositions from Yorh 
Castle, Surtees Socicti/'s Pdblications, vol. xxiii. Referred to a«^c(7-, p. 141. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 



151 



I have heard it from very many ministers and old people that 
the sacraments of baptism and the L^'^ supper was so little re- 
garded in Cromwel's time that they were in many towns and 
places quite left of. In many towns the L^'^ supper was not 
administered for ten or fifteen years together, and people, I mean, 
especially the presbiterians and indipendants, did not take any 
care to get their children baptized : so that quakorism and ana- 
baptism spread mightily. Mr. Homes says that he has baptized 
since he came to Wrawby sometimes three, sometimes four, and 
sometimes more, altogether on one Sunday, who were at men's 
(or very near) estate, and that those were the sons of the afore- 
named sects and not of the quakers. I have heard a great 
many relations of the same in other places. 

23. I was this day with a gentleman that saw a larg piece of 
gold coin as bigg as a Jacobus, lately found at Riby in this 
county. He says that it was a Roman coin, and was such pure 
gold that [it] bended any way as easily as if it had been a thin 
plate of lead. 

There is a pretty school-house at Brigg, but not very well 
situate, nor very well contrived ; it was built and endowed by 
one S""- John Nelthrop after his death.'' 

These Nelthorps (of which there is several in this country), 
[are] descended all from one Tho[mas] Nelthorp, who was taylor 
to Queen Elizabeth, who got a great estate under her, and pur- 
chased several houses in Hull, and several manors in this county. 

I was at Authorp,' by Trentside, yesterday. The church is 

^ The Grammar School at Brigg was founded by Sir John Nelthorpe, the 
first baronet (created 10th May, 1666), son and heir of Richard Nelthorpe of 
Scawby, by his wife Ursula, daughter of Martin Gravenor, of Messingham. Over 
the school house door are the arms of the founder. Argent, on a pale sable a 
sword erect of the first, pommel and hilt or. Beneath them is the following 
inscription : — 

Johannes Nelthorpe Barttus 

scholam hanc 

ex insigni pietate 

propeiis sumptibus iedificavit 

et annuali subsidio donavit 

in perpetuum. 

MDCLXXIIIl. 

A good three-quarter length portrait of the founder is in the master's drawing- 
room. 

T^e diarist has recorded "a true copy of so much of the aforesayd br. John 
Nelthorp's will, as relates to the aforesayd school," dated 11th Sept. 20 Car. 2, 
1669, in which the testator is described of Grays Inn, co. Middlesex, (pp. 326- 
329, MS. Diary). 

« Althorpe. 



152 THE DIARY OF 

well built of squared stone. On the west side of the steeple are 
these coats of arms : — 

[1. — Neville. [2. — Neville, quartering Benu- [3. — Mowbray, a lion rampant ; 
A saltire.] champ, and Newmarch, five impaling Newmarch, five 

fusils in fess.] fusils in fess.] 

with a bull's head for the crest over the second. On the south 
side is emboss'd on two great stones a ram with one foot touch- 
ing the end of a great tun or barrel, with an old I and B over 
them. This perhaps the simbol of some gentleman's name. B 
perhaps stands for Bernard or Benjamin, and the ram and tun 
joyned together makes Ramton. I have read of such a surname, 
but what their arms are I cannot tell. 

The chancel seems to have been built since the church. Over 
the arch of the east window is the coat of arms-^ of a lion rampant, 
and over that, instead of a cros at the sumit of the gable end, is a 
great stone crown, old fashon'd. 

At the termination of the cornish, on one side of the sayd 
window, is the bust or germ of a king with a crown on and 
short curld hair, and a long broad beard. On the other side is 
a bish[op] with his miter on, and a croisar staff in one hand, 
and the other held up in the form of blessing. 

On the south side of the chancel, under the termination of 
the comish of the three great windows there, there is under the 
1st the bust of a venerable old man, with a cap on like a hat 
crown, with short curld hair and divided beard, and somewhat 
like a collar of SSS. about his neck. On the other side is the 
bust of a beautiful lady, his wife undoubtedly, in a Strang old 
kind of head dress. Under the second window a bishop with 
his miter, etc., as before, and on the other side a man with a hat 
crown cap on, without a beard, with a book in his hands. 

On the termination of the stone of the third window an old 
man's bust with a Strang capp on, tyd under the chin, falling 
down like Danish capps, on the left side of the head, and on the 
other side [a] woman's bust with the aforesayd Strang head dress 
on, onely a little moi'e waved and gimp'd.^ 

There is nothing worth seeing in the church, there being 
neither monuments nor good seats therein. 

Oct. 13. On the 13th of this month of Octob[er], I made a 
journey to Grimsby, to see that old town, and to hnd what I 

/ " Is ye armes of ye lord Mowbray who built this chancel," — Marginal 
Note by Diarist. 

s These arms and figures are given in woodcuts in Stonehouse's Isle of 
Axholme, pp. 366 and 367. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PUYME. loS 

could observable about the same. In my passage thither I went 
throw Brigg, Bigby, Ri^"*}'? ^"f^ Ailsby, in which towns I found 
nothing memorable"' untill I came to Great Coats, in which there 
seems to have been an old religious house all built of brick. It 
has turrits like the old buildings, and somewhat in the walls of 
the gaithouse, which seems to have been nitches for images, 
tho' now bricked up. It is encompass'd also with a great moat. 
I could not get time to see the church, which look'd spatious, it 
being late. From thence I went over a wath,'' which tradition 
says^vas formerly a great river, running through the haven by 
Grimsby, and so into Humber, which river carryd large coal 
vessels as far as Ailsby. From thence I went to Ivittle Coats, 
about which are many "^foundations of buildings. From thence to 
Grimsby.' Grimsby is at present but a little poor town, not a 
quarter so great as heretofore. The old marqet place is lost, and 
that where they now keep it is in the midst of a street. There is 
scarce a good house in the whole town, but a larg brick one, 
which Mi\ Moor, their parlament man, has lately built. The 
church, which is now standing, [is] the old great monastry 
church belonging to the monastry that then was in Harry the 
Eighth's days. It is a noble larg building of great bigness, built 
in form of a minster, but it all falls to decay, the whole town 
being not able to keep it in repair, they being so poor, and it so 

A Wath is a proviucial name for a ford throughout the whole of the North 

country. 

• Great Grimsby, now a place of considerable note, under the wealth and 
activity brought to bear upon it by the improvement of its harbour and the 
introduction of its railways, is doubtless one of high antiquity also. It is situ- 
ated near to the mouth of the Humber, about forty miles north-westward from 
Lincoln. Tradition ascribes its foundation or chief advancement to a fisherman 
named Gryme, who came originally from Souldburg, and engaged in a very 
lucrative traffic with Norway, Sweden, and Denmark. The numerous artificial 
hills in the marshes adjoining the present town proclaim the spot to have been 
a station of consequence amongst the ancient Britons ; and to these, more pro- 
bably, the origin of the name may be attributed. Works of this character are 
pretty generally ascribed to a power that is superhuman, and by some have 
been not unfrequently regarded as the works of the devil. This shews their 
extreme antiquity. Grim denotes blackness, and also the look which inspires 
terror Grim's-by, the residence of the devil ; Grim's-thorpe {villa diaholi), the 
village of the devil ; Grim's-dyke, the devil's ditch or dyke ; Grim's-shaw, the 
devil's wood ; etc., have all their same apparent origin from this belief. The 
arms borne by some of the families, whose surname begins with Grim, may be 
said to savour of this idea, such as Grimshaw and Grimsditch, which both con- 
tain the griffin or drat^on, emblematical, it may be, of the old serpent.— See Rev. 
Dr. Gatty's edition of Hunter's Hallamshire, pp. 24, 26, 396, who there refers 
to what Mr. Oliver has written on the origin of the name of Grimsby ; and to 
Kotei and Queries, first series, vols. iv. and v., for a full discussion as to the 
origin and meaning of the word Grim. 



154 THE DIARY OF 

larg. It costs some of the house-holders 5^. a year yearly to- 
wards it. It hangs very plainly towards the north, as if it 
would fall that way. There are several old inscriptions and 
monuments in it, but so dirty'd and defac'd that I could 
not read them. From thence 1 went to a great spot of ground 
called the old church-yard, where tradition says that the 
town's church stood, which is reported to have been bigger than 
the monastry church, tho' now there is not as much as a stone to 
be seen. 'Tis said that the town made an exchang of it for the 
monastry church with him that had got the same in IIar[ry] the 
Eighth's days, because that the monastry church stood more con- 
veniently in the heart of the town, and so that thereupon the 
said town's chiu'chwas puU'd down and sold, and the mon[astry] 
church preserved. Yet, for all that, the minister of the town pays 
synodal, procurations, etc., for the town church, as much as if it 
was standing. There was in this town one great abbey bordering 
upon the minster, with two frierys, one of white and another of 
grey, and a nunnery besides, and a larg chantery, all hard by 
this minster, so that it seems to have been built for them all. 
Over the nunnery gate, which is the onely part almost now stand- 

ino-, I observed a coat of arms of three boar heads, with a 

bend betwixt them. A little way out of the town there was 
another pretty larg abbey, out of which, when it was pull'd down, 
the owner built a very larg stately farm-house, like a great hall, 
which remained untill within the memory of man ; at which time 
there was plainly seen to come a great sheet of fire from ovit of 
Holderness, over the Humber, and to light upon which abbey- 
house, as they called it, which burnt it all down to the bare 
ground, with the men in it, and all the corn stacks and buildings 
about it. The shipmen in the road, and many more observed 
this sheet of fire to come thus, as I have related. About fa] 
quarter of a mile from the town eastward is to be seen the ruins 
of a larg hermitage, where was in the memory of man a fine 
orchard, with excellent fruit in it. 

This town was very great and rich formerly, by its hav- 
ing a larg spacious haven which brought great trafic to the 
town ; but the haven growing worse and worse for this two or 
three hundred years together, the town decayed more and more, 
and came to that poverty in which it is. Three things may 
be assign'd to its decay. First, the destruction of the haven, 
which was in former times a fine larg river, and carryd large 
vessels as fiirr as Ailsby, as I have sayd before. That which 
destroy 'd it was the Humber's wearing away the huge cliff at 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 155 

Cleythorp/ and bringing it and casting it all into Grimsby haven 
or river, and all along Grimsby coast on the north, so that the river 
was not onely fill'd thereby, but also a huge bay on the north side 
of the town, which came almost close to the town side, in which 
shipps did formerly ride with the greatest eas and advantage to 
the town imaginable. This bay being thus fill'd up, and made 
common for almost two miles broad, from the town's end to the 
Humber, the mayor and aldermen petitiond Queen Eliz[abeth] 
to bestow this new land for ever upon them and the town, which 
she did. 

I was at Cleythorpto examin about this notion, and 1 observed 
how the sea washed the cliff away, which is nothing but clay and 
sand, and is as high as a church steeple ; huge pieces is under- 
mined and brought down every great tide as bigg as whole 
churches together, and the people of the place says that they 
have, by tradition, that there has been several miles length of land 
wash'd away, and people have been forced to pull down their 
houses and build them again furder off. 

I observed in the clifit' how confusedly the layers of earth lay, 
sometimes sand uppermost, sometimes clay, sometimes a mixture, 
etc., but no stone amongst them. 

The second thing which has caused the decreas of Brimsby 
[Grimsby] was the destruction of the religious houses there, 
which, whereever they were, made a town always rich and popu- 
lous by their promoting of all sorts of trades, arts, and sciences ; 
and then again, they were a means for the fishing trade to be 
caryyd gi'eatly on, because they consumed a great deal of fish. 

The third thing which occasiond it's decay was the rise of 
Hull, which having first of all priviledges and advantages above 
other towns, and a fine haven to boot, robbed them all not onely 
of all their traflEic, but also of all their chief tradesmen, which were 
sent for and encourag'd to live there. 

But now there is a publick spirited parlament man there, one 
of a noble soul, who is contriving by all means to make the town 
great again. He has for this two or three years last been lying 
a new since, and dioraing ttie haven (which now tho' diofo-ed not 
over ten yards broad at the top), to bring vessels to the townside 
ao;ain. But I told them their haven would never do unless that 



-' The village of Cleethorpe, though a separate constablewick, is a hamlet 
to the neighbouring parish of Clee. It is distant about two miles and a half 
south eastward from Grimsby. Originally a fishing hamlet, it has, from its 
convenience for bathing, of late years become the resort of much company 
during the Summer. 



15G THE DIARY OF 

they make a huge stath at the aforesaycl cliff to keep it from 
wearino- away, etc. He is also promoting the fishery upon the 
Humber mouth for the advantage of Grimsby, and there are vast 
subscriptions already gotton towards the same ; some have sub- 
scribed 100^., some 1200/., and others even 2000/. a piece*; and 
five larc;e fishing vessels are a building at Stockwith and other 
places for the town. He is also establishing the woollen manu- 
facture there, and has already sent down out of Oxfordshire a 
ruo-cr and coverlet maker, and has given him wool, and his new 
house three years, rent free. 

As you go down by the haven to the Humber, there is on 
your right hand three hills cast up, with moats about them, 
called Blockhouse hills, made to defend the haven. 

I observed in a close of Mr. King's, a butcher and ale-keeper, 
who was formerly a town's 'prentice, but now one of the alder- 
men of the corporation, I observed there, I say, Engl[ish] beens, 
with stalks three yards high, others ten foot high. 

Haveing seen and learnt all at this town that I could, I re- 
turned back by Limbur, and so to Brocklesby, to the Lady 
Pellham's.' The town is but little and mean, and nothing obser- 
vable in it but three things, the great quantity of fine wood that 
is planted and improved about the same, which is not onely ex- 
ceeding pleasant, but will also be of vast advantage to the owners. 
The next thing is the church, which is little, but pretty neat. 
The steeple is spired, and built upon two arches, one to the west- 
wards, and the other to the eastwards, within the church, with a 
wall in the middle, with a window in it, the whole thus : — 

IRII . , , 

The bell strings hangs within the east arch in the church. In 

* "These subsc[riptions] in geTi[eral] are towards ye Royal fishery of 
Engl[and] but in partic[ular] likewise ior this town." — Marginal Note by 
Diarist. 

' Brocklesby is situate about eight miles north by east from Caistor, and 
about the same distance westward from Grimsby. This place, for a great num- 
ber of years, was the seat of the Pelhams, of which family the last male de- 
scendant was Charles Pelham, esq., on whose death, in 17G3, the extensive and 
beautiful estate came into the possession of his great nephew, Charles Anderson 
esq., a descendant of a female branch of the Pelham family, whose name and 
arms he then assumed. In 1791, he was elevated to the peerage as baron 
Yarborough, of Yarborough, co. Lincoln, and died in 1823. His eldest son Charles, 
D.C.L. F.R.S., &c., born 8th August, 1781, was created earl of Yarborough and 
baron Worsley, in 1837, and died 5th September, 1846, leaving issue, by his 
wife Henrietta Anna Maria Charlotte, second daughter of the Hon. John Bridge- 
man Simpson, Charles Anderson Worsley, second earl (the late father of the pre- 
sent earl of Yarborough, of Brocklesby), Dudley Worsley Pelham, capt. R.N., now 
deceased, and Charlotte, married to Sir Joseph William Copley, bart., of Sprot- 
borough near Doncaster, one of the members of this Society. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PIIYME. 157 

the church are many curious and excellent monuments of the 
Pellhams, whose inscriptioTis Mr. Skinner, a gentlemtm there, 
has promised to send me. There is the most painted o;lass in the 
windows that ever I say [saw], with the images of the apostles 
therein, one speaking one article and another another article of 
the Creed, it heing believed formerly that every one at a couucill 
at Jerusalem utter'd an article thereof. 

The third thing here observ[able] is the seat of the Pellhams, 
formerly knights, tho' now the heir thereof, who is about twenty 
years of age, is onely an esq[uire], whose incom yearly is 
about 4000Z. The hall is a very fine stately building, built in 
the year 1G03, when the Pelhams first came into this country 
out [of] Kent as I remember (where there is a knightly family 
of the same name). The hall is leaded upon the top, and most 
excellently furnished with all manner of rich goods and ])ictures 
within, of excellent painting. 

There is two carved chimney pieces of wood, of the finest 
workmanship that ever I saw. One represents Diogenes in his 
tub, speaking to Alexander, with trees, landscips, etc. ; all the 
sayd work with those verses in golden letters underneath. 

Here is also very fine gardens, with groves, pleasure houses, 
etc., and all manner of fruit. 

Not farr from this towMi was a place called ISTewsom,'" where 
formerly stood a famous priory with several houses about it, but 
now there is not as much as one stone above another to be seen, 
all be pulled down and squanderd, and brought to lay the foun- 
dation of the aforesayd hall. 

From thence I came home, observing nothing further worthy 
of note. 

17. Not far from Limbur is a town called Kealby, or Keelby, 
where there is, as they say, a double church, with a huge chan- 
cel, and several things observable about the same, but I did not 
hear thereof till I had got home. 

"• Newhouse, Newhus, or Newsome, the first monastry of the Premonstra- 
tensian order in England, was founded by Peter de Golsa circa 1043. It was de- 
dicated to the honour of the Blessed Virgin Mary and St Martial, not St Michael, 
as has sometimes been erroneously affirmed. St. Martial was one of the first 
preachers of the gospel in France. He was the first Bishop of Limoges (see 
Acta Sanctorum, vol v., June, p. 535 573. St. Amaber, Vie de S. Martial de 
Limoges aputre des Gaules, Clermont 1676, 2 vols fol., Limoges 1683 and 1685). 
The foundacion Charter and some other records of this house are printed in the 
Monasticon, vol. vii., p. 865. A register of this house is believed to be in the 
possession of the Earl of Yarborough. 



158 THE DIARY OF 

At Berlings," five miles of this side Lincoln, was in antient 
times a famous monastiy. Tlie church was left standing, but 
with all the lead of and the bells gone, which church [is] now 
standing, tho' in rubbish. Yet in the same is several monuments 
and inscriptions to be observed, as I heard this day. 

When all the minsters or cathedralls and collegiate churches 
should have been pulled down in Cromwell's days, there were 
some very busy for getting a grant of Lincoln minster ; which, 
when one Capt[ain] Pert," parlament men for Lincoln, knew, 
he went to Cromwell and told him that, if the minster was pulld 
down, Lincoln would soon be one of the worst towns in the 
county, and made it so plainly out that Cromwell told him it 
should not be touched, so it was preserved. Yet this same Pert 
got great part of the bishop's lands, and upon some in the citty 

" Barlings or Oxeney, a Premonstratensian House dedicated to the Blessed 
Virgin, founded in 1154. A register of this house, imperfect at the beginning and 
the end, is in the Cotton collection, Faustina B., i. Monast. Aiigl., vii. 915. 

" Original Peart, concerning whom Mr. Ross, of Lincoln, before mentioned, 
has made the following obliging communication. 

" I could like myself to have possessed some particulars of the ancestry 
and early career of the prominent actor in the municipal drama at Lincoln 
during the periods preceding and following that of the Commonwealth, but, 
from the defect of the records of our Corporation (the interval between 1638 
and 1661 being a blank), I have been able to collect nothing worth giving to you. 

"He was a member of two parliaments, 1654-1656 ; at the first, along with 
Alderman William Marshall, and at the second, with Humphrey Walcot, the 
latter being then a resident of Lincoln. 

" The two Marshalls, Robert and William, of great civic power at this unset- 
tled period, were hot parliamentarians, and were both displaced at the Restora- 
tion. 

" In 1640 Original Peart was sherifE along with Richard Wetherall, and, 
during their sherivalty, the King, on his return from Scotland after the treaty of 
Ripon, passed through Lincoln. He appears to have met with an unaccorded 
reception by the citizens : but it is said (see a small history of Lincoln pub- 
lished in 1817). that the sovereign was met about two miles north of the city, 
viz : at Burton Wall, by Mr. SherifE Peart. The then Mayor, Robert Beck (being 
a well known parliamentarian, as is proved by his dismissal along with the two 
Marshalls), appears to have observed a silent and inactive deportment on this 
occasion. 

"In 1650 Peart was chosen Mayor, but I can give you no particulars of his 
mayoralty. 

" In 1686 Original Peart (perhaps the same) was appointed Town Clerk or 
"clericus communitatis civ. Line," which office he appears to have held till 
1705, when Francis Harvey was chosen. 

"I have some notices of Original Peart's descendants, but I am at this time 
unable to find them. One Robert Peart (not improbably a son of Original), 
was one of the chamberlains in 1655, and again in 1659, and died during his 
last tenure of the office. This vacancy gave rise to a dispute between the mayor 
John Leach, and the members of the common council, each party claiming the 
exclusive right of appointing the successor. The mayor submitted. 

"An unmarried daughter of Original Peart died in 1751, aged 72, as may be 
seen on one of the pavement-slabs in the Church of St. Mary-le-Wigford." 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 15D 

of Lincoln built a delicate fine house, whidi cost him about 900/., 
out of which ho was soon turned when the bishop was restab- 
lished in K[ing] C[harles] the Second's return. 

All those, all England over, that had layd hands on those 
lauds were all turned out of the same when the king returned. 

Our newse says that the presbiterians in Scotland has lately 
caused " The Whole Duty of Man" to be burnt by the common 
hangsman, and with it Whiston's "New Theory of the Earth." 

I told them at Grimsby that it was no wonder that their town 
and trade was so decayd, and that they were so poor, seeing that 
they were all guilty of the horrible sin of sacrilege, as appeared 
by the great quantitys of religious stone that is in the walls of 
almost every house. 

There is a ftimily of the Tully's about Grimsby, which has 
800/. a year, but it is spending and flying now as fast as ever it 
can, great part of which were religious land. 

I was this day with a bookseller at Brigg, who was appren- 
tice to one who printed that scurrilous pamplet against Sherlock 
intitled the " Weesels," (the author of which was Durfee).'' He 
says that [he] is certain that his master got about 800/. by it. 
He says that Durfee was forced to write an answer to it which he 
entitled the " Weesel Trapped." 

The lord or steward of this mannour of Broughton formerly 
had every year over and above their rents, Is. of every one for 
their swine going in the woods to feed, tho' there be no acorns. 
He had also a capon of every husbandry, and a hen of a whole 
cottagry, and a chicken of a half cottagry ; and in hay time every 
one that had a cottagry went a whole day to make hay for him 
in Grime cloas, and those that had half cottagrys' went onely one 
day, and the husbandry went with their draughts to fetch it 
home and load it ; and in lieu of all this they all had a great din- 
ner at Christmas at the lord or steward's house. This is plain 
villanage, and was but lately left off". Yet to this day some of 
the chief husbandry fetches their coals and wood. 

16. Rhodes, the bookseller that bought the coppys of the 
"Turkish Spy," and that printed them, has got a great estate by 

p Thomas Durfey, the notorious libeller and scribbler. 

1 This hen rent was a very common tax in the middle ages. Our ancient 
records often make mention of it. Norden and Thorpe, in their survey of the 
manor of Kirton-in-Lindsey in 1616, say that at Winterton there was paid to 
the lord of the manor of Kirton " vjd rent for six hens payable at the feaste 
of Christe's nativitie, and iiijd per ann. for warne of lande." M.S. Public Lib, 
Cambr., Ff 4-30, fol. 66. b. 



160 THE DIAKY OF 

them. He was hut a poor man before, and is become now very 
rich. 

This day I received a letter from the ingenious Mr. Skinner/ 
from Brocklesby Hall, contaiuino- the inscriptions that are in the 
the church there. 

On the south^ wall of the church, excellently cut out of marble 
and alabaster, is a glorious tomb of S""- William Pelham and his 
lady and children, all represented kneeling; under which monu- 
ment in golden letters is written the words : — 

Hie jacet Gulielmus Pelham, miles, in juventute sua apud Scotos, Gallos, 
et Vngaros ob militiam celeberrimus ; in provectiore setate apud Hibernos regni 
pr^efectus, apud Belgas exercitus mariscallus munitionis bellicre sub augustiss : 
Principe Eegina Elizabetha Promagister. In uxorem duxit Duminam Elean- 
oram Henrici Comitis Westmerlandise filiam, quEe hie simul sepulta jacet. De 
ea tres filios totidemq. filias genuit, e quibus tres adhuc sunt superstites, 
quorum senior, Will : monumentum istud in perpetuam parentum memoriani 
consecravit. Obiit Flissingice mense Decemb : 1587. 

Boathe liv'd at once, but not at once did dye, 
Shee first, hee laste, yet boathe together lye. 
Hee greate in deedes of armes, sliee greate in byrthe, 
Hee wise, shee chaste, boathe now resolv'd to yearth. 
Needes must ye slender shrubbs expect their fall, 
When stately e oakes fall down and cedars tall. 
Bragge not of valionre. for tliis woorthye knighte, 
Mightye in amies, by deathe hathe lost his mighte. 
Boaste not of honour, nobler was there none 
Than Ladye Ellinore, that now is gonne. 
Joy not too much in youthe, these children three 
Were as you are ; as tliey are shall yow bee. 

•■ See antea. p. 131. I have made some endeavour to ascertain who this Mr. 
Skinner v/as, but without success. The Rev. J. H. Johnson, of Kirmington, 
obligingly inspected the registers at Brocklesby to see if he occurred as the 
rector or curate of that place, but nothing appeared in aid of that idea, and he 
further reported that there was no monumental inscription for the name of 
Skinner in the church. Sir. Vincent Skinner's only son William Skinner, 
esq., of Thornton College, who died 7th Aug., 1627, £et. 32, married Bridget, 2nd 
daughter of the celebrated Sir Edward Coke, Chief Justice of England, by 
whom he had, besides five daughters, three sons, viz: Edward, who died in 1657, 
having married Anne, daughter of Sir William Wentworth ; William, baptised 
at Thornton, 30th April, 1626, regarding whom nothing that I am aware of has 
been ascertained further than that in his mother's will, 1G48, she alludes to him 
as a "most undutiful son," and also that he was living in. 1657, when he occurs 
as a legatee of 50^. in his brother Edward's will ; and Cyriack, born after his 
father's death in 1627, and hence so named probably as if he was peculiarly a 
gift from the Lord. He was entered of Trinity College, Oxford, in 1640, was 
an author and a man of letters, but appears to have settled down as a merchant 
in London, where he died in 1700. He was a friend and pupil of the immortal 
Milton. De la Pryme, in a previous part of his Diary (p. 160 MS.), has made an 
extract from the preface to the Etymoloijia Lingua; AnglicancB,\v\\Qve\n,as he 
says, "the learned and ingenious Mr. Skinner, a great crittic himself, has thus 
excellently in short characterized a crittic." This, however, was Stephen Skin- 
ner, a physician, who died at Lincoln, 5th September, 1667. I suspect that 
Cyriack Skinner was the contributor to the Diarist of the inscriptions here 
mentioned, whilst probably on a visit at Brocklesby. 

* Sic orig. But I am informed that this monument is on the north wall of 
the chancel. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 161 

There were many coats of arms about this monmBent whiclihe 
has not sent. 

On the south side of the chancel is a great altar tomb, all 

bannister'd about, and adorn'd with inscriptions, arms, and crests, 

on which lyes the images of S^' William Pelham and his lady, 

with this inscription : — 

Guliclmus Pelham, nuper de Brocklesby, in com : Lin : Eques auratus. In 
celeberrimis academiis, Strasberg, Heidelberg, Wittenberg, Leipsick, Parisiensi, 
et Oxoiiiensi magna cum cura, educatus, artibus liberalibus imbutus, et linguas 
Germanicam, Gallicam, Latinam (nee Grsecarura rudis), non solum callens, 
sed prompts eloqui edoctus. Ab his domiciliis Mars distraxit, ubi post varias 
pugnas, obsidiones, etc., sed non sine vulneribus rus contulit. Annam, filiam 
Caroli VVilloughby, Baronis de Parrham, castam virginem, connubio sibi junxit ; 
ex qua libcros viginti utriusque sexus Dei benedictione accepit, quorum septem 
filii et tres filife in vivis sunt. Vixerunt caiteri. Reliquo temporis consiimpto 
justitiam exequendo, orando, scribendo, pauperes sublevando, sacra biblia, 
antiquos patres et neotericos legendo, magnam gloriam adeptus est. Et quid 
in his profecerit meditationes in Sancti Johannis Evangelium editjE, observati- 
ones in omnes Testamentorum tam Veteris quam Novi libros et diatribje in sacra- 
raentum Ciense Domini manu sua scripta;, et posteritati restauratje imperpetuum 
testabuntur. Hisce rebus et annis circiter sexaginta transactis, fide in Christum 
constanti, et cliaritate erga proximos inviolabili, placid^ in Domino obdormiens, 
spirituui Deo Patri Spirituum, corpus terrse matri, in die resurrectionis magno 
cum incremento reccpturus, commendavit 13 Julii an'o D'ni : 1629. 

Upon tlie north wall of the chancel is written the following 
words,' to the memory of Thomas Eton, rector and schoolmaster 
of this town, by Doct[or] Lake, who was the scholar of his that 
was so grateful to his memory. 

Pietati et Solertia; S. 
Depositum Magistri Thomse^ton, presbyteri, Bosworthi in agro Leicestrensi 
nati, hujusecclesiEB Brocklesbiensis quondam Pectoris ct Scholarchas eximii, hie 
subtus jacet. Qui plures per annos gregem hie sibi concreditam tam vit^ 
exemplari quam officiis omnimodo divinis animarum curse incumbentibus fide- 
liter pascendo, et pubem juventutcm, non solum 5 farailia, nobili Pelhamiana, 
tunc temporis sicut longum supra et ad prajsens hie florenti, verum etiam_ cir- 
cumquaq. vicinam et remotiorem, tantum non in ipsa studiorum incude positam 
sed provectiorem etiam scientiis liberalibns, tantum non universis arte perquam 
exquisita, methodo non vulgari, sed misterii instar penitus proficienti, sedulitate 
opera indefessa, imbuendo, perficiendo, atque exinde de patria sua optim^ meritus 
mortalem summa. cum laude absolvit telara, suique reliqnit desiderium charis- 

simum et annorum, anno a partu virgineo, 162G, placid^ Christian^ admo- 

dum in Domino obdormivit, cujus meraorise meritissimje e discipulis suis ohm 
unus minimutum lioc (meliore multo dignaj) gratitudinis ergo posuit niemoriale, 
anno Dom : 1G68. 

This day I was with Mr. Jolence," attorney at Brigg, and steward 

' This monument is now very high on the north wall of the chancel, and 
the latter part is almost illegible. It is believed that the inscription is correct. 

« /'w'.wrt Jalland, or Jolland. There was a George, son of George Jolland, 
Scalby (Scawby ?) near Brigg, Lincolnshire, gent., entered at Manchester school, 
28th June, 1740 ; Fellow of St. John's, Cambridge ; A.B. 1753 ; A.M. 1756 ; 
died 1760.— Chetliam Soc.prib. Manch. School. 
L 



162 THE DIARY OF 

to Mr. Elways (who o\^^ls most part of Brigg, Wrawby, Roxby, 
etc., having an estate of about 3000^. per aimum), he says that 
about 27 years ago Mr. Elways did for ever give and grant unto 
his tennants of Roxby all their land to be tithetfree, which they 
have unpay'd untill this time. It was an impropriation unto 
him. 

At Scarburrow there is a wonderfull causey called Phila 
causey, which runs with a great ridg into the sea. It [is] 
reckond to be above three miles long, and ten yards broad. It 
is all made of huge stones, four, five, six, and some seven yards 
broad and long. It is very dangerous to seamen, and occasions 
many shipwracks. 

The verses at Brocklesby Hall, under the carved work of 
Diogenes in his tun speaking to Alexander, which I had like to 
have forgot, are these. 

Vita quod hsec hominis tarn sit brevis atque caduca 

Non vult Diogenes jediticare domum. 
Vos dorans est in qua, sapiens sua gaudia sentit 

Contentusque suis regia nulla petit, 
^mathioque duci quterenti qualia vellet 

Munera responsum libera lingua dedit. 
Corde velim toto, rex augustissime, solem 

Ne mihi surripias quern tribuisse nequis." 

They have a tradition at Winterton that there was formerly 
one Mr. Lacy,"" that lived there and was a very rich man, who, 
being grown very aged, gave all that he had away unto his three 
sons, upon condition that one shoidd keep him one week, and 
another another. But it happened within a little while that they 
were all weary of him, after that they had got what they had, 
and regarded him no more than a dog. The old man percieveing 

" These lines, as well as the foregoing monumental inscriptions, have been 
very obligingly collated with the originals by the Eev. J. Byron, vicar of 
Killingholme ; from which it appears that the Diarist had not got them literally 
correct. 

™ The Lacy's were an old Winterton family of yeoman rank. There are 
numbers of them in the register of that parish. 

John Lacy, and William Lacy, occur as parishioners of that town in an award 
between the prior and convent of Malton and the parishioners made by Roger 
Fauconbergh, esq., 10th of August, 1456, printed in vol. xl, Arehceolof/ia. 

A branch of the family was settled, in the 17th century at Kirton-in-Lindsey. 
Henry, Robert, Brian, and John Lacy, were tenants of that manor there, in 
161G. The male line ended about the beginning of this century, when the last 
of them, Thomas Lacy, died. His little property passed to a person of the name 
of Fox, who inherited some of the Lacy blood in tlie female line, and who was 
a tenant on the Kinscliffe School farm at Northorpe. His son, the late Mr. 
Thomas Fox, of Northorpe, died without issue 31st of March, 18G2. The pro- 
perty is noAv in the hands of those who are in no way related to the old 
iamily, as I am informed. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 163 

liow he was sleiobted, went to an attorny to see if his skill could 
not afford him any help in his troubles. The attorny told him 
that no law in the land could help him nor yield him any com- 
fort, but there was one thing onely Avhich would certainly do, 
which, if he would perform, he would reveal to him. At which 
the poor old man was exceeding glad, and desired him for God's 
sake to reveal the same, for he was almost pined and starved to 
dead, and he would most willingly do it rather than live as he did. 
^' Well," says the lawyer, " you have been a great friend of mine 
in my need, and I will now be one to you in your need. I will lend 
you a strong box with a strong lock on it, in which shall be con- 
tained 1000/. ; you shall on such a day pretend to have fetched it 
out of such a close, where it shall be supposed that you hid, and 
carry it into one of your son's houses, and make it your business 
every week, while you ai-^ sojourning with such or such a son, to 
be always counting of the money, and ratleing it about, and you 
shall see that, for the love of it, they'll soon love you again, and 
make very much of you, and maintain you joyfully, willingly, 
and plentifully, unto your dying day. The old man having 
thank'd the lawyer for this good advice and kind proffer, received 
within a few days the aforesayd box full of money, and having so 
manao;ed it as above, his oraceless sons soon fell in love with him 
again, and made mighty much of him, and percieving that their 
love to him continued stedfast and firm, he one day took it out 
of the house and carry'd it to the lawyer, thanking him exceed- 
ingly for the lent thereof. But when he got to his sons he 
made them believe that [he] had hidden it again, and that he 
would give it him of them whome he loved best when he dyd. 
This made them all so observant of him that he lived the rest of 
his days in great peace, plenty, and happiness amongst them, and 
dyed full of years. But a while before he dyd he ubraded them 
for their former ingratitude, told them the Avhole history of the 
box, and forgave them. 

There was formerly a great hospital and a free chappeP at the 
€ast end of Brigg built by S''- William Terwyt, vulgo Turrit, 
vallued at 20Z. per annum. Part of the hospital is yet standing, 
and a wall of the chappel. Within the memory of man there 
was a fine spacious court wall about between the hospital door 

' Mention is made in the last edition of the 3Ionasticon, vol. vii., p. 766, 
of a hospital at VVrawby, founded by Sir William Tyrwhitt, and a reference 
given to Patent Roll, 20th Henry VI., pars. 1. This was probably an augmen- 
tation of the more ancient hospital there, of which I have before made mention, 
— Monast. Anglic, vii., p. G88. 



164 THE DIARY OF 

and the cliappel door, but it was pulld down about forty years 
ago, because that part of it liad fallen and killed a man ; and so 
they were affraid that the rest should likewise do some such like 
mischief. Part of the town of Brigg belongs to Clare Hall Col- 
lege in Cambridg, as dos also the impropriation of Wrawby 
liveing. 

Tradition says that there lived formerly at Alkl)urrow a fam- 
ous heroic princes[s], who did many martial actions. They say 
that she had a huge hall in that piece of ground which I have 
described before to be a Roman fortification, and says that the 
place is call'd Countess close from her, adding that it is the most 
ancient place that is in the exchequer rolls, and always first cal- 
led there, etc. The aforesayd hollow burrow before mention'd is 
called Lady pitt, or Countess pitt, from the aforesayd Countess, 
who perhaps was lady of the town in the Saxon (or, raither, 
Dainish) days, who misserably harrasd all that and this part of the 
country, and opposing some party of the enemy might be there 
slayn and buryed. 

They have at [this] town, as also at Appleby, two Roman 
games, the one called Grillian's^ bore, and the other Troy's walls. 
They are both nothing but great labarinths" cut upon the ground 
with a hill cast up round about them for the spectators to sitt 
round about on to behold the sport. The two labarinths are 
somewhat different in their turnings one from another. 

y Pro Julian. — Marginal Note hy Diarist. 

' The Appleby Labyrinth has perished, and no memory of it, as far as I 
can hear remains. The one at Alkbrough is yet perfect, but is in a decayed 
condition. There is an engraving of it in the Reports of Lincolnshire Archi- 
tectural Society, 1852, p. 258, Hatfield's Terra Incognita, of Lincolnshire, facing 
title. Andrews History of Winterton, p. 78. There cannot be much doubt that 
these curious mazes are mediEeval, not Roman. There are several examples of 
labyrinths in and outside foreign churches. There is one incised on one of the 
pillars of the porch of Lucca Cathedral, Didron Annalcs Archeologiques, tome 
xvii, another on the floor of the nave of Chartres Cathedral. They may perhaps 
originally have been intended as penitential pathways, but in more modern 
times they were used for popular games. They are several times referred to by 
Shakesiieare. e. g. 

The nine mens morris is fiU'd up with mud ; 
And tlie quaint mazes on the wanton green, 
For lack of tread, are undistinguishable. 

Midsummer Night's Dream, Act II. Scene II, 

There was formerly a maze between Farnham and Guildford called Troy 
town. A very curious German engraving of a maze is preserved in the British 
Museum, press mark 1750, c 28. In William Lawson's New Orchard and 
Garden 2nd edition, 1648, 4to p. 84, there is an engraving of a square maze, 
with a tree in the midst. " Walls of Troy " seems to have been the name for a 
labyrinthine pattern on linen as late as the beginning of the last century. " In 

the Nurserie Two dozen and one [table cloths] of burdseye, and nine of 

several knots odd, three fyn towels and five of the Walls of Troy," — Invent of 
luirnitnre at Thnnderton, Duniar, Social life informer days>,']). 210, 



abrahajM de la pryme. 165 

Nov. 20. I liave now left my curacy at Broiighton, in 
Lincolnshii-c, and am come to live at Hatfield," the better to 
carry on my histoiy of that place. 

All the Dutch soldiers that are in England are going to be 
shipt of at Hull. All their horses are taken from [them] and it 
is sayd that they are to have others beyond sea, by which means 
the king will save a vast deal of money, who commonly pays for 
transporting ; it is sayd that every horse will cost six or seven 
pound transporting. 

This day I heard for a certain truth, and there are many that 
will give their oaths upon it, that Tho[mas] Hill, fowler for Mr. 
Ramsden, did shoot thirty-two pair of duck and teal at one shot 
in the Levels, in 1692-3.* 

In tlie south west of Yorkshire, at and about Bradfield, and 
in Darbishire, they feed all their sheep in winter with holly 
leaves and bark, which they eat more greedily than any grass. 
To every farm there is so many holly trees ; and the more there 
is the farm is dearer ; but care is taken to plant great numbers 
of them in all farms thereabouts. And all these holly trees are 
smooth leaved and not prickly. As soon as the sheep sees the 
sheppard come with an ax in his hand they all follow him to the 
first tree he comes at, and stands all in a round about the tree, 
expecting impatiently the fall of a bow, which, when it is 
falln, all as many as can eats thereof, and the sheppard go- 
ing further to another tree, all those that could not come in unto 
the eating of the first follow him to this, and so on. As soon 
as they have eaten all the leaves they begin of the bark and pairs 
it all of. 

Snow and frost is commonly very great and very long in the 
peak country of Derbishire, and oftentimes the frost is not out of 
the ground till the middle of May and after. In 1684, when the 
great frost was, snow lay beyond several hills all the following 

" It is said at Hatfield that the Diarist lived in the house there which is 
now the property of, and occupied by, Mr. W. J. Fox, solicitor, and which was 
surrendered 30th November, 1699, by Theseus Moore to Mrs. Sarah Pryme, the 
Diarist's mother. It does not appear from the title deeds (to which Mr. Fox 
has obligingly allowed me access), that Abraham de la Pryme was ever the 
owner ; but, being a bachelor, he most likely resided with his mother, who, in 
the year 1697, was a widow of about forty-eight years of age, and outlived her 
son twenty-five years. 

* A fen-man named Burj-, worthy of credit, stated that he fired a large 
duck gun at a Hock of snipes that were sitting on Bled Ground, in the vicinity 
of Whittlesey mere, and at one shot killed thirty-six dozen. (Memoranda fur- 
nished by J. M. Heathcote, esq., to Lord OrfurcVs Voyage round the Fans, in 
1774. Edited by J. \V. Childers, esq., 1868, p. 107). 



166 THE DIARY OF 

summer, and the frost was in the ground on the sun side till after 
July came in. 

1697. In several towns on the sea side in Holderness is cast up 
great quantitys of coal, all in dust, which the people makes fires 
of, but it being so exceeding small that it commonly smf>thers all 
their fires out, unless they keep perpetualy blowing the same, 
they have found out this invention to keep it in. Their houses are 
set upon all points of the compass, and of each side of their 
chimneys they have two holes (directly against each end of their 
rangs) through the wall, these are commonly stopd witli a piece 
of wood or an old cloath, and when they have any need for a fire 

they 

\_The next two 2')ages of the Diary are pasted toget]ier~\. 
There is a house in Winterton, on the north side of the town, not 
farr from the church, which has been a religious house. There 
was digged up a few years [ago] in the same a font very neatly 
cutt. 

The font that is in Hatfield church came from the monastry of 
Dunscroft.'^ 

Doct[or] Neal, the present Doct[or] Neal's father (that is 
no[w] a dying"^), was the first that found out the spaws at Knares- 
bur, by observing the place to be very much hanted with pigions, 
which came there to pick up the salt. 

December 17, 18, 19, 20. On the 17 [th] of this month wee 
had a very great snow," which was on the level ground about two 

"^ This cannot have been the case. When John, the last earl of Warren 
gave the church of Hatfield to the abbot and convent of St. Mary de la Roche, 
in 1345, they required the residence of some one on the spot to look after their 
temporal interests in this extensive parish. For the management of their 
revenue arising from Hatfield, they erected a grange at the place called Duns- 
croft, between Hatfield and Stainford ; and, having certain feudal privileges 
connected with their rectory estate, it came to be called the manor of Duns- 
croft. Some have spoken of Dunscroft as a cell to Roche Abbey. This is, 
however, a mistake. Dunscroft was never more tlian a grange ; and the seal 
engraved by Mr. Rowe Mores, as the seal of the cell of Dunscroft, belongs to 
some other religious establishment. The legend is imperfect, but the name of 
the place is ?W!J Dunscroft. {IIunter''s South Yorksldrc, i., p. 1S7). In 1607, 
the interest, which the monks had here, had passed to the famous countess of 
Shrewsbuiy, and it continued in the possession of the earls and dukes of Devon- 
shire, her descendants, for several generations. At page 381 of the JIS. Diary is 
the following: — "I do hereby licence, authorise, and appoint John Hatfield, 
esq,, to fish in the river Dun at his pleasure, and so farr as it runneth within 
the lordship of Hatfield, in the county of York, in as ample manner as the 
abbot of Roch or rector of Hatfield have used and enjoyed the same according 
to a free rent yearly payd for this fishing to his ]\Iajesty's recievours. Given 
under my hand the twentieth day of June, A.D. 1672. W. Devonshire." 

** But is since recovered. — Jilarginal Note hy Diarist. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 1G7 

foot and a half thick after a pretty hard frost, which, as it thow'd, 
frose again for several days. The 20[th] it thow'd exceeding fast, 
upon which there came so great a flood clown that the like was 
never known. About forty-one years ago there was then the 
greatest flood that was ever remembered, but that was much less 
than this ; for this came roreing all of a suddain, about eleven 
a clock at night, unto Bramwith, Fishlake, Thorn, and other toAvns; 
upon which the people rung all their l>ells backwards (as they com- 
monly do in case of a great fire), but tho' that this frighted all, 
and called all to the banks, and bid them all look about them, yet, 
ncv'Crtheless, the loss is vastly great. The people of Sikehouse 
and Fishlake, tho' they had banks to save them, yet it topt all, 
drounded the people's beasts in their folds and houses, destroyd 
sheep, and several men lost their lives, their houses in Sikehouse, 
and many in Fishlake, being drownded up to the very eves, so 
that they reckon no less than 3000 pound damage to be done by 
the same in the parish of Fishlake. It came with such a force 
against all the banks about Thorn, which keeps the waters of 
the Levels, that everybody gave them over, there being no hopes 
to save them, and ran over them all along, and the ground be- 
ing so hard they could [not] strike down stakes upon the tops of 
their banks, to hinder the water fi"om running over. At last, it 
being impossible that such vast waters should be contained in 
such short and small bounds, it burst a huge gime close by Gore 
Steel, near Thorn, where had been a vast gime formerly, and so 
drounded all the whole Levels to an exceeding great depth, so 
that many people were kept so long in the upper part of their 
houses that they were almost pined, while all their beasts were 
drounded about them. It was, indeed, all over, a very sad thing 
to hear the oxen bellowing, and the sheep bleating, and the 
people crying out for help round about as they did, all Bramwith, 
Sikehouse, Stanford, and Fishlake over, as undoubtedly they also 
did in other places, yet no one could get to save or help them, it 
being about midd night, and so many poor people Avere forced to 
remain for several days together, some upon the top of their 
houses, others in the highest rooms, without meat or fire, untill 
they were almost starv'd. The slewse at Thorn had like to have 
gone away, which if it had, it is thought that it would never have 
been layd again, because that the whole country would have 
petitioned against it, be[cause] it keeps the waters of of the Levels, 
for but for it they would be drounded as much as ever, so that it 
would be impossible for any [to] dwell thereon, and it is sayd of 
all hands that, if it had gone, all the whole country would have 



1C8 THE DIARY OF 

petitioned against its ever being built again, so tliat the Levels 
must have thereafter remained as it was before the drainage, a 
continual rendezvouz of waters ; and it is my belief that one time 
it will come to its ancient state again, which will be the ruin of 
all those that have land therein/ 

The waters upon the banks by Thorn that besides it overvun- 
ing all over, and besides the aforesayd breach that it has broke 
eight or nine breaches in the sayd bank between Thorn and 
Gowl, has driven away four rooms in New Rivers great bridge, 
has broke all the banks and bridges of the whole country round 
about, sweeping all away before it. In Lincolnshire, the Trent, 
by the aforesayd melt of snow, has broke it's banks near the town 
of Morton, hard by Gainsburrow, and has driven allmost the 
whole town away, drounding several men, women, and children. 
The banks of Vickar's dike and Dicken dike are also broken, 
bordering upon our Levells. Li a word, the loss to the whole 
country hereabouts is above a million of pounds, besides what it 
dps to the whole country round about out of our limits and 
circuits. 

All the most oldest men that are says that it is the vastest 
flood that ever they saw or heard of. 

I heard this day from a very ingenious man that the Earl of 
Craven's father was but a poor lad, that going up to London did 
not as much as know his own name, but, coming out of Craven 
in Yorkshire, they not onely gave him that for a sirnamo, but 
also afterwards he was dignify'd with the title of that place from 
which he drew his name. He afterwards marry'd the Queen of 
Bohemia, and dyd a while ago, whose son now succeeds him.-^ 

^ Stonehouse in a note History Isle of Axhohnc, (p. 116,) quotes this entry 
in the Diary, and, with particular allusion to the latter portion of it (which lie 
has given substantially and not literally) has appended the following remark 
of his own. "N.B. From this last sentence it is evident that De la Pi7m«e con- 
siders the works of the Participants as one cause which freely aggravated the 
mischief of these floods ; and, if he is correct, we cannot wonder that the 
inhabitants should withhold their consent from any others being erected of a 
similar nature." 

/ The ingenious man seems, as ingenious men not unfrequently are, to have 
been very ignorant. There is, I apprehend, no reason to doubt the statement in 
the peerages that this family was anciently seated at Appletrecwick in Craven, 
from whence they spread in several branches. The nobleman here mentioned 
was William Craven, eldest son of William Craven knight. Lord Mayor of 
London 1611, born 1G06. He was celebrated for his gallantry under Gustavus 
Adolphus, King of Sweden, was created Baron Craven 1G26, and Earl of 
Craven and Viscount Uffington 1664, and died 1697, without is.sue. By a 
patent 1 1th Dec, 1665, the barony of Craven was limited, in the event of the Earl's 
death, s p., to Sir William Craven, great grandson of Henry Craven, elder 
brother of the Lord Mayor, pursuant to which limitation the barony devolved 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 169 

S'"- Joseph Williamson^ that is now in so great state was also 
but one of very mean birth. 

29. S""- Clowdsly ShoveP was a poor lad, born in Yorkshire, 
who was first ostler at an inn at Redford, in Notinolianishire ; 
after that, being weary of his place, he went to Stockwith in Lin- 
colnshire, where he turned tarpaulin, and from thence, gettino- ac- 
quainted with the sea, he grew up to what he now is. " I heard a 
gentleman say, that was in the ship with him about six years ao-o, 
that, as they were sailing over against Hastings in Surry, says S'"- 
Clowdsley, '' Pilot put neer,' I have a little business a shore here," 
so he put nere, and him and this gentleman went a land in the boat, 
and having walked about half a mile ashore, Sir Clowdsley came 
to a little house, " Come," says he to the gentleman, " my busi- 
ness is here, I came on purpose to see the good woman of this 
house." Upon which they knocked at the door, and out came a 
poor old woman ; upon which Sir Cloudsley kist her, and then 
fell down on his knees, begged her blessing, and call'd her 
mother (shee being his mother that had removed out of York- 
shire thither). He was mighty kind to her, and shee to him, 
and after that he had payd his visit, he left her ten guiues, and 
took his leave with tears in his eyes, and departed to his ship. 

Ihid. After the aforesayd thow and inimdation came several 
days of exceeding fine weather, but yesterday it begun again to 

on William, 2nd Lord Craven, eldest son of the said Sir William. Elizabeth, 
Queen of Bohemia, whom the Earl of Craven is said to have married, was the 
only daughter of James the 6th of Scotland, and Anne, his Queen, and was 
born in that country 19th August, 159G. She was married to the Elector Pala- 
tine Frederic the 5th, 1613. On his decease 29th November, 1C32, she re- 
mained at the Hague, living in the utmost privacy. The management of her 
domestic affairs she committed to Lord Craven, who was much attached to her. 
" The most perfect friendship and confidence, and the most open and unreserved 
intimacy subsisted between them, yet such was the public opinion, or rather 
feeling, excited by that harmony of general correctness which had always distin- 
guished her, that not a breath of slander ever fell on their connection. It was 
at length believed, and probably most justly, that they had been privately 
married." — Lodge's Portraits, vols, viii and ix. 

«■ Sir Joseph Williamson was son of Joseph Williamson, vicar of Bride- 
kirk, Cumberland ; M.A. and fellow of Queen's College, Oxford ; D.C.L. ; one 
of the clerks of the Council ; keeper of the paper office ; secretary to Sir 
Edward Nicolas, knight, and also to Henry, Earl of Arlington. He was after- 
wards secretary of state himself. Knighted at Whitehall, 24th January, 1671 ; 
P.C. 11th September, 1674; president of the Royal Society. Married lady 
Catherine, sister and heir of Charles Stewart, Duke of Lennox, and Baroness 
Clifton. Left no child. 

* Sir Cloudsley Shovel is said by some to have been born in co. Norfolk, 
1650. He died s.p.m., but had two daughters by his wife Elizabeth, daughter 
of John Hill, Esq., a commissioner in the Navy, and relict of Admiral Sir John 
Narborough, knight, of Knowlton, co. Kent. {Marr. Lie. Vic. Genl. Ahp. 



170 THE DIARY OF 

freez very hard, and last niglit and this day is falln as much 
snow as was before, so that we are exceeding fearful of another 
great thow and deluge. 

I, having left Lincolnshire, am so exceeding busy in old deeds 
and charters, which the gentlemen are pleasd to send me in on 

Canterbury, 1600-1, March G, Sir Cloudeslcy Shovell, of the city of London, 
knight, aged 30 and upwards, bachelor, and dame Elizabeth Narborough, of 
Knowlton, co. Kent, widow, to marry at Knowlton). The eldest daughter, 
Elizabeth, married Sir Robert Marsham, 5th baronet, created Baron Romney 
1716. Lady Shovel died 15th April, 1732. Sir Cloudsley was buried in West- 
minster Abbey, from his house in Soho Square, about twelve at night, according 
to Le Neve's MSS. The ceremony is recorded thus in the Abbey Register, 1707, 
December 22 : " Sir Cloudesley Shovell, Kt., Her Majesty's Vice Admirall, &c., 
in the south aisle, by the Lady Gething's monument." The following is the 
inscription to his memory : — 

Sr. Cloudesly Shovell, Knt., 

Rear Admirall of Great Britain, 

And Admirall and Commander-in-Chief of the Fleet, 

The just rewards 

Of his long and faithfuU services. 

He was 

Deservedly beloved of his country, 

And esteemed tho' dreaded by the Enemy, 

Who had often experienced his Conduct and Courage. 

Being Shipwreck't 

On the Rocks of Scylly, 

In his Voyage from Thoulon, 

The 22d of October, 1707, at night, 

In the 57th year of his age, 

His fate was lamented by all, 

But especially the 

Seafaring part of the nation, 

To whom he was 

A generous Patron and a worthy Example. 

His body was flung on the shoar 

And buried with others, in the sands, 

But being soon after taken up. 

Was placed under this Monument, 

Which bis Royal Mistress has caused to be erected 

To commemorate 

His steady Loyalty and extraordinary Virtues. 

Notes from the Will of Sir Cloudesley Shovell, op London, Knight, 
Commissioner op the Navy, dated 20 April, 1701. 

Mother, Mrs. Anne Flaxman, lands at Morston, in Norfolk. Sister Mrs. 
Ann Shorton's children — wife Elizabeth — children of my wife by her former 
husband. Sir John Narborough' — lands in Kent. Cousin John Thurston — wife's 
youngest son, James Narborough — her daughter, Elizabeth Narborough — their 
eldest sou, Sir John Narborough, Bart. — eldest daughter, Elizabeth Shovell — 
youngest daugliter, Anne Shovell, when 21 or married — aunt Ringstead and her 
daughter Mary Ringstead — cousin Elizabeth Thurston daughter of my aunt 
Thurston deceased — William, Ann, and Abigail Jenkinsou, son and daughters 
of my uncle Cloudesley Jenkinson — wife executrix. Proved (c.P.C.) 13th 
January, 1707-8, by Executrix. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 171 

evory side, that I cannot take time to think or write of anytliing 
else. Justice Yarbur/ before he dyd, sent me a MS. of the lives 
of the Earls of Waren. 

Mr. Yarbur, of Doncaster, sent me many things relating to 
Don caster, etc. 

Mr. Gregory, of Barmby Dunn,'*' sent me a coppy of the old 



In Pulman's MSS., A. ix., p. 777 (at Her. Coll.), there is a pedigi-ee thus 
commencins: : — 



Shovel, of = Ann, d. of = . .Flaxman 

I 2d husband. 



Sir C. S. &c., bom at , co.=Elizabeth, daughter of John=Sir John Nar- 



Suffolk, 1651. Knighted IMay, 1CS9, 
in Bautry Bay, shipwrecked, &c. Will 
dat. 20 Apl., "1701. 



Hill, Esq., Commissioner of I borough, 
the Navy. Ob. 15 Apl., 1732. Knt., 
Buried at Crayford, co. Kent. Admiral. 



In Kotes and Queries, 1st Ser., xii., 395, is quoted a letter written by the Kev. 
George Crokatt, rector of Crayford, in 170S, consoling lady Shovell on the loss 
of her husband and two only sons. He says that Sir C, S. was born in Noyfolk 
in 16,50, of an ancient family, remarkable for loyalty, etc., and not inconsider- 
able as to estate, though lessened by their adherence to Charles I. He says the 
good old gentlewoman. Sir C. S's mother, is still alive, and enjoys no con- 
temptible competency, which has been transmitted from father to son. And he 
adds that he writes this to correct some false stories about Sir Cloudeslcy's 
birth and education. 

I regard this testimony as conclu.sive. It was written shortly after Sir 
Cloudeslcy's death, and by one who evidently knew the facts. His mother's 
second marriage, to Flaxman, may account for her being at Hastings. De la 
Pryme probably was misled by the "false stories " still extant in 1708. 

Sir Cloudesley Shovel, knight (no other description), had a grant of arms. 
and crest, Gth January, 1691-2, to him and his descendants. The earl marslial's 
warrant is dated 29th April, 1091. He is called in the grant Rear Admiral of 
the Blue Squadron. The arms granted were — Gu. a chev. erm. betw. two- 
crescents in chief arg., and a fleur-de-lis in base or. Crest — out of a naval 
coronet, gold, a demi-lion gu., holding a sail arg., charged with an anchor sa. 
[Grants, 4, p. 103). There is no pedigree in Lc Neve's Knights ; nor is Sir C. 
in any of the lists of knights at Heralds' College. 

I am indebted to Colonel Chester for the information above furnished. 

Macaulay {Hist. England, I., 304) says that Sir John Narborough was cabin 
•boy to Sir Christopher Mings, who had also entered the naval service in that 
capacity, and that Sir Cloudesley Shovel was cabin boy to Sir John Nar- 
borough. 

The name of Cloudsley is a Yorkshire one. Thoresby, the Leeds antiquary, 
had a "cousin Robert Cloudsley." And Hunter states that the name became 
extinct at Leeds by the death, without issue, of Mr. Benjamin Cloudsley, in 
1753.— Diary, i., p. 33. 

' " Need " in orifj. 

J Thomas Yarborough, esq., of Campsal, co. York, justice of the peace and 
deputy lieutenant of the west-riding during forty-seven years. Died 30th 
November, 1697, aged 73. — Hunter's South Yorkshire, ii., 4G6. 

* See pedigree. — Hunter's South Yorkshire, i., p. 211. 



172 THE DIARY OF 

charter for the fair of Stanford, and several papers relating to 
the chappel thereof and town. 

Mr. Tor/ or Tnr, sent me a MS. of and about the church of 
Hatfield, etc. 

Mr. Nevil and Mr. Place, of Winterton, sent me some papers 
relating to Hatfield business, and a whole bundle of manumis- 
sions of villans,"' and charters of Franciscan privileges. One or 
two I transcribed before in this book, and put down the rest 
that related to this town in my papers, as I commonly do. 

I have received, God be thanked, a great many more notices 
about things of this town from many hands which I shall thank- 
fully remember elsewhere. 



' James Torre, a celebrated antiquary, of a family long seated at Haxey, in 
the Isle of Axholme, Lincolnshire. " He settled chiefly at York, and giving way 
most probably to the natural bent of his genius, devoted himself entirely to the 
study of ecclesiastical antiquities and family descents. He purchased an estate 
at Snydall in 1699, where he died in the same year, and was buried in his parish 
church of Normanton." — Stotiehouse, Isle of Axholme, 305-308 ; See more of 
him, Thoresbi/s Diary, i., p. 226, note by Hunter. 

'" In an illuminated pedigree of the Wortley family, of the age of Elizabeth, 
in the possession of Lord Wharncliffe, a drawing is introduced of Sir Nicholas 
de Wortley (who died 1360), surrounded by his tenants, who are receiving, ap- 
parently witlr great satisfaction, a charter of enfranchisement from his hands. 
From the muniments of Sir J. W. Copley, Bart., of Sprotburgh, I am enabled 
to furnish a specimen of one of these deeds of manumission. 

Omnibus Christi fidelibus hoc prisons scriptum visuris vel audituris Willi- 
elmus fitz William de Sproteburgh armiger salutem in Domino sempiternam, 
Noveritis me manumisisse et ab omni jugo scrvitutis liberasse Johannem 
Plumptre de Rotington nativum meum pro quadam summa pecunite quam 
michi dedit pras manibus, ita quod liber homo sit cum tota sequela sua bonis- 
que mobilibus et immobilibus imperpetuum. Concedo autem eidem Johanni, 
cum tota sequela sua procreata et procreanda, plenam licentiam eundi, habi- 
tandi et redeundi super feodum meum ubicunque prout decet hominem liber;© 
conditionis et fidelis sine perturbatione mei velhcercdum meorum. In cujus rei 
testimonium prajsentibus sigillum meum apposui. His testibus, Joliannc 
Clarell, Willielmo Chaworth armigero, Willielmo Capron, rectore ecclesiaj de 
Plumptre, et multis aliis. Datum apud Sproteburgh, primo die mensis Decem- 
bris, anno ab inchoatione regni regis Henrici Sexti quadragesimo nono, etre-ad- 
eptionis regime potestatis suae anno primo. [1470]. 

De la Pryme has copied in the Diary (p. 3-17), deeds bearing on this sub- 
ject, of an earlier date than this. John de Loudham grants to William de 
Loudham, his brother, one Thomas Locks, of Wintrington, " nativum meum de 
manerio meo de Wintrington, cum omnibus liberis ejus procreatis et procre- 
andis ac omnibus catallis ejus," etc. Dated on the Sunday next after the 
translation of St. Thomas the Martyr (7th July), 10th Edward II. (1316). 
Shortly afterwards, however, viz., on the Sunday next before the feast of St. 
Mai'garet the Virgin (20th July), in the same year, it appears, from another 
deed, that William de Loudham released to the said Thomas Locks all the 
right whatsoever in him which he had of the gift of Sir John de Loudham, 
knight, and made him "liberum, manumissum ab omni conditione, nexu, ser- 
vitio, absolutum in perpetuum." 



ABRAHAM DE LA PIIYME. 173 

Feb 6. 1G97-8. Mr. kaysin, of Doncaster," has a miglity 
rare old cliron[icle"l in MSS., the most splendid, glorious, and 
beautifull that ever was seen, having the most cm-ious antient 
pictures and letters in it were ever known, all in the most richest 
colours and best proportion, etc. 

Febr. 12. Yesterday I went into the Isle of Axholm about 
some business. It was a mighty rude place before the drainage, 
the people being little better than heathens, but since that ways 
has been made accessible unto them by land, their converse 
and familiarity with the country round about has mightily civi- 
lized them, and made them look like Christians. There is nothing 
observable in or about Belton Church that I could perceive. 
There is a pretty excellent Church at Epworth, but no monu- 
ment, coats of arms, nor inscriptions are therein, that I could 
observe. In the north porch of the church I observed these 

two coats. 

3 serpent heads with A lion or lioness, which is 
pricked up ears." the arms of the Mowbrays.P 

The chancel of the church was formerly a most stately build- 
ing, almost as bigg as the whole church, and all arched and dub- 
bled rooft, but falling to decay, they made it be taken down and a 
less built out of the ruins thereof, which was about twenty five 
years ago. 

All on the east end of the Church, and over against the south 
thereof, stood a famous and magnificent monastry of Carthusian 
monks, which, upon the reformation, were all expelled, and the 
monastry pulled down to the bare ground, to the great shame 
and skandall of the christian religion ; in which ground, where 
it stood, they tell me that there has oft been found several 
old pieces of English coin, and several gold rings, but they 
could not shew me any. The Minister thereof is the famous 
Mr. Wesley,^ who set out the celebrated poem of the Life of 
Christ. 

" Probably alderman George Rasine, who was mayor in 1683, when Sir 
George Cooke (the first baronet) presented the corporation with their great 
mace. 

" Stonehouse, in his Isle of Axholme, 1839, p. 152, states this coat to be 
"the arms of Sheffield." That family, however, bore a chevron between three 
ga7'bs. 

The bearing most nearly resembles that of the family of Broxholme, to 
which, in 1580, the arms of, argent, a chevron between three brock's (or badger's) 
heads azure, were granted. It does not appear, from the account of Epworth, 
that this family had any connection with that town or it's church. 

p " Ye same arms is also upon ye font." — Blarginal Note by Diarist. 

1 The Rev. Samuel Wesley, M.A., born at Whitechurch in 1GG2, became 



174 THE DIARY OF 

The Lord Cartaref was the late lord of the Isle, but he being 
dead, his lady enjoys the same. 

Low Mel wood, in the Isle of Axholm, was (I have lately 
heard) in antient time a most fine and stately priory, belong- 
ing first of all to the Knight Templers, then afterwards to the 
Knights of Saint John of Jerusalem, and was dedicated, as I 
imagine, to Saint Leonard, because there is land in the Isle called 
Saint Leonard's land, which holds of the sayd Melwood. 

I have several times been at it, but I was so young I cannot 
very well remember the same. 

However, I can remember very well that [it] was a great 
and most stately building of many stores high, all of huge squared 
stone, all wholy built so upon vaults and arches that I have gone 
under the same a great way. All was huge stone starecases, 
huge pillars, long entrys, with the doores of both sides opening 
into opposite rooms. I remember the dining room also, Avhich was 
at the end of one of those entrys, had huge long oak tables in it, 
great church windows, with a great deal of painted glass. The 
outside of the house was all butify'd with semi-arches jetting 
of the walls upon channeld pillars, and the top was all covered 
with lead. The doors were huge and strong, and ascended up 
unto by a great many steps, and places made through the opposite 
turrets to defend the same, and the whole was encompass'd with 
a huge ditch or moat.' 

There was the finest gardens, orchards, and flowers there that 
ever I saw ; but now there is, I believe, none of these things to 
be seen, for, about ten years ago, all or most part being ruinous 
was pulled down, and a lesser house built out of the same. It is 
a very unfortunate place, as commonly all religious places have 
been to the sacrilegious and wicked devourers and raptors of the 
same. No family has yet possssed it one hundred years together, 
for it has commonly a new lord every forty or fifty years. 

In a green meadow close in Stickley,' near or in Shire Oaks, 

Rector of Epworth, and died in 1735. He was father of John Wesley, the 
celebrated founder of the people called Methodists. — See Stonehmse, Isle of 
Axholme,T()^. 175-222. At page 162 that author gives him the rectory of Ep- 
worth in 1636, which must be an error. 

'■ Sir George Carteret, baronet, so created 9th May, 1645, was Comptroller 
of the Navy temj). Cliarles I. — an officer of great courage and skill. In 1681 he 
was created Baron Carteret, of Hawnes, co. Bedford, and died 1695. The 
manor of Epworth was granted, together with some other cro\vn lands, on a 
lease for 90 years, by Charles II. to Sir Geo. Carteret. 

* Stonehouse, Isle of Axholme, p. 253, gives this entry from the Diary 
somewhat varied from the text. 

' Stickley is probably Steetley. Steetley Church is in Derbyshire, but close 
to the boundaries of Nottinghamshire and Yorkshire. It is a most beautiful 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 175 

in or near Worsop, in Darbjshire, stands a staitlv well built 
cliapel, all arch-roof d, excellently enarnbled and gilt ; the lead 
that cover'd the same is all stoln away, so that the weather begins 
to pierce throngh its fine roof, to its utter decaying. 

One Mr. Houson, of Beaverley, has several records relating 
to Doncaster and Hatfield. 

Febr 29. I have written Doct[or] Johnston, the great anti- 
quary, seven or eight sheets of pedigrees, memorable things, etc. 

The pedegs [pedigrees] of the Anns of Frickley, the Went- 
worths of Elmsal, the Stapletons, the Snasels, the Latimers, 
the Cholmundleys, the Ardingtons, the Husseys, the Salvens, 
the Bruces, the Buhners, the Boyntons, the Musgraves, the 
Maliverers, the Fairfaxes of Waltham [Walton], the Elands, 
Vavasors, Spekes, Copleys ; the whole pedigrees, for many 
hundred years together, of the Hothams, Salvins, Buhners, 
Whartons, Eastofts, etc. 

I have senthim an account also [of] Phila Causey, of many towns 
on the sea side, of the feeding of their sheep with holly leaves 
about Bradfield and elsewhere. Epitaphs (out of an old MS. 
formerly belonging to Dunscroft cell), in Doncaster church and 
chapels, Snayth church, etc., with a whole description of Doncas- 
ter at larg, and of all the memorable things and places belonging 
thereto. 

The MS. aforesayd, which I mightily prize, contains, tho' in 
short, very many observable epitaphs in the aforesayd churches 
and chapels, and many in Fishlake church, Hatfield chm'ch, 
Thorn church, Holden [Howden] church, Crull [Crowle] church, 
and Haxey, Epworth, and Belton churches ; but the paper is so 
farr consumed and gone, that they are scarce legible, 'and some 
not. It belongs to Mr. Canby," of Thorn, and is bound up with 
ma[n]y records relating to his estate, so that he will not part 
with the same out of his presence. I have sent the Doct[or] as 
many of them as I transcribed at one time, and if I can pick out 
the meaning of any more for him, I intend to do it. Those rela- 

Norman building, now roofless and deserted. Around it is a church yard, but no 
burials have taken place there in modern times. It consists of a nave and 
apsidal chancel ; the door on the south has a slightly projecting porch ; the arch 
is composed of zig zag and beaked mouldings ; on its shafts are foliage and 
signs of the zodiac, and the arches of the chancel and apse are even more 
highly ornamented. 

« Hunter, in his preface to South Yorkshire, vol. I., states that he had 
endeavoured in vain to trace this MS., and was fain to content himself with 
the few extracts from it incorporated with other topographical collections made 
by De la Prymc. He added, in a MS. note, that " Mr, Elmhirst, who represents 
Mr. Canby, has it not," 



17G THE DIARY OF 

ting to Crull, Haxey, Belton, and Epwortli, I will set down, when 
I have time, in this book. 

Marcpi 16. This day I had the following papers sent me to 
interpret from almost twenty miles beyond York, there not being 
any one, lawyer or whatever, that could do the same, tho' it had 
been sent and shewd to many. It is a transcript out of Doomes- 
day book, and, as near as I can imitate the letter and brevity 
thereof, I will set it down here. 

\_Here follotos a long extract loJiich it is 'U7inecessari/ to repeat.^ 

April 23. This two or three days has been exceeding bad 
weather, we have had a great deal of snow and a hard frost ; and 
indeed this winter has been so sevear that scarce anybody livino- 
ever saw tho like. We have had six winters in this winter, 
mighty sevear and cold, between every one of which was great 
floods (one of which was the greatest that ever was known, top- 
ping almost all the Partisipants^ banks on every side), between 
every one of which was a week or above of as fine weather as 
could be, and then another storm came, etc. 

Mr. Gerce," of London, has a larg MS. in many vols, folio of 
of the antiquitys and history of Lincolnshire, written by Doct[or] 
Sanderson, Bish[op] of Linc[oln.] 

I hear much of the religious assemblys and societys that ai'c 
fixing in every city and great town of England, against al man- 
ner of prophaness and immorality, but as yet cannot give a full 
account thereof. 

I was the other day Avith Mr. Wesley, min[ister] of Epworth, 
the famous author of tho poem of the Life of Christ. He says, 
that while he was at London, he knew a parrot that by its long 
hanging in a cage in Billingsgate street (where all the worst lan- 
guage in the city is most commonly spoke), had learned to curse 
and swear, and to use all the most bawdy expressions imaginable. 
But, to retbrra it, they sent it to a coffy-house in another street, 
where, before half-a-year was at an end, it had forgot all it's 
wicked expressions, and was so full of coffy-house language that 
it could say nothing but " Bring a dish of cofFy ;" " Where's the 

" See postea. There was a John Geree, a Yorkshireman, either a butler or 
servitor of Magd. Hall. Oxon., in the hcginning of the year 1615, who became 
minister of Tewkesbury, etc. Died in Ivy Lane, London, 1G48. 

Stephen Geree, elder brother to the above, also of Magd. Hall, Oxon., 1611, 
became minister of Wonnersh, near Guildford, and afterwards of Abinger, 
Surrey. — Wood's Athen. Oxon. 



ABRAPIAJI DE LA PRYME. 177 

news," and such like. When it was thus throughly converted, 
they sent it home again, but within a week's time it got all its 
cursings and swearings and its old expressions as pat as ever. 

Contrary to all expectation corn of all sorts is exceeding dear," 
and the weather very cold. 

This day I had a larg old book in folio sent me, entitled thus — 
*' Ye right devout, much laudable, and recomendahle hoke of the liffs 
of the olde auncyent foders hermyts, traunslatyd first out of Greke 
into Latyn by y^ Blessed and Holy Saimt S'- Jerom, rigid devout 
and approved Doctoure of y^ Ckirche, and translated out of Latyn 
into Frenclbe, ^ dylygently corrected in the Cyty of Lyon, anno 
1486, and, after, to loittin the year of our JJ- 1491, reduced into 
English, following the coppe alway under the correction of the Doc- 
tours of the Chirch." 

The book itself, after such a fine title-page, is full of lyes, 
storys, legends, foppery, and popery. It ends thus : — ' ' Thus endyth 
the moost Vertuouse IJystorye of the Devoute and right renouned 
Lyves of the houly foders lyvyng in deserts, worthy of remembraunce to 
all loell dysposed persons, ichich hath been translated out of French 
into Englishe, by William Caxton, of Westmynster, late deceased, 
and finyshd it at y^ last day of his lyfe. Enprinted in the sayd 
town of Westmynstre by Mynheer Wynkin de Worde, y' yer of 
our Lord, 1495, and y^ 10 year of our Soveragri Lord, K. Henry 
If nth'' 

Mr. Hall, min[ister] of Fishlake, has several old MSS., both 
history and heraldry, written by Mr. Perkins, in Queen Elizabeth's 
days, a worthy and ingenious man, some of which I have bor- 
row'd.' 

Mr. Prat, parson of Boswel" beyond York, has gathered up a 
fine collection of medals. 

My Lady Wentworth, of Banks, near Barnsley, has also a 
delicate collection. 

Mr. Adwick, of Arksey, has several old papers, deeds, and 
MSS., as has also Mr. Washington, of Adwick hall, of which he 
has promiss'd me a sight. 

There is a town called Kimberworth,' two miles of of Rother- 

*" The average price of wheat for the year 1698 in given as £3, Os. 9d., in a 
table reprinted from the MarTi Lane Express in Notes and. Queries, 2nd S., vol. 
v., p. 144. 

' Seepostea. 

y Bossalh 

2 Hunter had observed this passage in the Diary. He remarks that " an early 
antiquary would connect the name of this township with the Cimbri ; but De la 
Pryme lived before much attention had been paid to the principles on which we 

M 



178 THE DIARY OF 

ham, so called from y® old Cimbri : Kimberworth, signifying in 
English the town of the Cimbri. 

Mr. Midleton, of Sutton, can give larg account of the family 
of the Lees of Hatfield. 

Mr, Kitchingman, Min[ister] of by York, has 

written a larg Chronology, mighty ingenious and accurate, in fol, 
MSS. at Mr. Hall's of Fishlake. 

May 4. Ever since that May came in there has been a great deal 
of snow and frost, the like never seen in memory of man. In the 
west the frost was a great deal bigger than here, for it frose there 
above an inch thick in one night, whereas it was not over half as 
thick the same night here; the snow that fell here was also less than 
that which fell there, but however, if that it had layd, [I] believe 
that it would have been very near a foot thick. It has done great 
damage to all sorts of corn and fruit, and there is so little grass that 
the greatest number of cattle have dyd that ever was known. 
About Hallifax side the necessity of the winter has caused them to 
find out a Strang new meat for their goods in winter, and that is 
this, when all their fother was done, they took green whinz, chopt 
them a little, put them in a trough and stampt them a little to 
bruise all their prides, and then gave them to their beasts, which 
eat on them, and fedd them better than if it had been the best hay. 

6. On the sixth of this month was the Visitation of the Arch- 
Bishop of York," who was personal there with us at Doncaster. 
He is an exceeding strict, religious, and pious man, exceeding 
humble, affable, and kind. He gave us a great deal of most ex- 
cellent advice, and talked sevearly against drunkenness, loos 
living, keeping of company, and such like ; desired us all to be- 
ware of the same, and beg'd on us to enter into religious associa- 
tions one with another, and with the chief of the town to suppress 
all vice, profaness, and immorality, in om' respective parishes, 
etc. 

Having finished the beautifying of the church of Hatfield, 
the chief of the parish, to the number of thirty, when[t] to Doncas- 
ter to the Bishop with the ingenious and worthy min[ister] hereof, 

may hope to analyse the terms found in our local nomenclature. The probability 
rather ia that we have the name of some early settler prefixed to one of the usual 
terminals. In Domesday it is Chibereworde, an orthography which is also found 
in the Recapitulatio ; but as the letter to is found in very early charters as a 
part of the name of this place, and is, moreover, an efficient portion of the 
name, it is probable that it ought to have made a part of the name as written 
by the Norman scribes." See more. — Hunter'' s South Yor7:shire, ii., p. 26, 
" John Sharp, D.D., consecrated 5th July, 1691, died 2nd Feb., 1714. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 179 

Mr. Eratt,* to thank him for haveing given them Hberty and power 
to regulate the pews, and to present him with two maps of the plat- 
form of the church, as every one was seated, to get them signed by 
him, and to desire a confirmation thereof under the seal of the 
office. As soon as ever we were got to the house where he was, Mr. 
Eratt when[t] in to acquaint [him] that we were come. The 
Bishop would not let us come any furder to wait upon him, but came 
streight down into our room to wait upon us, exprest a great deal 

* William Eratt, son of Wm. Eratt, of Wartre, in the East Riding of York- 
shire, educated at Pocklington School, was admitted Sizar of St. John's College, 
Cambridge, 4th May, 1672, when 16 years old. A.B., 1675 ; A.M., 1696 ; came to 
be minister of Hatfield in September 1689. Married 4th January, 1680, Mary, d. 
of Thomas Fitzwilliam, of DoncasLer, the town clerk of that borough, and 
widow of John Gilby gent., and mercer of London. (Jackson's History 
St- George's Church Doncaster, appx., xlvi.) By her Mr. Eratt had issue, with 
others, William Eratt, of Doncaster, M.D., who died 13th March, 1727, leaving 
a daughter and heir, Jane, afterwards married to Edward Forster, Esq., of 
Thome, but died s.p. In 1701 there was published, " A Necessary Apology for 
the Baptized Believers : wherein they are vindicated from the Unjust and Per- 
nicious Accusations of Mr. William Eratt, the Parish Minister of Hatfield, near 
Doncaster, in Yorkshire, in his Epistle to John Woodward. By Joseph Hooke, 
a Servant of Christ, and a hearty lover of all men." Our Diarist was a pupil of 
Mr. Eratt's, and he has recorded in the Diary the following specimen of versi- 
fication by him ; — 

" A MANIFESTO OP KING JAMES' EUIN." 

Hark, most unhappy and deluded king, 

Untx) the cause that did thy ruin bring ; 

For thee the sockless child and parent mourn 'd, 

When th' trees 'ith west were unto gallows turned ; 

For thee time-serving favourites appear'd 

When neither truth nor justice cou'd be heard ; 

For thee the Popish judges gave the cause 

Against all right, and liberty, and laws ; 

For thee some faulty doctors did betray 

Their church ; mandamus's they had for pay. 

The freeman in his land was quite undone, 

And the miser scarce could call his gold his owa ; 

For thee poor Teague was forced to run away, 

To save his bones he fled without his pay ; 

For thee the merchant had lost all his trade, 

And hence the seaman was in harbor stay'd ; 

In spite of law thou didst our law suspend, 

And fain would new ones had to serve thy end. 

Thy patriot's aim in all their loyal votes 

Was to invent and contenance sham plots ; 

By thee no credit in the land was left, 

And little coin not counterfeit nor clip'd ; 

Yet still thy loyal slaves desire to be 

Under their former yoke of tyranny, 

To their own country's good they're strangers grown. 

Peace they would have abroad but war at home. 

AVhat wonderous fools they are all will conclude 

To call thee just who never kept thy word. 

Bewitch'd they're sure to sign the Popish rolls, 

That priests may suck their blood and d — n their souls. 

Will. Eratt, M.A., Minist. de Hatfield, f. 

The Rev. Wm. Eratt was buried at Hatfield 30th March, 1702. The arms 
borne by his family, as they appeared on Dr. Eratt's gravestone in Doncaster 
church, were : — A fess between three estoiles, — See Mon. Ins. Jcvckson's St. 
George's Church, Doruiaster, p, 112, 



180 THE DIABY OF 

of respect unto us, and when we let liim see the mapps he was 
exceedingly pleasd tlierewith, and sayd they were exceeding fine 
and neat, well contrived, and mighty decent, etc., and asked se- 
veral times before he signed them, whether every one was content 
and willing, and well pleased at the regulations made, wiiich they 
•all affii'md they were. Then he signed them, thanked us all, 
talked a while, and as he was going out, he turned again and 
told us he would next year come to Hatfield, would give us a 
month's notice, and would confirm there, etc. 

7th. Tliis very day Mr. Theseus Moor," our next neighbour, 
eaused,a hen to be killd for his Sunday dinner, but, when they had 
killd her, they were all amazd when they begun to o, en, all 
between her body and her skin was contained a huge quantity 
of a transparent matter, just like starr shot jelly (about an inch 
thick in most places, and spread round about almost all over her). 
It was a water contained in tough bladers, very adherent one to 
another, but not glutinous, nor had it any smell or tast. The whole 
quantity of this stuff is almost as heavy as the whole hen. I have 
a good quantity of it, which I do intend to try experiments on. 
The hen thrive[d] very well, and ate heartily, seenid to be very 
fatt, and nobody suspected that she aild any thing. 

Her distemper was perhaps a kind of a dropsy, or a gather- 
ing together of a subcutanious water, occasioned by the obstruc- 
tion of the pores of the skin, which were perhaps filld up by 
some blasting or some excess or storm of this could winter, for it 
has been observed that some ones, that have been great starr 
gazers in winter nights, have by the could contracted a distemper, 
which has obstructed the pores of the skin, and caused the va- 
pours, that were to exhale, to gather between the skin and the body 
etc., an instance of which in a man is in the Transactions of the 
E.S. for the year 1665 p. 138. 

I borrowed not long ago two MS. in folio of Mr. Hall,'' 

" On the 30th Nov., 1699, Theseus Moore surrendered in the court of the 
manor of Dunscroft, by the hands of Peter Prim, one of the tenants, a house in 
Hatfield to Sarah Prim, the Diarist's mother, who was then admitted. 10th March, 
1718, Sarah Pryme,by Peter Pryme, surrendered the premises, described as a mes- 
suage or cottage at the east end of Hatfield, near the church, in which William 
Marryottlately dwelt, to Margaret Greenhalgh, wo- She, by will, IGth Oct., 1740, 
devised it to her daughter, Emelia Dela Pryme, wo. ; by whose devisees, Jamea 
De la Pryme, of Sheffield, and James Greatrex, of Manchester, it passed, 28th 
Feb., 1772, to the Rev. Francis Proctor, Incumbent of Hatfield. Of his descen- 
dants, the Rev. Thomas Fox, a subsequent incumbent, purchased, from whom 
it has come to his son, Mr. W. J. Fox, solicitor, who has obligingly communi- 
cated this information. 

<^ 1695-6. Johannes Hall, cler., et Sarah Perkins, Vid., 17th Feb. (Mar- 
riage at Fishla/ce, ex inform. Rev. G, Ornsby, Vic.) 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 181 

min[ister] of Fishlake, who had mar[ried] the relict of 

Mr. Perkins/ 

The first I have entitled : 

Of theantiquityof Ensigns and Armes, to which is joined acatal[ogue], of the 
Creation of the Nobility of every King since the Conquest to Queen Elizabeth's 
days. By Thomas Perkins, of Fishlake, Esq. 

The other I have entit ed : 

A book of the arms and pedegrees of many of the Yorkshire nobility and 
gentry : Collected by Thomas Perkins, of Fishlake, Esq. 

In which last book is contained the pedegrees of the Anns, of 
Ask, of Bigod, Bruce, Bohun, Babthorp, Boynton, Birdhead,-^ 
Barmby, Beiston, Clarrel, Copley, Constable, Clare, Castelion, 
Denman, Eastoft, Frobisher, Furnival, Ferrers, Fitzwilliam, 
Fairfax, Gascoign, Harrington, Hilliard, Hilton, Holm, Hotham, 
Hastings, Lov . ., Lovetoft, Lacy, March, Montney, Melton, 
Marshal, Nigil, Nevil, Oldwarck, Peck, Portington, Perkins, 
Quinzy, Rotherfield, Rockley, Rearsby, Stappleton, Sothell, 
Swift,' Strangbow, Skearn, Salvin, Stanfield, Talboys, Talbot, 
Triggot, Urslet, Vernon, Westby, Wortley, Wallis, Wentworth, 
Worral, Woodrofe and Wombel. 

" 14th June, 1694, Johannes Hall, clericus, admissus fuit ad inserviendum 
curje animarum in ecclesia de Gisbrough, in eccl. de Upletham, et in eccl. de 
Fishlake, disec. Ebor." 

He had a son, John Hall, who was Fellow of St- John's College, Cambridge. 
24th May, 1719, in the church of S'- Mary, in Nottingham, "Johannes Hall, A.B., 
e coll. Jesu Cantab." was ordained deacon, and priest in York Minster on 
March 5th, 1720-1. On April 4th, 1722, Johannes Hall, clericus, A.M., admissus 
fuit ad inserviendum curse animarum in ecclesia de Gisborough, ac etiam in 
eccl. de Upleatham, in com. et diaec. Ebor. His successor, Kichd. Cuthbert, 
A.M., was admitted to the same cures 20th Nov., 1722. The son died in 1722, 
aged only 26, and was buried in the church at Hatfield, where there is a monu- 
ment to his memory, with the following inscription :— (Arms, arg.. a chev. engr. 
between 3 talbots heads erased sable). 

Juxta situs est 
Vir ver^ Eximius et Marmore Dignua 

Johannes Hall, A.M.: 

Colleg. Jesu Cantab, nuperus e socijs, 

Ecclesise apud Guisbrough Pastor 

Fidus et Amabilis. 

Primsev£e puritatis Indagator Sagax, 

Pietatis .^Emulator Sanctissimus, 

Vixit Filius, Frater, Amicus, Optimus : 

Oi)ijt, ah Juvenis 1 

.ffitemitati tamen (si quis alius), maturus 

A.C. 1722, ^tat. 26. 

Imitemur. 

' On the 4th Feb. 1721, Thoresby was engaged in the afternoon " making aa 
index to Mr. Perkins's manuscripts till near evening."— Ui^ry, ii,, 34. 
/ i.e. Burdett. 



182 THE DIARY OF 

In the first there is . . pages, in the second thoi'e is 232. 

He has lent me also the fragment of an old MS. Chron[icle] 
in which are several things very observable, especially that about 
St. Augustine the monk killing many hundreds of the Brittans, 
because they would not submit to him, and acknowledge the Pope 
for universal Bishop. 

At Trumfleet' water mills there [are] commonly every May 
such vast numbers of young eels comes over the Avheels with the 
waters and runs into the mill, that they are forced to give over 
working, and to send into the town for the swine to devour them, 
for they are innumerable as the sand on the sea shore. 

I was a fishing in Went the other day. It is a narrow river, 
not over six yards over, but the crookedest and the deepest that 
ever I saw in my life, thei'efore it is rightly called Went, which 
signifys deep in Welsh. Every turn of tlie river makes a great 
bogg on the other side, on which the water is thrown by the 
current; and there is delicate fish therein; but such quantitys 
of eels that the like was never seen. Sometimes there will break 
out, or fall out of the hollow bank sides, when people are a fish- 
ing, such vast knots of eels, almost as bigg as a horse, that they 
break all their netts in pieces. 

Wroot church is of pretty great antiquity (but not so old as 
it is pretended, to witt, antienter than Lincoln minster). It is 
dedicated nnto St. Peter, as may appear by its feast, which 
always has been, and is, kept upon St. Peter's day unto this 
time ; tho' I have seen an old will in which was this sayd, that 
he gave five shillings to the altar of St. Pancratius, in Wroot.'' 

There is a famous k[ing] of the gipsys, that's call'd Mr. 
Bosvill,' a mad spark, that, haveing an estate of about two 

s A hamlet in the township and parish of Kirk-Sandal, six miles west from 
Thorne, west-riding of Yorkshire. 

'' The village of Wroot is situate on the west side of the Isle of Axholme, 
Lincolnshire, about five miles westward from Epworth. 

Stonehouse (Isle of Axholme, p. 385), states that this church " was rebuilt 
in the year 1794, on the old site, and about the same dimensions. The antient 
fabric, like the present, consisted only of a nave and a chancel," etc. He does 
not say to whom it is dedicated. At the present day the inhabitants appear to 
consider that they enjoy the patronage of St. Peter." In the Duncaster Ckronicle, 
of 16th July, 1869, it was stated that, at that place, " the feast, or anniversary of 
the dedication of the parish church, commenced on Sunday last," 11th July, 
which was old St- Peter's day. 

• Hunter notices him (Charles Bosvill) in South Yorli&ldrc, i., p. 68. 
Miller, in his History of Doncaster, p. 237, erroneously calls him James 
Bosvill. The following is the entry of his burial in the Register at Rossington, 
near Doncaster : "Charles Bosvill was buried on Sunday, January 30th, 1708-9, 
without affidavit." "This person," observes Hunter, "is still remembered in 
the traditions of the village as having established a species of sovereignty 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRTME. 183 

hundred per annum, yet runs about. He is mighty fine and 
brisk, and keeps comp[any] with a great many gentlemen, 
knifjhts and esq[uires]. 

Hoppkinson's MS/ collections are now in the hands of Mr. 
Thomtx)n, of Leeds ; there is another coppy more correct, with 
additions, in the hands of Mr. Parker, formerly of Marlow, now 
near unto Skvpton in Craven. 

On the 26 of May last, about five in the morning, in a dry 
time, I went into the garden and gathered a pint or two of dew, 
and having filtered it through a clean cloth I put it in three 
glasses, one of which I cork'd fast, the other httle at all, just tokeep 
dust out, and the other not at all, the first and the last I set in 
the north window of my chamber, and the second in the south 
window against the sun, the second soon grew greenish, and so 
continues ;'that which was stopt fast continues its first colour almost 
as pellucid as water; but that which was not stopp'd is of a golden 
colour like urine. 

About the 10th of June I took the aforesayd bottle that was 
unstopp'd and set it in my south window, and put both into it, 
and into the other that had stood in the south window from the 
first, a wheat com apiece; the wheat corn in that which had stood 
in the south window all along germinated and shot forth roots, 
a stalk, and two blades many inches long, but the other is not 
yet germinated. 

among that singnlar people called the gypsies, -vrho, before the inclosures. used 
to frequent the moors about Eossington. His -word amonest them was law ; 
and his authority so great that he perfectly restrained the pilfering propensities 
for which the tribe is censured, and gained the entire good will for himself and 
his people of the farmers and the people around. He was a similar character to 
Bampfield Moore Carew. who. a little later, lived the same kind of wandering 
life. No member of this wandering race for many years passed near Eossing- 
ton without goinc to pav respect to the grave of him whom they called their 
king : and I am informed that even now. if the question were asked of any of 
the people who still haunt the lanes in this neighbourhood, especially about the 
time of Doncaster races, they would answer that they were " Bosvile's people." 
Miller savs that one of the" accustomed rites of the gypsies from the south, 
when they visited Bosvill"s grave, was to pour a flagon of ale thereon. In the 
burial register of Tickhill. a few miles from Eossington. occurs, " 1C93. July 
the 25th. Susanna, daughter of Charles Boswell. gent., a stranger." In the 
church of Winslow. co. Bucks, it is said that under a flat stone " lieth the body 
of Edward Boswell, gent., who died Aug. 30th, 1C89." of whom it it a tradition 
in the parish that he was king of the beggars. Topographer, vol. i.. p. 53. 

Id the church vard of Beighton. co. Derby, is a stone in memory of Matilda 
Bosswell. who died Janrv. 15, 1844, aged 4U ; also of Lucretia Smith, "Queen of 
the Gypsies." who died js'ov. 20th. 1844. aged 72. Again, at Calne. is one for 
Inverto Boswell, with the figure of a horse rampant, of which a coloured draw- 
ing was exhibited at the meeting of the Wiltshire Archseological Society at 
Chippenham in Sept., 1655. bv Mr. Alfred Keene. of Bath. 

3 These MSS. are now divided between the British Museum and Matthew 
"Wilson, Esq., of Eshton Hall. 



184 THE DIARY OF 

Mr. Robert Geree/that has the MSS. of Bish[opl Sanderson, 
cont[aining] the his[tor)'] of Lincolnshire, lives at Islington, and 
and is minister there. 

In the digging of the well at Mr. Place's, at Winterton afore- 
sayd, they found the earth and stone thus, three yard sand, one 
foot fine warp, in which was found the ear of a pot, two foot 
deeper a blew clay, under that, a foot deeper, a blew stone, in 
the surface of which was found wood, half wood, half stone. 

The Marquess of Normanby's hall, or pallace raither, at Nor- 
manby, by Burton in Lincolnshire, was built, most part of the 
hewn stone of it, out of Butterwick chappel' which was pulled 
down to build it 

Several projectors have been exceeding busy this last sessions 
of parliament to have had the rivers Ayre and Chalder navigable, 
and there has been the greatest lugging and pulling on both 
Bides, the one to effect, the other to hinder the same, that ever 
was known, and thousands of pet[it]ions have been sent up pro and 
con about the same ; but the parlament has broke up before that 
the bill was three times read. 

There is huge papers in print of reasons both for and against 
it, but those on the latter side are farr the strongest, tho some of 
them are weak enough, as for example this. In the bill the}' say 
that the sea hath water enough to supply all rivers, and that the 
making or cutting of never so many rivers out of or into any 
antient river will not abate the tide of such antient river, which 
(this answer says) is falls [false] and then proceeds thus. The sea 
onely continues flowing six hours, and such flowing is received 
into the rivers as their proportion affords room fur the time to 
receive the same. The river Humber, being larg, first takes in the 
tide plentifully where it flows about twenty-four foot at Hull, and 
from thence continues about twenty five miles to Owse mouth, 
where it flows sixteen foot, thence continues about ten miles to 
the mouth of Ayre (the river growing narrower), where it flows 
twelve foot, and at York flows onely two foot and a half, and that 
which is very observable is that the water ebbs at the mouth of 
the river Humber an houer before that it beginns to flow at the 
mouth of the river Ayre. That no more water can come out of the 

* See antca, p. 17G. 

' It is said that one of the family, George SheflSeld, great uncle to the 
Marquess of Isormanby, " broke his neck in a new riding house, said to have 
been made out of an old consecrated chapel." — Stomfiouse, p. 270. 

Compare this with what the Diarist says in the Hi-gf. of Winterton (Arch/ro- 
loffia), about Ferriby Sluce being built out of Butterwick Chapel. The present 
hall at Normaiiby is a new structure, built ou the site of the old one by the late 
Bir Kobert Sheffield. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYBIE. 185 

sea but what came in before the ebb, so tliat the making any new 
CLitts out of the river Ouse will take out and lessen or divert part 
of the tide of the said river, as is proved by experience, there 
having been a new river at Gowle (about four miles nearer the 
sea' than the mouth of the river Ayre), for the draining of Hat- 
field Chase into the river Ouse. A sluce was erected to hinder 
the tide of Ouse from flowing into the sayd Gool river, and 
while the sayd sluce was kept in repair, the tide at York flowed 
two foot more than it does now, but the sluce falling into decay, 
about forty years since (which the country is not able to make 
up), Gowl river takes so much of the tyde that York hath lost 
two foot of their tyde. 

'Tis true that Gool does take some of their tyde back, not 
half so much as is here pretended, because that it is fenced out 
with huge stathes, for, if all the water might be suflPerd to come 
in that would, it would weare the entrance or mouth of the river 
a vast bredth and dround and destroy the whole Levels. When 
the tides dos come, and the water rises, the Ouse water is a great 
deal higher than the water in this river, tho' it pouers therein all 
it can, because the narrownes of the mouth hinders its flowing in 
so fast as to keep it with a level with Ouse. 

July 26. We have all of us been this week voteing for par- 
lament men at York. The three competi[t]ors were the Lord 
Downs, Lord Farefax, and Sir John Kay ; with much to do after 
a soor pull, we got the two Lords chosen. The common-free inhabi- 
tants that made above 40s. a year of their common did, accor- 
ding as formerly, swear themselves worth above 40s a year free- 
hold, and were acordingly polld. Our common is freehold unto 
us, and the lord has nothing to do with it. We have charter for 
the same.'" 

"* The following letter is interleaved : — 

•' Mellwood, 1st Aug., 1698. 
•' KiNDE SB-. 

" I am pritty well assured that both your selfe and brother are 
freeholders in our county. If you please both of you to be so kinde as honor me 
■with your good companys and interest on Wednesday next at Lincolne, it 
"would be a very obliging favour. And as I aske for myself, so I likewise begg 
ye same favour for my friend the Champion, wherein you shall ever oblige, 

" Yor- faithfull humble 

" Servt., 

" Geo. Whichcot. 
" All the clergy and neighbourhood in the Isle goe along with me, will meet 
altogether at the watering place two miles on this side Lincoln, on Wednesday 
morning by nine of the clock, and so goe into Lincolne together. 

" All the clergy goe into Lincolne to-morrow and will be glad of your good 
companys. 



186 THE DIARY OF 

I found in tlie newse at York that one Mr. Ardslej, a Quaker, 
is chosen parlament man for Wicham, which is such as was 
never known before ; but it came to be voted whether he should 
sit or no, so he was cast out. 

I have this day bought several old Roman coins of the bas 
empier for shillings a piece that were digged up at Alburrow, not 
far of of Burrowbrigs, at which place not long ago was found, as 
a man was plowing, a great plate of gold, which the country 
clown sold for five shillings to a Scotchman, who, coming over 
the field, chanced to see it, who sold it again for fifty pounds. 

I was very well acquainted in Cambridge" with an ingenious 
young man, one Tim[othy] Wallice, whose father, as I have lately 
heard, is minist[er] of a town in or near Holderness ; which man, 
about fourteen years ago, had so violent a fitt of the cold palsy, 
that, when he was recoverd out of it, he had forgot every thing, 
and was become a perfect ignorant man again. For when he 
was recovered, he could remember nothing of his former life or 
of his actions, nor nothing, so that he could neither write nor read, 
nor know his own children, so that he was forced to learn both 
to read and write after, and the other things that people learns 
when they are young. After which time he has had at least half 
a score fitts more (which is as strange as the aforegoing), but 
always stoppd them before that they came to the height by a 
most excellent palsy water which he has gotten. 

"[Addressed] To the Eeverend Mr. Abraham Prim, or to his brother Mr. 
Peter Prim. Present." 

" The Diarist has here interleaved the following letter from his college 
friend Bennet, to which no year is given, and for the month it seems to be 
placed not where it should be. 

" Dear S 

" I received y^. letter and humbly thank you, and do by this answer 
assure you how willing I am to renew yr- former acquaintance. You desire to 
know. Si"-, wt- proficiency I have made in Heb. or Arab., but alas Sr. I am sensible 
I am master of nothing, and though I- were as learned as I could wish myself, 
yet it does not become me to talk of my own abilities. As for news of books I 
am pretty much a stranger to them, not going as I used to ye booksellers, for I 
keep myself pretty retired, and mind such studies as yt my reading will not be 
able to furnish you with any memories ; though otherwise I should be extreamly 
ready. I heartily wish you all ye success imaginable in y^- studies. That MS. 
of Butcher's is called Antiquity Reviemed and his design is to treat of the counties, 
but if ever I observe anything in it, of yt nature you speak, I shall take notice 
of it. Yr- chamber fellow Sibbald (now Harvy Soph in order to his degree in 
physick) has signelized his behaviour. Rob. Eead is troubled with an as- 
thma. 

" I am, Sr.. 

" Yr- humble servant, 

"Feb. 18. "T. B.[ennet]. 

" (Addressed).— These To Mr. Abraham Pryra at Broughton, near Glenford 
Brigg, in Lincolshire." 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 187 

Sept 1. On the first of September, being then at Hatfield 
carrying on my history of that town, I was met with by the 
ingenious and reverend Mr. Banks," rector of the High Church of 
Hull, who, declaring that he wanted a Reader there, enticed me 
to go and accept of the place, which, after a while consideration, 
I did. 

The town is a very fine town, exceeding well governed, and 
kept in very great aw. There is two sermons every Sunday, and 
a sermon every Wednesday. There is seven or eight hospitals in 
the town, and yet, for all that, the maintaining of the poor cost them 
about 1700/. a year, etc. I shall give a greater account of this 
town hereafter, if Grod please, for I have some thoughts of writing 
the history of it. 

Towards the middle of this month, Mr. Banks going to York 
to preach his course sermon, I gave with him an Elenchus Lihromm 
et Capitum Historice mece Hatfieldiensis, to shew the Bishop, who 
took it very kindly, and shewd it to the famous editor of so many 
old chronicles, the learned Doct[or] Gale,^ who was likewise very 
glad thereof; who sent word to me that he would be very glad to be 
acquainted with me, and would feign see me. 

As soon as the time of the Ordination came on I went to 
York, and from thence to Bishopthorpe, to get into priests orders. 
Having been examined by the Bishop's two chaplains, who 
made me conster in the Greek Testament and in Cicero's Epistles, 
and having asked me a great many questions, how I proved the 
being of the Trinity against the Socinians, and such like, I then 
went to the Bishop, who likewise asked me a great many ques- 
tions relating to divinity, and then fell of talking of antiquitys^ 
asked me ^vhether I had any old coins, whether I had any in my 
pocket, to which I answered "yes," and, upon his desire, shewd 
him several, which he was well pleased at, and bid me pursue my 
studdys, and I shov;ld not want encouragement. He sayd he 
liked my design of Hatfield very well, but sayd that I could not 

" Eobert Banks, A.M., of Christ's Coll., Cambridge — Vicar of Trinity- 
Church, Hull, 1689 — -1715 ; Prebendary of Stilliogton at York, and Rampton at 
Southwell ; a correspondent of Thoresbj' and Sir Philip Sydenham. Married 
Millicent, dau. of Sir Edward Rodes, and widow of Cliarles Hutton, esq., of 
Poppleton. On 14th Feb., 1714-15, admo"- was granted to Millicent, his widow. 

P Thomas Gale, S.T.P., of the family of Gale, of Scruton, the well-known 
scholar and antiquary. He was Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge ; 
master of St. Paul's School, 1672-1697 ; and Dean of York from 1697 to 1702. 
He is better known for his historical collections than for his classical works, 
although he was an excellent scholar. His collection of MSS. is in the Library 
of Trinity College, Cambridge. Roger and Samuel Gale, both of them antiqua- 
ries of repute, were his sons. 



188 THE DIARY OF 

prove what I proposed in the three or four first chapters of my 
Elenehus, but only by conjecture and probability, to which I re- 
plied that that was enough where nothing else was to be had, 
etc. 

Then I went to Mr. Dean, that is the aforesayd famous Doct- 
[or] Gale, who was very glad to see me ; Avith whom I had a 
great deal of discourse. He enquired of me about old MSS. and 
historys, for he is yet collecting all he can towards another 
vollume of authors, two vollumes being allready published by 
him, to his great honour and the good of the whole nation. He 
tells me [he] has searched all England, Scotland, and Ireland, 
and can find no author older than Bede, and says that all that 
has written some hundreds of years after him took all what they 
had of former times out of him. 

He says that Venerable Bede in his lifetime published two 
editions of his history ; the first was small and is yet extant in 
MS., which small one K[ing] Alfrid, lighting on, translated into 
Saxon, which was printed in the same by Wheelock. He says 
that Wheeloc was a very superficial fellow, and that he scarce 
understood what he pretended to publish, as plainly appears, says 
he, by the Saxon MSS. he made use of in his edition, for he 
publish'd the very west of them, full of barbaritys and errors, and 
left the best in MSS. 

The larger edition that Bede set out in his lifetime is that 
which is so common, printed also with the Saxon of the small 
one by Wheeloc. He says that he found the same in MSS. above 
six hundred years old, written in the Saxon character, which he 
compaird with the present Bede, as he did a great many more, 
but found no material difference betwixt them. 

He says, that he fully believes that whatever is related of 
Hatfield, in Bede, must be Hatfield by Doncaster. 

He says that the Romans, in their marches, always pitch their 
camp on the south side of rivers in England, with the river 
between them and their enemy's. Says that the antient citty of 
York was undoubtedly all of it on the south side of Owse, and 
says that he believes that the first church that Edwin built in 
York was not where the minster now stands, but that it was in 
the old citty upon or near Bishops hill, near Skeldergate postern, 
etc. 

He says that the great battel, mentioned in Bede to be fought 
in Winwid field, or Winwid stream, was not near Ayre, as Mr. 
Thorsby in the new edition of Cambeden has affirmed, but that it 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYJIE. 189 

was near tho river Went, formerly called Wennet, and before 
that time Winnid.'' 

He told me of a battel fought by the river Dun by King 
Arthur, &c., and, having encouraged me in my studdys, I took 
my leave of him. 

The Sunday following I was ordain'd. The chair ;.'s wa uft 
eleven shillings, besides my jorney charges, etc., 

Mr. Dean is a mighty ingenious man ; keeps correspondance 
with all the learned men in England, and has searched all the 
kingdome over for old MSS., which he is for publishing, but can 
find none no where older than, [or] better than, those he has pub- 
lished. 

He sa'^'; Sir. ?'im[on] Dews was a very braggodocio and 
superficially learnd fellow, that he pretending [pretended] to things 
he neither knew nor were able to perform. 

OcTOB. 25. There is at present great noise in the country, 
and many virulent books written about one Dugdale' of Suzy, in 
Lancashire, who pretended formerly to be possessd, and the pres- 
biterians pretend that they, after a great many prayers and fastings, 
cast the divel out, tho' it is a plain cheat and an abominable 
imposture, and whether Mr. Joly, the great presbiterian, knew of 
it or no is uncertain. However, he makes it his by his foolish 
defending of it. 

Nov. 2. K[ing] 'W[illiam] is not comed over yet from be- 
yond sea that we hear of. 'Tis observable of him that he cannot 
stay or abide long under deck, it makes him so exceeding sick, so 

' In a letter from the Diarist to Ralph Thoresby,. dated May 17th, 1703 
{Thoreshy CorresjH))idence, vol. ii., p. 3), he alludes to "the pretended battle of 
King Edwin at our Hatfield, which," he says, "since, I have found belongs to 
Edwinstone, in Nottinghamshire, i.e., the plain above the river Vinvid, or Win- 
wid-stream, was. Dr. Gale would needs persuade me always that it was our 
river Went that divides this manor from PoUington, but I always told him 
again that I thought that was rather Winnet by Stapleton, called Innet, in 
Cheshire or Lanceshire, from a charter in the Mo)i. AngL, vol. i., and, I think, 
p. 862, where Rob. de Lacy grants to the monks of Kirkstal communitatem 
totius moras quse vocatur Winnemoor, et unam acram terras in Winnet et 
occidentali parte pontis super ripam aquee." 

'■ Hunter alludes to him as •' a wretched imposter named Dugdale, living 
in the wildest parts of Lancashire, whose artifice falling iu with the opinions of 
too many of the Puritans respecting possession, many were deceived, and 
especially some of the most influential amongst their ministers. A catalogue 
of the tracts relating to this affair may be .seen in Gough's British Topography, 
vol. i., 506. Mr. Carrington, who published the first account of this person, 
was a young minister, then lately settled at Lancaster." — Thoresby's Diary, 
vol. i., p. 296, note. 



190 THE DIARY OF 

that he is oftentimes forced to have a great chair tyd above deck 
to the mast, and there to sit sometimes many hours together with 
his nobles about him. 

Doct[or] Fall,' prsecentor of York, did lately acquaint Mr. 
Wesley that father Simon, the author of many books, did employ 
him to speak to. 

Having lately recieved a kind letter from Mr. Taylor, I have 
this day returned him this following answer to the same. 

Eeverend Sir, 

Haveing been most of this month seeking antiquitys in ye country, T re- 
cieved your kind and oblieging letter as soon as I got home, and am exceeding 
glad to understand your good resolution of not laying down ye prosecution of ye 
Sury cause, tho' your great and worthy studys otherwise might move you to y® 
same. 

I cannot but wonder sometimes at yo fate of writers, just as this very busi- 
ness has called you from other weighty studies, which ye vanity (as you are 
pleased to term it) of your fancy led you to think might have been of 
some service to ye publick, even so has it liappend to me, none of all ye skan- 
dalous lying pamphlets that ye godly have published these many years awaked 
me so much as this pretended divel they'd conjurd up, it being in my eys like to 
do more mischief, not only amongst ye mobb, but also amongst others that are 
superficialy learnd, and that cannot penetrate into ye depth of ye design, so that 
I flung by my Hist[ory] and Antiq[uities] of Hatfield, near Doncaster, my 
HiBt[ory] and Antiq[uities] of ye famous citty of Jerusalem from its first build- 
ing unto this day, my Introduction to ye excellent knowledge and studdy of 
Antiquitys, my Origins of jS'ations and Languages, some almost finished, and took 
pen in hand to draw up something to quell this monster of ye godly with, in 
such a form, and on such heads, as I have in my former letter mention'd unto 
you. But, as for my performance, I have neither had time nor opportunity nor 
those plenty of books that are requisite to make such an undertaking either 
perfect or indifferent, yet, upon ye reception of your kind letter, I have begun to 
review and new modell the same, but what I shall do therewith I know not yet, 

I am very glad of that challeng that you give ye papist priests, and their 
brethren in iniquity, about ye existence of corporial possessions in these latter 
days, not doubting at all but that it may easily be proved that they are all 
seasd long ago, as 1 haye briefly indeavourd to shew from ye fathers, councells, 
and divines, of ye Church of England. 

But that I am so farr of off your country, and has so much business on my 
hands, I would willingly make a jorney on purpose to examin Dugdale, for to 
try to make him confess his knavery, and shew how he did his tricks, and who set 
him on work. I humbly move this unto you to enquire furder into him, by spys 
and underhand, and secret dealings and examinations, and to see to catch him in 
drink, and such like ways, as also after ye same manner to pump his father and 
relations, who must necessarily be confederate with him. 

You promise, towards ye latter end of your letter, that if I desire to see the 
heads of ye chapters of your MS. you will communicate them. If ycu please 
you may, and I shall communicate anything I have. You add furder that 
I may do you a great kindness in somethings which relate to things you could 
not so handsomly take notice of in your sheets. To this I answer as freely as 

* James Fall was at one time Principal of the University of Glasgow, and 
in 1692 he became precentor at York, and subsequently Archdeacon of Cleve- 
land. He was buried in York Minster June 13th, 1711, He edited the works 
of Archbishop Leighton, 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 191 

to ye former, that, if you please to name what it is that may be acceptable unto 
your design, I shall very willingly communicate it unto you. 

Above all things I desire a furder correspondence with you, and, if you please, 
ye knowledge of Those other works that you are working upon. In honouring 
me as above, and acquainting me with which, you will exceedingly obliege 

Your most affectionate and humble broth, and serv., 
Hull, Novemb. 25, 1698. Abk. Pryme. 

This day I was with one Mr. Fiddis/ a minister in Holder- 
ness, who told me that, about six years ago, going to bed at a 
friend's house, some had out of rogueryfixed a long band to the 
bedclose where he lay. About half an houer after he was got to 
bed they begun to pull, which, drawing the bedclose of by degrees 
put him into a suddain fright, and, looking up, he did really think 
and believe that he saw two or three spirits stirring and moveing 
about the bed, and says but that he discovered the string, and 
the partys confessing the fraud, he durst almost have sworn that 
he realy saw Strang things, which shews the effects of suddain 
frights. 

" Wigan, Dec. 27, '98. 
" Kevd. Sr., 

The throng of business upon my hands, when your letter came, occasioned 
my deferring to answer it till I had more leisure, for I was desirous to have 
my first book transcribed, that in these holidays my friends might peruse it. 
The heads of the chapters that it consists of are these. 

1. Qxdd per damonium a quo doemoniaci sunt dictl in sacra jjaglna intelli- 
gendum est. 

2. An si7it doemomaci (viz.) homines mnlo splrltu corporaliter accepti. 

3. Qui sint doemoniaci quoad corpus affectl ? 

4. Qui sint doemoniaci q%ioad animam affccti ? 

5. Unde Jit quod spiritus mains, et animam Sf- corpses dcemoniacorum suo 
arbitrio ullatenus vindicat. 

6. -Exturbatio dcEinoninn Evangelica inter opera, quce 3Uraculu,m postulant 
ponenda est. 

7. Pseudexorcistas esse plurim.os, quormri opere Satanas collusive Satanam 
ejicit. 

8. Exorcizandi Charisma, quamdiu in ecclesiaflorehat. 

9. Dcsmoniaci vere et proprie dicti quomodo sint dignoscendi? 

10. Daanonii j^otestate Divina ejecti Criteria. 

11. Pseudexorcistoe, ut dignoscantur. 

12. Miraculosa Dei potestas in dccnioniis exp\ignandis ut dignoscatur. 

" The second book will wholly be a Thesis on the question I sent you showing 
from the aforesaid principles that there is no such thing as dcemoniacks among 
Christians. The fanatical villany at the Surey led me to inquire into these mat- 
ters, and diverted my thoughts from prosecuting an attempt at accommodating 
(as far as possible) the LXX. version, and the Hebrew text, wch. in a short time 
now I hope to return to. It bears this title, jVassora duplex ; sive Puritat 
Textus Hebraici ex hac parte ex ilia Versionis LXX.viralis, mutuis inter se 
collationibus et adminiculis. Qua potuit Industria, sibi ipsis restituta. I have 

< For an account of Richard Fiddis and his works, see Davies' Memoirs of 
the York Press, pp. 123-5. 



192 TPIE DIARY OF 

some years since finished an essay towards it on ye New Testament, wch. I 
intend for a preface, wch. (when the poet's date is out, and it wants not much of 
it, no mnrupie prematiir in aiL)ium),\l God preserves my life and health, shall see 
the light. This sort of learning leads me to dip a little in the Orientall 
languages (I say dip, for I cannot pretend to be a master of them), and if any 
observations I have made may be assisting to you in your treatise of the origin of 
nations and languages (which, as the others you are ingaged in, will be of ex- 
cellent use) on the least intimation you may command them : and I think you 
do very judiciously in joining these two together, for I think the dialects, etc., 
of languages to be the best rationall guide we have to judge of the origin of 
nations, after what we have from revelation and history. 

" The Surey impostor is so arch a knave that he stands on his guard, and all 
the means we have used to bring him to a confession are fruitless, wch. confirms 
me in my opinion that ye Popish preists were at the bottom of it, for he dares 
not own a correspondence with them ; besides the distance I live from him is 
so great that I cannot attend his motions, and some who are near, that should 
liave undertaken the cause themselves, were not so serviceable to me as they 
might have been. 

" The pleasure I intimated you miglit do me, when you publish your papers, was 
some reflections wch. the dissenters are pleased to make on me, on account of my 
father, as if I should, against his conscience, have pressed him to confor- 
mity, of wch., when your papers are ready for the press, 1 shall give you a full 
account. 

" The stationer at London, Jones, yt is to print my answers, I fear is a knave, 
and communicates ym- to the adverse party, for he has had them in his hands 
since the beginning of September, and I can yet hear nothing of them. 

" I know not but that I may he cal'd to London the next month about our 
Election here for Parliament men : I find myself ye inconvenience of not 
having a corrector of the press at London, and if any treatise of your's will be 
finish'd by that time (if I be there), I shall be ready to serve you in that 
office, as being, 

" Sr.. 

" yr. humble servt- and bro., 

" Zach. Taylor." 

" Our town being a post town, your readyest direction of your letters will be to 
me at Wigan, without taking notice of Manchester, for that may occasion a 
miscarriage. 

" [Addressed.] For the Rvd. Mr. Abraham Pr3rme, at his house over against 
the Great Church in Kingston-upon-HuU, in Yorkshire, these." 

Having received a large pacquet of papers from Doct. John- 
ston, with a letter, I returned him this answer. 

The pacquet was eight or ten sheets of collections of pedegrees, 
monuments, and raritys that I had sent him last spring, which I 
desired again as soon as he had done with them. 

" The writer of this letter, Zachary Taylor, was the son of another 
Zachary Taylor, master of Kirkham School. He was rector of Croston. This 
letter adds not a little to the information of him that we possess. He seems 
to have been a learned Hsebraist, but the subject uppermost in his mind when 
he was vvrriting this letter was the case of James Dugdale, the pretended 
demoniac of Surey, near Whalley. Into this controversy Taylor threw him- 
self with no little enthusiasm, and two or three pamphlets attest his skill. A 
man was certain to arouse a number of hornets in those days who said a word 
against the popular belief in witchcraft. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 193 

Honoured Sr- 

It being my fate to stay commonly no longer in one place than till 
I have got the antiquitys thereof, and the view of what MSS. and old deeds 
that I can meet with, having heard that there was several old things at Hull, 
which would be very acceptible unto me, 'tis about sixteen weeks ago that I 
removed thither, and, going over ye last week unto Hatfield, I found the packet 
of papers that you had directed for me at Mr. Hatfield's. They were but just 
come to his hands, and where they had lay'd ever since ye 22d of July, (for that 
is ye date of them), I know not. I received your letter with ye same, and shall 
here answer to those things that you desire, as far as I at present can, being 
both now absent from my books and my other helps. I am glad that ye papers 
about Doncaster and ye description of ye church found acceptance at your 
hands. As to ye coats of arms that you enquire about, they are all excel- 
lently and gloriously cut in great scutchions in stone, a foot and a half or 
thereabouts in length, in ye ringing loft of ye steeple," standing half a foot 
out of ye stone work of ye steeple, and all of them hangs as it were in 
their natural position but one (tho' which I have forgotten), which lys side- 
ways ; which intimates, I suppose, that ye owner was dead before ye steeple 
was finish'd. As for ye order of succession of ye arms I have forgot that, 
but I remember furder that in other great shields over ye sayd arms, on 
ye four inner sides of ye steeple, is fower old characters of great bigness : 
y® first is ye common old abreviation of Jesus, IHC, the second Maria thus, 

and what ye two others are I have forgot, and as to that shield 

with a name on I shall take notice of it next time I go, and inform j'ou furder, 
and of other things. I have just now heard that there is one Mr. Thwaits," 
a mercer of Doncaster, lately dead, who has most certainly left 201. per an. 
towards an afternoon sermon every Sunday in ye sayd church of Doncaster. 

As to ye charter of Conan, Duke of Richmond, I shall compare it as soon as 
I have time. The note about Trygot's daughter, that you desire to know 
what authority I have for j-e same, is in a large MS. in folio of pedigrees of 
several Yorkshire familys, (of which I have formerly given you an account), 
in ye hands of Mr. Hall, min[ister] of Fishlake. 

As to ye MSS. of Hampol-^ and Mr NeveFs, I long exceedingly myself to see 
them. 1 am fully satisfyd that there is an abundance of observable things in them. 

As to ye family of ye Westbys, Mr. Westbyy has a larg scbrool, eight yards 
long, of all his discent, an account of which Mr. Hatfield (who is a relation of 
his) has promised to send you. 

As I went into Yorkshire last week I went through a town two miles of this 
side Houdon call'd Easterton,* in which is a fine church, on ye outside of which 

" See Miller's Hist. Doncaster, 91. Hunter^s Smith Yorkshire, i., 38-9. 
Jackson's St. George's Church, 33-34. 

■" Robert Thwaites, by his will, d. 6th Oct., 1698, and proved at York 22nd 
March, 1698-9, left the yearly sum of £20 for the use, benefit, and sole advan- 
tage of some discreet and learned minister who should preach every Sunday, 
in the afternoon, in the Parish Church of Doncaster. He further directed that 
such minister should " preach a sermon every year on the day of his death, in 
order and to the encouragement of charity and good works of this nature, with- 
out having any reference to this bequest." The benefactor died 3 Nov., 1698, aet. 32. 

^ Richard of Hampole, whose writings are well known. 

y Thomas Westby, of Ravenfield, near Rotherham, esq., returned M.P. for 
East Retford, 1710, (see ped. Hunter's S. Y.,\., 397). From one of this family, 
Henry Westby, of Car-house, in par. Rotherham, whose dau. and heir married 
Edward Gill, Esq., M.P., a commander in the Parliament Army, etc., is descend- 
ed Francis Westby Bagshawe, esq., of the Oaks, near Sheffield, the owner of 
this Diary. — See Rev. Dr. Gatty's edition of Hunter's Hallamshire, 399. 

* i.e. Eastrington. 

N 



194 THE DIARY OF 

I saw five or six great coats of arms cut very artificially in ye stone work, which, 
if you have not taken down, I sliall send them ye next time I go that way. 

When I got to Houdon I stayd there all night on purpose to view the poor 
church, which has been a most noble building, and of very excellent work. 
There is many images yet standing, on ye outside, of ye Sts-. as iS*- Catharin with 
her wheel, S'- Lawrence with his gridiron, etc., and the atone work of the spoot 
ends is the prottyest f ancys, and ye best proportion, that ever I saw. One spoot 
end is Sampson astride upon a lyon, and very naturaly twineing his arm about 
his neck, and with his hands pulling his jaws wide open, out of which water 
flows. In another place is a shipp of stone jetting out, out of which looks out a 
water nymph, with a pitcher in her arms, with the mouth bended downwards, 
out of which pitcher ye water flows, etc. In other places other pretty f ancys 
and many coats of arms. 

This chancel, which was of most curious workmanship and great bigness, 
was most sacrilegiously sufferd to fall into decay about fifty or sixty years ago, 
BO that ye lead was taken of and sold, and ye fine monuments therein de- 
faced ; and on Michaelmas day two years the whole roof fell down, and puUd 
down with it most part of the walls and pillars, so that it lys now in rubbish. 

Adjoining upon this curious chancel on the south side, stands ye chapter- 
house, yet very well carvd and adornd. Over ye door as jou go in out of ye 
ruined chancel is these two coats of arms ; — " 

[1. Six willow wands inter- [2. Six willow wands inter- 

laced in saltire.] laced crosswise.] 

And on the outside of yo sayd house is several more coats of arms in great 
shields, one of which is ye Howards', another is a chev[ron] with three ermins 
thereon between three starrs ; another is a plane saltier, etc. Amongst others, 
in ye windows of ye church, is gules, a great cinq[ue] foil arg. persd [pierced] 
or, and in ye church on a great altar tomb of plain workmanship is 8 or 9 
old coats of arms, and under an old fashond black marble gravestone, born up 
by four short pillars, lys ye body of one Walter, a monk of Durham, without 
date. This church had formerly 3.50^. a year belonging to it, which is now 
sacrilegiously usurpd by ye family of ye Allisons, of Houden, and other gentle- 
men thereabouts. 

Hard by ye church, on ye south side, stands ye ruins of some great old 
religious house, which the constant tradition of ye town says was a great 
Bishop of Durham's pallace.* On ye front of ye great porch is this coat of 
arms : — ■ 

[Bishop Skirlaw, six willow wands interlaced ci'osswise.] 

And over ye great gate, that went to ye backside, this coat, with a mullet in yo 
midst of ye first barr : — 

[Cardinal Langley, Bishop of Durham, paly of six.] 

In ye court of this formerly great pallace the Londoners keep their mart eveiy 
year. The Notitia Munastica tells us that there was in former times at this 
town a coUedge of ten prebendarys, perhaps this might be it. 

Not far of this town is Hemyngburrogh, of which you will find something 
observable in Roger Hoveden's chron. ad. an. 1072, about ye gift of ye sayd 
place by Will[iam] the Conqueror to S*- Cuthbert's in Durham. 

In an old MS. in my hands, formerly belonging to Mr. Perkins, of Fishlake, 
I find an old inquisition of ye customes of the manour of ye same town, which, 

« Tliesc are the arms of Skirlaw, Bishop of Durham. He sometimes used 
the cross in saltire. 

* A minute survey of this palace in the reign of Elizabeth, before it was 
dismantled, has been recently published by Mr, Eaine in the Transactions of the 
Yorkshire ArcJtitectural Society, 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 195 

because that perhaps you have not met with it, I will here transcribe. It is 
without date : — 

Dicunt Juratorcs svpra sacrament mn quncl man. cle Ilemynghrough est de 
antiquo dominio coroncc, etc. 

Et dicunt quod Prior Dunelmia est doniinns ejiisd, man. et quod haiet 
visum franci jjlcffii bis iji anno, scilicet, ad. Jest. Pascha, et S^'- 3Iickaelis, ct 
omnia ei tangentia, et ctiriam de tribus septimanis in tres, et quod quilibet 
tenens dicti manerii (excepto lyreshijtero tuiituin) scctam debet ad curiavi, 
prcedictam de tribus in tres, etc. 

Et dic^int quod quinquc tenentes ad q)iiimlibet curiam sedebunt et jurabunt 
quod omnia judicla in eadeni curia reddcnd. inter dominum et tenentem, et 
tenentem et tenente^n, et tenentem et forinsecnni, recte judicabunt, quce per eos- 
dem juratores per libcrnm judicium in eadem curia reddcnd. pertinent judicari. 

Item dicunt quod consuetudo est ibi quod quilibet lucres 7tiasculus post 

decessunn anteccssoris ejus hcereditare debet tcnemcntum antcccssoris sui secu/n- 

dum legem communem, et si aliquis decesserit et luibet hoeredem, femellam . . , 

. et cxitus ejus licerediiabit secundum, consuctudinem, et dicti lueredes 

post decessum anteccssoris dicti releviare debcnt. 

Item dicu7it quod si aliquis deforcivit aliquem de licereditate sica, seu de 
libero tenemento, et voluit idem tenementum alienare etc., quod tunc breve de 
recto claus. ballivo dicti Prioris, etc., et incadcm curia facta est pirotestatio, etc., 
secundum quod materia sua requirit, et quod j^rocessus in eadem cui-ia talis est 
quod pi'ius somo?iiatiir ; et si non venit resonwnintur ; et si non venit attachiatur ; 
et si non venit dLstringctur ; et si adhuc non venit, amittet tenementum suum, 
petitum per defalt. ; et si aliquo tempore compcrtum fuit, ut postea defalt. fecerit, 
exeat magna distric. 16 cap. 

Et dicunt quod ibidem est consuetudo quod si alicxii jflacuei-it tenementum 
smi/m alienare, quod veniat in plena curia coram seneschallo, siprasens sit, et 
ibidem surswm reddct in manum domini tenementum ad opus ejus et hesredis sui, 
qioi dictwm tenementum liabet, et in eadem curia irrotulabitur prce dicta sursum- 
reyiditio ; et per pactum surr end ri et hrrotulamentiipsc qui dictum tenem. habebit 
faciat jinem cum, domino piront concordare poterit. Et si cum domino concordare 
nonpoterit, tunc prcedicti quinque juratorcs dictum Jinem adjudicabunt, et licet 
dominus seu seneschallus absens Juerit, vel quod cum domino concordare non 
potest, tunc quod ipse qui dictum tenement, etc., per eorum absentiam nonimpe- 
diatur dictam terram ct tenementum occttpare et manu tcnere, ita quod ipse seu 
aliquis i^ro eo paratus fuerit ad Jinem ilium faciendum. 

Et si seneschallus absens fuerit, ut j^rcedicta sursv/m-rcnditio coram se fieri 
non poterit, quod tunc j^artes jyroedictl venicnt coram ballivo villoe jJfi^dictce et 
coram quatuor tenentihus, vel coram quatuor tcnentibus, si ballivus absens 
fuerit, et coram eis si ipse dimitterc voluerit sursum, reddere potest, ettuncprcB- 
dictus ballivus vel quatuor tenentes, si hallivus absens fiierit, prcedictam surren- 
ditionem in plena curia coram seneschallo, cum venit, presentabunt, et ibidem, 
jurabunt modo et forma, prout supra dcclaratum est. 

Et si alicui placue7'it dimittere tenementum suum ad terminii/m annoruTth 
extra cwiam, quod bene licehit facere fine aliquo inde reddendo, vel si in, 
curia, quod time solvet pro irrotulamento prout cum. seneschallo concordare piotest. 

Item dicunt quod si uxor cum vivo coopt. se dimittere voluerit de tenementis 
suis tarn viro quam cum alio, quod eadem mulier coopt. veniat corayn seneschallo, 
vel coram ballivo et qziatuor tcnentibus, vel coram quatuor tcnentibus, si senes- 
challus ct ballivus ambo abscntes fuerint, et coram eis sursum reddere potest ; et 
ibidem examinetxcr ; et sccimdxim sursum-renditionern ; et examinatio in jilena 
curia irrotulabitur jJro Jine inde habendo, modo et forma prout supra declaratur. 

Item dicunt quod qumlibet vidua post decessum viri sui dotem debet habere, et 
quilibet sponsus omnes terras et tencmenta uxoris sua post exitum ejus per 
consuetudinem durante vita sua possidcbit. 

Item dicuiit quod si aliquis concedere voluerit re?tditionem tenementi sui in, 



196 THE DIARY OF 

dotem per letjeni AngllcB vel aliter ad termimim vitas quod hene licehit ci Jioa 
facere secundum consuetiidinem, et si tencns talitcr ad ternlnuvi vitas attorniari 
voluerit, compellat^tr per quandam qiierelavi in eadem curia quce dicitur Quid 
Juris Clamat, et licec concessio coram, seneschallo vel hallivo et quatuor tenen- 
tibus, vel coram quatuor teneiit. fro fine inde fuciendo, modo et forma prout 
super vus declaratur. 

Here endeth ye inquisition. It was so very badly writt that it seems to be 
some hundreds of years old, and savors enough of ye barbarity of ye age. 

I have mett with ye Escheat rolls that you formerly sent me word of that an 
attorney in Holderness had, as also some old charters of Haltenprise Priory, 
etc., and many things relating to this town which I am coppying over, which I 
shall not be backward to communicate to you, or any ingenious man. 

Pray let me know whether this has found acceptance, and whether it be 
come safe to your hands, by ye next post, and so wishing you all the success 
imaginable in your great and noble design, 

I rest your humble friend and serv., 

Abr. Pryme.'^ 

I have this clay also written a long letter to Mr. Tompkinson, 
Fellow of St. John's Coll [eg e], in Cambridge,'' adjureing, beg- 
ging, and praying of him to search all his old papers and deeds 
that he has, and to send me an acconnt if he have anything 
about Hatfield, and to send me what relation he can of his father, 
who was one of the famousest and best men that the town ever 
had/ 

"^ There is an interleaved reply from Dr. Johnston, dated 6th December, 
1G98, acknowledging the receipt of the above "most acceptable letter." He 
says, " I return you a thousand thanks ; for I never had from any correspondent 
so full and so apposite disertations as from yourself, and I most earnestly 
desire the continuation of your judicious observations ; and am glad you are 
now fixed in a place where you will have opportunity to make many remarks 
both concerning Hull and Beverley," etc. 

^ Thomas Thomkinson, son of the Rev. Thomas Thomkinson, of Hatfield, in 
Yorkshire, was baptized there 30th Aug., 1652. Was at school for two years 
at Belton, under Balden ; admitted pensioner of St. John's Coll., Cambridge, 1st 
May, 1668, st. 15, under Watson (afterwards Bishop Watson of St. David's). 
He was B.A., 1671-2 ; M.A., 1675 ; B.D., 1682. Subscriber to Collier's 
Church History, vol. ii. A nonjuror, ob. 9, Maii. 1724, sep. in sacello Coll. 
(MS. Baker, xxxiii., 255). Minister of Trinity Church, Cambridge, 1683 (MS. 
Cole, xix, 100a). Buried in St. John's Chapel, 11th May, 1724— Register of All 
Saints, Cambridge, in MS. Cole III., 141a. Admitted Rookby Fellow of St. 
John's, 14th Mar., 1675-6, (co. Yorks.) Leonard Chappelow was elected 21st 
Jan. (adm. 22d Jan. 1715-6) in Thomkinson's room. This was an irregular 
election, only five seniors being present ; several other nonjuring fellows, 
among them Thomas Baker, were expelled at the same time. 

« Thomas Thomkinson, the father of the above, was vicar or Minister of Hat- 
field from 1639 to 1669. The marriage of one "Gulielmus Thomkinson et Isabella 
Willson," occurs 29th June, 1639 ; and there is the burial of Mary, daughter of 
Wm.T., 12th Oct., 1644. Thomas Thomkinson, senr., was bur. 1 1th March, 1644-5, 
and Isabella Thomkinson, widow, 19th Feb., 1649-50. Probably the parents of the 
vicar. Besides Thomas, I find the vicar had other children, viz., Mary bap. 22 
Sept., 1644. Jane, 21st July, 1646. Helen, 18th June, 1650, under the entry of 
her burial, 10th March, 1653, her father has recorded of her: — 

'Kfvoi 'ejio'i /S'lO"; ny, iK/ic<? 5e -rax-^raX T!apr]\9e, 
'AfjLvov Trap9iviKovvvv aii6\ovDoi kiu). 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 197 

[1699.] 

Jan. 1, This day I went to preach at Ferriby and Kirkeller. 
The first is a httle town curiously seated by the Humber side, and 
very pleasant, there being three or four very good and larg halls 
therein. The first is a very fine and stately square building 
where the old priory stood (of which priory I observed nothing 
standing but a small part of the gate). It was built, as I am told, 
by Mr. Lockwood, an alderman of Hull, who retired thither in 
summer, but never thrive after, so he dyd, and lys buryed in the 
church there, about 1670 ; and now the hall belongs to one Mrs. 
Ransom, who is fast selling it. The second is a very staitly hall, 
at the farr end and upper part of the town, built by Mr. Ander- 
son, rector of the high church of this town of Hull about fifteen 
years ago, which his widdow lives on. The third is a very pretty 
hall built about two or three years ago by Alderman Carlin of 
Hull, prettily situate and handsome. The fourth is a fine pretty 
house on which the onely gentleman resident in the town lives, 
and that is Mr. Dawson, who has about 300Z. a year. The 
church is but a mean building, and has a row of pillars in the 
middle, and nothing in it observable. In one of the windows, 
on the north side of the chancel, I saw this imperfect inscription^ 
and these coats of amies. By a woman kneeling with four 
children behind her : — 

Under her this coat : — Furder on this : — 

[Wentworth, a chevron between [Paly of four arg. and sable, on 

three leopard's faces, a cres- a bend of the first three 

cent for difference.] mullets or.]^' 

Robert, 28th Jan., 1654-5, bur. 12th Feb., after. Isabel, bur. 22nd July, 1656, 
The burial of Jane his wife is thus entered : — 

'• Jana fidelissima Thomas Thomkin.son, cler. A.M. a-ii^uyn^ superas evasit ad 
auras (beatorum repositorium) quarto die Junij anno Domini. 1661." 

The vicar himself died 17th June, 1669. Hunter (,S'. ¥., i., 191), states that 
the inscription on his grave-stone no longer existed, and he has printed one 
taken from the MSS. of De la Pryme. Most of tlie upper portion is still, how- 
ever, to be seen at the west end of Hatfield church. Together with a version of 
it in Johnston's MSS., it may be read with greater probability of correctness, 
thus : — 

Thomas Thompkinson, beatse memorise, diaconus anno, 1636 : in artibus 
magister ac presbyter canonice ordinatus anno 1639. Huic ecclesice per annos 30 
fidelis evangelii minister. Junii 17 anno dom. 1669. tetatis sux 58, hie sepultus. 
Pacificus, charus, doctissimus, ordine mystis, 
Praebebunt villse sascula nulla parem. 

/ The inscription is so incorrectly given by the Diarist that it is not worth 
repeating. It appears to have been for Elizabeth Halldard, dau. of John Went- 
worth, 1562. 

s This is as the Diarist has tricked them, but such would be, of course, 
faLse heraldry. The coat is probably intended for that of Dransfield, viz., 
paly of six sa. and arg. on a bend gu. three mullets or. 



198 THE DIARY OF 

Not farr of was this coat of armes : — 
[Gules, a chevron between three boars' heads couped arg. arra'd or.] 

Ye arms of the knightly family of y^ Whites of Hackney, 
Middlesex. 

Jan. 12. This day I writt the following letter to the Dean of 
York, the famous and learned Doctfor] Gale. 

Very Rev. Sr-, 

Haveing been so happy as to have been admitted into yonr 
presence when I was at York, and to have your commands layd upon me for 
ye procuring of what old Roman coins I could meet with for your use, I have 
accordingly gotten eleven from a friend of mine at Doncaster, who tells me that 
they were found not many years ago at Alburrow by . . . (some of which I 
formerly shewd to his lordship our right revnd. diocesan), which my very good 
friend ye rev. bearer hereof would needs take ye trouble to bear them unto 
you. If all or any of them be any way acceptible unto you they are heartily at 
your service, and if any prove less acceptible unto you by your having speci- 
mens of ye same, I begg them again towards ye laying of a foundation for a 
collection for myself. I do not question but that you have met with my name 
in yo Cat[alogue] of ye MSS. printed at Oxford. If they were to do again, I 
could send them ye knowledge of many more besides those which I already 
have, and am daily collecting for myself. I hear that Sf- WiMoughby Hick- 
man, of Gainsburgh, has an old MSS. chron[icle] in his possession. I writt 
lately to Mr. Wesley, min[ister] of Epworth, to send me a whole account 
thereof that I might transmit ye knowledg thereof unto you. 

I have lately found a monument in this town which was brought either from 
Beverley or Patrington, which I take to be Roman, because of it's being cutt out 
of hard niilston greet, as all ye Roman monuments that I have seen in England 
are, and because that ye letters thereon are great Roman ones, a fuller account 
of which I shall send you hereafter, if that I might understand that it would be 
acceptible unto you. 

I have made bold to present you with a bottle of brandy which I sent up 
with one of Mr. Bankes's by ye carrier last. 

I heartily begg pardon for giving you ye trouble of these lines, and 
makes bold with all hearty affection to subscribe myself, 

Your most humble servant, 

Ab. Prym. 

Tlie coins that I sent him were these : — 

Imp. Cains. Pub. I/icin. Val. Postumus Aug. 

Pom. nost. Constant'ms Pius Felix Aug. 

Pom. nost. Valentlnianus Pius Felix Aug, 

Pup. Trajanus Germanicus, etc. 

Pnp. Caius Marc^is Aurel. Victorinus Aug.\ 

Gallienus Pius Felix Aug. 

Salonina Augusta. 

Pii.]}. Caius Postmmis Pius Felix Aug. 

Rovmlus Remus et Roma, 

Julia Maesa Augusta. 

Having lately received a letter from the Revd. Mr. Taylor, I 
returned him this answer : — 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 109 

Hull, Jan. yo 20, 1698-9. 
Rev. Sr-, 

I received your kind letter but this very week, tho' it might by 
ye date it bears'' have been here long before, and thank you for giving me an 
idea of your papers, which are undoubtedly writ with an abundance more of 
accuracy than mine can pretend to^ I liveing in a great and troublesome town, and 
wanting both leasure, opertunity, and books, to carry on anything to perfection ; 
but as you have given me an idea of your papers, so I shall here give you one of 
mine, as I promised. 

Mine is a loos discourse in form of a letter, where, in ye first place, after an 
introduction, I speak of ye certainty of ye being and power of evil spirits, and of 
their actions in ye times of ye Old Testament, but especially of their extra- 
ordinary and miraculous power and actions, and ye reason and necessity for 
ye same in ye times of ye New Testament, and as long as ye wonder working age 
lasted. Then haveing mention'd their wonderful) actions, that is possessions, 
in our Saviour's days, I continue ye same out of Just. Martyr, TertuUian, Origen, 
Cyprian, Minutius Felix, Lactantius, Firmicus, etc., untill that they ceased in 
ye church with ye power of ye gift of miracles. That they then ceased I have 
not only proved from ye reasonableness thereof, but also from ye down right 
assertions of both Papists and Protestants, of Aretius, Firemee (?), Becanus, 
Chemnitius, Doc[tor] Scot, Pool, etc. Then that miracles are ceased (which 
cannot be if true posse.ssions exist), I have proved not onely from reason but 
also ye testimonysof St. Chrvsost., St. Cyp., St. Austin, Greg. Mag., Stella, Acosta, 
Alsledius, Rivetus, Doct. Barrow, Bishop Jewel, B. White. B. Morton, B. Laud, 
B. Taylor, B. Hacket, B. Tillotson, etc., and from forreigners, Abutensis, Trithe- 
mius, Musso, Espensseus, etc. Then Limborg, Stella, etc., haveing yielded that 
there are dsmoriiacs amongst ye Indians, Americans, etc., I prove by Salmeron, 
Acosta, etc., that it is a vulgar error. Then I reduce ye origin of this oppmion 
of ye present existence of dsemoniacs to those four heads— 1. A misunderstand- 
ing of that verse in St. Mat., ch. 17, v. 21, and that of St. Mark, ch. 16, v. 17 ; 
2ndly, to a vain ambitions emulation that was in ye beginning times of Popery 
of counterfeating this gift, and continnuing y^ order of exorcists in ye church ; 
3rdly, to ye great ignorance of most men in ye wonderful! power of many 
distempers, as of ye epilepsy, nightmare, strong convulsions, consumpiive long 
fastings and raptures, madness, histerical fitts, melancholy, and the pov/er of 
speakfng Strang languages, in which I have quoted Simocata, Lamzweend, 
Lentulus, Willis, a Lapide, Salmon, Thuanus, Borellus, Citois, Sennertus, 
Paracelsus, Sanquerdus, Kircher, Moravius, Galen, Lavater, Gordonius, Car- 
danus, Fulgosus, Platerus, Cattier, Aristotle, Aritsus, Apporor, Pomponatius, 
Guianerius, Fernelius, Guyo, Raguseius, Bennivenius, Cassaubon, Sirenius, 
Lemnius, Huartel, Helmont, etc. Then I prove ye sillyness and insufficiency of 
a balneum diaboli in melancholy distempers. Then I come to ye four causes 
which I ascribe to be to ye multitudes of impostures put upon the world in this 
kind, both of possessions and dispossessions, instanceing in Mahomet, St. 
Frances, Joan of Ark, Jetzer, ye nuns of London, ye body of Campen in 1685, 
etc. Then comeing to domestic ones, I instance in all ye famous presbitenan 
and papist impostors and dsemoniacs, as Hacket, Somwers, ye boy of Burton, 
Sarah Williams, Jo. Ash, ye boy of Bilson, John Fox, Michael Smith, ye chief 
presbiterian ministers in Cromwel's days, ye Ld- Grandison's pretended steward, 
Tho. Sawdy, Greatrix, Spatchet, and others, from Q. Eliz. days to our's, which 
then brings me to Dugdale's, ye whole history of whom and his fitts I shall give, 
first of his artificial fitts, then of those epileptic ones, which he fell into after 
his drunken boot at Whalley. showing that there is nothing very Strang or 
uncommon therein unto any but country bumpkins, which I prove by many- 
instances out of manv books. Then I continnue ye history of what has 
happened about ye impostor unto this day, concluding with a few reflections. 

* See antea, 27th Dec, 1698. 



200 THE DIARY OF 

All which I have just now finished as briefly as ever I could in about thirty 
sheets of paper, but, I am so fearful! and diffident of anything I do, I doubt I 
shall scarce be so bold as to suffer it to be printed, tho' I have received this 
week a kind letter from Mr. Coggan, bookseller, in the Inner Temple Lane, 
begging the coppy thereof ; but, he being a virulent presbyterian, I shall keep 
it out of his hands, and if you be at London next month I shall be very glad to 
venture it with you, and heartily thank you for your proffer of kindness unto 
it. 

I have writt many letters into your country and the west of Yorkshire 
about this business, tho' I have got but few answers and none very material. 

I should be very glad to have notice of any old MSS. chronicles which you 
may have seen or heard of anywhere in ye country round about, 
I am your most humble 

Servant and brother, 

Ab. Pryjie. 

I have this day been in company with Aklerman Gray, and 
Alderm[an] Carlin of this town. They do both attest that there 
was an old woman of Cave, who dyd about twelve years aero, 
that was nniversaly believed to have been born in Edw[ard] 
the Sixth's days. Many people went and has gone for this forty 
years, from time to time, to see her. 

Haveing received the aforegoing most kind and oblieging 

letter' from Doct[or] Gale, the Dean of York, I returned him 

this answer. 

Very Revnd. Sr., 

I am so overjoyd at ye sight of your letter that I want words 
to express my thankfulness with ; for as all sorts of antiquitys, MSS.,curiositys, 
raritys, and coins, are my chief delight (next to that sacred one of my calling) 
so I am resolved to dedicate all my days to ye same ; and as I never met with 
any that gave me y^ least encouragement besides yourself, so I am not onely 
eternal ey obliged unto you for ye same, but shall always be ready to serve you 
to ye utmost of my power. 

I will take particular care to send you ye account of ye Roman trough stone 
that I hinted at in my former letter, as soon as I can make out ye legends on 
ye same, which is very difficult by reason of ye loss of many letters. 

I saw in my jorney to York many hundreds of tumuli, which I take to be 
Roman, at a place called Arras,-' on this side Wighton, not mentioned in any 
author, which I intend next summer to digg into and take a whole account and 
description thereof, and of all other Roman stations, monuments, streets, places 
of battle, coins, or whatever is observable whereever I come. 

Most heartily begging pardon for giveing you ye trouble of these lines I 
make bold to subscribe myself your 

Most humble servant, 

Ab. Pryme. 

[The following letter is inserted : — ] 

" Sr.. 

I doe remember I promised to give you something that's ancient in 
Campsall church, and haveing this opertunity by my kinswoman, doe give it as 

« The letter referred to has been taken out of the journal. 

-' A hamlet in the towship and parish of Market Weighton, E. R. York- 
shire. Many of these tnmuli were investigated some years ago by the Rev. E. 
\V. Stillingfleet, with very remarkable results. 



ABRAHxVM DE LA PRYME. 201 

it is cutt in wood between the church and chancell. The carracter is such as 
every one canott read :— 

'Let fal downe thyn ne and lift up thy hart, 
Behold thy maker on yond. cros al so torn, 
Remembir his wondis that for the did smart, 
Gotyn withownt syn, and on a virgin born, 
Al his hed percid with a crown of thorne. 
Alas man thy hart oght to brast in too ; 
Bewar of the divyl when he blawis his home, 

And prai thy gode Aungel convey the.* ' 

" There is on the balke at the west end of the church the figures 161, wch. many 
verv much wonder at ; most conjecture ye church was built in 1161, and soe 
then one figure ommitted. I pray for yor- health and happines, and rest, 

" Yor- most humble servant, 

"Tho. Middleton. 
" Sutton, 25th Feb., 98-9. 

" (Addressed). — These for my worthy ffreind Mr. Primra, at his house in Hull. 
Present." 

Haveing heard that the Hveing of Finningley' is about fall- 
ino-, my friends will needs have me put in for it. I have written 
several letters, and they many, to John Harvey, of Ikwelbury, 
near Norrel, in Bedfordshire, Esq., the patron thereof 

There is no form for certificates, but are made accordingly as 
the person merits, and they are exceeding strict and sevear there- 
in at this time in signing anything but what is truth. 

My very good friend Mr. Bankes procured me this before I 
■was aware thereof. 

These are to certify -whome it may concern that Mr. Abr. Pryme, curat of 
St. Trenity's, in Kingston .super Hull, is a person of a sober life and exemplary 
conversation, very studious, of loyal principles, a lover of his sacred Majesty 
and the present government, conformable to y doctrin and discipline of 
ye Church of England as by law established, and deserves encouragement in 
ye same. 

Witness our hands ye 8 day of Febr., 1698. 

Rich. Kidsox, B.D., and Lectr. of Hull. 

Rob. Banks, Vic. of St. Trinity's in Hull, 

Nath. Lamb, Min. of St. Mary's in Hull. 

Tho. Gale, Dean of York. 

[John] Burton, D.D. 

[William] Pearson. 

[Jonathan] Dryden. 

6. Our newse this day acquaints us that the Duke of Bolton 
is dead." He was a man much talk'd of in K[ing] James the 

* See the inscription printed in Hunters S.Y., ii., p. 468. " It seems," he 
says. " as if a word was wanting to complete the last line." He attributes the 
date of it to perhaps the latter part of the reign of Edward VI., but they seem 
to have a ring of Richard of Hampole. 

' In CO. Notts, near Bawtry. 

"• Charles, sixth Marquess of Winchester, created 9th April, 1689, Duke of 
Bolton, in whose descendants that title continued through a succession of six 



202 THE DIARY OF 

Second's days. He pretended to be distracted, and wonld make 
all his men rise up at midnight, and would go a hunting with 
torch light, and such like tricks he would of[ten] play ; but when 
King William was corned in he was then a man of a quite other 
nature. His estate, wiiich falls to his son, the Marquis of Win- 
chester, is wourth 20,000/. a year. 

Haveing heard for a certainty that Mr. Sheppard," min[ister] 
of Finningly is dead, I writt this letter to Squire Harvy, patron 
of the liveino; : — 



Honourd Sr. 

Begging pardon for giveing you ye trouble of a few lines, I humbly 
crave a favour at your hands, which I hope your goodness will not deny me of, 
that is, that you would be pleased to honour me so much as to admitt me to 
ye rectory of Finningly, in your gift, now falln vacant by ye death of Mr. 
Sheppard. None shall .be more thankfuU, more carefuli to serve ye church, 
none more mindfull of you in my prayers, none more observant of your com- 
mands, which I perhaps may be serviceable to you in in my being one of ye Par- 
ticipants of Hatfield Chace," etc, none shall be more vigilant to promote peace, 
love, virtue, and friendship amongst your tenuants, and to make them, to your 



dukes, till 25th Dec, 1794. Burnet says of him that " he was a man of a strange 
mixture. He had the spleen to a high degree, and affected an extravagant 
behaviour ; for many weeks he would not open his mouth till such an hour of 
the day when he thought the air was pure. He changed the day into night, 
and often hunted by torchlight, and took all sorts of liberties to himself, many 
of which were very disagreeable to those about him. He was a man of profuse 
expense, and of a most ravenous avarice to support that ; and though he was 
much hated, yet he carried matters before him with such authority and success, 
that he was in all respects the great riddle of the age." His eldest son, 
Charles, who succeeded him as second duke, was Lord Lieutenant of Ireland in 
1717. The tradition of the Marquess's wild hunting still lingers in Swaledale. 

" Peck (Hist. Bawtry and Thome, etc., 1813, p. 73) has given an imperfect 
copy of his monumental inscription, in which it is stated, " obiit quinto die 
Aprilii 1G99," and that he was " eruditus," and " probitate valde ornatus." 

" The Participants of Hatfield Chace were and still are, the representatives 
in estate of those lands which were, on the drainage of the Level, temp. Car. 
L, assigned to the celebrated Sir Cornelius Vermuyden, the drainei-, and his 
partners or participants in the undertaking, who were to be rewarded with 
one third of the recovered lands. — See an interesting account of this drainage 
in Hunter's South Yorhshire, i., 159. 

De la Pryme appears to have given some attention to the affairs of the 
Levels, for I find tliat when a new Commission of Sewers was opened at Hat- 
field, 12th Oct., 1702, before the Vicount Downe and others, he (Abraham Prim, 
clerk), was sworn as a commissioner. His attendance is recorded at the 
following courts afterwards : — Hatfield, 5th Nov., 1702 ; Epworth, 20th Nov., 

1702 ; Hatfield, 2d March, 1702-3 ; Epworth, 24th March, 1702-3 ; Turnbridge, 
I5th April, 1703 ; Bawtry. 27th May, 1703 : Turnbridge, 29th June, 1703 ; 
Kennell-Ferry, 16th Aug., 1703 ; Turnbridge, 4th Oct., 1703 ; Hatfield, 20th Dec, 

1703 ; do. 12th Jan. 1703-4 ; do. 29th March, 1704 ; do. 2d May, 1704 ; Turn- 
bridge, 8th May, 1704 ; Epworth, Uth May, 1704. He died in the June fol- 
lowing. 



ABRAHA:\r DE LA PRYME. 203 

great honour and their everlasting good, both happy in this world and that 
which is to come, than I, who am, and always will be, 

Honourd Sr- 

Your most humble serv., 

A. P. 
Hull, Aprill 19, 1699. 

Haveinij the oppertunity of sending a letter to tile dean of 
York, by Mr. Banks's going tliither, I writt him this following : 

Very Eevnd. Sr-, 

Being overjoy'd at this oppertunity of conveying a letter unto your 
hands, I could not but lay hold of ye same. 1 most humbly and heartily thank 
you for the great honour you did me, in subscribing ye certificate Mr. Banks 
sent you, but to my sorrow I had not ye happiness to succeed. My zeal for old 
MSS., antiquitys, coins and monuments, almost eats me up, so that I am some- 
times almost melancholy that I cannot prosecute ye search of them so much as 
I would, which, if I had obtained the place I sought for, I should have been 
able to do. Y'e inscription upon ye great trough I had sent you long ago, but 
that ye winter weather hath so fortifyd it with dirt that there is no comeing 
nigh it. As soon as ever ye weather permitts I shall send you it. 

I received, a while ago, ye following inscription (which I take to be very 
observable), from of a great stone in ye ruins of ye chancel of ye church of 
Alkburrow, just on ye other side of Humber, in Lincolnshire. 

Richardus Bryto necnon Menorius Hugo 

Willelmus Trajo templum hoc lapidibus altum 

Condebant patria, gloria, digna Deo. 

That which makes it observable, is, that these men were ye murderers of 
Sr- Tho. Becket. 

I rest, most worthy Sr-, 

Your most oblieged humble Servant, 
March 16, 1698-9. A. P. 

A coppy of a letter from Mr. Taylor. [No date]. 

" Revnd. Sr., 

Not doubting but that you have received my last letter long ago, 
that I writ unto you in Febr. last, in which* I gave you an idea of ye papers I 
had drawn up about ye Sury business, this is to congratulate unto you 
ye pleasure that I have had in reading your answers to your (pretended) friend's 
2nd letter, and Jolly's vindication, in both of which, and in all that you have 
writ, you have most excellently managed the business, according to ye truth ; 
and I am e.^ceeding glad to find that they cannot take hold (with reason) of 
anything that you have writ. Truth being such a noble thing that it stopps 
ye mouths of all gainsayers, tho' not ye hearts, from inventing ways to turn 
things off. 

" As in ye papers of mine, that I sent you an idea of, there is contained in 
about 8 sheets a short history of ye whole Sury business, so I perceive that you 
have in ye press a book wholy of ye same nature, I should be very glad to 
understand that your notions and mine, and ye thread of ye management of 
ye same villany jumps alike, so that there may be no discrepancy between them 
when published. 

" Therefore I make bold to set before you ye history as thus. 

" That Dugdale was put into Jolly's hands before ye Revolution by ye papists. 

" That Jolly understanding nothing of ye cheat," etc. {The letter ends here'). 



204 THE DIARY OF 

April the 9. This day I writ the follomng letter to Doct. 
Jolins[t]on, of London : 

Honour'd Sr-, 

Haveing not heard or received any letter from you of a long 
while, I write now unto you to begg ye favour of knowing how you are in 
health, and how ye great work gos on that is under your hands — I mean 
ye history of our country, which, as I have been, so always shall be very ready 
to promote and furder, by adding to your valluable treasury ye small mites 
that are in my custody. 

I have just now finish'd a short account of ye antiquitys of Kingston-upon- 
Hull, ye succession of ye Mayors, all the observable things relating unto the 
town that happened in their times, in about 20 sheets of paper ; p as also 
another vol., of ye antiquitys, coats of armcs, monuments, etc., of ye two 
churches, in about 50 sheets ; but, being at a loss of what is related of this 
town in Doomsday Book, which was then called Wyke, and of Myton, Scul- 
coats, Drypool, and ye saltpitts that were here, I begg of you that you would be 
pleased to send me, out of your collections, what Doomsday Book says of 
ye sayd towns, by ye next post, and I shall be exceeding thankfuU. 

I have just now got two epitaphs from ye monument maker of this town, 
which, because they are for your purpose, I here send them. 

" Here lyeth ye body of Sr- Henry Thomson, late of Middlethorp, Kt-, some- 
time Ld. Mayor of this Citty,' who departed this life ye 25 of Aug., in ye year 
of our Ld. 1692, aged about 60 years ; and Lady An, his wife, daught. of 
Alderm. Will. Dobson, late of Kingston-upon-Hull. merchant, who departed 
this life ye 20 of April, in the year 1696, aged 66 years ; and two of their sons ; 
Will., aged about 5 weeks, who dyed ye 21 of Decem., 1665, and John, aged 19 
years, who dyed ye 16 of May, in ye year 1690." 

The[y] left no heirs males, and what became of their estate I cannot tell, 
except 20^. a year apeece, which they charitably gave to ye poor of ye citty of 
York, for ever. 

The other epitaph is on a new monument, lately erected in Campsal Church, 
in these words : 

Tho. Yarburg[h] de Campsall, 

In com. Ebor., Armiger, 

Ortus 

Ex antiqua stirpe Yarburgorum 

(De Yarburg[h] in agro Lincoln.), 

P Writing to Thoresby four years afterwards, viz., 17th May, 1703, the 
Diarist remarks to him, "As for my history of Hull, which I drew out of all 
the records of that town, by particular order of the mayor and aldermen, I 
have not altogether finished it ; neither must I dare to publish it, till some be 
dead that are now living." — Thoresiy's Correspondence, ii., p. 3. 

The Rev. R. Banks, of Hull, to whom De la Pryme was sometime curate, 
also writing to Thoresby, 29th December, 1707, says, " Mr. Pryme, a little before 
he left me, took some pains to collect what he thought remarkable out of those 
records, and records in this town (Hull) which the mayor and aldermen pur- 
chased of his brother, who was at Hatfield, after his death. As to the rest of 
his MSS., they were, about two years since, in his brother's custody ; and it 
may be easily known whether he has disposed of them or no, and to whom." — 
Ibid., p. 85. 

Many of the Diarist's MSS. and topographical collections passed into the 
hands of John Warburton, the Somerset Herald, and form the most valuable 
part of Warburton's Yorkshire collections, which are now in the Lansdown 
department of the British Museum. — Thoresbifs Diar^y, ii., p. 264. 

9 York. This monument is at St. Mary's, Castlegate. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 205 

primariis annia 

Conservator pacis constitutus, 

per quadraginta et septem annos 

Magistratum exercuit. 

Vir prudens, temperans, et tequus ; 

Bonis adjutor, malis obstes ; 

tarn diu et tarn bene 

Se gerebat, 

Postei'is exemplar 

Vixit, 

In septuaginta et quatuor annos, 

et obiit ultimo die Novembris, 

1697/ 

I am, Sr-, your most humble servant, 

A. P. 
Hull, Aprill ye 9, 1699. 

This year we have had a fast day, to pray God to turn the 
hearts of the enemys of our holy religion from persecuting the 
poor Vaudois and French protestants. 

It is certain that they are very grievously pei'secuted in all 
the inland towns of France, and the farr provinces thereof, but 
not very much so in the cittys and places we trafic to. 

To ballance this persecution, the papists have raised a report 
beyond sea that we do most grievously persecute, rost, boyl, and 
torment those of their religion here, and they have had great 
fasts and processions in all the papist countrys for this imaginary 
persecution. 

[Letter to the dean of York]. 

Very Eevernd. Sr-, 

Haveing formerly had the honour to acquaint you with a mon[ument] 
in this town, which I looked upon as somewhat observable, to wit, an old trough, 
in which some famous Roman had formerly been buryd ; I lately (upon this 
good weather and happy season) went to ye place where it was, to witt, ye sign 
of ye Coach and Horses, apublick house in this town, where I found it applyd 
to ye use of watering horses in. I asked how they came by it ; they sayd they 
bought it of Ald[erman] Grey, and then went to him and asked how he 
came to it. He answer'd, his father had it before him. The trough is of a 
very hard milstone greet, eight foot long, three foot broad, and three foot deep, 
and ye bottom and sides are half-a-foot thick ; ye cavity is of an equal bredth 
both at ye head and feet, and hath been so as long as can be remembred, and 
hath no inscription but on ye fore side, which is exactly and linealy thus.'' 
The rest of ye letters in ye upper line are so worn out that I cannot send you as 
much as ye vestigia thereof. However, you may boldly and safely depend upon 
those that I have sent you ; and ye figure of ye trough, as described and deline- 
ated, which any body will find to be exact that dos but view and understand 
ye same. I shall say nothing of ye meaning thereof, or of ye word Cubus here 

'■ Printed in South Yorkshire, il., p. 469. 

' A sketch of the stone and inscription is subjoined. As both appear in 
Mr. Wellbeloved's Eburacum, it is unnecessary to reproduce them. 



206 THE DIARY OF 

met with, because that I doabt not that you have met with ye like in Gruter, 
and others. 

I have several accounts of great inscriptions on stones, from my correspon- 
dents (particularly of a great one at Upper Catton, in ye Wolds, etc.), but they 
send me such lame accounts of them that I darr not trust to them, and I cannot 
get ye time to go see them at present, which perhaps I may hereafter, some 
time or other, have yo oppertunity to do, which I shall most gladly send you. 

I have, for about this half year, been collecting all that I can find memor- 
able relating to this town, which I have just finnished, in one hundred and odd 
sheets of paper, in folio ; and am daily collecting other things. 

Begging hearty pardon for giveing you this trouble, 
I am, Very Kev. Sr-. 

Your most obed. humble serv., 

A. P. 

P.S. — Chanceing just now to look into Camb[den], ye last edit[ion], p. 718, 
I find either ye same, or an inscription very very like that which I have here 
sent you in ye former page, and, to ye best of my memory, there are several 
great I's or numeral letters, tho' scarce in ye least perceptible ; but there is not 
a letter of Diogenes. This may be some other soldier, that belonged to Petu- 
aria or Pretoriu (?) and not ye same whose epitaph Mr. Cambden gives, both 
because that Cubus is not mentioned in his, and that nobody would give them- 
selves ye trouble to convey such a great mon[ument] as this is from York hither, 
seeing that it is so little good to. Pardon, good S^-, my suddain thoughts 
hereof. If I have erred, it is but like a man. 
Hull, May ye 15, 1699. 

Mr. Watson, min[ister] of South Ferriby, after liaveing been 
madd a whole year, and nothing could do him good, was cured 
bj a salivation in a little time. 

For the Eever[end] Mr. Z. Taylor : 

Hull, July 7. 
Eevnd. Sr., 

Haveing long ago before Christmass drawn up a few papers about 
ye Sury business, and flung them by again as a too tedious work, yet, a coppy 
getting from me was, unknown to me, put into ye press ye 4th of this month, 
with many imperfections therein ; however, not knowing how to help myself, I 
must, whether I will or no, be father thereof. 

I therefore, as I could not but make very honourable mention of your name 
in them, as one I must respect, so I begg that you would not be angry with me 
at ye mention thereof. In one page there is ye following expression about you, 
which, if true, I begg you would let it pass ; if not, it shall be blotted out : 

" Mr. Z. T., a man as eternaly to be commended for turning from ye seism and 
abominations of ye presbiterians, in which he was brought up, as any of 
ye multitude of ye others, their teachers, deserve to be, that have done ye same 
within these few years." 

I bless God that I myself was once also one of them however brought up in 
that way. 

Before Christmas, while I was busy in composing ye aforegoing papers, there 
was a stranger oft came to see me, who pretended that he came from London, 
and that he was going to Holland, to take possession of an estate there, that 
was fain unto him by ye death of his brother. He was one of ye learnedest and 
ingeniousest men that ever I talked with in all ray life, and gave me several 
accounts about ye Sury impost[or], who is since accordingly gone. Since 
which time, I hear for a certain truth, that he had been preaching twelve 
months together amongst ye pre.sbiterians at Manchester, in ye chief meeting- 
house of that town, under ye chief priest, etc., ye particulars of which being too 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 



207 



lonff here to relate, I think I sliall draw them up. and take the oppcrtimity of 
adding them to ye end of ye aforegoing papers. He went by ye name of Midgley 
here but had another name in Manchester, which I cannot recover. If you 
please to do me the favour to write thither, any of your friends will tell you 
what his surname was that he there went by, which will be a great kindness to 
me if you please to send me it. Ye fellow_ was assistant to ye chief presbiteriau 
minfister] of ye town, and was perhaps a Jesuit. ^ „ , 

I bet'o- your pardon that I did not write to you before this ; I all along, from 
day to Tay, stayd expecting your pamphlet of Ye Divel turned Casuist, but 

never got it. , ■< ^^ ■< ■> i.-i„ 

If you would add anything to ye end of my papers you shall be heartily 

welcome, if I can prevail. ^ . . , ^.v ■, 

I am vour most humble and affectionate brother and serv., 

' "^ A. P. 

1699, July. I heard last week tliat Tho[mas] Lee, esq., of 
Hatfield, was dead,' and then buryd. I took pen in hand and 
writ the following letter thereon unto Mr. Corn[elius] Lee^ his 
brother. 

Hull, July 10. 

'l cannot but trouble you with condoling ye great breach that God has 
been pleased lately to make m your family, by ye death of your dear brother. 
Mortality is a thing that we are all subject to, and ye dark and silent grave is 
ye long home that we must all arrive at. That is ye house appointed for 
ye liveing ■ that is ye place where, after all yc fateagues, after all ye miserys, 
after all ye afflictions and troubles of this life, ye weary shall find rest and 
quiet and sleep with ease, without disturbance, with ye greatest kings and 
emperors of ye earth, in ye soft lap of our mother out of which we came and 
unto which we must all return in ye good appointed time of God, which we 
ou"-ht, with all patience, humbly and meekly to wait for. . ^ , 

Tho' that lonfT life is troublesome, yet it is a blessing and favour of God, a 
way by which he fitts and ripens us for his kingdom, and after, m our old age, 
receives us like a shock of corn comeing in in its propper and full season : » gives 
us ioy for all our sorrow, eternal life for ye vain transitory one that we here 
possessed, and pleasures so great that ey hath not seen ye like, nor ear heard 
thereof, nor could they possiby enter into ye heart of man to be conceived. 
So that tho' our change is great, yet it is fortunate, it is a happiness that we 
are to dy and not live here for ever, and one of ye greatest benefits that can 
befall us in this world, for indeed, as Solomon says, ye day of death is (if we 
do but rightly consider it) better than ye day of one's birth. We are born unto 
a miserable world, but we dy unto a happy one ; we are here clothed with cor- 
ruption, but shall there put on ye white garments of incorruption, irnmortality, 
and light ; so that St. Paul, when he thought thereon, could not but desire to be 
dissolved and to be with Christ, that he might be quit of this miserable world, 
and possessor of that glorious one. So that as an old poet says, 

Why are iindecent howlings mixt 

By liveing men in such a case ? 
Why are desires so sweetly fixt 

Reprov'd with discontented face ? 

« See South YorhsMre, i., p. 177. His burial is not recorded at Hatfield. 
" The Regester of the Burials from the date hereof, viz., the 27th of Aprill, 
1690, to the year 1700, were not set do>yn by Mr. Eratt, minister. —3femoran. 
dum in Parish Register. 

« Job, v., 26. 



208 THE DIARY OF 

For all created things at length 

By slow corruption growing old, 
Must needs forsake comported strength, 

And disagreeing webbs unfold. 

But our dear Lord has means prepared 

That death in us may never x-eign; 
And has undoubted ways declared 

How members dead may rise again. 
Dull carcasses to dust now worn, 

Which long in graves corrupting lay, 
Shall to ye nimble air be borne, 

Where souls before have led ye way. 

Earth take this man with kind embrace, 

In thy soft bosom him receive. 
For humane members here I place, 

And generous parts in trust I leave. 
When ys course of time is past, 

And all our hopes fulfill'd shall be, 
Then opening must restore at last 

The limbs in shape which now wee see. 

For as our bodys have been partakers also of the troubles of this world, as 
well as our souls, so they shall likewise be raised up to enjoy ye pleasures of 
ye world to come. 

And as it is a favour and a honour unto us for God to be so kind unto us, 
poor contemptible dust and ashes, as to take us unto himself, out of the miserys 
of this life, unto ye glorious liberty and joys of ye sons of God, so happy is our 
deceased brother that has performed his pilgrimage and persevered unto ye end ; 
happy is he that is received into Abraham's bosom ; happy is he that has now 
all tears wiped away from his eys, freed from all sorrows and troubles, and that 
now sitts in ye glorious presence of God, singing halleluiahs unto his most holy 
name ; unto whose blessed company, and unto which blessed place, that God 
may of his great and infinite mercy bring us all to is the hearty prayer of, 
S'", your most humble and oblieged Servant, 

A. P. 
[Letter from the Dean of York]. 

"York, July 12, '99. 
" Sir, 

Yours of May ye 1.5 I had, and in it ye inscription which Mr. Camden 
saw here. It is certainly ye very same, the' now somewhat hurt and maimed 
in some letters. As for ye cvbvs in ye beginning of ye 3d line I know not what 
to make of it, except we could discover ye want of another line after ye word 

BITVRIX, of which line ye letters cvBVS might seeme to be a part 

CVM PORTICVBVS Hic s.v.F, that is BALNEUM CUM FOR . . . ., etc. I fancy 
out of Gruter, or Kheine, Sims's Inscriptions, ye like might be produced. Sir, 
seeing ye owners of ye trough make soe little esteeme of it, I would buy it of 
them, if a small matter would redeeme it, but you know tis now of very little 
value. I wish you yr satisfaction from yr correspond, about Catton, and else- 
where, and, good Sir, desist not from ye pursuit of these studyes ; I hope time 
will help my Ld Archb. (to whom lately I recomended you), to give you some- 
thing for incouragement. My service to Mr. Bancks. I rest 

" Your assured friend, 
" This for Mf. A. Pryme, at Hull, etc." " T. Gale. 

[Letter from Rev. Z. Taylor]. 

" Wigan, July 20, '99 
" Sir, 

The Bp. being here I have not time to enlarge so much as I would, and 
therefore am constrained to enclose the account I received from ye Warden of 
Manchester, Dr. Wroe, my ever honoured tutor, to whom I sent yours, entreat- 
ing his answer. If anything be uneasy to you in his expressions, you must 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 209 

pardon it, for, had I had time, I would have transcribed what had been proper 
to you, but I had not. Your mistake in my character, I suppose, ariseth from 
my father, whose Christian name was Zachary, as well as myself, and was some 
time in the Presbyterian interest, but I thank God he left it, and died a School- 
master regularly licensd, which ye Presbyterians say I was the cause of, and will 
not forgive me for it. I think the paragraph you transcribed should either be 
struck out, or alterd, and do whether is pleasing to you, for either will be satis- 
factory to 

" Your humble servt. and bro., 

'•Zach. Tayloe. 
" You will, I know, pardon my haste, ye bishop being to be attended. 
" (Addressed).— For the Rnd. Mr. Pryme, at his house, over against the great 
church, in Kingston-upon-HuU, in Yorkshire. These. By London." 

I have lately received the aforegoing letter, which is fixed 
here/ from the learned dean of York, a man never enough to be 
prased, for the great service that he hath done in rescuing the 
antiquitys of his country from oblivion, and this day I writt the 
following answer thereto. 

Very Rev. Sir, , , ■, ^ , ^ , 

Your kind letter came to my hands towards the end of ye last week. 
As for ye trough, I went immediatly to examine ye owner about its price ; he says 
that it cost him 36s., and that it is so very usefull unto him that he would not 
willingly part with it for almost as much more. Ye mscnption is very much 
defaced and worn, and but just legible, but no letters are more fair than CVBVS, 
and there is no casm or abreviation, or want either of line or letter near them, 
there being nothing wanting but ye word or two that is in Cambden, which are 
worn out since his days in ye upper line. I have neither Reinesius nor Gru- 
ter, but I take ye whole inscription to be read thus :— 

Marcus Verecius 

Vir ColoniiB Eboracensis idemq. 

Mortuus, Gives Biturix Clarissimus Vir bene 

vivens hsec sibi vivus fecit. 

For so are these letters, CVBVS, commonly interpreted upon medals and old 

monuments. . • n 

The reason why Cambden left this part of ye inscription out, was, m all 
probability, because that he knew not what to make thereof. 

I most humbly and heartily thank you for your recomendation of me to our 
good diocesan, and for your encouraging of me to prosecute these studdys, than 
which nothing is more sweet, nothing more pleasant unto me, and I am resolved 
ardently to follow ye same. I do already find that there are a great many old 
antiquitys, monuments, inscriptions, and records, in many parts of this country, 
but there [arel very few that observes such things ; they lye buryed m oblivion 
and becomes lost and forgotten. I heard, ye last week, of two old fonts applyd 
to profane uses, with old images and inscriptions on them, but I am so confined 
to ye reading of prayers twice every day, that I cannot get time to go see them. 
There is also in Rudston church-yard a great pillar, with Strang mgravemgs" on 
it. But that which is more observable, and perhaps more worthy of your note, 
is, that, about ten days ago, was discovered in Lincolnshire, a curious Roman 

' See antca, p. 208. 

" The great stone at Rudstone has now quite a plain surface. 



210 THE DIAKY OF 

pavement of mosaic work, of little stones of all sorts of colours, about half 
ye bigness of dice, set in most curious order and figures. It was but just bared, 
and then cover'd up again, until that yo lord of ye soil comes down, which will 
be about a month hence, and then I will be there, if it be possible, to take 
ye whole figure and description thereof, and will either begg it or buy it, and 
contrive some way to take it up whole, and so set it in a table frame at my 
house at Hatfield, whither I send all ye antiquitys and raritys that I can pro- 
cure. Upon account of this, I have sent for Ciampini's famous book of 
ye Rom[an] mosaic pavements, that came out at Rome, in folio, in 1690, and 
shall take care to send you everything observable relating to ye aforegoing one 
that is so lately discover'd. Mr. Banks presents his most humble service to 

you. 

I am, most worthy S^-, 

Your most obliedged humble scrv., 

A. Pbyme, 

Haveing been taking a view of the said Roman pavements 
towards the end of the last week, I writ the learned dean this 
following letter concerning the same. 

Hull, July 22. 
Very Revnd. Sr-, 

Haveing made bold, in my last letter unto you, dated ye of this 

month, to acquaint you with ye recent discovery of a Rom[an pav[ement] in 
Lincolnsh[ire], so I could not for my life (through ye vehement love and affec- 
tion that I have to antiquitys), any longer forbear going to take a view thereof 
tlian yesterday, which haveing perform'd, I shall here, as I promissd, give you 
a larger account thereof. But because that it is by a famous old Roman high- 
way, or street, as it is commonly call'd, I will make bold to describe its course 
unto you as briefly as I can. In ye first place, because that nobody has done it 
before me, and because that I am very well acquainted with all that part of 
ye counti-y. 

I have observed many Roman ways in that county of Lincoln, but none 
more observable than this, which runs almost directly in a straight line from 
London to H umber side. 

This is it that is slightly mentioned by Mr. Camhden (nov. ed., p. 470^, 
as running, says he, from Lincoln northwards, unto ye little village call'd 
Spittle in ye street, and somewhat furder. From this Spittle, in this street, 
and his somewhat furder, I shall continue it's course, and what I have observed 
worthy of note about ye same, unto Humber aforesayd. 

It is not, perhaps, unworthy to note, that this way is call'd all along by 
ye very country people, ye high street, and is so visible that it is a great 
direction and guide to strangers and passengers to keep the road. It is cast up 
on both sides, with incredible labour, to a great height, and discontinued in 
many places, and then begun again, and so on to Humber side. I have observed, 
that where it runs over nothing but bare woulds and plain heath, that there it 
consists of nothing but earth, cast up, but, where it comes to run through 
woods, there it is not only raised with earth, but also paved with great stones 
set edge-wise, very close to one another, in a strong cement or morter, that 
ye joots of ye trees which had been cut down, to make way for ye causey, 
might not spring up again and blind ye road. Which paved causey is yet 
very strong, firm, and visible in many places of this street, where woods are 
yet standing on both sides, as undoubtedly they were in ye Roman times, else 
it had not been paved, and in other places it is paved, where nothing of any 
wood is to be seen, tho' undoubtedly there was when it was made. In one 
place I measured ye bredth of ye sayd paved street, and I found it just seven 
yards broad. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRTME. 211 

This street, or causey, in its course full north from Spittle aforesayd, runs 
by ye fields of Hibberston, in which fields, not farr of this street, is ye found- 
ations of many Roman buildings to be seen, as is manifest from their tile there 
found, and tradition says that there hath been a citty and castle there ; and 
there are two springs, ye one called Julian's Stony Well, and ye other Castleton 
Well, and there are several old Roman coins found there. Perhaps this might 
be some little old Roman town, by their highway side, and was perhaps called 
Castleton, or Casterton, from its being built in or by some of their camps that 
were then in these fields. 

About a mile furdur to ye northward, on ye west side of ye sayd street, upon 
a great plain or sheep-walk, there is very visible the foundations of another old 
town, tho' now there is neither house, stone, rubish, tree, hedge, fence, nor 
close to be seen, belonging thereto. I have counted ye vestigia of ye buildings, 
and found them to amount to about one hundred or more, and ye number of 
ye streets and lanes, which are five or six. Tradition calls this place Gainstrop, 
and I do very well remember that I have re'd, in ye 2nd volume of ye Mon. Angl. 
of lands or tenements herein given unto Newstead priory, not far of this place, 
in an island of ye river Ank, falsly called Ankam. 

About a mile or two hence, ye street runs through Scawby wood, where it is 
all paved, and from thence close by Broughton town end, by a hill which I 
should take to be a very great barrow, and that ye town had its name from it 
quasi Barrow, or Burrow town, but that it seems to be too excessively great for 
one. However, I have found fragments of Roman tiles there. 

From thence ye causy, all along paved, is continnued about a mile furder, to 
ye entrance upon Thornholm moor, where there is a place by ye street called 
Bratton Graves, and a little east, by Broughton wood side, there is a spring, 
that I discovered some years ago, that turns moss into stone, and not farr fur- 
der stands ye ruins of ye stately priory of Thornholm, built by k[ing] Stephen. 
Opposite to this priory, about a quarter of a mile on ye west side of ye street 
is a place called Santon, from ye flying sands there, which have overrun and 
ruin'd some hundreds of acres of land, amongst which sands was, in antient 
times, a great Roman pottery, as ye learned doct[or] Lister shews, in ye Trans- 
[actions] of R.S., v. ...,p. ...,from yereliquesof ye ruinous furnaces, andyc many 
fragments of Roman urns and potts yet to be met with. I have also found a 
great piece of brass, in ye bottom of ye ruins of one of ye furnaces, like a 
cross, which perhaps was part of a grate to set some potts on. 

Pteturning back again to ye street, there are several hills, like barrows, 
thereby, on ye top of one of which is erected a great flat stone, now so far sunk 
into ye earth that there is not over half a foot of it to be seen ; but I could not 
observe any inscription thereon, tho' undoubtedly it has not been set there for 
nothing. 

Entering, then, into Appelby lane, ye street leads through ye end of ye town, 
at which town is two old Roman games yet practiz'd, ye one call'd Julian's 
Bower, and ye other Troy's Walls. 

From hence ye street runs straight on, leaving Roxby, a little town, half 
a mile on ye west, where ye Roman pavement is discover'd that I shall describe 
unto you." And Winterton,"" a pretty neat town, where ye worthy familys of 
ye Places and Nevils inhabit, promoters and encouragers of everything that is 
good, and great lovers of antiquitys. 

" An engraving of the Roman Pavement at Roxby was published by the 
late Mr. William Fowler, of Winterton. 

"" Winterton. In 1866 Mr. Peacock exhibited to the Society of Antiquaries 
the original manuscript of our Diarist's history of this place, which he stated 
was given to him by his friend, the late Ven. W. B. Stonehouse, vicar of Owston, 
Lincolnshire, and Archdeacon of Stow, the historian of the Isle of Axholme. 
The latter had found it, about thirty years before, in a cottage in one of the 



212 THE DIARY OF 

Then, about three or four miles furder, leaving Wintringham about half a 
mile to ye west, ye said street falls into Humber, and there ends. 

All this end of ye country, on ye west side of this street, hath been full of 
Romans in old time, as may be gathered from their coins and many tyles, which 
are found all hereabouts, especially at a cliff called Winterton Cliff, where 
has been some old Rom [an] building ; and furder, about two miles more west- 
ward, is Alkburrow, which seems to have been a Rom [an] town, not only from 
its name, but also a small four-squair camp there, on ye west side of which is 
a barrow, call'd Countess barrow, or pitt, to this day. 

Haveing thus given you an idea of this part of ye countiy, and how and 
whereabouts this town of Ro.Kby stands, where this Roman pavement is dis- 
covered, I shall now proseed to give you an account thereof, as I took it upon 
ye place, ye latter end of ye last week. 

Being got thither with Mr. Place and Mr. Nevil, two Winterton gent[lemen], 
we found that ye close or garth lyes in ye town aforesayd, on ye south-west side 
of ye church. Ye lord of ye soil is Mr. Elways, a south country gent[leman]. 
Te tenant's name is Tho[mas] Smith. Ye occasion of its discovery was his 
digging to repair a fence between this close and another, which, as soon as he 
had discovered, he bared a little thereof (it lying about a foot and a half in 
ye ground), and digged in many places, and found it to be, as he guesses, about 
six. or seven yards broad, and as many long, if not more ; but, he being not at 
all curious thereof, ye school-boys went and pull'd several curious figures in 
pieces, that he had bared, which were set in circles. 

Haveing got a spade, a shovel, and a besom, we fell to work, and with a 
great deal of labour, bared about a jard and a half squair ; in bareing of which 
we cast up many pieces of Roman tyle, ye bone of ye hinder legg of an ox or 
cow, broken in two, and many pieces of lime and sand, or plaster, painted red 
and yellow, which had been ye cornish either of some altar, or some part of 
ye building that was there, whatever it was ; and we observed, likewise, that 
several great stones, in their falling, had broke through ye pavement, and there 
layd, untill that we removed them. 

Then, haveing swept ye space aforesayd, that we had bared, very clean, 
ye pavement look'd exceeding beautifull and pretty, and one would not imagine 
that such mean stones could make such pretty work, for they are nothing but 
four squair bitts of brick, slate, and cauk, set in curious figueres and order, and 
are only of colours red, blew, and white, specimens of all which I have sent by 
ye bearer ; amongst which there is one as larg again as any of ye rest, of which 
many whole rows and rectangular figures of ye same bigness, consisting of 
blew, red, and white, were composed all on ye outside of ye smaller work. 
Ye material that these little pavers are set in, is a floor of lime and sand, and 
not plaster, as many are, which floor is so rotten with time, that one may easily 
take up ye little pavers, some whole flowers of which I intend to take up whole, 
and send to Hatfield, if it be possible. I stay only ye coming down of ye lord 
of ye soil, to see it, who, I am sure, will not regard it- Of these pavements you 
may see many accounts in Camb[den's] nov. edit., p. 451, 603, 604, 607, etc. 
Oiampini's book upon this subject, which I thought to have got, is not to be 
had in all London. 



villages near Owston. From the signature on its cover, and the autograph at 
the end, it evidently once belonged to George Stovin, esq., a celebrated anti- 
quary in his day, and a member of a gentilitial family that had been long 
settled at Tetley, in the Isle of Axholme. He died in 1780. The MS. is styled 
A sliort vic7v of ye History and Antif/uities of Winterton. At ye request of 
Thomas Place, Gent, of ye said Town, collected hy A. P., Min. of Thorn, 1703. 
This MS., accompanied by prefatory observations on the family and the life 
and writings of Abraham de la Pryme, the Diarist, was printed by the Society 
in Archwulogia, vol. xl. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 213 

I have inclosed herein an exact draught of as much of this Rom [an] pav- 
[ement] as we bared and discover'd, with ye colours of ye little stones as they 
stand in ye work, which I took upon ye place ; and when that 1 discover and 
take ye rest, I shall make bold to present ye same unto you. with some of 
ye very figures, if I might be so happy as to know that this and they would be 
acceptible unto you. Humbly begging pardon for thus troubling you with so 
long and teadious a letter, 

I am, your most humble serv., 

A. P. 

Our newse from London this day, the 27th of August, 1699, 
says, that upon the lord major's proclaiming Bartholomew fair, 
last week, there gather'd a vast crowd about him, who cry'd out 
" Grod bless the king and the lord major, that stands up for the 
church of England ! God bless the king," etc., as before, thou- 
sands of times. 

[Letter inserted]. 

"For the Eev. Mr. Primme, at Kingston-super- Hull. 

" Gainsburgh, Aug. 29 (99). 
"Sr., 

" I was lately inform'd that there had bin at Hull a person who came 
from Manchester, where he had bin, for some time, a teacher to a presbyterian 
assembly, and had a mighty reputation amongst them, who shipt from 
Hull for Holland; a man, as I am told, of Socinian principles, and some think 
a Jesuit. If you can give me any account of this business, I beg the favour of 
you to do it. I would hope it might be serviceable to let some misguided per- 
sons see, that they are, at this day, as much imposed on as their ancestors were 
by one Faithful! Comin, and Heath. Be pleased to give me an answer to this- 
as soon as possible, and it will be a great kindness, to 

" Sir. 

" Your very humble servant, 

"A. Smythe. 

Hull, Aug. ye 31, '99.-^ 
Revnd. Sr., 

Your letter came to my hands yesternight, and, in obedience to 
your desire, I answer, that all that I told Mr. Wesley, and others, about ye per- 
son that you enquire of. is a real truth. 

He came to this town about ye middle of Septem[ber] or Octob[er], last 
year, from London, as he sayd, to go into Holland, to take possession of an 
estate that was fain to him there by ye death of an unkle. He was of middle 
stature, in black cloths, had a sword by his side, was very neat and fine, and 
one of ye most pleasant mercurial fellows, and one of ye most universal schol- 
lars that ever I mett with, haveing all notions, new and old, and all ye most 
noble arts and sciences at his finger ends. He spoke very good Lattin, and 
had a tongue ye best hung that ever I met with ; had gold and silver plenty, 
and kept company with most of ye great men of this town, especial the Jacob- 
ites. Sayd that his name was John Midgley, and writ it so, and that his 
brother, doct[or] Midgley, and him, were ye composers of ye Turkish Sjjy, and 

^ This letter is not addressed, but it is evidently an answer to the preced- 
ing one. 



214 THE DIARY OF 

that he was about thirty-five years of age, etc. I became aequainted with him, 
by chance, at ye bookseller's shop. After that he came almost every day to 
prayers in the church, and from thence to my chamber, where we sat and had 
a great deal of talk about all sorts of learning. I soon found that he was a 
ridged deist and Socinian. He turn'd of with a great deal of seeming inge- 
nuity all ye arguments and quotations that are commonly brought out of the 
antient fathers for ye divinity of ye Son and Holy Ghost, and quoted very 
readily other expressions, both in Greek and Lat[in], out of ye same fathers, 
against it. He rediculed infant bapti.sm exceedingly, and made all religion 
nothing but state poUicy ; which pernitious whimseys he made it his business 
to propogate in all company he came in, bringing them in one way or other, 
etc. I remember that I asked him %vhat he thought of ye Sury business, to 
"which he readily answer'd that he had seen all ye papers thereon, and did 
believe that it was a damn'd cheat. I have heard him at other times plead 
mightily for king James, and ye celebacy of ye clergy, and say that, as he was 
not marry'd, so he never had, nor never would defile himself with woman kind, 
etc. Haveing stay'd here about a month or six weeks, ye wind strikeing fair, 
over he went to Holland ; was landed at Rotterdam, kept company with several 
there ; stay'd some days, and then what became of him is not certain. Some 
think that he went to St. Omer's, to give an account of his negotiations amongst 
ye dissenters in Manchester. 

Thus all noise of him ceased at this town, and we never thought more of 
him, 'til about half a year after, Mr. Colling, of this town, rideingto Manchester, 
on a py'd horse that he had bought of this spark, no sooner got he into ye town, 
but almost every body knew ye horse ; and ye old owner living there challeng'd 
him, sayd he lent him such a day and time to such a one, one of their assistant 
preachers, ye best man in ye whole world, tho' he had ridden away with him. 
So that by this means ye whole villany came to be discover'd and found out : 
how that the horse was Mr. Greves's, of ye said town, that ye above sayd Midg- 
ley was certainly ye man that had been preacher amongst them about a year, 
that he went there by ye name of Gacheld, had been curate to ye chief presbi- 
terian man of that town about twelve months, that he passed there for one of 
ye most pious and religiousest men that ever lived, that he administer'd ye sac- 
raments, etc., was cry'd up for ye most heavenly gifted man that ever came to 
town, and preached and pray'd wonderfully, etc. ; so that, when he went away, 
pretending that ye L^- had given him a call to West Chester, he dissolv'd them 
all into tears at his farewell sermon, and told them that, tho' he should be 
absent, yet he would pray as much for them, that they might stand stedfast in 
ye faith, as if he was yet present with them, that he doubted God would let 
them see his face no more, etc., and that they would be pleas'd to administer 
somewhat of their abundance unto his necessity, for, being to take a jorney, he 
had not wherewithal! to carry him on, etc. Upon this, great offerings were 
made him ; some gave him five pounds, some six, some seven, some eight, 
some more, some less ; and amongst others, besides a larg sum that the above- 
sayd Mr. Greves presented him with, he proffer'd to lend him his horse to West 
Chester, upon condition that he would take care to return him speedily again, 
etc., but mounting, insted of going to West Chester, he came streight to this 
town, and lived as before related. Yet, for all this, tho' ye wise godly were 
thus basely imposed upon, and tho' they acknowledge and confess that they 
were cheated, yet they have a very great love, veneration, and respect for him 
unto this day. Doct[or] Wroe, mast[er] of Manchester coll[ege], in a letter 
of his to me, says, that he preached them out of above 100/. that year. Other 
letters I have out of Lancash[ire], since, which say that it is reported that he 
has been seen at London, and that he is at present chapl[ain] to ye duchess of 
Somerset. But I look upon this as a presbiterian invention and trick, to bring 
him off from being supposed to be a papist or Roman emisary, that they them- 
selves might come of ye better. 

I leave it to your ingenuity and judgment to judge what he was, whether he 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 215 

was a papist, which 'tis exceeding probable that he was not. The presbiterians 
were exceedingly to blame. However, ye substance of all of it, with a better 
account of ye Sury delu[sion] than that which Mr. Taylor has given us, with a 
presbit[erian] impost[er] at Dublin, in '94 or '95, will speedily be publish'd, 
they being almost printed off. 

I beo-o- pardon for my tediousness ; and, as I shall always be most ready to 
serve you in any thing in my power, so 

■^ 1 am, Sr-, 

Tour most humbl. ser., 

A. P. 

[Not addressed]. 

Dear Sr., _ , ■,-,:, r 

I am exceeding glad to hear by Mr. West that you are design d for 
ye East Indys. Oh ! how I wish that I had ye happiness of waiting upon you 
thither, of seeing all ye raritys that you'l see, ye Strang birds, beasts, fishes, and 
wonderful works of God. Well, I am so ty'd and confined to my country, that 
I cannot attend you, or have ye liberty and good fortune that you have. Above 
all things, I earnestly beseech you to take great care of your health, to forbear 
all manner of excess of strong'dxinks and Strang meats, and to begin to leave 
of feeding much of flesh before vou go abord, for I look upon nothing more 
prejudicial to us when we come into hot countrys than our eating so much flesh. 
There are other rules for health that I would give, if I thought that you was 
not already provided of such. Amongst other things observable about Bom- 
baim whither I suppose you are bound, I earnestly besieech you to make ye most 
diligent inquisition that can be into ye antiquitys of ye country, ye originals of 
ye people, and their languages, what traditions they have, and for ye better 
understanding of several things in the Minor Prophets, to compare their super- 
stitions and religious rites therewith, for as they are ye more obscure, so I am 
of oppinion that ye right understanding of ye supersititions of ye heathen can- 
not be better illustrated and clear'd than by ye old traditions and practises that 
ye most barbarous people of ye east yet uses. I also earnestly intreat you to get 
what old books you can in ye language of those babarous countrys you come in, 
and to get them translated, and take down every inscription, epitaph, and hiero- 
gliphick that you shall see or hear of, if possible, and inquire of ye country 
people into its meaning. There is a great island call'd Canovein, near unto Bom- 
baim, in which wonderfull reliques of antiquity are to be seen. There is ye top 
of a vast rock, inaccessible to above two or 3 abreast, cut out into a citty call'd 
after the name of the island, or was perhaps antiently a great heathen temple. 
In one place there is, as it were, Vulcan's forge, all cut out of ye hard rock, sup- 
ported by two mighty coUosses. Next, a temple, with a beautiful frontispiece, 
not unlike ye portico of St. Paul's west gate at London, within ye gate on each 
side stands two monstrous giants, where two lesser and one greater gate give a 
noble entrance into a temple, or vast room, which receives no light but by ye doors 
and windows of ye porch. Ye roof is, as it were, arched, or perhaps is really so, 
and seems to be born up with vast pillars of ye same rock, some round, some 
squair thirty-four in number, and ye cornish work is of elephants, horses, lions, 
tygres' etc At the upper end it rounds like a bow, where stands a great offer- 
tory somewhat oval : the body of it without pillars, they onely making a narrow 
piatzo about, leaving ye nave open, it may bee one hundred foot m length, and 
in height sixty or more. _ , , ^ j. ,. j i 

Beyond this, by the same mole like industry, is worked out of ye hard rock 
a vast court of judicature or place of audience, as those that shew it name it, 
fifty foot square, all bestuck with imagrey, well engraved, according to old 
sculpture. On ye side over against ye door sitts a great image, to whome ye 
Bramins that shew strangers all these things pay always great respect and 
reverence, tho' for what they say they do not know. Him they call Jongee, or 
ye holy man. Under this vast building are innumerable little cells, or rooms, 



216 THE DIARY OF 

like stalls in stables for horses, at ye head of every one of which, is nitches or 
corbells with images in them, which seems to shew that this vast work was a 
seminary of heathen devotees, and that these were their cells and dormitorys, 
and ye open place their common hall or school. Multitudes of other buildings 
there also are in ye rock, with stately porticos and entrances, which will require 
a great deal of time to view. Pray view them all, take an exact account of 
them, and ye draughts of all the most observable images and characters, and 
hierogliphicks, which I take to be nothing but Chinese letters ; and enquire if 
there be any medals or coins ever found thereabouts, which may inform us 
who was ye wonderfuU contriver and former of this extraordinary and mira- 
culous work. 

Not far of this same island of Canova, in ye same bay of Bombaim, is an 
island call'd Elephanto, from a monstrous elephant, cut out of a main rock, 
bearing a young one on its back. Not f arr from it is ye effigies of an horse stuck up 
to ye belly in ye earth in the vally. From thence, climbing up unto ye sumit of 
ye highest mountain on ye island, there is another rock cutt into ye shape of a 
temple or fane. It is supported with forty-two pillars, (pray examine of what 
order they are), being a square open on all sides, but towards ye east where 
stands a statue with three heads crowned, with Strang hieroglyphics, which be 
sure to coppy out, I being pretty sure that they are Chinese and may be inter- 
preted. On the north side, in an high portico, stands an altar guarded by gyants, 
and immured by a square wall all along. Ye walls are loaded with huge giants, 
some with eight hands, making their vanquish'd knights stoop for mercy. Before 
this temple there is a great tank, or cistern, full of water, and a little beyond 
it another place full of images. 'Tis sayd that this seems to be of a latter date 
than that at Canoven, because perhaps that it has not suffered so much by 
ye Portigals as ye first hath ; they striveing to demolish and break all these old 
reliques of Paganish. 

If you have any conveniency of going into Persia, or of sending thither, I 
should be very glad to have a full account of ye staitly ruins of Persepolis, now 
called Chulminoor, or ye forty pillars, tho' now there are but, as they say, eight- 
teen standing. I am fully satisfyd with ye oppinion of ye learned Doct[or] 
Frier, that this was never any king's pallace, but onely a vast heathen temple ; 
ye images of ye captives that are cutt there are exactly in ye old Persian garb or 
habit, and much ye same which ye Gaurs, or Gabers, which are descended from 
them, wear to this day. These ruins are so exactly described by many that 
I will not trouble you with ye being more exact in them, onely I besieech you 
tra.nscribe all ye inscriptions that you can see ; and if you find anything new, 
be pleas'd to take notice of it. In ye mountains about these ruins, are an abun- 
dance of vast reliques, images, tombs, inscriptions, etc., which I most earnestly 
besieech you to take an exact account of. I will lay no furder burthen upon 
you, dear Sr-. y pray, for God's sake, bear and answer but this, and I will never 
trouble you again. In ye meanwhile my prayers shall never be wanting to ye 
true God, ye God of sea and land, ye author and preserver of health, in whome 
wee live, and move, and have our being, that he would be please'd to grant you 
a good voyage, perfect health, full oppertunity, and good success, in all those 
things, and that he would bring you safe home again ; which is, and always 
shall be, ye most humble prayers, untill I hear from you again, of your most 
humble friend and servant, 

A. P. 

Not many years ago, as a gentleman was digging to lay the 
foundation of his house in Boston, in Lincolnshire, the workmen 

y It is to be regretted that the name of the correspondent, upon whom this 
gentle burthen was laid, is not supplied. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 217 

found in a great hollow'd stone, in a great many boxes and fold- 
ings, the following record, in parchment, in very old English. 

Memorandum. x\nno 1300, in ye 3d year of Edvv. ye L'd, y^ Munday after 
Palm Sunday in ye same year, ye miners began to break ground for ye foun- 
dation of Boston steeple, and so continnued till Midd summer following, at 
which time they were deeper than the haven by live foot ; at which depth they 
found a bed of stone upon a firm sand, and under that a bed of chiy, ye thickness 
of which could not be known. Then, upon ye Munday next after ye feast of 
St. John Baptist, in ye same year, was layd ye first stone by Dame Margery 
Tilney, upon which shee layd five pounds sterling. S""- Joliu Tusedail, then 
parson of Boston, gave also five pounds, and Richard Stevenson, a merchant 
in Boston, gave 51. more, which was all ye gifts given at that time. 

1 am sorry I cannot hear whether there were not any more 
records found with it, and I have written thither to know furder. 

'Tis sayd for a certain truth that the altitude of the steeple 
and length of the chm-ch are equal, viz., each ninety-four yards. 

The number of the stepps are 365, equal to the days. The 
windows fifty-two, equal to the weeks ; and the pillars twelve, 
equal to the number of the months in a year. 

In the 21, 22, 23,. 24, and 25 years of Edw[ard] the 1st, 
the majorality of York was in the king's hands, and S^"- John de 
Melsa, or Meaux, was governour of the citty, who was a great 
man of stature, and a warriour, as appeareth by some of his 
armes, namely, his helmit, still to be seen in Holderness, at 
Albrough church, where he lyeth bury'd under a fair monument, 
no ways defaced; upon which is ingraven, in stone, the arms of 
Eoos, ' Oatreed, Fulco de Oyry, Hastings, Lassels, Hiltons, and 
others, this present year, 1693, still to be seen.'' 

Upon several reparations makeing in our church of the Holy 
Trinity of Kingston-upon-Hull, considering that no way is 
better to preserve anything to posterity than to hide the same, it 
came suddainly into my head, seeing a convenient place, to lay 
some books up there to future ages. Upon which, haveing a great 
veneration for that most excellent of kings, k[ing] C[harles] 
the 1st, who is so much reviled and despised now-a-days, I 
wrapped carefully up his ruwv Baa,\Un, of the first edit[ion] in '48, 
doct[or] WagstafF's Vindication of the same against Tooland ; 
Gilbert and Young's Defence of him ; and Boscobel, or the won- 
derfull accomit of k[ing] Ch[arles] the 2nd's preservation after 

2 This is noticed in Tlwmjisoii's Ilistojvj of Boston, ed. 1820, p. 91. See a 
communication in Notes and Queries, 4th S. v., pp. 27, 133, upon Foundation 
and Dedication Stones. 

" Paulson, ii., 13. Warburton specifies fourteen coats of arms, but does 
not name the eleventh, which is Richmond. 
P 



218 



THE DIARY OF 



Worster fight ; and, takeing a piece of parchment, I writt the 
following verses thereon. 

In perpetuam rei memoriam, in 

Perpetuam optimi Principis 

Caroli Primi, Martyris, Piissimi, 

Doctissimi, Mitissimi, Patris 

Patrise Eegisq. Eegum, memoriam, 

Posuit 

In hoc loco hos tres libros, 

Servus Christi indignissimus 

Abr. de la Pryme, de Hatfield, 

Juxta Danum, hujus S. S. EccL, 

Lector quotidianus. 

Qui hujus Bibliothecce catal. 

Primo fecit. 

Hujus ecclesise, oppidi, et 

Comitatus, historiam primo 

Composuit, etc. 

Anno ab Incarnatione 

Filii Dei 1699. 

Then, haveing roll'd it up, and wrapt them together, I com- 
mitted them to fate.* 

Nov. THE 10. This day I received the following letter, and an 
old coin, from the worshipfull Mr. Mason, alderman of this town, 
who lives at Welton. 

"Welton, 24 Octr., 1699. 
" Mr. Prime, 

" This peece of coyne, which I reckon beareth a Roman face, was found 
by a neighbour of mine, a waller, in digging a well at Brough, a ferry towne, 

* See South Yorlisldre, i., p. 180, note. 

<^ He had no son, it is believed, of the name of Robert, but a son in law. 

Kev. Valentine Mason, bp. at Cherrington, CO. Oxon., Nov., 1583. =Grace Rhodes, married at St. 
Vicarof Driffield 1 Dec, 1615, to 3 Aug., 1635. Vicar of Ellough- John's, Beverley, 11 October, 
ton 21 Aug., 1623, till his death, in 1639. | 1626. 



Other 
issue. 



Robert Mason, third son, born 1632 or 33. Sheriff of Hull=Elizabeth stated 



1675, mayor 1681 and 1696. Died 26 Feb., 1718-19, aged 
86. Will d. 5 Dec, 1712, then of Welton, gent. By sur- 
render, 16 Nov., 169i, gave £1 14s. 8d. to the poor of 
Welton. 



by Beckwith to have lived 
60 years as his wife. 



Hugh Mason, = .. 
living 1680. 
1734. 



Rev. ThomasMason, rector 
of Thornton, bp. at St. 
Mary s, Hull, Feb., 1661. 



Rev. William Mason, = 
vicar of Holy Trinity, 
Hull. 



-K 



Elizabeth, wife 

of Erasmus bur. at St. 

Darwin. Mary's, Hull, 

_ 26 Nov., 1728. 



^ 



Mercy, =fRobert Mason, 
bur. at St. Mary's, 
Hull, 19th AprU, 
1717. 



Robert, 
bp. 2 Sep., 
1696. 



Elizabeth, bap. 25 

September, 

1696. 



Rev. William Mason, 
the Poet. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 219 

eight miles from Hull, one antient ferry towne formerly belonging the crowne ; 
the towne is on this syde Humber, nigh Trent, and is in the parish of Ellaugh- 
ton, a lordpp- bought from the crowne. The finder would gladly believe it to 
be gold, but I deeme it bras or copper. I reckon you curious in such enquiries, 
so send it for your veue, and, after yowr remarkes taken of it, pray returne it 
to my sonn Ro[bert],<^ who brings it, and give him your thoughts thereupon, who 
will communicate.the same to S^'-. 

" Your friend, 

" Robert Mason." 

Uuto which I returned, tliis day, the following answer. 

Worshipful! Sir, 

I most heartily thank you for ye honour you did me in sending me 
ye old coin that was found at Brough. Your kind letter and it came to my 
hands yesterday. It is not gold, as ye finder imagined, but onely a mixture of 
copper and brass, as most of ye old Roman coins are. Ye effigies on it is that 
of ye famous emperor Hadrian, who, hearing that ye Brittons that his ancestors 
had conquer'd were upon ye point of rebellion, came with a mighty power into 
this land, about ye year of Christ 124, and, haveing settled all in peace, re- 
turned triumphantly home. Ye inscription about that his coin which you was 
pleased to send me is this : — 

Imperator Caesar Nerva Trajanus 

Hadrianus Augustus Fontifex maxi- 

mus Pater Patriaa 

On ye reverse is ye image of Liberty, sitting at peace and ease in a chair, with 
a spear in her left hand, and a sacryfiseing dish in her right, as offering thanks 
to ye gods for ye happiness ye empire enjoy'd under his reign, circumscribed, 
Libertas Publica, and, under all, C. S., that is Senatus Consultu, as being 
coined to ye honour of his memory by the advice of ye senate. 

As to ye town where it was found, it was an old Roman town, ye landing 
place of their forces out of Lincolnshire, and at it, as soon as they had got 
over, they cast up three huge banks, one of which ran towards York, another 
towards ye north, by Ripplingham — yet to be seen— and another towards 
Beverley, and thence to Pattrington, scarce now visible. 

And, last of all, when ye Roman forces were all sent for home, m great 
hast, about ye year 400, to defend their own country from the barbarous natives 
that invaded, ye soldiers and Roman inhabitants that were very rich here hid 
their money and treasure in thousands of places in this land, in hopes to have 
return'd again and possessed it, but they never returning is ye reason that there 
are such great number of their coins found in this nation. 

I am your most humble and oblieged servant, 

Abr. Pryme. 

Constant tradition says that there lived in former times, in 
SofFhara," alias Sopham, in Norfolk, a certain pedlar, who 
dreamed that if he went to London bridge, and stood there, he 
shoidd hear very joyfull newse, which he at first sleighted, but 
afterwards, his dream being dubled and trebled upon him, he 
resolv'd to try the issue of it, and accordingly went to London, 
and stood on the bridge there two or three days, looking about 

^ Swaffham, 



220 THE DIARY OF 

him, but heard nothing that might yield him any comfort. At 
last it happen'd that a shopkeeper there, hard by, haveing noted 
his fruitless standing, seeing that he neither sold any wares, nor 
asked any almes, went to him, and most earnestly begged to 
know what he wanted there, or what his business was ; to which 
the pedlar honestly answer'd, that he had dream'd that if he 
came to London, and stood there upon the bridg, he should hear 
good newse ; at which the shopkeeper laught heartily, asking 
him if he was such a fool to take a jorney on such a silly errand, 
adding, " I'll tell thee, country fellow, last night I dream'd that 
I was at Sopham, in Norfolk, a place utterly unknown to me, 
where, methought behind a pedlar's house, in a certain orchard, 
and under a great oak tree, if I digged, I should find a vast 
treasure ! Now think you," says he, "that I am such a fool to 
take such a long jorney upon me upon the instigation of a silly 
dream ? No, no, I'm wiser. Therefore, good fellow, learn witt 
of me, and get you home, and mind your business." The 
pedlar observeing his words, what he sayd he had dream'd, and. 
knowing that they concenterd in him, glad of such joyfull newse, 
went speedily home, and digged, and found a prodigious great 
treasure, with which he grew exceeding rich; and Soffham 
church, being for the most part fal'n down, he set on workmen, 
and re-edifyd it most sumptuously, at his own charges ; and to 
this day there is his statue therein, cut in stone, with his pack at 
his back, and his dogg at his heels ; and his memory is also pre- 
served by the same form or pictm-e in most of the old glass 
windows, taverns, and alehouses of that town, unto this day. 

Haveing received, the last week, a kind and obliedgiug letter 
from the famous dean of York, which is the letter here before 
inserted,* I returned him this answer. 



Very Kevnci. Sr-, 

Being gone ye last week about some very earnest business, out of this 
town unto Bautry,_ I had not ye happiness to meet with your most kind and 
acceptable letter (for which I most heartily thank you), unto Saturday last that 
I got back. 

It being my vanity, or curiosity, to take a strict view of all places that I 
come at, I think that I have discover'd something that may be acceptable unto 
you, or which, perhaps, may be a hint to some other of your noble discoverys. 
That ye Romans cut down and destroyed ye vast forrest, that grew upon 
ye Levels of Hatfield Chace, which contains about ninety thousand acres, is 
pretty certain. Upon ye borders of ye sayd Levels, I found ye last week an 
antient town called Osterfleld, on this side Bautiy, and, hard by it, a great four- 
squair Roman fortification. When I saw this, I began to consider and conjec- 

' Not now in the Diarv. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYBIE. 221 

ture that this town might take its name from Ostorius Scapula/ that he fought 
a field or battel there, and that ye Roman encampment there found might be 
raised by him, that ye enemy he fought against might be ye old Brittains of 
ye great levels, morasses, boggs, and woods adjoining, and that when he had 
vanquish'd them, he might be ye man that caused to be burnt, cut down, and 
destroy'd, ye vast forrest that spread itself over ye sayd low grounds. 

I shall say no more, but submit this conjecture to your most pierceing and 
happy judgment, onely adding, that to ye best of my memory, ye Roman way 
from Agelorura to Danum runs not farr of from ye aforesayd place. 

As to ye Nantz brandy, I have got you a quart of ye best that I could, and 
sent it by ye bearer, which 1 most humbly beseech you to accept of, as a present 
from 

Your most humble, most obleged. 

And obedient Servant, 
Hull, Nov. 20, '99. A. P. 

/ Hunter {South Yorhsliire, i., 79), when writing about Austerfield, says, 
" We may dismiss, as scarcely worth a moment's attention, De la Pryme's con- 
jecture that the name is derived from that of the Roman general Ostorius. 
The instances are so rare, if indeed there are any instances, of a Roman patro- 
nymic entering into our local nomenclature, that it cannot in any case be 
admitted without the most indisputable evidence. And when we observe how 
many of our villages derive their names from the cardinal points, we shall 
probably not err in assigning its origin to the old form of the word east. The 
earth-work near the village is however evidently a camp of Roman construction." 



VOLUME THE SECOND 



LIFE 



OF 



ABEAH. DE LA PRIME, 



CONTAINING AN ACCOUNT OF 

ALL THE MOST OBSERVABLE AND REMARKABLE THINGS 

THAT HE HATH TAKEN NOTICE OF, 

FROM THE YEAR 1700, 

BEGINNING AT JANUARY, UNTO THIS TIME, 

TO WITT, THE YEAR 17.... 



[1700]. 

This day, Jan. the 7tb, I happened to be in company with an 
ingenious old lady of my acquaintance, who, having tabled 
several years in the family of one of the king's physicians, in 
King Charles the Second's and King James the Second's times, 
she tells me that there is no better medicine in the world for an 
asthma and shortness of breathing than this, etc. [Here follow 

recipes]. 

Our late newse out of the north tells us that the great tire 
nnder ground, near Newcastle, which some years ago? burnt and 
layd wast seven miles of ground round about it, destroying 
several villages, has lately begun to smook exceedingly again, 
which very much frights the neighbours, and makes them fear 
that it is going to spread furder and break out again. 

Jan. 28. This day I went to Swine,'' in Holderness, to give 
them a sermon, haveing long'd to see that church and town a 
o-reat while. The town has formerly been very larg and hand- 
tom, as the people report, before the times of the Reformation, 
tho' now 'tis very mean and inconsiderable, nobody inhabiting 
the same but a few country clowns. There is but three things 
that renders it now remarkable, to wit, the greatness of its par- 
ish, which hath nineteen towns and villages in it;' secondly, the 
ruins of a famous old nunnery there built by Erenburch de 
Burtona, wife to Ulbert Constable,^ which are scarce now 

f In S,/7ies's Local Records, i., 128, there is a brief notice of this fire. 
It was at Benwell, near Newcastle. But Major e longinquo reverentm! Dis- 
tance has lent enchantment to the Diarist's description 

A A parish and township 7 miles N.E. from Hull, m the east-riding of York- 
shire. See mstory of the ChurcU and Prioi'nj of Swine in BoU^-ness hj 
Thomas Thompson, F.A.S., Hull, 1824. And Poadsons Holderness, Hull, 1841, 

^°^'i"" Containrng' the hamlets of Arnold and Rowton, Benningholme and 
Fairholm, Burton-Constable, Bilton, Coniston, and Ellerby ; comprising Dow- 
thorpe, part of Langthorpe, Owborough, and Woodhall, Gansteac and Turner 
Hall, ilarton. North and South Skirlaugh, Thirtleby, and Wyton. -Paulson. 

J According to Tanner, in the Notitia Monastica, the Priory of Swine was 
founded by Robert de Verli, before the end of the reign of king Stephen Ut 
his history little is known. The house, which was dedicated to the Virgin 
Mary, consisted of a prioress and fifteen nuns, at the least, of the Cistercian 
order Erenbiirgh de Burton, wife of Ulbert de Constable, was only one of 
the benefactors to it. She gave a carucate of land in Freistingthorpe (Frais- 
thorpe), in 'D\z\q.xu\z.— Dug dale's Monast. Anglic, vol. i., p. 834. 



226 THE DIARY OF 

visible ; and thii'clly, a larg, capacious, and indifferently mag- 
nificent church, which by the broken pillars and old arches, 
now walled up, seems to have been much larger and neater in 
former times ;'' but, considering the havock that was made of all 
sacred things in the days of the Reformation, it is a mercy and a 
particular and great providence of God that we have what- we 
have. In the body of the said church there is the old organ 
loft, and a small case of organs yet standing and perfect, tho' all 
the pipes are gone. And under an arch in the south wall lyes a 
knight in armer, with his lady by him, cut out of most white 
marble, with great exactness and curiosity. Her head-di'ess is a 
cap encompass'd with a roll of coronets or chaplets, by which she 
seems to have been a Tilleyol, but who he was cannot now be 
known, all the coats of armes being totally worn of : his crest, 
upon which his head lyes, is a boar's neck and head muzzled. 

In the chancel are sixteen cannons' seats, yet perfect, eight 
on the one side and eight on the other, with the canopy over 
them.' And in a little quire, on the north side of the sayd 
chancel, was the burying places and the chantery, in which, upon 
great altar tombs, cut out in white marble, lye the eflfigieses of 
some of the Hiltons, Tillyols, and others, with their ladys by 
them, made with great neatness and exactness. Round whose 

* There is not the least doubt, says Thompson, that the church of Swine 
was, about three hundred years ago, or at the time of the dissolution of mon- 
asteries, more than double the size it is at present. 

' Thompson says, " on the south side of the chancel are still left eight fold- 
ing seats of oak ; " and Poulson, " there are sixteen ancient seats placed in 
front and on each side of the pulpit, with seats to turn up, having grotesque 
carvings under them ; they have backs, with a place for the head." 

The canopy has disappeared. The Eev. C. B. NorclifEe, in 1858, noticed the 
following carvings on the Misereres. 

North Side. 

3, 2, 3, 4, 5. All modern, and the carving renewed. 

6. Woman's face. 

7. A pitcher. 

8. A man's head, wreathed. 

South Side. 

1. A Saracen's head, vsTeathed, blowing a horn. 

2. Two imps, or monkeys, dos a dos, between them a man's face. 

3. A preacher's head and cap, or a judge. 

4. A man's head put between his own legs. 

5. A wivern. 

6. A winged griffin. 

7. A man's face, with a beard. 

8. The face of a devil. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 227 

monuments hath formerly been many coats of armes, but now 
all eaten of with time, but the four following ones. 

1. [MeltonJ. A cross moline."' 

2. [Hilton]. Two bars. 

3. [Sutton]. A lion rampant, oppressed or debruised by a bendlet. 

4. Luce's. Three lucies or pikes haurient. 

These four monuments are yet encompass'd about with great iron 
bars and rails, tho' very much worn and eaten away with time. 

Upon both of the breasts of the said two knights is three 
chaplets apiece, which, if my memory fail me not, are the arms 
of the old family of the Tilleyoles." 

On the north side of the said quire or chantery lys another 
knio-ht, by himself, upon a great altar tomb, most exactly and 
neatly cut out of white marble, all in armer. But who it was is 
unknown, only it appears to have been one of the Tilleyols by 
his crest, which is an eagle's head." 

In the sayd quire, upon a bras plate, on a great stone, is a 
larg writeing in old munkish verse, not now legible, furder than 
that it says that a son of S^- John Melton, Rt- lys there.'; 

All the aforesayd curious monuments are most miserably 
broken and crack'd, for the fury of blind zealous men, and for 
want of repairing are now fitt to fall to the gromid, the great 
stones under them all giving way. 

In the entrance into this chantery is two great hues of write- 
ing, most curiously cut out in wood, the first containing these 
words : — '^ 

™ The arms of Melton are said to be— azure a cross patonce arg. It ia 
possible that, from their imperfect condition, the Diarist may not have sketched 

them correctly. , , , ., ^ ,<rr-ii i . .» 

» The Diarist has first written " Darcy's," and altered it to Tilleyole s. 
The arms of Darcy were, in some instances, three roses, and three cinquefoils. 
Those of Tiliol were a lion rampant oppressed by a bendlet. The arms of three 
chaplets of roses, are those of Hilton, of Swine, and were by them adopted as 
beins derived from their maternal ancestors, Lascelles, of Kirkby-under-Knoll. 
In several instances the Hiltons, of Swine, used as their arms two bars, and 

over all a fleur-de-lis. , „ . -.oni /o 

o This was Sir Robert Hilton, knight, lord of Swme, 1321. (See engraving 
in TJwmpson's Histonj of Swine, p. 92). Arms on surcoat-two bars over all 
a fleur-de-lis, quarterly, with three chaplets. Glower Somaset Ilerald de- 
scribes this crest as a griffin's head. {Visitation of Yorkshire 15Si). And 
Edmondson states that in a ducal coronet to have been the crest of Lascelles. 
p John Melton Esq., son and heir of Sir John Melton, married Margery, 
daughter of William, Lord Fitz-Hugh, of Ravensworth castle, Richmondshire. 
Warburton, the herald, who was here in ir>52, describes this monument aa 
" a fair gravestone, and on it two pictures of brass." He also gives the munk- 
ish verse," which Thompson has printed, p. 93. . . , . . ,. ^ , ,, 
9 Warburton, Lansdown MSS., 894, gives the ongmal inscriptions at fuU 
length.— See Thompson, p. 88. 



228 THE DIARY OF 

Thorn CB domini de Darcy et lieredum suorwm, et jinitwm, est 

Iwc opus trympnre Domini Theo '" Darcy, militis IJHW] et heredis domini 

Thovioe Darcy. 

And the other these, with the following five coats of armes in- 
serted between several words in it. 

Orate pro animabus Thomoe Biwater, Capellani kvjus cantariee [^Beatce 
Maria'] et [oviniimi] alior^vm capellanorum tarn prcBteritorum ^uavi futur- 
orum.^ 

[Arms]. 

1 A cross flory, or patoyice. 

2 A cinque/oil. 

3 A fleur-de-lis. 

4 A hrancli of acorn, of three leawes. 

5 A trefoil. 

There appears to have been a great many more coats of armes 
upon the little shields over the sayd door, but time hath eaten 
them of. 

These are all the coats of armes that are any where visible 
in the stiid Church, either on the outside or inside. 

This day, to wit, February the 11th, I went to preach at 
Cottingham. This town was very famous in former days, not 
onely for its largness, its great castle, call'd Baynard's castle, 
and its great market, but also for its church, which is at present, 
after all the storms of fate, very larg, beautifull, and handsom, 
and escaped any sort of demolishing in the Reformation, save of 
the many chanterys in the inside, which were totaly ruin'd, in 
which were many monuments of the Estotevils, De la Wakes, 
and others, of which not the least fragment is now to be seen. 

In the body of the chvu'ch is nothing now observable but the 
old organ loft, where now the clock stands, and these two follow- 
ing inscriptions, the first of which, which is that which immedi- 
ately follows, is writ upon a little table in capital letters, and 
nail'd a great height upon a pillar, which 1 could not read untill 
I had got a ladder to dim up to it, in these words, which seems 
to have been set up in the time of the civel war, and to relate to 
something then done. 

DEO ADJUTORE 
BERNARDUS AWMOND' ET ROBERTUS 

•■ A mistake, for Geo[rgii]. 
^ Thompson, p. 88. Poulson, ii., 212. 

< St. Mary's, Castlegate, York, 1745, Oct. 20, Mary, wife of Mr, Bernard 
Awmond, buried ; 1G56, April 5, Mr. Bernard Awmond, buried. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 229 

BELTHAM CUM ALUS 

COTTINGHAMENSIS PAROCHI^ PRIVILEGIORUM 

ADVERSUS OPPRESSIONES 

PONDEROSI PESTILENTISSIMIQUE 

CONSERVATORES. 

LAUS TIBI DOMINE ! 

The other is this epitaph, upon a threat bhack marble altar grave- 
stone, on the south side of the church : 

Here lyetli the body of >?'■• William. Wise, late of Beverley, in the county of 
York, who dyed the 2d day of April, 1677." 

The chancel is a larg, capacious, and neat building, tho' now 
carelessly and negligently kept. In the roof of it, in four great 
pains, are the following four coats of armes, old painted, with 
the proper supporters. 

France and England, quarterly. 

Under-written thus : 

Henricus. Rex Anglias. 
The second is thus : 

Or, a lion rampant gules. 
And under- written thus : 

Jacobus, Rex Scotorum illustrissimus, anno 18. 
The third is thvis : 

Or, a lion rampant gules, impaling France and England, quarterly. 
Under-written thus : 

Margareta primo genita Henrici. Regina Scotorum pvaeclarissima. 

And the fourth is the armes of the causer of all these, with a 

miter thereon. 

Quarterly 1 and 4, argent a nagg's head sable, 2 and 3, azure a chevron be- 
tween three fishes erect argent. (Forman). 

Thus under-written : 

Andreas Episcopus Moravien, anno consecrationis. 

" 1654, September 26, Right Worshipful William Wise, Esq., the recorder, 
and Mrs. Frances Hartforth, of York, married. St. Mary's, Beverley. 

It appears by an indenture of 25th Feb., 1655-6, that she was widow of 
Richard Hartforth, and had a house in Jubbergate, York (which Sir W. Wise 
sold for 501., 15th Nov., 1670), and near one hundred acres of land in Barleby, 
from her former husband. 

1663-4, Feb. 19th, Frances, wife of William Wyse, esq., recorder of the 
town of Beverley, buried. St. Mary's, Beverley. 1677, April 12, Sir William 
Wyse, buried at Cottingham. 



230 THE DIARY OF 

With the following little coat of amies on the both sides of 
the greater : 

Argent, a saltire engrailed sable. 

And on the side of a whole balk is this furder inscription con- 
cerning the sayd bishop : 

Andreas Forman, Episcopus Moravien"et commendatorius de Pettenven"" in 
Scotia, et Cottingham, banc trabem cum nova tectura fieri fecit, per Magistrum 
Gilbertum Hauden nostrum procuratorem. Anno salutis humanse mvciv. 

Hard by, in the same roof, in less and more contemptible 
scutchions, is to be seen the following coats of armes, with in- 
scriptions also, which I could not read. 

Gules, on a bend arg. [sic'] three eagles with double beads displayed (qu. 
proper), or. 

FiTZ Hugh. Three chevrons braced in base or, a chief of the last. 
TiLLEYOLE. Arg., three chaplets gules. 

Under all these, on both sides of the chancel, is yet standing, 
and yet to be seen, thirty -two prebendary s' or channons' seats, 
sixteen on the one side and sixteen on the other, with seven other 
such like seats, but smaller, and lower than the rest, on the south 
wall. In the turning up of the seats in most of which canons' 
stalls is discover'd great coats of amies, curiously cut on the 
lower sides. On the right side, or south side, beginning at the 
chancel door, and so proceeding, they follow thus : 

1 . Three bars. 

2. An eagle, double-headed, and displayed. 

3. Six lozenges pierced. 3, 2, 1. 

4. A fess nebulee between six crosses crosslet fitchee. [Lovel], 

5. Tool. A fess between three lions' faces. 

6. Scroop. A bend. 

7. A cross moline. [MONCEAUX]. 

8. BOYNTON. A fess between three crescents. 

9. Peche. a fess between two chevrons. [Lisle ? who married 

De la Pole]. 

10. A fess dancette between six crosses, four in chief, two in base. 

[Engaine]. 

11. A chevron between three covered cups. 

12. A lion rampant, within a bordure charged with fourteen 

cinquefoils. 

In the other side of the chancel, beginning at the aforesayd 
dore, and so proceeding, they follow thus : 

1. On a bend, three pairs of wings. [WiNGFlELD, who married 

Pole, earl of SufEolk]. 

2. A cross fiory. Ld- Lassels, of Sutton. 

3. A fess between six crosses flory. 

" Vulgo Murray. — Marginal note hj Diarist. 
^ Vulgo Pettenween, a great monastery. — Ibid. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 231 

4. A lion rampant, crowned. [Morley, who married de la Pole]. 

5. A chevron between three escallops. 

6. A cross engrailed, in the dexter quarter a rose. [Ufford]. 

7. Cheqny, on a bend six (uncertain what) ? a bend f vetty. 

[Cheney]. 

8. Six escallops, 3, 2, 1. Eastoft's armes. 

Many are spoiled, and so consumed with age, on both sides, 
that I could not possibly make anything of them. 

Upon the fore-fronts of the great seats, that they lay their 
books on, is the miter, and the aforesayd bishop's coat of armes 
in many places. 

In the south window of the sayd chancel is yet to be seen the 
two following coats of armes in great shields : 

1. Arg., three fusils in fess gules. [Montacute]. 
This is under-written thus : 

Hen. Earl of Salsbury. 

2. Quarterly, 1 and 4 gules. In the first quarter of this was 

some sort of a cross [query Nevil.] 2 and 3 chequy, az. and 
or. [Newburgh]. 

In the east window is a great deal of painted glass, contain- 
ing the representations of Moses, David, Solomon, and Christ 
and his apostles, very well done, but somewhat defaced. And, 
amongst other armes in the sayd window, there are onely these 
three most visible and plain. 

1. S. within a bordure arg., three lions passant guardant or. 

This is undoubtedly the armes of Edmund Plantagenet, Earl of 
Kent, who married Margaret, the daughter and heir of Thomas,^ 
Lord Wake ; or else is the armes of his son ; or perhaps of 
Thomas Holland, who was Lord Wake in 1397 ; or of his son, 
who dyed 1400.' 

3 4. Quarterly, first and fourth or a fret azure semee-de-lis. second 

and third, or three bars sable. 
5. Quarterly, first and fourth grand quarterly, first and fourth sable, 

a tower or, second and third arg., a lion rampant sable, 

second and third a fret, semee-de-lis (as above). The 

armes of the family of ToWAKS.y 

' Query, of Elizabeth, sister to king Edward IV., wife of John de la Pole, 
duke of Suffolk. It is a very common thing for Crides to become Sahle through 

y The said coats in the east window follows thus : 1, the three lions ; then 
a fret, with the former three lions, which belonged to a woman and heiress, 
empareld or quartered with it. 3 and 4, fret as marked 3, 4. The 5 as marked 
Towars 6 and 7, two more frets, as 3 and i.—iVarffinal note hy Diarist. 

Bartholomew Towers, of Leeds, was living 26th Nov.. 1690, when his father- 
in-law, Christopher Richardson, alderman of Hull, and apothecarj^ made his 



232 THE DIARY OF 

The next and last thing observable in this church, I mean the 
chancel thereof, is the monument of a monk, in a shaven crown, 
upon a great black gravestone, with his effigies thereon, all en- 
layed at length, in brass, with the following inscription on, in 
brass, round about him : 

Hujus^ erat rector domus Nicholaus humatus, factor et erector nida quEeso 
beatis pono vices Christi gestans dedit prebendas isti Beveriaci sex famelicos 
pallit rixantes pacificavit, nudos armavit fasneratum nam gemmavit sed quia 
labe carens sub caelo nullus habetur. Natum virgo parens aaimse pete propiti- 
etur. Obiit in die mensis Junii, anno Dom. mxcclxxxiii." 

Bordering upon this churcb-yard did Mr. Wardel,* of Hul- 
bank, whose lady is now living, erect and build an aim-house for 
six poor folk, and intended nobly to endow the same, but that he 
dy'd before that it was finished. But tho' that he did not endow 
it, yet the aforesayd number of poor people doe live therein. He 
built also a small school-house near adjoyning,'' and did actualy 

will. Hannah, his wife, died .3rd December, 1678, aged 33, M I at St. 
Peter's, Leeds. Her sister, Sarah Richardson, was wife of Charles Mann, of 
Eltofts, buried 23rd October, 1723, at St. Maurice, York, but had no children. 
Her sister, Dinah Kichardson, married Mark Kirkby, of Hull, merchant (will 
IGth September, 1712), a native of Cottingham, to the parish school of which 
he gave "a close called Paradise, with three stray of meadow in the Inglemire, 
a turf pit, or graft, in the common, and two gates in the Firth," now represented 
by sixteen acres of land. From his two daughters and co-heirs descend Torre 
of Snydall, and Sykes, of Sledmere, baronet. 

' This epitaph, as the scholar will at once see, is in hexameters, and has 
been given by the Diarist in a very incorrect way. Since the time of De la 
Pryme the inscription has been mutilated, and it has fared even worse in an 
attempted restoration, which took place some years ago. Anything more ill- 
advised could scarcely be imagined. This fanciful restoration has rendered it 
impossible to present the inscription to the reader as it once stood. The fol- 
lowing is a conjectural restoration of it. 

Hujus erat rector domus hie Nicholaus humatus 
Factor ec erector, de Luda, quseso beatus. 
Porro vices Christi gestans dedit ecclesiarum 
Pricbendas isti Beverliaci, quoque Sarum. 
Famelicos pavit, rixantes pacificavit, 
Nudos armavit fenoratam rem geminavit, 
Sed quia labe carens sub cselo nuUus habetur 
Natum, Virgo parens, animse pete propitietur. 
Etc. 

On May 16, 1361, Dan Nicholas de Luda (Louth), chaplain, was instituted 
to the rectory of Cottingham on the presentation of Edward the Black Prince. 
On July 23rd, 1355, he was collated to the stall at the altar of St. Catharine, at 
Beverley. 

" This I do not understand, but I writ it down as it is there to be read. — 
Marginal note by Diarist. 

* 1668, May 21st, John Wardell, of Hull Bank, gent., buried, St. John's, 
Beverley. 1676, July 22nd, Mrs. Ann Wardell, widow, gent. 

■^ Of this school-house Mark Kirkby makes mention in his will, as situate 
in Cottingham church-yard. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 233 

endow it with five pounds per anu[um], which is constantly paydj 
Mdiose arms is over the door, and is as follows : 

[Sketch. Gu., three scymetars, or swords, laid fesswise, the 
handles towards the sinister.] 

Yesterday I went upon some business to Hatfield, by Don- 
caster, where my relations lives, and where I set up a noble 
monument, in the church, for my father/ Amongst others, I 
went to see old Mr. Cornelius Lee, a man of the finest and ex- 
actest symetry of parts that is in the whole world. He told me, 
in a great deal of other discourse that I had with him, that he 
had a relation named Mr. Rooth, that was so dull that he could 
learn nothing at school, nor could scarce read English, being 
onely one degree from a natural fool, who fell into a violent 
sickness and feaver when he was about twenty-one years of age, 
and, in the extremity of his sickness, spoke Latin, and dis- 
cours'd readily in that language ; but, as soon as he was cured, 
he returned to his aforesayd simplicity and weakness. This he 
does attest to be a real truth. 

He says also that the occasion of the murder of Henry the 
Fourth, king of France, was his haveing discover'd to James 
the First, king of England, the design and plot of the gun- 
powder treason ; which discovery the Jesuits took so hainously 
that they hired Raviliac to stabb him, who accordingly did. 

This relation, he says, he had from the mouth of a great pope- 
ish lord, in king Charles the First's time, who had it discover'd 
to him by his confessour. That which makes this very probable 
is the words of Raviliac, which he utter'd in relation to king 
Henry, when he was examined, which were, that the king was 
false-hearted to the catholic cause, that he did not look upon him 
as one faithfull to their interests, and such like, as is related in 
many historys. 

Yesterday I went to Sutton, in Holderness, to bury a corps 
for Mr. Oxnard, the minister of that town,* who is not well. 
Sutton is about two miles from Hull, and stands upon a hill of 
about a thousand acres, encompass'd, formerly, with morasses, 
but now, for the most part, with low commons and meadows. 
There was, in antient time, a famous colledge-^ there, for several 

'' This is still in the church. 

< A Mr. Oxnard occurs as minister of Marfleet in 1G87 ; and Simon Oxnard 
as instituted incumbent of Waghen, or Wawne, Gth November, 1691. 

/ The chapel or college of \St. James. In the 31st year of the pontificate 
of Walter Gray, 1247, he released to Saer de Sutton all his right to the advow- 
son of the chapel of Sutton. In 1347 Sir John de Sutton, knight, having first 

Q 



234 THE DIARY OF 

fellows, endow'd with thirty pounds a year, in Harry the Eighths' 
time, tho' it was then given in to him but at thirteen. All the 
old building has been pull'd down, time out of mind, and in the 

place where it stood is built a great house, wherein Mr ^the 

son of , of the south, and parlament man for lives, in 

whose family it has been three or four generations, which is a 
very great wonder. Which gentleman has about 500^. per year, 
with the colledg lands, and tythes of the fields of Sutton, etc. 
The church is built of brick, but for such a little town is pretty 
larg, great, and handsume. In the quire has been seats for the 
collegians, turning up like the prebendary's seats in collegiate 
churches, with the armes of the builders thereon, onely one of 
which is now remaining, which is a cross flure, which I take to 
have been the armes of the Lassels. 

But, in the very midst of the quire, upon a great antient 
tomb,"^ lys a knight, all in his armor, with his shield on his left 
arm, and his amies thereon, which is a lion rampant beyond a 
dexter bendlet ; and on the lowar part of the monument, round 
about, was twelve more coats of armes, some of which are now 
so very much consumed with time that they are not visible. 
Those that I could make out are as follows : 

1. A plain cross. 

2. Lucy. Three pikes haurient. 

3. A saltire. 

4. Five lozenges conjoined crosswise. 

5. [Darcy or Saltmarsh.] Semee de crosses crosslet, and 3 cinquefoils. 

6. A fess nebulee between three fleur-de-lis. 

7. Barry, three chaplets. 

8. A fess dancette between six lozenges, 

9. Lord Ross. Three water bougets. 

obtained the king's license, etc., gave the advowson of St. James, of Sutton, 
which was held of the king in capita, for the sustentation of six chaplains, to 
celebrate every day in the said chapel pro salute aniviarnm. 

s 21st June, 1709, Richard BroadrefPe, esq., of Hull, and Elizabeth, his 
wife, sells the rectory of Sutton, tithes, and site of the college, to Hugh Mason, 
and trustees, Charles Parr, of York, and Francis Langley, of York. 

1740-1, Jan. 12th, Indenture between William Mason, of Hull, clerk, and 
Andrew Perrott, alderman, touching the rectory of Sutton, the site of the col- 
lege of the said rectory, 23 acres of arable glebe, 32 acres of meadow, 23 beast 
gates, O.xlands Close of 30 acres, and Rowbanks, late the estate of Hugh 
Mason, gent., deceased, father of the said William. 

Out of these premises lOZ. was payable to the curate of Sutton, and \l. lis. id. 
fee farm rent to dame Mary Bamardiston. 

'' Poulson (Hlstori/ of Holderness, vol. ii., 338), gives a representation of 
this monument, which, from the arms on the shield, would appear to he that of 
a Sutton — a lion rampant, oppressed by a bend gobony. That writer adds that 
the date of the monument, from the style of the armour, is decided by Sir 
Samuel Meyiick to be that of Sir John de Sutton, who died in the 12th of 
Edward IIL, 1338-9, rather than that of his son, who died in the 30th Edward 
III., 1356-7. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRTME. 235 

Tradition says that this is the monument of one Sir John 
Saar,' lord of this town, and other lordships adjojning, who 
built for himself a great castle in the midst of the carr, about a 
quarter of a mile to the north of this town, where he liv'd, which 
is called Castle hill to this day. 

But I rather take him to have been S^- John Meux. lord of 
this town, Bewick-by-Alburrow, upon the sea side, in Holder- 
ness, and other great possessions, who dy'd about the year 1377, 
and was the last of his name ; some of whose ancestors Ivs 
interr'd at Alkburrow aforesayd, under a such like monument, 
with many of the same coats of armes on it, as I have heard. 
Of this family of the Meux's, see the Mon. Aug., vol. i., p. 704 ; 
etc. 

In the east window of the chancel of Sutton is this coat of 
amies — Gules, a lion rampant or in an orl of billets of the 
second ; which seems not to be over one or two hundred years 
old, tho' perhaps it may be more. 

In a window on the north side of the church is the armes of 
the Percys, viz. — Or a lion rampant azure. And another — 
Argent bendways three lozenges sable. To whome it belono-s I 
cannot tell. This is all that I found observable in the sayd 
church. 

For this last half year, and above, I have been so exceed- 
ing busy in viewing, methodizeing, etc., the old records and an- 
tiquitys of this town, that I hav^e not had time to consider of 
anything that is done elsewhere. 

Yesterday, being August 2, 1700, I writ the following letter, 
word for word, unto the very reverend, and ray very good friend, 
the dean of York. 

Very Revnd. Sir, 

I have not had the happiness to hear of anything very observable in 
antiquity since I had the honour to be your company the last time that I was 
at York, There hath, indeed, since then, been a small canal, or Roman aque- 
duct, or pipe, discover'd about a mile on this side Lincoln, about a foot under- 
ground, and about a foot square in cavity, of Roman brick and tile, and 
plaister'd within, conveying, in former times, water from a certain spring there, 
unto the citty ; but I am sorry that I can give you no better an account of it. 
When I had the honour to be at your chamber, I think, to the best of my me- 
mory, that you was for fixing of Prsetorium at Preston. Yesterday I saw a fine 
copper medal, lately found in the fields of that town, with an empresse's head 
on the one side, circumscribed Agrippina August. ; and on the other a goddess, 
with this inscription — Diana Elucinia, and S. C. ; which, if I could have pur- 
chas'd, I would have sent it to you. 

* Tradition is true. His name was John (perhaps Meux), Lord Lassels 
and Baron Sayer ; when he liv'd I do not find, but I find one of the same 
name and titles that dy'd about the year 1200. — Alarginal note hj Diarist, 



236 THE DIARY OF 

I most earnestly beseech your worship that, whereas I am at very great 
charges in keeping correspondence, and in buying of books, and in carrying on 
my studdy of antiquitys, even to the danger and hazzard of my own ruin, and 
the casting of myself into great debts and melancholy, I most earnestly beseech 
you not to let me fall under the burthen, but, as you have encouraged me, so be 
pleased to begg of his grace (to whome I present my most humble duty), any 
the first poor living that falls, that I may be at rest to prosecute my great (and 
I may realy say to my sorrow), unfortunate studdys. 

I most humbly beseech you to aid me herein, as soon as can be, and heartily 
beggs pardon, for this my great but necessitous boldness. 

I am, very rev"d. sir^ 

Your most humble servt,, 
Hull, Aug. 3rd, 1700. A. P. 



To the aforegoing letter-' that I received from the dean of 
York, I returned the following answer. 

Very Kevnd. Sr., 

I most heartily thank you for the very great honour that you did me in 
this town, and for presenting my duty to my lord archbishop ; and shall always 
reckon myself happy in your favour and commands. I thought it would not 
be very propper for myself to be seen in the matter of the stone coffin, because 
that I had, half a year before, oftentimes ask'd the price of it, and endeavour'd 
to have bought it for you ; therefore I got a countryman, one that I could trust, 
to go and understand the lowest price of it. And when he came there, shoe and her 
friends sayd that it was a valuable rarity, and that the dean of York had been 
to see it, and that it was so usefull they could not part with it under three or 
four pounds, and would take no less for it. A day or two after I went and 
found her in the same tune, so that I left her. The best way to get it would 
perhaps be to send her some such like old trough for it, and to give her a little 
money in exchange. 1 am very much troubled that I should be so much more 
unfortunate than others, in not being able to get any little liveing, that I might 
be the more able to serve you and his grace. My most humble duty to his lord- 
ship, if you please. 

I am, 

Your most ready and most affectionate servant, 

A. P. 

[ ? To Dr. Sloane]. 

Honoured Sir, 

I most heartily thank you for the new Transaction that you have sent 
me, tho' I have not yet received it, and especialy for the honour that you have 
done me in reading my letter before your society, whom I have, and always 
have had, the greatest respect for of any men in the world. You make me in 
love with the studdy of shells ; and tho' I cannot be so vain as to flatter myself 
that I can gather anything new therein, after the ingenious Lister, Llhwyd, 
Hook, or Woodward, yet, however, I shall augment my own collections thereby, 
and obliege my friends. And, as you desire, I will consider Dr. Hook, and 

J The Diarist has probably inserted the letter referred to in his MS, as was 
occasionally his practice, but it is not there now. The Dean appears to have 
been desirous of purchasing the old stone coffin before mentioned at pages 
205 and 208, 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 237 

others, upon this subject, if that the ingenious Woodward do not soon come out, 
as I hope it will, in whome I doubt not but to have full satisfaction in all the ab- 
struse parts of this curious matter. I would not have desired you to print my 
letter ve7'batim, but onely for the sake of them monuments therein, because they 
relate to a gentleman from whome I expect some favour, there being nothing 
to be had in this town. However, I will not hereafter trouble you with any- 
thing but what relates to natural history. I could have added some things to 
my former letter relating to plants and shells, but, being at work night and day 
upon the history and antiquitys of this town, 1 shall, when I see my letter 
again, give you another thereon, and shall send you the letter that I promisa'd 
you out of the East Indies. 

I am 
Your most humble oblieged friend and servant, 

A. P. 

To the honour'd Doctor Slone. 

Honour'd Sir, 

I most heartily thank you for ihe Transaction that you sent me. There 
are several people in this town and country great admirers of them, and that 
constantly buys them. 

I have sent you a small rose of petryfy'd shel-fish, and some things that I 
know not what names to give to them. I would have sent more, if that I thought 
they were worthy of your acceptance and charge, and with them a letter con- 
taining a larg account of the quarrys out of which I got them, and a new 
solution of their phenomenon, and of the Noachian deluge, which, if you 
think worthy to be inserted in your Transactions, I begg that it may have that 
honour, verbatim et totaliter. I put the letter in the post, and both of them 
into the carrier's hands this morning, but I doubt that they will not come to 
you till the end of the next week. I will send you the next month the coppy 
of a very curious letter, out of the East Indies. 

I am 
Your most bumble and oblieged friend and servant, 
Hull, Sept. 18, 1700. A. de la Pkyme. 

To Dr. Johnston. 

Honour'd Sir, 

Tho' that the long silence that has been betwixt us might justly make it 
a doubt to one another of us whether we are yet or no in the land of the liveing, 
yet I hope that these lines will find you as I am. I have been labouring night 
and day since I writ last unto you, upon the history and antiquitys of this 
town, and of the six or seven towns in the county thereof, and have carefully 
seen, perused, and transcribed every record out of the town's hall (where are 
huge quantitys), that was anything observable, and have searched all printed 
chronicks and MSS. that I could possibly hear of relating anything concerning 
the same. After all, I confess myself at a great loss for the book of Meaux, 
which is in Cotton's library, for Hutton's Analecta, and some few records in the 
Towar and other places (tho' perhaps, tho' I know it not, I have most things all- 
ready that is in them), and knowing that your collections are mighty exact, and 
contains in them all that can possibly be found in the south, in any place what- 
soever, on these subjects, I humbly propose unto you, that if you will be pleas'd 
to communicate the few things out of your papers that I want concerning this 
town and county unto me, that I will faithfully and honestly send you every- 
thing that I have relating to any town or towns in Yorkshire, or elsewhere, and 



238 THE DIARY OF 

shall celebrate and acknowledge everywhere in my book your extraordinary 
civility and kindness, as the greatest benefactor, promoter, and encourager of 
the work ; by, and through whome, and which means, I shall be able to have it 
in the press in less than half a year, in folio. 

I not knowing how to write or direct this my letter unto you, I was forced 
to wrap it in another, and send it to Mr. Coggan, bookseller, iii the Inner 
Temple Lane, to present it into you. 

I am, 
Your most humble and affectionate friend and servant 

A. P. 

Having now gather'd and gotten almost all the antiqnitys 
that I can relateing to this town and the country round about, 
I begin to grow somewhat weary thereof, and am at present 
striveing to obtain some liveing or other, where I may live out 
of the noise and hurry of the great business that I am now by 
my ofhce in this great parish involv'd in ; therefore I writ the 
following letter to my good friends the Mayor and Aldermen of 
this town. 

Honoured Gentlemen, 

Haveircg had the happyness by you to be promoted to the sacred office 
and place that I now possess in this church, which, out of respect to my duty 
and to your worships, I have (tho' I say it) hitherto faithfully discharged, tho' 
it hath been both exceeding troublesome and of but very mean profit unto me, 
and having with great labour and pains put the records of the Corporation in 
good order, and in many other respects made it my business to serve you and 
honour your town in every thing that I could, so by your good connivance and 
leave I have almost finish'd and prepared for the press the whole history, 
antiquitys, and description thereof in long folio, containing a successive 
historical account of its original building, increas, and fortune in warrs, battels, 
sieges, revolutions of state and government, &c., from its first building unto tliis 
time, which, when published, will be exceedingly to the honour and glory of 
the town, and the future peace, good aud welfare thereof.* And tho' I have been 

* I had hoped to have been able to have given here some better account 
than I can of the De la Pryme MSS. relative to Kingston-upon-HuU, etc. 
Through the friendly and obliging assistance of Mr. Alderman Atkinson, of 
that place, the town council, at a meeting held on the 5th of August, 18G9, 
very courteously passed a resolution in my favour, on the motion of the mayor, 
(J. Bryson, esq.), seconded by Mr. Richardson,that the town clerk be authorized 
to allow me such an inspection as he might think proper of our Diarist's 
collections of historical and other local incidents, which he had intended to 
publish, in order that I might for myself see if there was anything contained 
in them which might be introduced into the notes, or the appendix, to the 
Diary now published. The privilege thus intended to be allowed to me, was 
not, however, facilitated in the manner which, under the foregoing circum- 
stances, I expected, and. consequently, it was rendered practically inoperative. 
It is due, however, to the town-clerk, to observe that he informed me of my in- 
correctness in assuming that the corporation was in possession of any original 
collection of historical MSS. relative to Hull, by De la Pryme, for that the 
document in his possession was only a fair copy of the compilation for the 
intended hir.tory of Hull. To the civility of Mr. Leng, the bookseller, of Hull, 
I am, however, indebted for a sight of what is, no doubt, another copy of tlie 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 239 

at great charges in employing my friends at York, London, Oxford. Cambridge, 
and other places, in searching records there relating to the same, and in running 
through almost an infinite f ateague, night and day, of continual writeing, reading, 
searching, compareing, reviewing, and composing of books, records, papers, and 
deeds, concerning the same, and inserting them into tlie same : yet I desire 
nothing at your haiids for all these services nor for to enable me to finnish and 
print them, but onely that as you have interest with your parliament men, and 
with the Duke of Newcastle, and other nobles, so that you would be pleased to 
send up letters by Alderman Carlil to them in my commendation, and to begg 
of them to procure for me either from the King, or the Lord Chancellor, the 
very first moderate living that falls in his Majesty's gift, which is a thing that 
they will readily grant. And at the same time, I will second the same in my 
letters to the Bishop of York, and to the Duke himself, to whome I shall present 
some books that I have lately been concern'd in. I humbly conceive that this re- 
questis not unreasonable, else I would not have moved it unto your worships. Mr. 
Prat,' of Boswell, by York, upon his peruseing and puting in order the records 
of that famous and old citty, about eighteen years ago, desired the same favour 
at their hands, and got the sayd living that he now possesseth. And I earnestly 
beseech your worships not to deny me herein, that I may be speedily the better 
to serve you, and to finnish those hooks and papers, to your honour and glory, 
that I have under my hands, and thereupon shall ever remain, 

Your worships' most obliged humble servant 
April the 5th, 1701. A. P. 

"Which letter their worships took very kindly, and thereupon 
writt up to London in the following words. 

\_Their letter is not given.~\ 

same MS. It is intituled Tlie Illstory, Ajitiquities, and Bescriptwn of the 
To7V)i and County of King ston-upon- Hull, or the Annah of the said Town, con- 
taining a Successive and Historical account of its originall Building, increase, 
and fortune, and all the most ohscrrable things thai have happened tlierein or 
related thereto, from, its first brulding tmto this time : Collected out of all the 
Records, Charters, Deeds, and Evidences of the said Town. By Abraham de la 
Prime, Reader and Curate of the High Church of the Holy Trinity of the said 
Town.'" 

Mr. Frost (in his Hist. Hull, 1827, p. 3), alludes to the foregoing compilation 
as being "the first attempt to give a detailed history of Hull," and says it 
formed the basis and ground-work of all subsequent accounts and histories of 
the town. Afterwards, however, he states that it had been suggested to him 
that archbishop Bramhall probably occupied himself on the history of Hull 
prior to the time when De la Pryme wrote, viz., circa, 1C43. Gent, Hadley, 
Tickell, Symons, and others, have all drawn largely upon De la Pryme's industry. 
Mr. Frost also observes that Wm. Chambers, esq., M.D,, a gentleman of con- 
siderable talents and eminence in his profession, compiled, with great, apparent 
fidelity, from the records of the corporation, a collection of annals of the town 
of Hull, from the earliest times to the year 176G, about which period it appears 
to have been written, and that the MS. had been entrusted to him since his 
(Mr. Frost's) own Notices were printed, by Henry R. Bagshawe, esq., of Lincoln's 
Inn, barrister-at-law. 

A longer notice of De la Pryme's collections for the history of Hull will be 
found in the Appendix. 

' Thoresby mentions having at York, August 1st, 1695, "found Parson 
Pratt, an antiquary, and had much of his company." — Diary, i., p. 307. 

He had a small collection of antiquities. 

See him mentioned antea, p. 177. Boswell is Bossall. 



240 THE DIARY OF 

At the same time I writ the following letter to the Duke of 
Newcastle. 

May it please your Grace, 

I having been some few 3-ears an inhabitant of the famous town of King- 
ston-upon-Hall (that is blessed in your Excellencies' government of it) and the 
honourable Royal Society having printed several of my communications unto 
them, I have here, as I take myself in duty bound, made bold, with all 
humility, to lay some of them as a present at your grace's feet, knowing your 
grace's happy genius and great ingenuity in such things. I have also written. 
and almost finnished the history, antiquitys, and description of the famous town 
of Kingston-upon-HuII, in larg folio, from its first building unto this day, and 
humbly beggs that I may have the honour and happiness (when I am in a 
capacity to get it printed) to dedicate it unto your honourable name and memory, 
that you not only be famous, as you are, to this age for all noble and princely 
yertues, but may be so, also, to all future ages and prosterity for ever ; which is 
the humble request and endeavour of your grace's 

Most humble, most obedient, 

and most devoted servant, 

[A. P.] 

At the same time also I writ the following letter to the Bishop 
of York. 

May it please your Grace, 

I have made bold upon the coming of this worthy gentleman to London, 
to prevail upon him, if that he have the happiness to see you, to present my 
most humble duty unto you, with some Transactions of the Royal Society, in 
which they have been pleased to print several letters of mine, and which whole 
society have honour'd me with their public thanks for my communications unto 
them, to whome I shall continnue every month to send some very observable or 
curious things or other. I have also written and almost finnish'd the whole 
history, antiquitys, and description of this town, in larg folio, which I shall 
print as soon as ever I am able. I have acquainted his highness the duke of 
Newcastle, our governour, with the above mention'd particulars, and also writ of 
the same to the°parliament men of this town, Sr. William St. Quintin and Mr. 
Masters. In short, having lived here almost three years in a state of great 
fateague and little profit, but, (tho' I say it,) with an universal love and good 
conscience, I humbly begg of your grace and his highness that you would be 
pleased speedily to procure for me from his majesty (which I humbly concieve 
you may very easily do,) the infallible gift of the very first moderate liveingthat 
falls in the king's presentation, and it will not only put me into a capacity of 
doing more good, (which I glory in,) and of carrying on of my most laborious 
studdys of antiquitys, but also of rendering myself more fully, in every thing to 
the utmost of my power. 

Your grace's most duiif uU son and servant, 

A. P. 

To the honble. Sir. Wm. St. Quintin, and William Masters esq,, humbly 
present. 

Honourable gentlemen, 

I reckon it not one of the least of the favours of my life that I have the 
happiness to be known unto you, to have lived now almost three years in your 
town, and to have, by your good connivance and leave, perused all the old 



ABRAFIAM DE LA PRYME. 241 

record? of this famous corporation, piitMicin into order and dra'.vn out tlierefrom 
the whole history, antiquitys, ancl description thereof, in larg folio, to the 
great honour of the town, and tlie future peace, glory, and welfare thereof. 
And, that I may be in a capacity to finnish and print it, I have writ to the 
bishop of York to procure for me the first moderate liveing tliat falls in the 
king's gift, which I humbly concieve may be easily obtained. I have also writ 
to the duke of Newcastle concerning the same ; thecoppys of my letters to them 
I here send you, and do earnestly beseech you to furder the same that I may be 

in a capacity the better to serve you and this famous corporation 

[here, a blank occurs.'] therefrom and from multitudes of others at Y<irk, London, 
Oxford, Cambridge, and elsewliere, the whole history, antiquitys, and description 
of this famous town, to the great honour, glory, and future peace and welfare 
thereof, which, as soon as I am able, I will print in larg folio, for all which 
I most humbly begg but this favour at your hands, that, knowing you have in- 
terest with the duke of Newcastle, that therefore you' would be pleased to procure 
him to beg of the king, or the lord chancellor, the very first living that is of 
any moderate vallue, that falls in his majesty's gift, for me (which, as I concieve, 
will easily be granted,) that I maybe the better enabled to carry on my studdys, 
to the honour of this town, and the more perfectly to finnish and publish the 
history thereof. I have written to the b[ishop] of Y[ork] to be pleased to move 
also in this cause for me, and in mv letter tothed[uke] of N[ewcastlc,] (coppys 
of all which I have here sent you,) I have somewhat tho' obscurely hinted at 
the same. I most humbly beseech you, by all that is dear unto you, to obtain 
the above sayd favour as speedily as you can. 

For your most humble &c. 

Kingston-upon- Hull, 

Wee, whose names are subscribed, do very well know Mr. Abraham 
Pryme, clerk, and have such an esteem of him for his learning and vertue, 
and prudent behaviour and loyalty to the present government, that we 
do not doubt, whercever he shall be placed, he will do God and his church 
good service, and give great satisfaction to all good men, as he has done whilest 
curate here. Witness our hands the 2-tth of April, 1701. 
Robert Banks, Vicar of St. Trinity & I Daniel Hoar, Mayor 



Philip Wilkinson, 

Simon Sisson, 1 

Roheet Trippet, I Aldermen. 

William Hydes, 

Richard Gray, j 



Prebendary of York 
Richard Kitson, B.D. and Lecturer of 

the sayd town. 
Nathaniel Lamb. Minister of 
St. Mary's. 

John Chappellow, 
Benjamin Wade, 
Richard Beajviont, 

ETC. 

[After inserting two printed papers, one, " A word to the wise," 
dated 29 Jan., 1701, and the other " Considerations on the present 
posture of affairs," dated Feb. 1, 1701, the diarist proceeds.] 

The aforegoing papers gives a sufficient idea of the state of 
Europe upon the meeting of the parliament, and the king layd 
most passionately before them the security of the protestant reli- 
gion, the settlement of the crown, and the safety of the nation 
upon the French king succeeding to the crown of Spain. Never 
was there more need of a good parliament than now, and scarce 
ever had we a worse. Instead of falling to business they begun to 



242 THE DIARY OF 

quarrel witB one another about the silly business of elections. Sir 
Edward Seymor, a man that has been famous in the house of 
commons many years, one of the old East Indy company, and ex- 
ceeding gilty of bribery himself, crvs out first against the new East 
Indy company, how they had bribed in the elections of this session ; 
thereupon impeaches Slieppard and his sons, with many others of 
the same, and blew the house of commons into such a heat 
that they sent them to the Towar. But, being heated, they then 
condemn'd the treaty of partition as mere nonsence and stufl', 
basely reflected uj)on the king for the same, and Jack How,"' in 
particular, sayd that his majesty had made a fellonious treaty to 
rob the king of Spain of it's dues and rights. And furderhadthe 
impudence to say that the king of Spain had not made the sayd. 
will, if that the king had not made that base and scandalous treaty. 
Thei'eupon they impeach'd the earl of Portland that sign'd it, tho', 
to behold their great impartiality, they sayd nothing to the earl of 
Jersey, secritary Vernon, or others that were equaly concerned 
in it. Then they impeached Hussel, earl of Orford, the lord 
Sommers, and Montague, earl of Halifax, for many frivolous and 
vexatious things not worth mentioning, which clearly shew'd 
their spight, malice, and vilany. And for two months together 
they did nothing but scold, quarrel, and contend one with another, 
about the aforesay'd things, neglecting all manner of the necessary 
business of the nation. The Dutch writ memorials and letters to 
the king and them of what great danger not onely they but 
this nation and the protestant religion was in, yet, for all they 
heeded none of them, but went on in their villanys, till the whole 
nation was enraged against them. As for the king's friends that 
were in the house, they could not [stay] the current of the inund- 
ation, do what they could, so that they were forced to be quiet. 
At last the Kentish men petitioned them to consider the good of 

"' John Grubham Howe, esq., M.P. for the county of Gloucester, obtained 
the manor of Langar, county of Notts (where he fixed his abode), by marrying 
Annabella, illegitimate daughter, but coheir, of Emanuel Scrope, lord Scrope 
of Bolton, and earl of Sunderland. (The said earl having no issue by his wife, 
lady Elizabeth Manners, settled his estates upon his natural children, by Martha 
Jones, and the only son of this connection dying unmarried, in 1646, the three 
daughters of the same became coheirs). In 1663, Charles II., granting to Mrs. 
Howe the precedency of an earl's legitimate daughter, she became, thencefor- 
ward, .lady Annabella Howe. Of this marriage there were four sons and five 
daughters ; the eldest son, sir Scrope Howe, born November, 1648, was elevated 
to the peerage of Ireland, 16th May, 1701, as baron Clenawly, county Ferma- 
nagh, and viscount Howe. The second son, to whom reference is made by the 
Diarist in the text, was the right hon. John Grubham Howe, M.P. for Gloucester- 
shire. He made a distinguished figure in parliament in the reigns of king 
William and queen Anne, and was remarkable for his strenuous opposition to a 
standing army. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRY ME. 243 

the nation &c., which tliey took so hainonsly that rliey committed 
[them] to the gaithouse, calhng them factious, seditious, mutinous 
and rebellious fellows. But, hearing- tliat the cittv of London 
and many other countys were also about potitiuniiin- to the same 
purpose, they not [only] grew a little calmer, but also the king's 
party took heart. Whereupon the lord Hartington told Seymour 
that he was as guilty as anybody in briberys, and that he had 
sent Sheppai'd to the Tower for nothing but to save himself from 
going thither. Upon that the house took it very ill, and cry'd 
out " to the barr, to the barr," but he, clapping his hand on his 

sword swore G d them all, he'd be the death of the first 

man that ofiPer'd to bring him to the barr, which made them all 
mute. Soon after this, that impudent fellow Jack How (who is 
bi'other to Sr. Scroop How who usualy, when he sees him becrin 

to stirr, crys out " now, what is that impudent son of a w 

going to say, if he begin there's nobody must put a word in but 
himself," &c.,) got a copy of verses upon the parliament which 
was cleav'd upon the door. He call'd this a libell, and brought 

it, in a great passion, into the house, and made 

[imperfect — inserted — " the Kentish petitio?^," at the quarter ses- 
\_sions held at Maidstone 29 Aj?ril, 13 PFm. ///.] The worthy 
gentlemen of Kent, who, as they had always in former times 
the honour to lead the van of our armies for the good of the 
nation, so now, in this seditious and mutinous parliament, con- 
siderinor the Strang; doino^s therein, and the danoer of the nation, 
how that it would be ruin'd if they went on in their unwarantable 
proseedings, assumed their antient honour, composed the afore- 
say'd petition, signed it, as aforesayd, and sent the same to their 
representatives in parliament by five of their countrymen, 
gentlemen of great estates, whose names were William Cole- 
peper, esq., Thomas Colepeper, esq., David Polhill, esq., Wil- 
liam Hamilton, esq., Justinian Champneys, esq., which, being 
by them deliver'd to one of their representatives, he presented it to 
the house, who were exceedingly enraged thereat, and, calling the 
five gentlemen in, ask'd them if that were their hands, to which 
they all unanimously answer'd in the affirmative ; whereupon 
they were severely abused, and reprimanded, and committed to 
the custody of a sergeant-at-armes, and soone after to the gait 
house, without any warant or commitment in writing, as the law 
requires, and there they remain'd until the prorogation of the 
parliament. But, in the meantime, several of the house of com- 
mons, dealt privatly with 'em to have them begg pardon, or sub- 
mit themselves to the house, but they totaly refused, answering 



244 THE DIARY OF 

that they would make them p^uilty of some crime against the 
laws of the land, which they wore sure they were not p:uilty of 
in what they had done. And their healths were daily drunk 
with that of the fouer lords, under the name Cater and Cinque, 
by the whole nation, and even in taverns and coffee-houses, in 
the very presence of the members of parliament, while it was 
sitting. But, after the parliament was risen, then they were all 
acquitted and set at liberty, but would not pay a farding to the 
Serjeants. Then their healths were drunk openly by every one, 
and [they] was hugg'd and carres'd from one end of the citty to 
the other ; were treated one day by five hundred gentlemen of 
the citty at a treat which cost so many guinneys, at which treat 
was present nine earls. Then they were treated by the company 
of Fishmonofers, or Ironmoncrers, I have forgot whether, and 
made free, and, haveing stay'd in the citty about a fortnight or 
three weeks, went out of the citty in the night, to avoyd tumult, 
and, proceeding forward to their own country, were met by four 
hundred coaches, and a great number of gentlemen on horseback. 
Since which some of them have seu'd the serjeant-at-armes, upon 
a clause of the habeas corpus act, for not producing the warrant 
of their commitments, when demanded, and they will certainly 
cast the Serjeants therein. 

At the same time that this petition was makeing in Kent, 
there were the like on foot all over the nation. There was one 
from Staffordshire in town, ready to be presented, signed with 
twenty thousand hands. The citty of London also made one, 
and when it was sign'd, and came to be voted in the common 
councell whether it should be presented or no, it was carry'd in 
the negative by the single vote of sir — Bedingfield, one of the 
councel, and also parliament man for Heddon, to the great grief 
of the royalists and true patriots. 

[Not addressed]. 

Eev. Sir, 

Amongst the multitude of the papers, records, and deeds, that I have 
been forced to turn over towards my history and antiquities of this town of 
Kingston-upon-Hull, I have discover'd, under original hands and seals, some of 
the original indentures and deeds, yet in full vertue and force, of the foun- 
dation of a considerable hospital, and the larg endowment of the same in your 
town, about the year 1622, by one Mr. Edward Latimer, of which yourself, the 
churchwardens, and others, are perpetual trustees. And tho" all this is nothing 
to me, yet, being curious of such things, and not being able to know otherwise, 
I begg of you that you would be pleased to honour me so much as to let me 
understand whether the sayd hospital has escaped the rapacious hands of sacri- 
legious times, and whether it yet flourishes, or no ; and if the records which I 
mention may be anything serviceable unto you, they shall be sent by your 
Most humble, tho' unknown servant and brother, 

A. P. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PKYME. 245 

May it please your Grace. 

As the multitude of favours that you have been pleased to honour me with 
shall never be forgotten, so the last of your's, in condescending to write on my 
behalf to his grace the duke of Devon[shire], shall always possess my soul with the 
greatest thankfulness that can be, for, by the blessing of God, and your kind- 
ness, it was that the duke readily granted my request. The liveing of Thorn" 
is a donative, and so dos require either institution or induction, and, my presence 
being necessary amongst them, I am forced to be in a great hurry, otherwise I 
would have immediatly wated upon your grace, to render your grace my most 
humble thanks by word of mouth, and to begg your blessing upon all my minis- 
terial indeavours. 

I am your grace's most obliged, most affectionate. 

And most obedient son and servant, 

A BR. Prtm. 

[The original paper, of which the following is a copy, has 
been inserted in the Diary]. 

Oct. 16, 1701. 

I, Abraham de la Pryme," clerk, now to be admitted to serve the cure of the 
church of Thorn, in the diocese of York, do declare that I will conform to the 
Liturgy of the Church of England as it is now by law established. 

Abraham Pryme. 

These are to certify that this Declaration was subscribed before 
us by the s^. Abraham de la Prime, when he was admitted to serve 
ye cure above mentioned. Given at or. manr. of Bishopthorpe, 
under or- hand and seal manuall, the day and year above 
written.^ 



Seal of 

Archbishop 

Sharp. 



Jo. Ebor. 

Which sayd Abraham de la Pryme did, within ye time limited by ye Act in that 
case made and provided, on a Lord's day, during Divine Service, to wit, on 
ye 13th of November, 1701, publickly read ye aforegoing certificate and declar- 
ation in ye church where he dos officiate, before ye congregation there assembled. 
In witness whereof, wee, his auditors, have hereunto set our hands, ye day and 
year above written. 

John Smyth. Jno. Wilburn. 

Dear Friend, 

I have your two letters before me concerning the prince of Wales, and 
must needs thank you for the surprizeing newse in the latter of them — that the 
French king should have the impudence, contrary to the treaty of Reswick, and 
other secret allyances, to trump him up at this time of day, and imperiously 
proclarae him the soveraign of these dominions. I am very sorry that your sen- 
timents of that prince is not the same as mine, for I think that I have more 
reason to believe him suppositious than ever can be brought to prove him real ; 
and because that you so earnestly demand of me what I have to say thereupon, I 

■• In the parish register of that place is the following entry, in the Diarist'a 
own writing. — -'1701, 1 Sept., Abr. de la Pryme obtin. Donationem Hujua 
Eccles. de Thorn." 

» Prime has been turned into Pryme here. 

P " Oct. 16, 1701. — Abrahamus de la Pryme, Art. Bac, admissus fuit ad 
inserviendum curas animarum in ecclesia de Thorn." — York Registry. 



246 TLIE DIARY OF 

will here freely give you my opinion ofhim, but must conjure you, as you love your 
friend, not to shew anybody these lines but your two good brothers, whorae I 
very much respect, for their prudence and faithfuU services unto me. I desire 
you to do me this kindness, not out of any fear of any man, but out of ease 
and quiet to myself, who dos not love to have my name publick in such state 
matters. It is well known that suppositious princes is no new thing. Many 
historys mentions such being trump't upon the world, and even ours, of this 
nation, hath two or three well-known relations thereof. And did not a former 
queen, Mary (who is as infamous in history as the latter will be), offer to put a 
like trick upon the nation ; pretended to be with child, and of a son too, made 

prayers be made and'thank.s given for the same all England over, 

that the nation might not want a prince, and the catholick cause a supporter? 
And this had been effected and brought about, but that God was pleased to 
strike her husband's (king Philip's), heart with so much amaze and astonish- 
ment thereat, that he refused to let such an impudent cheat be put upon the 
kingdom, which was honestly and nobly done by him. The whole story of 
which you may read more at larg in Fox's Martyrology, and other credible his- 
torians. Why should you think it Strang, then, that another queen, of the same 
name, should offer such a thing again ? Was there not the same need ? Was 
there not the same occasion ? Was not the mighty Babel of popery to be estab- 
lish'd now as well as formerly ? And this the only way left to bring their 
mighty designs about? And is not the circumstances of the breeding of the 
former pretended prince as like those of the latter as anything can be ? And 
perhaps, if king James had been as honest as king Philip, we had been no more 
troubled with the latter than with the former The duke suc- 
ceeding to the crown, after his brother's decease, and being resolved to establish 
popery, knew that all his indeavours towards the same would signify nothing 
unless that he had a son to support it after he was gone. Thereupon, as soon 
as ever he was well setled in the kingdorae, the monks and freers, and the rest 
of the bald-pated tribe, begun to fling out many prophesys, revelations, and 
visions of a prince that should be born to the king in his old age. Upon the 
pillars of the kingdom should for ever remain how that miracles were not 
ceas'd, and that God would now, as well as he had done of old, quicken dead 
flesh, and grant a child to their majestys about the time that the sun should 
enter into the tropic of Cancer. Upon this, wagers ensued amongst the popeish 
priests of ten, nay, ten guinneys to one, that it should be a son. Masses were 
publickly commanded and sayd for the young bantling, and prayers commanded 
in all churches, to thank God for the same. The pope sent over consecrated 
clouts for the brat, part of the Virgin Mary's smock to wrap it in, and part of 
her milk to suckle it with ; and the lady of Loretto, like the oracle of Delphos, 

prophesy'd that for certain it should be a son 

The Prince of Orange, in one of his declarations, soon after his landing, 
promised to make out the birth of the prince spurious, and it came to all, he 
either could not do it, or, however, did not do it, which is much the same, 
for, as it is in law, Quod nonpatet Jion est. But pray, seing that none of the 
lords or commons doubted of it, or required it at his hands, which, if they had, 
he was ready to do, what need was there of auch a thing ? Besides, upon his 
pretended father's abdication of the crown, and the settling of the succession 
upon another head, and the raakeing all papists incapable of ever succeeding, 
there was no manner of need to go about so useless and ridiculous a subject ; 
and since that they have lately, the last year, excluded the house of Savoy, the 
duchess dowager of Orleans and her children, Edward prince palatine of the 
Rhine and his numerous offspring, whose births were never question'd, and 
that for nothing but their being papists, and consequently sworn cnemys both 
to the church and state of this land, why should any one pretend to insist more 
upon the prince of Wales than them ? As to the depositions you tell me of, I 
saw them twelve years ago ; they signify little or nothing, being coram nan 
judice, and so not valid in law. But, suppose they were, they are not direct to 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME, 247 

the busines3 and point in hand. But, suppose furder, if they were that thej 
are not to be trusted, they proseeding most of them from known papists, 
■whome their priests had beforehand prepared for the business, and the other 
few. that came from protest ants, were known to come from such who were 
meer court weathercocks, and vallueJ oaths uo more than their honestys.? 

To the Honoured Dr. Sloan. 

Thorn, Febr. 2d, 1701-2 
Honrd. Sir. 

According to my promiss, I have sent you by the last carrier a box with 
a score or two of those sort of cones in it that are so frequently digged up in 
these Levels, concerning which 1 gave you my furder thoughts in my last. 

In the same box I have sent you also the following things : a bottle of 
Nostock, or that hitherto unknown substance that is called Star Slough, or Star 
Shot Gelly, and Nostock, by Paracelsus, from Nore, nasus, and the Teutonic 
stecken, piuigere, quia fcetldo odorc nares ferit. Robertus de Fluctibus says 
that it is, what is commonly called, a substance that falls from the Starrs, and 
thereupon adds that, as he was one evening walking in the field, he had the 
happiness to see a starr shoot or fall not far from him, and that, after some 
seeking, he found a great lump of the usual gelly, which had many black spots 
in it ; and, looking by chance yesterday in the learned Chauvin, I was sorry to 
find him give the same origin thereof. Indeed I could wish, with all my heart, 
that it was the product of a star, or the Jlos CcbU, as some call it, for then I might, 
I think, with some reason, expect it to be impregnated with some of those won- 
derfuU vertues that Paracelsus and others have ascribed unto it. The ingenious 
Borellus tells us how mightily the chemists prize it, pretending that they can 
draw an insipid menstruum therefrom that shall raddicaly dissolve gold ; and 
I remember that, when I learned that noble science with Seignior Vigani,? he 
preachd us a whole lecture of the virtues of this wonderfull substance, but was 
so ingenuous as to confess that he never made tryal of the same. My lord 
Verulam was a most acute man. and one of the most ingenious that this nation 
ever bred ; yet, in Mr. Bushel's extract of the Abridgment of his Philosophy, 
there is such an odd account of a certain Strang stone that his lordship made 
out of this and other substances, that I cannot but set it down, which he pre- 
sented unto prince Henry, son of k[ing] J[ames] the 1st, in the following 
words. 

" Most Royal Sr., 

Since you are by birth the prince of your country, and your vertues the 
happy pledge to our posterity, and that the seignory of greatness is ever 
attended more with flatterers than faithfuU friends and loyal subjects, and 
therefore needeth more helps to discern and pry into the hearts of the people 
than private persons, give me leave, noble Sr- (as small rivulets run to the vast 
ocean to pay their tribute), so let me have the honour to shew your highness 
the operative quality of these two triangular stones (as the first fruits of my 
philosophy), to immitate the pathetic motion of the loadstone and iron, altho' 
made up by the compound of meteors (as star-shot gelly, and other such like 
magical ingredients, with the reflected beams of the sun), on the purpose that 
the warmth distilled into them, through the moist heat of the hand, might dis- 
cover the affection of the heart by a visible sign of their attraction and appetite 

p There is a publication styled — A Chain of Facts in the Reign of King 
James II., being an exact Narrative of every transaction preparatory to, and at 
that laboured event, the birth of a pretended Prince of Wales in the year 1688, 
2:vo., wrapper, 70 pages, 1717. 
9 See antea, p. 25, 



248 THE DIARY OF 

to each otiier, within ten minnits after they are layd upon a marble table or the 
theater of a looking glass." 

Which pretious stones the said Mr. Bushel says that he was never quiet in 
mind until! that he had procured them, after the prince's decease, of Mr. Archy 
Prymrose, his page, but adds nothing furder about them. However, I hope I 
may have the boldness to say that, if there ever were any such such real jewels, 
that they had something of more extraordinary vertue in them than any that 
could proseed from this gelly, or else were but of little worth. 

I think that I have formerly read in a book of the learned Dr. Merril's, a 
once famous member of your honourable society, what this wonderfuU substance 
is. in the following words : — " Stella cadens est substantia quajdam alba et 
glatinosa plurimis in locis conspicua quara nostrates Star Fain nuncupant, cre- 
duntque multi originera suam debere stellze cadenti hujusque materiam esse ; 
Bed Kegiae Societati palam ostendi solum modo oriri ex intestinis ranarum a 
corvis in unum locum congestis, quod alii etiam ejusdem Societatis viri prass- 
tantissimi postea confirmarunt." 

The substance he means is undoubtedly that which is all over England 
called star-shot gelly, but to his and others their origin thereof I cannot yield, 
unless that for the same thing there may be different causes, and that the froggs 
spawns in the warm south in October or November, which they do not do here 
in the cold north untill March and April following. And as for their spawn I 
am sure our country crows will not touch it. 

Sir, this Strang substance is never found in this country but in the very begin- 
ning and end of winter, when the days are very warm and the nights pretty sharp, 
when there is no such thing as frogg spawn to be seen or heard of ; and I have 
always observed that it is most common upon bank and dike sides against the 
sun, especialy where it has shone pretty hot the day before ; and, at last, after 
having gaiher'd many hundred lumps of it, to try experiments upon with alcalis 
and acids, I found oftentimes small parts, as if they were of worms, amongst 
them, very pellucid or transparent, and united to the verry gelly itself. This 
made me search more narrowly into the origin thereof, and' then I discover'd 
that, in the beginning of winter, when there was a fine hot sunshine day, that 
many of the great sorts of earth-worms would creep out of their holes to warm 
and comfort themselves, but, being benum'd by the suddain setting of the sun, 
and the approach of cold, and not able to get into their holes again, they are, 
by the sharp frost of the following night, frosen to death, and their bodys all 
bursts, swells, expands, and becomes a perfect gelly, which soon turns into 
water, and disappears. I have, in gathering of the sayd gelly, oftentimes found 
some worms half got into their holes, half out, the uppermost part of them all 
gellify'd and expanded ; then, opening the grass with my knife, I have found 
another part, that was a little within the ground, white, as if it was boil'd, and 
a third part, a little deeper, natural, and all strongly adhering one to another. 
Some that have been all gellify'd I have oftentimes (when they are taken fresh 
the next morning), opened out to the length of four or five inches. Others, -when 
the frost was not strong enough perfectly to gellify them, have been whiteish, as 
if boil'd, not very transparent, and exactly half gelly half worm, one part pretty 
thoroughly dissolved and another part not. I have also oftentimes found others 
lying at the very roots of the grass, and there being frozen and gellify'd, it has 
all bursten upwards, because that there was not room enough beneath for it to 
expand in. Some of these greater lumps of gelly that are now and then to be 
found, may perhaps have been frcggs, that either have been surprized as before, 
or else as they lay at the roots of the grass, or in bank sides, where they com- 
monly hide themselves all winter; fcr the learned Helmont says, that froggs 
digged up out of the earth in winter, and expos'd to the frost, will turn into 
lumps of transparent gelly. But I must needs confess that I never found any 
the least member of that creature in the many hnndredg of lumps that I have 
gather'd with my own hands. 

Haveing put the sayd gelly into bottles, and letten it stand a week or two, it 



ABRAHAM DK LA PRYME. 240 

all turns into a water of a soure tast, and a faint, nasty smell, well answering 
the derivation of the aforegoing word that Paracelsus gave it; but. being let 
stand a year or more, it becomes purely insipid and inoffensive, as this is that 
I have sent you in the bottle. ^ . • t„- ■■ n 

I have here, withall, furder sent vou a specimen of Apanne I linn, well 
pictur'd and described by Johnston upon Gerrard, but not found by the indus- 
trious Mr Ray or any of our learned botanists, that I have heard of, growing 
in Eno-land I '^ot it plentifully in a garth of Richard Rogison's, of Brough- 
ton in Lincolnshire, amongst the corn. In another paper I have sent a sort of 
sissil stone easily divisible into thin plates, frequently found in the plaster of 
Paris pitts'that are here in our neighbourhood, which, whether it be the old 
fossil vitrum of the ancients, or Muscovian glass, or what it's name is, I should 
be very glad to know. , ^ , , , . 

There are so many sorts of fungi and tubera that I do not know how to name 
them some of which, not hitherto taken notice of by any author, are very 
observable of which I will instance, at present, in no more tlian fragments of 
two that I'have sent you. The first of which, a four-square piece of exceeding 
lightness and a curious fine texture, belonged to a fungus or tuber which may 
be called' the bic^o-est of all others. It grows from a small thready root to the . 
roundness and "bitreness of a great bomb. This to which the specimen did 
belonc^ I plucked'^up with my own hands, and, with a sharp [knife], and a 
plank°to compress it, I cut it into a square of about a foot every way which 
was of a most lovely russit colour. WTiich great rarity being accidentally 
pull'd in pieces, I have sent you part thereof, which has lost much of its colour 
that it had some years ago. 

The other round substance is the bottom part of a great cup mushroom, or 
fuz which when fresh and in full perfection, with the sides riseing up round 
about from the bottom, like a cupp, will hold a quart of water, after a shower, 
many of which I have formerly got upon the woulds, in Lincolnshire, m the 

^ Laitly to help to fill up, I have put into the box a piece of the black oak 
that is di^t^ed up in this country, observable for its colour and hardness. All 
which things I hope will come safe to your hands, and I wish may be acceptible 

to you. T , 

•' I am your, ic. 

To Dr. Slone. 

Febr. 26, 1701-2. 

Honrd. Sr. , ^ ^- ,. v .. 

I not onely heartily thank you for the Transactions you sent me, but 
also havein^ been pleas'd to convince me that those trees, that I called pitch 
trees found'in the Levels of Hatfield, are one of the sorts of the true fir trees. 
That' which led me into an error was not onely the expressions of some famous 
authors, who had not accurately enough distinguish'd the trees, but also the 
defEerence that I would fain have had to the honour of the most ramous Cajsar, 
who so positively says that no firs grow in Brittain, tho' indeed, I mighL with 
reason have given as little heed to him in that as to the next trees that he 
mentions. I mean the beech, which he totaly excludes also. But, in short it 
appears that he was no more infallible than I am, and, as certainty is that 
which we all seek for, and is valuable \vith all good men, so pray be pleased to 
insert a line or two into some of your next Transactions, or these very lines 
that I now write, that I am thoroughly convinced that the trees found m the 
abovesayd Chace are the true fir, and not the pitch tree, and that the rest of a 1 
the particulars of them, upon a fresh and narrow examination of them, are ail, 
to the best of my knowledge, true and certain. , - , ,- 

I thank you "also, very heartily, for informing me what the christalme 
R 



250 THE DIAKY OF 

substance was that I sent you, and am also glad to hear that the Aparine PHnii 
etc., were described in the late volume of the ingenious and accurate Mr. Ray, 
whose memory deserves, what I hope it will have, eternal knowledge, and 
whose book I had not as then seen. 

As for the Nostock of Paracelsus, as I would not for the whole world impose 
upon any one- unless I was first imposed upon myself, so I do really believe that 
it i.s nothing but that contemtible substance or thing that I named unto you. 
'Tis strange that it should have been so cry'd up, and liave such wonderfuil 
powers ascribed unto it ; but indeed ignorance is sometimes the mother of 
devotion. 

I am infinitely obliged to the Royal Society for their pleasing to counte- 
nance my studdya, and accept of my weak endeavours. I cannot tell how to 
shew my thankfulness to the same, furdcr than my most humble thanks, and 
the dedicating of the most part of that time that my vacancy from my divine 
calling will allow me, wholy unto their service, which I shall always most wil- 
lingly do. 

You was pleas'd, I very well remember, about two months ago, in a letter of 
your's to me, to desire lieve to nominate me one of your honourable fellowship. 
I writ back that I could never have expected so great an honour, but, since 
that you was pleased to name it to me, I would not be so rude as to refuse it, 
but, on the contrary, most gladly receive it. But, having heard nothing from 
you of that matter since, I am apt to believe that my letter miscarry'd. 

The press, indeed, has committed several errors in my letter, which I ascribe 
to his negligence and my short writeing, the chief of which are these follow- 
ing. [Left blank]. 

To Dr. Sloan. 

Tliorn, March 27, 1702. 
Honrd. Sr., 

Your's came to my hands some days ago, but, being performing my last 
duty to a dying friend, I could not have the happiness of answering it untill 
now. 

I most heartily thank you for the last Transaction, and the prodrom of the 
learned Count Marsigli, tho' I have not, as yet, received them. But, above all, 
I am most infinitely obliged to the Royal Society for the great honour that they 
have been pleased to do me, in chuseing me one of their members. Pray be 
pleased to give my most hearty thanks unto them, and assure them that I will 
always make it my business to answer the ends of their most noble foundation, 
and to serve them in everything to the utmost of my power and knowledge. *■ 

It is certain that nothing advances knowledge more tlian a ready and free 
communication of what passes curious in every part ; so, tho' many have writ 
de voienis, et de his a catilhis 7-abidis momorsl fucrimt, as the learned Parjeus, 
Donatus, Codroncbus, and others, and have communicated relations of such to 

•■ March 18, 1701-2. Mr. Cheyne and Mr. De la Pryme were proposed as 
members, ballotted for, and chosen. 

April 1, 1702. A letter was read from Mr. de la Pryme, dated March 27, 
1702, wherein he thanked the Society for the honor they had done him in choosing 
him a member ; and gave a particular account of the accidents which happen'd 
on the lilting of a mad dog, etc. He was thanked for this communication. 

(From the Journal Book, Royal Society, vol. x., as obligingly communicated 
to me by Mr. Walter White, assistant secretary, who adds that, finding a blank 
against the diarist's name, under the head " Admission," he concludes that ha 
never came up to be formally admitted). 

The following is a list of papers by Abraham de la Pryme, printed in the 
Philosopliical Transactions and Abridgement, 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 251 

the learned world, yet give me leave to ad another, that happened in the family 
of one of the nearest relations of mine, in these parts, some few years ago, 
upon the bite of a madd dog, which may perhaps yield you some speculations 
not unacceptable, and help to discover the subtilty of the poison of thesa 
creatures, and how it afEects man. 

In 1695,* my brother had a pretty greyhound bitch, that had whelps. Soon 
after came a madd dog, and bit the bitch, unknown to the family. Upon which, 
about three weeks after, shee ran mad, and they were forced to kill her, but 
saving her whelps, because that no sign of madness appeared in them. About 
three weeks moi-e they all puU'd out one another's throats, except one, which, 
escapeing, my brother's men vallued and nourish'd, made much of it, and 
stroak'd it. At length, perceiving that it could not lap, nor swallow any liquid 
thing, they put their fingers in its mouth, and felt its tongue and throat, but 
finding nothing wrong therein, as far as they could discover, they let it alone 
a day or two longer, and then it ran madd and dyed. 

They being tiius dead and gone were soon forgot, untill that, about three 
weeks after, my brother's head servant, a most strong laborious man, that had 
frequently put his fingers into the whelp's mouth, began to be troubled now and 
then with an exceeding acute pain in the head, sometimes once, sometimes 
twice a day, so very vehement, that he was forced to hold his head with both 
his hands, to hinder it from riveing in two, which fitts commonly held him 
about an houer at a time, in which his throat would contract, as he sayd, his 
pulse tremble, and his eys behold everything of a fiery redd colour. Thus was 
he tormented for a whole week together. But, being of a strong constitution, 
and returning to his labour, in every interval he sweat and wrought it of with- 
out any physic. 

But it went far worse with one of his fellow servants, a young apprentice of 
about fourteen years of age, who had made as much of the wlielp as he, but 
was not of so strong a constitution. He was seiz'd also with a pain in his head, 
was somewhat feverish, sometimes better, sometimes worse, cough'd much, yet 
had a good stomach, eat heartily, but could drink nothing. " I know not what 
I ail," says he, " I cannot swallow any beer," etc., and so laugh'd at it. When 
he went out of door, tho' there was but a small north wind, yet he always ran 
as if it had been for his life ; when they asked him why he did so, he told them 
he could not tell, but that the wind would needs stop his breath. A day or 
two after this he was worse, and vomited a Strang nasty sort of matter, like 
black blood, which stunk like sallet-oyl, but much stronger, which he did 
several times, after which he would be pretty well, and walk about, but most 
commonly ran as hard as ever he could ; first out of one corner, then into 
another, then up stairs, then down again, as if it was for his life. But, upon 
the third day of his confinement within doors, he grew perfectly madd ; would 
start, and leap, and twist his hands and arms together, point at people, and laugh, 
and talk anything that came into his mind. In some of his fitts, he was so strong 
that he was too hard for four young men to hold him down in the chair where 



Account of some Roman antiquities found in Lincolnshire 

Letter concerning Broughton, in Lincolnshire, with obser- 
vations on the shell-fish observed in the quarries about 
that place ...... 

Account of trees found underground in Hatfield Chase 

On the biting of mad dogs .... 

Account of subterraneous trees . . . - 

Observations concerning vegetation ... 

Observations on water-spouts seen in Yorkshire 

Observations on a water-spout seen at Hatfield 

» The Diarist has recorded this at p. 131 of vol. i, of the MS. Diary, 2 Jan., 

1696, as having occurred " about three months ago." 



Phil. 


Trans. 


Abridg. 


xxii 


. 561 


iii. 428 


xxii 


. 677 


ii. 428 


xxii 


. 980 


iv2 272 


xxiii. 


1073 


iv2 218 


xxiii. 


1073 


iv2 218 


xxiii. 


1214 


iv2 310 


xxiii. 


1248 


iv2 106 


xxiii. 


1331 


iv2 107 



252 THE DIARY OF 

he sat. But, as soon as they were over, he was lightsora, and laugh'd and 
talk'd very boldly, but all his discourse was of fighting, and how, if that they 
would but let him alone, he would leap upon them, and bite, and tear them to 
pieces. And, when any one sayd unto him that he was sure that he would not 
hurt him, hee'd been always his friend, he answer'd sharply, that friends and 
foes were all alike to him, hee'd tear them all in pieces, etc. About an houer 
after this his fit came again, which soon made him speechless, seiz'd wholy upon 
his brain, and then he dy'd, just before that the physician came in. 

Sr., I will not here presume to search into the particles of this poison, what 
figure they are of, how they move, how they multiply, how they are able to 
infect a mass of other particles millions of times bigger than themselves, and 
destroy and dissolve those most curious bodys that are so fearfully and so won- 
derfully made. Neither will I conjecture why they should ly so long, com- 
monly three weeks or a month, and oftentimes much longer, before that they 
begin to stir ; why water or beer, or any cold liquid, is against them, etc. ; 
because that such things cannot certainly be known but by great niceness, and 
repeated labour and inspection. 'Tis pity that the most noble of creatures lys 
at the mercy of the most ignoble of particles, and most wonderfull that a few 
attoms should be able to destroy a whole world, millions of times bigger than 
themselves. 

Sr., I am, etc. 

Roger Mowbray, mentioned in my last letter, did not live in 1390, as I writ 
by mistake, but in 1100, so that what I sayd about some reliques of old forrests 
of iir, then standing in these levels, is more observable than I thought of. 

To Mr. Banks, in answer to his of February 15, 1702-3. 

Eev. Sir, 

I most heartily thank you for your kind letter, and, in answer thereto, 
do confess that, while I lived in your town,' I made great collections of valuable 

' The following notice relative to the diarist's appointment to the readership 
of Holy Trinity Church, Hull, occurs in his ^l.S. penes Mr. Wilson, page, 238. 

" In 1698 Mr. Abr. de la Pryme, upon the removal of Mr. Wykes, succeeded to 
the office of Eeader and Curate in the church. Mr. Banks, assuming the whole 
right of chusing and inducting of one to that office himself, brought him in 
without leave of the Bench, who, through much business, forgot to take notice 
of the same ; but he afterwards, understanding the badness of his tenure, went 
into the Town's Hall unto the Mayor and Aldermen assembled in councel, and 
acquainted them therewith, who readily thereupon confirm'd him in the said 
office, without Mr. Banks's knowledge, and appointed him to be their Reader of 
the High Church." 

19 Sept.,1700.—" Upon reading of the Petition of Mr. Abraham D' La Prime, clerk, the present 
Curate of St. Trinitie's Church, it is ordered that liee continue in the said place for the year 
ensuing att the usuall salary." — {Hull Town Records.) 

"In March, 1700," he continues, "they put so much trust in him that, at bis 
request, they gave him public leave to search into, peruse, and view all their old 
charters, records, and memorials of the Town, upon his request to them, in the 
following words." — 

The order here alluded to is not copied by him into the MS., but, at my 
request, it has been extracted from the records, as follows : — 

B.B. 8, p. 432. 

Tempore Wmi. St. Quintin Bai-t. Major : Ao. 1699. 
21st March, 1699-[1700.] 

" Mr. Abraham de la Prime the Reader in St, Trinitie's Church, came and desired of the Bench 
that they would permit hira to look over and view the Antieut Charters and other Records and 
Antiquities belonging to this Corporation and Town, in order to compose a catalogue thereof, and 
revive the antient righte and privileges of this town. It is ordered that his request be granted, 
and that the Town Clark do attend and assist kirn." 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 253 

papers and ^rS3., but ara infinitely sorry that I have little or nothing amongst 
them that might be serviceable to the great and noble design of the learned 
and ingenious Sir P. Sydenham, unto whome pray be pleased to present my 
most humble service, and let him know that, if he have not obtained the in- 
scriptions upon the monuments of the archbishops of York, that I will pur- 
posely go to transcribe them for him sometime this summer. 

As concerning bishop Skirlaw," I have nothing furder of him than what is 
in the Angl. Sac, Goodwin, Cambden, and other printed books, excepting onely 
that Speed, in Cal. D. Relig. iti Chron. sv.o, says that he built a great 
college of Prebendarys in Hull, the certainty of which may be found amongst 
the returns of Edward VL, in the Court of Augmentations, at London. 

But, as for bishop Alcock, the most learned and pious man of his time, I 
have somewhat furder observable of him. Bishop Goodwin, and from him 
others say that he was born at Beverley, which seems not at all probable to me. 
First, because that his ancestors, William Alcock, Thomas Alcock, sherifE in 
1468, and mayor in 147S, and Robert Alcock, the bishop's father, who was 
sherif in 1471," and mayor in 1480, were all of them famous merchants of this 
town, and lived here. Secondly, because that old records of the town positively 
say that he was the son of the aforesayd Robert Alcock, mayor. Thirdly, 
because that, when he founded the great free school in the town of Hull, he 
founded it upon his own lands, that had descended to him from his grandfather, 
"William Alcock, merchant, of the same place, being a great garden, fifty-five 
royal ells in length, which he had bought in 1432, of John Grimsby, merchant. 
And fourthly, because that it was most commonly the custom of them days to 
build their chauterys, and chappels, and schools, and such like, in the towns 
where they were born, as the aforesayd bishop Skirlaw did his at Skirlaw, and 
others. This Dr. Alcock was first bishop of Rochester, and then of Worster in 
1476. While he sat there, in 1484, he founded and built a little chappel, upon 
the south side of St- Trinity Church, in Hull, joining upon the great porch, 
and dedicated it to the Holy Trinity, erecting two altars therein, the one to 
Christ, and the other to S^- John the Evangelist, and therein and thereat fixed 
a perpetual chantery and chantor, to chant psalms and prayers every day for 
the souls of King Edward 4th, his own, his parents', and for all Christian souls, 
which he endow'd with £14 Gs. 4d. a-year, issuing out of houses and lands in 
Hull, Keilby, and Bigby. About fourteen years after this, awhile before his 
death, at the earnest request of Alderman Dalton, who had marry'd one of his 
sisters, he founded a great free school in the sayd town, and endow'd it with 
£20 a-year (tho' in the survey taken of it in Edward oth's time 'tis but return'd 
in £10), out of which the master was bound to pay 40s. a-year to the dark of 
Trinity Church to teach boys to sing, and to give yearly to ten of the best 
scholars in the school 6s. 8d. a-piece, if the revennues and other exigencies 
would allow of the same ; and all children coming to the sayd school were to 
be taught gratis. About the same time did he also, by another grant, give 
twenty marks a-year to the assistant minister of S^- Trinity church. All which 
charitys were ruin'd and lost in Edward 6th days, and the school and school- 
house puU'd down and sold. 

As for Roger de Askham, I have nothing at all of his, but a book entitled, 
The Schoolmaster ; or a 2)lain and perfect way of teaching children to under- 
stand, speak, and write the Lattin tongue, hvt esjjecially purposed for the 
bringing xip of youth in Nohlemeti's Iwvses, and commodious for such as have 
forgot the Lattin tongue, and would by themselves, without a Schoolmaster, in 
short time and ivith small pains recover it. Printed at London in 1571. 
Which indeed is a very learned and ingenious book, and has many things in it 

" The name of Skirlaw, or Skirlew, is of frequent occurrence in the parish 
register of Thorne. The college of prebendaries is Howden, not Hull. 

" There is more exact information about the Alcocks in the Testamcnta 
Eboracensia. 



254 THE DIAKY OF 

relateing to his life and conversation in S'- John's College, Cambridge, and 
elsewhere, which, if desired, shall be readily sent, tho' no question but he that 
is composing his life has seen it. 

As to Dr. Honiwood's epitaph, tho' that I have it somewhere amongst my 
papers, yet I cannot find it at present. Yet in searching I found some others 
euch like. There is one in S^- Martin's church, in Leicester, in the foUovsiag 
■words : — " Here lys the body of John Heyrick, of this parish, who dyed in 
1589, aged 76 years, who lived with his wife Mary, in one house, full 62 years, 
and had issue by her 5 sons and 7 daughters, and all that time never buryed 
man, woman, nor child, tho' they were some times 20 in household. The sayd 
Mary lived to 97 years, and dyed in 1611. Shee did see, before her departure, 
of her children and children's children, and their children, to the number of 
142." 

In 1656 dyed the Lady Hester Temple, wife to Sir Thomas Temple, of 
Latimer, in the county of Bucks, Knight, who had 4 sons and 9 daughters who 
lived to be marry'd, and so exceedingly multiplied that this lady saw 700 
extracted from her own body before shee dyed. 

Qther nations as well as this have been as fruitful. Ludovicus Vives tells of a 
village in Spain of one hundred houses, whereof all the inhabitants issued out 
of one certain old man, who then lived, and observes that the Spanish language 
did not afEord a name whereby the youngest should call the eldest, since they 
could not go above the great-grandfather's father, etc. 

I am Sir, your most, etc. 

To Mr. Parrol, in London. 

Thorn, March 9, 1702-3. 
Honi-a. Sir, 

It is now above six years ago that I begun to write an exact and 
faithful history of the drainage of the great Levels of Hatfield Chace, on 
purpose to preserve the worthy memory of the first noble undertakers of the 
same, and the great troubles and sorrows that they suffer'd therein, which, by 
the great blessing of God, I liave almost finish'd in some hundreds of sheets of 
paper, onely some things I want relating to the Vermuydens, Vernats, the 
Curteens, the Cattzs, and others, which makes me most humbly begg that if 
there be any papers in your hands relating to their births, country, and pede- 
grees, estates, lawsuits, callings, or when or where they died, or in what con- 
dition, or where I might get their coats of armes, or pictures, or what became 
of Sir Cornelius Vermuden's son and two daughters, or where they live, that I 
might write or go to them. These, if you will be pleased to communicate the 
knowledge of to me, it shall be most graitfully and thankfully received. Or, 
if that you have anything relateing to your family (which I suppose was one of 
those concerned in the drainage)"" that you have a mind to make publick, I shall 

«" This name does not occur amongst the list of foreign settlers given by 
Hunter in South Yorkshire, i., pp. 169-170. The Diarist's correspondent was 
probably connected with Mr. David Peroll (sometimes spelled Parrol and Prole), 
who is racTitioned as surveyor for the Level of Hatfield Chase, on the 19th 
May, xi. Car. I. (1635), in the records of the Court of Sewers. In an order of 
the court, dated 23rd October, 1648, he is said to have " beene very carefull and 
vigilant in his ofiice, and endeavoured, with all his abilities and skill, both by 
night and day, to preserve the works thereof." (Vol. i., p. 3S6). In 1649 he 
was absent, being "ymployed in ye greate fennes ;" and on 17th September, in 
that year, two other persons were jointly appointed to execute the ofiice of 
surveyor. Mr. Peroll, however, was present again at a court held 29th Septem- 
ber, and afterwards, but appears to have died in 1655. Cornelius Peroll, or 
Perole, was appointed a sub-surveyor of the court under John Hatfield, esq., 
surveyor general of the level, by a law of sewers dated 12th July, 1677. — See 
page 76, antea. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 255 

te very faithful! therein. Myself am descended of the first drainers, am a 
participant commissioner of suers, fellow of the Royal Society, etc., aud there- 
fore you may be sure shall be very careful! to represent every thing to the best 
that I can, yet strictly according to truth. I will add no more, but, begging 
pardon for this trouble, 

I am, etc. 

To Mr. Thoresby, in Leeds. 

Mav 17, 1703. 
Honrd. Sr., 

I received yonr's yesterday from Mr. Hall, of Fishlake, and have 
returned this, by post, in answer thereto, hopeing that it will come safe to your 
hands. I am very much obliged to you for the great favour that you express 
towards me, and my poor studdys and endeavours ; yet none could be more 
desirous of seeing you than myself th' last year when I was at your town, to 
have got (what I so earnestly desire) a personal acquaintance with you, and 
been satisfy'd in some antient affairs that then stuck a little hard upon me, 
such as the pretended battel of King Edwin's at our Hatfield, and such like, 
which, since, I have found belongs to Edwinstow, in Nottinghamshire, i.e., the 
place where Edwin fell. Another was where the antient river Vinvid, or 
Winwid stream was mentioned in Bede. Dr. Gale would needs perswade me 
always that it was our river Went tliat divides this manour of Hatfield from 
l"'ollington, but I always told iiim again that I thought it was raither Winnet, by 
Stappleton, called Innet in Chesliire, or Lancashire, from a charter in the Mo/i. 
A'tigl. vol. i., and I think p. 862, where Robert de Lacy grants to the monks of 
Kirstal cuniiimnltatcni totiu.f moroc qua; vocatwr Wimicniorc ct vnaiii acram, 
terrcp in Winnet, ex occidcutali jnu'tc j?onti.'i siq)e.r 7'ipa?it. aquev;'-' but I doubt 
not but to be rightly informed of this and other things by you when I have the 
happiness of seeing you at 3'our town, which I hope will be about a month or 
six weeks hence. As for my history of Hull, which I drew out of all the records 
of that town by particular order of the Mayor and Aldermen, [ have not 
altogether finish'd it, neither must I dare to publish it till some be dead that 
are yet living, remembering Camden's fate. The MSS. that I have got together 
liave cost me both trouble and charge, tho' indeed not much, and I am daily 
augmenting the number of them, haveing got several since I writ that catalogue^ 
of them that you saw, one of which T will here give you the title of : — Comjjcndiu.iit, 
Compcrtorwm j)er Doct. Leigh et Doct. Layton, etc. This rare book, that had 
escaped the eyes of the famous Dodsworth, Dugdale, Burnet, and othei-s, was 
found by me the last year, in his grace the Duke of Devonshire's library, at 
Hardwick, written in H[enry] 8 or Ed[wardl G days, which, upon my request, 
was immediately lent me home, of which I have taken a coppy in ten sheets 
of paper. I will not mention any other things at this time unto you, for fear 
of being tedious ; I will onely add that I have here sent \ou what yon desired 
about farthings, and shall he always very glad to serve you in any thing that 
lays in my power. 

I am, Sr., your, etc.- 

To Dr. Sloan. 

Thorn, June 2G, 1703. 
H. Sr., 

'Tis some time ago tliat I sent you an account of a spout tliat inyscif 
and many others saw in Hatfield parish in 1685, with some few conjectures 

' Vide antca, pp. 188-189. 

y 17 December, 1702. — " Ordered that 8 guinuyes be given as a gratuity to 
Mr. Pryme for inspecting the Town's Records and Papers, and making an Index 
thereof." — Record Book. 



256 THE DIARY OF 

upon the cause of it. Since that time I have been so happy as to sec another 
in the same place, which very much confirms me in my notion of the nature 
and origin of tliem. The weather here in this part of the country hath been 
exceeding] wett and could, insomuch that it seem'd raither to have been 
spring than midsummer. Yet, for all that, Monday, the 21st ditto, was 
pretty warm, ou the afternoon of which day, about two of the clock, no 
wind stirring below, tlio' it seem'd somewhat great in the air, the clouds begun 
to be mightily agitated and driven together, whereupon they became very 
black, and were most visibly hurry'd round, as in a circle, whence proseeded a 
most audible whirling noise like that commonly heard in a mill. After a while, 
a long tube or pipe came down from the center of the congregated clouds, in 
which was most plainly beheld a swift spiral motion, like that of a skrew, or 
tlie Cochlea Archimedis when it is in motion, by which spiral nature and swift 
turning water assends up into the ono as well as into the other. It travell'd 
slowly from west to north east, broke down a great oak tree or two, frighted 
the weeders out of the field, and made others ly down flat upon their bellys to 
save being whirl'd about and kill'd by it, as they saw many jackdaws to be, 
that were suddenly cattch'd up, carry'd out of sight, and then cast a great vvay 
off amongst the corn. At last it passed over the town of Hatfield, to the great 
terror of the inhabitants, fdling the whole air with the thatch that it pluck'd of 
fi-om some of the houses ; then, touching upon a corner of the cliurcb, it tore 
up several sheets of lead, and roll'd them straingly together. Soon after which 
it dissolved and vanish'd, without doing any furder mischief. 

There was nothing more extraordinary in this than in the other that I gave 
you a former account of, and, by all the observation that I could make of both 
of them, I found tliat, had they been at sea, and joyn'd to the surface tliereof, they 
would have can-y'd a vast quantity of water into the clouds, and the tubes 
would then have become more dense, and opake, and strong, than they were, 
and have continued much longer. 

It is commonly sayd that at sea the water collects and bubles up a foot or 
two high under those spouts before that they be joyiied ; but the mistake lys 
in the pelluciditj'' and fineness of those pipes, which do most certainly touch the 
surface of the sea before that any considerable motion be made in it. and that 
then when the pipe begins to fill with water it then becomes opak and visible. 

As for the reason of their small continuance and dissolving of themselves, 
after that the)' have drunk up a great quantity of water, I take it to be by and 
thorow the great quantity of water, that they have carry'd up. which must 
needs thicken the clouds and impede their motion,' and by that means dissolve 
the pipes. 

I am, Sr., etc. 

[To Mr. Thoresby.] 

Thorn, January 25, 1703-4-. 
Hon. Sr. 

I received your's sometime ago, but had not the opportunity of 
answering it untill now, being busied in transcribing the whole court rolls of the 
manour of Hatfield, from Edward the Ist's days untill now, (which will take 
me eight or ten volumes in folio) in which are an infinite number of things 
very observable.^ I am very glad that the comp[ositioii] was acceptable unto 

* At page 53 of the 1st vol. of the MS., the diarist has entered the sub- 
stance, taken from an old paper he says he had by liim, "'of a strange cause 
that was brought to a hearing in Hatfield court," in the llth year of Edward 
III. (ISoT), between Robert de Kotherham, plaintiff, and John de Ithon, defen- 
dant, relative to the breach of an agreement, made at Thome, for the sale and 



ABRAHAM DE LA PHYME. 



257 



you (I am sure it would not have been ao to the papists in King James the 2nd s 
time if it had been then printed, to whome it wuukl have given a mortall blow.) 
You 'may direct it to Mr. Hardwick, at Kawclifle, for me, by which means 1 
hope it will come safe to my hands. As to your other querys, I answer them 

as follows. TiToo 

Robfert Pfortington] whose heroic deeds I have mentioned m my Mbb., was 
second brother to Roger P. of Tadworth ; which Roger had originally but a 
small estate, untill that there dy'd one Sr. Roger P. of or near Leeds, who left 
his whole estate, about £1,600 a-year, to the disposal of his wife, they havemg 
no issue. And shee being old and full of piety, caus'd her coffin to be made 
and set in her chamber by her, and designed, when shee dy'd to leave all shee 
had to a young nephew of her's called Mr. Nevil, of Chete," and had accordingly 
given it so in her will. He, knowing this, was impatient of her death ; and, 
being once in a merry humour, went to see her, as he did frequently, and 
observing her coffin stand by her, he fell a playing thereon with his fingers, 
and sayd " Aunt 1 when shall I hear that ycu'r layd up in these virgmalls 7 
Shee, hearing these unfortunate words,^ sayd little, but immediately alter d her 
will, and gave all she had to this same Roger Portington, of Tudworth, because 
he was her husband's double name-sake, tho' not at all related. 

This Roger haveing got such a fine addition to his estate came to the 
manourhall of H[atfield], and lived there untill the time of the breaking out of the 
civil war, in which he took the King's part, was a captain, rais d and maintain d 
a troup at his own cost, untill at last, havenig spent above £i>.000 he was taken 
prisoner, and sent to London, where they made him pay £1,890 more tor 
composition money for his estate that was left, and kept him m prison eleven 
years, until the King's return, after which he came and lived at Barmby-upon- 
Dun, and there dy'd and was bury'd.-^ As for his estate that was left he 
bequeathed it to his wife for her life, and, after her decease, to the Portingtons 
of Portington, to whome I think it went long ago, and is now almost, if not 

wholly, spent. , , ,, • • cr i^r 

The aforesayd Rob<:rt P., this Roger P.'s second brother, was major m Sr- W 
Savil's regiment, was a valiant soldier and brave man, plunder d the Isle ot 
Axholm, was in the fight at Willoughby, there taken prisoner and sent to Hull, 
where he lay untill the king was restored, and then comeing over Bouth-ferry 
or, as others say, Whitgift, he there received the sleight bite of an ape. that 
was then by chance in the boat, in his hand, which gangreen d, and shortly 
after carry'd him to prison again in the dark and silent grave. 

delivery by the latter to the former of no less an article, whether corporeal or 
incorporeal, than a devil, bound m a certain ligament-" D.abolum ligatum m 
quodam ligamine "-in consideration of the sum of 3^d. The subject lias been 
often transcribed and reprinted, and the purport of it may be read ^^ ^miters 
S Y i V 197. From an occasional inspection of these court-rolls, with wliich, 
through the courtesy of Rowland W. Hcatlicote, esq. of the Manor-house, Hat- 
field, I have been favoured, I am in a position to endorse the statement in the 
text that they certainly do contain " an infinite number of things very observ- 
able" by the antiquary and genealogist. Most of the early ones, however have 
suffered from a want of care on the part of their custodians, with which they 
are, at all events, not now chargeable. ^ c< tt ■■ qoq 

« Chevet, near Wakefield. See ped., 77»«;ter .? ;b. r., u., rfJ^. 

* This '-unseemly jest" is referred to by Hunter as taken from De la 
Pryme's Diary, in S.Y.X, P- 213, where, and at p. 214, see pedigree, and further 
information as to the Portington family. tt- . n .^of^r- r. o-i-i 

<= Died in 1G83. See mon. insc. m Mdler's Hist. Doncaster, p. 233. 
TJvntrv^SY i d214 •' 1683. Roger Portington, of Barnby, Esq., was buried, 
contrary to act 'of^ parliament, ye lUh of December." [•i.e. concerning the 

^ Died 23 December, 1G60, buried at Arksey. bee mon. msc. Mtllei s Hist. 
Doncaster, 229. Hunter's S. Y., i., 2U. 



258 



THE DIARY OF 



Hen[ry Pfortington] the great royali.st, of whome I sent you the book, was 
the son of Robert P., esq., of Staynford, but descended from Barmby-upon-Dun, 
aTid was nephew to the aforesayd Roger and Robert, of Tudworth ; and, dying 
without issue, left what he had to a brother named William, who had a son 
named Henry, vho spent all. 

All this I took in writing, some years ago, from Mr. L[ayton ?] before he 
dy'd/ 

' This is the last entry in the Diary. The MS. volume, at this point, 
presents the appearance of having had many leaves cut or torn out; but Mr. 
Hunter, who, previously to 182.S, had had the book for the service of his History 
of South Yo7-ksfilre, there states that the above communication to Thoresby was 
at that time the latest entry in it. — See Hunter's South Yorkshire, i., p. 181, 







APPENDIX. 



GENEALOGICAL NOTICES, 



l^Tnside the cover, at the commencement of the Diary, in the 
Diarist's oivn writing.^ 

Mat. Prym, my father, was born ye 31 of August, 1645. 
Sarah Smagg, my mother, was born in November, 1649. 
They were marryd 3^ of April, 1670. 

Abraham Prym, ye first born, and ye author of this Book, 
was born ye 15th of Jan., 1671. 

1. Peter Prym was bora ye 29tii of April, 1672. 

2. Sarah Prym was born ye 14 of Sept., 1677. 
Mary Prym was born ye 17 of Octob., 1685. 
Frances Prym was born ye 15 of Febr., 1687. 

1. Peter Prym marryd Frances, ye daughter of Franc. 
Wood, of ye Levels, July ye 25, 1695. 

1. His first born, dved soon. 

2. His 2'! son was born Munday ye 6t- of 7 ter. at 10 a 
clock at night, 1697. 

2. Sarah Prym was marryd unto William Oughtibridg, of 
Woodhouse, in 1696, and bv"^ him had a son named Thomas, 
born ye 1699. 

[7n a different hand.'\ 

Thar was 5 childer more ho dyed before me father. 
Daved, 3y>-- ould, Jacob, 87^- ould, Elez., 137^- ould, Mary, 
half a yr- ould, Elez., iT^- ould, Frances, 2yi^- ould. 



200 THE DIARY OF 

[The following entry occurs at page 69 of the Diary.~\ 
Extracted out of y"^ Register of y" Chapppel of Santoft/ 

" Le 4 d' Avril, 1670, sont maries Abram Bareel et 
Francoise Stcrpia, et Mathew Pryme, et Sara Smaque. Le 
15 Janvier, 1671, naquit Abrah. fils de Math. Pryme, et de 
Sarah Smaque, et a ete baptize le 22 du dit mois a Santoft, son 
parein est Abrah. de Prim et sa mareine Fransois Sterpin, femme 
de' Abr. Behareel. Le 9 de' Avril, naquit Pierre fils de Mat. 
Prieme, et de Sara Smaque, et ete baptize a Santoft, le 14 de 
Juiliet, son parein est Pierre Smacque, et sa mareine Sara 
Jacob, femme de Isanbaer Chavatte." 



A Colloo;e friend of the diarist's named Read (who had been 
on a tour into Derbyshire v^^ith Sir Thomas Bendish), in a letter 
dated Cambridge, March 3'-^ 1695-6, sends him a note of one 
" Phillip Pryme, Gent, of Normanton in Derbyshire. I lookt 
in ye map and found on town of yt- name abt- 3 miles south of 
Derby itself." 



Monumental Inscriptions in Hatfield Church. 

Sacred to ye Honour of God & ye Dead. At ye foot of This 
Pilr- lyes Bury'd in certain hope of riseincr in Christ ye Body of 
Matthew Pryme, of y'' Levels, Gen*- son of Charles De la 
Pryme,* of ye citty Ipres, in Flanders, who marryed Sarah, 
ye daugh. of Peter Smagge, Gn*- cit. of Paris, & ha'veing lived 
49 years Jn this vain world (a patern of vertue, honesty, and 
industry), departed to a better ye 29 of Ldy, A.D. 'l694, 
leaueing behind him a good name, a mournfull wife, & of jj 
children whome God had given him onely five liveing, Abraham, 
Peter, Sarah, Mary, and Francis, who out of gratitude to God 
& duty to ye excellent memory of the dead did most freely, 
willingly, thankfully, and deservedly, erect this mon. to his 

" It is much to be regretted that the Registers of this chapel are not now to 
be met with, "itonchonae. {Isle of AxJiobne,^^. 355), says, "part of them have 
been preserved by Mr. Stovin." Hunter, writing in 1828, and giving the names 
of many of the Dutch and French settlers on the Hatfield Levels, says, "of these 
it is possible to collect a pretty complete list from tlie register of the chapel of 
Sandtoft, which was carefully kept from 1G41 to IGSl , and is still in existence, or 
lately was so. It was in the French language." {Smith Yorkshire, \.,^.U\'d). 
Many enquiries have been made about these records but hitherto without success. 
* Both Peck and Hunter have omitted to give these words of paternity. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 261 

memory/ Here allso lyes ye body of M". Sarah Pryme, wife 
to ye aforesd Mr- Matthew Pryme/she dyed 1729, aged 82. 

Near 

this place lyes 

Peter De la Pkyme, 

Gent., of ye Levels, 

Who dy'd Nov. 25th 1724, aged 52 years. 

Also 
Frances, his wife, who dyd Py 12, 1707. 

Also 4 children 

Matthias, Matthew, Sarah, & David. 

Here allso lies Abraham De 

La Pryme, Gent, eldest son to 

ye aforesd Peter & Frances, he 

died Octob. 6, 1740, aged 40 

years. 

Also Emily, Relict of Abraham De La Pryme. 

who died July, 1769, aged 76. 

Also 

2 children of his son, 

Abraham De La Pryme, Gent., 

Peter & Marirret. 



Sacred to the Memory of Francis & George Wright^ 
Great Grandsons of Peter De La Prime, the former of whom 
fell a Victim to the climate of Tobago, the 2^ of Sept^- 1801, 
ao-ed 29 years. And the latter to the bursting of a Gun when 
on Duty, at the same Place, the 27th Qct^- 1805, aged 26 years. 
This Monument was erected by their Sister, Sally Wright, to 
fulfil the Intention of their afflicted Mother, Sally Wright, 
who died 7th JanJ- 1809, aged 64 years, and whose Remains 
lie at the foot of this Pillar. 

« "This," says Hunter, "is a beautiful specimen of what I would call the 
English epitaph ; full of that information for which people resort to the monu- 
ments of the dead ; not extravagantly encomiastic, but doing justice to the mem- 
ory of a man whom we cannot doubt to have deserved all that is said of him ; 
at the same time, simple, tender, aSecting:'— South Yorkshire, 1., p. 190 

The arms represented on the De la Pryme monuments, at Hatfield, when Feck 
wrote his History of Bawtry and Tlwrne, 1813, were said to be azure a sun 
arqent- and Hunter, 1828 f^'o^U Yorkshire, 1,^- 190), also describes them as 
a silver mn upon an azure field. When I saw them, in 1869, the sun had been 
painted by some one sable. 



262 THE DiAPvT or 



Here Lies all 

that was mortal 

of Abraham de la 

Pryme, F.R.S., 

Minister of Thorn, in the 

County of York, 

Son of Matthew de la Pryme 

& Sarah his mournful Relict. 

he died June yer 13th, 1704, 

in ye 34th year of his age. 

Tho' Snatch'd away 
in youth's fresh bloom, 
Say not that he 
untimely fell ; 
he nothing owd 
Ye years to come, 
and all that pass'd 
was fair & well. 

A painful priest, 
A faithfull fre^d, 
A vertuous soul, 
A candid breast, 
usefull his life 
& calm his end, 
he now enjoys 
eternal Rest. 



[The above is on a plain stone at the foot of the north-east pillar of the 
tower. Viro rjionument'mn ha,udq%(,aqua/m, dignwn.''^ 

* Hatfield Burial, 1704, June 14, Mr. Abraham Prym. 
"Mr. Pryme, min., dyed upon June ye 12tli. 1704, and was buried at 
Hatf., June \^S'°■•" — Memorandum in, the Regixter of Tlwme. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PKYME. 263 

In memory of Emelia, wife to William Greene, esq., of 
Chesterfield, in ye county of Derby, who died April y^ 1st, 1760, 
in ye 28th year of her age. Daughter of Abraham and Emily 
De la Pryme, above mentioned. 



Near This'' Place lyes ye Body of Sara^ ye wife of W"^- 
Outibridge, of Hatf*^"- Wood^s- & Daugtr. of Mat"'- Pryme, 
Gent. Died March 27, 1708. Also 2 daugtrs. viz. Sar^. bur^. 
Augst. 12,^ 1708, & Elizb. bur^ Augst. 25, 1714. 



T. Ouglitibridge, Engraver. 
D.M.S. 
Near y^ Place Lye ye Bodyes of Wi"- Oughtibridge & Sarah 
his wife, he was bury'l luly 30,-^ 1728, agd 56. She dyd 1708. 
Allso 4 children, Su^n., Mat^., Sar^-, & Elizb. Also Thos. 
Oughtibridge, Son to Wiling, and Sarah, he died December 26th, 
1756,' Aged 54 yeax's. 

Arms: Or on a fess sable 3 lozenges gules, impaling, azure 
a sun sable.'^ 

(On a Brass plate.) 
Here Lieth the Body of W. Oughtibridge, of this Parish, 
Gent., Buried July 1728, aged 56 years. 

Nigh unto this place lies the Body of Frances, the wife of 
John Cock,' daughter of Mathew and Sarah Pryme, who 
departed this Life the 3"^^ of June, J745, Aged 53. Also two 
Children Hannah & Matthew, who died Lifants. And Iohn, 
who died the J3th of March, J747, Aged 22. Also Sarah, who 
died the 8th of March, J763, Aged 48. 

' loth in Register. 

/ Buried 29th, in the Register. 

«■ So on the monument, but an error for 1753. His will was dated 8 Dec, 
1753, and proved at York 19 June, 1754. The burial register is 28 Dec, 
1753. Peck, in his Jlistonj of Bawtry and Thome, 1813, p. 105, has it 1753. 

'^ I give the heraldry as I find it, though there is obviously some irregu- 
larity in the colours. Peck has Oughtibridge thus, in his History of Bawtry 
and Thome, 1813, p. 105. 

* Peck(^tsi. Bawtry and Tlwrne, 1813) has misprinted this name Cooke. 
Hunter the same, S.Y., i., 190. Pedigree in Archceologia, vol. xl., has it 
80 also. It is clearly Cock, both on the monument and in the register. 



204 THE DIARY OF 

Near this ])l;u;e lye y^' remains of Thqs- Johnson, of Brumby, 
in v^ County of Lincoln, Gent-, buried June 29, 175J, aged 63 
years. Also Mary, Ins Wife, who was Buried lune the J4, 
J767, aged 82 years. 

T. Oughtibr'ulrje, Sculp. 

Arms : Arg. a lion (or leopard) passant guardant, on a 
chief. ..3 fishes palewise, heads downwards... impaling Pry me. 



From a Gravestone near the font, in St. Paul's Church, 

Sheffield. 

In Memory of Elizabeth, the wife of James De la Prime, who 
died October the ..., 1766, aged 36 years. 

Also of Charles, son of James De la Prime, Born April the 
7th, il759, died Novr. the 11th, 1760. Also of the second 
Charles, his son, Born April the 9th, and died May the 24th, 
1763. Also of Peter, who was Born April 22d, 1765, and died 
August the 15th, 1768. 



On a Tablet in North Ferriby Church. 

Mr. Francis Pryme, of Hull, died the 7th July, 1769, 
aged 67. 

Pebecca, his wife, the 28th May, 1750, aged 39. 

Frances their daughter, the 31st Oct., 1746, aged 8 years. 

Christopher Pryme, Son of Francis Pryme, by Mary his 
first wife, the 20th Oct., 1784, aged 46. 

Alice, his Widow, died at Hull, on the 16th of October, 
1834, aged 86. 



Beneath is a shield, intended, it is presumed, to exemplify the 
arms of Mr. Pryme and those of his two wives, as follows : — Per 
pale, the dexter half parted per fess, the upper portion being 
paly of eight or and azure, on a chief of the first a lion passant 
guardant gules: and the lower portion, azure the sun or: sinister 
half, vert a greyhound salient argent. Here, again, is a variance 
in the De la Pryme arms, the sun being given as gold. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 265 

Abstracts from the Wills and Ar>MrNHSTRATiONs of the 

NABIE OF PrYME, IN THE REGISTRY AT YORK/ 

27 Dec, 1669.— Charles Prime, of the Lovell, in the par- 
rish of Hatfeild, yeoman. — Item, I i;ive unto tJie poore of the 
Frencli and Dutch congregation of ^antoft tlie sumnie of three 
pounds. — Item, I give unto niy three sonns, that is, Abraham 
Prime, and Matthias Prime, and Da\i(l Prime, all my lands 
which is in Flanders, equally divided iimoiigst them three. — 
Item, I give unto my sonne Abraham Prime the summe of 
18^. Qs., as above 201. which I am ingaged for my sonne Abraham 
att Gainsbrough, to be paid by my executors hereafter nomin- 
ated, which, with one hundred and sixtie-one pound 17s. alreadie 
paide to him, makes the summe of 200/. — All the rest of my 
houses, leases, tenements, and goods \\diats'.)e\er, I give unto 
my wife Prudence, and to my sonns Matthias and David, to bo 
equally divided an^ongst them three, and make them jointe and 
sole executors. — Witnesses, Isaac Germe, Abraham Beharrel. 
[Proved 10 Janry, 1669-70, admon. to Matthias & David Prime, 
the ex'-s-] — Eecf. Teat. 50, fo. 4:51b. 

2 Jan^y-, 1669-70. — Prudence Prime, of the Levell, widow. 
— To my son Jacob Coakley, 20.?. — All my part of houses, leases, 
tenements, and goods whatsoever, to my ^ous Matthias Prime, 
and David Prime, they paying the third part of "what they shall 
be valued at to my son Abraham Prime. — Said Matthias & 
David Prime ex^s- [Proved lOth Jan'T-. 1669-70, admon. to 
Matthias & David Prime, sons &, ex''~*- of s*^'- dec-^- ] — -Rt^ff- Test. 
50, fo. 452. 

30 Janry-, 1671-2. — David Prym, of the Levells, yeoman. — • 
My wife Mary sole exx — The 3*^ part of my jicrsonal estate to 
my son David P., Avhen 21 or married, — the other 2 parts to 
my s<i exr. — Should my wife die in her widowhood, and also my 
son, then the moiety of what she dies seized of to my brethren 
Abraham and Matthias Prim, or to their heirs or assigns, and 
the other moiety to be at her own disposal. — Benjamin Guey, 

J For the contribution of these testamentary notices the Editor is indebted 
to R. H. Skaife, Esq., of York, a gentleman who has been upon all occasions 
most ready to assist him, and whose qualifications for the labours of the anti- 
quarian scholar have been well displayed in the publication of " his first 
literary essay," Kirhhi/s Inquest, which forms the 49th volume of the works of 
this Society. 
S 



2G6 THE DIARY OF 

and the said Abraham & Matthias Prim, to be supervisors of my 
son David. — [Pi'oved 26 Aug., 1672 ; admou. to Abraham 
Prymme brother of sd- deed., to whom tuition of David P., son of 
sd- dec^-t was also granted.] — A second gi-ant was issued (&the 
above cancelled), 26 Oct., 1672, to Susanna Guoy, the mother, 
& Abraham Prym, the brother of s^l- deceased. — Reg. Test. 53, 
fo. 3245. 

Nuncupative will of Mary Prym, widow and relict of David 
Prym, of Haines, in the parish or chapelry of Thorne, made on 
or about 21 Aug., 1672. — All my land to my son David Prym, 
if he live to accomplish his full age ; if he die before, then to 
Suzans Gruoy, my mother, for her life. — rem. to Suzans Flahant, 
wife of John Flahant, and to her heirs. — All my goods and 
personal estate whatsoever to my son David Prym (except my 
rings and silver thimbles, Avhich I give to Suzans Gouy, my 
mother). — To Sarah Moore, my god-daughter, 10s. — Tuition of 
said David to my mother Suzans Gouy. [On 26 Oct., 1672, 
probate of the will of Mary Prym, late of Levell, par. Hatfield, & 
admon. granted to Susanna Guoy, mother of %^- dec^v & Abra- 
hiim Prym, gent., brother of s^- deed- Same day tuition of 
David Prym, son of s^- dec^-, was granted to the said Susanna 
Guoy, his grandmother.] — Reg. Test. 53, fol. 192. 

6 Oct., 1684. Admon. of the goods, etc., of David Prymm, 
late of Levells, but dying (intestate) at Pursland, par. Crowland, 
CO. Line, granted to Susanna Gouy, his grandmother. — Act Book j 
Pontefract Dttmery. 

26 July, 1694. — Matthias Prim, of the the parish of Hat- 
field, yeoman. — £18 per ann. to my wife Sarah P., to be paid 
quarterly, during her life, out of all my houses and lands at 
Hatfield & Hatfield-Woodhouse, & my old farm in the Levell, 
late Mr. Dawlings. — Also to my s^- wife £50 within 12 months 
after my decease. — 'To my son Abraham P., and to his heirs, all 
that my farm at Goodcock, in the occupation of Isaac Amory, 
as also 49 acres in Wroot Ca. r, with the buildings, and all my 
right, title, and interest in Vanheck land. — To my s^. son, 
Abraham, £100 out of my personal estate, to be paid within 12 
months after my decease. — My houses and lands at Hatfield & 
Hatfield-Woodhouse, and my old farm in the Levell, to my son 
Peter P., and his heirs, paying £18 yearly to his mother, as 
above bequeathed. — To my three daurs. Sarah, Mary, & Frances, 
each £200, when 21 or married. — Tuition of s^. 3 daurs. to my 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 267 

wife, and to my trusty & welbeloved friend W"^- Erratt, clerk, 
& Edward Forster, o;ent. — £5 to W"i-> son of W™- Erratt, clerk, 
— To Charles Pryin, my nephew, £5. — To ye poore that come to 
my funerall, five pound, to be dealt in dole in Hatfield church, 
after I am buryed. — Residue to Peter P., my son ; he sole ex^ 
[Probate of the will of Matthias Prim, gent., of the Levell, 
granted to Peter Prim, gent., son of said deceased, and sole 
executor, 25 March, 1695]. — N.B. This will is not registered. 

Inventory, taken 1 7 JaiVY-, 1694-5, amounted to £1316 19s. Od. 

His funeral expenses were £20. 

Paid to ye D^ & Apothecary, £17. 

Francis Oxley & Charles Prim, of [Ledle?], yeoman, enter 
bond. 

2 April, 1711, 10 Anne. — James Greenhalgh, of Hooton- 
Roberts, clerk. — To my son, Thomas Greenhalgh, £300 when 
21. — To my son James Greenhalgh, 300, when 21. — To my daui'., 
Emelia Greenhalgh, £300, when 21 or married. — Tuition of s^- 
children to my wife Margaret. She sole ex^ [Pro. 8th Jan^y-, 
1718-9, admon. to Margaret Greenhalgh, widow, the sole ex^ ] 
— Heg. ArcJiiejy. Dawes, fo. 106. 

Mem. — 21 Feb., 1692-3. James Grenehalgh, clerk, inst. to 
Hooton-Roberts. 

26 Janry-, 1718-9. Charles Willats, clerk, inst. to Plumtree, 
vice James Greenhalgh, deceased. 

20 Nov., 1724. — Peter Prym, of the Levels, par. Hatfield, 
gent. — I give unto my son Francis Prym all my share of lands 
in the Levells, late Mr. Vanheck's, and the house and land at 
Goodcop, in the manner of Epworth, to him and his heirs for 
ever, also £300 in money, to be paid him within 12 months after 
my decease by my executor. — Item, I give unto m^- son, Abram 
Prym, all my copyhold land and messuages, buildings, and 
appurtenances whatsoever, in the lordship and manner of Hat- 
field, to him and his heirs for ever, and the 151 acres in Bryer- 
hills. — To my daur. Elizabeth Prym, £600, to be paid within 6 
months after my decease. To Susan Oughtibridge, £5, & to 
Thomas & William Oughtibridge, each £1 Is. — Residue to my 
son Abram Prym. He sole ex>-- Witnesses, W^- Errat, W^. 
Rodwell, & Timothy Moore. [Proved 29 May, 1725, admon. to 
Abraham Prym, son and sole ex^- ] — Reg. Test. 78, fo. 117. 

16 Oct., 1740. — Margaret Grenehalgh, of Hatfield, widow. 



26ft THE DIARY OF 

■ — To my n^randdaur. Emilia de la Prime £200, when 21 or 
married. — To my oranddaur. Elizabeth do la Prime £200, when 
21 or married. — My late son, James Grenehalgh, dec^ — Residue 
of iny personal estate, and also my copyhold house in Hatfield, 
to my daur. Emelia de la Prime, widow, her lioirs, executors, & 
administrators, subject to an annuity of £10 to M^s- Frances 
Elice, for payment of which my brother, Mr. Hugh Bosvile, 
became bound with me unto M^'s- Dorothy Briscoe, dec^-. mother 
of the said M^-s- Alice (sic), about May 26tli, 1721. Said daur. 
Emilia sole ex>^ [Proved 14 July, 1754, admon. to Emelia de la 
Pryme, widow, daur. &sole ex^ of s'^-decd-] — Reg. Test. 98, 2216. 

IS Aug. 1768. — Francis Pryme, of Kingston-upon-Hull, 
esquire. — To my daur. Eh'zabeth Pryme £500, to be paid within 
6 months after my decease, — also £500 more, to be paid within 
12 months after my decease.— also a sum of about £93, left to 
her by her uncle and aunt, William & Rebecca Thompson, & 
now in my hands, to be included in the above legacy. — To my 
s<^- daur. Elizabeth £20, to be p^- wt^Mn one month after my 
decease. — To my daur. Nancy Pryme, £500, within 6 months, 
and £500 within 12 months, and £20 within one month after my 
decease. — To my daur. Sally, the Avife of Mayson Wright, £20. 
— To my son-in-law Mayson Wright, £20. — My real & personal 
estate, charged with the above legacies, to my son Christopher 
Pryme. He sole ex-^- [Proved 18 Dec, 1769, admon. to 
Christopher Pryme, son and sole ex^" ] — Reg. l^est. 113, fo. 273. 

2 June, 1769. — Emelia De la Pryme, heretofore of Hat- 
field, but now of Sheffield, widow. — To my son, James De la 
Pryme and to his brother-in-law, James Greatrex, of Manchester, 
gent., my copyhold house in Hatfield, and my copyhold land at 
Hatfield-Woodhouse, in trust to sell the same, etc. — My grand- 
daur. Mary De la Pryme (under 21). — To my grandson, James 
De la Pryme, my silver tankard. — To my grandson, Abraham 
De la Pryme, and to my grandson, Francis De la Pryme, my 
five table spoons, marked with the Grenehalghs' crest. — To my 
granddaur. Emelia De la Pryme, my three silver castors, and 
two little waiters, marked with the Grenehalghs' crest. — Residue to 
my son, James De la Pryme. He sole ex^'- [Proved 5 Nov., 
1770, admon. to James De la Pryme, son & sole exi'- ] 

10 May, 1782. — Christopher Pryme, of Kingston-upon- 
Hull, merchant. — Mentions his wife Alice, his son George 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 269 

Pryme (a minor), and his (test"-) sisters, Nancy Fryme, Sally, 
wife of Mayson Wright, and Elizabeth Robinson. — In a codicil, 
dated 2 Oct, 1784, he mentions his brother-in-law, the Rev. 
Owen Dinsdale. [Proved 11 Nov., 1784, admon. to the Rev. 
Owen Dinsdale, clerk, one of the ex^'^-'j—Reg. Test 128, to. 430. 
22 April, 1771. — Elizabeth Blaydes, of Kingston-upon- 
Hull, gentlewoman, — To my daur. Frances Blaydes, £1500. — 
To my nephew, James De la Pryme, of Sheffield, gent., £100. — 
and to his two sons, Abraham and Francis, £50 each, — and to 
James, Mary, and Amelia, the three other children of my said 
nephew, James De la Pryme, £10 each. To my nephew, M^"- 
Christopher Pryme, my two nieces, Elizabeth and Nancy Pryme, 
and to my nephew-in-law, Mr. Mason Wright, and Sarah, his 
wife, £10 each. [Proved 12 Nov., 1772, admon. to Benjn. 
Blaydes, esq., & Frances Blaydes, son and daur. of sd. dec^- ] 

Record of the Death of the Diarist, and admission of 

HIS Heir, at the Manor Court at Epworth, 

Co. Lincoln.* 

Manerium de Epworth. — Visas Franc. Pleg. cum magna 
Cur. Leta, Cur. Baron, et Cur. placitorum honorabilis Domini Johis 
Carterett, Baronis de Hawnes, domini manerii prajdicti, infantis, 
per honorabilem dominam Graciam Carteret, gardianum suum 
ibidem tent. 18 Octob., 3 Anne, A.D. 1704, coram Augusti)io 
Sampson, seneschallo curi?e ibidem existente. 

Obitus Abrahami Prybl — Ad banc curiam compertum est 
per homagium quod Abrahamus Prym gens- unus customarius 
domini tenens hujus manerii tenuit sibi et hteredibus suis per 
copiam rotulorum curiae, secundum consuetudinem ejusdem. 
manerii, unum cotagium sive tenementum, cum horreis et aliis 
Eedificiis eidem spectantibus, jacens et existens infra parochiam 
de Belton, et vocatum per nomen de Groodcopp, nunc vel nuper 
in tenura sive occupatione Samuelis Amory, et unum clausum 
terr^e arrabilis prope eidem adjunoentein, continentem per 
Eestimacionem sex acras (plus vel minus j, abbuttantem super 
farmam terras vocatum Sands Toft farm ex oriente, et altani 
viam ducentem inter Hatfield et Sand Toft ex boreali, et etiam 
unum parcellum terras vocatum a tack, miam piscariam in rivo 
vocatole Old Idle, ac etiam seperalem aliam piscariam in quodam 

* Copied from the original, under the obliging permission of the present 
lord of the manor, Alfred Parkin, Esq. 



270 THE DIARY OF 

loco vocato Thorn Bush Carr cum pertinenciis in Belton, 

obiit inde seisitus, et quod Petrus Pryrn est frater ejus, proxiinus 
hseredum, et plene setatis; cui domitULS manerii prajdicti per 
senescallum suum concessit inde seisinain per stramen, secundum 
consuetudinem ejusdem manerii, habendum et tenendum prtemissa 
praedicta eidem Petro hasredibus et assignatis suis secundum 
eandem consuetudinem perredditus et servicia per consuetudinem 
inde prius debita et dejure consueta. Et dat domino de fine 
pro hujusmodi statu et ingressu nt in margine, et fecit domino 
fidelitatem, et sic admissus est inde tenens.' (Fin. xxxs- & viii^- ) 

De la Pryme of the Isle of Man. 

The followino- Petition, addressed to the Commissioners of 
Inquiry for the Isle of Man, and published in their report 
printed in 1805, alludes to the first establishment of Cotton 
Manufacture in the Isle of Man, which had to be abandoned in 
consequence of the customs of Liverpool insisting upon the 
goods paying a ForeigTi Duty, after being admitted duty free 
for ten years. The works, situated at Ballasalla had, in conse- 
quence, to be abandoned, and the manufacture of cotton was never 
resumed in the island."* 



To the Honourable His Majesty's Commissioners of Enquiry in 
the Isle of Man. The humble Petition of Abraham de la 
Pryme, Sheweth, 

That your petitioner, in the year 1779, removed with his 
family from England to the Isle of Man, for the conveniency of 
water, and the low price of labour, to carry on the manufacture 
of spinning and weaving cotton ; and, at a very great expence, 

' This appears to be the same property which had been held by Matthias 
Pryme, the father of the Diarist. 28 January, 16S4-5, Richard Kingman, 
gent., and Ann his wife surrendered a cottage or tenement, with barns, &c., 
in the parish of Belton, called Goodcopp, then or late in the occupation of 
Isaac Amory, with a close of arable land adjoining, containing six acres, 
abutting upon a farm called 8andtoft farm east, the highway leading between 
Sandtoft to Hatfield north, a parcel of land called "una Tacka" [a Tack], 
a fishery in the river of old Idle, and a several fishery in Tornebush Carr 
Paunsh, in Belton, to the use of Mathias Prim, of the Levill, in parish of 
Hatfield, gent., his heirs and assigns. — Epmorth Manor Court Bolls. 

"' The Rev. Wm. Gill, of the Vicarage, Malew, Ballasalla, writes in 1869, 
— " The old people here still speak of the Prymes as having been noticeable 
in their generation. Abraham lived at Ballatrick, Francis in Ballasalla house. 
The factory which Francis built still remains, but in a ruined condition. It 
is now used as a threshing-mill." 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 271 

erected there a mill and other buildings; has ever since employed 
a great number of the inhabitants in the said manufacture, 
which employment is their whole support ; has always imported 
cotton from Liverpool, of the growth of the British Plantations, 
and regularly for ten years exported the manufacture of the said 
cotton, either in cloth or yarn, from the said Isle, by proper 
certificate to Liverpool, free from duty, as being the manufacture 
of the said Isle, 

That, last month, your petitioner imported into Liverpool, by 
proper certificate, three packs containing six hundred and thirty 
pounds yarn, and six pieces cloth in the grey, manufactured in 
the said Island, from the said cotton, which said packs are 
detained in the Custom House for the payment of the duty, 
which is next to a prohibition ; and, if not speedily redressed, 
the erection of the mill and other buildings will be nearly a total 
loss to your petitioner, and he will be under the disagreeable 
necessity of removing Avith his family out of this Isle. How far 
his removal will be a general loss thereto, your petitioner must 
submit to your judicious consideration. 

Your petitioner begs leave to observe, that he did not appre- 
hend that cotton wool of the growth of His Majesty's Plantations, 
and spun by your petitioner, should be deemed foreign growth. 

Your petitioner also begs leave to observe that, by a late act 
of Parliament, cotton yarn spun in Ireland from cotton of 
foreign growth may be imported into Great Britain, duty free, 
and that" a like indulo-ence might have been obtained for the Isle 
of Man, if it had been mentioned at the time. 

Y'our petitioner prayeth that the honourable Commissioners 
of Enquiry may be pleased to take his case into consideration, 
and, reporting the same to Government, obtain for him such relief 
as he trusts it will bo found to merit, and your petitioner will 
ever pray. 

Abraham de la Pryme. 

Isle of Man, 
21 Oct^v 1791. 

vide Commissioner's Report, 1805. Appendix B, No. 92. 



272 THi: DFAllY OF 

ADDITIONAL LETTERS. 

[No address]. 

" Hornsey, Deccmbr. 21st, 1693. 
" Sir, 

I received your's of the 5th instant. I wish I could furnish 
you with any obsei'vations fit to promote tlie laudable design yon 
are employed in, but fear I cannot; however, I shtill tell you 
what I think of the particulars named in your letter. Our 
steeple is indeed a noted sea-mark, but how long it Avill be so 
I know not, for it is very ruinous, and, I fear, this parish not 
able or not willing to repair it. The marr is a mile and an half 
in length, and in one place near a mile in breadth ; it is fed by 
the waters that run into it off the adiovnino; hishor irrounds from 
the north, south, and west ; eastward it runs into the sea, in a 
ditch called the stream dike, when the clow is opened ; there are 
many springs in it also; the so}^ is, in some places, gravelly, in 
others a perfect weedy morass. The water is always fresh. It 
is well replenished with the best pykes, poirches, eles, and other 
fish ; the three named t'ae best and largest that ever I saw or 
tasted. I have taken pykes a yard long, and peirches sixteen 
inches. Nuts hav bin often found in the cliff's and wood at the 
down-gate, at the beck, and other places ; but at the down-gate 
there is, or was very lately, a vein of wood which looks as black 
as if it had been burnt. The beck water, whence the houses are 
so called, comes from a ditch betwin the east feild and a pasture 
caird the leys, and emptys itself into the stream dike, about 
twenty yards off the cIom-, which is not abov a stone cast, or 
little more, from the houses called the Hornsey Beck. I had 
almost forgot to add that there are three hills (islands we call 
them) in the marr, two of them, at the season of the year, are 
so full of tern-eggs and birds as can be imagined. A man must 
be very careful if he tread not on them. I can say nothing of 
Albrough. Bridlington, I think, is taken notice of by Cambden, for 
the priory ; part of its church is now the parish church. The 
best and largest collection of old coyns that ever I saw Avas that of 
my good friend's Mr. Alderman Elcock,"late of York. I suppose 

» When Thoresby was at York 2G April, 1633, he dined at Alderman 
Elcock's, and spent the rest o£ the day in perusing his collection of Komau 
coins and modern medals. — Diar;/, vol. i, p. Ilj5. And, on the 5th Sept. follow- 
ing;, he " had Alderman Elcock's (of York) company viewing Roman coins and 
autiquitifs."' — iJiarij, ii. Appendix, 420. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME, 273 

his son, Mr. Alexius Elcock, hath tliem yet, and I dare say he 
will be ready to conuiinnlcate them, but it is probable he may 
hay bin consulted in this husines. I hav bin told that wood (and 
I think nuts too), hav l»in dioged out of Armell or Ryston carr, 
not abov afoot deep from the swarth ; but that is so ordinary 
that I suppose it nuist be taken notice of elsewhere, particularly 
about the Lev^els in Yorkshire and Lincolnshire. This, sir, is all 
I can think on in answer to your's. I expect to be at Hull about 
three weeks hence, and, if you hav not made your return before, 
shall explain to you, if you liv there, anything I haye writt, if 
there be" need, and it may be useful, which you may better judg 
of than I can do. One thing more : I hav bin told long ago, by 
one that could know it, that Mr. Smales, of Preston, had a 
catalogue of many towns in Holdcrncss now swallowed by the 
sea; his daughter, Mrs. Saunders, lives there now. It may be 
she, or Mr. Joseph Stor, of Hilston (who was, I think, his dark), 
may help you to it. If any, or all of this be impertinent, I beg 
your pardon. I would, if I could, willingly sery you, or any 
industrious person, in such an affair. 

" Your very humble servant, 

'' W. Lambert." 

Francis Elcock, mercer and G;rocer, was chamberlain in 1(554 ; on Dec. 31st, 
1673, he was elected aldennau vice Thomas Bawtry, deceased, and in 1677 filled 
the office of Lord Mayor. In August, 1685, he (with four others) was displaced 
by the king, and died October 2Gth in the following year, aged 65, being buried 
in the little chapel, on the north side of Christ Church, Oct. 28th. His will 
(which has not occurred to me) bears date Dec. 24, 1684. — Alderman Francis 
Elcock married, 1st, Sarah, daughter of Nicholas Arlush, gent., of Knedlington, 
CO. York. She was buried at the above church, 21 Oct., 1653 ; 2ndly, Aug. 
14th, 1655, at St. John's, Beverley, Sarah, daughter of Christopher Ridley, esq., 
of Beverley. She was buried " in the clositt" at Christ Church, 24 Feb., 1699- 
1700. At this church, Alexius, [only surviving] son of Mr. Francis Elcock, 
grocer, was baptized Aug. 15, 1659. He married Margaret, eldest daughter of 
VVm. Weddell, esq., of Earswick, near York, (by Margaret, 2nd daughter of Sir 
AVra. Robinson, Knight, Alderman of York), by whom he had (with other 
issue) Richard, baptized at Christ Church, April 10, 1692. This Richard Elcock 
married (settlements dated 14 January, 1714) his cousin, Barbara Tomlinson, 
daughter of Joseph Tomlinson, apothecary, York, (by Dorothy, 4th daughter of 
the above-mentioned Wm. Weddell, esq.), and assumed the surname of Weddell, 
pursuant to the will (dated 7 May, 1747) of his uncle. Thos. Weddell, esq., who 
bequeathed to him the greater part of his estates. Thomas Elcock, eldest son 
of the above Richard and Barbara, died s. p. in 1756. William, the younger 
son, assumed the name of Weddell, and married in 1771, Elizabeth, daughter 
of Sir John Ramsden, Bart., of Byrara, but died s. p. in 1792, and was buried 
at Newby. I omitted to say that the above Alexius Elcock was buried at Christ 
Church, 22nd April, 1700. His descendants inherited Knedlington, and their 
property descended to their relative, the late Earl de Grey. Alderman Elcock 
gave the clock to Christ Church. In (the so-called) Torre's Antiquities of 
York, his arms are thus blazoned : — ■" Gu. a sallire varrie 0. & B. inter 4 
Cocks O." 

Alexius Elcock, whose will bears date 1 9 Apl, 1 700, does not allude to his coins. 



274 THE DIARY OF 

" Camb[ridge], March the 3d, 1695-6. 

" Honest Ab^., 

I rec[eived] yours, and return you many thanks for your 
kindness in writeing. I am hearty glad to hear you are so welh 
I thank God I am pretty well now. My distemper, I believe, 
was neither pleurisy nor asthma, l)ut a great and inveterate cold, 
which nothing would work upon till I was fomented. I have 
writ you here what you desired out of Pettus and Blowe. I wish 
you a good journey, and wish myself with you there, and should 
be mighty glad if you would give me a short acc[ount] of your 
travells. You need not to have been so fearfidl of troubling (as 
you call it) me. Farther, I should be glad to be so employ'd in 
serving you, it would be iitile didci, so never spare for that reason 
again. Mr. Beimet and sir Tennant are at London this week, 
for orders. Sir Tennant is to be conduct, of K's. Our election 
is not till the 30th of this month ; we look upon sir Lovell, 
Foulkes, and Ayzerly, of our year, to come in 



" From thence we went to Eldon Hole (being on the top of the 
highest hill in the peak flforest), which Ave computed to be above 

an long, and more than one hundred broad. The 

bottom (as 'twas told us), not to be fathomed ; and, by pry- 
ing, I had certainly fall'n into it (for the ground is slippery), if I 
had not been caught hold of. 

'' But sir Tho[mas] Bendish, with whom I travail'd, espying 
some workmen makeing of walls, for there, and in other stony 
countryes, they make their inclosures of loose stones or slates, 
instead of which, in Suffolk, Norfolk, etc., they make ditches, 
and plant them with quicksetts on the sides of the banks ; but 
in Devonshire they use high mounds of earth and flag, and plant 
them upon the very top of the mounds, and both are beneficial 
fences by their products, whereas those walls afford none ; but 
he, resolving to try some experiment, did ride to them, and, by 
our generous promises, perswaded three of them, with their 
pickaxes and tools, to mount behind us to the holes, where first 
they digged a pretty large stone, which we tumbled in, and the 
noise of its motion pleased us. Then they digged a second stone, 
as much as six of us could well roul in, (for the mouth of the hole 
was declineing), and presently laid our ears to the ground, and 
we could tell eight score distinctly before the noyse of its motion 
ceased, and then, to our apprehension, it seemed to plunge itself 
into water ; and so we tryed a third stone, of more than the for- 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 275 

mer magnitude, with tlie like observations, Avliich pleased the 
labourerSj with the addition of our gratuity." 

"From whence we went to Buxton's well, hatlied ourselves 
that night, and the next morning (of which 1 shall speak more 

in the word water), we went to the Devil's of Bake, 

where we saw a large in the bottom of a steep hill, on 

the top of which stood an ancient decayed castle (of which you 
may read in Camhdens Britannia). We had candles, and saw 
as much as we could till we were hindered by running streams. 
Now, of these two holes there are many famous storyes, but, 
some years after, upon viewing other mines, and their shafts and 
andils to them, I apprehended that this Eldon Hole was an 
ancient shaft (made in the Romans' time), to a mine, and that 

the Devill's A was the mouth of an andil to it . . and 

I am the rather of that opinion because I conceive that the levell 
of the water, which stopt our further passage into that andil or 

fimdament of the mine, is level with the water at the of 

Eldon Hole, and the word i^^'\7 be applyed on two 

accounts, first, that upon a mistake of the word for the 

Latin word m-s, or art, where the Romans, when they brought 
out their oars of lead, and probably made silver of it, and did 
thereby shew their ars metallica, which the British, not beino- 
latinized, called Ars, and as an art which they did not mider- 
stand, they (as the vulgar do yet) attribute it to the devill, and 

so called the Devil's , or ars diabolica. Or, it mioht come 

from arce, the ablative of arx., a castle, and probably this 
castle was originally built to defend the treasure which came out 
of the hole under it, or to keep the miners in awe (there being 
the like castles at the Roman mines, on the Darren hills, in 
Wales), and possibly the governour of it being severe in his 
duty, the vulgar (as they are apt) might call him and it Diaboli 
arx, and since, opprobriously, the Devill's 

" Here my friend interrupted me, and asked how Eldon Hole 
(from the usuall proportion of a shaft) came to be so large. I 
answer'd that Gutta cavat lapidem, and if one drop by often 
cadency will make an hole in a stone, it is easy to be credited 
that the fall of clouds of waters (from the time that this was a 
shaft, being about two thousand years), might well widen it from 

» Thoresby had been at this place a few years earlier. 22 July, 1C81, he 
says, " Came by Eldon hole, which is indeed of a huge wideness, exceeding 
steep, and of a marvellous depth, into which ] throwing a large stone it fell 
from one rock or partition as it were to another, with a great thundering noise 
for a pretty considerable time. Speed saith that waters trickling down from 
the roof of it congeal into stones." — Dianj, i., 1)2. 



276 THE DIARY OF 

Viro-ill's dimension, of three nlnas, yards, or ells square (for T 
conceive he meant the shaft of a mine), to this great dimension ; 
at which he smiled. 

" Blome, Derbyshire. 

'• The Bake abonnds with lead, and not without veins of anti- 
mony, quarries of millstones and whetstones, wherein are divers 
strange things, or rather wonders to be seen, as the Devill's 
. . . Eldon Hole, and Pool's Hole ; the chief wonder is the 
vastness of the height, length and depth of those caves, and the 
strange irregularityes of the rocks within the VN^ater that comes 

from the Devill's , which is said to ebb and flow as doth 

the ebbing and flowing well not far distant. In Pool's Hole the 
water falling down is congealed to a kind of wliite, brittle, shin- 
ing stone. 

•' I consulted the word waters, which sir John Pettus refers 
to above, but fovmd nothing under about the Peake, or like it. 

" Philip Pryme, gent, of Normanton, in Derbyshire. I look't 
in the map and found on town of that name about three miles 
south of Derby itself. 

'' . . . . and it may be you may go before you receive 
this (which I would not . . . first, tho' I doubt docs not 
answer your expectations). 

" Honest Ab 

"Your 



" (Addressed). For the Pevd. Mr. Abra. Pryme. minister of 
Broughton-by-Brige, in Lincolnsliire, by way of Lincoln. Post 
paid 2d. at Cambridge." 

" Cambridge, July the 18th, 1696. 
''Honest Abraham, 

Irec[eived] both your's, and humbly beg your pardon for 
my fault, but 'tis no wonder all your charms and powers could 

not me, for it was impossible to find me out. I am now got 

here again. I came but on Thursday, and this is the first oppor- 
tunity since of wa'iteing. I know not how long I shall continue 
here, for I think of xroing into orders this next time, and then 
will exercise myself where I could light on, till further oppor- 
tunity ; and I wish heartily it might be my fortune to come near 
you. You tempt me very much in telling me what great live- 
ings you have, and I am mighty glad to hear your fortune is so 
good ; and I will assure you, if I go to York (which I know not 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 277 

when 'twill be), I Avill certainly call upon you. And now to 
tell you of my travells. It were enough to say I have Ijeen in 
most places about London, for it would cost a man some years to 
know all. I took a turn over to Green [wich?] where I saw the 
fine park, the k[ino] and q[ueen's] houses, Mr. Flamstead's 
house,'' where he makes all his astronomicall observations, which 
was all very fine. From thence by Blackwall, and famous ship, 
where we saw severall great mercha?its and men of war, as also 
all the way from London bridge to Deptford, to the number of 
severall thousands, I believe ; we went by Woolwich, and severall 
other little places on the Thames. We passed by many great 
ships, men of war, and were call'd aboard one (for they searched 
our barge for seamen) ; at last we came to Gravesend, a good 
close little town, and over against that Tilbury fort ; its strength 
lyes most in ditches and palisades, so that it makes no great 
shew at a distance, except on pretty large round tower, where 
there is, on great days, the royal standard display'd, which wo 
saw. All ships are to touch there, on account of the custome, 
before they pass, which one refuseing lately was shot at, and 
presently disabled, and so taken. I saw severall men of war, 
Dutch and English, and other great ships, as East Indiamen, 
etc. ; and it was very pretty, when one came in, to see her fire 
her guns, and the others answer her, and, after all, the fort. It 
looks mighty pretty to see them spit fire and smoake on both 
sides : and 'tis no wonder thev are blinded in sea fifjhts, where 
there are so many, and the sport so hot, since, after the fireing 
of but half a dozen guns in on ship, she is so clouded with 
smoak as I could not see her scarce in ^ quarter of an hour ; 
and I saw the guns spit their fire, I believe, a full minute from 
the crack. I saw there, one evening, when the sun shone very 
bright, from an hill, two or three hundred large ships and colliers, 
under saile all together. 'Twas a fine sight, for they came just 
against the sun, and the full white sayles look't very fine. 'Tis 
a pleasant place, and fine walking in the vast cherry orchards, 
which are all in strait rows, look which way you will, that 'tis 
very pleasant liveing there, only those great guns sometimes, by 
neglect of the gunners, are fired with ball when they should not, 
and sometimes from the ships, that not long ago (but this was 
upon occasion too), they killed ten h[orses?'| in the low grounds 
with endeavouring to sink a ship that was on fire by accident, 

p Thoresby, 14 July, 1714. says he walked into the park, which was most 
pleasant, to the Astronomical House upon the height of all, but missed of Dr. 
Flamstead, the fanious AstroTiomer, wlio was gone to London. — Diary, ii., 236. 



278 THE DIARY OF 

and might have done great damage to the rest, if not .... 
AVe staid there some time, but not without visiting severall 
neighbouring towns for a dose of good nappy ale or wine, when 
the place could afford such. We visited some pai'sons now and 
then, where we might have good bottled ale, for that is theire 
treat, and pipes and tobacco, for I met with none that did not 
smoak, and none met with me when I did not. 'Tis a place 
where there is abundance of chalk and limestones, and many 
huge pits, where there are excellent and curious plants, which we 
sometimes gatliered, for we all pretended a little to that, tho' I 
have forgot since you taught me, I am so ill a scholar. We went 
one day over a fine hill and delicate prospect to Rochester, about 
eio-ht or ten miles, where I saw nothing but an old ruinous castle, 
or rather nothing but mine itself; a poor sorry cathedral (but 
very clean kept, and a good organ) ; and a poor inconsiderable 
citv, hardly so good as Grantham. I believe, too, I have given 
it more than its due. From thence we walk't into Chattam, a 
small tarpaulin town, joyning to Rochester. We saw the king's 
stores and the docks, which are incredible things almost; three or 
four large men of war mending, and the sad scheleton oftheRoyall 
Soveraigne. Here we refi'eshed ourselves with a quart or two 
of indifferent claret, and so took b»oat over the station of the 
grand fleet of the world, when at home, a place rather commod- 
ious than large, for 'tis but a sudden widening of the river Med- 
way for a little space, like a lake, 'tho the river itself 1 take to 
be near a quarter of a mile broad. From thence we came to 
Upner castle, but durst not attempt it, for fear of being soundly 
duck't in punch, which would not have been agreeable in so hot 
weather, and after drinking before too. So we slip't by, and 
came home sober. That was the castle the Dutch passed, when 
they burn't our fleet there, in the late wars. I saw the broken 
chain and bomb that was laid across the river to hinder them, 
but they broke it, and some demon or other had charged all the 
guns in the castle with sand, so the Dutch had litle to do but 
mind their business they came for. I have given you an account 
on that side, now for the other side. Monday morning, 5 o'clock, 
etc., we sayle from Blackfryars staires, so passed by all the city 
of London and Westminster to Lambeth and Chelsey, Cheswick 
and Putney, and other places, which you have either heard of or 
which are not worth your hearing. We came then to Mortlack, 
and there landed ; a small town situate on the Thames. From 
thence we walked two miles, as if we had been in Paradise, to 
Richmond, where we saw an old house, built by John of Gaunt, 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 279 

now called the king's house ; there we went over Richmond 
green, saw the wells and park, which are very fine, and a brave 
prospect from th(! ])ark over to London, on side, and so all about, 
the town is but indifferent. We saw my lord Rochester's house, 
who is ranger of the park, and a great many fine seats of noble- 
men, gentlemen, and merchants of London, and the old lady 
Lauderdale's house, at Ham. Thence we went by Kingstone to 
Hampton Court, where the king's house, queen's dayry, and 
gardens, are the finest things I ever saw, and which would fill 
another sheet to relate, so let it all pass. From thence we went 
to Windsor, where we saw the castle, where we saw things inex- 
pressibly fine, as St. George's Hall and Chappell, the armory, 
king and queen's bed, closets, withdrawing rooms, dressing 
rooms, canopys of state for audience to ambassadours, with the 
chappell or the cathedrall, where hang up all the acheivements 
of the knights of the garter, the vast high terras walks, etc., 'tis 
the finest prospect . ... of you in the world. We saw 
Eaton college and school, not anything fine there ; and so home, 
per varios casus quos nunc prcescnbere longum est. Well, honest 
Abraham, I have writt now 'till I am weary. You must take it 
as it comes in my head, for I took no notes. As to my way of 
living at London, I had good company, German and Dutch 
doctors, travellers, residents,. chy mists, etc., all countrymen, and 
so acquainted, and one brings one in to all three or four nights a 
week at a tavern, but, mind me, not all night. There is all 
languages spoke, Dutch, German, French, Italian, Latin, Greek, 
and I know not what. Pray excuse me any further, at this time, 
and excuse me to the . . Maxwell and Lovell are gone to L'cland. 
" Honest Abraham, let me hear from you. 

" I am your most affectionate ff'riend and servant, 

"R. Read."? 

*' (Addressed). For the Revd. Mr. Abraham Pryme, Minister 
of Broughton-by-Brigg, in Lincolnshire, by way of Lincolne. 
Post paid 3d. at Cambridg." 

1 Robt. Read, son of Clement Read, of York, grocer, by his first wife, and 
grandson of Clement Read, of Buttercrambe, Yorkshire, gentleman, born at 
York, educated at the school there under Mr. Tomlinson, admitted sizar for 
Mr. Hotham, 2 May, 1690, ret. 18, under Mr. Wigley. (See under Headlam). 
B.A. 1695-4 ; M.A. 1697 ; B.D. 1705. On .SI March, 1707, Jo. Perkins was elected 
(adm. I April) to Read's vacant fellowship. Died at York, 2 Dec, 1706. — Note 
in St. John's College Register, vol. 2, at the beginning ; See Hardy's Le Neve, 
iii., 641, 

Clement Read, of York, married, 2ndly, at St. Saviour's, York, 17 Aug., 1686, 
Elizabeth, d. and c. of Roger Wilberfoss, of that city, haberdasher, (SherifE 
1678) by whom he had Roger, baptized 1687, and Wilberfoss Read, who was 
living at Grimthorpe, co. York, in 1754. 



280 THE DIARY OF 

'' From Ipsclen/ Oxfnrd.sL[ire], 

" Near Wallingford, in Berks]i[ire]. 
"Honest Abraliam, 

For so I will still call jou. I am still the same, and 
I hope you will be as free with me, if I may deserve that appel- 
lation. I received your's, with rri-oat joy to hear from my old 
friend ; and who. notwithstanding the longest absence of any of 
my familiars, is the dearest to my memory and higliest in my 
thoughts. Honest Abraham, I thought you had quite forgot me, 
for the ceasing of our correspondence was not my fault, as I 
may conclude from your own wherein you say you received 
my last to you, since which I never had any again ; this made 
me believe you were angry with me, and the reason I thought 
was that I did not answer your request concernino- two folios 
writ by one Butcher, if my memory don't fail me, MS. you 
desired me to epitomise them for you, which I would not have 
refused you, tho' a great task, if I had had the books myself, or 
could have had conveniently those in the library, but at the time, 
if am not mistaken, I had not the use of the library. Besides, 
these are lockt up in the inner study, and not to be lent out. I 
writ you what I cou'd, and I hope you have pardoned what I 
cou'd not, by writeing to me again. Sir Walter Raleigh thought 
himself pardoned by a new commission; tho' he was mis- 
taken, I hope I am not, tho', as he, I cannot at present open 
those mines you desire of me. Honest Abraham, I shou'd have 
been very ready to have served you, if I had been in College, 
but where I am I can not, tho' here is a study of books of the 
old parson's, who was a very learned man, but nothing in that 
way in his study. I believe you know how I come to be here 
from sir Wilkinson, at York, and I suppose he told you I shou'd 
be at College as last Michaelmas, which indeed I did think I 
shou'd, but Mr. Headlam,our present incumbent, is still at York, 
and desires me to stay till he comes. I shou'd have answered 
you sooner, but by the date I perceive your letter had laid a 
great while at College, so 'tis not my fault. I can send you 
nothing from hence but what is in Dr. Plot. I shall be in 
College before Easter, however, so you may command any thing 
I can do this present, if it be not too late, so pray let me know 
and hear from you whilst here. 

"I am your ever most affectionate friend and servant, 

" K Read. 

•■ There is no date to tliis, but being directetl to him at Hull, it would be 
after September l(J'J8. 



ABRAHAM DE LA THYME. 281 

" Write to me, hy London, at the vicarao-e at Ipsden, to be 
left at the George, in Wallcnford, Barksh[ire]. 

" (Addressed). For the Rev. Mr. Abraham Pryme, near tlie 
High Church, in PIull, in Yorlvshire, by London." 

Part of the Draft of a Letter from the Diarist to one 
OF HIS Acquaintance, whose Name is not given. 

l^Sans date. Bound up in Lansdowne MS S., 89 L] 

Right Worshipful Sir, 

Thankfulness is such an indispensible duty that I 
commonly begin all my letters with it, and by this I give you my 
thanks for the favours that I received at your hands the last time 
that I was in your town. I had returned the same to you sooner 
but that this Corporation layd their commands upon me to spend 
all my time in the searching of their records in relation to some 
suits they are going to be involved in. I hear that Mr. Gilby 
was last Sunday at your town, and that he told my brother that 
he'll never go more, and likewise that the liveings are not dis- 
posed of, so that I have yet hopes that God will incline your 
hearts to bestow the same upon me. I am sure that none shall 
more mind his duty, none live more peaceably amongst yon, 
none more faithfully serve you than myself. If you desire any 
furder certificates of my life and conversation I could send you 
several from Mr. Raikes, Min[ister], of Hazil, Mr. Westby, of 
Ranfield, and other of my friends, but I am feard of being too 
troublesome iiuto you. I am infinitely obliged to the honoiu'ed 
Mr. White and his son for their great civilitys unto me, and had 
written unto them if I had had any thing worthy of their cog- 
nizance, to both whome pi'ay present my most humble service 
Avhen you have the happiness to see them. I should be very 
glad to know when you dispose of your liveing, or whether it 
would be well taken if I should come over again. We have 
here the articles of impeachment against the Lord Summers, in 
Dutch, which one of our ships this week brought from Holland, 
a short coppy of which I have here sent you in English, because 
that perhaps you have not seen the same. 

Proposals by way of Contribution, for Writing a Natural 

History of Yorkshire,-" By Jo. Browne, Dr. of Laws 

and Physick. 

First of all, The author proposes to take into consideration 

* The above printed Prospectus is inserted by De la Pryme in the Diary ia 
T 



282 THE DIARY OF 

the disposition of the heavens and temperature of the air in 
respect to the various changes and alterations therein, and first 
the longitude and latitude of the country shall be reckoned in 
respect of London ; likewise the usual salubrity or insalubrity of 
the air, and with what constitutions it agrees better or worse 
than others. 

'2ndly^ The water will be considered, as first rivers, with their 
bigness, course, and inundations, with all the different species of 
plants, insects, and fishes, that are to be found in them; likewise 
lakes, ponds, springs, and especially mineral-waters, as of what 
medicinal use they are of, what sorts of earth they run through, 
their kinds, qualities, and virtues, and how examined. 

dirclly, The earth shall be observed, and first in its self, as to 
its dimentions, situation, figure, or the like, its plain, hills, or 
valleys, with the several kind of soyls that are there, as of clay, 
sand, gravel, &c., what are its products as to minerals, vege- 
tables, or animals; moreover, how all or any of these ai'e or 
may be further improved for the benefit of man. Then 2ndly, 
the inhabitants themselves will be considered, that have been 
long settled there, particularly as to their ingenuity, diet, incli- 
nations, &c., with what improvements of arts have been made in 
those parts of late years; and further, the products of the earth 
will be more nicely examined, with all the peculiarities observable 
therein, as plants, trees, fruits, animals, and insects of all sorts; 
with clays, marles, boles, earths, axungiae, coals, salts, atoms, 
vitriols, sidphers, and all other minerals of what kind soever that 
the earth yields, and to what use they are, or niay be apply'd 
either to meat, physick, or any other kind. 

Athli/, All gentlemen of the same county, that contribute to 
this work, shall have the summ contributed specified, with their 
names, armes, and titles inserted, and more particular descrip- 
tions given of their several houses and families, and exact 



1697, but I have not been able to discover anything relating to the Dr. Browne, 
by whom it was issued. He is not now recognised by antiquarian authorities at 
York. The Mr. [Robert] Clark, Bookseller, occurs at the Angel and Bible, in 
Low Ousegate, 1686, and at the Crown at the Minster Gate, in 1695. He wa3 
also Sheriff of the city in 1690-1. 

There was an author, of the same name, of the following work, of which the 
Eev. Canon Raine has a copy. Was he identical ? 

Adenochoir adclogia ; or, an Anatomich-Chirurgical Treatise of Glaiuhdes 
and Strumaes, or King^s-Evil, Srvellinf/s ; together with the Royal Gift of 
Healing, etc. By John Browne, one of His Majestie's Chirurgeons in Ordinary, 
and Chirurgeon of His Majestie's Hospital. London, 1684, thick Bvo. 

This book contains some curious information as to the touching for the evil, 
and records the numbers touched by Charles II., amounting to 92,107. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 283 

prospects taken of every gentleman's seat that are contributors. 

bthly, All burough towns, towns corporate, and other market 
towns, shall have prospects and particular observations taken, 
with their several towns and respective constitutions faithfully 
described, if they be contributors hereto, for the design is not 
intended a geographical, but Natural Plistory. 

^thly^ The Author proposes to make exact maps of every 
wapentake or hundred, which, with the several other cuts neces- 
sary to be inserted, will take above 150 copper plates; for that 
he has, and further designs to take an impartial survey of all 
towns and places, so that he may impose nothing credulously 
lipon the world from the unexamined traditions of the ancients, 
but true and just observations taken from the natural state of 
things faithfully represented, so that by this means he cannot 
perfect such a vast work without great time and expences. 

Ithlx/, Contributions will be received by Mr. Smith and Mr. 
Walford, at the Princes Arms, in Paul's Church-yard; Mr. 
Bentley, in Coveut Garden; Mr. Bosvile, at the Dial over 
against St. Dunstan's Church in Fleet-street, London ; by Mr. 
dark, Bookseller; and the Author in York, who will give 
receipts to all contributors that their money shall be returned to 
them again, if the undertaking be not finished within 3 years. 

1^" Note. — The design has already received very good 
encouragement from several persons of quality. 

FINIS. 

Pao-e 5. Note. Van Valkenburgh family. Since this 
was printed, I have met with the will of Sir Matthew Van Val- 
kenburgh (or Vaulconburgh, as he writes it), baronet, dated 1st 
May, 1643, and proved in London, 23rd August, 1648. From 
this, we leara that Robert Kay, the Doncaster gentleman, w^ho 
was charged with the riotous conduct alluded to in the note, had 
married Isabella, the widow of Sir M. Van Valkenburgh. It 
seems that Lady Van Valkenburgh was named the sole executrix 
of her husband's said will, but that she had never proved it. 
Indeed, it woidd appear either that a will had not been known 
of, or that it had been, for some reason or other, purposely sup- 
pressed; for, an administration, as in the ordinary case of 
intestacy, had been granted by the court at York to Sir Matthew's 
nephew, Mark Van Valkenburgh, on the 22nd January, 1645. 
Lady Van Valkenburgh's marriage with Kay must have taken 
place not long after the death of her fost husband, Sir Matthew 



28i THE DIARY OF 

Van Valkenburgh (who died in April, 1644), and not long, too, 
before her own decease, which took place so soon after as the 
month of November following. Still, it was not, apparently, 
until the fourth year after her death, that the will of Sir Matthew 
Van Valkenburgh came in for probate, and then the adminis- 
tration was committed to Robert Kay, as the husband of the 
executrix, who, as before observed, had omitted to apply for it. 
Possibly it was under some claim of right arising out of this, 
his then legal position of executor, or administrator with the will 
annexed, that Kay attacked, vi et armis, the house at Middle 
Ings, and forcibly ejected Mark Van Valkenburgh, in the man- 
ner stated. 

Mark Van Valkenburgh, esq., one of the Commissioners of 
Sewers for the Level of Hatfield Chase, appears to have acted as 
their collector and expenditor, he being mentioned, 28th August, 
10 Car., 1635, as having received divers sums of money of the 
Participants, and made several disbursements, and being ordered 
to account "in Englishe " on the 1st of September, at Turn- 
bridge. 

In a MS. note by Mr. Hunter, the author of South Yorkshire, 
etc., he states that in the 21 Car. I., Sir Matthew Valkenburgh, 
bart., was outlawed, together with Sir Cornelius Vermuyden, 
and Sir Philibert Vernatti, knt. and bart., at the suit of Sir 
Arthur Ingram. (The 21st Car. I. was 27th March, 1645— 
26th March, 1646, and Sir Matthew was buried on 4th April, 
1644). 

18 Nov., 1656. Filibert Vandervert surrendered three fish- 
ings in Wrangdon, Wrangdon Hill, one Lodge Hill, whereon a 
lodge lately stood, called Patrick's Lodge, in Midlings, etc., the 
lands late of Mark Vaulkenburgh's, esq., deceased, in Thorne, 
to the use of Roger Tockets, of Tockets, esq., who was admitted 
thereto. 

20 Nov., 1660. Marc Van Valkenburgh, gent., and Anne 
his wife, surrender lands called Low Middlemarsh, lying upon 
Middlemarsh Hill, in the graveship of Thorne, to John Lang- 
with, of Doncaster, gent. 

1675. At the archdeacon's visitation, Hatfield, Mark Van 
Valkenburgh, gent., was presented for not paying his church 
assessment. 

1684. Do. Thorne. Marcus Van Valkenburgh, of Crowle, 
CO. Lincoln, for detaining a legacy of 3/. due to the minister of 
the parish of Thorne. 

At a Court of Sewers, held at Bawtry, 14th September, 1675, 




"(2 M O CO o 






286 THE DIARY OF 

it was ordei-ed that the 90 acres in Durtness of Sir John Antlionj 
Van Valkenburgh's, late in the possession of" James Cressey, be 
let to Jane Anker, widow, at £24 per annum, she paying £9 in 
part of the arrears of scotts, and the remainder as it became due, 
(£5 5s. fee-farm rent being deducted.) On the 16th December, 
1675, Robert Wright petitioned the Court that he might be 
tenant of 64 acres in Beningtack, near Tunnel-pit, the lands of 
Sir J. A. Van Valkenburgh, who is willing the scott thereon 
should be paid out of the rents thereof, and he prayed the Court 
would admit him tenant, he paying the taxes out of his rent. 

Mr. Plunter, speaking of various single houses dispersed, 
through the newly recovered country, on the drainage of Hat- 
field Chase, says {South Y(»'kshire, i., p. 165), "Another good 
house was built, by Matthew Valkenburgh, on the Middle Ing, 
near the Don, which afterwards became the property of the 
Boynton family." Sir John Boynton, in a codicil to his will, 
dated 11th October, 1688, gives to his nephew, William Apple- 
yard, "all the lands I purchased of Mr. Van Valkenburgh." 

Ramsden, page 6. Note. In 1621 Mr. John Ramsden is 
spoken of as "being then the chief merchant" of Hull. 

"1637. In thrs year, the 7th December, died Mr. John 
Ramsden, merchant, and mayor of this town, of the plague, 
who was a pious, learned, and ingenious man, and was can-ied 
by visited people into St. Trinity's church, and there buried in 
the chancel, under a great marble stone, with a long inscription 
thereon. And Mr. Andrew Marvel ventured to give his corpse 
a Christian burial ; and there was preached a most excellent 
funeral sermon to the mournful auditors, which was afterwards 
printed." — De la Pryme's MS. History of Hull. 

1660. William Ramsden was mayor of Hull. At York, 
the name occurs in mercantile circles. William Ramsden, late 
apprentice with Mr. William Ramsden, was admitted to the 
freedom of the Fellowship of Eastland Merchants residing in 
the city of York, 25th December, 1650. George Ramsden, 
son of William Ramsden, late alderman, deceased, the like, 16th 
August, 1661. Charles Fishwiske, 31st March, 1664, John 
Pearson, 21st September, 1669, and John Crofts, 6th May, 1675, 
were severally a})prenticed to Mr. George Ramsden, merchant 
adventurer, and a free brother of the Eastland Company, within 
the city. John Pemberton, 19th June, 1667, John Drake, 26th 
July, 1678, and Joseph Thompson, 31st July, 1G83, the like, to 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 287 

Mr. William Ramsden, of the same fraternity. — Mr. Skaifes 
MS. Collections. 

]n 1631 Anthony Worrall, and Alice his wife, took proceed- 
ings in the Consistory Court of York, against one Henry 
Ramsden, of Hatfield, for attacking the fair fame and good 
character of the said Alice. 

Elizabeth, bap. 17 May, 1635; Henry, bap. 1 -April, 1638; 
Grace, bap. 30 August, 1640; and Francis, bap. 16 February, 
1644-5, occur as children of Henry Ramsden. — Hatfield Parish 
Register. 

Anthony Ramsden, of Woodhouse, buried 6th June, 1669. 
Joseph Ramsden, of the Levels, bur. 23rd July, 1669. Peter 
Ramsden, bur. 14th September, 1634. Richard, son of Henry 
Ramsden, bur. 28th October, 1639. Isabel, wife of Andrew 
Ramsden, bur. 10th May, 1^0.— Ibid. 

The name of Ramsden continued at Norton into the present 
century, there being a monumental inscription in Campsall church 
yard for Edmund Ramsden, late of Norton Priory, interred 
January 1st, 1809, aged 87 years. It is recorded of him that 
he was "a truly pious man, an affectionate friend, a father to the 
fatherless, a helper of the friendless;" and that "His deeds 
were done in love to Him who died to cleanse his soul from sin," 
etc. 

Extracts from the Parish Register of Thorne, relatkg 
TO Floods, [p. 12]. 

1681-2. Mem. A gi-eat flood, with highe winds, did break 
our banks in severall places, and drowned our towne round, upon 
Sunday at night, being January the 15th. 

1682. Mem. Our bankes did break in ye same places, and 
drowned our towne round, upon Thursday, April the 27th. 

1696. Mem. That a great flood came onn very suddenly, 
and the highest that has been known, on Munday, the 13th of 
December, in the night, and on Wednesday the 15th broke our 
bank by Gore stile, and rim over the banks in many places 
besides. 

1700-1. Jan. 18. Mem. That a great flood then came 
down, being Saturday, and broke the banks in the Ashfields, and 
run over in many places besides. 

1706. A memorandum. That on Thursday and Friday, 
being 18th and 19th dales of this inst. July, there was a great 
flood, insomuch that the banke was in great danger. 



288 THE DIARY OF 

P. 27. The Rev. John Sjmon, M.A., Magd. Hall, Oxford, 
1679; rector of Langton, E.R.Y., 29th Marcli, 1G70 till 1689, 
when he refused to take the oath to William and Mary, had three 
sons at a birth, who were baptized and buried the same day, 30th 
November, 1678. 

Thoresby (13th October, 1720), mentions being "at church, 
where were baptized Abraham, Sarah, and Ixebekah, the trimelli 
of Abraham Scholefield, of the Shambles." — Diary^ ii., p. 301. 

Mem. Nov. 3, 1772. On this day, being Tuesday, between 
seven and nine of the clock in the morning, Ann, the wife of 
William Appleyard, of Snaith, was brought to bed of four female 
chikh'en, born alive, but died soon after the birth. William 
WilliamSj vicar. — Snaith Parish Register. 

Descending to our own times, it was announced in the 
Doncaster and Pontefract Neios, 14th July, 1870, that on the 4th 
of that month, the wife of Joseph Drew, of Egborough, a plate- 
layer on the Lancashire and Yorkshire railway, was delivered 
of three full-grown healthy children, one boy and two girls : 
and that Her Majesty's usual gift, on such occasions, of three 
sovereigns, arrived on the Monday following. Tiiese were chris- 
tened together shortly afterwards at Kellington church, and 
were reported to be doing well. 

Page 43, and Note. Curious Names. 

1602-3. Thorne. Feb. 19. Barjona Griffin and Elizabeth 
Mirfield, married. 

1659. Thorne. May 25. Mehitophell Gillara, buried. 

1692. „ Phineas Todd and Filia Clara Redman, 

married. 

1698-9. York, All Saints, Pavement, March 9, Moddoracion, 
wife of John Lupton, buried. 

1703-4. Fishlake. Feb. 16, Misericordia Todd, buried. 

1799. RawcliflFe. July 20, Laus Deo Langdale Gent, buried. 

1680. Pontefract. Nebuchadnezzar Tod, living, 

Page 56. Witchcraft and Sorcery. 

Doncaster. Depositions against Joan Jurdie, wife of Leonard 
Jurdie, of Rossington, were taken before Hugh Childcrs, Mayor, 
Sir John Feme, knt. Recorder, etc., on the 6th February, second 
James I., 1604-5, the 18th April, and the 16th and 18th October, 
third James I., 1605 ; and at the Borough Sessions she was 
indicted for having on the 10th April, sixth James L, 1608, 
feloniously practised witchcraft and sorcery upon Hester Dolphin, 



ABRAHAM DE LA PKYME. 289 

and on tlie 5(11 June, same year, upon Jane Dolphin, the dauo-hter 
of Wm. Dolphin ; also, the like upon George Murfin, son of Peter 
Murfin, on the 27th Septeniher following. These persons are 
severally alleged hy the Grand Jury, upon their oaths, to have 
died from the effects of her wicked arts. 

1623. At the Sessions, Jane Blomeley, widow, was indicted 
for having on the 25th June, twenty-first Jac. I., and on divers 
other days, feloniously practised and exercised certain detestable 
arts, called witchcraft and sorcery, iipon Frances the wife of 
Marmaduke Craven, of Doncaster, yeoman ; by which arts the 
said Frances, from the said 20th June to the 30th of the same 
month, dangerously and mortally sickened and languished, and 
on the 30th died ; and the jurors presented that the said Jane 
Blomeley ex malicidsiidprecogitata, volwitariter, diaholice, nequiter, 
et felonice^ per artes prcedictas, occidit acinierfecit the said Frances 
Craven. She was buried on the 1st July, 1623. 

1640. Roos. John Curteis, for going to a witch in time of 
his sickness, to seek a remedy. Confessed his wife did go to one 
suspected to be a wizard, to enquire of the recovery of a child. 

1682. At the archdeacon of York's visitation, Spofforth, 
CO. York, Herny Wheelhouse, of Linton, presented, for going to 
a sorcerer to enquire after some stolen goods. 

Archdeacon's Vis. E.R., 1688. Kirkby Grindalyth. Thomas 
Robinson, for resorting to a sorcei'er, to consult him in order to 
his health. 

Page 60. Beharrel. An Abraham Beharell occurs as a 
witness to the will of Charles Prime, the first of the family at 
Hatfield, 27th December, 1669. {^ee Abstracts of Wills). To 
those interested in the name, the following may be useful. 

Margaret Beharrel, widow, bur. 6th Feb., 1731-2. Holy 
Trinity,^ Hull. 

John Beharrel, bur. 24th Jan., 1653-4. Thorne. 

Isaac, son of Isaac Beharrel, bap. 5th Dec, 1669. Hatfield. 

Isaac Beharrel, and Jane Dearman, married, 28th Nov., 1666. 
Hatfield. 

Elizabeth, wife of Abraham Beharrel, bur. 11th, May, 1668. 
Hatfield. 

1691. Nov. 30. Joseph, son of Mr. Abraham Beliarrellj 
bap. Waghen. 

1702. July 12. Abraham, son of Samuel Beharrell, bap. 

1708. Dec. 22. Jacob, son of Jacob Beharrel, bap. Bur. 
8th April, 1733. 



290 THE DIARY OF 

1686-7. Jan. 20. Mrs. Jane Beharrell, widow, bur. 

1691. Oct. 6. Mr. Abraham Beharrel, bur. 

1696. April 14. Isaac Beharrell, bur. 

1714. April 6. Mr. David Beharrell, bur. 

St. Martin's, Micklegate, York. John Beharrell, of Snaith, 
and Rachel Gooben, married, 26th May, 1729. 

In St. John's church, Peterborough, are memorials of 
Abraham Beharrel, gent., who died 20th March, 1765, aged 49. 
Elizabeth, his wife, 19th June, 1807, aged 83. Rebecca B., 
spinster, 2nd ISTov., 1830, aged 79. Ann B., spinster, her sister, 
5th August, 1837, aged 83. 

Ratsdale, page 95. This is Rochdale. In the History of 
Roche Abbey, by Dr. Aveling, 1870, p. 134, is a notice of a 
royal grant, of the 35th Henry VIII., to Ai'thur Assheton, of 
estates of the late monastery of Roche Abbey. Amongst these 
is a tenement in Saddleworth, in the parish of Ryche Dale, 
otherwise Rattesdale. 

Page 102. PoRTlNGTON. {From De la Pryme's MS. History 
of Hatfield. Lansdoime MS., 897, p. 205-206). Be it remem- 
bred that the pious and good Charles the First, with many of 
his nobles, in a jorney that they were in out of the south, came 
from Rossington briggs unto Armethorp, drunk there at a land- 
lady's that kept an alehouse, by the gravel-pit side ; from thence 
they went to Hatfield and Thorn ; and so by the guide and con- 
duct of one old Mr. Canby (unkle to Mr. Edw. Canby, of this 
town), an old officer in the late Chace, was led over John-a- 
more Long to Whitgift ferry, and from thence went to Beverley. 

The same most excellent king, also, in a jorney from Beverley 
to Nottingham, where he set up his standard, came over at the 
aforesayd ferry of Whitgift to Gool, and so along the great banks 
into this town ; call'd and drunk at an alehouse at the north end 
thereof; pass'd quite through the same, and so through the 
Levels, with design to go through the Isle into Gainsbrow, but 
being got to Santoft, where a guard was kept by the Islemen 
against the king's party then at Hatfield under Robin Porting- 
ton, who, as soon as they saw a great number comeing against 
them, all fledd ; the king, learning there that the Isle were all in 
armes against them, turn'd his course, and went down the great 
bank on the right hand, and so to a place called Bull Hassoks ; 
and leaveing Haxey, and all the Isle on the left hand, passed 
onwards to Stockwith, and so to Gainsburrow, whence to Lincoln, 
and thence to Nottingham. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 291 

When the commission of array came out, Sir Ralf Hansby 

and were appointed to sit thereupon, upon Scausbj 

Leys, beyond Doncaster, and to summon and hst all men that 
could be spared in all the country round, upon which, above half 
of the inhabitants of this mannor appear'd and offer'd themselves, 
with their lives and fortunes, to serve the king. 

When the king's party took Leeds, in which siege Robin, 
Roger, and Henry Portington did great service, all this lordship 
was summon'd into work at the fortifying of the town, where 
one Pool, of Thorn, got a rich booty upon the defeat of a party 
of the enemy. 

Oliver Cromwell, that gi-eat rebel and villane, marched through 
Hatfield and Thorn, with several companys of horse, into the 
north, and came the same way back. 

Page 1 04. "I shall ne'er go the sooner to the Stygian Ferry." 
The words occur in the well-known duet, by Travers, 1725-175S, 
(author of "I, my clear, was born to-day;" and "Haste, my 
Nanette.") Query. The words are older than Travers — are 
they by Prior ? 

Old Chiron thus said to his pupil, Achilles : 
" I'll tell you, young gentleman, what the gods' will is : 
You, my boy, must go — 

The gods will have it so — to the siege of Troy, 
Upon those fields to be slain, 
Thence never to return to Greece again. 
But drink and be merry, 
You'll ne'er go the sooner (his) to the Stygian Ferry." 

■ Page 114. De la Prn/me's MS. Histoinj of Hatfield is com- 
prized within Lansdoione MSS., 897, Brit. Mus., and contains 
about 315 folio pages, all written very legibly in the author's 
own hand. Bound up with it is a copy of notes relating to Hat- 
field, Fishlake, and Barnby Don churches, by Torre, taken from 
his MSS. in the Dean and Chapter's Register at York, in August, 
1724, by J. Warburton, Somerset Herald. There are also included 
within it an old map of Hatfield Chase, "suruayed in the year 
1633, by mee Josias Aerlebout," (since engraved and published in 
Stonehouse's History of the Isle ofAxholme) ; a " South-east Prospect 
of Hatfield Manor;" a "Bill of all the Names of Freeholders 
within the liberty of Howdenshire that hath 40s. per annum and 
above ; " "the South-east Prospect of flatfield Church ; " " the 
South Prospect of Thorn;" "the South-west Prospect of Fish- 



292 THE DIARY OF 

lake Village" (shewing the houses of Mr. Simpson and Mr. 
Perkins) "Barnby Dunn, the seat of Roger Gregory, esq., to 
the south;" and a north-east prospect of the same, as " the seat of 
Roger Portington, esq." 

Additional Notes concerning the Quakers.' [pp. 141-143.] 

1695. Archdeacon of York's Visitation. Presentments. 
Hatfield. Christian Middlebrooke, and Thomas Lee, esquire, for 
not paying their assessment. 

1664. Thorne. Christian Middlebrooke and his wife for not 
being mariyed according to law. 

1667. Arksey. Samuel Barlow, and Mary his wife, quakers, 
for keeping two of his children unbaptized. 

1667. Snaith. Magdalen Dawney, John Dawney, and Susanna 
Dawney, for not coming to church, being quakers. 

[Paul Dawney, son of Robert Dawney, of Pollington, was 
bap. at Snaith, 28th January, 1613-4; his sister, Susan, 29th 
September, 1618 ; his son, Richard, 16th July, 1640. Magdalen 
Dawney was bur. 5th November, 1679]. 

1669. Batley. William Watson, for despiseing the booke of 
common prayer, and the homylyes, together with those that read 
them, protesting that he would rather hear a song of Robin 
Hood. 

Archbishop of Yorlcs Visitation. 

1674. Thorne. Thomas Middlebrooke, senior, for with- 
holding a close called Svvanland, in Thorne, from the church. 

Hatfield. Jacob, John, and Isaac, sons of Isaac De Cow, 
for being unbaptized. Isaac De Cow, for keeping his children 
unbaptized. 

Drax. Abraham Decowe, and Sarah his wife, and Jane 
Decowe, for not coming to church. 

Archdeacon s Visitation. 

1680. Addingham. Edward Dodgson, for refusing to bring 
his dead to the church to be buried, but burying it in a place 
called a sepulchre. 

Pontefract. Nebuchadnezzar Tod, for not coming to church. 

1683. York, St. Mary's, BIshophill senior. Thomas Fox, 
who boasted that ho had been att a himdred conventicles. 

' From the collections of the Revel. C. B. NorclifEe, who has ohligingly 
communicated several other pieces of information. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 293 

Archdeacon of East Riding^ s Visitation. 

1G75. Owthorne. Stephen Eiles, for suffering his winde-mill 
to crrinde upon Easter Sunday. 

1(J77. Owthorne. Joanna Mare, widow, for dispraceing the 
common prayer, and calling itt witchcraft, and not paying her 
church taxes. 

1665. Flambrough. Thomas Rickaby, senior, master and 
mariner, of Bridlington Key, and Timothy Preston, woollen 
draper, for keeping their hatts on in sermon tyme, upon the 29th 
of January. 

RilHngton. William Trambe, brewster, for not standing upp 
att the Creed and the Gloina Fatri, and for not kneelinge at the 
Lord's Prayer. 

1670. Hollym. Peter Johnson, for keeping his two sons, 
John and Isaac, unbaptized, and his daughter Rebecca also un- 
baptized. 

Sherburn. George Owston, for a frequent goer to Quaker 
meetings, and for shuttinge the church doore upon the parishion- 
ers, taking away the key, and tying upp the bell-rope. 

1675. Hedon. Timothy Rhodes, for drinking in time of divine 
service, and playing at cards on Christmas Day. 

Page 193. De la Pryme's account of Doncaster consists of 
about" ten folio pages in Lansdowne MSS., 898, British Museum. 
Sundry matters are bound up with it, such as a letter from 
from Ralph Thoresby, of Leeds, dated 8th November, 1703, 
accompanying a transcript from Leland''s Itinerary of what 
relates to Doncaster and the neighbourhood. There are also a 
map of the west-riding of Yorkshire, performed by Johan 
Speede, 1610; a map of twenty miles round Leeds, dedicated 
by Mr. John Boulter to the inhabitants and others of that place ; 
a pen and ink sketch of the east prospect of Selby ; an unfinished 
one of the south-east of Escrick Hall, the seat of Beilby Thomp- 
son, esq. ; several old engraved views of seats of gentry, such as 
Sprotburgh, Sir Godfrey Copley's ; Tong, Sir Geo. Tempest's ; 
■Whixley,"Chr. Tancred's, esq. ; Swillington, William Lowther's, 
seq. ; Great Ribston, Sir Henry Goodrick's ; Newby, Sir Edwd. 
Blackett's, hart. ; Temple Newsam, Viscount Irwin's : with "pros- 
pects " of the towns of Leeds and Wakefield, by Buck, etc. The 
account of Doncaster has been evidently submitted to Dr. John- 
ston, as it bears upon it remarks in his handwriting. All or 
most of the information it contains has become embodied in the 
several printed works relating to the town, which renders it 



294 THE DIARY OF 

scarcely necessary to reproduce it. After giving an account of 
the former church of St. Greorge (unhappily destroyed by fire on 
the 28th February, 185o"), he appears to have taken a stroll 
through the town, upon which the following may, perhaps, serve 
as a specimen of the remarks he has recorded. 

Near this church, in some of the old buildings, is yet to be seen the ruins 
of the old castle, which the Romans built when they remained here ; from 
which castle this town derives its name. 

On the east side of this church, bourdering upon the church yard, is a larg 
old sacred building, of the bigness of a larg chaijpel, now used by the tanners. 
I take it to have been a great chantery. 

Furder southwards, in the town, stands the nave and chancel of a great 
church called St. Mary Magdalen's, (which was formerly a chappel, but was 
made a parochial church afterwards.) The two isles, both on the north and 
south sides, were pull'd down, and now the arches are wall'd up, and this great 
sacred building is now most wickedly and sacrilegious[ly] apply'd to secular 
uses." In the church or chappel yard about it is commonly digg'd up men's 
bones, and sculls, and gravestones with old Saxon letters on, etc. 

Going furder on, we come to the south-east end of the town. The first 
thing observable there is a great cross, commonly call'd the Hall Cress,"' standing 
a great height. Before the pillar for the crosses begins to arise, the pillar is 
made thus [sketch], with four round pillars running up the sides of it. I find 
that it is cemented together with oyster shells, for between every stone there is 
planely visible oister shells, some of them whole. Upon the top of this pillar, 
before Cromwell's days, there stood five curious gilt crosses, a great height, 
which the rogues in his time did most wickedly shoot down, and were resolv'd 
to pull the whole building down to the ground, but could not. About ... years 
ago, when Mr. William Pattison was mayor,^ he caused this cross to be repair'd, 
and a ball and fane set upon the top thereof ; and as they were viewing the 
pillar very narrowly, and rubbing tlie moss of that was grown thereon, he dis- 
cover'd several old Roman letters, containing an inscription round the pillar, 
in great letters, which he caused to be clensed and gilt with gold, which in- 
scription is this : — [-[-], ICEST -EST LA - CRVICE - OTE-D-TILLI - A - KI - ALME 
DEV EN FACE MERCi. AMEN. XI. xil.,^ which I take to mean thus : Here 
is the cross of Otto de Tilly, unto whorae God shew mercy. Amen. 

" See The Hixtonj and Description of St. Ocorrje's Church at Doncaater, 
destroyed by fire Feb. 28th, 1853, by John Edward Jackson, M.A., of Brazenose 
College, Oxford, rector of Leigh Delamere, and vicar of Norton, co. Wilts. 
London, 1855. 

" It had been converted into a Town Hall, and a portion of the lower part 
of it was used as the Grammar School. In 18-1G-7 it was taken down for the 
purpose of making some new arrangements for market purposes, when a very 
interesting discovery of the ruins of the old church of St. Mary Magdalen took 
place, a history of which, with several illustrations, was compiled by the Rev. 
J. E. Jackson, M.A., in 1853. 

^ See Miller, pp. 31-33 ; Wainnright. p. 60 ; Hunter's South Yorkshire, 
i.,j>. 10; Jackson's St. Oeorge's C/rarc/i, appendix, Ixxxix. Entirely removed 
in 1792, and a very indifferent substitute erected on Hob Cross, or Hall Cross 
Hill. 

^ Wm. Patterson, elected 26th Septero.ber, 1G78. 

y The numeral figures are believed not to have been on the cross itself, but 
merely on the margin of an old painting of it, belonging to R. Thoresby, of 
Leeds, from which an engraving was made by G. Vertue in 1753, where they were 
set as a memorandum of the hours at which the sua traversed the dial which 
was set thereon. 




OTHO DE TILLI'S, OR THE HALL CROSS, DONCASTER, 
IN 1G7S. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 295 

Or, perhaps tlius, if etre may be understood, which is most probable : — Here 
lyes under this cross Otto de Tilly, on whose soul good God have mercy. 

What the following figures should mean I cannot tell, unless it be eleven 
hundred, 12 and I, that is 1113. 

On tiie ritiht hand, over against this cross, is an old house with old 
cherubims' lieads, angels, etc., where Mr. Pattison lives,- which was a great 
religious house in days of old, call'd a gild or hall, purposely designed for the 
lodgment and entertainment of all pilgryms in their travels. There was another 
of these halls down the street, allmost at the far end of the town, by the brigg, 
for the same purpose." 

About the middle way down the street from the aforesaid great cross, on 
the left hand, is to be seen in the walls the ruins of the White Friars, a great 
Priory.* There is yet good gardens within, and the walls encompass the same 
all on the backside, as they did before its destruction. Over the gate that comes 
in on the back side is engraven, in very old characters, these words, with an 
odd sort of a coat of arms between the words, thus : — 

E Th : Prior 

Anno Do: 1515. 

Going on thus from this door, all along on the backside, wee come to a gate 
called St. Pulcher's gate, which is now not onely a gate, but a prison also: but 
in former times this gate and prison was a stately chappel, built by the monks 
of the White Friery aforesayd, upon which it almost joyns; for it was a common 
thing in time of popery, not onely to build a chappel by every gate of every 
great town, and make the passage through the chappel, and to adorn all the 
inside of the chappel gate with images of the saints, etc., for to invite and begg 
of the enterers in unto the town, or the goers out, to bestow some thing upon 
the poor monks of such or such an order, for if they were never so rich yet 
they always pleaded poverty. And then, another piece of cunning they had 
herein to save and preserve the town from enemys, for as when a town is 
besieged the chief efforts are made against the gates thereof, so the enemy 
seeing that these were hallowed gates, sanctifyed entrances into the town, 
through and belonging to a holy chappel, which whoever violated was curs'd, 
therefore nobody would, in them dark times, assault a town here, so that they 
were a great safety to those places that had such chappel gates. This sayd 

- Hall Cross House, purchased and much altered, in 1811, by John Branson, 
esq., who had the honour of entertaining here her present majesty, when 
Princess Victoria, on her visit to Doncaster races, from Wentworth house, 15th 
September, 1835. Thomas Walker, esq., afterwards purchased it, and resided 
here. It is now occupied by the Rev. Wm. Gurney, M.A., head master of the 
grammar school. 

" " Such," says the Rev. J. E. Jackson {History of St. Oeorge's Church, 
Ixxxviii.), "appears to have been the standard history of almost every old house 
in De la Pryme's days. But whatever Hall Cross House may have been, this was 
certainly not the case with the other." The latter stands at the northern end 
of St. Mary's bridge, in the parish of Arksey, and was for some time the resi- 
dence of a family of Wildbore. Edmund Wildbore, gent., "ad pedem pontis," 
died 26th April, 169-1. His arms, carved in stone (a fess charged with a trefoil 
betw. two wild boars passant, crest, a boar's head erased), and dated 1690, were, 
until within a few years ago, to be seen fi.xed over the door of a building in the 
garden at the rear of the premises. The shield is now in my possession. Mrs. 
Mary Cooke, widow, first of John Battle, esq., of Warmsworth, and secondly, 
of George Cooke, esq., was living here when she made her will, 1st June, 1764, 
being there described of Bridge house, in the parish of Arksey. She died 22nd 
May, 1775. and was buried at Warmsworth. 

* The house of the Carmelites, or White Friars, stood in that part of Hall 
gate which is now called High-street, or rather, it occupied the site of land now 



296 THE DIARY OF 

cli[apel] was dedicated to St. Pulcheria."^ 

From the aforesayd gate south-westward, in the street going towards Balljy, 
is to be seen the ruins of a larg and once stately chappel dedicated to bt. 
James, all now in rubish. 

Returning therefore again, and going through St. Pulcher's chappel gate, 
and so into the High-street, and turning down unto the river, there ha.s, before 
you come thereat, hQen some religious places, but what they were cannot now 
be known. 

Comeing to the river there is an excellent stone brigg over the same, of a 
great height from the water, but for all that it is so high the water was this 
winter higher than it, and drive many of the battlement stones off, (and has 
quite broke down the famous great stone bridge at Tadcaster.) 

As soon as you are pass'd over this Doncaster first bridge, in a great green 
close on the right hand, stood in former times the famous monastry of Black 
Friars,"*' (at which, as I remember, Cardinal Wolsey lodg'd in his jorriey from 
Cawood to Leicester, where he dy'd,) but now there [is] nothing to see. Furder 
on yet you come to another bridge, which has formerly had a large chappel, 
over and besides the same, dedicated to St. James, most of which chappel is yet 
standing, and is now becora a dwelling-house. In the gate is nitches where the 
12 apostles stood, which were but puU'd down in Cromwell's days ; and into 
the chappel was a door and several open places, like windows, for the monk 
that was appointed to watch to gather alms, to see when people came through. 

Upon this river stands a water mill belonging to Doncaster, as built at their 
joint charge, which [is] one of the fines[t] in England, and is about one 
hundred pound a year. 

On the left side of the way, just having got over the bridge, stands a famous 
old cross, of curious excellent workmanship, with nitches for three images to 
stand in.' 

Furder on, beyond this, stands on the righ[t] hand a gentleman's house, 
which was formerly a great hall for the entertainment of pilgrims, as the[rej 
was anotlier at the other end of the town, as I observed before. 

Furder on, beyond this, on the left hand, stands the ruin of a hermitage,-^ 



covered by the Mansion House, the Ram Inn, and other house property, inter- 
sected by Priory-place, and extending to Printing-office street. The great gate 
house stood over against the south-west end of Scot-lane. After the dissolution, 
there was here a capital messuage or mansion called the New Building. JMary, 
Viscountess Carlingford, wife of Barnham Swift, Viscount Carlingford, and 
daughter of the Earl of Dumfries, resided here. King Charles I. dined with 
her, in one of his journies through Doncaster, and planted a pear tree in the 
garden. Part of this royal memorial was blown down by a violent storm, 18th 
September, 1809, but the rest of it [quam scope vldi), stood till the latter end of 
1841. 

' See Hunter, [South Yoj-ksJiii-e, i.,Tp. 17,) who observes that "it is too much 
to invent a chapel to explain a name. There is a total absence of proof of any 
chapel of St. Pulcheria, and the name of [St.] Sepulchre-gate existed before 
the house of Carmelites." 

'' Probably the grey friars. Though Burton says that a house of Dom- 
inicans, or black friars, was founded at Doncaster, in the reign of Edward II., 
etc. Hunter considers that " it is nevertheless doubtful whether such a house 
ever existed." — South Yorkshire, i., p. 19. 

' See representation of it in Jaclcson's St. George's Church, appendix, xci; 
/ Among the ecclesiastical foundations in the parish of Sprotburgh, was a 
chantry or free chapel called the Hermitage. The endowment was a house for 
the cantarist, with a garden, meadow, and wood, a rent of 5s. from Conings- 
borough, and of 60s. from a farm at Creighton [Criglestone], within the lord- 
ship of Wakefield.— /f2<«r!e?''s South Yorkshire, i., p. 348. 







THE M 



ILL BRIDGE CROSS, DONCASTER, 17G4. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYJIE. 297 

with the house hSid by that found him with meat to keep body and aoul 
together. 

I was in the hermitage, and the people shew'd us where the altar stood, 
where he every day digged a little and little of his own grave, and told us how 
that every day he gave the blessed Sacrament to those that came to receive tha 
same. 

Thus much for Doncaster. 

In the midst almost of Poteric Carr,^ beyond Doncaster, upon a small hill 
almost inaccessible by reason of the morass round about, is the ruins of a 
stately chappel dedicated to St. John. It is probable that here was either some 
great hermitage or little monastry, nunery, or priory, here. 

1 hear that one Mr. Housorij of Beverley, has several old 
records of Doncaster. 

In the 1 vol. of Dug[dale's] Monast[icon] is the char[ter] of 
Nigel de Fossard, the grant of his tithes in Doncaster to St. 
Mary's mon[astery] in York. In the same vol. is several charters 
relateing to Osterfield, (which in former times belonged wholy 
nnto the knight templars, and then to the knights of St. John, of 
Jerusalem, and there the court was held for all the lands in all 
the country round about, as I have heard; and there every hoiise 
is bound, by their tenure, to have crosses upon them,) to Bautry, 
Barnsley, Pomfret, Selby, Hampol, &c. 

Mr. Williamson, of Leeds, is a most ingenious workman at 
clock work ; he made a clock a while ago for Sir John Lowther, 
which he sold for 35Z., which, besides the many curious works 
therein, goes a whole year together. 

Under the north quire of this church is a large spacious 
charnell house almost full of bones, yet curiously arched over. 
[Addit. by Torre.] 

Page 197. Note f. The same imperfect inscription is given 
in some church notes, taken at North Ferriby, bound up with 
some of De la Pryme's MSS. at British Museum, Lansdowne^ 
890, only there the lady's name is given as Elizabeth Haldenbi, 
who died in 1562. In the south window of the quire were, it is 
said, the arms of Wentworth (a chevron between 3 leopards heads, 
a crescent for difference,) borne quarterly with (as tricked) paly 
of four, on a bend 3 mullets. This guides us at once to the 
marriage of Elizabeth, daughter of Sir John Wentworth, of 

«■ Pottery, or Pawtry Carr, an extensive piece of level and low lying land 
lying to the south of Doncaster, extending towards Loversal and Rossington, 
containing about four thousand acres. It was formerly a morass. In 1616, 
Roger Gifford, of Doncaster, gent., conveyed a close called the Greater Gauble 
close, in Balby, which aJontted sv per paludemvocatajncomm.uniter Pamtrie Carre. 
In 1764 an Act was obtained for draining and allotting the whole carr, — Sea 
more in Hunter's South Yorkshire, i., p. 64. 
U 



298 THE DIARY OF 

North-Elinsal, co. York, (descended from John Wentworth, of 
that place, by Agnes, sister and coheir of Sir Wm. Dronsfield, 
of West Bretton,) with Francis Haldenby, as may be found in 
Hunter s South Yorkshire, vol. ii., pp. 243 and 453. 

Page 239. The Histori/ of Hull, which forms No. 890 of the 
Lansdowne MSS., British Musenm, is not in De la Pryme's own 
handwriting, but is a copy only of the compilation made by him. 
The title-page is signed by "J. Warburton, Somerset Herald, 
owner, March 24th, 1729." In the account of the churches are 
bound up notes in another writing, probably that of James Torre. 

Lansdowjie MS., 891, contains a collection of sundry manu- 
scripts, notes, and documents relating to Hull and the neigh- 
bourhood, very little of which appears to be in the writing of De 
la Pryme. Much of this is evidently a transcript of another, 
and, being an original, a more valuable compilation, which is 
now in the possession of Edward Shimells Wilson, Esq., 
F.S.A.,'' of Melton, near Hull. This latter, without any doubt, 
is in the handwriting of De la Pryme. It is bound in rough 
calf, lettered, and has a printed pagination. Its size is 13 by 9 
inches, and 2^ inches in thickness. Mr. Wilson states that he 
obtained it from the late Mr. Charles Frost, F.S.A., of Hull. 
Included in it are several trickings of coats of arms, noted by 
the author, from the windows and monuments of the churches at 
Hull, and other places mentioned therein. 

This MS. consists of 703 foolscap pages. The first 242 contain 
"A short description and account of ye two churches of the Holy 
Trinity and St, Mary, in Kingston-upon-Hull, with many other 
things relateing thereto." 

Then follows "The description of ye town of Kingston-upon- 
IIull, with ye history and antiquities of all ye famous places 
that either formerly have been, or at pi'esent are, therein." 

At page 309 is "A short account of all the religious houses, 
viz., the monastrys, frierys, colleges, hospitals, gilds, and lands, 
given to pious uses, that either have been or are within ye town 
and county of Kingston-upon-Hull." 

At page 409, " Of the colledge at Sutton, near this town." 

At page 427, " Halton price." 

* The privilege obligingly afforded me of inspecting, at leisure, this inter- 
esting manuscript, was much enhanced by the very kind and hospitable manner 
in which I was received and entertained by Mr. and Mrs. Wilson, who left 
nothing undone that could promote my comfort and convenience during my 
visit at their pleasant residence at Melton. 



ABRAHAM DK LA PRYME. 299 

At page 439, " Mr. Bury's gift of an exhibition to Cambr." 
At page 443, " The orders and rules of ye gild or fraternity 

of St. John ye Baptist, in Kingston-upon-Hull." 

At page 455, "A short history of all ye towns that are in the 

county of Kingston-upon-Hull ; to which is added also a brief 

account of Dripool, Sutton, and Cottingham." 

This includes : — 

Page. 

North Ferriby 457. 

Hessell "! 471. 

Kirk-eller 477. 

Tranby 481. 

Anlaby, pedigrees of Anlaby and Legard, of... 487. 

Willarby 491. 

Haut Emprice 494. 

Scowscots 495. 

Myton cum Tupcots 507. 

Drypool 513. 

Sutton and Stone Ferry 521. 

Cottingham 526. 

At page 537 is " An exact catalogue of all ye wardens, 
bailifs, mayors, sherifs, and chamberlains of Kingston-upon- 
Hull, that can anywhere be found upon record." [1298-1570.] 

At page 553, " The reasons and causes of ye general decay 
of trade, and scarcity of money, in ye town of Kingston-upon- 
Hull, layd before ye Privy Councel, by John Ramsden, merch." 

At page 565, " Catalogus Universalis librorum Bibliothecse 
Sacro-sanctge Trinitatis Ecclesiee Regioduni super Hull." 

At page 615, "An exact account of all ye lands, tenements, 
incomes, and reciets belonging, in ye year 1695, to ye Right 
Worshipfull ye mayor and burgesses of Kingston-upon-Hull, 
with ye disbursements and charges then going and payd out of 
ye same." 

At page 643, " The most antient laws, ordinances, and con- 
stitutions of ye town, which were according to custom proclaimed 
every year in ye market-place." 

At page 645, " An abridgment of all ye old laws, customs, 
orders, and constitutions, K.S.H. of 18 regni regis H. G^i-, etc. 

At page 673, " Of ye admiralty of this town." 

At page 683, " The customes of ye major and aldermen upon 
election day and other days." 



300 THE DIARY OF 

At page 685, "The dutys and salerys of ye major's officers." 

At page 687, " The incorporation of merchant adventurers." 

At page 691, "A catalogue of ye benefactors and benefac- 
tions to ye town and corporation of Kingston-upon-Hull." 

At page 694, " Trippet." 

At page 695, Mention of a " licence for ye renewing of that 
antient and laudable custom, (as they themselves call it,) of 
reading Divine Service daily in ye said church, morning and 
evening," etc., 27th Nov., 1638, by Richard, Archbishop of 
York. 

At page 697, " The case of ye reader of Trin[ity] upon 
Hull," etc., etc. 

At page 699, "An account of ye fee farm rents payd by 
ye major and burgesses of Kingston-upon-Hull." 

At page 701, " Of ye rents of ye town of Kingston-upon- 
Hull, and ye fees paid by ye corporation in K. Henry ye VIII. 's 
time." 

At page 703, "Of the benefactors and benefactions that have 
been made to ye parochial church or chappel of St. Mary's in 
Kingston-upon-PIull." 

Cyriack Skinner. Page 160. The statement as to his 
appearing to have settled down as a merchant, in London, is 
believed to be incorrect. The supposition arose from the informa- 
tion, given by Aubrey, relative to one of Milton's unpublished 
compositions, styled Idea Theoloffice, in manuscript, which the 
former says was " in the hands of Mr. Skinner, a merchant's 
Sonne, in Mark Lane." Anthony a' Wood repeats this, with 
mentioning Cyriack Skinner as the depository of this relic, and 
what the one calls Idea Theologice, the other adopts, but also 
terms it The Bod.ij of Divinity^ at that time, " or, at least, 
lately," he adds, "in the hands of Milton's acquaintance, called 
Cyr. Skinner, living in Mark Lane, London." But Archdeacon 
Todd, in his Life, etc., of Milton, 1842, shews, certainly, that it 
was into the hands of quite a different person that this MS. had 
passed : viz., a Mr. Daniel Skinner, supposed by Mr. Pulman, of 
the Herald's College, to be the eldest son of Daniel Skinner, 
merchant, of the parish of St. Olave's, Hart-street, which parish 
comprises a considerable part of Mark Lane. This Daniel 
Skinner had been educated at Westminster School, which he 
left for Cambridge, in 1670, where the dates of his admission, 
as a minor and a major fellow of Trinity College, are in October, 
1674, and in May, 1679. Together also with the Idea Theologice 



ABRAHAM DE LA PKYME. 



301 



were some MS. State Letters^ both of which Daniel Skinner 
had designed to have printed by El/.evir, at Amsterdam. _ The 
latter, however, from political reasons, dechnino; to do so, Skinner 
took away the manuscripts, which afterwards found their way 
into the Old State Paper Office, at Whitehall, where they were 
discovered, in 1823, enclosed in a cover directed to Mr. Skinner, 
merchant. (See more in Dr. Sumner's Preftice to Treatise on 
Christian Doctrine, hy J. Milton, 1825. TodfU s Poetical Works 
of Milton, 1842, pp. 184-190.) Cyriack Skinner was entered of 
Lincoln's Inn, 31 July, 23 Car. I., 1647, but there is no record 
of his call to the Bar at that Inn. He is named, in 1657, as of 
the parish of St. Martin-in-the-Fieids, where he was buried on 
the 8th August, 1700. 

Julian Bower. Page 164. See also an engraving of the 
one at Alkborouiih in An Historical and Descriptive account of 
Lincolnshire, 1828, Vol. 1. p. 176 :— An account of another at 
Horncastle, ih. page 236. Likewise Notiii/x Ludoe, or Notices of 
Louth, 1834. pagr238. 

DuNSCROFT. Pases 166-75. In the Distory of Roche Ahhey, 
by Dr. Aveling, 1870, p. 110 (note), the author states that the 
opinion of the%enerable historian of South Yorkshire, respectmg 
Dunscroft, remained unaltered. In answer to his enquii-ies, Mr. 
Hunter, on the 13th April, 1860, wrote to him, he says, 
as follows :— " I had been long suspicious that there was 
some mistake about Dunscroft, when I met with Rowe Mores' 
engraving of the seal. The legend is imperfect, but there is 
enough to shew that the name of the place is not Dunscroft, to 
which he erroneously, as I believe, ascribed it. If there had 
been really any cell there, I must have met with something 
more decisive than the report of the antiquarian of the time of 
Torre,— some deed or document of the time when it was in 
existence, or, at least, some mention of it in such surveys as the 
<■ Valor' of King Henry VIII. I have seen nothing to distrust 
the opinion expressed in the S. Y. that it was the grange at which 
resided the person who attended to the interest of the monastery 
at Armthorpe, and in the level, a superior one, as the ofheer was 
probably a person of a superior class to the ordinary grangiarii. 
I should not have expressed myself so strongly had I had the 
least doubt about the mis-reading of the legend on the seal." 

Saunderson, MSS, pages 176 and 184. Robert Saunderson, 
D.D., born at Gilthwaite, in the parish of Rotherham,yorkshire, 



302 THE DIARY OF 

19th Sept., 1587, of Lincoln Coll., Oxford; rector of Wibberton, 
CO. Lincoln, 1618, and shortly afterwards of Boothby-Pagnell. 
Consecrated Bishop of Lincoln, 28th Oct., 1660. Died 29th 
Jany., 1662. 

Saunderson was greatly attached to genealogical and heraldic 
studies, which he appears to have pursued more by way of 
recreation than with any definite object. Of the extensive col- 
lections which he left behind him in manuscript the larger portion 
were for a time, after having been dispersed, reunited in the 
library of the late Sir Joseph Banks. At his death they were 
excepted out of the number bequeathed to the British Museum, 
and were very probably designed to be heir looms at Revesby : 
they, however, became the property of his widow, and from her 
descended to the Knatchbulls. One MS. volume, which contained 
the Samiderson pedigree, remained from the first with the 
bishop's descendants, who, in process of time, falling in tile 
social scale to the rank of farmers, and caring little about 
matters of ancestry, used the book for agricultural purposes, so 
that the prices of the sale of corn, and the registers of breeding 
of cattle, were scribbled in an ill-spelt and vulgar hand over the 
pages of the good bishop's elaborate entries. This MS. is, or was, 
in the possession of a Mr. Clarke, now or late Cole, living near 
Norman by, in the county of Lincoln. 

See Raine's History of the Parish of Blyth^ 1860, pp. 73-78. 

Pratt, of Bossall. Pages 177 and 239. The following 
note, stated to occur on the fly-leaf of a book, was communicated 
to the Miscellanea Genealogica et Ueraldica, 1866, page 77. 

" This was the booke of my dear father, Mr. William Pratt, 
A.M., of Emmanuel Colledge, in Cambridge, who was Vicar of 
Bossall 28 years ; he was a man of great learning, and a great 
antiquary, excellently skilled in all sorts of medals. Obiit Anno 
Domini 1701, Jan. the 2 day. 

" This alsoe was the book of my dear and pious brother, Mr. 
John Pratt, A.M., of Sidney Sussex Colledge, in Cambridge; a 
man of great learning and piety, who was Vicar of Bossall 16 
years. Obiit August the 25 day. Anno Domini 1718. 

" Margaret Pratt." 

Page 178. The following petition, which occurs in Lansdowne 
MSS., B.M. 897, is curious, as shewing that the turning of open 
seats into pews was formerly considered, by the inhabitants of 
Hatfield, to act as the possible means of healing certain disorders 
in their parish church : — 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 303 

To the Most Reverend Father in God, John, Lord Archbishop of 

York, His Grace. 
The Petition of the Minister, Churchwardens, and Inhabitants of 

the Parish of PLitfiekl, within your Grace's Diocess, humbly 

shewetb, 

That whereas wc have a great parish, and an antient and 
large parish cluirch, but that our seats therein are very old and 
irregular, and that there are at least forty householders of good 
quality amongst us, Avho pay considerably to the repairs of our 
sayd church, yet have no seats at all therein that they can claim 
any right to; and, likewise, that there are differencys and dis- 
putes about the sayd seats amongst several others. For the 
regulating of wliicli disorders, and the incouragement of all per- 
sons to come to Divine Service, and to hear the Word of God 
pi'eached, and to preserve peace, unity, and concord amongst us,' 

' These pews, of tlie old high and square order, still exist in the church of 
Hatfield. Galleries, too, fill up the upper portion of the arches in the nave, 
and on the front of them, in the wood- work, is a little ornamental moulding. 
At one end of the south gallery the whole of an arch is fitted up for a "squire's 
pew" appurtenant to the former residence of the Hatfeild and Gossip families, 
and carefully boxed off from the rest in the line, vlo/x tiicatrali. On the oppo- 
site side a second is similarly arranged, probably for their servants. Another 
of these capital enclosures, on the floor, underneath the chancel screen, within 
the nave, is set apart for the use of the manor house. A large gallery fills the 
space at the western end, erected probably during the time when Wm. Drake, 
M..\., was minister (1739-57), and when Joseph Youden, Wm. Hobson. Rcobert 
Atkinson, and John Benson, were churchwardens, their names being placed there- 
on. Chained to a desk is a black-letter book of Homilies, dated "from Sarisbury 
11th Dec, 1561>, whereat, if so minded, the passer by may stand and refresh 
himself with a perusal of " The defence of the Apologie of the Church of 
England," or with " Sermons preached by Bishop Jewel," etc. The church of 
Hatfield is a spacious and handsome edifice, built in the form of the cross, 
the tower rising at the intersection of the limbs. It is not now rich in monuments, 
and many, no doubt very interesting memorials of the past, perished in the 
great repairs and the new pewing, which took place upon " the beautifying of 
the church " in 1G97 (p. 178). For another, and perhaps more judicious, resto- 
ration (which such an edifice as this certainly deserves) the good vicar of the 
present day is, I believe, very desirous, and plans have been procured with that 
view. The spirit is willing, but the qiilddam, necessurlum is not so ready. We 
want a greater number of Thomas Places than we have. — See p. 142. 

Whilst upon this subject it may not be out of place to note that, a century 
earlier, the new ordering of pews appears to have had a somewhat contrary 
effect at the good town of Hull to that produced by it at Hatfield. Our Diarist, 
in his M.S. History of the churches there, mentions that at the Holy Trinity 
Church, in 1599, " all the old pews in the body of the church, which were very 
irregular and unhandsome, were pulled up, and those made in the room thereof 
that are now standing ; and, as in such alterations, many contentions commonly 
arise, about priority, and the right and title to seats, so the ladies, in particular, 
were so offended, that the mayor, aldermen, and churchwardens, were forced to 
get an order from her majesty's high commissioners for causes ecclesiastical, 
to quiet and settle them in peace, in sucli and such seats." On the 31st 



^^'*' THE DIARY OF 

Wee, therefore, humbly pray your Grace to issue out your 
Grace's commission, out of your Grace's Ecclesiastical Court, 
directed to [blank for names of Commissioners} empowering 
them to regulate the sayd seats, which we conceive may best be 
done by turning them into pews, and that an assessment may 
be layd by hous row for that purpose, through our sayd parish, 
to be assessed according to equity and justice, answerable to 
y6 number of every family. 

And your Petitioners shall ever pray for your Grace's long- 
life and pious government over us. 

Dean Gale, pp. 208, 209.— The Rev. Dr. Thomas Smith 
writing to Pepys, 16th April, 1702, mentions that on Sunday 
morning last, he heard of the death of his learned friend the Rev. 
Dx\ Gale : he doubts not but that his sons will take all possible 
care of his papers, and especially of those which relate to the 
illustrating Camden s Britannia, and publish, in convenient time, 
to the honor of their father's memory, which, with those learned 
books he himself published in his lifetime, would render him more 
illustrious to posterity than any monument they could erect in 
York Minster.— P^p^s' Diary, ed. 1849. v. 404. 

Perkins' MSS. Extracts from the wills of Rev. Jolm Hall, 
and his son. (See page 181.) 

7 Sept., 1721. John Hall, of Gisbrough, clerk. — To be 
buried in the church yard of the parish where 1 shall dye. — I give 
to my son, John Hall, fellow of Jesus College, in Cambridge, but 
now resident at Stockton, in the county of Durham, clerk, all my 
books, boxes, papers, and parchments, in my study, or else- 
where, belonging to me, except such as my wife shall chuse for 
her own reading, desiring that no person, learned or unlearned, 
shall either rifle, ransack, search, or examine the same, till my 
son John, if living, or some person appointed by him, come to 

October, 1598, an order appears to have issued from Matthew Hutton, arch- 
bishop of York, and others, authorizing the mayor, etc., " to place every of the 
said gentlewomen in places already made, or to be made, according to their 
callings or dignities, so as Mrs. Mayoress, for the time being, may keep her 
pew or place, and the other gentlewomen, the aldermen's wives, their pews or 
places, by themselves, as bad been accustomed, and not thereafter to be troubled 
or molested by others, so that all gentlewomen resorting thither, to hear divine 
service and sermons, might have fit place assigned them for that purpose." It 
further appears to have been a part of the sword-bearer's duty " to place all 
new Mrs. Mayoresses, Mrs. Sheriffs, Mrs. Chamberlains, and any new Alder- 
■women, in the church." — De la Pnjnie'i MS. History, jpenei Mr. Wilson, 
pp. 11-G85. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 305 

examine, view, or dispose of the same. But if ho be dead before 
me, I leave all my hooks to my wife, her administrators, and 
assigns, and my pa[)ers I will and desire to be all burnt. Item, 
I give unto my sun, John Hall, aforesaid, and his heirs for ever, 
all my reall estate, whether freehold or copyhold, lying and 
being in the manor of Platfield, provided and upon condition 
that he pay to his affectionate mother, my affectionately tender 
wife, Mrs. Sarah Hall, one-half of the clear yearly rent of and 
for the said land, for and during the term of her life. — Provided 
also, that if my son, John Hall, shall dye without issue, lawfully 
begotten, then my will is that one halfeof my real estate shall be 
equally divided amongst such of the surviving children of my 
affectionate wife as shall then be living,, by her first husband, or 
among such of them as she shall appoint by writing under her 
own hand. — S^^ wife and son ex ^s — [Pro. 4th Apr., 1722, admon. 
to John Hall, clerk, sou of s'^^ dec^- ] 

18 Sept., 1722. John Hall, of Guisbrough, clerk, being sick 
in body. — I give and bequeath unto my loveing brother, Thomas 
Perkins, of Hatfeild, co. York, gent., Matthew Mazline, of 
Cawood, clerk, and Samuel Gibson, of Lombard Str,, London, 
druggist — all my estate, whether freehold or copyhold, lying in 
Fishlake, within the mannor of Hatfeild, co. York, — in trust to 
be by them sold fur the best advantage, for the payment of my 
debts, legacies, and funeral expenses. — To my uncle, Ralph 
Hall, in Ireland, £5. — To each of my aunt Sanderson's sons, of 
Kirkby Huer, each £10. — To my dear and affectionate freind, 
Mrs. Anne (NillsV), of Scoley, the bed and furniture of my own 
room, the glass, and ten guineas. Residue to be equally devided 
amongst all my brothers and sisters ; my sister Barrett's 
children to come in for a sister's share. — My said loveing 
brother Thomas Perkins, Matthew Mazline, and Samuel Gibson, 
exrs — [Pro. I5th Oct., 1722, admon. to Tho^- Perkins, gent., one 
of the exrs.] 

Page 187. Lansdowne MSS., 899. 

HiSTORiA Universalis Oppidi et Parochi^ Hatfieldiensis, 
OR, Y^ History and Antiquitys of y^ Town and Parish of 
Hatfield, by Doncaster. In small Books, with many 
Copper Cutts. 

Elenchus Librorum et Capitum Historiaj Prasdictse. 
Book ye 1st, intitled 

HiSTORICUS. 



306 THE DIARY OF 

The Dedication. 
The Preface. 

Ch. 1. The difficulty of findino- ye originals of towns : that 
this part of ye country over which this town and parish extends 
itself was some thousands of years ago a wilderness full of pitch 
trees, fir trees, all wild beasts, etc., uninhabited with mankind. 

Ch. 2. The discovery of ye island by ye Cimbri, their plant- 
ing all ye east and south parts of ye same ; their original Strang 
customes, manners, etc. 

Ch. 3. The next discoverers of this island was ye Phoenicians, 
their seating of themselves in ye south parts thereof; manner of 
fighting, customes, etc. ; wars with ye Cimbri. 

Ch. 4. Ye discovery of this island by Grecians, under 
Phileus Taurominitos, 150 years before Ctesar's days ; their seat- 
ing themselves in y^ south parts thereof, their wars with the 
Phoenicians, etc. 

Ch. 5. Of ye invasion of all ye south east parts of this island 
by ye Grauls and Belgians, about fiO years before Caesar's days ; 
of their seating themselves all along ye seaside, and ye inland 
adjacent countrys on ye south east of this island ; of their wars 
with ye Cimbri, and their driveing them northwards to dwell in 
ye before uninhabited forests and wildernesses, by which means 
this formerly woody country, ye subject of my history, came to 
be peopled, etc. 

Ch. 6. These Cimbri, that being thus forced to live in this 
part of ye country, and to inhabit ye morasses and boggy woods 
of this parish, were called Brigantes by the Romans ; their 
assaults made upon them in the woods of this parish ; their con- 
sultations, wars, etc., under CartismanduaVen .... etc., 

with ye conquest by ye Romans .... 

return and bickering . . with ye Romans .... parish, 
which occasioned ye Romans to burn and cut down ye great 
forest of fir trees that grew in ye morasses of this parish that 
harboured them, etc, 

Ch. 8. [^sic] The country hereabouts being by this means ren- 
der'd quiet, ye Romans cause ye conquer'd Britons to build them- 



ABRAHA3I DE LA PRYMK. 307 

selves houses and inliabit here, bj reason of ye richness and 
pleasantness of ye soi], etc., which gave origin to this town, its 
antient increase, settlement, name, revolutions, etc., untill ye 
year of Christ 600 and odd. 

Ch. 9. How that it was a king's seat in ye Saxon's time ; of 
ye dwelling of Edwin, first Christian king of ye Northumbers 
here ; history of his life, and a full account of ye great battal 
that was fought against him in ye fields of Hatfield, by Penda, 
king of Mercia, and Caadwaller, king of ye Brittans, in which 
Edwin and his son was slayn, and ye whole town burnt 
down, etc. 

Ch. 10. The building of ye town again, its increase and 
flourishing condition under ye succeeding kings of ye Northum- 
bers, and of several things that happened therein. Of a great 
synod that was held thereunder Egfrid, king of ye Northumbers. 

Of ye ravages that ye Dains made in these parts; of their 
sacking of ye town of Hatfield, and burning it down again unto 
ye bare ground. 

Of its destruction again by ye Dains, and ye revolutions, 
famines, inundations, etc., relateing thereto, unto ye year 13. . . 

Of a great earthquake that exceeding shoke this town, and 
ye whole coimtry round about. 

Ch. 11. Of ye destruction of this town by Thomas, Earl of 
Lancaster, in ... . ye w^hole history of ye invasion 
thereof. 

Of ye reversion of ye town and parish unto ye king ; of 
Phillipa, queen to Edw. ye 3^- that was brought to bed of a 
Prince, at this Hatfield, in 1335. 

Of a blazeing starr and a great mortality of men in Hatfield^ 
anno 1391. 

Ch. 12. Of Hen. ye 8th jorney into Yorkshire, and his 
intended comeing into this town of Hatfield, to hunt in ye chase 
thereof. 

Ch. 13. Of ye progress that Henry, Prince of Wales, (son 
to King John ye Ist,) took into Yorkshire, and his comeing 
to this town of Hatfield, etc. 

Ch. 14. A full description of ye town, both as it has formerly 



308 THE DIARY OF 

been, and at present is; its state, condition, delicate situation, 
neatness, conveniences, etc. 

Of ys nature of its air, of a hurricane that happened there in 
1687. Of ye great storm of wind in 1695, with somewhat 
observable concerning ye same, and mists. 

Of ye nature of ye water that ye town is supplyd with ; with 
somewhat observable relateing to springs and wells. 

Of ye nature, humours, and dispositions of ye people of this 
town and parish. Of their sports, recreations, etc. 

Of their sicknesses, diseases, distenij)ers, etc. 

Of ye king's pallace that was at this town, part of which is 
yet standing, etc. 

Ch. 17 [sz'c]. Of ye chace of Hatfield, its antiquity, bounds, 
and greatness, and its destruction by ye Dutch. 

Of ye vast numbers and plenty of deer that was therein, etc. 

Of ye old laws and customes of ye chase, etc. 

Of ye officers thereof, ye king's bow bearer, ye park keeper, 
ye surveyor, ye regarders, and their stations, etc. 

Of ye park of Hatfield, its antiquity, bigness, and destruction 
by ye "Dutch in 1631. 

Book ye 2nd, intitled Villaris. 

Ch. 1. Of ye origin of parishes, of ye largeness and extent 
of this at Hatfield. 

Ch. 2. Of ye towns and hamlets that both formerly were, 
and at present are, in ye parish of Hatfield ; and first of Thorn, 
its antient state, etc. 

Ch. 3. Of ye antiquity of Stainford, its greatness in former 
times ; of a famous chappel that was there formerly, pull'd down 
by K. Edw. ye 6 ; of ye present state of ye town now, etc. Of 
Tudworth, its antient and present state; of ye great fisherys that 
were there formerly, etc. 

Of ye antiquitys of Dunscroft ; of ye cell belonging to Roch 
monastery that was there, etc. 

Ch. 6. [sic] Of Woodhouse, its original greatness; and antient 
and present state, etc. 

Ch. 7, Of Bereswood, its antiquity and present state, laro-e- 
nes3, etc. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 309 

Ch. 8. Of y*-" old and famous place of Lindholm, and what it 
has been. 

Book ye 3rd, intitled EccLESiASTicus. 

Ch. 1. Of ye l-^t establishing of ye Christian religion in this 
land ; of ye Hrst that preached Christ in this parish, and of 
ye first el lurch built there. 

Cli. 2. Of ye building of ye present stately church that now 
is, with ye history, ye armes, and genealogies of those worthy 
men, ye Hastings, ye Ricards, ye Nevils, ye Dawneys, and 
others that contributed thereto, etc. 

Ch. 3. Of ye solemnity of ye dedication and consideration 
thereof, with all ye ceremony belonging thereto, and ye great 
feasting that ensued thereon, etc. 

Ch. 4. Tlie history of ye advowson of ye church of Hatfield. 
Of ye titlies, their impropriation, first unto ye monastery of St. 
Pancrace, then to St. Mary's in York, and then to Roch Abby ; 
with an ordinance for ye maintenance of ye vicar of Hatfield. 

Ch. 5. The church of Hatfield, and mother church of 
ye chappels subordinate thereto in former days. How Thorn 
came to be i)arochial. Ye charter of ye chappel of Thorn, with 
observations thereon. 

Ch. 6. A full and perfect description of ye church of Hat- 
field ; of all ye pictures, images, inscriptions, epitaphs, and 
reliques, that was therein a few years before ye Reformation. 

Ch. 7. Of ye great need of ye Reformation when it hap- 
pened, to clence and purify religion from all ye fopperys of 
popery, and restore it to ye pureness and undefiledness of ye 
primative ways, such as was first preachd and tought in this 
nation before that Austin ye monk landed, etc., and of ye per- 
formance thereof. 

Ch. 8. Of ye sad havok that was made of religious things in 
ye time of ye Reformation ; how much churches and ye poor 
suffered thereby, and especially this of ours, etc. 

Ch. 9. Of ye reparations that have been made of and to this 
of ours, especially within these late years ; with a whole account 
thereof, and a full description of ye church as it now is, etc. 



310 THE DIARY OF 

Ch. 10. Of ye exsellency of epitaphs and funeral monu- 
ments, with an account of all those that have escaped the rage of 
men and time, and that are yet in ye sayd church. 

Ch. 11. Of ye Encaenia, or aniversary feast of ye dedication 
of ye church, and ye antient and present man[ner] of solemnizing 
of ye same. 

Ch. 12. Of ye old customes that are observed in this church 
in christnings, maryages, burials, etc. 

Ch. 13. Containing ye names, lives, and memorable deeds 
of all ye ministers of this town of Hatfield, from ye most antient 
accounts unto this day. 

Part 2. 

Ch. 1. Of ye origin of ye monastic life, and ye excellency 
thereof, if not abused. Of y® religious places that have been in 
this parish, and first of Lindholm, as ye most antient, with 
ye whole life of St. Will, a Lindholm. 

Ch. 2. . Of ye origin and building of ye little monastry or 
cell of Dunscroft ; of ye number of monks therein, etc. 

Ch. o. Of their order, rule, maner of life, devotions, houers 
of prayer, admittance of novices, etc. 

Ch. 4. Of ye dissolution of ye sayd little monastry, and 
ye abominable means and ways they took to perform ye same ; 
and of ye allicnation of all ye lands by King Henry ye VIII. , etc. 

Ch. 5. Of ye cursed ways and means that Henry ye VIII. 
took to dissolve and suppress all ye rest of ye monastrys and 
religious houses in ye laud, and that it was plain sacriledge, 
and that every one commits ye same sin in keeping ye sayd 
lands, etc. 

Part 3. 

Ch. 1. Of ye preceptory of knight Templars : afterwards of 
ye knights of St. John of Jerusalem that was at Crooksbroom, 
in this parish ; of ye lands belonging thereto, etc. 

Ch. 2. Of ye maner of life of those two orders ; of their 
customes, ceremonys, devotions. 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 311 

Cb. 3. Of ye miserable end of yc first order, and ye abro- 
gation of ye latter in Harry yc VILL/s time, and ye aliienation 
of tbeir lands, etc. 

Ch. 4. Of St. Catharin's cross tbat stood in ye west end of 
Hatfield, with the life of that pure saint. 

Ch. 5. Of St. Langton's cross in ye fields ; why so call'd, 
etc., with an account of ye patron to whome it was dedicated, 
and of all ye troubles that ensued through him, in which may be 
seen a specimen of popeish tyranny, etc. 

Ch. 6. Of ye free school that is in this town, its foundation, 
dedication, endowments, etc. 

Ch. 7. Of ye benefactors since ye Reformation to ye church, 
ye poor, and ye sayd school, etc. 

Ch. 8. Of ye charitable donation mito this town that, 
having been lost this 70 years, was lately, with great charges 
and trouble, recovered by ye sayd town, etc. 

Book ye 4th, intitled CuRiosus. 

Seu de rebus curiosis Hatfieldice. Containing an account of 
all ye curiositys and raritys that are either in ye musa^um of 
ye author at ye sayd town, or dispersed elsewhere in ye privat 
hands of those that dwell in ye parish. As of almost 100 old 
Roman, Saxon, Dainish, and Grecian coins, and late medalls of 
great rarity, etc. As also petrifyd fish and shell-fish of various 
sorts, with other petrifactions of grass, moss, water, wood, bones 
of fish, etc. Strang experiments made by ye author with 
microscopes concerning the pores of glass, the particles of 
water, ye vegetation and seeding of worts, etc. With copper 
cutts, discriptions, and solutions of them all, etc. 

Book ye 5th, intitled Curialis. 

Seu de rebus acrice. 

Ch. 1. What manours, lordships, and townships are, 
ye original of them, and their various customes. 

Ch. 2. Of ye original of copyhold and freehold, etc. 

Ch. 3. Of ye Strang customes of this manour of Hatfield; etc. 



312 



THE DIARY OF 



Ch. 4. Of ys old custome of rideing upon y^ wooden horse, 
in ye court-house. 

Ch. 5. Of ye fellow that sold ye divel.-^ 

Book ye 6th, intitled Vitalis. 

Containing ye history of ye lives and memorable acts of 
ye known lords of ye manour and town of Hatfield, etc. 

ife of King Edwin. 

ife of Earl Godwin. 

ife of Earl Harold. 

ife of William ye Conqueror. 

ife of William, ye 1st Earl Warren. 

ife of William, ye 2nd Earl Warren. 

ife of William, ye 3rd Earl Warren. 

ife of William, ye 4th Earl Warren. 

ife of Hamlin, Earl Warren. 
Ch. 10. Ye life of William, ye 6th Earl Warren. 
Ch. 11. Ye life of John, ye 7th Earl Warren. 

Ye life of John, ye 8th and last Earl Warren. 
Ye life of Edm. de Longley. 
Ye life of Edw. Plantagenet. 
Ye life of Rich. Plantagenet. 



Ch. 1. 


Ye li 


Ch. 2. 


YeliJ 


Ch. 3. 


Yelii 


Ch. 4. 


YeliJ 


Ch. 5. 


Ye li 


Ch. 6. 


Ye li 


Ch. 7. 


Ye li 


Ch. 8. 


Ye li 


Ch. 9. 


Ye li 



Ye life of Edward Earl of March, made king of 



Ch. 12. 

Ch. 13. 

Ch. 14. 

Ch. 15. 

Ch. 16. 
England by ye name of Edward 4th 

Ch. 17. A short account of King Edward 5th. 

Ch. 18. A short account of Kins Richard 3rd 

Ch. 19. A short account of Henry 7th. 

Ch. 20. A short account of Henry 8th. 

Ch. 21. A short account of King Edward 6th. 

Ch. 22. A short account of Queen Mary. 

•^ See antea, p. 256, note. 



Q1 ■>, 

ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 

Cb. 23. A short account of Queen Elizabeth. 

Cb. 24. A short account of King James 1st. 

Ch. 25. A short account of King Charles ye 1st. 

Cb. 20. Ye life of Sir Cornelius Vermuden. 

Cb. 27. Ye life of John Gibbons, esq. 

Cb. 28. Ye life of Sir Edward Osburn, knt. 

Cb. 29. Ye life of Sir Arthur Ingram. 

Cb. 30. Ye life of William Wickham, esq. 

Cb. 31. Ye life of Sir Henry Ingram. 

Cb 32. Henry, Lord Viscount Irwing, ye present lord. 
Part ye 2d. 
The life of Thomas, Bishop of Durham. 
The life of Sir Martin Frobisber. 
Cb. 2. Ye life, history, and genealogy of ye Portingtons. 
Cb. 3. Ye life of ye Wests. 
Cb. 4. Ye history and genealogy of ye Lees. 
Cb. 5. Ye history and genealogy of ye Woodcocks. 
Cb. 6. Ye history and genealogy of ye Whites. 
Ch. 7. Ye history and genealogy of ye Greens. 
Cb. 8. Ye history and genealogy of ye Wormels. [Worm- 
leys]. 

Ch. 9. Ye history and genealogy of ye Hatfields. 
Cb. 10. Ye history and genealogy of ye Prymes. 
Ch. 11. Ye history and genealogy of ye Beamonts. 
Cb. 12. Ye history and genealogy of ye Ricards. 
Ch. 13. Ye history and genealogy of ye Atkinsons. 
Cb. 14. Ye history and genealogy of ye Oughtibriggs. 



314 THE DIARY OF 

Ch. 15. Ye history and genealogy of ye Broughtons. 
Ch. 16. Y« history and genealogy of y^ [blank]. 

Book ye 7th, intitled Belgicus. 

Ch. 1. A short recapitulation of what was sayd in ye be- 
ginning of ys first book of ye peat forrest that ran over part of 
ye morasses or levels in Hatfiekl parish and the country adjoyn- 
m<r ; of ye burning and chopping of ye same down by the 
Romans ; that the trees falling crossways over ye rivers stopped 
their currents, and occasioned not only the reliques of this for- 
rest, but ye whole country round about, to be drounded and 
subject to perpetual overflowing. 

Ch. 2. Of ye great height that ye rivers Ayre, Trent, and 
Humber ran, in respect of what they do now, which was also an 
occasion of rendering this sayd low country a perpetual randez- 
vouz of waters. 

Ch. 3. Of ye many rivers that ran formerly through these 
levels, with the names of them, etc. 

Ch. 4. Of ye many great floods that happen'd in this drownded 
country from ye most ancient accounts until! ye drainage in 1630. 

Ch. 5. How that, in success of time, ye muddy waters of ye 
Don and Idle, that ran through those levels, deposited so much 
silt and warp that they -made a great deal of high land on both 
sides of their streams. 

Ch. 6. Of ye great trade that people carry'd on in those 
levels before ye drainage, both betwixt town and town, and also 
in fishing, fowling &c. 

Ch. 7. Of ye great benefit that ye grassmen of this town and 
manourmade by y^ priviledge ofjoysting goods upon ye common, 
granted them by King Edward ye 4th. 

Ch. 8. Of a design that one Mr. Lavrock and his partners 
had of draining those levels, in Queen Elizabeth's days, and ye 
miscariagc thereof, &c. 

Ch. 9. Cornelius Vcrmuden gets a siirht of those levels when 



A.BRAHAM DE LA PRYMB. 315 

he came down into this country with Prince Henry ; his negoti- 
ations with King Charles 1st. about the draining of them ; with 
ye articles agreed of betwixt them. 

Ch. 10. Vermuden communicats his design to several of his 
countrymen, who gladly joyn with him in ye draining of y^ same; 
begins ye same ; meets with great difficultys, &c. 

Ch. 11. Yet, for all tliat, overcoms them, finishes the drainage, 
which was looked upon as a vast and wonderfull work, for which 
he was knighted ; gets the same divided, and his part set out ; 
divides it amongst his partners ; buys also ye whole manor of 
Hatfield and several more, with ye King's part also, and divides 
it amongst his partners. 

Ch. 12. The [y] send for their relations and tennants from 
beyond sea, build houses in ye levels; lives like kings; they build 
also a town at Santoft, a chappel and parson's house, &c. The 
names of all those that came over from beyond sea, &c. 

Ch. 13. Of ye troubles that ensued this drainage, and the 
causes thei'eof; how all the old drainers sold their portions in the 
sayd levels, and were for the most part I'uind and undone, and 
went and lived elsewhere, &c. 

Ch. 14. Of ye suit that Crowl had with the Participants, and 
the decree thereupon. 

Ch. 15. Of ye suit that Hatfield, Thorn, &c., had with ye 
Participants, &c. 

Ch. 16. Of y*' suit that Fishlake, Pollington, &c., had with 
them, and of a suit now depending in ye Exchequer between 
them, &c. 

Ch. 17. Of yc great disturbances in ye Isle ; of their rising 
against ye Participants, ye then possessours and enjoyers of ye 
drained lands in their parishes ; of their destroying of ye cropp 
of 7400 acres there ; their pulling down of all ye houses thereon, 
ruining of Santoft, &c. 

Ch. 18. Of ye great suit that commenced thei'eupon between 
the Participants and them, with ye whole account thereof unto 



316 THE DIARY OF 

this time, it not being yet ended ; and the abominable mischiefs 
the Isle men have lately done. 

Ch. 19. Of ye present state of yc levels; of ye care that is 
taken to preserve them dry, &c. 

Ch. 20, 21, 22, 23, [blank]. 

Book ye 8th, intitled Georgicus. 

Ch. 1. Containing an account of ye high ground, ye nature 
thereof, its cultivation, proper grain, encreas, &c. 

Ch. 2. The nature of ye level ground, and the town's closes, 
their cultivation, proper grain, encreas, &c, 

Ch. 3. Of ye origin of ye moor grounds in this parish, their 
nature, property, &c. 

Ch. 4. Of their dio-ging of them into turves ;" of the mem- 
orable things that they find under the same, &c. 

Ch. 5, 6, 7, [blank]. 

Book ye 9th, intitled Botanicus. 

Containing an alphabetical enumeration, with short discrip- 
tions, of all ye trees, shrubs, hearbs, grasses, and flowers, as well 
hortal as wild,) that grows within ye bounds of this parish, with 
ye particular places where every one of them grows, &c. 

Here will follow a larg map of ye whole parish, having every 
field, ingg, close, mested, croft, cavel, intack, &c., in the whole 
parish in it, with ye bigness and number of akers in them ; and 
who are the present owners thereof; with ye reasons why they 
are called by such and such names. 



Abraham de la Pryme contributed to the compilers of the 
Catalogi Lihrojmm Manuscriptorum Anglice et Hibernice, Oxon., 
1697, the following information : — 

« In the MS. Diary, p. 207, De la Pryme says, 8 Aug., 1G9G, " I was told 
that the sodds that they digg up within this country, for fiering, will, if they 
be got in thoue [? thaw,] and wett, ferment and take fire, as hay and corn will 
when they are in stacks ; which is veiy true" 



ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME. 317 

Libri Manuscript! R. V. Abmhami Pry me, Lincolnieiisis. 

1. A true and ftiithful account of the amours of Henry tlie IVtb, 

king of France, to the princess of Conde, and the wars that 
had Hke to have ensu'd thereon, but were prevented by the 
death of the king. Written by Mr. Mary, an eye-witness 
of most thino-s. In 25 lai'iie sheets, foHo. 

2. The propositions made by the Lord do la Thuillc, ambassadour 

extraordinary of France, to the states of the united pro- 
vinces, in 164., with severe reflections and observations 
thereon. In 8 sheets, folio. 

3. Several speeches of Sir Edw. Philips, to queen EHzabeth, 

king James, and queen Atu),* at her coming to the coro- 
nation, in both houses of parliament, etc., with their answers, 
by queen Eliz., king James, etc. In 1(5 sheets, folio. 

4. A true copy of the information that Mr. Titus Gates gave in 

unto Sir Edmundbury Godfrey, about the popish plot, in 81 
articles ; to which is added his examination before the house 
of commons, and the discovery that Mr. Bedloe made to 
both houses of parliament. In 15 sheets, fol. 

5. Five speeches made in parliament, in Cromwell's days, about 

the frequent calling of parliaments ; the reforming of episco- 
pacy, etc. ; with one in defence of the earl of Strafford. 
In 6 sheets, large 4to. 

6. A letter out of the East Indies, by one Mr. John Marshal, 

giving an account of the religion, notions, traditions, and 
knowledge of the Bramins. In 3 sheets, fol." 

* These speeches can scarcely have been delivered by the same person. 
From the death of queen Elizabeth, 2-tth March, 1603, to the accession of queen 
Anne, on 8th March, 1702, are 101 years. A Mr. Phillips appears to have acted 
as recorder of Doncaster, probably as deputy to Mr. Serjeant (afterwards Sir 
Richard) Hutton ; for, in April, 1617, the chamberlains "paid to Mr. Phillips, 
for his halfe yeare's fee, due at our Lady-day, xls." And, on the occasion of 
king James I. passing through the town, on the Sth of the same month, there 
was a payment " to Mr. Phillips, when he came to make the speech to the 
kinge, xliiiis." 

'^ This is noticed and copied in the MS. Diary, pp. 135-148. He says, 
under 13th January, 1G9G, " Haveing had by me, in a loose paper, this three or 
four years, an epistle that was writt out of the East Indys, some time ago, to a 
great man now alive, it will not be amiss if I, for the better preservation of the 
same, transcribe it here in my Diary. It was written from Foettipore, or else 



318 THE DIARY OF 

7. The life of Cardinal Woolsey, written by Mr. Cavendish. Fol. 

8. A book made in queen Elizabeth's time, in answer to a popish 

book. Dedicated to her majesty. In 8 sheets, 4to. 

9. Large excerptions out of diverse histories, in 15 sheets, 4to, 

with part of a French sermon at the end, of one that was 
converted to the protestant fiith. 

10. The true doctrine of Christianity, layd down in questions 

and answers. In 14 slieets, 8vo. This is a Socinian piece, 
and proves against the Trinity, original sin, etc. 

11. Curiosa de se ; or, the curious miscellanies and private 
thoughts of one inquisitive into the knowledge of Nature 
and things. Enrich'd with great variety of matter, both 
curious, profitable, and pleasant, with a few cursory notes. 
— Vol. ii., part 1, page 254. 

Auctarium Librornm vii. Manuscriptorum Quos transmisit D. 
Abrahamus Pryme, Lincolniensis. 

1. The depositions of the islemen in 1642-8, about the ancient 

state of the Levels, etc., before that they were drained by 
the Dutch. In 12 sheets. Penes D. Abrahamum Pryme. 

2. A large chi'onicle, writt by Mr. George Nevil, about the year 

1577, in six vols., folio, from Brute's days unto the afore- 
said year.'' 

3. Dr. Saunderson's Heraldry, writt with his own hand ; contain- 

ing the coats of arms, pedigrees, etc., of all the families of 
the north of Trent, with a great many others of gentlemen 
elsewhere. In folio. Penes D. Joannem Nevil, de Winter- 
ton, in com. Lincoln.* 

M , by one Mr. Marshall, about the year 1080. I got the copy of it 

from Doct[or] Coga, while I was in the university. Yet, this is not the whole 
coppy of tlie epistle, but onely an extract of the most considerable things 
thereof! ; for the doct[or'| himself had it [not] whole, so it was impossible that 
I should. However, as I had it, so I shall set it down." 

^ See the note on John Nevil, p. 82 of Diary. 

« Bishop Saunderson's book of Heraldry was in the possession of the late 
Williamson Colo Wells Clarke, of Brumby, who died about eighteen years ago. 
From him it passed to Mr. Francis Wells, of Dunstall, in the parish of Corring- 



ABRAHAM DE LA TRYMK. 319 

4. A large register of all the lands, farms, tenements, etc., that 

were given to the priory of Newstead, in the said county. 
Folio ; Latin, Penes Dom. Pelham, de Broeklesby, in 
com. Line. 

The same also translated into English, for the use of her hidyship. 

5. A large MS. in folio, containing the lives, actions, and deaths 

of the earls of Warren, with several things relating to their 
affairs. Penes D. Yarburrow, do Campsel [Campsall], in 
com. Ebor. 

6. All the works of old Chaucer, in long folio. This vol. 

belonged to the monastery of Canterbury. Penes D. 
Edmund Canby, de Thorne, in com. Ebor. 

7. Great part of a large book of heraldry, curiously blazon'd, 

containing the coats of arms of all the gentry, etc., in the 
west-riding of Yorkshire. Writ by Thomas Perkins, esq., 
in the beginning of queen Elizabeth's reign. Penes virum 
reverendum D. Hall, de Fishlake, in com. Ebor. — Vol. ii., 
part__l, page 160. 



Non-Conformity. The following entry in the Diaiy, illus- 
trative of the strong views entertained on this subject by the 
writer, and which was omitted in its proper place, may be here 
introduced. 

1696. Oct. 10. " Having been a little melancholy this day, 
I was very pensive and sedate, and, while I remained so, there 
came several strange thoughts in my heart, which I could not 
get shutt of. Methought I foresaw a Religious Warr in the 
nation, in which our most apostolick and blessed church should 
fall a prey to the wicked, sacrilegous, non-conformists, who 

ham, and from him to his nephew, William Cole, of Newstead, in Ancholme, 
in the possession of whose widow it now is. Mr. Peacock has examined it 
carefully ; the first part, he says, is a copy of Tonge's Visitation of the Northern 
Counties. The remainder of the volume is a collection of coats of arms, not 
confined to any special locality. The greater portion of the volume is in a 
hand earlier than the time of Saunderson, but some, he thinks (but he speaks 
very doubtfully), is in his autograph. Noue of the other manuscripts can be 
traced. 



320 



THE DIARY OF ABRAHAM DE LA PRYME, 



should almost utterly extinguish the same, and set up in the place 
thereof their own enthusiastick follys, which God prevent ! 
however, I foresee the downfall of those famous patriots the 
Bishops, and that those that shall be the authors thereof shall 
have farr less religion and goodness in them than them, and that, 
whatever their pretence is, the chief thing that they shall pluck 
down this holy order for will be to get their lands and estates. 
Then will England be fill'd with all manner of confusion and 
horror, and shall stand like a drunken man, many years, untill 
that God have pour'd out all the wraith of His cup upon it. 




JC13E3E3EI: 



INDEX or NAMES, 



(The letter n. after the number of the page refers to the note.) 



Abutensis, 199. 

Achilles, 291. 

Acosta, 199. 

Adwick, 177. 

Aerlebout, 291. 

Agrippina, August., 235. 

Airy, 129. 

Albemarle, Duke of, 101. 

Albemarle, Karl of, 130 n. 

Alcock, 253. 

Aldam, 52 «., 122 n. 

Aldwark, 181. 

Alexander, 39, 157, 162. 

Alfred, King, 188. 

Algerines, the, 57. 

Allen's Lincolnshire, 87 n. 

Allen, 143 n. 

Allison, 194. 

Alretune, A. de, 81 n. 

Alsace, Philip of, x., xi. n. 

Alsledius, 199. 

Amaber, St., 157 n. 

Americans, the 199. 

Amory, 266, 269, 270 n. 

Anlaby, 299. 

Ann, 175, 181. 

Ann, Princfess, 49. 

Anne, Queen of Scotland, 169 n. 

Anne, Queen, 109 n., 242 »., 317. 

Anstruther, Sir R., 107, 108, 110. 

Anstruther, Lady, 111. 

Anderson, 69, 85, 96 ; family of, 117 
119 ; Judge (Sir E.), 119, 120, 121 
S., 117, 120, 124 ; Edmund, 117, 119 
120; F., 117; Edwin, 117, 120 
Madam, 104, 184 ; Sir J., 117 
Magdalen, 119 ; Sir E., bt., 119, 120 



William, 119; Sir J., bt., 119, 

and family, 121 ; C, 120 ; W.. ib. ; 

Katharine, ib. ; Mary, ih. : Sir C. 

H. J., 121 n. ; C, 156 n., 197. 
Andrew, bishop of Murray, 229, 230. 
Andrews, 164 7i. 
Anker, 286. 

Aparine Plinii, 249, 250. 
Appleyard, Matthew, 6 n., W., 286, 

288 ; (arms of,) 130. 
Apporor, 199. 
Archimedis Cochlea, 256. 
Ardsley, 186. 
Aretius, 199. 
Aristotle, 199. 
Aritoeus, 199. 
Ark, Joan of, 199. 
Arlington, Earl of, H., 169 n. 
Arlush, 273 n. 
Armstrong, 40 n. 
Arthington, 175. 
Arthur, King, 189. 
Asaph, St., Bishop of, Lloyd, 24 n. 
Ash, 199. 
Ashton, 41 n. 
Assheton, 290. 
Ask, 181 

Askham, de R., 253. 
Aston, de Tliomas, 87 n. 
Atkinson, Alderman, 233 n. ; Robert, 

303 n., fam. of, 313. 
Aubrey, John, 9 n., 29 ?t., 300. 
Augustin, St., 130 n. 
Austin. 39, 45. 
Austin, St., 199, 309. 
Aveling, 290, 301. 
Awmond, 228. 
Aylmer, 79 n. 
Ayzerly, 274. 



322 



INDEX OF NAMK3. 



B 



Baal, house of, 150. 

Baalam, 111. 

Babthorp, 181, 

Bacon, Lord Chancellor, 23 n. 

Baden, Prince Lewis of, 32. 

Bagshawe, H. R., 239 7i. ; R., vi. n. ; 
Sir W. C, vi. n. ; W. J., vi., vii. n., 
xxix. n. ; F. W., 193 n., v., vi. 

Baker, 196 n. ; E., G3 >i. 

Balden, 196 n. 

Baldwin, 5 n., 14-t. 

Ball, 132 n. 

Bangor, Bishop of, 5 n. 

Banks, Rev, R., 187, 198, 201, 203, 
20i, 208, 210, 241, 252 ; Sir J., 05 
?i., 302. 

Barber, 147 n. 

Barchet, 75 n. 

Barclay, 84 n. ; Lord, G6. 

Barebones, 43. 

Bareel, 60, 260. 

Barfleur, Viscount, 57 n. 

Barker, L., 37 n. ; E. H., xxiii. 

Barkley, C. W., 63 n. 

Barlow, 292. 

Barmby, 181. 

Barnardiston,, 234 

Barrett, 305. 

Barrow, 199. 

Battie, 295 n. 

Bawtry, 273 n. 

Baxter, 47, 02. 

Bayley, 89 n. 

Baynham, Sir E., 92 n. 

Beau champ, 152. 

Beaumont, 43 n. 

Beaniont, 241, S13. 

Becanus, 199. 

Beck, R., 158 n. 

Becket, St. Thomas, 203. 

Beckwith, 218 n, 

Bede, 188, 255. 

Bedford, Earl of, Francis, 57 n. ; Wil- 
liam. Duke of, 57 n. ; W., 118 n. 

Bedingfield, 244. 

Bedloe, 4, 317. 

Beharell, 60 n. 

Behareel, or Beharrel, 260, 265, 289, 
290. 

Beiston, 181. 

Belgians, the, 306. 

Beliew, J. F., 17 n. 

Bellingham, 89 n. 

Bellot, Edward, 119 ; S., ih. 

Beltham, 229. 

Bendish, 260, 274. 

Bendlow, Capt., 66. 



Benedictine Nunnery, 110 n, 

Benjamin, 152. 

Benn, Sir A., 8 n. 

Bennet, 274 ; T., 186 ?t. 

Bennett, Thomas, 21, ib. n. 

Bennivenius. 199. 

Benson, 303. 

Bentley, xxv., x.xjci., xxxii. 

Beorgdeudish, 88. 

Berchett, M., 4 n. 

Bernard, Dr., 116 ; 152. 

Bethel. Sir H., 126 n, 

Betney, G., 54 n,. 

Bierly, Col., 187, 

Bigod, 181. 

Billers, 41 m. 

Bilson, boy of, 199. 

Biot, M., XXV., xxvii., xxxi. 

Birch, Dr., 21 n. 

Bishops, the, 320. 

Biwater, 228. 

Black, W. H., 120 n. 

Blackett, 293. 

Bland, Sir J., 73 n. 

Blaydes, 269 ; pedigree of, xxxiii. 

Bliss, 78 n.. 

Blomeley, 289. 

Blount, Sir C, 30 n. ; Sir T. P., 30 n. 

Blowe, 274. 

Bohemia, Queen of, 168 n., 169 n. 

Bohun, 117, 181 ; Edmund, 25 •«., 26, 

27, 43 : Humphrey, 25, 27, 43. 
Bolton, Duke of, 201. 
Borellus, 199, 247. 
Boss well, M., 183 n. 
Bosvill, C, 182. 
Bosvile, 268, 283. 
Boswell, C.S.LE., 183 n. 
Boughton, 21 n. 
Boulter, J., 293 ; W. C, viii. 
Bower, 43 n. 
Boy of Bilson, 199. 
Boynton, 175, 181, 230 ; Sir J., 6 n., 

286. 
Boyle, 21, 24, 87. 
Bradshaw, 50. 

Bramhall, Archbishop, 239 n. 
Bramins, the, 215, 317. 
Branson, 295 n. 
Brewster, xxiv. 
Brigantes, the, 306. 
Briscoe, 268. 
Britains, the, 86, 153 n., 182, 219, 221, 

306, 307. 
British, the, 275. 
Broadreffe, 234 n. 
Brooke, Canon, viii. 
Brooks, Sir J., 93. 
Broom, 123. 



INDEX OF NAMES. 



323 



Brouglilon. .'il-t. 

Brown, 6G, H4. 

Browne, 21 >i., 2,". //., 40 n.. 2SI, 282 n. 

Brownlow, Sir .1. T.'l, ~i, 'J.'j, M. 

Broxholme, 1 7;; n. 

Bruce, 175, 181. 

Brute, 318. 

Bruto, K., 138. 

Bryson, J.. 288 n. 

Bryto, Richard, 20.3. 

Buck, 19 n., 2'J3. 

Bulmer, 175. 

Burdett, 181. 

Burke, xi. 7t., xvi. «.. 123 ?/., 149 n. 

Burleigh, Lord, 131 n. 

Burnet. 202 ??,.. 255 ; Dr., 24. 

Burton, 201, 296 ; boy of, 199. 

Burtona, de, E., 225. 

Bury, 1G5 n.. 299 ; Dr., 28 71. 

Busby, Dr., CO. 

Bushel, 247, 248. 

Busli, R. de, 147 n. 

Butcher, )8f; n., 280. 

Butler, 133 //. 

Byron, Rev. J., 1G2 7>. 



C 



Caadwaller, 307. 

Csesar, 100, 249, 306. 

Camden, 105, 188, 206, 208, 209, 210, 

212, 253, 255, 272, 275. 
Camden's Britannia, 60, 85, 304. 
Camden Society, 92 n. 
Campen, 199 
Canby. 175, 290, 319. 
Candler, 25 n. 
Cannon, R., 30 n. 

Canterburs , Archbishop of, 31 n., 70, 
Cappe, Mrs. C, 125 n. 
Capron, W., 172 n. 
Cardanus, 199. 
Carew, B. M., 183 n. 
Carlil, 239. 
Carlin, 197. 
Carlingford, Viscount and Viscountess, 

296. 
Carmarthen, Marquis of, 108. 
Carrington. 189 n. 
Carteret, Lord, Hi ; Sir G., 174 n. 
Carterett, 269. 
Carthusian Monks, 173. 
Cartismandua, Ven., 306. 
Cassaubon, 199. 
Castell, P., 4 n. 
Castelion, 181. 
Castor, 75, 133. 
Catharine, Queen, 46. 



Catherine, St.. 142, 194. 
Cattier, 199. 
Cattz, 254. 
Cavendish, 318. 
Caxton, W., 177. 
Cay, H., 55. 
Cecil, 93. 

Chamber, T., 118 «. 
Chambers, 239 «., vi. n. 
Champneys, 243. 
Chappelow, L., 196 n. 
Chappellow, J., 241. 
Charles I., 3, 12, 65, 66, 117, 171 n., 
174/1., 217, 233, 290, 296 n., 313, 
315, xiii. 
Charles IL, 6, 12, 33, 46, 95 n., 105. 
123, 125, 145, 159, 174 n., 225, 242 ?t., 
282 n. 
Chatburn, W. 0., 4 n. 
Chaucer, 319. 
Chauvin, 247. 
Chavatte, 260. 

Chaworth, Lord, 35 ; W., 172 n. 
Chemnitius, 199. 

Cheney, 231. 

Cherbury, Lord Herbert of, 30 n. 

Chester, Col., viii., 147 it,., 171 n. 

Chatham Society, 161 n. 

Chetv%-ood, Dr., 58 ; Val., 58 n. 

Cheyne, 250. 

Childers, J. W., 165 n. ; H., 288. 

Chinese, 216. 

Chiron, 291. 

Choiseul, Marquis of, 66. 

Cholmondeley, 175. 

Chrysostom, St., 199. 

Churchman, 41 n. 

Ciampini, 210, 212. 

Cimbri, 177 n., 173, 306. 

Citois, 199. 

Clare, 181. 

Clarrel, 181. 

Clarell, J., 172 n. 

Clark, 282 «., 283. 

Clarke, 89 n., 302. 

Clark, W. C. W., 82 n., 318 n. 

Clenawly, Baron, 242 n. 

Cleveland, Archdeacon of, 190 n. 

Cleworth, 54 n., 133, ib. n. 

Clifton, Catherine, Baroness, 169 n, 

C'logher, or Clohar, Bishop of, 144. 

Cloudsley, 171 n. 

Clynton, Maria de, 118 n. 

Coakley. 2G5. 

Cochlea Archimedis, 256. 

Cock, 263. 

Cockaine, 43 n. 

Codronchus, 250. 

Coga, Dr. 318 n. 



324 



INDEX OF NAMES. 



Coggan, 200, 238. 

Coke, 41 n. ; Sir E., 160 n. ; Bridget, ib. 

Cole, 302, 319 w. 

Colepepper, T., 36 7i., 243. 

Colin, M., XXV., xxxi. 

Collen, G. W., viii. 

Collier, 196 n. 

Colling, 214. 

Comin, 213. 

Conan, Duke of Richmond, 193. 

Conde, Princess of, 317. 

Conduitt, XXX. 

Constable, 181 ; U., 225. 

Constantine the Great, 129 n. 

Conway, Lady, 91. 

Cook, 108. 

Cooke, Sir G., 69, 173 n. ; 263 n., 295 

H., 135 n. 
Copley, 175, 181 ; Sir J. W., 156 ?;., 

172 n. ; Sir G., 293 ; Lady C, 

156 n. 
Cork, Boyle, Earl of, 21 n. 
Cornbury, Lord, 22. 
Cotes, xxvii. 
Cotton, 158 n. 237. 
Coverley, Sir R., 128 n. 
Craig, J., xxviii. 
Craven, Earl of, 168 ; family of, 168 

?^., 169 n. ; F. and M., 289. 
Cressey, 286. 
Creun, A. de, 148, ib. n., 187 ; Muriel 

de. 148 n. 
Crevequer, R. de, 123 n ; Mary, 123 m. 
Croese, de la, G., 136. 
Crofts, 286. 
Crokatt, G., 171 n. 
Cromwell, 35, 42, 43, 44, 46, 50, 51, 52, 

75, 83,109, 110, 124, 126, 127, 132, 

136, 138, 142, 151, 158, 199, 291, 

294,290. 317. 
Crusoe, Robinson, 59 n. 
Curzon, A., Hon. and Rev., 13 n. ; S. 

F., 13 n. 
Cudworth, 113 n. 
Curteis, 289. 
Curteen, 254. 
Cuthbert. R., 181 n. 
Cutts, Lord, 108, 109. 
Cyprian, 199 ; St., 199. 



D 



Dalton. 141 «., 253. 

Danes, the, 16, 17 n., 35, 72, 152, 104, 

307. 
Daniel (prophet), 29. 
Darcy, 227 n., 228, 234. 
Darel, 147 n. 



Darling, vi. 

Darnes, Sir T., 120; Elizabeth, 120. 
Darwin, 218 7i. 
Davenport, H., 20 n. 
David's, St., Bishop of T., 115 ; Wat- 
son, Bishop of, 196 n. ; Lyndwode, 

Bishop of, 149 n. 
Davies, 191 n. 
Dawes, 267. 
Dawling, 266. 
Dawney, 292, 309. 
Dawson, 197. 
Dawtry, 79 >i. 

De-alta-rip;i, 79 n., 80 n., 81 «. 
Deckerhuel, J., 4 n. 
De Cow, 292. 
De Foe, Daniel, x., 87 yi. 
De Grey, Earl, 273 n. 
Deincourt, Lord, 107. 
Delafield, ix., xii. 
De la Pierre, xii. 
De la Pole, ix., 230. 231, 231 n. 
De la Pryme, see Pryme. 
De Moo, 109. 
Democritus, 34. 
Denman, 138, 181. 
Denmark, King of, 18, 107. 
Dent, 122 ; John. 122 n. ; Jonathan, 

123 n.. ; Dr. Thomas, 29 n. 
Devonshire, Dukes of, xx., 106, 166«., 

245, 255 ; Lord, 109. 
Dewes, Sir S., 189. 
Dewey, Mrs., 54. 
Diana Elucinia, 235. 
Dieppe, 57 n., 66. 
Dioderti, 4 n. 
Diogenes, 157, 162, 206. 
Dimmock, 109. 
Dinsdale, xvi., 269 
Dobson, 204. 
Dodgson, 292. 

Dodsworth, 113 w., 147 n., 255. 
Dolman, E., 75 n. ; M., ib. 
Dolphin, 288, 289. 
Donatus, 250. 
Dorell, 73. 

Downe, Viscount, 6 n., 185. 202 n. 
Drake, S., 28 n. ; J., 286 ; William, 

303 n. 
Dransfield, 197 n. 
Drew, 288. 

Dronsfield, Sir W., 298 ; Agnes, ib. 
Drummond, Dr. R., 147 n. 
Dryden, 58 n. ; 201. 
Dugdale, Sir W., 113 «., 128 «., 225, 

255, 297 ; J., 189, 190, n. 192 n. ; 

199, 203. 
Dumfries, Swift, Earl of, 296. 
Dunbar, 164 n. 



INDEX OF NAMES. 



325 



Dunderdale. J., 4 n., 37 n. 

Dunton, J., 5 n. 

Durfey, T., 15'J. 

Durham, Langley, Bishop of, 194 ; 
Walter of, 194 ; Skirlaw, Bishop of, 
194 ; Thomas, Bishop of, 313, 318. 

Dutch, the, 6G, 115,165, 242, 308. 

Dymoke, C, 109 «..; E., ib.; L., ib. ; 
Champion, 116, 185 ii. 



E 



Eastland Merchants, 28C. 

Eastoft, 175, 181, 231. 

Edisbury, Dr., 113 n. 

Edleston, xxx, xxxii. 

Edmondson, 227 n. 

Edward I., 59 n., 147 n., 217, 256. 

II., 172 )i., 217, 29G «. 

III., 135, 234 «., 256 «., 307. 

IV., 231 «., 253, 312, 314. 

v., 253, 312. 

VI., 12, 130 «., 200, 201 71., 253, 

255, 308, 312. 
Edward the Black Prince, 232 n. 
Edwin, King. 188. 189 a., 255, 307, 312. 
Egerton, Sir R., 119. 
Egfrid, King, 307. 
Egyptians, 27. 
Eiles, 293. 
Eland, 175. 

Elcock, 272, 273, and n. 
Elice. 268. 
Elizabeth, Queen, 12, 48. 117, 151, 

155, 160, 177, 181, 199, 313, 314, 

317, 318, 319. 
Elletson, 41 ?i. 
Ellis, vii. n. 
Elmhirst. 175 7i. 
Elways, 162, 212. 
Elzevir, 301. 
Elwes, 79 n. 
Engaine, 230. 
England, king of, 145. 
English, the, 144. 
Eratt, 20 a., 37 n., 179, and «., 207 n., 

267. 
Espensoeus, 199. 
Essex, H., 119, 120 ; Joan, ib. 
E.stotevil, 228. 
Eton, Thos., 161. 
Eure, 55 n. 
Evelyn, 29 w. 
Eyre, Antliouy, 5 «., 285 ; Isabella, 5 

11., 285 ; bir G.., 5 n., 285. 



Fabricius. J. A., 28 71. 

Fairfax, 101, 175, 181, 185. 

Fall, Dr. J., 190. 

Fane, Hon. A., 8 fi. 

Fauconberg, R., 162 n. 

Felix, Min., 199. 

Fenton, 10 n. 

Ferguson, 96. 

Feme, Sir J., 288. 

Fernelius, 199. 

Ferrers, 181. 

Fiddis, R., 191. 

Firemee, 199. 

Firmicus, 199. 

Fishmongers' Company, 244. 

Fishwiske, 286. 

Fitz Hugh, 237 n., 230. 

Fitzwilliam, W., 172 )i. 

Fitzwilliam, 179 n., 181. 

Flahant, 266. 

Flamstead, 277. 

Flaxman, A., 170 «., 171 n. 

Fluctibus, de Robert, 247. 

Forman, 229, 230. 

Forster, 179 n., 267. 

Fossard, N. de, 297. 

Fothergill, 141 «. 

Foulkes, 274. 

Fowkes, W., 131 n. ; Elizabeth, ib. 

Fowler, W., 130 n., 135 n., 211 n. ; 
Joseph, 130 7i. 

Fox, 27 11. ; G., 52 n. ; 162 7t. ; W. J., 
165 n., 180 71. ; Rev. T., 180 n. ; 199. ; 
24G, 285, 292. 

Frances, St., 199. 

Frank, F. B., 113 7h. ; R., U3 ?i. 

Frederic, the 5th Elector Palatine, 
169 n. 

French, 57, 66, 85 ; the King of, 241, 
245. 

Fretwell, J., 133 m. 

Frier, Dr., 216. 

Frobisher, 181, 313. 

Frost, xix., 239/1., 298. 

Fulgosus, 199. 

Furnival, 181. 



G 



Gabers, 216. 

Gacheld, 214. 

Gale, Dr. Thos. (Dean of York), 40 7i., 
187, 188, 189, 198, 200, 201, 203, 
208, 209, 220, 255, 304, xviii. ; Roger 
and Samuel, 187. 

Galen, 199. 



526 



INDEX OF NAMES. 



Gamel, SI n. 

Gant, Walter of, 132. 

Gardiaer, T., Bishop of Lincoln, 145 n. 

Garrett, 133 n. 

Gascoigne, 181. 

Gatty, Rev. Dr., vi, n., 153 n., 193 n. 

Gauls, the, 306. 

Gaunt, R. de, 81 n. 

Gaurs, or Gabers, 216. 

George, St., 35 ; arms of, 127 ; cross, 
149 ; church of, 294; Prince, 49. 

Gent, 239 7i. 

Geree, 176, 184. 

Germans, the, 57. 

Germe, 265. 

Gerrard, 249. 

Gething, Lady, 170 n. 

Gibbons, 126, 313. 

Gibson, 305. 

Gifford, R., 297 n. 

Gilbert, 217. 

Gilby, 179 «., 281. 

Gill, E., 193 n. ; W., 270 n. 

Gillam, 288. 

Glenford, 122, 128. 

Gloucester, Dean of, 58 n. 

Glover, 227 n. 

Godfrey, Sir E., 317. 

Godwin, Earl, 312. 

Golsa P. de, 157 n. 

Goodman, xxii. 

Gooben, 290. 

Goodrick, 293. 

Goodwin, 253. 

Gordonius, 199. 

Gossip, A., 13 n.; W., ib.; W. H., ii. 

Gossip family, 303 n. 

Gouge, N.. 29 n. 

Gough, xxii., 189, n. 

Gould, W., 21 n. 

Gouy, 266. 

Gower, Dr., 20 ; S., 20 n. 

Granby, Marquis of, 44 n. 

Grandison, 199. 

Gravenor, 82 n.; M., 151 n. ; U., ib. 

Gray, 200, 205, 241 ; Walter, 233 n. 

Greatrix. 90, 199. 

Greatrex, J., 180 n. ; 268. 

Grecians, the, 306. 

Greene, 263, 313. 

Greenhalgh, 180 •«., 267. 

Greenwood, 131 n. 

Gregory, 55 n., 171, 292 ; IX., Pope, 
122 n. 

Grenehalgh, 267, 268. 

Greves, 214. 

Grey, Henry, Earl of Kent, 8 n. ; An- 
thony, Earl of Kent, 8 n. 

Griffin, B., 288. 



Grimsliaw. 153 n. 

Grimsditch, 153 n. 

Gross, le W., 130 «. 

Grosseteste, Lincoln Bishop of. 122 n. 

Grove, R., 29 «. 

Gruter, 206, 208, 209. 

Gryme, 153 n. 

Guey, 265. 

Guiannerius, 199. 

Gunne, R., 118 n. 

Guoy, 266. 

Gurney, 295 n. 

Guthlac, St., 148 n. 

Guyo, 199. 

Gwins, 124. 



H 



Hacket, 199. 

Hadley, 239 n. 

Hadrian, 219. 

Haldenbi. 297, 298. 

Halifax, Earl of. 242. 

Halldard, 197 n. 

Hall, 22, 40 ; William, 65 /*. ; J., 97, 

304, 305 ; 177, 178. 180, 181, 193, 

255, 305, 319. 
Hamilton, Sir G., 14 n. ; Frances, 14 

n. ; W., 243. 
Hammersley, 59 ; H., 59 n. ; & Co., 

59 71. ; Thomas, 59 >i. 
Hampole, Richard of, 201 n. 
Hansby, Sir R., 291. 
Hanson, 147. 
Harbert, 89 w. 
Hardwick, 257. 
Hardy, 279 n. 
Hargrave, 144. 
Harold, Earl, 312. 
Harrington, 181. 
Harrison, Rev. J., 125 n. 
Harrop, 40. 
Hartforth, 229 7i. 
Hartington, Lord, 243. 
Harvey, F., 158 n. ; J., 201, 202. 
Hastings, 181, 217, 309. 
Hatfield and Hatfeild, 13, ib. n., 86 m., 

37 n., 59 n., 100, 102, 126, 135 w., 

164 n., 166 n., 193, 254 n., 303 7i., 

313. 
Hauden, G., 230. 
Hawkins, 95 ?(.. 
Hawnes de Baron, 269. 
Hayles, Judge, 9. 
Headlam, 41, 279 w., 280. 
Heath, 213. 
Heathcotc, J. M., 165 n. ; R., viii., 

257 7J. 



INDEX OF NAMES. 



327 



Heddon, 88. 

Hedune. W. de, 81 n. 

Helen, St., 129. 

Helmont, 109, 248. 

Hengist. Gl, G2. 

Henne, H., 68 n. ; Dorothy, ib. 

Henry. Prince, 247, 307, 315. 

2nd, 80 n. 

3rd, 122 n. 

4th, X. n. 

6th, 172 n. 

7th, 177, 312. 

8th, 46, 180 n., 153, 154,234, 

255, 290, 300, 301, 307, 310, 312. 

4th, King of France, 233, 317. 

Herald and Genealogist, 100 n. 

Hermes, 92. 

Herschell. xxxii. 

Heselden, W. S., 130 n., 132 n. 

Heyrick, 254. 

Hickman, 198. 

Hill, T., 165. ; Elizabeth, 1G9 n, 171 
11. ; J., ib. 

Hilliard, 181. 

Hilton, 181, 217, 226, 227. 

Hoare, 241. 

Hobson, 303 a. 

Hogarth, H., viii. 

Holbeche, H., 130 n. 

Holland, 99. 

Holies, G., 118 71. 

Holm, Dr., 75. ; 181. 

Holmes, 149, 150, 151. 

Holy Trinity, the, 1-30 n. 

Honiwood, 254. 

Hooke, 179 n. 

Hook, 236. 

Hope, 41. 

Hopkinson, 183. 

Hopton, Sir I., 102 n. 

Hotham, 175, 181, 279 n. 

Houson, 175, 297. 

Hoveden, R., 194. 

Howard, 194. 

Howe, 242, 243. 

Howson, 92. 

Huartel, 199. 

Hugh, St., 145 n. 

Hugo, M., 203. 

Huguenots, the, ix., xii. 

Hunt, 2\ 71. 

Hunter, J., vi. 7^., vii. n., xiii. Ji., xiv. 
n., XV., xxiii., 4 n., 37 n., 54 n., 55 «., 
100 n., 102 «., 107 «., 108 «., 1 13 «., 
124 n., 125 /t., 135 «., 146 n., 147 n., 
153 n., 166 n., 171 n., 172 7i., 175 n., 
mn., 178 71., 182 n., 189 n., 193 ?i., 
197 71., 201 71,., 202 «., 221 u., 254 7i., 
257 7i., 258 «., 260 7i., 261 n., 263 «., 



284 n., 286, 294 ?i., 296 n., 297 n., 

298, 301, 
Hussey, 149, 175. 
Huttou, J., 72 n. ; 237, 317 n. ; Dr. 

M., Archbishop of York, 304 n. ; C, 

187 71. 
Huygens, xxv., xxviii., xxxi. 
Hydes, 241. 



Indians, the, 199. 

Ingram, 7 «., 284 ; Sir A., 126, 313 ; 

Sir H., ib. 
Ireton, 50. 

Ironmongers' Company, 244. 
Irwin, Lord, 36 «., 293, 313. 
Israel, 111. 
Ithon, de J., 256 n. 



Jackson, Sir B., 100. 

Jackson, iv, viii, xxiv. 125, 179 7i., 
193 n., 294 «. 295 /i., 296 ?i., 

Jacob, 133 ft., 260. 

Jacobites, 70, 111. 

Jalland, 141 n., 161 7i. 

James, I. & II. (kings), 8, 12, 14 7i., 15. 
22, 30, 38, 39, 43, 45, 48, 57 n., 60, 
70, 71, 85, 90, 92, 94, 99, 106, 116, 
124, 179 71., 201, 214, 225, 233, 246, 
247, 247 /I., 257, 288, 289, 313, 317. 

James, king of Scotland, 169 w., 229. 

James, St., 233 «., 234 ?i. 

Jannings, G., viii, 

Jeffries, Lord, 9. 

Jenkinson, 147 ?(. ; W. A. A. C, 170 m. 

Jennings, Ed., 14 «. ; S., ib. 

Jersey, Earl of, 242. 

Jerusalem, knights of St. John, 88 «., 
89 H., 174, 310. 

Jesuits, the, 233. 

Jesus, 51, 53, 60, 81, 82. 

Jetzer, 199. 

Jewel, 199, 303 ?>,. 

Joan of Ark, 199. 

John, King, 81, 135,307. 

John, St., 121, 297, 299. 

Johnson, 204. 

Johnson, Kev. J. H., 160 ?i. ; P., 141 
71., 293. 

Johnston, Dr., 4 ?i., 36 7i., 113, 114, 175, 
192, 196 n., 197 ;i., 204, 237, 249, 293. 

Jolence, 161. 

Jolland, G., 161 7i. 

Jollence, 141. 



328 



INDEX OF NAMES. 



Jolly, 203. 
Joly, 189. 
Jones, 192, 242 n. 
Jongee, 215. 
Jurdie, 288. 



Kay, Robert, 5 n., 283, 284, 285 ; Sir 

J., 185. 
Kaye, H., 55 ?t. ; W., ib. 
Keene, A., 183 n. 
Kent, Countess of, 8 ; Amabel, 8 «. ; 

Earl of, Anthony Grey, 8 n. ; Henry 

Grey, 8 n., 9 fi. ; Edmund Planta- 

genet, 231. 
Kentish Men, 242, 243. 
Kenyon, 41. 
Kettle, Dr., 29 n. 
Kettlewell, 147. 
Kidson, 144, 201. 
Kighly, 33. 
Killigrew, 145. 
King, Col. E., 123, 124 ; 156, 
Kingman, 270 n. 
Kingston, Earl of, 73, 74. 
Kinnoul, Earl of, 147 n. 
Kircher, Father, 27, 199. 
Kirk, Col., 30. 
Kirkby, 232 n. 
Kirkh/s Inquest, 265 n, 
Kitchingman, 178. 
Kitson, 241. 
Knatchbull, 302. 
Kneller, Sir G., 22 n. 
Knipe, 285. 



Labouchere, xii. 

Lactantius, 199. 

Lacy, Robert de, 189 n., 255 ; family, 

162, 181. 
Lake, Dr., 161. 
Laken, vV., 118 n. 
Lamb, 201, 241. 
Lamber, S., 4 n. 
Lambert, 126, 273. 
Lamzweend, 199. 
Lancaster, T., Earl of, 307. 
Langdale, 288. 
Langley, 234 n. 
Langwith, 284. 
Lansdowne Collections, 11471., 281, 290, 

291, 293, 297, 298, 302, 305, xv. n., 

xviii, XX. 
Lapidc, a, 199. 



Laplanders, 14, 37. 

Lassels, 217, 227 «.,'230, 234, 235 n. 

Latimer, 175, 244. 

La Touche, xii. 

Laud, 199. 

Lauderdale, Lady, 279. 

Lavater, 199. 

Lavrock, 314. 

Lawrence, St., 194. 

Lavvson, W., 164 n. 

Layton, 255, 258 

Leach, J., 158 «. 

Leake, Sir F., 106 n., 107. 

Lee, Elizabeth, 35 n., 36 n. ; Frances, 
36 n. ; Thomas, 36 «., 100, 101, 135 
'«., 207, 292 ; Cornelius, 35, 36 n., 
50, 54 «., 55, 100, 101, 102, 108, 126, 
233 ; Colonel, 133 n. ; family, 178, 
313 ; Robert, 35 /;., 36 n. ; Susan, 
36 «. 

Lefevre, xii. 

Legard, 299. 

Leibnitz, x.w,, xxvi. 

Leicester, Sir F.. 41. 

Leigh, 265. 

Leighton, Archbishop, 190 n. 

Leland, xiii. «., 293. 

Le Lew, 4 n., 37. 

Lemnius, 199. 

Leng, 238 n. 

Lentulus, 199. 

Le Neve, 145 «., 170 «., 171 re., 279 n. 

Lennox, Duke of C, 169 n. 

Leslie, C, 41 n. 

Lewellin, 105. 

Lewis, X. n., 67. 

Lichfield and Coventry, Bishop of, 5 n. 

Lilburn, Colonel, 4 n, 

Lile, Sir G., 101. 

Lillingston, 75. 

Limborg, 199. 

Lincoln, Bishop of, 82 re. ; Grosseteste, 
122 re. ; Holbeche, alias Randes, 
130 n., 133 re., 145 re., 176, 302. 

Lincoln, Dean and Chapter of, 85 n. 

Lindholme, William of, 146 «., 147, 
310. 

Lindwood, 149. 

Lisle, M., 97 re. ; 230. 

Lister, 149, 1.50 ; Dr., 211 ; 236. 

Locke, T., 172 re. ; xxiv. 

Lockwood, 197. 

Lodge, 169 n. 

London, Bishop of, 5 7i., 30 re. ; Ayl- 
mer, 79 re. 

Lord Mayor of, 126. 

Longley, Edmund de, 312. 

Loretto, Lady of, 246. 

Loudham, J. de, 172 re, ; W., ib. 



INDEX OF NAMES. 



329 



Loudon, 10 n. 

Lovel, 230. 

Lovell, 274, 270. 

Lovetoft, 181. 

Lowther, Sir W., 69, 73 ; W., 293 ; Sir 

J., 297. 
Loyd, 108. 

Lucas, 55 ; Lord, 101 ; Sir C, 101. 
Lucy, 227, 234. 

Luda, (Louth), Nicholas de, 232 n. 
Ludovicus, Vivea, 254. 
Lully, R., 104. 
Lund, Alice de, 147 n. 
Lupton, 288. 
Luther, 88. 
Llhwyd, 236. 
Lloyd, Dr., 24. 



M 



Macaulay, 171 71.. 

Mahomet, 199. 

Malet, D., 80 ?i. 

Manchester, Earl of, 19 n. 

Mann, 232 7t. 

Manners, Lady Elizabeth, 242 n. 

Manningham, 92 n. 

Mantua, Duke of, 57. 

Marana, J. P., 2G ;t. 

March, 181 ; Edward, Earl of, 312. 

Mare, 293. 

Margaret, Queen of Scotland, 229. 

Margrave, 285. 

Marlborough (J. C), Duke of, 14 n. 

Marples, S., 5 n. 

Marshal, 181. 

Marshall, Aid. W., 158 n. ; R., ib.; J., 

317, 318 n. 
Marsham, Sir R., 170 n. 
Marsigli, 250. 
Martial, St., 157 n. 
Martyr, Just., 199. 
Marryott, 180 n. 
Marvel, A., 286. 
Mary, 317 ; Queen, 19, 46, 48, 49, 

121?i., 246, 312; St., 132; Magdalen, 

294; Virgin, 11, 157 n., 158 n., 225 ?i., 

246, 297. 
Mason, Robert, 218 n., 219 ; Aid. and 

family, 218 ; Fed. of, 218 ; H. Sc W., 

234™. 
Masters, 240. 
Mauliverer, 175, 
Maxwell, 279. 
Mayor, viii. 
Mazline, 305. 
Meaux, 217 
Mellish, S., 135 «. 
W 



Melton, 181, 227. 

Melsa, or Meaux, Sir J., 217. 

Menonius, H., 138. 

Merrel, Dr., 144, 248. 

Meux, 235. 

Meyrick, 234 n. 

Michael, St., 157 7i. 

Middlebrook, 55, 292. 

Midgley, Dr., 26, 207, 213, 214. 

Middlemore. H., 131 n. 

Middleton, J., 75 ; 178 ; 201. 

Millard. 40. 

Miller, W., 29 w.; 182 ?i., 183 «., 193 n., 

257 n., 294 n. 
Milner's Thumbs, 90. 
Milton, J., 160 71.., 300, 301. 
Mings, Sir C, 171 7t. 
Mirfield, 288. 
Monah, 115. 
Monceaux, 230. 
Monck, Lord, 126 n. 
Monckton, 73 ?i. 
Monk, Gen., 123, 126. 
Montacute, 231. 
Montague, 242. 
Monteney, 181. 
Moor, 153 ; 180. 
Moore, R., 27 ; S. and A., 27 n. 
Moore, S., 266 ; T., 267 ; T., 165 «. 
Moors, the 36 n. 
Moravius, 199. 
Mor daunt, 113 7i. 
More, T., 118 ; 141. 
Mores, R., 166 7i., 301. 
Morley, 81, 82 n., 89 ?i. ; Fam., 121 ?i. ; 

Eliz., 120 ; Jos., 120, 121, 135 ; 231. 
Morocco, Emperor of, 30. 
Morrell, 52. 

Morton, 20 w. ; Sir J., 139 ; 199. 
Mowbray, 152, 173, 252. 
Mower, 141 n. 
Murfin, 289. 

Mulgrave, Earl of, 33 : Lord, 137. 
Musgrare, 175. 
Musso, 199. 



N 



Nainby, 136 71. 

Nanette, 291. 

Narborough, Sir J., 169 v,., 170 n., 171 

n. ; Elizabeth, 170 n. ; Sir J., Bart., 

170 n. ; Elizabeth, dame, 170 n. ; 

James, 170 7i. 
Neale, Dr., 166. 
Needham, 28 ?i., 41 to. ; P., 28 «. ; Rer. 

S., 28 71. ; W., 28 n. 
Nelson, 82 w. 



330 



INDEX OF NAMES. 



Nelstrop, 68. 

Is'elthorpe, Sir G., 68 n. ; Sir J., 68 n., 

151 ; Richard, 151 n. ; T., 151. 
Nevil, 82. 116, 172, 281, 192,211, 212, 

231,257, 300, 318. 
Neville, 152. 
Newburgh, 231. 

Newcastle, Duke of, 74, 239, 2-10, 241. 
Newman, D., 5 n. 
Newmarch, 152. 
Newton, Dr., xxx. ; Sir I., xvii., xxiv., 

xxxii., 23, 42. 
Nicolas. Sir E., 1G9 n. 
Nigil, 181. 
Nills, 305. 
Noades, J., 6 ?«. 
Norcliffe, 226 n., 292 m. 
Norden, 159 n. 

Norman by, Marquis of, 138, 184. 
Northumljers, the, 307. 
Norwich, Bishop of, 5 n. 
Nostock, 250. 
JVotcs and Queries, 87 n. 
Nourse, 133 n. 
Nova Villa, T. de, 82 ?i. 



O 



Oatreed, [Ughtred] 217. 

Gates, 9, 317. 

Ogden, 41 ?i. 

Oldfield, S., 36 n. 

Oldham, T., 52. 

Oliver, 153 n. 

Orange, Prince of, 14, 57 n., 94, 246 ; 

Princess of, 49. 
Orchard, 28 ■«.., 40 n., 41 7i. 
Orford, Earl of, 57 7i., 242; Lord 

165 n. 
Origen, 199. 

Orleans, Duchess Dowager of, 246. 
Ormoud, Earl of, 74, 106. 
Ornsby, Rev. G., viii., 180 ?t. 
Osborne, Sir E., 126, 313. 
Oughtibridge, xxiii. ; pedigree of, 

xxxiv., 259, 263, 264, 267, 313, 
Owston, 293. 

Oxford, Earl of, 36 n., 43, 44. 
Oxley, 267. 
Oxnard, 233 and n. 
Oyry, F. de, 217. 



Painel, 80 n., 81 n. 
Parseus, 250. 
Palmerstou, Lord, xii. 



Paracelsus, 199, 247, 249, 250. 

Parham, Lord, 161. 

Parker, 84, 85 ; 183. 

Parkin, 269 n. 

Parr, 234 «. 

Parrel, 76. 

Parrol, 254. 

Participants, the, 168 «.. 176, 202, 315. 

Pattison, or Patterson, 294, 295. 

Paul, Apostle, 53. 

Paynel. R., 122, w. 

Peacock, viii., 5 n., 22 n., 37 ?i., 54 «., 

65 n., 82 n.. 88 n., 89 «., 118 «., 121 

n., 122 71., 130 n., 142 n., 211 m., 

319 n. 
Peake, J., 28 7i. 
Pearson, 201, 286. 
Peart, Cap. O., 158 ; R.. ib. n. 
Peche, 230. 
Peck.-xv. 7t., 181, 202 n., 260 n., 261 />., 

263 ?i., 
Peitevin, T., 81 n. 
Pelham, 83, 319 ; Sir W.. 160, 161 ; 

Lady, 156 ; C, 156 n. ; family of, 

ib., 157, 161 ; H. A. M. C, 156 n. ; 

D. W., ib. 
Pemberton, 286. 
Penda. 307. 
Penn, W., 45, 46. 
Pentacrinites, 142 n. 
Pepys, vii., 304. 
Percy, W., 118 n. ; 235. 
Perkins, 41 n., 177, 180 «., 181. 194, 

279 n., 292, 304, 305, 319. 
Peroll, 254 n. 
Perrott, 234 n. 

Peterborough, Earl of, 113 n., 114. 
Peters, H., 51, 52, 60. 

pence, 133. 

Peter, St., 132. 

Pettus, 274, 276. 

Phileus, Taurorainitos. 306. 

Philip, King, 246. 

Phillipa, Queen, xiii. n., 307. 

Phillips, Captain, 66 ; Sir Edward, 

317 ; Mr., ii. n. 
Phoenicians, the, 306. 
Pierce, Dr., 78. 
Pierre, De la, xii. 
Place, 140 n., 142, 143 and7i., 144, 147, 

172, 184, 211, 212, 303 7i.; ^family 

registers of, 143 ?i. 
Plaiz, de, W., 81 n. 
Plantagenet, Edward and Richard, 

312. 
Platerus, 199. 
Pleadwell, 139. 
Plot, Dr., 280. 
Plumptre, J., 172 n. 



NDEX OF NAMES. 



331 



Pole, de la, ix., 230, 2.31, ib. n. 

Polhill, 243. 

Pomponatius, 199. 

Pool, 199, 230, 291. 

Porte, de la, J., 4 n. 

Portington, 102, 181 ; 2.57, 258, 290, 
291, 292, 313. 

Portland, Earl of, 242; Lord, 106, 
10«. 

Portuguese, 216. 

Poulson, 217 n., 225 n., 226 «., 228 n., 
234 n. 

PoultDey, N., 68 w.. 

Prat, or Pratt, 177, 239, 302. 

Preston, E., 38 ; T. 293. 

Pretender, the, xvi. 

Prior, 291. 

Prix, de la M., 4 n. 

Proctor, 20 «., ISO n. 

Prole, 254 n. 

Prospero, 146 n. 

Pryme, de la Pryme, Prime, iv., 
vi., vii., viii., 3, 8, 13, 20 n., 
106 «., 114 11., 131 w., 142 71., 
144 n., 146 /(.., IGl n., 165 n., 168 n., 
171 «., 172 n., 175 n., 177 n., 180 n., 
186 n., 192, 201, 202 n., 204 «., 208, 
209, 212 71., 213, 218, 219, 221 7i., 
223, 232 71., 237, 238 ?»., 239 7i., 241, 
245, 250 71., 252 7i., 255 n., 259, 260, 
261, 262, 263, 264, 265, 266, 267, 268, 
269, 270, 271, 276, 279, 280, 281, 286, 
289, 290, 291, 293, 295 n., 297, 298, 
304 n., 313, 316, 317, 318 ; Family 
Memoir of, &c., iv., xxxii ; and 
Pedigree of, xsxv. 

Prymrose, A., 248. 

Pryn, 124. 

Pulman, 171 «., 300. 

Puritanical i^ames, 43. 

Puritans, 84. 



Q 

Quincy, or Quinzy, 181. 



R 



EAGUSEIUS, 199. 

Raikes, 281. 

Raine, iv., vii., 113 ?i., 150 n., 141 «., 

194 «., 282 71., 302, 
Raleigh, 280. 
Eamsden, 6 7i., 100, 104, 165, 273 «., 

286, 287, 299. 
Ramton, 152. 
Randes, Thomas, 130 7i. 



Ransom, 197. 

Raviliac, 233. 

Rawlinson, R,, 28 7i. 

Ravvson, 109. 

Ray, 249, 250. 

Raysin, 173. 

Read, R., 41 n., ISO n., 260, 279, 280. 

Reading, 9. 

Redford, Sir H., 117, 119. 

Redman, 2SS. 

Reinesius, 209. 

Rendlesham, Baron, 147 n. 

Reresby, 181. 

Rhodes, 293. 

Rhine, Prince Palatine of, E., 246. 

Rheine, 208. 

Rhodes, 159, 218 ?i. 

Ricard, 309, 313. 

Richard I., 123 n. 

II., x.?t.. 87 n. 

111., 312. 

Richardson, 231 n., 2.32 7i., 238 n. 

Richelieu, xii. 

Richmond, C. Duke of, 193 ; 217 n. 

Rickaby, 293. 

Ridley, 273 /i. 

Ringstead, 170 n. 

Rishton, 41 n. 

Rivetus, 199. 

Robert Jordan, son of, 81 7i. 

Robin Hood, 292. 

Robinson, M., G «. ; Robert, 6 ra. ; T., 

29 n. ■ E., 209 ; M., Sir W., 273 7i. ; 

T., 289. 
Rochester, Lord, 279. 
Rock, Dr., 133 n.. 
Rockley, 181. 
Rodes, C. H. R., Rev., 13 7i. ; de, W. 

H., 13 7i. : Sir E., 187 ti. ; Millicent, 

ib. 
Rodrick, 40 n. 
Rodwell, 267. 
Rogers, 150. 
Rogison, 249. 
Romans, the, 35, 55, 62, 86, 91 n.; 138, 

148, 149, 151, 186, 188, 275, 294, 

.306, 314. 
Romilly, xii. 
Romney, Baron, 170 w. 
Rookbv, 190 «. 
Roos, 217. 

Ross, Lord, 234 ; 158 n. 
Rooth, 233. 
Rotherfield, 181. 
Rotherham de, Robert, 256 n. 
Roundel, R., 6 n. 
Rue, de la, 106. 
Russell, Admii-al E., 57 ; Lady M., 

ib. ; William, Lord, ib. n. ; E., ib. 



332 



INDEX OF NAMES. 



Eussel, Earl of Orford, 242. 
Kutland, Duke and Earl of, 44. 
Ryley, Rev. E.,xiv. «. 



SaaR, 235. 

St. Andrew, 123 n. 

St. Aue;ustine, 182. 

St. Catharine, 194. 

St. Jerome, ] 77. 

St. John, 253, 297. 

St. Lawrence, 194. 

St. Leonard, 174. 

St. Margaret, Virgin, 172 n. 

St. Mary, 297. 

St. Pancratiua, 182 ; Pancrace, 309. 

St. Peter, 182. 

St. Pulcheria, 296. 

St. Pulcher, vel St. Sepulchre, 296. 

St. Quintin, 240, 252 ?t. 

St. Thomas, martyr. 172 n. 

Salley, H., 141 n. 

Salraeron, 199. 

Salmon, 199. 

Salisbury, Dean of 78 n. ; Bishop of, 

ib. ; Earl of, 94, 231. 
Saltmarsh, 234. 
Salvin, 135 n., 175, 181. 
Sampson, 194, 269. 
Sandys (family, etc.), 35 n., 36, 36 ?(., 

37 n., 43, 43 n., 45, 95, 100, 101, 111, 

111 n., 120. 
Sanderson, 305 ; Dr., Bishop of T,in- 

coln, 82 7?.., 83, 87 7i. ; Dr., 176. 184. 
Sanquerdus, 199. 
Santon, 148. 
Saracens, the, xi. 
Saunders, 273. 
Saunderson, 43 n. 
Saunderson. R., 75 n. ; Bishop, 301, 

302, 318, 319 71. 
Savile, Sir W., 102 n., 257. 
Sawdy, 199. 
Saxon Coins, 62, 311. 
Saxon MSS., 188. 
Saxons, 164, 307. 
Sayer, 235 n. 
Scapula. 0., 221. 

Scarsdale, Earl of, 107 ; Lord, 13 n. 
Scaurus, xv. 
Scawby, 68. 
Schelsbroot, Van, 142. 
Scholefield, 288. 
Scot, Dr., 199. 
Scotland, James 6th of, 169 n. ; Anne, 

Queeu of, ib. 



Scrope, of Bolton, Em. Lord, 242 

Annabella, 242 n. 
Scroop, 230. 
Seaman, S., 132. 
Selden, J., 8, ib. n., 9 n., 67. 
Sennertus, 199. 
Seymour, 242, 243. 
Shakespeare. 164 n. 
Sharp, Archbishop of York, 178 w. 

245. 
Shawe, 88 n. 
Sherlock, 159. 

Sheffield, 173 n. ; G., 184 n. ; R., ib. 
Shelburn, Lord, xxii. 
Sheppard, 202, 242, 243. 
Shingey, Baron, 57 it. 
Shorten, A., 1 70 n. 
Shovel, Sir C, 169, 170 n., 171 n. ; 

Lady, 170 n. ; E., 170 n. ; A., ib. 
Shrewsbury, Earl of (G. Talbot), 8 n. ; 

Countess of, 166 n. 
Sibbald, 186 n. 
Sim, 208. 
Simocata, 109. 
Simon, Father, 199. 
Simpson, 54 n. ; W., 135 ; Hon. J. B., 

156 n., 292. 
Sirenius, 199. 
Sisson, 241. 
Sitwell, 147 n. 

Skaife, R. H., viii, 265 n., 287. 
Skearn, 181. 
Skern, 6 n. 

Skinner, Sir V., 130 n., 131 n., 145, 
100 n. ; Lady, 131 ; Edward, ib. n. ; 
Anne. ib. ; 157, 160 ; \V., 160 n. ; 
B., ib. ; Edward, ib. ; Cyriack, ib., 
300, 301 ; Stephen, lb. ; Daniel, 
300, 301. 
Skirlaw, 194, 253. 
Slack, 106 rt. 
Slinger, T., 141 n. 
Sloane, xix., 236, 237, 247, 249, 250, 

255. 
Smagge, S., 3 ; P., xv., 3, 259, 260. 
Smales, 273. 
Smart, Dr., 112, 141. 
Smaque, xv., 260. 

Smith, J., 116, 117; Nicholas, 119; 
L., 183 n. ; M., 199 ; T., 212 ; Rev. 
Dr. T., 304 ; 283. 
Smyth, D., 43 ; J., 245. 
Smythe, A., 213. 
Snasel, 175. 

Snawswell, Elizabeth, 119; E..,ib. 
Society Royal, 67. 
Somers, Lord, 242. 
Somwers, 199. 
Somerset, Duchess of, 214. 



INDEX OF NAMES. 



333 



Sothiil, i;5r. "., LSI. 

Spanish, the, "<7. 

Spatchet, !'.>'.>, 

Spectator, lUS n. 

Speed, 2.-);?. 27.% w., 293. 

Speke, 175. 

Spelman, 1.T4 n. 

Stabler, S:; /;. 

Stables, fi!t. 

Stanfield. ISl. 

Stanley, 29 //. 

Stannick, 40 //. 

Stapleton, 148 «. ; Sir P., 12G, 127 ; 

175, 181. 
Staresmoor, F., 11'.) ; William, ib. 
Stark, 65 v., 72 n. 
Starkey, 2S5. 
Startune, H. tie, 81 n. 
Staveley, W,, 1 18 >!■. 
Steinman, 4li w. 
Stella, !'.)'.>. 

Stephen, King, 211, 225 7i. 
Sterpin, 2(j0 
Stevenson, 217. 
Stillingflcet, 41 rt. ; 200 n. 
Stonehouse, W. B., 12 7i., 85 n., 89 n., 

146 71., 152 n., 168 w., 172 «.., 173 n., 

174 >i:, 1S2 «., 184 ■//., 211 u., 260 «., 

291. 
Stor, 273. 

Stovin, 212 ff. ; 260 7t. 
Stow, Archdeacon of, 72. 
Stafford, Earl of, T., 131 n., 317. 
Straker, D., 17 u. 
Strange, 118 »., 119. 
Strongbovv, 181. 
Stukeley, 131 n. ; ISS n. 
Suckling, Sir J., 29 ?i. 
Suffolk, Pole, Earl of, 230 ; Duke of, 

231. 
Summers, Lord, 281. 
Sumner, Dr., 301. 
Sunderland, Earl of, 242 n. 
Surtees Society, iv., v., viii,, xxiii., 

113 71., 150 )i. 
Sutton, H., 118 71. ; Sir R., 180 7i. ; 

arms, 227 ; S. de, 233 n. ; J. de.,ib., 

234: n. 
Sweden, King of, Gustavus Adolphus, 

168 71. 
Swift, Sir R., 106, 107, 108 ; W., 107 ; 

181 ; B., 296. 
Swyft, 106 71. 
Sye, 144. 

Sydenham, Sir P., 187 ti. 
Sykes, 225 n., 232 w. 
Sylvius, ^n., 29. 
Symon, 288. 
Symons, 239 «. 



Tagliacozza, 13 n. 

Talbot, G., Earl of Shrewsbury, 8 7i. ; 
Elizabeth, 8 n., 9 ?i. ; Sir G., 14 ■». ; 
Richard, Earl of Tyrconnel, ib. ; Sir 
Robert, ib. ; Sir William, ib. ; 181. 

Talboys, 181. 

Taliacocius, 13. 

Tancred, 293. 

Tanner, 225 ?i. 

Tascard, Father, 34. 

Taylor, 21 7i.. ; Rev. Z., 190, 192, 198, 
199,' 203, 206, 208, 209, 215. 

Teague, 179 n. 

Tempest, 293. 

Templars, Knights, 55 «., 56, 62. 86, 
88, 89 n., 174, 310. 

Temple, 254. 

Tennant, 274. 

Tertullian, 199. 

Thackeray, xvii. 

Thellusson, C, 147 n. ; C. S. A., ib. ; 
P. J., ib. ; P., ib. 

Theobald. 41 n. 

Thomkinson, 196 7i., 197 n. 

Thompson, J., 28, 141 m., 217 w. ; T., 
225 71., 226 71., 228 ». ; W. and R., 
268 ; E., 285 ; Rev. Dr., viii. 228 ; 
J., 286 ; B., 293. 

Thomson, Sir H., 204 ; Lady Ann, ib. 

Thoresby, vii., xir., xxi., 10 7i., 13 7i., 
36 71., 38 ?i., 58 n., 95 7i.., 113 «., 171 
71., 172 71., 181 71., 187 71., 188, 189 7i., 
204 71; 2.39 71., 255, 256, 258 7t., 272 
7!,., 275 71., 277 71., 293, 294 7i. 

Thornhill, 41 n. 

Thornton, 183. 

Thorpe, 159 7/.. 

Thuanus, 199. 

Thuille, dela. Lord, 317. 

Thurston, J., 170 /i, ; E., ib. 

Thwaites, 193. 

Tickell, xxi., xxii., 239 ti. 

Tilli, Otto, or Otho de, 294, 295. 

Tillotson, 199. 

Tillyoll, 226, 227, 230. 

Tilney, 217. 

Tockets, 284, 285. 

Todd, Tod, 288, 292, 300, 301. 

Tomlinson, 273 7i., 279 •«, 

Tompkinson, 196. 

Tonge, 319 ti. 

Tooland, 217. 

Torre, J., 172 ; 232 n. ; 273 n., 291, 
297, 298, 301. 

Tourville, Mons. de, 57 7i. 

To wars, 231. 

Trajo, W., 188, 203. 



334 



INDEX OF NAMES. 



Trarabe, 293. 

Trannian. St., 133. 

Travers, 291. 

Tricket, Catherine, 123 n. ; Joseph, 

123 n. ; Robert, 123 n. 
Triggot, 181. 
Trippet, 241, 300. 
Trithemius. 199. 
Tron, St., 133 Ji. 
Troy. King of, ix. 
Trunyon, St.. 132. 
Truyen, St., 133 n. 
Trygot, 193. 
Tally, family of, 159. 
Turks, the, xi. 
Turner, 29 n. ; C, 36 n. 
Tuscany, Duke of, 57. 
Tusedail, 217. 
Tyrconnel, Earl of, 14. 
Tyrvvhitt, 88 n. ; 90 n. ; Elizabeth, 

130 n. ; R., ih. ; Wm., ih, ; R., 131 

n. ; Sir R., 130 n. 
Terwyt (Turrit), 1G3. 



U 



Ufford, 231. 
Ughtred, or Oatreed, 217. 
Uppleby, G., 180 n. 
"Urry, 88 n. 
Urslet. 181. 



Valkexburgh, Van, or Vaulcon- 
burgh, xvi., 5, and n., 6 rt., 283, 284, 
285 ; pedigree of, 285, 286. 

"Van Akker, 123. 

Vandervert, 284. 

Vanheck, 2G6, 267. 

Van Swinden, xxv. 

Vaudois, 24 ; the, 20.";. 

Van Vaulconburgh, or Valkenburgh, 
283, 284, 285 ; pedigree of, ib„ 285. 

Vavasour, 175. 

Verdon, 28 n. ; 41 n. 

Verecius, M., 209. 

Verli, R. de, 225 n. 

Vermuyden. Sir C., xv., xxi., 3 n., 5 
n., 126, 202 ;t., 254, 284, 313, 314, 
315. 

VerBatti, 254, 284. 

Vernon, 181, 242. 

Verulam, Lord, 247. 

Victoria, Princess, 295 7i. 

Vigani, J. F., 25, 247. 



Vintners, the, 144. 
Virgi], 276. 
Vives, L., 254. 
Vortigern, 61. 



W 



Wade, Elizabeth, 59 n. ; William, 

ib.; B., 241. 
Wagstaff, Dr., 217. 
Wainwright, 294 n. 
Wake, de^la, 228 ; Lord Thomas, 231. 
Walcot, H., 158 w. 
Wales, Prince of, 71, 245, 246, 247 n., 

307. 
Walford, 283. 
Walker, 36 n., 40 ; L., 54 n. ; T., 

295 n. 
Waller family, 27 n. ; E., 21 n. 
Wallice, T., 186. 
Wallis, 181. 

Walter of Durham, 194. 
Warburton, xiv., xx., xxii., 204 n., 

217 n., 227 n., 290, 298. 
Ward, Dr. S., 78 n. 
Wardel, 232. 
Warren, Jo., 29 n. : Earls of, xiii. n., 

166 ?i., 171, 312, 319. 
Washington, 177. 
Waterland, Mrs., 125. 
Wats, Thomas, 121. 
Watson, Dr., 41 n. ; Bishop, 196 «. ; 

206, 292. 
Weddell, 273 n. 
Wellbeloved, 205 n. 
Wells, 318 n. 
Wentworth, Sir W., 131 n., 160 m. ; 

Anne, ib. ; Elizabeth, 297 ; Sir J., 

ib. ; J., 298 ; 147 ?t. ; 175, 177, 181 ; 

arras, 197, 297. 
Werneley, or Wemdley, J. C, 4 n. 
Wesley, Samuel. 173, 176, 190 ; John, 

174 n. ; 198, 213. 
West, 215, 313. 
Westby, F., 13 n. ; T., ib. ; 181, 193, 

281. 
Westmerland, H., Earl of, 160 ; Elea- 
nor, dau. of do., ib. 
Wetherall, R., 158 n. 
Wharncliffe, Lord, 172 n. 
Wharton, 83, 175. 
Wheelhouse, 289. 
Wheelock, 188. 
Whichcot. G., 185 n. 
Whiston, 159. 
White, 9 •«., 83, 198, 199. 250 n., 281, 

313. 
Whitley, C. T., iv. 



INDEX or NAMES. 



335 



Wichcote, 100. 

Wickham, 81o. 

Wigley, 133 /i. ; 279 n. 

Wigniore, 41 n. 

Wilburn, 245. 

Wildbore, 2'.)5 n. 

Wilkinson, 241, 280. 

Willats, 267. 

William the Conqueror, 72, 109. 194, 

312. 
King^, 19, 22. 49. CA, CC, 84 n., 

95, 96, 97, 106, 115, 11 (J, l.W, 189, 

202, 242 n., 243. 

and Mary. 109 «., 288. 



Williams, 199. 

Williamson, 297 ; J., 1G9 a. ; Sir. J., 

169. 
Willis, 199. 
Willoughby, 257 ; C, Lord Parham, 

161 ; Anne, ih. 
Wilson, F., 41 n. ; J.,ih.; 43; M., 

183 n. ; E. S., viii., 2."<2 «., 298, 

304 «. 
Willson, Isabella, ]9(i «.. 
Winchester, Marquis of, 201 «., 202. 
Wingfield, 230. 
Winn, C, 91 n. ; family of, 124 ; G., 

ib. ; Rowland, ib. n., 125 ; Edmund, 

125 ; S., ih. n. ; Sir E., 145. 
Wilberfoss, 279 «. 
Wise, 229. 

Wode, Robert, 130 n. 
Wolf. 28 n. 

Wolaey, Cardinal. 29G, 318. 
Wolstenholm, 124 n. 



Wombwell, 181. 

Wood, Mary, 119, 120 ; Thomas, 119 ; 
B., 11'.), 120 ; arms of, 120 ; a' An- 
thony, 300 ; Athen. Ox., 176 n. ; ¥., 
xvi., 2.59. 

Woodcock, 9, 313. 

Woodrofe, 181. 

Woodward, 179 n., 236, 237. 

Worde, W. de, 177. 

Wormley, 313. 

Worral, 181, 287. 

Wor.sley, Baron, 156 n. ; J., 128. 

Wortley, 172 «., 181. 

Wotton, W., 28 71., 29 n. ; ReT. IL, 
28 n. 

Wright, A., 141 n. ; 261, 268, 269, 286. 

Wroe, Dr., 208,214. 

Wyvil, 95 n. 



Yarboeough, 156 71., 171, 319 ; Earl of, 
84 n., 121 n., 130 n., 131 n., 156 n., 
157 n. 

Yarburgh, 204. 

York, Archbishop of, 46, 143, 147 n., 
178, 208, 239, 240, 241, 292, 300, 
308, 304 n. ; Dean of, Gale, 187 «., 
188, 198, 200, 203, 205, 208, 209, 
220, 235, 236 ; Archdeacon of, 58 n., 
289, 292 ; Duke of, 57 n., xiii. n. ; 
Princes of, xiii. n, 

Youden, 303 n. 

Young, 217. 



INDEX OE PLi 



Abinger, 176 n. 

Ackton, 125 n. 

Accrington. 41 n. 

Addingham, 292. 

Adwick Hall, 177, 

Agelorum, 221. 

Ailsby, 153, 154. 

Aire, Kiver, 184, 188, 314. 

Albrough, Holderness, 217, 235, 272. 

Alburrow, near Boro'bridge, 186, 198. 

Alkborough, 138, 139, 142, 164, 203, 

212, 235, 301. 
All-Saints, Barton, 132 ; York, 288. 
Althorp, 58, 108, 151. 
Ambersbury, 78 n. 
America, xiii., 99. 
Amsterdam, 92 n., 136 n., 144, 301. 
Anables, 119. 
Ancholme, or Ankholme, 115, 122, 

131, 142, 211, 319 n. 
Andrew's, St., Holborn, 43 n. 
Ank, River, 115, 122, 128, 211, 
Anlabj, 299. 
Annesley, 34. 
Appleby, 80, 117, 124, 125, 128, 130 n., 

164, 211, 
Appletreewick, 1S8 n, 
Arabia, 58. 

Arksey, 102 n., 177, 257 n., 292, 295 n. 
Arraeu, 273. 
Armthorpe, 290,301, 
Arnold, 225 ii. 
Arras, 200. 

Ash (or Esh) Well, 149 n. 
Ashby, 82 n., 89 n. 
Ashfields, 287, 
Audfield, 119. 

Austerfield, 220, 221 n., 297. 
Averholme, 134. 
Ax Yard, 115. 
Axliolme, Isle of, 3, 5 n, 12 «,, 83, 85 



n., 116, 131 n., 148 n., 168 n., 172 n., 
173, ib. n., ni,ih. 7t., 182 n., 185 n., 
211 71., 212 n., 257, 260 /i., 290, 291, 
315. 



B 



Babworth, 135, 

Bake, 275, 276. 

Balby, 296, 297 n. 

Ballasalla, 270. 

Ballatrick, 270 n. 

Balneum, 55, 

Banks, 177. 

Bantry Bay, 171 7». 

Barcelona, 57. 

Bardney Abbey, 132. 

Bargh, 147 n. 

Barlborough, 13 n. 

Barleby, 229 n. 

Barlings, 158 ?t. 

Barnby-Don, 55 n., 102 n., 171, 257, 

258, 291, 292. 
Barnby Moor, 57. 
Barnsley, 147, 177, 297, 
Barnstaple, 131 n. 
Barrow, 60, 130 n., 211. 
Barton, 59, 62, 128, 130 ?i., 132, 142, 

144, 145. 
Baston, 148 n. 
Bath, 63 n., 183 n. 
Batley, 292. 
Bawtry, 35, 114 n., 201 n., 202 n., 220, 

261 «., 263 n., 284, 297. 
Bawn, 55, 

Baynard's Castle, 228. 
Bedford, County of, 36 ?i., 117, 174 n. 

201 ; Level, 57 n. ; Walks, 117. 
Beighton, 183 n. 
Belton, 3 n., 73 n., 173, 175, 176, 196 

M., 269, 270. 
Belvoir Castle, 44, 
Beningtack, 286. 



INDEX OF PLACES, 



337 



Benningholrae, 225 n. 

Ben well. 22.") n. 

Bereswood, 308. 

Berkshire, 119, 120, 280, 281. 

Berlings, or Barlings, l.")8. 

Beverley, xxii., 7, 17, 83, 115, 141 n., 

17.0, 196 n., 198, 218 n., 219, 229, 

232, 25.S, 273 n., 290, 297. 
Bewick-by-Albnrro\v, 235. 
Bigby, 122 «., ir.3, 2.53. 
Billing, Great, 79 ii. 
Billingsgate Street, London, 176. 
Bilson, 199. 

Bilton, 119, 120, 225 ». 
Birstal Priory, 148. 
Bisliop's-Hill, York, 188, 292. 
Bishopthorpe, 187, 245. 
Blackfryars Stairs, 278. 
Blackwall, 277. 
Bleil-ground, Ifia ?t. 
Blockhouse Hills, 156. 
Blome, 276. 
Blyth, 302. 
Boinbaim, 215. 
Bonimell, 7'> yi. 
Boothby-Fagnell, 302. 
Booth Ferry, 257. 
Boroughbridge, 115, 131 n. 
Boscobel, 217. 
Boston, 10.5, 131 «., 148 n., 216, 217, 

ih. V. 

Bosworth, 161. 

Bossall (or Boswell), 177, 239, 302. 

Bottesford, viii., 65 n., 71 ?^., 75 n., 82 

n., 88 n., 89, 121 n. 
Botulph's, St. (Lincoln), 148. 
Brabant, 133 n. 
Bradfield, 165, 175. 
Bramwith, 28, 37, 55, 55 n., 63, 114, 167. 
Branam, 28 it. 
Bratton, 134. 
Bratton Graves, 211. 
Bretton West, 298. 
Bridekirk, 169 n. 
Bridge-house, Arksey, 295 n. 
Bridlington, 272, 293. 
Brigg, viii., xviii., 60, 61 n., 62, 66, 

68, 81, 90 n.y 93, 97, 112, 122, 128, 

129, 133, 141, 143, 144, 151, 153, 

159, 161, 162, 163, 164. 
Brington, 78 n. 
Bristol, 95 n. 
Britain, 106 7i., 249. 
British Embassy, xii. 
British Museum, vi. n., vii. n., xviii., 

XX., 114 11., 183 n., 204 n., 291, 293, 

297, 298, 302. 
Brocklesby, 83, 131 n., 156, 160, 161, 

162, 319. 



Brodsworth, 147. 

Brough, 219. 

Broughton, xviii., 59, 61 n., 65, 68 «., 
80, 84 n., 86, 90, 91, 117, 118, 119, 
120, 122 «., 125, 127, 128, 133, 134, 
137, 145 Vi., 1.59, 16.5, 186 n., 211, 
249, 251 n., 276, 279. 

Bruges, xii. 

Brumby, 82 n.. 88 «., 89, 264, 318 7t. 

Brussels, xii. 

Bryerhills, 267. 

Bucks, County of, 5 n., 183 n., 254. 

Bull Hassocks, 290. 

Burton, 59, 59 n., 137, 133 n., 148, 
184. 

Burton Constable, 225 7i. 

Burton Stather, 121 n., 142 n., 148 n. 

Burton Wall, 158 ;t. 

Burrow, Lady or Countess, 138 «. 

Buttercrambe, 279 n. 

Butterwick, 148 n., 184. 

Buxton Well, 274. 

Byram, 273 n. 



C 



Caistor, or Castor, 61, 62, 67, 71, 141, 
156 n. 

Calder, River, 1S4. 

Calne, 183 n. 

Cambridge, vii., viii., xv., xvi., xvii., 
xviii., xxiii., xxv., xxvii., xxviii., 
xxix., XXX., 6 n., 18, 19, 28, 30, 34, 35, 
39, 44, 45, 57 n., 58 n.. 65, 70, 117, 
133, 186, 187 n., 239, 241, 260, 274, 
276, 279, 299, 300, 302. 304 ; All 
Saints, 196 n. ; Catherine College, 
6 M., 28 n. ; Christ's College, 187 n. ; 
Clare Hall, 164 ; Emmanuel College, 
302 ; Jesus College, 181 ?t., 304 ; 
Round Church, 40 ; St. John's 
Chapel, 196 n. ; St. John's College, 
viii., .xvii., xxix., 161 n., 179 «., 181 
«., 196, 254, 279 n. ; Sidney Sussex 
College, 302 ; Trinity Church, 196 
n. ; Trinity College, vi., viii., 285 n. 
300 ; Hostel, xv., xvi., xvii., xxviii., 
xxix. 

Campsal, 6 n., 37 »., 113 n., 133 n., 
171 n., 200, 204,287, 319. 

Canovein, or Canova. 215, 216. 

Canterbury, 170 «., 319. 

Cantley, 106 Ji. 

Car-house, 193 n. 

Carleton, 119. 

Carleton-Paynel, 118 7i. 

Carlisle, 73. 

Carniola, 82, 



338 



INDEX OF PLACES. 



Carrickfergns, 116. 

Casterton, 211. 

Casthorp, 118 n. {vel. Castlethorpe.) 

Castlegate (St. Mary's), York, 204 n. 

Castle-hill, 81, 235. 

Castlethorpe, 80 n., 81, 84 n. 

Castleton, 21 1. 

Castleton Well, ib. 

Castletown, 149. 

Castrop, 80. 

Catulonia, 57. 

Catherine College, Cambridge, 6 >i., 

2Sn. 
Catton, Upper, 20G, 208. 
Cave, 200. 
Cawood, 296, 305. 
Chatres, 164 n. 
Chatham, 278. 
Cherrington, 218 7i. 
Cheshire, co.. 28 n., 38, 41, 189 n., 255. 
Chester, 95 n. 
Chesterfield, 141, 263. 
Chelmsford, 100. 
Chelsea, 278. 
Chevet, 257 n. 
Cheetham Hill, 4 n. 
Chete (Chevet), 257. 
Chibereworde, 178 ?i. 
Chichester, 5 n. 
Chippenham, 183 n. 
Chirictown, 127. 
Chiswick, 278. 

Christ's College, Cambridge, 187 n. 
Chulminoor, 216. 
Church-Garth (Kirton), 127. 
Clee, 155 n. 
Cleethorpe, 155. 
Clermont, 157 ii. 
Cletham, 148. 
Clogher, or Clohar, 144. 
Coalby, 142. 

Coates, Great, 153 ; Little, ib. 
Colchester, 21 n., 101. 
Collen, 57. 
Colton, 41 n. 

Commons, House of, 150. 
Coney Street, 6 n. 
Coningsborough, xiii. n., 296 n. 
Conington. 28 n. 
Conisby, 106. 
Coniston, 225 «, 
Corringham, 318 n. 
Cottingham, xvi., 228, 229, 230, 232 

n., 299. 
Courtown, 14 n. 
Covent Garden, 283. 
Countess Barrow, 212. 
Close and Pit (AUkburrow), 

164. 



Cowick, 6 /!■. 

Cravemore, 113 n. 

Craven, 168, 183. 

Crawford, 171 n. 

Creighton, vel. Crigglcstone, 296 n. 

Cripplegate (St. Giles), 21 n. 

Crooksbroom, 310. 

Croston, 192 /i. 

Crowland, 266. 

Crowle, 4 n., 9 n., 83 /(., 175, 176, 284, 

285, 315. 
Crowston, 129. 
Croyland, 148 n. 
Cumberland, 85, 1G9 u. 



D 



Danish Coins, 311. 

Danum, 218, 221. 

Darfield, 108, 115. 

Darren Hills, 275, 

David's, St., 149 n, 

Deal (Kent), 95. 

Denmark, 153 w. 

Delphos, 246. 

Deptford, 277. 

Derbyshire, 13 n., 41 n., 141, 165, 174 
n., 175, 183 ?i, 260, 263, 276. 

Derby, 34 ; School, 41 ??.., 260, 276. 

Devil's A (Derbyshire), 275, 276. 

Devizes, 78 n. 

Devonshire, 274. 

Diana's Head Spring (Kirton), 149. 

Dicken Dike, 168. 

Dickering, 225 /i,. 

Don, or Dun, River, 35, 55 n., 166 n., 
189, 286, 314. 

Doncaster, vi. n., viii., x.xii., xxiv., 5 
71., 6 71., 13?(., 14, 18, 35, 43 «., 52 
n., 58, 59 71., 63, 69 /l, 96, 106 «., 
107 ■«., 112, 113 >i., 114 «,, 115, 144, 
147 n., 156 )t., 171, 173, 175, 178, 
179 71.. 182 71., 183 71., 188, 190 ■«., 
193, 198, 233, 283, 284, 285, 288, 
291, 293, 295 7i., 296, 297, 305, 317 
;». 

Dorchester, 20 n. 

Dordrecht, 136 n. 

Dorsetsliire, 149 n. 

Dover, 123. 

Doway, 45. 

Dowthorpe, 225 /i. 

Downs, the, 63 ii, 

Drax, 292. 

Driffield, 218 7i. 

Drypool, 204, 299. 

Dublin, 215. 

Dunham Ferry, 74. 



INDEX OF PLACES. 



339 



Dunscroft, 166, 175, ISO n., 301, 308, 

310. 
Dunstall, 318 ». 
Durham, co. of, 40 n., 304. 
97 71. ; St. Cuthbert's in, 194 ; 

Prior of, 195 ; Castle of, iv. 
Durtness, 286. 



E 



Earswick, 273 7i. 

Easterton, 193. 

Eastfield, 113 n. 

East Indies, 215, 237. 

Eastland, 286. 

Estrington, 193 n. 

Eburacum, 205 n. 

Ecclesfield, 112 7t. 

Eccleston, 112. 

Edwinstowe, 189 ?i. 

Edwinstow, 255. 

Egypt, 58. 

Egborough, 288. 

Elephanto, 216. 

Eldon Hole, 274, 275, 276. 

Ellerby, 225 n. 

Elloughton, 218 ?t., 219. 

Elmsall, 175. 

Eltofts, 232 n. 

Ely, 19. 

Elmsal, North, 298. 

Enfield, 131 ?t. 

England, xi. n., xii., xiii., xxviii., 7. 
8, 9, 10, 12, 14, 17, 19 «., 24, 27, 33, 
38 n., 48, 60, 66, 70, 77. 82, 83, 88, 
90«., 96, 97, 108, 109, 123, 126 «... 
133, 145, 156, 157 n., 159, 165, 176, 
188, 189, 229, 245, 246, 248, 249, 
270, 320. 

Chiu-ch of, 58, 95, 96, 97, 1 13 n.. 

122 n., 136, 190 n., 201, 213, 303 7i. 

Eper, 3. 

Epworth, 3, 5 n.. 83, 85 n., 173, 174 n., 
175, 176, 198, 202 n., 267, 269, 270 n. 

Ermine Street, the Roman, 59 7i., 
68 n. 

Escrick, 293. 

Esh (or Ash) Well, 149 n. 

Eshton Hall, 183 n. 

Essex, 100. 

Eton, 40 ?i., 41 n., 58 ?i., 279. 

Europe, x., xxvi., xxvii., 241. 

Exchequer Court, 315. 

Exeter, 95 )i. 

Ey worth, 117. 



Fairholm. 225 n. 

Faldingworth, 82 n. 

Fardingoe, 119. 

Farnhani, 164 w. 

Fermanagh, 2!2 /;. 

Fens, 165 lu 

Fenwick, 84 n. 

Ferriby, 98, 115, 184 a., 197. 

North, xvi., 75 ?t.. 264, 297, 

299. 

South, 206. 

Sluice, 131 71,. 

Ferry Flash, 82 u. 

Sluice. 131. 

Finningley. 201, 202. 

Firth, the, 232 /(,. 

Fishlake. viii., 11, 96, 97 ?i., 114, 115, 

167. 175, 177, 178, ISO n., 181, 193, 

194, 255, 288, 291, 305, 315, 319. 
Fladbury, co. Worcester, 24 n. 
Flamliorough, 293. 
Flanders, ix., xii., xiii., 3, 108, 260, 

2C5. 
Fleet Street, 283. 
Flixborough, 121. 
Foettipore, 317 n. 
Folkerby, 6 ?4. 
P^ordingbridge, 40 n. 
Fore HilLs, 115, 116, 129. 
Foxletness, 131), 
France, xii., 38, 90 ?t., 108, 136, 137, 

157 n., 205, 229, 317. 
Fraisthorpe, 225 n. 
Freistingthorpe, ib. 
Freston Priory, 137, 148, 
Frickley. 52 n., 175. 
Fro'.linghani, 148. 
Froulsworth, 119. 



G 



Gainsborough, 65 »., 72, 84, 98, 105, 

125, 145, 168, 198, 213, 265, 290. 
Gainstrop, 127. 128, 211. 
Galbergh, 147 n.. 
Gallow-hills, 134. 
Gamston, 106. 
Ganstead, 225 n. 
Gauble Close, Balby, 297 7i. 
Gauber Hall, 147. 
Gaunt, 0', J. house, 278. 
Geneve, 4 n. 
Genoa, 26 n 
Germains, St., 41 n. 
Germany, 82 >i., 90 H., 106 ?i.i 107 n. 
Giggleswick, 149. 



340 



INDEX OF PLACES. 



Gillian's (or Julian's) Bower, 164,301. 

Gilthwaite, 301. 

Gipwell, 71. 

Gisborough, 181 ra., 285. 

Glasgow, xvii., 18 ; University of, 

190 >i. 
Glenford Brigg, 122, and n., 186 n. 
Gloucestershire, 242. 
Godmanchester, 133. 
Godstow, 105. 

Gokcwell (or Goykewell), 79, 86. 
Goodcock, 266. 
Goodcop, 207, 269, 270 n. 
Goole, 108, 185, 290. 
Gore Steel, Thorne, 167, 287. 
Gowthorp, 149 n. 
Goxhill, 130 n., 131 7i. 
Grantham, 44, 73 «., 76, 278. 
Grave, 75 m. 
Gravesend, 277. 
Gray's Inn, 151 w., 285. 
Great Britain, 271. 
Greece, 291. 
Grecian Coins, 311. 
Greenhoe, 65 ?i.. 
Greenwich, 277. 
Grime Close, 159. 
Grimsby, 123, 152, 153, 155, 156, 159, 

253 ; Road, 116. 
Grim's-dyke,, 153 n. 
Grim's-shaw, ib. 
Grim's-thorpe, ih. 
Grimthorpe, 279 n. 
Guelderland, 75 «., 164 n., 176 n. 
Guisborough, 285, 304, 305. 
Gyp, or Gipwell, 128. 



H 



Hackney, 198. 

Hadley House, 113 n. 

Hador, 149 n. 

Hague, the, 169 n, 

Haines, 266. 

Hale's Hill, 146. 

Halhenburs;, xvi. 7i. 

Halifax, 178. 

Hall Cross, Doncaster, 294. 

• House, ib. n. 

Haltenprise, 196, 298, 299. 
Halton, 130 ■«. 

Price, 298, 299. 

• West, 140. 

Ham, 279. 
Hanipolc, 193, 297. 
Hampton Court, 279. 
Hangon'3 House, 146. 
Hants., CO. of, 40 n. 



Harburg, 34. 

Hardwick, 255. 

Hill, 82 n. 

Harmston, 91 n. 

Hastings, 169, 171 n. 

Hatfield, viii., .xii., xiii n., xiv. n., xviii., 
XX., xxi., xxii., 4 n., 5 n., 6, 11, 12, 
13 n., 20 n., 27 and n.. 28, 35, and n, 
36 n., 37 /I., 54 n., 55 ?t., 63, 76,. 99, 
106 ?i.. Ill 11.. 114. 126, 133 n.. 135, 
146 n., 165, 166, 172, 175, 178, 179 ?t., 
180. 181 n., 187, 1S8, 189?;., 190 n., 
193, 196, 197 71., 202 ?«., 204 n., 207, 
210, 212. 218, 233, 255, 2.56, 257, 
260, 261 n., 262, 265, 260, 267, 268, 
269, 270 n., 284, 285, 287, 289. 290, 
291, 292. 302, 303, 305, 307, 308, 309, 
310, 311, 312, 314, 315. 

Court Rolls, 256 n., 257 n. 

Chace, vi. ■«., xii., xiii., xv., 

xvi., xxi., xxii., xxiii., 3. 4 n., 5 n., 
87 M., 55 n., 185, 202, 220, 284, 286, 
291, 308. 

Levels, xvi., xxi. n.. 249, 251 n., 



254, 260 n.. 285, 287, 290. 

Woodhouse, 146 «., 287, 308. 



Haut Emprice, 299. 

Haverborough, 34. 

Hawnes, 174 ti. 

Haxey, 115, 116, 172 n., 175, 176, 290. 

Hedingly Moor, 10 )i, 

Hedon, xxii., 244, 293. 

Heidelberg, 161. 

Helmsley, 141 /;.. 

Hemingborough, 194, 195. 

Hemswell, 87 n. 

Herald's College, London, 171 n., 300. 

He